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GARDENING NOTES, I

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GARDENING NOTES, I BY HORACE J. WRIGHT, F.R.H.3. I STOCKS AND ASTERS. I The many varieties of asters, euoh as tru* comet, oatrsoh p.ume, victoria, and othgro, aro so beautiful and tho stocks arc so doliciou3iy fra- grant- tilat it Í6 impossible to permit their excki- eion from the gad'cien; on the ouncrary if it is to bo as interesting and attractive 8A it ought to be they rnusit bo exoaivsiveiy inoiudied. It is a simple matter to raiso tne p-Anw in gzam oovcired toxes on a. evmny wnuiow M-l or ev-un ui uic opedl oor- iters, but superior plants aJro grown vvftan the ececte &ro eowii in tjoxca of Lgn.t. sandy soil in geintle heat in a greeikhouae or a frame and it is that system whidh is reoommemded tor adop- tion. Two or threte eoseoxtial details aro that the soii siliall be light and that its aihall be level and moderately firm, and further the scods rnufit be thinly diepcwed to ernsure sturdy progress from tho earliest stages. Where the time can bo ppared and there is enough patiieJice it pays to set them. a couple of inches asunder as oiie need not then do any thinning since enough apaco » afforded to keep the ptainbs in splendid condi- tiion until they go to their flowerir^f qua.n:cr8 towards the end of May or in June, If bhia method » folk/vvecl. Itowever, buxtvi ivX less than eight iroheL3 in depth ought to be utilism be, cause the shallow ones popularly employed for seedlings do not afford s-uiiicient run for the reoU for a protracted period. If ordinary boxtxj lira ueed the seediingis must be transferred later to amaH pots or other boxes as may be tho more convenient. In any oaso make no attenipt to hurry t-.h e, plants on in heat; instead emooura^c thorn to ail, vanoe very at Daddy will t.hen be stronger and more satisfactory throughout, If a start is mado in tho greenhouse it is desir- able that, the receptacles aitil be removed thence to the frame as soon as possible an the growth Wiffl be stookier in tho laat named than In Itho first named etructure. From ctbrt to finish tha soil in the eoed boxra and also in the ftocimq boxes or in the nureory beds muiit be maintains] p'eaaantly moist, or rilo results' will bo s&rk-Ucly d icetl. DRUMMOND'S PHLOX. I When pCTMC-t p.artin of phuox drummondi, I fram a cihoioe etra:ai of ee«d, are prodiiced for culture in bedti they inake, a. glorious display tuui are wx»i«iy eDf inclitsion in. evory garden, but straggly, weedy tpeoimena from an inferior ■ source are not worth growing. Buy, Hhoircfoi'o, eoeds that are the finest procurable a>nd process in their cultur-o precisely as hea been Advised ki the caise of sbocks anti altera. "The treatirnvntj will not (filer until the pkwitti reach the bt<b w bordt-re in which they are to flower when iJ; gTOwthe will have to be pegged down to tho imr- iaoe to produce the brightest show. DOUBLE ZINNIAS. "I It is decidtedly a matter for regret that ama- teurs generally do not succeed art wol with tlve superbly beautiful zirmiaa as they do with othef charming p^nts coming within the category laf half iiartjy annuals ww it m difficult to suggeifit why this is so since the treatment of tho Qtw is ldc.iitioai ivith that of the other. The seeds, should, however, alwaya be piaoad in position at three incih inter\-aJa and immediately the seediings a.re big enough to handle each must be akv-,Otu modaiod in a three inch pot of liighfc eoil mafia inoderatei-y firm. The utmost caro in watering U imi>«riative as extitsnes in either direction will autsurediy load to trouitoio and disappomcmont. When rney have become ee^ahiiened after re- potting let theim have the beneiit of all tne .i.ifH.. aud Imjii tur t-ibtt can powj>.y be provided. itoom PL,AiM'S. I From th-e prosons raw onwards the pAanta in our rooms witi cksmand rwtaea: mere genaroutj aup- pJaea of water than, they have been accorded suioe the eaid of lost Ootobor and a little weak etimuiarrt wilt by no means oome amias to healthy, yiiforous t^pooiimcns WHOwe roots are raniltyag in a comparatively small buiK of soii. See tihat the Jieavos 1I.l'O kept quiue ojoaa* Wi well on tae under as the. upper feUdfaccts and when warm showers jure faiLing stand theuii out; or doors for em hour or two they inyaxiabiy appreciate auch treatment aind dewiv,) marked benefit irom it. PRUNING ROSES. t There is a widesjprtMid imozeet in all the varied detail connected with tho satisfactory progrctss of the plants wihioh we grow in our gardens, but it is quutai ocirtiajn that theire is no subject that is more genetraLy faocinatinjg than the (nit ture of rceee. They are grown by everybody in some degree or another fIiIld thoew who have no aspirations to ehitte in tho exhibition arena find oquady aa much ?njoymaat in the production of beautiful biot?o-nM w? wimh tho warden and the home are adorned as he who conttanplatm tho trophies on fclio Eadyboard of hia dming room. Mirny paopie 03111 only aiiord the space for two or three pjan&s, while othems can accommodate two dozen or three dozen and there wo beyond these thoso fortunate individuals who can count their planto of the quean of flowers by the thousand. No matter, however, whether tho collection bo a lairge or a small one certain drotai-6 of manage- ment reigmlarly occur at the different soao,ns of bhe year and the ono of the present moment ia pruning. It is a subjoot upon which there is « very wide diversity of opini-on both in reepect of the timoandf man nor of oarrying it. out. There are siuooasaful oultiyators who invariably do the required cutting aibout tihe middle of March, others who put it in hand after the middlo of that mcavth to complete, if poasiiblc, by the end, othens again who strive to finish between the beigi/nning and the iniddie of April, while still obhera do r.ot commence until the middle of the laet named mon-th and spare no efforts to oom. plete it by bho end No wander the um&teiur who is inexperienced with rosea hndi himeelf in a quandary and does not know how to decide wilich friend's advice » joun,d. As a matter of faot, all are correct since" they proceed according to their knowledge of the oil mate, &oil, and ai?uation of thMr gardens <<H of ?hkth have a decided J?MLpmg on the =. ter. Beyond doubt the safest ooureB for the novioe to punsuo is to seek the advice of a /riend in the immediaite clistriot of the garden and to aot on ill beaauae it will be practical informa- tion from personal knowledge. It is not usually diihoult to find a man to hold out a helping hand since all gardenera belong, more or low, to a. oommon bmtherhood--that of. tdio lovo of lfowers. If, howeror, it is impossible to secure" the desired illformatioll proceed on tho rule t-hat the lower the garden lies and the heavier the soil it con- tains the later tho pruning, and the lighter the eoil and the higher the garden the earlier the pruning. Tho reaBMi for this m thai in the val- leys tiho atmcephere aiiwiaya carries more mods- ture than it does on the hills and it ie frost on dttunp that does injury bo a mixoh more twious extent than frost on dryness. Then am rog the manner of pirunang. Here it ia not difficult to lay down rutos of general application, but those who take, am intense in- terest in the question and dcaire, therefore, to achieve perfection should purchase and study the ptrhning book of the National Reuse Society pro- ouira-ble from Air Edward Mawiey, lioeebank, Berkhamstead, Herts, for & 6d. It gives ox- pkoit inetructioms aa to low every vairietv in g,mwa culbva.tton ought to be< pruned, and the a??t" of procedure are made J%t az?d the aid of numerous dia?raji?. If, however, it ia not dosrred to go to audh an expense pro-ceed on tho baau that very strong growing variotlw mu-it be lightly out, medium vajietics rather more severely, and weak varieties very severely i,n. deed. where exhibition biooms are detsired/ and out a little easier in eadh insifeanoe where the ob- jeot in view ia to grow mimbors of attractive lfowers fcr tho gan-don and the home. With gtrdfn or docorative roccs the prun.inig should, as fair as possible, be restricted to ihin- n.ing, while with tiie rambdin<g roses the rulo o-Light to be to out ehoots which have flowered j to aifond ample epacc for tha new ones that Rln- miajlly pugfti up trom th" base of healthy p.ants. It cannot bo eaid tlra-fc rose prunilllg is difficult. of aooompilaliment, but it undoubtedly demands a modicum of ekill and caj-efll attention and con edderatlon. No matter wlw.t plaaits are being oht the impiiomeints ueed must oe aluanp, ca,use. a rough wound made by a blunt blade is alow to hf-al, wfticreaa a clean cirt heals over qu-ioklv I ASPARAGUS BEDS. Ihooe who grow this delicious vegetable must give sonio atk«iblon to the beds forthwith. If there are weeds present rftrovo t hmn, be oause we oanrnot afiord to provide food for the-m to the prejudice of the crop. Then carcfuiiy loœell the aurfaco of tho eoil, but sfcrermoitely avoid the leaiit injury to tho altoots. This done, give wator heaviiy if the aoij is on the dry sidp. looscin again two hours or &o later and thoit drees with one ounce of nitrate of soda to tho square yard. An application of double that quantity of eulphafto of potash w alraoGt invariaibly advaai- eOtlg RAISING TOMATOES. I it 16 witfun tho nu.mory of thl) older gei.,Pra- tion of giardenors that tomatoes wero grown < x- OMsiv(Ay' for th? dc<-orabiori of tho greenhouse and conservatory, but things aro vastly different now. There are, it ia true, stili some people who clin.g to the etupid fallaoy that tenmatoee conduce to rnnceir, but tlio vast majority are far too sen- sible to take bhe least notice of this rubbish, and who eat and enjoy iiliooiruito w henever they can get them. PraotioaiiJy 0.1,1 who grow plants Í7, greenhouacs or gardens introduce tomatoes sooner or later and after a little experience they achieve excellentr-results. The first sowing should now be made. Fill three indb. potts with light, &andv soil preyed moderately firmly; in tho centre of Clwh eat three seeds a quarter of an inch deep and stand titp pots in a warm corner of the greenhouse. Immediately the seedlings have grown eufhciently to enable fcho cultivator to de- cide which is the best plant tho others ought to bo romovo d ?"w tVi? )?nt be removed. Grow the plan to sturdily and strongly in a frame and eeo that they do not become orawn and weakened. Aftfor the am ill not* arc h?d with roots hWer t.h? p.nnts to larger still ?!? a 1?],.? open com- p?t. Hub o-?t all eido ?o.ota and in no circum- stancca whatever hurry tho plan-ts along.

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