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THE FUTURE. I TO THE EDITOR. I Sir,— Your correspondent attempts to refute my statements in a former letter by abusing statements. Such expressions as "confiscation of the land, oppression of the people, toiling masses," are "stage properties of ignorance, malice, and folly." Ho say, such a statement could only be made by a person who is utterly ignorant of what he is talking about. He is evidently not aware of the passing of the Enclosure Act of 1760, by which landlords were enabled to enclose over ten million acres of the people's land, and of the destruction of cottages which followed in due course to pre- vent people living on the land; of the hundreds of thousands of people evicted in Ireland and Scotland and outraged by the burning of their nomes over their heads to drive- them off the countrv-side. As to oppression, the very fact. that people have been compelled to compete for housing accommodation and for employ men-fc in towns, causing a reduction of wages and increase of r,ent., is quite sufficient evid- ence of oppression. If we need further prcof tho Sweating Commission, now sitting, can supply us with more than we need. How about the 1,200 Englishmen, who were compelled to disgrace England last week as blacklegs at Antwerp? How about the thousands of Eng- lishmen who have to become exiles in fo:eign lands every year, because they are denied the rrght to live in their own country? Surely the knowledge of such evils is sufficient to produce "gas" in any intelligent man who wishes to see progress and prosperity instead of degradation and decay. Your cor-espendent asks whether I would "tell your readers what I mean by Socialism? Socialism will give back again to the people the right to live cn this earth, and the power to govern themselves, ignoring altogether the privileges, superstitions, and impostures of landlords, capitalists, and other wild fowl w ho pretend 1 hat. they own this planet and are entitled to blackmail other people for living on it. But, strange as it may sound to a Radical, the Socialist would not take the land off the landlord, nor destroy the State Church, nor abolish the House of Lords. The first step in revolutionary Socialism is free maintenance of school children by the State; second, compulsory housing of the work' ng- claas by the municipal authorities; third. old- age pensions; fourth, State employment for the unemployed. Then would follow an eight hours' day, with a minimum wage for Govern- ment employes, anti-sweating laws, nationali- sation of railways, mines, etc; and so on. Yours correspondent says that I affirmed "that manual labour qualifies a man to administer justoe," etc.. I still contend that. there are men of the labouring class who could dispense justice more equitably than many who now sit on the bench, whose only qualification is that they are rich. But "Old Stager" gees beyond the question when he says "and doubt- less ignorant of statesmanship and cf the seieree of government." Anyone would think there were statesmen among the capitalists of the Lower House, and that there existed there a science of goven.ment. It is the absence of these things tha,t the Labour members are denouncing to the country. The Social Demo- cratic Federation are working very hard just now to educate Lawyer Haldane how to con- struct a.n Army, but, considering that this man has not even been a Volunteer, what result are they likely to have? He is getting £ 5,000 a year for "how not to do it. so why should I he bother? Now, the. paragraph which "Old Stager" gives to ventilating his superstitions about capital and labour, shews that he does not understand economics nor the development of trade and commerce. He says that Socialistic folly makes capital feel insecure, therefore it is almost impossible to obtain money for in- dustrial enterprise in England. He is not aware that over 214,000,000 have been spent in erecting new cotton mills in England dur- ing the last two years, and that millions CiÍ money were spent by English capitalists in India, China., and Japan for the same purpose long before Socialism was heard of in England. Considering tha.t Socialism is stronger in most countries of Europe than in England, where can it be more safely invested? But, suppos- ing it is true, what fools the British people must be to produce immense profits t-hat their masters might establish opposition industries in foreign countries to put the British work* man out, of work. If the various industries were nationalised, all the profit would stop in the country to start fresh enterprises- Yours, etc., J. WATSON. Hilléde. Guildcn Sutton. I TO THE KDITOB. I S.i,r,-I ask, through the medium of your paper, which I have sent me every week, just to paise my opinion on the letters I have read in the correspondence column headed "The Future" and written under a nom dc plume "An Old Stagier." It sounds hackneyed enough anyway, and his arguments are, like the city of Chester, ancient. J. Watson's is by far the most intellectual a.nd has shewn good thought on the subject. "Old Stager," well, his class, I am sure, would be better employed employing- someone elwe, say the undertaker. After all I have read on Social- ism and individualism I have come to the conclusion that Socialism is the only salvation for the people, and if the people of Chester do not sea it yet, if they will only go into the industrial centres they will. If Socialism is false, then why do &uch men as H. G. Wells, George Bernar-d Shaw, the Rev. R. J. Camp- bell, Robert Blatchford, and a host of others too numerous to mention, go prcachiiag and writing expounding its principles? Now if "Old Stager" would take the trouble to come over to Boitcn, which is a fair specimen of a Lancashire town, with plenty of religion aind work, I am sure it will do him a power of good. I do not say it is neoassary to work, in order to llive, but every man who lives ought to take his share of the world's work, or cease to live. I presume he has studied Socialism before he has written about its folly, for there are 1-0 many who have written and speken informing the people- of all its, evils as if there are no evils unde, the pre6ent system. I say if only thofo- who wanted to know all abc.ut it would go to those who know, all would be well. But it is not &0; they are content with xist in g cond itions. If you wanted to know what rrade unionism was, would you go to a "blackleg"? Not a biit of it. You would go to the 'unionist. So in the same way go to the Socialist,, not a man under the present sys- tem has got cm by pushing his fellowman down. Sir Oli-ver Ledge, in speaking of this growth of working-class representation in Parliament, says: "The most interesting thing of late is the coming into prominence of the Labour members of Parliament. It seems to me to be the natural outcome cf tho reform Bill of the early 'thirties, but it has been a long time in coming. The people have been slow to recognise their power. They have been told aga.in and agara that they have the power-, but they have been slow to use it, slow to educate themselves to use it wisely. But tho day of reaJisation has come; they now realise that they have this power, and I sincerely hope that this infusion of new blood in the legislature will result tin a. considerable stir and interest., in fresh and wider yiews of things, of human conditions. I think this is a movement* vV?ry much wanted. Things w, getting sta-gnamt arid complicated. A little' new blood will start matters on a simpler basis. I I dre say the now men will make Inistkeo at first. They are not likely to be w"? the beginning. At any rate, they ,ice: genuine and real, and keen for public se? .? I look forward with considerable hope t?o tho ultimate outcome of it. When they g? ?'?ief feet and hands firmly established, as 0,00 fc "et and lian-d-s firmly a6 might put it, they will learn how to wor? the machine they will learn btcauM th?V in earnest. h aJi Colonel Kenyon Slaney, in his spccc* East Denbigh, as an old Parliamentary b said he had been struck very much by appearance in t.he House of Commons of tiC Labour party. They represented v ¡ewe doubt somewhat dissimilar to these o? )? 0-oubt cornewhat di ,-)?i;IDil&r to thc-<? 110 Cnion:d Ixirty on domestic mattc?rs, Ll of believed that when there arose a, quost? .? great national importance, or a great Imp?-, difficulty on anything like a crisis in th? oug cems of the Empire, they would find ?" g the Labour party many a sou?d elip r ter 0' woul d Gacr fic?e party 'for the interests c f would 6a<'rince pa.rty for the interests ?'gt nation and of the Emphe at large. And R. of these men are Socialists, and arc the .? bone of the party. "Old St.a?er" saye ??jtd is leav ng the country, I wish it would tOr)" the capitalist with it. It is the oJd, old c'y. Now, "Old Stager," if you put your tbØ that is if you have any, in a hole 111 ground, and I&ave it there, and in a y??,J? two went to pick it up, would 'it ba? Alado more? Not it, nor would you do it.. would invest it, and thus by not doing ? ? ???- stroke of honest work, would receive ba? terest; and labour would have prod lccdthe int,Nest. Now, under the present "Ystl;?, labour is exploited just to make IDore  dends. The dividend-mongers, by '?:t? nelll, have !llvœted in úerlam profit inaCy in thie country, and have learned, by P11 .^jig their money in the same profit machineabr0^ that they can get more "drvi." They 00, not because of t.he democ,atlc tendencies the Government, nor of the workpeop'?* ? manding a better return for their labour, .? because they want more money; amd it ? flt.rt greed for wealth that w?il bring this '?'??? t?t? to ruin, and ha.9 brought it to its present !I of crime and poverty. ?h?r? Cast your eyes over to Belfast, and va you will see capitalism in all its glory- :hi 0u not PcterIoo and Fea,toorsto taugl" anything? Did not the presence of the   men a short time ago with na?ed sword? ra.ise a feeling of indignation in you' ,t,jp? lieve it did, if the newspapers are &n/ thing to go by. Socia?i?m will remove th?' oett other evils. Also "tJMMe stately holl? of England, how beautIÍuJ they stand, vvj"id, you see in the siumo of a large town. ,i,)i give a Mmpte iHustra.tion. A teacher $Itoas be f ore hia takes a, ro, out of & e, before his class, takes a ro?e. out of ?,, ?t a.nd says "Now divide this among y<?.' once the children begin to tk, a pet&t ??.h, as far as they go, aom? being left ??'????? and ait the end no rose. The teacher expl:  that this ? i capitalism, and to shew ?°?'??)..ch can enjoy I t, takes another rose, &rd P'* ? if it on the table and aaya that is ou-; w? p? 800 it and enjoy it That io Social ism'DO you see it? The dawn appears out fljof, but mœt people do not see for the o'?j?c that hide it from yiew. But it is co-alill", like the tide on the ehore, slow but sure, 0 W?-ho -down the barriers that bar it on its way. be & will stand and help its coming, and I)eso Dreadnoughts in the strife, amd 6631&1; glorious day a coming. teil When none shall lack a share of tile and gain of living; In the days when th& wodd grows fa.'?'   I will now conclude, hoping I have not. ^sr passed too much on your valuable space,aJ^i if "Old litage?? wants to know ?11 f for Socialism, there is a book called "130it.&L. O for the British," by Robert Blatchford, P'? f which will give him what it is and '?"? to attaiin it. J. IloWAP.Tif. Bolton, Aug. 14th.





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