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- - - - , 19th CENTURY R EN…


19th CENTURY R EN I I iN I S C, E.N ,(., E S. The old toll-gates throughout tho coun try, were a source ot considerable revenue, thougtt their existence led eventually to a strong feel- ing' which in time led to their abolition. The toil gatxs were annually let to the highest bidders, and for their guidance in tending in tenders the official advertisements genera ny, stated the amounts which accrued from each, toll gate during the previous year. For in- stance, in Carnarvonshire "the toll gates and their bars, chains and side gates produced in 1856 (clear of the cost of collecting) the follow- ing suma": Gwydr gate, near Lhsnrwst, £ 262; Gyffin gate, near Conway, £ 105; Con- way Marsh gate, £ 52; Penmaenmawr gate, £ 23 10.0; Tanlon, north of Talybont, £ 136; Bangor and Vaynol gates, £ 155; Tafarngris-* iau, .£121; Bodrual, near Carnarvon, £ 177; Penllyn, near Llanberis, £ 14.3; Gwastadnant, Llanberis, £ 58; Glangwna, near Carnarvon, £ 161; Rhjd-ddu, £ 70; Gelli, near Xantlle* £ 20; Pant Du, £ 18; Dolydd, .£90; Berth, Llanllvfni, £ 80 10s; Maesmawr, near Pwll- heli, £ 57; Clynnog, £ 116; and Sciont gatej near Carnarvon, £ 369. In th-e same year the toll gates in Dcni);gii. shire were let as follows:—Mold and Den- bigh district, £ 1110; Denbigh and Rhuddian district, £ 705; Conway district, £ 375; and St.. Asaph district, X132. Separate details are not given in the advertisement soliciting ten- ders, and the same is the case in regard to Flintshire, where the amounts derived in 185G "over and above the expense of collecting" were:-Flint district. tl096 12s 9d; Holywell district, E608 86 4d; and Mostyn district, .£785 19s lid. Close upon eixty years ago the coroner for Denbighshire appeared in an unusual role— that of defendant in the county court. It ap- pears that the worthy gentleman had been holding an inquest at Llansilin, and soott after received an account from the landlord of the inn, "for the use of room on the occasion of an inquest, and also for beer given to the jurors on the said occasion." According to the evidence of one of the jurors the coroner had observed to the jury that the sum of 56 was generally allowed for the use of the room, and "given in drink," by which, w. presume, was meant that the money was in- tended to cover the cost of the room and drink to the jurors. The landlord, on the other hand, contended that the charge was 59 for the room and an additional Gs for the beer consumed. It is not surprising that the judgo remarked that the custom of giving beer to jurors was quite new to him, and certainly; improperly." The outcome of the case was that the corouer had to pay the landlord's claim. It is just possible that it was custom- ary in some parts of the country to give lieer to jurors after they had done their work, otherwise one can hardly imagine a coroner concurring in the practice. In these notes last week reference w;:s njado to the appointment of the Rev. Charles Wil- liams, B.D., incumbent of Holyhead, to the principalship of Jesus College, Oxford, in 185S. Mr Williams had vicar of Holyhead for thirteen years, and upon hie departure the parishioners presented him with a lSnic of silver plate. The presentation was formally; made by the Hon. W O. Stanley. M.P., who immediately remarked that. the publio subscriptions to the testimonial fund had reached .£107 2s. Mr Williams, in acknow- ledging the gift, reminded those present at) the rnûtinig that he preached his first sermon at Holyhead on the Sunday before Christmas Day, in the year 1844. The population 01 the town was then slightly over 4000, but in a very short time it had more than doubled. From time to time Bangor has extended hospitality to many distinguished visitors. In 1857 "His Excellency Ferouk Khan, the Persian Ambassador, and suite, consisting of nine nobles and three servants," came to Ban- gor and stayed at the Penrhyn Arms Ilote). The following day they left in their carriages to inspect t1.e Britannia Tubular Bridge and file Me-nai Suspension Bridge. Front thence they went to the Pen- rhyn Quarries, and were shown over the works by Mr Francis. They returned t Bangor throu-Ii Penrhyn Park. II i. Excel- lency the Persian Ambassador com eyed, through Capt. Lynch, an English genlleman who accompanied him, "that it would givs him pleasure to recommend his friends visit- ing this county to the Penrhyn Arms Hotel, the comforts of which he should always .-peak! of." The Penrhyn Arm.* Hotel was the first building used for the aiversity College of North Wales, and is till in use for fnte de- partments of college work, though the art* section has for some time been housed in tho imposing new buildings on the hjllide over- looking Bangor.