BOARDS OF GUARDIANS. A —— T CHESTER. RELIEF ADMINISTRATION. GOVERNMENT CENSURE. Tne fortnightly meeting of t,he Chester Boaici of Guardians was held. on Tuesday morning, when Mr. T. Butler presided. THE USE OF ALCOHOL. The Rev, William Jones asked how much the guardians spout annually in the use; of alcohol as a drug in the infirmary. He pointed out that- the British Medical Association had condemned its use, and Sir Victor Hoisiey had givon an instance of the decrease in the use of alcohol. Twenty-five years ago £ 300 was speut in one year at a certain infirmary, but only £ 7 was spent jast year. The Clerk (Mr. W. Turnoek): I don't think we have spent £ 5 a year for souio time. I am speaking from memory. RURAL AND CITY RIVALRY. The meeting was attended by Mr. Dansey, Inspector of the Local Government Board, who sat, throughout the hearing of the relief cases. Mr. E. Dean said he hoped Mr. Dansey wouid take note tiiut the Board had wasted three hours over the relief eases of t,lie city, whereas the rural city's had taken only half-an-hour, and they west: often disposed of in ten minutes. (Laughter.) Mr. J. Seller said he objected to that state- ment. They were muah ionger than half-an- hour over the rural cases. Mr Dansey (to Mr. Dean) I think you arc out of order now. (Laughter.) NEW ORGANIST. 1\1r W. R. Williams, Prince's-avenue, or- ganist at St. Martin s Welsh Church, was ap- pointed organic BOARD S EXPENDITURE. INSPECTOR'S SEVERE CRITICISMS. EXTRA V A G A NI V, UILDIN G. Mr. Dansoy said the Local Government Board had sent him down to Chester with reference to the proposal to erect a new wash-house for the imbecile block. The guardians had pro- posed something a good deal larger t-han what was anticipated. The buiid ng suggested was to have forty fool. for washing and dry- mg. That was not t.he sort of thing; he had thought the Board ought to have. It was much too big. He granted that the general wash- house was not sa-tiftfacto.-y, and that the Board wouid have to spend a lifctie money on it He preferred that they Qjould speaid their surplus money oil the genera! wash-houso. He sugges- ted that the marier should bo re.fened to the committee, with instructions to prepare a simpler scheme of somewhat smaller d mentions. They did not want all the detailed arrangements that w♦•re shwn on the present plana. The proposed expenditure was i;VO, and they could meet all requirements for a good deal under £ 200. (Hear, hoar.) In reply tc) Air Sejier, Mr. Dansey said that in every workhouse if, his district far greater part of [he washing was done by weak- minded women. AJr. Diuisoy p.oooeded to draw attention to tho cost of i*el:ef in tho union. He E-aid paupt.-n.sm in Chester stood: a good deal higher than the average of the 41 unions in his district. The percentage of paujierism in the union to the population was three, against an aVeng" of 2.3. The expenditure in relief had iucie^sed by £ 1,058 for a. half year between Lady Day. 2906, and Lady Day, 1905, L755 le- preaonting the increase in out.-reJief. a.nd E303 the increase in indoor rebel'. The number of paupers ieluued on January 1st, 1906, was 1.667, against 1,503 on January 1st, 1905. With the exception of one union, Cheater shewed by far the largest increase in expenditure in the whole 41 union* of his district The state of things Was so serious that the Board ought to con- eider the advisability of appointing a thoroughly practical committee to d'-vise a means of check- ing the growing expenditure, which was caused by a too lax admin stratou of outdoor relief. (Hear, hear.) Several gentl-emeri had that day what a good name the Chester Board bore for kiiidu<«s of heart, and he (Mr. Dansey) had seen a good deal of it that morning. He could 330t help thinking the guardians allowed their *irwiness and sympathy to over-ru'e their judg- Jhctit, and to take, too great a place m the ad- Ifttmsiration of what, were really trust funds. Ihev ought not to allow ?ympathv and k?ndn' ss ￼ to interfere too much with tho administration of the rates, which in many cases were pa d by poople worse off than the paupe;'s røeeivmg relief. (Hear, hear.) There should be some strict rules for the administration of outdoor rolid. Case*' should be dealt with on some fixed principle, and not because thev were advocated by a particular guat dian. Applicants should always lie sure of the same measure of justee, whether tlvo guardians of the particular parish Were p!o?cut or not. Many un'otis adm:n:?- tered rellüt more or Jess accord ing to ru les chosen by themselves, and if the Chester Board went thoroughly into the matter and got their bye ii;ws from more strictly administered unions, they might, be able to t-et up some rules for themselves. In his thuty ycais' experience he had always blind that where there was a iaxi-ty iu the administration of outdoor relief, it in- creased both indoor anil outdoor reJie-f, By administering it. on strict rules. they taught hab of independence to the poor, and taught them io help themselves. The figures of Chester had lot-her start.ied liim, and his attention had been called to them by the Ro\al Commission On Poor Law. who had wanted to know why Cluster figured so large.ly among the highest pauper sed unions in his district. He could not asor.be it entirely to had trade, although they bad passed through some stage of it; but really they were too kind. They need* d to be more Strict in dealing with what, he hoped they would remember were trust funds The matter was so serious tJlat it wanted taking hold of at once, and he hoped they would consder the appoint- ment of a good, sound, practical committee. Mr. E. Okell aid he was p'ea-sed to have been present during the report of the Inspector. Mr. Dansey s remarks were in the same direction every time. Tlie- remarks of a gentleman of such wide experience should bear some fruit, but after two or three nn^iu, s it was all forgotten, and groat Morality with the ratepayers' money was practised in a worse degree than before. The iiK-tease in the union was a b-<d thing for the Jilïa: district, whose roqirivnR'iits were de- oreasi-ig. t »;K« would almost wonder how t-hev could oxist in |present- state of things. They (the rural pr>jf i a! on) were taxed greatly be- yond their ic-fum ments, and they were. tied to Chester in 1IC'h It way that they weie prac- tically I!x tig pauperised. They had the conso- lation that the. Inspector drew attention to the most extravagant guard an. He (lvrr Okoil) Was pleased to hear Mr. Dansey's remarks with regard to the wash-house He thought a prac- tioal JIlan like the chairman of the committee in question would not have rushed the un on into such expenditure, and tie WU- glad he had been brought to iKxdt. He could explain th ngs away so boa uti hty that he was a IJJ;,tSi. piece. (Laughter.) He (Mr. Oknll) looked upon him as one of the greatest mysteries in Chester. He hoped the Board wou'd take some steps to prevent Chester from being made the clumping ground that it Was now. There Wlt- it, doubt thev were imposed upon very greatly, a.nd he would con- gratulate till- Inspector if his remarks had any effect, hut. be was afraid they would not. Mr. W. Vernon su-d he eoukl not let Mr. Okell's speech pass because there was no need to make it a personal matter. It so happened that the very thing the Inspector had suggested wa<s what he (Mi. Vernon) had suggested to the architect. Mr. Okell: Don't explain it away. Mr. Yemen The plans you have had before you are your architect's plólll and not mine. Mr. Ok-cll said they had been prepared from the Bugii" stieii4- of t he committee. Mr. Vernon: I don't see why you should blame 1)1" for it. Mr. Okell I .<'•«■ ;!d think that Mr. Vernon is the most extravagant guardian that ever came helT Mr. Vernon You are welcome to your thought- Mr. Brown s'id he was very glad to Itear the intjjK-ctor's remarks. He had said more than once that the Board-room should be labelled "Benevolent- Institution." The In- spector's sugge.-ti iri icgardintr the appointment of a.committee was the best thing he had heard in that room. Mr. T. Nixon (who had taken Mr. Butler's place in the chair) said the Inspector's visit had been most opportune. The Board needed someone to oall them to order on the subject of relief. They had expected by bringing the relief business before the whole Board to curb the liberal hand of some two or three, who had previously been mostly concerned in the work; but the whole Board had been more ex- travagant than the few referred to. The whole had done more than the few used to do. They were paying more in relief now than during last winter. At the forthcoming revision day they should go systematically into the list. Mr. A. Wolfenden said the out-door relief was one of the blots on the system. Mr. W. Williams remarked that they had been very good in the presence of the Inspector, but three weeks ago anyone would not have thought it was the same Board. For instance, they were now all agreed that they should 'not spend so much on the wash-house; but they were not so agreed w hen they instructed the architect; they were all now agreed that the relief should be curtailed, but they did not do it when the Inspector was not present. He hoped they would take these things to heart. It was noteworthy that Chester was the only Cathedral city in Mr. Dansey's district, and they would find that in Cathedral cities such expanses were heavier than in other towns. He did not know how to account for it. Possibly indiscriminate charity and old charities had something to do with it, and people became educated to them and thought the guardians should do the same. Mr. Vernon suggested that the payment of relief at the house of the relieving officer pre- vented proper supervision. Mr. Dansey said he hated pay stations, be- cause they led to so many impositions. If they were abolished lie would be delighted. The discussion then ended. THE DOOTOR RESIGNS. THE WORKHOUSE SCANDAL. THE OFFICIALS DEFENDED. The Clerk (Mr. Turnoek) read a letter fiom Dr. Archer resigning his pcsiUon as medical ofifcer, in consequence of his leaxing Chester He stated that he had held the position for fourteen years, and he expressed his apprecia- tion of the assistance he had received from the Board in the carrying out ot a system of trained nursing in which he had taken a deep interest, and which had contributed so much to the com- fort and health of the inmates of the hospital. A letter fiom the Leoal Government Board was read on the subject of the re- ent workhouse seari(Lal, as a result of which the guardians had as-ked Dr. Archer and Nurse Reuin. n tu :e siinr. It will be lemembered that a few weeks ago the Board investigated the circumstances of the admittance to the Workhouse of a woman and h"f child who were brought by the N.S.F.C.C. inspector. The inspector, it was fctaced, handed in a report describing their neglected condi- tion, aiki Mrs. Dugdaie (the porterets) admitted them to the cleansing watd of the hospital. The woman and the child were subsequently seen by Nui&e Robinson, who was acting at the time tm beh:-ll ot the superintendent nume in her absence; and she, it was stated, ordered the child's removal back to the receiving ward. The master (Mr. Riley) and the porteross, how- ever, considering the girl e case a proper one for the cleansing ward, sent her back there. Subsequently the girl was seen by the mcdica. offieer (Dr. Aicher), who is stated to have upheld the nurse's action and ordered the child's re- moval again to the receiving ward. The Local Government Board now stated that as Dr. Atelier had resigned there was no necessity for further act.on iu regard to iii» proceedings in the case. Under the circumstances the Board considered the master 6iiouid have telephoned to the medical officer when the case arose, and they did not gather that any serious blame attached to the nurse. The Board also transmitted a copy of Dr. Archei 'b statement to them of his view of the case. Mr. Dansev said he did not think the nurse was very nimh to bian.e. The Guardians had asked her to resign, and if they enforced their resolution they would practically ruin her career. He did not think that any guardians who had fully considered the subject would think that the nurse by her con- duet had merited dismissal- Nurse Robinson had Ixkmi ciilic-d to a easMj, and the port-ercs,> had askeci her whether tilt. we-man and her ch id should go to the hospital. She had replied trIal the cases were not serious enough for and she thought they might be treated in the receiving w-aid. That seemed the whole of he' offence. She had given her opinion rightly o: wrongly. Some years ago the Guardians had gone to the cx[ ense of putting a telephone in. and the master could have telephoned to the medical officer and have got hip reply witheu. over-riding the opinion of the nurse. He hoped the Guardians uotild reconsider that part of the question. Mr. Rc/wc Mo ri-. said he would like the In- spector to know that it was not the unanimous wi-sh of the Board that, the nurse should be asked to resign. He had protested strongly against- it. He had great pleasure in moving that the Boaid withdraw the lot tor calling on the nurse to resign. Mrs. Keith Douglas steoonded. iNlr, Brown wanted to know what the Guar- dians thought of tho report of Dr. Archer. An angry discussion took place, and the J11111:ie wa sinerely criticised. On the motion of Mr. Rowe Morri. seconded by Mrs. Keith Douglas, the resolution of the Board demanding the resignation of the nur,, was withdrawn by nine votes to six. The question of filling the vacant- appointment of medical officer was adjourned to the next meeting, when the subject of making one ap [•ointment for the Workhouse and the Children's Homes will be considered. WIIMIAL. I I he fortnightly meeting was he;d at Claite bridge Workhouse on Wednesday, j.u. T- Davns presiding. 1 A PUBLIC DANGER. I 11 I i?t)))ng the consideration 01 the NJ¡e'f o.se' an application was rnr.de for rcii?f by a youn? man, who, the relieving officer stated, was a member of a family who wer suffering from consumption. At present the marl sold ice cream from a cart to excursionists who visited the dj:> tricT. Mr. Town-send did not consider it very nice that ice cream should be sold by any person under such circumstances. In answer to Mr. Douglas, the relieving oflkc) sad the ice cream was prepared in the s home. Mr. Dougla.s J.c.scribed it as shocking that such a thing shou'd be allowed. The attention of the health authorities ought to be called to the matter. Air. Toii,ii6enci agreed, and said such a pro- cedure was encouraging disease and was most 6erlÜ\lS. It was resolved to allow the man 3s. per week and to write to Dr. Kenyou acquainting liirr. with the circumstances of the case. FINANCE. I From the m!n\lt. of the Finance Committee, which were adopted, it appeared that the fol lowing sums were parsed for payment £5,648 6s. 8d. for county educational }Jurpc. £1,000 towards the building contract, a.nd £500 t-ü- waids anot her erntraet, leaving in the hands of tho treasurer a balance IGs. M R. ROBERTS'S SALARY. I t !h- £ iname Uommittee recommended that I the salary of Mr Roberts, the relieving officer for the Nekton district 1, incr('ed by £ 10. I Consideration was deferred until the next I met; tins. i "J'T,'j) E'fT]Io' n 'I' T'¡ c-I"C' I INTRRESTING STATISTICS. The Clerk r< ad a number oi poor-law returns for the past half-year, which hid been for- warded by the Local Government Board. From these figures it appeared thai the incicase in the number of pauper;, in the Wirral UnÎ-on was 26. The number of indoor C'a"S in 1906 was 208 against 192 in 1905, while the outdoor number twelve month's aeo bei:1 613. There were 56 lunatics during the past h;tlr-year against 49 in 1S05. In regard to the expenditure, the co:t of main- t-nance of pa-uper? their Union WM Is. 2d. per head of the popu'at-ion, against Is. 5fd. for the county of Chester.
ATHLETES PLEASE NOTE.-It i8 of iii- terest to the modern athlete to know that the training diet of ancient times was strictly confined to only those foods which supplied abundant nourishment without taxing the body. Bread, cheese, thin wine, and the small dried currants of I Greece, almost made up the food of the competitor in the ancient games. The prudenc of introducing currants into training dietary is obvious.
r DEATH OF CANON JOHN SCOTT. I- I We regret to record the death of the Rev. Canon J. Scott, rector of Wanstead, and brotiier of the Rev. Canon S. Cooper Scott, of Chester. The sad event took place on Tuesday week with painful suddenness, from heart failure, although he had been very ill. Canon Scott graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge (Junior Optime), in 1859, and was ordained deacon in 1860 and prieet in 1861. In the following year he took his M.A. degree. His first- curacy was in Kendal, where he remained two years, and then took a similar position in Hornsey. In 1865 he became vicar of St. Mary's, Hull, in his own presentation, and eighteen yeare ago he accepted the living of St. John the Evangelist's, Leeds. In 1876 Archbishop Thomson collated him as prebendary of York Cathedral, and at the time of his death he was senior member of the Chapter. In 1898 he was appointed rector of Wanstead. Canon Scott was keenly interested in missions, although he was unable to accept the invitation of the Archbishops of Canterbury and York to beoomo missionary Bishop of Madagascar. He acted as commissary in England for Dr. Soott, Bishop of North China, since 1880, and for Dr. Iliff, Bishop of Shantung, since 1904. He was a cousin of the late Sir George Gilbert Scott, R.A. He had a ;en ap- preciation of art in ecclesiastical architecture, and was often consulted in matters of church restoration. In his personal character, the late Canon was the embodiment of kindness and sympathy, and his geniality was unbounded. He was strenuous in his convictions, and always capable of supporting them by strong argument. His sermons were the work of a man of wide knowledge of humanity and of deep culture, although he carefully avoided any parade of his learning. The eight years in Wanstead en- deared him in the hearts of all his parishioners equally will) those whom he had served in Leeds, Hull, and elsewhere. The funeral took place at Wanstead on Friday, and on Sunday a memorial service was held.
SIIOP ASSISTANTS' UNION. MEETING AT CHESTER. I A mass meeting of the Shop Assistants' Union was held at the Temperance Hail on Monday evening. Mr. J. C. Dititoll f the Chester Branch) presided over a large at- tendance. Among those on the platform were Mr. J. A. Seddon, M.P., Mr. W. Ca;rr, Mr. W. Thomas, Mr Stewart (Dublin), Mr. O'Connor, Mr Teasdill, Miss Margaret Bondfield, etc. The Chairman, in introducing Mr. Seddon to "beautiful Chester," expressed his willingness to sacrifice "Chester's beautiful places" if em- ployment could be found for the three or four thousand in Chester who could not find 'regula.r employment. There were, he said, too many aristocrats on the Council. They wanted the workingmen to be represented on the Council in Chester. They wanted more ptogreseives there. When a Labour member proposed that the poor Corporation employes, who did the roughest and most unhealthy work in Chester, should have a minimum wage, there was not a Liberal or Conservative member who had the manliness to so,, ond the motion. Mr. Stewart, a Dublin trades unionist, moved a resolution supporting Mr. Seddon's amend- ment. to inolude shop ass is Umt.s in the Work- men's Compensation Bill, and urging all shop assistants to join the union. Mr. F. Walker, secretary of the Northern Divisional Council of the Union, Liverpool, seconded. Mr. Seddon, in supporting the motion, urged first of all the necessity of unity among shop assistants. He said the agricultural labourer and the shop assistant were the worst paid labourers in the country, and the reason was that they were both difficult to organise, the former because of the '"squire-archy," and the latter because of "snobccra-ey." In dealing with the prospects in life of a shop assistant, he stated that they had get to be not over-scrupu- ious :n their veracity. They had to be faithful servants—especially in the grocery trade. He knew something about, it. He had served five years in learning the arts and mysteries of the grocery trade, and he knew that there were many occasions when one of the commandments had to be ignored. If rumour were true, many a. plants in the grocery trade would be selling Chisago meat with a new label on it. That would be a new test of their veracity. Refer- ring to the system of "living-in," Mr. Seddon said he oould think of nothing more disgrace- ful to modern civilisation than the condition of women in the distributive trade. Many w. men for a mere pittance had to stand twelve, fourteen or sixteen hours in the vitiated atmos- phere of shops, many being badly ventilated, and lit. by artificial means ail day. It was bad from the point of view of the state, an insult to womanhood, and a scandal and disgrace to Christianity and to our civilisation. Thousands of young men and women were living under eruditions which paled into insigniifcance the condition of the heathen Chinee in the com- pounds of South Africa, and he objected to both. (Applause.) He asked them from moral C'Onsideration and Imperial considerations—(a sneer)—to heip the union to work out the better- ment of the lot of shop assistants in the Nun- try. Mentioning his Parliamentary experiences, Mr. Seddon said he used to think that the gentlemen who left their estates and business for Parliament went there for the interests of the electois only. He had snice been disil- lusioned. He impressed upon his audience the fact that the work of the legislature was done not on the floor of the House of Commons, where the "oratorie.il fire works' tci,,)k place, but in the Grand Committee. The present Govern- ment came into power as the friends of the people, and he was not going to dispute that claim he would leave people to find it out. They expected the Liberals would support the Labour membeie in Parliament. There was Mr. G. C. Coty, M.P. for West C rmv II, who was described as a "good Radical." His epecchcs breathed a spirit and interest for the British worker that commanded his (Mr. Seddon's) re- spect. He had been a ooileague with Mr. Cory on the Committee on the Workmen's Compen- sation Bill, and wh' n amendments were moved from the Labour benchcs, he stood aghast at the somersault Mr. Cory made. He had ap- pealed to the Radical miners of Cornwall to send him as a friend of social and industrial life. When the Labour members moved an amendment, making compensation payable from the dfcte of the injury, Mr. Cory ixse not to support it en behalf of the Radical mine-is of Cornwall, Imt to oppose it on behalf of t.he Coal Owners' Association. Mr. Harmecd- B,inner, the Tory cord-owner, who represented the workingmen cf Everton, got up and sup- ported Mr. Cory. 8hop ¡;:s"istants would have to give up their superior ideas and join hands with the Labour party, with the navvy as well as the skilled engineer. Let them bombard their membar to support them in Parliament. Let them make Mr. Mtmd know that there was a Labr iv party in Chester, including a shop as- sistants' branch. Then let them tell him (Mr. Seddon) that they had dene go, a.nd Mr. Mend wou'd have little peace until he knew the jus- tice of tieir claim. Mr. O'Connor (Chester) moved that the meet- ing approve the Shop Hours' Bill, formulated by the National Union of Shop Assistants, and p'edge itself to support in every possible way that humane measure of justice so necessary to tho* whoso- lives were spent in the trying at- mosphere of shops; and that the meeting place o:i record its protest against- "radius argu- me /I ts. Mr. Teasdill (Chester) seconded. An earnest speech in support of the motion was àc"ínr('d by Miss Margaret Bondfield (London;, who dealt mainly with the "living- in" system. She condemned the custom as in- jurious from a national POillf of v.ew, in that it helped to lower the physique of the nation. Miss Bondfield was no less severe in her critic- isms of '"radius agreements." by which mana- gers undertook that after leaving their present cmployeie they would net accept, another en- gagement, within a specified radius of any of that firm's shops. Mr. W. Carr prop:sed a vote of thanks to the chairman. This was carried, and the Chair- man. in responding, paid a warn: compliment to the editor of the "Observer." In thanking the Press for thc, ':r support, Mr. Dalton said he j wished particularly to thank the editor of the "Observer," who had often gone out of his way to help them. The editor a.nd he were usually supposed t-Q be on different cidi-,s, but when extremes met he hoped he would be re- ceived with a smile. (Applause^
I AGRICULTURE. I GRAND HARVEST WEATHER. To refer to the weather during such a self- evident spell of sunshine as we have experienced of late, other than to place the fact on record, would be superfluous further than to remark that it may be said to be a matter of "harvest home" in Cheshire, and that the extraordinary heat has had, and is having a rather disastrous effect on the pastures and water supplies. The pools and water-holes, which are almost a peculiar feature of the district, have become rapidly depleted, occasioning much inconvenience in many quarters, and as a consequence the wish for rain is almost as emphatic among farmers as it has been with panting humanity in towns. The beat was almost unprecedented, so much so that workers in the harvest fields were obliged in many instances to suspend operations for several hours at a stretch in the middle of the day. During the past week, however, the situa- tion has been considerably modified, cooler winds have prevailed, and the falling of the barometer gives indication of an approaching change, which, if realised, will be much appreciated. At the hearing of a case at the Oswestry Petty Sessions, when a defendant named William Harper, of Edgerley, was fin<X1 £5 and costs under the swine fever orders, Mr. Venables, one of the magistrate, said that owing to the im- portation of pigs from Montgomeryshire there had been a serious outbreak of swine fever in Shropshire, and the Newport market had had to be closed for tho isale of swine. The damage done in Hunts and the adjoining counties by the hailstorm early in August., loriginally estimated at £ 20,000, 15 now stated to exceed treble that amount. A subscription list opened by a relief committee in aid of the sufferers is being liberally responded to. A basket of second crop strawberries of the Black Prince variety, picked in Mid Sussex, was received a few days ago by a West End fruiterer. The tinned meat scare is still influencing the prices of Lancashire cheese and bacon largely in the manufacturing districts. At the Preston August cheese fair an exceptionally large pitch, attracted through the prices obtained at the previous fair, was quickly disposed of at prices shewing a clear advance of 5s. per cwt. on the prices realised at the corresponding fair of last year. Fine quality made from 62s. 6d. to 65s., while several exceptionally fine dairies reached 69s. per cwt. SMALL HOLDINGS IN LINCOLNSHIRE. The Governors of Guy's Hospital, in response to applications for land for small holdings, have set apart ninety acres of a farm at Sutton Bridge. Lincolnshire, for the purpose, and have divided it into plots of from two to ten acrcs each. There .are plenty of applications for these small hold- ings from responsible men, and the land had been let at an average of 50s. per acre. The Hospital Governors have considerable estates at Sutton Bridge, and the recognition of the small holdings movement is regarded with much satis- faction in the district. RAPID TRANSITION. In these go-ahead days, when everybody seems desirous to outstrip his neighbour, the brilliant weather has presented the opportunity for some rapid movements m the harvest field which have been [t fort.h in the Press. Thus we read that on August 2lst. a Mr. P. Bradshaw, of Banb/ry, cut standing wheat at 9.40 a.m. and had bread made from it by 12.30 noon. What renders the achievement more remarkable is the statement that the corn was cut in the old- fashioned way with a "hook," threshed with a "flail," ground with otorte.,i in an old water mill, and the bread baked in a brick oven with faggots. It is added, too, that the bread was "exoc-lleiit. THE ROYAL BENEVOLENT INSTITUTION Sir Walter Gilbey has issued his annual appeal to the clergy arid ministers of all denomina- tions for contributions to the fund of the Royal Agricultural Benevolent Institution, which now maintains 1,247 pensioners at an annual cost of £ 24.276. Of these è73 are from 30 to 96 years of age, and 598 from 70 to 80. At. the last election, in June, 1906, there were left out. in the cold no fewer th.an 213 distressing cases which could not be dealt with for want of funds. Owing to the altered state of agriculture, Sir Walter adds, by way of emphasis, it its be- coming increasingly difficult for the farmer to gain a livelihood, and there are annually hun- dreds of brave men and women of the farming class who have to face ruin. His Majesty the Kiiig, w h o liiii a,wLLy,: rti n. H Maj' e6tv the King, who has always been closely associated with and deeply interested in agriculture, once said, when presiding, at an anniversary of the institution: "The cleverest farmers, men who understand their business, may, in consequence of bad seasons, failing crops, loss of stock, and a variety of other causes, find themselves re-' duoed from a state of comparative wealth and prosperity to one of abject poverty." Con- tributions should be sent to the secretary (Mr. C. B. Shaw), 26, Charles-street, St. James's, j London, S.W. CROP PROSPECTS. The Board of Agriculture and fisheries has. just issued its summary of the crop proopects up till August of the present year. Harvest generally started somewhat, later than last year. The supply of labour i.s, on the whole, sufifcient, but some districts in the Nortdi of England and in Wales report a. deficiency. Wheat and barley appear in each division of Great Britain to be over an average, whiio oats arc slightly over average in all divisions with the exception of the north and north-western division of England and the east of Scotland. Potatoes may be reckoned as slightly over average, and the pros- pect for the root crops is favourable. Mangolds generally promise better than turnips. The hay crop is reported as deficient in the eastern, north- eastern, south-eastern. and east midtand I oounties. while the yield in the WeISt midland and soutii-western counties will barely reach an average. In the north and north-western counties, Wales and Scot-land the crop is dis- I tinctly over an average. Apples are fairly plentiful, but stone fruit and pears are a failure. Hops arc the worst crop of the year. Siiin- marising the reports, and representing an average crop by 100, the appearance of the crops in August indicates a yield for Great Britain as a whole which may be represented by the following percentages:—Wheat. 105; barley,, 104; oats, 102; potatoes. 101; roots, 105; hay, I 101.
SIMPLE GRAZE ON SKIN I TAKES BAD WAYS; ZAM-BUK CURES. I The danger of disease and poisoning develop- ing in trifling abrasions of the skin is proved in the experience of Mr. Thomas Roberts, of 131, C^ rocket Road, Handeworth, Birmingham, who writes:— Whilet working my Jeg got a nasty wound, the shin bone being grazed for come distance up the leg. On the following day it. was very painful, so I went to the medical man attached to the works. lIe gave me a box of ointment, which I kept using for two weeks, but the infla.mmation got worse every day. The doctor I stopped the ointment. I then dressed it with a lotion, day and nihr., for four weeks. The princip? wound still kept getting Jarger, and the extended bruiee also began to break into running wounds. Another medical man advised me to lie up. By th;a time there were several wounds and holes in my leg, Well. after hearing the new doctor's advice I dressed the leg with Zam-Buk, and had the first, night's sleep I had had for six weeks. I kept on with dressing? of Zam-Buk, night and morning, and the pain and inflammation got less dailv. Finally the wounds became quite clean, and my leg strong and free from pain. My leg is now healed ali over, and there is a new healthy skin on."
-h CHESHIRE AGRICULTURAL SHOWT.— I The Champion Prize Cheese and moat of the First Prize Dairies, including the Duke of Westminster's Special Prize of a Silver Cup for The best Cheese in the Show, were purchased by. Messrs. Thompson, Son &Clemence, CLeesefactors and Provision Merchants. 10 Northgate-street, 17. Eastgate-streot. 16, Foregate-street, and 1, Market Hall. Chester. IT IS JUST POSSIBLE | tna* you tailed to read the "Cominon Sense" leaflet about tinned food delivered at your door I this week. Don't miss the next. It is headed" Coiumon Sense.* I
THE TATTED HALL SHOW. 1 FINE AND VARIED EXHIBITS. One of the largest and most attractive local shows in Cheshire is that promoted by the Tat- tenhall Dairy, Horticultural, Poultry, and Pigeon Society, whose annual exhibition took place on Wednesday. Originally a show con- fined practically to poultry and pigeons, this at Tatteiihali has made gratifying progress dur- ing recent yeaie, thanks to a generous measure of public support, and its scope has been so ex- tended that it now embraces, as the society's title indicates, exhibits of dairy produce, horti- culture, roots, poultry, pigeons and honey. To organise competition in such a variety of de- partments is certainly an ambitious enterprise to undertake by a purely local body, especially where the entries of exhibits are confined, as in this case, to the circumscribed radius of ten miles. The venture, however, has been amply justified by its results, and every section of the show on Wednesday was a pleasing revelation of the results from a skilful cultivation cf the soil, and of the successful work of local agri- culturists and fanciers. In the aggregate the entries were a considerable advance in numbers upon last year, for whik those of poultry and pigeons were fewer, on account of a reduction of the area of oompet.tion, the horticultural and dairy exhibits were much more numerous. Prizes of the value of £120, in addition to numerous special trophies, were offered. A suit- able sit-e for the show was found in the Flacca Field, picturesquely situated at the foot of the Broxt-on Hiil, and commanding a charming view of the Dee Valley and the Welsh moun- tains. With the advantage of fine and sunny weather, a large number of visitors attended the show, among them being Lady Arthur Grcs- venor, Mr. R. H. Tilney (the society's presi- dent), Mr. George Barbour, Air. Robert Bar- bour, and Mr. Harry Barnston. Cheese made a very prominent display, every class producing a numerous entry. Some of the most, sueoessful Cheshire makers reside within the society's district, and thus the general character of the dairies was very high. All were sound, well made and fine looking lots, and although the weather has been exception- ally trying for the keeping of cheese, there were surprisingly few in the show that, be- trayed any signs of defective flavour. Not only were they generally of clean flavour, but some of the lots appeared to possess good keeping properties. The farmers' open cla-ae contained upwards of forty-one entries, and the judges best-owed their premier award upon Mrs. Sal- mon, of Cheavetey, a well-known maker, who took the champion prize at the recent Malpas show. Mr. Edward Cookson. Poulton, who stood pre-eminent at the Cheshire show, last week, had here to take a second place, not- withstanding that his cheese came from the same dairy as that which won at Chester. The horticultural section was a very attrac- tive feature, being a pleasing development of the show. Roots were of such extraordinary merit tliat, the judges found great difficulty in making awards, the uniform high quality being evidenced by the fact that several extra prizes had to be awarded. These exhibits, indeed, were pronounced superior to those at the Cheshire show. Globe mangolds, swedes, and potatoes weie perhaps the finest features. In flowers a notable prize-winnor was Lady Arthur Grcevenor. whose exhibit of table fruit and cut flowers- was much admired. Asters, stocks, hardy annuals, and sweet peas were highly meritorious. Arnong the fruit apples were perhaps the finest feature, pears, plums, and tomatoes being also of excellent quality. Red cabbages, carrots, peas, parsnips, and beet- root were the outstanding features of the vege- tables. A pretty horticultural feature was the table on which was displayed the silver and other trophies. T hie, wae chitrntingly decorated by Mr. Mosfbrd with sweet Ixm, orchid, aster, sinilax, begonias, and trailing fern, with a ccntre of gypsop-hila. Poultry and pigeons, though net. so numerous as on former occasions, made a creditable show, some capita.! birds being seen in bot.h sections. Mr. J. Sumner, who took the first with Minor- oas at the Cheshire show, received a first and three specials; while Mr. Lightfoot, who took a third at Chester, was awarded a first and special with a white Plymouth Rock. Appended are the names of the judges:- Poultry, Mr. George Faulkner, Rowton; pigeons, Messrs. S. G. Dutton (Nantwichl and T. Mawdsley (Soufchport) rabbits, Mr. G. C. Dutton butter, Mr. T. B. Cooke. Tattenhall; dressed poultry and eggs, Mr. Geo. Faulkner; Mr. Cxcx). Faiillrier; honey, Mr. G. W. Dutton horticulture, Messrs. 0. Roberts and C. Sprackling; gar- dens, Messrs. W. Warburton and H. Woolley; decorated wands, Mrs. Tilney. The stewards were: -Poult, Messrs. R. Clarke, G. Lightfoot, F. Faulkner, A. New- port and H. Sadler; pigeons. Messrs. R. Clarke, G. Light-foot, F. Faulkner, A. Newport and H. Sadler; horticulture, Messrs. J. Jackson. E. Rutter, J. 1-1. Salmon, F. Walker and G. Mor- gan. The Christleton Prize Band provided music during the afternoon, and played for dancing in the. evening, when the grounds were prettily illuminated.The following gentlemen acted as a committee of management: Messrs J. Light foot (chairman), J. Aldersey, J. Blake. G. H. Bodden. Dr. Brierley. J. Breen. P. Bate, T. B. Cooke, R. H. Cooke, Percy Cooke, R. Clarke, F. Faulkner. T. Hopley, Jae. Jackson, John Jackson, W. Jones, T. Lea. G. Morgan, A. Newport. J Roberts, Earl Rutter, Hugh Rutter, Hedley Sadler, J. H. Salmon, Rowland Willis. R. Woolley. Frank Walker. W. Warbur- ton hon. treasurer, Mr. T. Bat.eman. The I secretarial duties were ably discharged by Mr. J. Sumner. LIST OF AWARDS. POULTRY I Modern game (hen): 1 and 3, H C. Burley, Waverton; 2. Parker Bros., Bradley, Whit- church. Inlfan game (cock) 1, E Milton. Bel- grave, Pulford; 2. H Dewhurst, Sandiway, Northwich; 3. H. I,. Sadler. Newton, Tatten- hall c, C. M. Nicholson, Mollington. Indian game (hen): 1 and v he, C. M. Nicholson; 2 and 3. H. Dewhurst. Plymouth Rock (cock): 1. J. Lightfoot; 2. J. Pennington. Heswall; 3, H. A. Dykes. Bungalow. Bromborough. Ply- mouth Rock (hen): 1. J. Pennington; 2, A. Myatt, Waverton; 3. O. Greening. Orpington (cock) 1. Ali-s. W. A. R. Heaven 2, D. Kinsey; 3, and v h c, H. Dewhurst; he, J. W. Parker and Sons. Malpas. Orpington (hen): 1. Mis. W, A. R. Heaven; 2, J. Lightfoot; 3 and r. H. Dew- hurst. Wyandotte (oocfc) 1, Geo. Maniey; 2, H. Dewhurst; 3, J. C. Pritchard. Stainford Bridge; li c, J. Mosford, Tattenhall. Wyan- dotte (hen): 1, J. C Pritchard; 2, H. Dew- burst; 3, A. White; vh e, Allen Newport. Tat- tenhall h c. J. Mosford Parker Bros Minorca (cock): 1 and 2, J. Sumner. Tattenhall; 3, T. B. Cooke. Tattenhall; vhe, Geo. Maniey. Minorca (hen): 1. Geo. Maniey; 2. 3 and vhe, J. Sumner. Black Leghorn (cock): 1, 2 and he. A. White; 3, J. C. Pritchard. Black Leg- horn (hen): 1, 2 3 and he. A. White Leghorn, any other colour (cock) 1. 2 and v h c, T. B. Cooke. Tattenhall; 3. Miss A Barbour, Boles- worth Castle; h c. J. Light.foot Leghorn, any I other colour (lien): 1 and 2, W. Wright; 3, R Willis. (Amalgamated)—Any other variety (coe-k or hen): 1 and 3. R. Clarke, Tarporley; 2, H. Dewhurst: 3 Paiker Bros. Chickens, hatched in 1906 (cockerel): 1, R. Clarke 2. Mrs. W A. R. Heaven; 3. J Sumner; vi e, H. Dew- hurst; he. Thos. llan. Tattenhall, and J. W. Parker and Sons. Chickens. hatched in 1906 (puilet) 1, R. Clarke; 2, C. M. Nicholson; 3, J. Pennington. Heswall; r. Mrs. W. A. R. Heaven; v h c, J. C. Pritchard and J L'ght- foot; he. H. Dewhurst. Selling class, not to exceed 20s (cock). 1. H. Dew buret ■ 2. R. Clarke; 3, G. H Bodden, Handley. Selling class, not to exceed 20s. (hen) 1, R. Clarke 2, II. Dewhurst; 3. J. C. Pritchard. Duck or drake, any variety: 1. R. Cotgrave; 2, Parker Bros 3, D. Adorns. Game bantams (cock): 1. James Braster; 2, Chatlev Newport; h c, F. Howell. Game bantams (hen): 1, Brookfield; 2, Parker Bros. 3. F. Howell. PIGEONS. Show homer, bred before 1906 (cock or hen) 1. George H. Bodden. Handley; 2 and 3, P. McGowan. Tumbler (cock or hen) 1 and special. Walter Johnson. Traffo-.d; 2, George H. Bodden; 3, E. J. Bather; vhe and he. C. Ball, Aldford. Tippler (cock or hen): 1, E. J. Bather. Turbit or frill (cock or hen): 1 and v li c, J. B. Piggott, Waverton; 2 and he, G. II Bodden; 3, T. Woodward, Duddon. Dragon (cock or hen): 1, J. Ramsden; 2 and 3, J. Light- foot. Any other variety (cock): 1 and special, T. Woodward, Duddon; 2, Walter Johnsoui 3, v h c and h c (twice), Geo. H. Bodden. Selling class, price not to exceed 20s. 1, Walter John- son 2 and 3, Geo. Baker; vh c, J. Ramsden. Flying Homers. Blue cheq., black cheq., or pied, cock bred before 1906: 1, C, Ball, Aldford 2 and 3, Geo. H. Bodden; v h c, J. H. Seaville. Bunbury; he, A. Powell, Malpas; c, R. Elston, Bun- bury. Blue cbeq., black cheq., or pied, hen bred before 1906: 1, G. H. Bodden; 2, J. Par- ker, Eaton, Chester; 3, C. Ball; vhe. W. Smith, junr. he, J. H. Seavilie. Blue cheq, black cheq., or pied, cock bred in 1906: 1 and 2, G. H. Bodden; 3, R. Pritchard, Beeston; v h c, M. J. Pleavin; he, J. Parker; c, A. Newport. Blue cheq., black oheq., or pied, hen bned in 1906: 1 and 3, G. H. Bodde-n; 2, G. Totty; v h o, R. Pritchard; h c and c, J. Par- ker. Red cheq. or mealy, cock bred before 1906: 1, J. Parker; 2, G. H. Bodden; 3, W. Smith; v h c, C. Ball; lie, G. H. Bodden; c. A. Powell. Red oheq or mealy, hen bred be- fore 1906: 1 and 2, George H. Bodden; 3. C. Ball. Red cheq. or mealy, cock bred in 1906: 1, cup, special and 3, G H. Bodden; 2, C. Ball. Red c-heq. or mealy, hen bred in 1906: 1 and 2, G. H. Bodden; 3, C. Ball. Blue or other colour, any age (cock or hen): 1, 2 and 3, G. H. Boddea. Local Classes (Radius three miles from shew). Any colour, cock bred before 1906: 1. G. H. Bodden; 2, A. Newport; 3, T. Hopley. Any colour, hen bred before 1906: 1, G. H. Bodden; 2, F. Faulkner; 3. A. Newport. Any colour, cock bred in 1906: 1 and special. T. Hopley; 2, G, H. Bodden. Any colonr, hen bred in 1906: j 1, cup. 2 and 3. G. H. Bodden. Flying cJa-ss, for birds having flown from Worcester (68 miles) 1 (silver cup), R. Pritchard; 2, R. Pritchard; 3, E. Ackerley. RABBITS. Angora, buck or doe: 1. L Fletcher, Malpas; 2, R. Elson. Bunbury; 3 A Badger, Tarpor- ley; vhe, Mts. Braoegirdle. Harbhill Belgian Hare. buck or doe: 1 and special, Hedley Sad- ler; 2, Mrs. Tilney, Tattenhall 3, D. Adams; r. Master A. Tilney, Tattenhall. Any other variety, buck or doe: 1, E Davies; 2, 3 and r, L. Fletcher; v h c, P. McGowan. CHEESE. Farmers' open class.—Two cheese, any colour or weight, made by the exhibitor; 1st prize, a silver tea. service value lOgs. or over, given by the fanners in the district, per Mr. Earl Rut- ter; 2nd prize, a valuable silver cup presented by Mr J Mosford, The Righi, Tattenhall; 3rd prize, a valuable silver medal, presented by the chairman, Mr. J L'ghtfoot: 1, Mrs. Salmon, Cheaveley; 2, Edwin Cookson. Poulton, Pul- ford; 3 J. A. Jackson. Bolesworth Hall; r, Mrs. Mosford. Tattenhall; vhc, Ernest Jones. Car- den; b c, J. M Pickering. Broxton. W. Lee, Graves Farm, Malpas; c, F. D. Pickering. Handiev, Herbert Jones Aldersey. J. Blake, CaiveJey Hall. Two cheese, any colour or weight, made by th" exhibitor; 1st prize, a silver cup (the winner to hold it for twelve months), and the winner will also receive a handsome silver medal; 2nd prize JB2, 3rd prize £ 1. This class is given by Mr. Geo Barbour, of Bolesworth Castle, and is open to tenants on •flit: Bolesworth estate only: 1. J. A. Jackson, B<)'+-Ni,ort.ii 2, J Jackson Chowley; 3. Earl Rutter. Tattenhall; r, W. Lee, Tattenhall; v h c. T. Hopiev, Tattenhall; h c. Thomas Lea, ) Tattenhall; c Miss Darrock. Tattenhall. Two cheese, un coloured, any weight, made by the exhibitor: 1. J. A- Jackson, Bolesworth; 2, T. iv Spencer, Handley; 3. J. Moore, Codding- ton r, John Jackson, Chowley; vhc, George Walley, junr., Bic-kerton; he. Hugh Rutter, Aldersey, Mrs. Salmon. Cheaveiey; c, S. Griffiths. Tattenhall, E Wilson, Glutton, W. Evans. Gatesheath. Two cheese, coloured, any weight, made by tho exhibitor: 1. J. E. Jones. Haughton; 2. J A. Jackson. Bolesworth; 3, M-s. Moefo. ,d, Mrs. Mosford, Tattenhall; r, F. D. Pickering, Handley; vhc, H. Rutter. Aldersey; he, Mrs. Salmon, Cheaveley. P. Dutton. Hargrave; c, J. Jac-kson. Chowley, J Dutton, Stretton, Wm. Lee. Malpas. Two ahcese, any colour or weight, the exhibitor not to hold more than 50 acres of land: 1. J. T. Benson. Broxton; 2, William Larg-c. Bunbury; 3. Mrs. Clutton. Haughton; r, George West, Haughton; v h e, William Pen- nington. Spurstow; he. Robert Walker, Mil- ton Gn. J Ootgrave. Green Looms; c, Ar- thur Lea. Burwardsiey, i, raiiic wiKUng, .Dtitx^u^i, Arthur Woollam, Tattenhall. Two cheese, any colour or weight, tho exhibitor not to have won a fiist or second prize at this show previously 1, J. W Pickering, Edge: 2, J. Moore. Ccd- dington; 3, J. Dutton, Stretton; r, E. Carr, Tattenhall; v ii c. W. H Latham, Bickley h c, W. Pennington. Spurstow. Geo. Walley, junr.. Bickerton; c, Sidney Den son, Churton Heath. BUTTER. Two pounds of butter, made in single pounds, slightly salted 1, Mi's Ashiey, Tilston 2, Mrs. Stokes; 3, Mrs. J. Jones. Green Looms; r, Mrs. P. Skicfcmore, Sandiway; v he. Thomas Jack- son. Hampton; c, Mrs.. Carr, Hargrave. Cottagers. Two pounds of butter, made in single pounds, slightly salted: 1, Mrs. J, Jones, Waverton; 2, Mrs. Ankers; 3, Mrs. Du tiers, Clay ley; r, Miss ivefelb DRESSED POULTRY. Pa.ir of ducks, hatched 1906 1, Mrs. J. Jones; 2. Miss St-udlev; 3, Thos. Walker; r. Mrs Rowe. Pair of poultry, hatched 1906: 1, Miss E Darrock; 2. Mrs. J Jones; 3, Miss Jack- son h c, Charles Brookfield. EGGS Six white eggs, single yo'ks: 1, Mis. Sumner; 2. Miss Jackson; 3, Geo Manley; r, F. A. Hanks; he. George West. T. Jackson. Six coloured eggs, singio yolks 1. Edward Holland 2, R. Clarke; 3, Miss Studley; r, G. F. Ben- eon. HONEY. For Cottagers (these two classes arc kindly given by Mrs. Barbour, Jkuesworth Castle) Six lib. jarsexttacted honey: 1, W. Johnson; 2. John Reeee; r, Fred Dutton; he, T. 0. Roberts S:x sections of comb honey: 1. John Reeee; 2, C. Brookfield. Open Claa&-Six lib. ja.rs of extracted honey 1 W. Johnson; 2, E. Maxwell; b c, R Dutton, William Rooce; c, John Griffiths, r. O. Roberts, P. Nickson. Six sections of comb honey 1 and 2, W Reeee. HORTICULTURAL. FLOWER AND FRUIT DEPARTMENT. ROOTS. Six red mangolds: 1, J. Nicholas; 2. T. Ardern; 3, T. Jackson: r. C. Gregory. Six yellow mangolds: 1, J. Nicholas 2, C. Gregory; 3. T. Ardern; 4, T. Jackson 5, George Mosford; r, S. Jackson. Six swede turnips: 1. J. Nicholas; 2, A. Greenway; 3, C. Gregory; r,. F. Ardern. Six round potatoes: 1, L. Fletcher; 2, George T. Jones; 3, 0. Dutton. Six kidney potatoes: 1, A. Mosford; 2, George T. Jones; 5, L. Fletcher. FLOWERS. Table Fruit and Cut Flowers. Fruit, six dishes, table decoration: 1, J. Mosford; 2, Miss Blako; 3, Miffi Lightfoot. Table fruit and cut lfowers: 1. Lady Arthur Grosvenor. T hree geraniums: 1, J. Mosford. Single specimen plant: 1, J. Mosford; 2, Lady Arthur Gros- venor. Sbigle window piant- (cottagers). 1, Thomas Chester: 2, H. Morgan. Four cactus dahlias: 1, L. Fletcher: 2. T. Jackson. Four double dahlias: 1. P. Nickson 2. L. Fletcher. Six hojvhoc!? (three distinct colours) 1, J. Piggott 2. C. Brooked. Six cut œe,. 1, Ladv Arthur Grosvenor; 2. R. Wc<?dward. Six '?terr. (?x colours) 1. J. Mosford; 2, L. Fietcher. Six stocks (six co1oun»: 1. T. Mayers; 2. J. Dunning. Collection of perennials (six varieties): 1, A. Dutton 2, J. Mosford. Collection of annuals: 1, Lady Arthur Gros- venor; 2, L. Fletcher. Six pansies: 1. R. Wood- ward 2. Lady Arthur Grosvenor. Sweet peas (six colours) 1, L. Fletcher; 2, the Rev. F. W. Jones. Six asters (for cottagers): 1. G. J. Jones; 2, R. Woodward. FRUIT. Six dessert- apples: 1, G. Faulkner; 2, J. Evans. Six kitchen apples: 1, C. Gregory; 2, A. W. Aston. Six dessert- pears: 1. C. Gregory 2. L. Fletcher. Six cooking pears: 1, Mrs. Mosford, Hatton 2 (equal). J. Evans and T. Wright. Six dessert plums: 1. T. B. Cooke; 2, J. Grindley. Six culinary plums: 1. L. Fletcher; 2. Mrs. Robinson. Six tomatoes: 1, J. Mosford 2, Mrs. Robinson. VEGETABLES. Six spring onions: ] C. Gregory; 2, G. Mos- ford. Six autumn onions: 1. O. Dutton; 2. C. Gregory. Six table turnips: 1, R. Woodward; 2, P. Nickson. Twelve peas: 1, L. Fletoher; 2, J. Grindley. Twelve runner beans: 1, T. Mayers; 2, P. Niokson. Two white cabbages: 1, Lady Arthur Grosvenor, 2L W. Pierce. Two red cabbage: 1, G. Mosford; 2, T. Jackson^ Two cauliflowers: 1, G. T. Jones; 2, L. Fletoher. 1 wo savoys: 2, R Woodward. Two vegetable marrows: I, A. Mosford; 2, R. Woodward. Six parsnips: 1, A. Mosford; 2, W. Pierce. Two sticks celery (red or pink): 1, W. Pierce; 2, P. Nickson. Two sticks celerv (white): 1, A. Mosford; 2, G. T. Jones. Six Beet: 1, W. Pieroe; 2, W. Crump. Two cucum- bers: 1, T. Jackson; 2, Lady Arthur Grosvenor, GARDEN PRIZES. Best and neatest lfower gardeia-cottagers (prizes kindly given by Mic. Tilney): 1, James Morris; 2, Charles Powell. Beat and neatest, kitchen gardeii-oottagexs (prizes kindlv given by the president, Mr. R. H. Tilney); l, laaao Dunning; 2, David Kinsey. Bouquet of wild ?wer? (children): 1, M. Rutter; 2, K. Mor?u; 3, E. Rutter; 4 B. Will ttingti;ini v b c, A. Wright; he, H. PJeavin and Frank Morris. Ladies, Decorated wands- 1, Mrs. Arthan; 2, Mrs. Breen; 3, Mrs. Light- foot.
I SCARCITY OF MILK. A Owing to the continuance of the great heat, and the. prolonged dry sdasan, considerable anxiety prevails among dairymen as to the sup- plies of milk. It is not improbable that there will be an increase of prices this week, unless a sudden change in the weather occurs. In- deed. in some parts of the metropolis prices have been already raised. The manager of a iarg« dairy company explained on Monday that there woie, about 6,000,000 of people iu London, almost every one of whom bad to he supplied, on an average, with a halfpenny worth of milk twice each day. The cows had to be kept in the country, and required very capful handling. The milk was brought by train, and in twelve hours from milking it would go sour. Hun- dreds and thousands of gallons of milk must have been lost by dairymen siuoe this great heat oame. Customers complained about the. mi but if they would jiast think of these things for a minute they might, appreciate some of tlie difficulties of maintaining the supply. People were returning to town every day. Or- ders had had to be reduced whilo London was "half empty," but what would happen with London full and ttie supply as unsatisfactory as it is at present might be imagined. Farmers in South Essex are oomplaining bit- terly of the continued drought, and unless rain falls it is stated that the price of milk will ad vance. Many ponds w-hieh have yielded water for years have been completely dried up The river Rom, which pacjws through Romford has entirely ceased to flow. Otily recently the iocai authority completed the work of wiueiuug the High-street Bridge ovor t-he river to prevent flooding. In Lee d s milk is becoming very scarce, and prices are being ad vanocd, In Nottingham and district, owiog to the oon- tinued drought and the short-nesn of keep, milk dealers have been obliged to mise bht- prioe of that commodity from lid. to lfd. per pint, and are still unable to riwet all the demands of their customers. The pastures aire entirely burnt up, and farmers are feeding tbtar cattle on fodder. In many cases water has to be carried long dis- tances for drinking purposes. The prolonged drought in Leicestershire is causing serious losses to graziers. The pastures have been burnt up by the heat, and are now brown and bate, and too stock have to be fed with hay almost as much as in early winter. Stocks of new hay are being out in all direc- tions. and this will mean a shortage of keep during the winter months. New hay is mak- ing as much as 3s. 7d. per cwt.. and it is very ra-re indeed for new hay to be sold so early in the season. The milk supplies have fallen off largely, and dairy farmers who are under con- tracts to supply milk dealers at a fixed price are losing heavily. They have to expend more on the keep of the animals, while the yield has fallen off more than a gallon per head per day. The greatly advanced prices paid by consumers do not rca-ch the dairy farmers, who in some cases have to buy milk at lid. and Is. per gal- lon to fulfil their contract engage- ments at 7d. per gallon. Efforts cut \.r, e- mwJ. m nr dealers to meet the farmers in the matter of price, but so far without success. The farmers submit that, as the drought is a "visitation of providence' or "an act of God," they ought to be absolved from the strict enforcement of their contmcts. Instead of making a profit; many dairy farmers are losing from £20 to £ 40 per week on their contracts—The scarcity of the milk supply in the Manohester district is bringing about serious inconvenience On the part of tl>e wholesale "milk dealers there is & deposition to throw the blame on the farmers. They say the farmers of Cheshire and Derby- shire have combined to mcrease the output of oheose, and this policy leads to the withdrawal of milk from the market. consequence is that milk purveyors are pin in a very awkward position in many cases they are paying much more than the ordinary prices in order to sup- ply their customers. An effort is being made by the farmers to secure winter prices for milk before October 1. the date on which the change is usually made. MANCHESTER PRICES RAISED. The m:lk sellers of Manchester decided on Wednesday night to raise at onoe the retail price of milk. A meeting of the Manchester and Salford Milk Dealers' Association was held in the Balmoral Restaurant, Deansgafe, and the situation was discussed at some length. It was eventually deo'dod to rai se t prioe of milk one halfpenny per quart, commencing on Monday next. The price of milk varies in the districts covered by the association, but. the average price is 3d. per qu-art in the summer and 3d. in the winter. It is the custom of milk dealers to raise the price one halfpenny per quart for the winter months, commencing on October 1, so that the advance by the association this year has been made three weeks earher than usual, although in some districts of Manchester dealers raised the price last Sunday Mr Haiiwood, who presided over too meet- ing, informed a representative of the "Man- chester Guardian" that the milk supply of forty farmers in and around Cheshire has dropped 30 per rent. in one month. The scarcity is due principally to the fact that during the hot weather people have consumed more milk food than animal food. and now that preservativea cannot be usetH milk turns sour sooner. CHESHIRE FARMER GETTING A SHILLING A GALLON. The shortage in the supply of muk which has resulted from the scorching of the pastures has had the effect of sending up wholesale prices in Cheshire. Where farmers are not bound by con- tracts, they are being paid as much as 9d. and lOd- a gallon for milk sent away to large towns. One farmer in the Nantwich district is being paid a shilling a gallon for his week-end milk. The contract prices generally range from 6id. to 7d. per gallon during the summer months. In explanation of the milk famine, a dairyma remarked on Tuesday that the cows were drink- ing more than they were eating, but should there be a few showers of rain the famine would be over.
MAZAWATTEE TEA Recalls the delicious MAZAWATTEE TEA Teas of MAZAWATTEE TEA 30 years ago. MAZAWATTEE TEA Sold by all Grocers. GOODS TRAIN ABLAZE.—At eight o'clock on Friday night an exciting incident occurred at Winsford Junction, on the London and North- Western main line from Liverpool to Crewe. A special goods train from Mold Junction to Chester was nearing the signal box, when it was noticed that the truck nearest the engine was blazing furiously. An alarm was immediately gi ven, and all haste was made to detach the truck, which was laden with telegraph poles, and lodge it in the siding lefore the arrival of a passenger train from Liverpool which was due In a few minutes this was admirably accomplished, and the train passed safely. Tho truck burned furiously for several hours. TO MOTHERS.—Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup lias been used over fifty years by mil- lions cf mothers for their children while teething, with perfect success. It will relieve the poor sufferer immediately. It is pleasant to taste; it produces natural quiet sleep, by re- lieving the child from pain, and the little cherub wakes up "as bright as a button." Of all cbemiets, la, lid. per bottle