OUR COUNTRY COLUMN 1 FOR THE GARDENER [.p SMALLHOLDER. PROFITABLE PIG KEEPING. I Just at tiia present mome-nt it te prohable that no bra.nch of animal husbandry is of more im- portance to the natiOii, or can be more usefully extended, than pig keeping. Few animals are capable of giving a quicker return for food ;130!1- wined" and certainly none are better adapted for turning into wholesome meat much material that is generally regarded as of little or no value. In these abnormal days the great majority of us •re either gardeners. ailoimeiut. holders, or waste land cultivators, and for that reason the subject of Pig keeping has com.) into prominence of late, 86 it is utuitily within the intam of most people IWho possess a fair sized garden or piece of laisd to keep at least 0113 pi/. The garden and kitchen can bo made to supply tho biggest proportion of the animal's food, and with proper management and treatment a return of at least 25 per cent. Profit can be anticipated. Probably the best plan is to start pi? keeping- with a newly-weaned about eiht weeks old. care beim; taken to etcure a-9 good an ::r. ;nrd as pos-ible. All extra shilling P!' two opent in this way ivill be amply repaid, and the temptation to be ratisfied with an un- thrifty youngster, merely because it is to be lizid for k83 money should be stoutly resisted. Don't Vevobe too much attention to fancy points, Lut get an animal with n vigorous constitution, a Rreedy, lusty fellow, active on liis legs, lengthy and round in shape, with a clear. and pliable skin, covered with a fijio coat of soft glossy hair. YORKSHIRE WHITES. I Ag far n.9 housing is ooncorued no elaborate ttructuro is nccssary, the main essentials being clean and comfortable conditions. A dry ued, combined with suitable veiillilation, and the ab- sence of draughts, will serve to promote the health of the animal, prevent chills and rlieu- fiiathm. and minimise risk of disease. A t the start the pig should be allowed a modetute amount of exercise, and an occasional run outside the sty will nive it a healthy appetite and eucour- ■Ko growth. When it gets to about 1001b. live weight tho exercise shouid be curtailed, and the feeding should be rather more forced. Wheat loffai., accompanied by a littlo rice meal, mai1ù Jneal, or barley meal, whichever is the- ohoapest. taay be given freely, and the supply of the more bulky vegetable food correspondingly reduced. If carofu.ly fed from the start a. pig should .Weigit from i701bs. to ]801bs. live weight at from five to six months old, whoa it should be ready for killing. THE SMALLHOLDER'S COW. Almost everyone know3 the little Kerry cattle, the one breed indigenous to Ireland. It is black toi colour, quiet in disposition, and certainly a werv useful breed. At one time this race of tiny tolack cattle was only found in Ireland, but now it hils spread to many counties in England. It endid milker, and its milk comes next to I that f,,[ JeffeyG and Guernseys in richness of butter-fat. Kerries are hardy, wiry, vigorous in constitution, and capable of making a living i gge,r oatt'a would starve. No cattle are better adapted for grazing country lanes and rOfU(i-ide wastes, only this is not always allow- able, consequently the Kerry is just the animal for the cow-keeping labourer or smallholder, and uPon no thriftier animal can he bestow his care j ■ Of course the Kerry always responds to better tr^atmeijt on bettor land, and on this account is »ot to be despised by the upland farmer. SUITABLE CROPS FOR SOILS. I Now that so many thousands of acres of waste land aro being brought under oultivation the new allottees will find that they have all sorts on<i conditions of soil to deal with, good, bad, and in- afferent, and for that reason more than ordinary r must be exercised as to the crop to grow. 8ut whether the land be light or heavy the firct tllitill to do ia to turn it over at once. Where ft, is under grass this must be given time to d,e.cay and so provide food for the crop to be sed. Poor ciay lands especially will benefit by thla action, for the turves will help to keep the 501-1 more open. Largo numbers of wireworms usually hibernate en grass laud, and these must be dealt with, or v-hon the turf is turned underneath they will Prove troublesome to the crop. Where gaslime C4-11 be procured fresh from the gasworka this \'ill be leund to bo an excellent insecticide, but In using it great care should be taken, or the land may bo poisoned for a long time. It must be broken no into a lijie state, and then spread •vftnly on tho surface, at a rate not exceeding ()e and a half pounds to-the square yard. This Ilrill sotfc friend wirewbrm, but it must be applied at, least two months prior to sowing seeds Qr setting out crops. This is best dona on a soil. If the land is light a dressing of ^Rri_onltura! ea.lt. will account for various sorts lnf Pests, and will also assist in ketyping the-ground COol and moist during the drying days usually 'xpenenccd in April, May. and June, when the tOling plants are passing through the critical Turning to tho orops we find that on clav soils of all descriptions are likely to do weB. ^hilo carrots of tlu main season type and inter- mediate varieties, and parsnips, will generally cfivo gocd results. Potatoes, of the main or late ■ &neties, can be recommended, but spring onions ahould be left alone, though leeks and celery j\\>IIl do well. On the light land turnips oan be .e-\ied on to give a good crop, and so can all early or late produce. Such land is not so muit ?b)o for summer crops on account of the difh. onough moistura to carry the Plants ilirough the growing stage. Early cab- 0 Re. flarly potatoes, spring onions, dwarf peaj, ftd Prenoh beans should all be given a trial. fo,¡tl\rall.v on all thii waste land the first orop .Will not bo a largo one, but the value of the ird work put. in will be more apparent in rho •Ucceediivcr cropg. PLANTING POTATOES. Pointers form the principal crop in many gar- èlhl and nllotment?. and should, as a rule, be Planted during March or early April. They re- quiro good soil in which there is no freh Manure. b?t. i? thj ground has been !iberat!y ? *B?nurcd for ? previous crop. so much the better. -D" cn!ti\a<inn is eG¡1eciaUv desirah, for while I 4 Jms prevent^ an unduly lar?? amount of mois- S. ''prn?min? around the "ooi's it prevents t!)o < r??? '? ?mprtn? from drought In addition it thrd a td'el' f('cdn"g' Kro?i and tends to | d, Produc?i?), of !,c?v)or crops. r hilo the crops toIloi%-iii- tho potatoes ?-ro benefited. Pientv f 'l?,e afLord(t,,t t,o 1)ot?-tocs, the plants indix,d,]Iv roo? allotted to them !\lm- 'QRt for thesr full development. The rows ?"?R'? 'd bo from t?o to three fe3l apart. according i JO Ule naturc of the top arowth and s?ts should ■ from a foot to (:i hteen inoh apart for the reioOii. In> tead of dibbling, if time allows, reneher. about four inclie?. decr> should be openod ojjt, and along ti,c," the set-s laid afterwards filling- the foil in. When above ground moulding ■"ouid be commenced, the final hilling bsing don when the p'a.i:ts have made about a foot of growth. Cabbage or kalo arc sometimes Plante(I between tho rows, but this is not a good practice, cither the potatoes or intercrops being Inhred more or lcw. TRENCHING GARDEN GROUND. I d 's <1 good time to take to allotment gar Ha "Us. as it affords time for the proper prepryra- on of the soil for planting in spring. Some lnt on the rna;t(Vi' may therefore not be un- «f Pai'tic,lar!v as a well-kept, garden C)f this description proves of substantial benefit 40) its own or. The first thing to be done is to trench the soil at least two epits deep. and to breik the bottom up again, not necessarily throwing the surfaco soil to the bottom if the subsoil is unfavourable. The method of work- ing is shown in the illustration, and usuaUy this is applicable to all soils which are at all suitable for allotments. A dressing of manure is de- HOW TO TRENCH. j sirablle, and this should be worked into the top of tha soil during dry or frosty weather, as much of the mamiriai elements wprk into the subsoil with the iaiter rams. T io- object, of trenching is to provide a free ra-ttge for tho roots, axicl to prevent the soil drying up in hot seasons. Of course, if the ground is pare ft and, trenching would have little effect, but with all other earths t.ho results of trenohiiig are mœt marked, and althoug-h a somewhat costly matter as compared with plain diggiiiig, the ultimate profit is muoh larger, mora especially in hot, dry oeasons. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. Vacant Land: Economic.—Yes, the frosts will have certainly dono a lot in this direction. 2. The lime serves the double prurpO,3 and sweetens the land. 3. Ordinary manure may be used alter an interval. 4. Yes, soot is very np3- ful. It is generally u&ed at tho rate of about 30 hushels to tho acre. P.S.—The author will be pleased to answer through thisoolumll auoh queries .with regard to small oulture. etc., as are likely to be of general interest to renders. Letters should be addressed to the Country Editor, 69, Highgate, Kendal Next Week: DUCKS, GEESE, AND TURKEYS.
FOOD, AND HOW TO SAVE IT. (BY E. 1. SPRIGGS, M.D., F.R.C.P.) I Ever since the war began all British people have been asking-What can I do to help? To our young men the answer was clear. They have addoed new and glorious pages to the history of our nation, and are protecting us against the greatest peril of this age. To many mIUiona of men and women came the call to work; night and day they labour to equip our Army and Navy; or they take the places of those who have gone out, and do a thousand things they never di(I before. And now comes a call to every man and woman in these islands to save the food. Here at last is the chance for all. Women and men, fit and unfit, gentle and simple can do their bit, and may at length forgive dIemscl-ves a little that they are not in khaki or in blue. Every piece of food unwisely bought, waste- fully cooked or carelessly eaten is a loss to our nation and a. gain to our enemies. There is no one who would wilfully harm his country at this time, but we have lived so long in plenty that wo have not learned aa a. nation how to a.void waste, or how to make the best use of our food materials. The object of these short articles (written at the request of the Food Controller) is to state,' in pllain words, what food is made of, how it is used up in the body, how much of it we need, how we can save it at the table, in the kitchen and in the shop, and how we should divide it in the home. These articles are not written for those who do know something of the science of food, but for those who do not. Hence no apology will be offered for-making the most simple statements or for their frequent repetition. In the articles dealing with practical housekeeping, the help of lady experts will be obtained and duly acknow- ledged. The first three articles will give a simple account of what food is. The fourth will deal with the relative amounts of food which different people need, and in subsequent articles the prin- oiples sot fortli will be applied to the food con- ditions of the day. I WHAT FOOD IS. I When coal burns heat is given out because the coal is combining with the oxygen of the air. The process is called oxidation. The coal is oxidized. If the lieet of burning ooal is used in a suitable engine it can be turned into power. The engine will not work without the coal. It will do more work with good coal than with bad coal, be?cau's good coal gives out more heat, or, as we say, it fias a higher fuel value. The energy of our bodies is obtained from food. Food is to us what coal is to the engine. its oxidation is the source of our warmth and movement. Further, living matter is always changing, always being oxidized; and in the process waste materials are formed and thrown off. These materials must be replaced. So that we need food for two purposes to provide energy for warmth and aotiv, and to provide material to replace our losses. Plants make their own food from the air and the earth. Their green loaves are silent engines and the light of the sun is the force they use. Animals cannot do thit. They depend upon plants for their food. We may, it is true, eat other animals, but these in their turn had eaten plants. So that, in the end, the only way man can produce food, animal or vegetable, is by tilting the earth. Hence there is an eternal procession of matter from the earth and air to the plant, from the plant to the animal, and from the animal to the earth and the air again. The body needs throe kinds of foodstuff, caHed protein, carbohydrate and fat. In times of p there is enough of each of these in any ordinary mixed diet, and we do not have to think of them. But when it become necessary to arrange the diet, either of an individual or of a nation, citt-e must be taken, first that enough material is supplied to provide the energy which the body needs, and secondly, that that material shall contain a due proportion of each of the three foodstuffs. It is clear that we ought all to learn what food- stuffs are needed and in what quantities, so that we may arrange our d'ets wisely; not only care but apeoial knowletige is needed- To take an example from the moment let us consider the case of-meat. We are asked by the Food Con- troller not to use more than 2 pounds per head par week on an average. This will mean more for a man, less for a child. An ordinary man, not doing heavy muscular work, will keep with- in Ifis share if he ta.ke9 four ounces of butcher's meat or lees once a day, and two ounces of baoon at breakfast, these quantitiea being weighed before cooking. At a third meal he may take fish or cheese instead of meat. Again, he may save bread or flour by taking porridge at break. fast, potato with his meat at dinner, and using as much rice pudding, or similar food, as possible. Now if the housewife knows for herself why cheese and fish can replace meat, why and to what extent oatmeal, potato and rice can re- place bread, and the like, she oan then make these or any other changes which may bo needed in the best way, without waiting for expert ad- vice, or relying upon casual statements she may' hear or read. We shall have to discuss some simple science at first. But let no one be afraid of that. The day when ncience was limited to a few people is gone by. Science is just know- ledge, and knowledge is for all. It is by know- ledge in the home that the health and the work- ing powef of the nation can be kept at the highest level possible.
—————————————- COED TALON COLLIERY I DEVELOPMENT. A HOPEFUL OUTLOOK. I Our Mold reporter writes: Important de- velopments are expected to follow the purchase by Mr H. R. Higginbottom, the well-known Liverpool colliery proprietor, of the coal mining enterprise, acquired a few months ago by the Coed Talon Collieries, Ltd. A pumping station is being erected at Coed Talon which it is anti- oipn.ted will drain the extensive oollieay and of Coed Talon, Leeswood, Tryddyn, and Llanfyn- ydd. The pumping operations will have a direct bearing on the welfare of the localities indicated, and the older inhabitants freely predict that with the effectual unwatering of the coalfields a re- turn of the former prosperity of the neighbour- hood is assured.
BAN ON IMPORTED FRUITS? I The Board of Trade has announced that a. Procl.a.ma,tion will Shortly be made prohibiting the importation, except under licence, of a lairge number of commodities. They reserve the right to refuse licenoes to goods of the prohibited classes unless they were shipped to or paid for by a consignee in the United Kingdom before last Saturday. The prohibition may (says the Globe) include tho following:— Applies, I Oranges, Bananas, Cape fruity—meotairined, peaches, and plums. I Canned fruit, and Wearing apparel.
About "I uAgh V. « EVERY lady likes a smart well-fitting Shirt or Blouse-if you buy from us you can rely, not only on getting good value, but a Shirt or Blouse that is also distinctive and will give you pleasure in wearing-something different to what you see elsewhere, as we are in touch with some of the best designers, who confine their goods exclusively to us. We have just been appointed agents for the well-known Celes Shire, which is, perhaps, one of the best fitting anal most reliable Shirts on the market. BK u WN S of HIESTER The House for Really Smart and Exclusive Shirts and Blouses. y?? 77oM? ?r Really 5??;'? ??? E?c/M?'<? S/?? ??? ?/o?/?s. 4 < Sole Agents for Chester/ Cheshire and North Wales for jk The "CELES" ?Qi?im?o jS§? JL MC ??ILUjJ The Perfect Shirt for Ladies. "CELES" is a pure Silk Crepe in a variety of pretty JMvMk|:lE|tmf|\ |\ ——— stripes and checks; also in ivory. Made in Great Britain from raw silk. CELES is perfectly fast colour and should be washed dry çleaned. CELES t, needs no special care in washing) i but good soap should be used. ? CELES ? is specially recommended for its splendid wear ???? |I and the continued freshness of appearance after M ———— and ?t1he conti' nued ttfresi hness or appearance after ? ??W!???F! ,c CELES "-Every Shirt bears the 4< Celes" trade mark. I We illustrate two new designs in the ? Celes Shirt which I H ￼ ￼ aS ￼ S we stock in plain ivory and a charming assortment of ??B?STH??????y??tac stripes and checks—Ail sizes Price 26/H ?MMj?MY! ? )H??' Requests for Blouses on Approval. \i\ TO meet the convenience of ladies in these days of restricted railway facilities we shall be pleased to send i on request a selection of Shirts and Blouses on approval but it would help us considerably if, in making the request, ladies will state their requirements with as much detail as possible. Brown's of Chester The Great Shopping-Headquarters for Cheshire and North Wales. > j
BRITISH RED CROSS FUNDS. I INCREASE OF OVER A MILLION. I The annual report of the Joint Finance Com- mittee of the British Rod Cross Society and of the Ordleir of St. John for the year ended October, 1916, shows a total income of 23,064,232, compared with £ 1,912,995 in the previous yew. The expenditure was £1,815,353, compared with El,691,2W in the previous year. The surplus funds on October 20th, 1916, were £1,47.0,644. This surplus does not include moneys collected on "OUll" Day," totalling over a million.
Sir Bampfylxto Falter, K.C., has been placed I in charge of the Wa.r Offioe Department dealing with timber (rode control.
NORTH WALES MATHEMATICAL ASSOCIATION At a meeting of the North Wales Mathematical Association a.t Plas Gwyn, Bangor, tlie residence of Professor Bryan, Mr E. P. Evans, headmaster of the Carnarvon County School, read a paper on "The teaching of geometry in the oourity schools of North Wales. 'Hie discussion among tho members preeenit turned mainly on the re- oommeirulatioiis which might be made by the Association to the Central Welsh Board for judicious alteration. in their syllabus, such as the introduction of numerical trigonometry, as well aa in the style of question sometimes sot in the examination papers. On tho proposal OfMi" E. Madoc Roberts, Beau- marie, a vote of sympathy with the relations of Mr E. H. Harper, a. former lecturer and mem- ber of the Association, who had been killed in action, was passed unanimously.
LONDON TIME-TABLE AND I RED RAIL GUIDE. The current issue of this popular publication is on sale at all railway bookstalls and leading newsagents. The London T-ime-Table and Red- Rail Guide," of 3, Kingvway, London, extends to nearly 600 pages, and deals with over 3000 railway stations, and as it is sold- at Twopence, the publishers may fairly claim that it is the best and cheapest Railway Guide ever published. It contains, in addition to the Railway Time-Tables, a mass of information that is invaluable, not only to Londoners, but to all visitors to London; and altogether it is a surprising Two- pennyworth.
At Oambridge the Chancellor's Medal for Eng- I lisih Verse has been awarded to Mr Harold Obband Lee, a scholar of Jesus.
WELSH FREE CHURCH I COUNgiL- PROHIBITION OF DRINK TRAFFIC. 1 A meeting of the Executive of the Free Church Council of Wales was helxl, in Shrewsbury, on Friday, the President (Mr Be?d&e Re?a, of Car- d)l(? ?esidin,g. By a la?rv majority, the foIloWLng resolution was passed:—" That thia Executive places on re- cord its strong disapproval of any form of pur- chase by the State of the drink traffic, and here- by registers its firm conviction that the only effective methods of dealing with our great na- tional curse is that of the absolute prohibition of the manufacture, import, export, and common sale of all intoxicating liquor." A resolution was also passed urging the Go- vernment and the War Office to use all the means in their power for the protection of the new recruits of 18 from the perils of the wet" canteens in the army training camps. The meeting considered at leng-th the report of the conference with Mr Neville Chamberlain on the question of Free Church ministers and national ser in which it was stated that it wasag for the purposes of the scheme Wales should be treated as a separate unit, and that all communications should be sent to the Rev. J. Roberts, Cardiff. On the motion of the Rev. Gwilym Davies, a Committoo of the Executive was appointed to take action in regard to social questions.
I Mr William Straker, seoretary of the North- umberfand Miners, has been invited and has I agreed to serve on the Advisory Committee under the Controller of Ooal min".
SIR HERBERT ROBERTS AND THE^WELSH PARTY. "Glendoww" strongly criticises the Wefish Liberal Parliamentary Party, or at least a section off them, in contesting each year the election of Sir Herbart Roberts to the chairmanship of the party. "It is," lie rays, "common knowledge that yvihenever a NIW-4i memb&r has been elected to the choir of the patty he invariabty, retains its t.,nure until lie cither eeaees to be a member of Parliament or kscuucs an official position as « member o! the Government. "0;i«n<krwier" goes on to eay that "the We)ah Parliamentary Party ban now bcoome reduced into ail attenuated Thump. which consists almost exo'usivetf of the least significant and most obeoura members in the Parliamentary represen- tation of the Principality. I learn from a. well-informed source that, as the pric; of his devotion to the honour and duties of the chair, Sir Herbert Roberts has been subjected to on,3 ignominy after another at the hamds of the Rump. He was oompolled to resign hie position as a member of the Selection Committee, which is said to be one of the most important of Par'ia- mentary committees, in order to make room for ? junior member of the party. Even more glaring wais tho action taken ;n connection with the fe- presentation of Wales upon the Speaker's Elcc toral Reform Committee. In view of tho fact that ojifty otui representative was given to the Principality upon to important a body one would naturally have assumed that the choice would fall uipon the titular head of tho Welsh Party aa a zg,jatvar of right as well as of personal compliment. But the fact remains that Sir Herbert Roberts had to stand aside in favour of a member who had not a fraction of either the experience or the qualifications of the dhairman of the party tor buoii « position." .0
I VENEREAL DISEASE. I DRASTIC PREVENTIVE MEASURES. Tho Criminal Law Amendraent Bill, which hat beam pieeenfted to Parliament by the Home Secretary to make further provision with respect to the punishment of sexual offences and the prevention of indecent advertisements, is one of the moat drastic measures yet jjubiiehed in re- ference to these matter.L The taxt was published on Saturday. Under olauee 2 any person suffering from venermi disease in a (XJmm.tmica<b £ e form is for- bidden to have any suxual intercourse with any other pecsoii. the penalty on indictment being two yeaira imprisonment with or without hard labour, or, on summary oonviotion, to imprison- ment with. or without hard labour for & term not exceectirag six moutns. The Court may order a mecfeoai examination, and a woman may have the attendance of a female doctor. Conviction will BOot follow il a prisoner proves that iia or she had reasonable grounds to believe that they were free from the disease at the time the offence was committed. Where a person has within three montha be- fore the commission of any alleged offence re- ceived a written notice, either on an examina- tion ordered under the section or while undot oompujsory detention in any prison or other ;n- fatrtutioii, from a duly qualified medicai practi- tioner that he or dX' i suffering frofU I vener..}.¡j diseasa in a comn\U7ycable form, that person shaH be doomed to have beeii 6o suffering at the lime wuen the al.eged offence was committed, un^ers tho contrary is proved J GIRLS UNDER 16. Indcceney with girls under sixteen will be P1.lliisba.ble with two years' imprisonment on in- dictment, or six months on summary conviction. consent being immaterial; and reasonable cause to believe that a girl was above that age will not be a defence to a charge under the principal Act, the proviso., of winch under the section -OIL- cerned are repealed. Th3 penalties for keepm^j a disorderly house are:—On first conviction. a fino of £ 100 or three morct is; reeond conviction, a fine of JE250 or six moniihs; third or subsequent oonviotion, E500 or twelve months. Upon a oecond or subsequent conviction the offender wil! have to enter into sureties to bo of good behaviour for twelve montlis or undergo an add;tional three months' imprisonment. The power to impose a penalty for loitering or soliciting or. a person already convicted of similar offence is exteixied to enable magistrates to award a month's imprisonment. I INDECENT ADVERTISEMENTS. The Indecent Advertisements Acta, 1889 is PA. tended &0 as to punish (a) a person who pub.l1sh b' woa-¥ ?Yert.?onM.uA. or causes to be t)ublislied, an.? Picturo or printed or written M? atter which is of ?de<.ODt o:- ob-cene iMtur?- (b) a person who gives or delivers to any other ￼ ?ny such pt?Lre or print? or written ￼ with In^ teilt Ulat the samo should be pubudhed by way of aJvert?n??t. The penaty in each O-W is ?100 or six months, ?t?d of 40s and one month and ? and '? months a* at pl'e&Ht. Any advertisement r?atmc to cosfflyphSilis izoziorriko?a, 11CrVm)d °r oth" c<?SS or infirmity arising from or relating to sexual intercourse, and any advertisement which sue- fcests. direotlv or indirectly, the uso or taking of any appliance, drug, twbstiinoa or thing for the purposo of proourinz miscarriage or abor- timi or which s?co.?. &rectiy or indirectly that any premises are cr can be use^d for lmn?J ￼ ?U ? dc--ined to be "rind "S KETVS Utdecent nature. ihe Act will not apply, howler, to any advor- hserr?nt by any Icc? or pub'io authority a? anv ad?rt?ment ?blished in ?y bona ,d? ￼ or pliarnaceut,?oi PulAicatjcn or pharma- t;carl trtdo list. ASdn^ tVct. To the Criminal Law Amcudmen$ Act. In7.
I APPRECIATION OF MR LLOYD GEORGE In the oonme of an eulogistic article on the Prime Minister, A. M. de B., writing in tlib National Ncivs, a Sunday newspaper, the first lasue of which appeared last Sunday, says:- "Perhaps the greatest work of all that awaits him will be his unification and his federation of the whole British Empire, hia knitting of it into one vast harmonious, homogeneous whole. He. wili be its first Premier, and to him will fall the ask of moulding it into one tremeaidous nation. Heoa?dothi? only when he is a?isted hean and goul by a re-aUy educated, sympa,t.tÜs¡ng, na* iSi' dem6orac y. ?????. ￼ "We cannot exa-gg-?te ?e value and import. ance of such a personality as that of Mr Lloyd George, who was well described at the meeting of Premiere in Rome, the other day. as 'The Prime Minuter of Europe.' This is not met* seii tun en t; it is sheer common sense. Personality attracts and oonfiliates and wins where mere pedantry and theory repel and alien- ate. Mr Lloyd George began by winning over the good opinion of his own people and his own party: then he captivated Parliament and matt 01 all parties: next he charmed and fascinated and won to his viewpoint the Colonial Premiers: and lmaMy he arrested and captured the States- men of Lurope. One of his most marvellouj accomplishments, and one that will build for him an everiasting name, will be the fashioning of a new England. This is inevitable, and wili be no* only the natural outoome of the vast upheaval of the war, but the reasonable accompaniment and corolla,^ of the entry of democracy into ita kingdom. "Mr Lloyd George is no mare iconoclast, east- ing down and breaking up every idol and ideal of the past. He will cast down, it is true, where necessary, but even more he will assimilate the old into the new, and the new into the old, and in this way he will be the maker of a greate* and a nobler nation than we have ever known. "MOIre than that we cannot say: less than thai we will not toy. We leave him at the point of mighty achievement to which he has attained by his own exertions and inspiring personality, and without any extraneous aid whatever. We leave him for all to recognise and acknowledge as tht, most, remarkable man of his own time and one oi the greatest Statesmen of all time."
WELSH SOLDIERS AND SAILORS. NATIONAL FUND LIKELY TO SURPASS EXPECTATIONS. A meeting of the Executive Committee of the National Fund for Welsli Soldiers and Sailorc, established by Brigadier-G enteral Sir Owen llioznafl, was held a-fc the Shire Hall, Shrewsbury on Saturday. The chair was taken by Sir Owei. Thomas, and the meeting was well attended by representatives of the Executive Committee from different parts of Wales. The committee passe d a resolution congratula- ting Sir Owen Thomas upon the honour which His Majesty had conferred upon him. A report was submitted indicating that already large sums had been subscribed to the fund, and that in a considerable number of schools and churches in Wales collections were being made, so that the fund is likely to surpass the expecta- tions of those who started it. It was stated that the,re a-re a very large number of deserving cases which cannot he met by tlie :w.al pensions committees, arid that it is absolutely necessary that a special effort should be made to inoreasa this fund until it is commensurate with the de- mands which will fali upon it Arrangements were made for the registration of the fund, so as to comply with the requirements of the War Charities Act, 1916, and a strong and repre- sentative sub-committee was appointed to choose an hon. secretary. It was also resolved to appoint a special com mittee to act in co-operation with looal sub- committees in the different parts of the Prin- cipaiity to see that in the case of public appoint* nie,nta the claims of men who have enlisted in the forces are properly considered Meetings to promote the claims of the fund are to be arranged in all parts of Wales and in the English towns which have & large WeIaIa population.