TIPYN 0 BOB PETtf." twDO JlOf RBCBMASK-S iltu Tim oinswos OU-a YD I I. bi wtrraas is tai& colemk.] A Llangollen ratepayer, who writes as "a remainder of a bye-gone generation who lags superfluous on the stage," writes to say he is much amused at the modernized version of the three tailors of Tooley Streetsix roadmen of Castle Street he phrases it-pre- sented by the Council workmen's strike at Llangollen. At-, the -same,tiMe"L he says, he would like to correct a .suggestion to the effect that the late Mr. Kenrick Jones, who acted !t? surveyor and rate-collector to the Urban Council for 30s. a. week and declined an offer of more on the grounds that the wor? wasn't -Worth it," was the pioneer of low wages, official and otherwise, at Llangollen. If." he says, you will turn up the minutes of the proceedings of the Local Board in 1874 (February 11, Mr. Fell presiding—I remember the, meeting) you will find the following in- cluded: "The Clerk read a large number of applications from various gentlemen for the vacant position of surveyor. These were eventually brought down to three and Mr. Peter DaVies, Castle Street, was appointed to perform ail the various offices for a sum of £ 45 per annum." The correspondent adds I that. there was quite as much work attached to the position then as now; the population I being precisely the same whilst, on the other hand, a large part of, the road-work is now attended to by. the Countv Council. At the next monthly meeting of the Board, the min- utes state: It was ordered that Inspector Humphreys be paid £5. for the five months he acted as nuisance inspector. These duties were merged in those of the £ 45 appoint- ment." I don't know what the writer desires to ixrove, but give his informa,tipn for what it is worth. I # #v ￼ cont?rib- There is a further paragraph in his contrib- ution, referring t urban affairs of nearly half- a-oentury ago, which is interesting. Again he states, he quotes from the minutes of the Local Board.-for, 1874--how and where he had access to them would be interesting to know: The Gas Company submitted terms for light- ing,,38 lamps during the winter months. The amount required was £ 44 17s. The Board had intended to put in two additional lamps —one at the corner of the street near the new Board Schooils and another at the corner of John Street, but the Gas Co. declined to lay their, mains to this point, whereupon Mr. Bicfaard Griiffths proposed that a paraffin lamp should be placed there and a register kept, and if this was found" to be suitable that they should dispense with gas altogether for lighting the streets; the Surveyor (Mr. Peter Davies) being instructed to provide the necessary lamp. This extract is interesting, as showing; lighting difficulties at Ll&n- gollen are by no means modern affairs they existed long before the coming of the electric light. There does not appear, however, to have been any record kept of the result of the experiment with the paraffin la.mp which it was one of the Surveyor's duties to provide &nd, doubtless, to trim and keep burning. If my' correspondent has any authentic infor- matics on the point it ehbuld prove interest- ing. » A third extract, which the correspoadent, already, quoted, includes iHnoagst. others from the Local Board minutes of approaching half- %-oentury ago isÏPteresting as indicating how certain problems have a tendency to persist in urban iffsirs, Here it is: Nov. 11. 1874, A letter was read from Mr. W. H. Sims, finan- eial secretary of the Free Churches of Eng- land demurring to a. charge of 15s. a day charged for the use of thos Assembly Rooms for religious, services on Sundays, together with an answer sent to him by the Chairman of the Board pointing out that the great consump- tioh of gas in winter rendered this necessary, and a further communication from Mr. Sims admitting this but stating he thought the Board would consider that it was an experi. ment and that lectures would be givep in the summer when there would be no gas used. The Chairman said that 9s. was charged for the room for local purposes but this did nbt pay the Board, as the gas cos^Ss. 6d. a night, and 5s. for the cost of cleaning up after the meetings, and then there wa.s the damage done. It was finally decided that 12s. 6d. should be charged for Sundays, and gs. for one ordinary night or 15s. for two nights weekly." From these facts and figures, appears that the value of the Assembly Rooms—the Town Hall to give it its modern title-as a letting pro- position has not appreciated in half-a-century. However, the particular interest in these three extracts appears to be that they indi- cate, after five decades, that the same 11 hardy annuals confront local legislators. The legacy of asking » little and doing a lot, bequeathed by Peter Davies, of Castle Street, who under- took all the duties pertaining to the surveyor- ship, etc., for £ 45 a year, stul causes trouble; the question of lighting to say nothing of the ga-s "—remains a disturbing factor; and the letting of the Town Hall continues to per- turb parochial politics, and so the things work round in a circle without getting much for- rader." One thing that appears to be abund- arrtly olear, and this would seem to be what my friend desires to lead up to, is that the rates are quite up-to-date; they have not stood still for fifty years, he states, but he fails to indicate the directions in which improvements have been made to make life bettei- worth living in the little town. What he does not appear to grasp—arid this is precisely what the old broer stoically decline to recognise— is that a new era has commenced and that it oostsmore to give a fair allowance to many, than an unfair abundance to a privileged few. Nevertheless, the spirit of the age is in favour of even-handed justice all round, and it win eventually assert itself even in the most un- prdgressive communities. ve n in the most un. EWYA, GLYN. I I I
The sixteen-year-old Prin oe Jafar of Persia has, died at Llandudno, where he was staying for the benefit of his health. A wireless message from Carnarvon has baen accidentally picked up irT Sydney, New South Wales, and as s result- wireless connec- tion between théee poin-the most distant linked asyet by this method—has been estab- lished; The 12,000 miles thtts traversed in a fraction of a second is twice as far as the jkrevions longest wireless connection, that from Bristol to Buenos Ayres, and it is clear that news can now circle the world in under
Communal Kitchens, I PO OD "COMMIT TEE: SAYS NOT I REQUIRED AT OSWESTRY. A meeting of the Oswestry Food Control Committee was held in the Guildhall on Mon- day night, Mr. R. S. Parry presiding, and there being also present Messrs. Mason, George, Thomas, Byrne. Hill, John James, J. V Jones, Mesdames Morris and Jemmett, vrrh Mr lunna (Food. Controller), arid Mr. Davies (a« isiant),. ] SUGGESTIVE LETTER. 'rhe Chairrn an,s.aJdtba,t at the .meeting of i the Town Council that morning he had ex- 1 plained to the members that they were to meet that night- and discuss the desirableness of having communal kitchens at Oswestry, and it was decided to leave: it to the Committee tA) recommend whether or not they should have them. He had, made enquiries, and, he thought the geneial opinion was that, as they were situated at Oswestry, away from large centre's..and'' with no munition works, there was not precisely the same call for these kitchens as in other places. Mr. Tunna then read a letter addressed to the Town, Council by the Coal Controller and, the Inspector of National Kitchens, in which it is stated that the position as regards the coal supply for the coming winter renders it imperative that every po-ssible effort should be made to reduce consumption to the lowest possible limit. In addition to the economies effected as a result of domestic coal rationing, it was important local. authorities should take into consideration the saving of fuel which accrues from the inauguration of communal kitchens. Where such had been established on lines recommended, the consumption of coal had been reduced within the particular area, and. having regard to the contingencies which have arisen in the country, where fuel had to be cut down, .it was highly desirable that local authorities should, be in a position to secure the distribution of adequate supplies, and the difficulties of the coal position would be relieved by the provision of communal kitchens. The Treasury had authorised the Minister to advance the capital needed free of cost to establish such kitchens, to be repaid bv instalments, but the initiative was left to local enterprise, although the Ministry of Food would willingly offer assistance id the preparation of schemes and. place the service of a technical adviser at the service of the local authority. DISCUSSION. I This, the Chairman said, was the letter that the Town Council forwarded to the Commit- tee to consider and, be reminded them, a sub- committee had already considered the matter and decided that economy in fuel and food would not be promoted by the establishment of a communal kitchen in the borough.—Mr. Byrne said he had conversed with five people who might be supposed. to be users of the kitchen were it established, and they scoffed at the idea of saving fuel in this way. It might be possible where they had people who lit fires lor the sole purpose of cooking; but he did .ot, think they had a population of that kind at Oswestry; here the people would keep thfires burning in anv case.—Mr. George: Every cottage will have its fire. and I do not see how this would effect cconoray in fufl.- Sir. Hill said he belfe^c-d m com 'inna* kit cheas where the surroundings invited thorn. He had conversed wth thirty or forty t^<p!e Who, he thought, were interested in the ques- tion, and in every case they spoke against the establishment of communal kitchens in plaoes like Oswestry, and he did not think people in the borough would patronise such kitchens. They might be all right in places where there were munition workers, who had to live out of their homes, but where the' people- would in any case keep the fires burning it was different. He moved that, the proposal be not entertained at the present time. A HINT TO HOUSEWIVES. I Mr. Mason said from what he had read the I kitchens could be run at a profit and, by cut- ting down prices, things were supplied very reasonably. But this applied more to big towns, and they could not compare Oswestry say with Birmingham or Wolverhampton, where a great number of people were em- ployed on munition work. In Oswestry it w&6 diSer?nt, and leaving out the Cambrian worts he did not think there was any place ?emploved a. hundred hands. His opinion was that if the females looked after their homes a little better they would not want so much ?emy,loyment elsewhere. So far as fuel was concerned they must bear in mind that people ddd not light nres for cooking alone. He would second Mr. Hill's proposal.—The Chair- man: Then I take it the resolution of the meeting is that we inform the Town Council that, at the present time we, as a. Committee, cannot recommend them to establish a com- munal kitchen.—Mrs. Morris and Mrs. Jeln- mett supported this view.—Mr. Hill: What would be the outlay?—The Chairman: About ,,9200.-Mr. George said that, at Rhyl, they had mad6 an experiment and the outlay had not reached P,100, and it was quite successful there. He had asked several people at Oswestry as to their views on the project, and they simply would not look at it.—Mr. Byrne: A.nd if you have not a large volume of sup- port at the commencement, the running ex- penses are going on and there is sure to be a loss.—-Mr. Thomas: Suppose the coal ration to be cut down and poor people to have no coal for heating or lighting.—Mr. Byrne: Then we could start one at once.—Mr. James said he had asked a lot of, his shop mates about it, and they did not think- that the pro- ject would answer in Oswestry. Of course, if they had a haird winter, and it became neces- sary, we could do something.—:Mr. Byrne: l We could ktart. a kitchen in twenty-four hours. After some further conversation, the resolu- tion to advise the Council not to start a kitchen in the borough was unanimously carried. —————
I The Irish national teachers have decided upon a general strike on November 4 should the Government not concede their demands for increased pay before that date, .1 Mrs. Blanche Fit?h«rbert-lBrockhol#s, 'u.'j of Mr. William Fitaharbarrt-Brockholes, of t Claughten Hall, near Preston, was found dead on Thursday morning in the gunroom of her residence, with a wound in her head. At the inquest it wag ststed that the ION of her eld- est son in the war, the wounding of another son, and the- pressure of war work had affect- ed her with melancholia. A verdict of $ui- fitt* s¥J* .npnagwi. swad,,
BORDER N E WS IN BRIEF. Denbighshire. I Capt. Frank Frere, of Colwyn Bay, who is in the Tank Corps, has won the Military Cross twice in eight days. The Medical Officer" recently contained the following paragraph: While admitting the good work done by maternity and child welfare committees in Denbighshire, Dr. John D. Lloyd, M.O.H-, has been telling the Chirk, Rural District Council that it is a, serious reflect,ion on our educational system, which costs, roughly, 36 millions a year, that our young men and women should start their married life so in-equipped for the duties and responsibilities of parentage as to require the watchful, eye of a committee over them. Dr. LloYd urges that if the risii)-, generation are to be fit to replace the manhood lost in the war we must concentrate in the home." He writes:—"We must always remember that a child is born in its home. and that the most receptive period of its life is spent there, and herein lies the keynote of our national strength or weakness. Improve the home and you improve the people. Home is the first social unit. The surroundings of and the happenings in that home wili remain longer in a man's mind than anything else; therefore all. about that home should be well-ordered. clean, and hygienically correct; here should spring love and duty, and here should be taught the first lessons of right and wrong at the mother's knee. No talkee-talkee of committees, however good, can make up for a good mother's care, or for that best and most inoffensive of all religions—maternal religion." Merionethshire. Mr. Hugh Jones, Medical Hall, has been elected president of Riaeaau Festiniog Liberal Club, Messrs. R. T. Williams.and R, E. Jones, vice-presidents, 1r. W. J. Williams, secre- tary, and Mr. W. E. Richards, treasurer. Miss Eirene Holland Williams, daughter of the Rev. R R. Williams, Bala, has won a Merioneth County Council scholarship of £10 as top girl in the Central Welsh Board exam- ination, and also a leaving scholarship of 9.15 at the Bala County School for Girls. T. O. Humphreys, Cefndwysarn, has also been awarded a leaving scholarship of £15 at the Bala County School for Boys. At Merioneth War Pensions Committee at Dolgelley, last week, it was reported that õ68 discharged disabled men, 64 widows, 140 chil- dren and 186 dependents of single men were on the books. The Hon. Mrs. Wynne was ap- pointed to go into the administration of pen- sions by Corwen local committee. It was stated that the Committee had advertised for a discharged soldier to act as inquiry officer, but had had no reply. Flintshire. Mr. Arthur Rowlands, who is over 80, last week, celebrated his jubilee as clerk to Rhyl Urban Council. The death has taken place at Rhyl of Mr. Oldfield, one of the best-known coal merchants in North Wales. He was 76 years of age, and a prominent member of the Welsh Congrega- tional body. Mr. H, W. Gladstone presided at a meeting at Uh 1I, 011 Saturday, to in a ugu rate aoonnty fund for R.W.F..Prispners of War. Lord. Justice Bankes, Mr. Herbert Lewis, M.P., and the Bishop of St. Asaph were among the speakers, and it was announced that £ 3,000 had been subscribed. Out of 27 candidates for county exhibitions 22 obtained' the higher certificate of the Cen- tral Welsh Board. Open exhibition of £ 40, tenable for three years, was awarded John Price Walters, Hawarden County School, a close exhibition of ESO, John Thomas, Mold County School, an exhibition of £80, Joseph Hughes, Wrexham County School, and an ex- hibition of 480, for three years, Florence Ellis, Hawarden County School. Montgomerys hire. The death occurred last week of Mrs. John Davies, widow of a well-known Liverpool resi- dent and mother of Capt. A. Stanley Davies, who waa recently ke6ru who was recently recruiting officer at Welsh- pool. Misses Julia Ellis and Alice Jones, of Bwl- chycibau Church of England School, who passed the entrance scholarship last July, have been awarded free places at Llanfyllin County School. Miss Ethel M. Williams, second daughter of Mrs. Williams, School House, has been appointed head mistress of Eccleston C.E. School, near Chester. I" An extraordinary instance of the heaw toH I which the war has taken of the rural popula- tion is furnished by the small parish of Garth. beibio. There the whole of the Parish Church members who enlisted have, with one excep- tion, made the supreme sacrifice. The excep- tion, Pte. John Rees, Felingraig, is a prisoner -of war in Germany. A meeting of officers, N.C.O. 's, and men of the 5th V.B. R.W.F., was held at the head- quarters, Welshpool, on Wednesday, to con- sider the adoption of a series of corps rules which have as their object the improvement of discipline and to provide means for the punishment of laggards. The commanding officer, Col. Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, pre- sided over an attendance representative of each detachment, the officers present being Major Corbett-Winder, Capt. Buckley Jones, Capt. J. R. Morris, Capt. A. O. Davies, Lieut. C. Pt-yce Tearslev, Lieut. D. C. Evans, M.C., Lieut. (5. F. Cook, Sec. Lieut. Perrott, and Lieut. and Q.M. J. W. Davies, with the ucl. jutant (Capt. G. M. S. McAlister). Sir »v at- kin gave an inspiring address, the text of which was that the motto of every man should be, "I will do my best." Draft rules, im- posing fines for various offences, were then consm-ered and adopted. Shropshire. The low-lying laads betweeu Lianymynech and Mlvètley are heav-ily flooded. Over E600 has been obtained in the Y.N.C .A.. hut week at. Whitchurch. Aid 8 M Morris is again to be Mayor of ■Shrewsburj The total amount received from Shropshire j for th? British F a.rm rB R?d CroM Fund up to last week was £ 82,4S3 l7s. 3d.- ? & ree?t of the first month's collection i for the K.L.L Prisc?M of War Fund &t LIa?payn?ch Bil 16s. 4d. w&s M&lised. P.. Buftn, of PMes, hag been &wardeJ ?, s?op?u? ,abJ1rf#.rift Sa!?as- .? oentlT; for meritorious worjs done by him on the police force. Atcham Guardians decline to express an opinion at present, on the question of the Quartering elommittee of the Wrexham area, as to whether Berrington Workhouse can be retained as a hospital by the War Office after the war. The company of special service volunteers raised in Shropshire last June have now re- turned home after doing three months' duty at a station on the north-east coast. They have earned the highest appreciation of their work from the Director-General of Volunteer I Forces. At. an executive meeting at Shrewsbury, last I week, Mrs. Luard (hon. sec. and treasurer) submitted the accounts of the Shropshire Prisoners of War F-und, which show the re- ceipts to have been £ 18,666; expended, £ 5,187; balances—deposit account, ?10,000; current, account, ?3,468. Mr. H. C. MaIIaby-Deeley, M.P., who waa educated at Shrewsbury School and married a Shrewsbury lady, has offered to subscribe £ 150,000 to the War Loan raised in the bor- ¡ ough if Shrewsbury subscribed E- 100,000 dur- ing a "War Weapons Week." The Mayor oi Shrewsbury (Alderman Morris), on -riday, presided at a meeting which decided to accept Mr. Mallabv-Deeley's chalLenge, and every confidence was expressed that the LIOO,OW would be raised. Mr. J. R. Lewis, Cambrian stationmaster at Oswestry, has been presented with a marble clock, suitably inscribed, and a waliet of Treasury notes, on his marriage, by a meeting of railway stitionmesters, and clerks at Machynlleth. Mr. Bowen, Llanidloea, pre- sented the dock. and Miss Hughes,, Abervst- wyth, the wallet. Mr. Morgan, Ellesmere, and several other members gave eulogistic testimony to Mr. Lewis's ability as a railway- man and to his straightforwardness and sterl- ing character. Mr. Williams (Menai Bridge) and Mr. Rhodes (divisional engineers' depsSt- ment, Crewe) also cko, pointing out that the fact, that 200 fellow workers subscribed to the presentation spoke for itself. A largely-attended meeting of farmers, small-holders, and cottagers was held at High Ercall, on Wednesday, under the auspices of the North Shropshire Small-Holders' and Cottagers' Co operative Insurance and Supply Association, when Mr. T. Griffiths, general secretary of the Association, dealt a-t length with the formation of the North Shrop- shire Society, its co-operative objects and benefits, and added that it was the intention to gather in as far as possible the whole of t? he villages in North Shropshire. The real aim of the Association was to secure the small farmer anJ the cottager against those losses which in some cases perhaps brought financial disaster, and to make their Association one of industrial thrift.
I NEWS OF THE WEEK. t The Court of Arbitration appointed by the I Ministry of Labour have declared that on the merits of the case the Co-operative Wholesale Society directors were, in the circumstances. acting within their powers in declaring that 3mployment in their printing works should only be given io members of the particular trade unions applicable to their respective crafts. The issue of the notice was, in the unanimous finding of the tribunal of arbitra- tion, justifiable in this particular dispute. The Amalgamated Union of Co-operative Em- ployees assumed a. serious responsibility during a time of war in withdrawing labour from essential employment, and thereby pre- judicing the manufacture, transport, and sup- ply of food and indispensable materials. Mr. G. H. Roberts, Labour Minister, speak. ing at Leicester, said on demobilisation men would be released according to the ability of industry to absorb labour, and we must not have the disgraceful spectacle associàtedwith previous demobilisation scarred warriors begging at street corners. As to our future trade, Mr. Roberts said economists had had under consideration every one of the main trades of the country, and what might be ex- pected to prevail in each of those trades after the war, and we could now say that there wa-s every prospect of there being a great demand for labour, and of the ability of every honest worker to secure good wages. It must mt be forgotten that there would be a scramme for raw material, and he urged upon the (govern- ment the desirability of securing the greatest possible control over the world's raw material. They were going to compel those in trades to undertake the responsibility of so ordering their respective trades as to produce good wages and proper conditions for'those working in them. Mr. T. Hopkin Evans, addwessing the Man- chester Welsh National Society on The Future of Music in Wales," said up to the middle of the last century art music was practically unknown in Wales. Until the ap -? pearance of such men as John Ambrose Lloyd, leuan Gwyllt, Gwilym Gwent, Dr. Parry, Emlyn Evans, David Jenkins laid the founda- tion-stone of their music they possessed littlf else than folk-songs. There was plenty of some sort of music practised in Wales, but it was scarcely of the right kind, and did not tend to much development. There was also far too little instrumental music. They seemed to have been satisfied with hymn- tunes, anthems, and glees. Much could ba done to improve their status through the Eisteddfod and the Cymanfa Ganu. Real good could be done also by cultivating a IOVQ for music in schools. The greatest, benefit might be derived from the establishment in Wales of a National Society of Fine Artsa with a branch society in every town. The annual conference of the North Wales Temperance Federation was held at C cieth on Wednesday of iMt week, under the presi- dency of Mr. John Owens, Chester. Mr J. Herbert Roberts, M.P., was re-elected f resi- i dent; Mr. William George, hon. treasurer i I Rev. J. Glyn Davies, Chester, secretary; an< Mr. C. L., Williams, Mold; hon. finai. -ia secretary. I Rev. D. R. Cernyw Willia njf I Corwen, was congratulated on the complet e of fifty years' ministry to the same churt h ¡ Sir J. Herbert Roberts, M.P., took the cha' at the afternoon sitting, and delivered a speec. in which be pointed out how the promotior of temperance had assisted in the prosecutioa. of "the wa.r. Miss Pritchard. Oswestrv, secre.. tary, reporetd on the work of the North Wales Women s Temperance Union, and amon others who took part in the meeting were S3 f- Alfred T. Davies, Rev. E. K. Jones, Brvmboj! I Rey. W. Wynn Davies, Rhos; Re,, Henri jEtees, Dolgelley; Rer. J. Puleston-Jon., Llanfair Caer i. and X>r. Griffith Lloyd, Wres, km*