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GARDENING NOTES, I

DEARTH OF TEACHERS.

.A Hundred-Guinea Cottage.

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A Hundred-Guinea Cottage. Designed by Mr. Clough Williams-hiiis. I Cheap Rural Housing A Practical Test. I We aro indebted to fchs Editor of tho Spectator for permission to r-cproifttoe ine following airfr;c-c aim .-sKetomjw, doacripirive oi a cottage—tno coot of wincii ua.,& nunclred gittrte-as—ewutod by Mr Clough rt illiaiiiiS-Eijiis -at Merroir Common, ncair iVlr Wiltvaras- Ellieisaya: '"jV-ss sx irioiitns ago I gave it as I illy opinion, at a hoasmg meetan.g, Wiat one could not hope to bui:d anything of a cottage for rouüh, finder £ 200, and that though I oous.aered myself to ht.vo gtyen special, attenfeioa to ohoap cot tig ft building'; ih« andacitr and attractive impoosi- biiitv oi Mr Sirachey's JlllO propo«it;aa staggered nie, howevpr, in-tu 1:t5 I Ihou^iii.) a Do-eklem ac- c<?)b?ic& Ot his chat!e?e) and 110 MM is mora &mpri.sed At tKp rpru H MsMt n)yae?. DETAILS Of Altt WILLIAMS-ELLIS'S I 00ffA(M, Attcntioi) ia P-irtl"elllir.,y arawn to th.e fact that •a Very siiglii niotkfieat>on in the position of soiriio of hc kti^rioi' pa!- titisMM will bring tho floor areas aild fibta ceaittints of <4.:1 the rooms abova tho jnininuim (Sclidduld II.) in Soot-on 19 f oi the Hoklinga Committea Report. JlhlWl m kudtt tluroe bsdroorns c-xcied in flo w a.»xi euJ^se o £ Xhtant»s, not only tho Scinxiuio 11. mining, but ako thoeo of tne more liberal Schedule 1. A* see ;— Schedule I. Schedule II. The Cottage. Flo,r lJubio Floor uubio floor Cuoic Area. Content. Area. Content. Aiea. Content 1200, 144 1152 165 1243 jfedroom 2 100 800 100 800 144 1090 Bedroom 6 65 520 65 520 77 õJ9 Also, if the ten square feet and more of floor epaea casod in undent.♦lie staira be thrown into fili roocn, the floor area of the iiving-rdbm riaea the little neoewsary to bring it above tne Schedule ji 1).tt.- Sffciircaee itself into the room would bring it above 80ullary couki be enlarged at the tcxpense of fc, M.(..û lo.t; .Ylf,J. V) "<, AiWi'ixai.v-tfiy ^ius ivg"ara,s cutno con- | teiito;) tho uppeur floor might bo raised, giving i some of the excess of air space in tho upper j lootna to thoso below j JUowever, cneup, convenient, ami compact J planning within the close limits imposud has been field to be of greater importance than a rigid ad- henenoe to the very letter of tne Report Scuociulo ■ where the two feeemed to conll ot. Tho soaeduio I taken presumably as intended, not as an ar- bitrary rule but as a guide. Though as at pre- sent arranged the cottage is technically 4 Mnon- centormAst, it could be reouilt with the nwea- sary modifications so as to bring it within the pate of Schedule II. at slighrJy less cost than aa I executed, but, it ia held, at some little cost in coquet. oQJld convenience. L PLANNING. I '{f} front door op-ana into a light lobby at the I from wh.,ch an inner door opena into the ecreening it as it opens. This thna a thtee-lifriit casemenit to the and a trro-light casement to the west, and ite rang1?, which is thus well side-lit, is aufficiont- ly removed from doors and orO::iS draughts. A -useful extra oupboow is oontrived imder they a qtairs, whilst it £ (receeeed and boairdod flank ia i fittest up as a f ( J WliCiPe Wall end floor ,,pwe are of the kwwt Value &ti4 leasi Illuminated ia plaoed tlw tkxw to tha aeauefty, jtlllch U fitted with a atvwn-,extrwt- ing E91,f4t Md A ø!nk with draining board. From ta-0 ecttllpry OTtcm tho permanently metistilatwl t.&rAet Qnd tko back-door. Immediately owtoxle the tt ia tho door of th-c considerabio fuel-wiww, whWe fottod tho ourver, at tha cxtrem-o end of the kam-to, 16 tho earth-closet. Thg renwrt-'ider of the ground floor ia occupied by bedroom No. 3. A wide straightstiroaae, ooa- rcdc.it. for both the quick and the deadI as weli as for furniture, leado up from the lobby aforesaid to the two other bedrooms, Noa. 1 and 2, which are entere d from the directly lighted «;id ventilated landing. Both rooms are lighted by large oaaement3 well up in the gable enda, and cia the oaves walas are a full 5ft. 6in. in height, the whole of the floor area ia fuawtional arxi not merely theoretic. Mote on Alternative Chamber Plan. By pwtting a four-light casement in the 1-bick"- gable -end and dividing the present bedsroom No. 1 by a central partibion from floor to ridge, two smailer bedrooms could bo provided in Leu of tho single larger one, if fOUlnJ expedient. The fourth bedroom so provided would bo entered through. bedroom No. 2, and if tho four-light casemecQt and this connecting door be provided in the first instance at the cost of a few extra ah ill in gs, the dividing partition could be easily added at surne iater date (in matching conven- iently and at very small cost), possibly only as a temporary expedient to rne-ot the exigencies of a passing phaae of family life. Fireplaces oould ba roadiiy provided in all tho rooms if des.red, the parti lions all being radial from the ocntrai. stack. Tho ouu-ssion of the fireplace from bed- room No. 2 probably saves considerably lass thaoi a aovareign, as it is little if any more costly to build a square four-flued stack than an Liiha-ped throe-flued stack as adopted. I THE STRUCTURE. I The cottage is •constructed on a ibtua frame- woxk of home-grown fir resting OIL a. concrete* raft, a course of bricks and a damp-proof course intervening bet wean this last and the timbsr baseplate. Externally the timber carcassing- w sheathed with sawn "lath and a half" hr laths and rendered with cement oompo, the low-ea- por- tion of tho walls being additionally reinforced with strong galvanized rabbit-,nettirj(g. The lean- ro ia constructed in stud and woather-boarding. The roof is covered with blue-grcy PortrnadoO slates laid in a special diagonal manner (at a. 00.0- sildarable saving over the usual horizontal treat- ment), on battena which, with insiilating felt, overlie the roof boarding. This roof boarding is tongued and grooved 3in. dsal wrought on its underside to fcrnil tho ceiling of the upper bed- rooms. It runs from ridge to oaves, and is in- termedially supported by une purlin to each slope. There are no common rafters at all. On t'hoe in- S'ido tho outer walls are lathed and pla.stcrod in the ordinary way, as are also all the ground- floor ceilings. The ground floors are ot cement brought to a fine face, on the concrete bed aforesaid. The joinery ia of deal, saw for tho w:ndoi,oills, whio-lt are of oak, and is "solignuniodi" throughout. Drainage is from a trapped gulley outside tho backdoor connected to a drain of agricultural pipeo puddled in clay which discharges into a neighbouring ditch. Opening casements arc operated by a simple fitting combining t.he functions of cockspur and stay. The stepped chimney-top is designed with an eye to reducing tho chances of down-smoke. An edition do luxe of this cottage was first built—with a slight modified pbn-in silo and elm waatheT-boarding, at Compton, some ten miles off, for Mrs G. F. Watts. Tho accounts wore carefully censored amd analysed—plan and datoila were sightly altered as alao tho apccifiûJ,tiou--1I\ll extravagances and luxuries being eliminated, arui many money-saving expedients and oooaomiea bo- ing introdaiced. The Merrow cottage ia the re- vised "popular" edition of the above.

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AUSTRALIA'S OFFER. I

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