TARIFF REFORM. (Continued.) TARIFF REFORM AND THE INCIDENCE OF TAXATION. In popular language^ this is putting the burden of taxation upon the shoulders of the people according as each person is able to bear it. The total number of persons whose annual income is above P,150 is 5,000,000. The total number of persons whose annual income ■'s below 2150 is 38,000,000. These figures I 'quote from Sir Rohert. Or iff en's wage census. Now, if Tariff Reformers' policy of taxing 'the importation of food is adopted; then, out 'of nine millions of new revenue to be derived 'from Mr. Chamberlain's tariff scheme, the working-class population whose wages range I from 18s. t6 F,3 per week, and who can least afford to pay it, will contribute or '30 per cent. of the total. .The wealthier classes, who can best afford to pay it, will only contribute £ 800,000, or 10 Per cent. The higher the duties OIl corn and dairy produce, the heavier the burden on the poorer "population will be, and this is 1 i kely to hap- pen once Protection is established. Mr. Balfour describes such a method of "raising revenue as "broadening the basis of taxation," but the late Sir Williaii). Harcourt, the ex-Liberal Chancellor, in a speech in Monmouthshire, described it as "making the rich richer, and the poor poorer." TARIFF REFORM AND THE COST OF LIVING. The effect of imposing duties upon imported .goods is that it raises the prices of those "goods to the consumers. That is not, merely 1111 accepted theory, hut it. is an experienced 'fact. In starting their propaganda, Tariff Re- formers said the foreigner would pay the duties; but afterwards they themselves found that statement too "frigid and calculated." According to the Board of Trade investigation in 190S, the proportion of a workman's ex- penditure on food from his wages is as fol- lows :— Weekly Spent. Percentage .Income, on Food. of his Wages.? 52s. 29s. 8d. 67 per cent. -31s. lid. 29s. 9d. 65 per c'nt. '21s. 4d. lIs. 4d. -1.. 67 per cent. I The lower a man's wages, the greater is the percentage on his wages which he spends on food and, therefore, the less money is avail- able for the purpose of the other necessities of life; so that a duty on corn, meat, and 'dairy produce, such as Tariff Reformers pro- Pose, to a workman who earns, say, 32s. per Week, will only leave him for other necessities such as clothing, boots, etc., 9s. 3d. for him- ,self and family. The price of the quartern loaf in this coun- try is 6d.; in Protectionist Berlin, Is. in Protectionist Munich, Is 6gd.; in Protectionist, St. Louis, U.S.. from JOeL to Is. lid.; in Pro- teetionist Toronto, Canada, 10d. These figures are quoted from "Milling, the organ of the milling industry in this 'country, and they have been obtained in re- ply to a, special enquiry. The experience of Germany. with horse fresh •"and. black bread is sad reading, and one is 'not surprised that the majority of voter. cast :at the last., election, in Germany was in favour of a, system of Free Trade in food imports. Of food-stuffs imported into this errmry, eorn bears a proportion of 60 per cent. Bread being the chief article of diet, the importance üfeheap bread cannot be over-estimated. Therefore, to create revenue for the State at the expense of thirty-eight millions of the Poorer classes, merely to protect a certain number of industries, is, in the language of the late Viscount Gosehen, an ex-Cliancellor of the Exchequer in a Conservative Govern- ment. "a gamble with the food of the people. TARIFF REFORM AND LABOUR. (EMPLOYMENT—WTAGES.) I "Tariff Reform means work for all." That, I like the "Belle of New York," was the sub- ject of all The town talk before and during the last General Election. (Even the Barber has flight the refrain—Nottingham Barber.) Mr Balfour said in a speech in Ipswich that Tariff Hüfonu rneHns "the promise of the hope of uiore employment/ so that there is a philo- sophic "doubt" about it. Statistics upon employment in. various "(01mtries are heterogenous, and not, arranged for purposes of comparison, each country "bavins a different method of recording them. The Board of Trade, in the "Labour Gazette" for November last, gave the following figures, based upon the experience of Trade Unions of i.-different countries;— "New York State 33 per cent. Massachnsets. 4 per cent. Norway 3 per cent. Russia 21 per cent. Belgium 2 per cent. "Germany 2 per cent. France 7 per cent. United Kingdom 7 per cent. The difference between Germany and the '"tfnited Kingdom is accounted for by the il net nations in the shipbuilding industry, which is not applicable to Genuany, heeanse, •••only a comparatively small number of Trade I Unionists are engaged in that country in ship- building. Besides, the United Kingdom em- ploys some thousands of Germans in hotels •■and restaurants, who, had thev remained in "their own country, would probably tind them- selves among the unemployed. The exneri- of Berlin, last Christmas, with, its 80.000 ••'unemployed, is fresh in history. The fact that Germany has 8000 labour exchanges and a system of insurance against unemployment 'is sufficient evidence that protection does not mean more employment. In the year 1908 the Washington. State on- ployed a special commissioner, Mr. W. P. 'Bliss, to vifeit European countries and pre- pare a. report upon" unemployment. This re- port was published a few months ago. Here is an extract of that report There are hundreds of thousands in the I United States who never oome before the charitable, and who dislike and even de- nounce charity, who are, ttfr least for periods of time, bitterly in need of work. Very few working-men pass through I life without being, for a time at least, in need of work." There is no mention •>f Protection in his :report as having.a bearing upon, to say H(I tIling of being a cure for, unemployment. Another interesting report is that of the Poor Law Commission last year. This, report. "•.stares:— "Unemployment is not only a matter of cyclical or seasonal fluctuations. It is now a permanent feature of modern industry, independent of the state of trade." That is the unanimous verdict of an imp-ar- Hal body of Government Commissioners. Now, if import duties mean more employ- ment, why do-not Protectionist countries put more import 'duties for that purpose ? such a step would be consonant with Tariff He form logic. Protectionist countries know J too well the consequences: as Lord Rosebery Put it, "that way lies Revolution": and in his matter it is far more applicable than to j the Budget proposals. As regards wages, the foUowing Ii gu res 1 have been published"by the Board of Trade:— AVERAGE WAGES PER WEEK. 248.: Bernn 24s.? Paris 369.' London 42s.v Provb; ci'al towns >rt Germany 22s. 6d. "fvance 22s. lOd. England 52?. Od. It will be found that in all European coun- I Ll'ies the wages aie very much lower than in J this country. The circulation of statements such as "More wages, more employment," is like the I dreUJation of spcuious coins, which will not be honoured. ITS EFFECT UPON INDUSTRIES. I Just as no man is independent of his en- vironments, so no trader is independent of either trader or consumer. This is the doctrine of expounded by Jchn Stuart Mill and other economists. Therefore, what is one man's raw material may be another man's finished article. Let. us take iron for instance. To the mine owners, iron ore is the finished article: to the smelting company it is the raw material. To the smelting company pig iron is the linished article: to the steel company it is the raw material. To the steel company steel bars is the finished article; to the tinplate-makers it is the raw material. To the tinplate-inakcrs tin pi ate is the finished article; to the stamp- ing and canning companies it is the raw material. The principle of inter-dependence always subsists where an article goes through a variety of stages in its manufacture, until it reaches the hands of the consumer. Where import duties are charged on manu- factured: goods to protect the products of the manufacturer of finished articles, and if they import raw materials which can he gotten and supplied in this country, the producers of law material will combine to protect their rights, and petition Parliament for duties upon imports of the class which they pro- duce. If the smelting and steel companies import ore from Canada, Australia, and Spain for their works, the iron ore mine-owners in this country (which produced in 1907 near sixteen I million tons) will require protection for their industry. Similarly, if tinplate-makers im- port tin ingots from the Strait Settlements and other places abroad, the tin mines in Corn- wall (which are already of sufficient impor- tance to be subject to special legislation, known as the Stannaries Act) will also de- mand protection for their industries. There will be at once tariff struggles amongst inter- dependent. interests. A notable instance of such conflicting in- terests occurred in Germany in 1905. The Tin- plate Trust, with its central bfHce in Berlin, petitioned the Reichstag for an increase in the scale of dlltie on imported tinplates from 50s. to SOs. per ton, according to the gauge of the plate. The tinplate users or consumers, consisting of the stamping and enamelling works, tin-box works, lamp works, toy works, and others, were up in arms against it. They at once formed a combine: established a cen- tral buying office in Berlin, and sent a strong counter-petition to the Reichstag against in- creased duties. The following extract from that petition is very significant: — "An increase of dutes would be detrimen- tal to the tinplate users, which require a. cheap plate to enable them to export manu- factured goods for successful competition abroad." Another notable v instance of tariff trouble with inter-dependent industries has occurred in Canada, and this was kept up for several years. It was in connection with the Cana- dian Sheet Steel Corporation of Morrisburg, Ontario. This company was established some seven years ago for the manufacture of steel, tinplates, blackplates, and galvanised, sheets, and is, by the way, now in liquidation. The Corporation petitioned the Canadian Finance Minister for a duty to be charged on tinplates. The makers of tin ware and the canning industries sent a counter-petition I against it. The tariff struggle between these two interests continued for a few years by periodical petitions and counter-petitions to the Canadian Parliament. The Corporation failed to make much headway in their works, because of the dumping of Welsh tinplates, and were almost on'the verge, of closing down. The town of Morcisburg came to. their rescue, and at last succeeded in getting a small duty imposed on tinplate imports. They still failed to compete with Welsh dumping. They then petitioned for higher duties, but the counter- petition prevailed against, them. Ultiluately, the tariff was taken off. Now, if the suppliers of raw materials in. this country succeed in obtaining import duties on their I)i-oducts-aiid they are bound to suc- ceed (for Parliament will not sanction protec- tion of one industry to the detriment of auothor),the cost of the finished goods will, of course, increase. South. Wales tinplate-makers will find it more difficult to compete in the, various foreign markets which they now command. A duty I on tin of 10 per cent., and iron ore 10 per cent, will make 20 per cent, advance in the cost, of production, and will result in a prohibitive price of plates for export. The total exports will then decrease, for Germany aud the United States will then be able to produce CInitea.s cheaply. The secret of the success of our exports to fore'gn countries is the cheap cost of production, as compared Protec- tionist countries. Tariff Reformers show tight against the dumping of steel bars into this country. They have an aidea that Free Trade is the cause of it. The cause lies in ihe protected countries. It may affect to some extent a section of steel-makers and workers, but at most it can only be temporary. It is only when stock in the protected countries exceed their home demands, rather than sustain the loss of in- terest on those stocks thev sell to our country. They do not cultivate the business. It is in- cidental. If they could sell 10 their home consumers they would obtain higher prices. They are only able to sell in this country at, a cost below production, because they get their profits on supplies to their home con- sumers. This country, therefore, gets the benefit of low prices at the expense of the con- sumers of the protected countries, and enables tinpiate-makers here to keep, down the cos)., j and so increase the volume of their exports. ,.11(1 ,o ii):erea?,.e the vA)I.liltl(l orxP'?l'is. a section of the steel-workers. On the other hand, it benefits the tinplate workers, railway, dock. and shipping employees, who H_ I point, of number are in the majority. I give here an extract of the report in the "Iron Age" for February (the organ of the steel industries of the United States) in regard to the Canadian Steel Corporation, to I,vhidt T i have referred: "Whene the Anti-dumping Duty was mam- tained, ihe benefit went mainly to the Welsh. exporters of tinplates to this market, as it ore vented the sale of United States tinplates here at sacrificed prices!. The removal of the Anti-dumping "Duty was complained of even more by Welsh exporters than by the Morrisburg manufacturers." The tinplate-makers, therefore, benefitted by 1 a small duty on imported tinplates inÚ) Canada. The United States could not pro- duce sufficiently cheap against B.dtish com- petition. This goes to "hew that, given equal conditions, a Free Trade country can compete more successfully than a Protectionist country in a neutral market. Steel and tinplate makers in South Wales are very sore about steel bars being dumped at a cost below production, but when they dump tinplates to Canada at nprolit to the ¡ detriment of Canadian manufacturers, to the ¡ loss of their capital, to the less of money to creditors, and the (loss of employment to Canadians, they say "it's business," and that, I suppose, Tariff Reformers call "cementing the friendship of our kindred beyond the seas and the bonds of Empire." (To be continued.)
FOR SALE.—Stephens' Ink (the beat in the market), ,,¡arr'e Inks, and Webster's Inks, Fountain Pens, Letter Files, and all kinds of stationery useful to house or office, at loweat prices at, HIP "Mercury" Office, 2& Street, LlanaUj-
Maintenance of the Roads. I SOME INTERESTING FIGURES. I At a meeting of the Roads Committee cf the Urban District Council, the Surveyor read the following statement, showing the assessable value of house property, number of houses, population, and details of cost of roads, sca- venging, street lighting, etc., in the three wards, for the year ending March. 31st, 1908:- I Number of houses.—Ward I., 2164; Ward IT., I 2442; Ward III., 1457. '¡ Population at 5 per house.-Ward I., 1C,820; Ward II., 12,210; Ward III., 7,285. Assessable value of house property.—Ward I, £ 21,620; Ward II, £ 23, 540; Ward: III, £ 8584. Average assessable value per house-.—Ward I.. £ 9 19s. Sd.: Ward II., £ S 12s 9d: Ward III., ar,5 19s. 2d. Assessable value of house property per head of population.—Ward 1., zPl 19s lid; Ward II., REPAIRS OF HIGHWAYS. i Twelve Months ending March 31st. 1909. Length of RORdS.- Ward 1., 7.46 miles: Ward II., 9.23 miles; Ward III., 5.21 miles. Length, of Baek Street,-Ward I., 4.95 miles; I Ward II., 3,19 miles; Ward III.. 2.57 miles. j I Lc?1).gti-i of Footpaths.—Ward I..28 miles: Ward n., 1.42 miles: Ward III.. ^29 m"es. Cost.—Ward. I., £ 1047; Ward II., £ 1655: Ward I III., £ 606. Average Cost per Hea(I.-IlTai-4. I., Is 11.2d: Ward II., 2s 8.5d; Ward III., Is 7.9d. I, Length of Roads towards which the County Council contribute towards Maintenance. I Ward 1., 1.38 miles; Ward. II., 1.31 miles; Ward III., 0.15 miles. I Contribution received from County Coiuic:V. —Ward I., £ 249 12s lOd; Ward II., z2236 15s 4d; Ward III., P,28 2s. Od. Average Cost per Hearl after deducting County Council Contribution.—Ward It Is 5.Bel; Ward IL, 2s. 3.8d.; Ward III., Is. 7d. Six Months ending Sept. 30th, 1909. Cost.—Ward I. E,CO, Ward II., Zz-)48, Wprd III., £ 257. Average Cost per Head. —Ward I' 10.2d.: Ward II.10.8d.; Ward III., 8.4d. Contribution received from Countv Council. —Ward I., -0124, 16s. 7s 8d; Ward III., £ 14 Is. Average Cost per Head after deducting County Council Contribution.—Ward 1., 7.4d.; Ward II., 8.4d.; Ward III., 8d. SCAVENGING HIGHWAYS. t Twelve Months ending March 31st, E08. Cosi.-Wanl L, £ 309; Ward II., £ 404; Ward III. £ 207. Cost per Head of Population.—Ward I.. 6.8d: Ward No. 2, 7,9d.; Ward III., 6. Id. COLLECTION AND REMOVAL OF HOUSE REFUSE. Twelve Months ending March 31st, 1909. Cost.—Ward. L, £ 697; Ward IL, P-833; Ward III., £ 455. Cost per Heal of Population.—"Ward L, IS. 3d. Ward II., 16.3d.; Ward III., 14.9d. j STREET LIGHTING. Twelve Months ending March 31st, 1909. I Cost.-Ward 1.. C728 10s. 5d.: Ward IX, £ 707 30s. 7d.; Ward III., £ 499 13s. 6d. Cost per Head of Population.—Ward I.. Is. 4.1d.; Ward II, Is. 1.9d; Ward III., ls.q..5d.
— Show, I We)sh Nationa! Show. THE REMOVAL TO LLANELLY. Since the National Show was established in W:des some years ago it has been held on a silo on the outskirts of Aberystwyth. Here the agricultural forces of Cambria have an- nually engaged, in keen though peaceful con- tests, and we have every reason to think (says the "M.orning Post") that stockbreeding in Wales has benefited by the worthy aspira- tion. which prompted the institution of this exhibition. At the annual meetings held within the yards' the rival forces have argued with, considerable vigour for and against the principle of a iixed show. Prosperity some- times covers a multitude of faults, and had Aberystwyth supported the society, fair wea- ther or foul, with sufficient loyalty to make the exhibitions a financial success, no doubt I the few voices raised against a. permanent site at the Cambrian watering-place would have struck an unresponsive note. But the gate I money last. year has fallen off to the extent of iL205 compared with 1908, and the sub- scriptions are less by £ 233, so that those I sponsible for the work of the society fur e Other thinga to think, of than loyalty to ;■ i ￼ un.'remunerative principle. Out of adversity we may expect some profit to agricultural Wales, for the recent meding of th2 Welsh National AgricuHural Society has agreed to I hold its show in August in Llanelly. It has I always seemed to the writer a mistake for aw. institution with national claims to localise it- self and neglect the wealthy industrial parts of the Principality. ?Nor is it possibte to make an exhibition truly' representative 01 the stockbreeding of the country unless a direct appeal is made, to 111(5 sympathy of North, South and Mid Wales, and that appeal can only be delivered by taking the show on circuit. A HINT FOR DEVELOPMENT. I If, Yery second, year the convenience ot exhibitors from both ends of the Principality were consulted by revisiting Aberystwyth Ihe financial resources which wonldbe materially strengthened by incursion every third year into the 2STorih and the Suruh. Wales has much that is distinctive in stockbreeding. Being a hill country its breeds might be ex- pected to mature slowly. So they do when they are kept 011 the uplands, but on midland, pastures there are many excellent Welsh I runts fattened annually at the same ago as Herefords and Shorthorns. There are diffe- rent types of Welsh cattle, the old Castle Martin breed being favoured by some, but a great si ep forward was taken when the cleavage k%as healed and one Herd Book established. Registration makes slow pro- gress amongst hill sheep breeders owing partly to the difficulties incidental, to proper super-, vision on very large mountain sheep-walks. There are many different traits in the breed I ■owing to the -efforts of "improvers," who have introduced alien blood, but the real tan speckle-faced sheep are to be found in large numbers on the mountains and much smaller in frame than the type favoured in lowland flocks and on the rielier pasttires. The true Welsh, pony is difficult to find in these days when the hackney has been so largely intro- duced, but in the races mentioned Welsh, breeders have a source of great agricultural wealth which the National Society should endeavour to develop.
CURED AT 78 of Chronic Cough by VENO'S LIGHTNING COUGH CURE. Mr. George Bradley, Long Street, Wotton: under-Edge, Glos., writes:—"Two years ago I had a serious illness, which left me with a I very bad cough, but Verio's Lightning Cough ¡ Cure cured me, after trying everything else in vain. I always use it when I have a cold or j cough, &nd it neve* fails to cure me. I am 78 J years of age, a fact which shows the wonder- ￼ ful sustaining properties of Veno's Lightning Ii Cough Cure. Vew/s Lightning Cough Cure is a perfect remedy for coughs, colds, bronchitis, asthma, t blood-spitting, nasal catarrh, difficult breath- ing, and all chest and lung troubles. Price 9Jd., Is. Isd., and 2s. 9d. of all chemists. Stationery! Station erv I-ALI descriptions of Stationery and Office Requisite* can now be had at W. B. Jonos and Co., 28 Market Street, Llanelly. For Cleaning I B curtains, car p ets, dra p eries, blankets; Walk and wood wor k Roors an d ft tiles; baths, stairs, stoneware, I;no leum, paint, eart henware- everything in the house* wmJMPfflflOElTE LITE ? ?t?f\? ????? makes Sprin g -cteanin g light, ￼ and ot h er c l eansino* ?\ you get soap and other cleansing ? ? ??tM???????? ?\?? a g ents, ready m i xe d for rou g h c l eanin g scru b bin g, an d all S p rin g -cleanin g in-or k ????NM??'?? ? You '?? use not^in& e l se; simply Naphtholite an d IF' IIj/i/yA y coW or wann water. ? S?? ? '? ??? ? once cold or warm water. It (yets ,it its wor k at once Y ?? Jfy '"? tioes it in quick time— d oes it well. It ￼ ￼ I ??9 ??? more than soap because it is more than soa p ￼ ??- ? -? ￼ ???J? The house Spring-cleaned with Naphtholite is WVO %ill# M/rLi Jjj Wealthy, for Naphtholite disinfects as well as ￼ disinfects as ,veIl as ill* M 7 You can clean everything—metals excepted— uul Uv y with Naphtholite. It harms nothing. 0. Get a taWet °f Naphtholite-2id.-for your ? ? 0 ? t( ??7? ?!? Spring-cleaning. Well begun is half done. mJ it) [A YEvery grocer and oilman stocks NaphthoHte, Sv P ? ??/??? ? -??????M t ?? ? ??? y? ?? ?c ?? NaphthoHte ￼ be sure you get the right Naphtholite J ?i? ? A?)( ?/y?'?vy ??? \? in orange wrapper—not" somethrng stmHar." ￼ ￼ NAPHTHOLITF. 'M???/?\?)0? SPRING-CLEAN RIGHT: USE NAPHTHOLITF, v S ^XX AA/Yj CHRISTR. THOMAS & BROS., Ltd., BRISTOL. • -aw
Rural District Council. O — • The monthly .meeting o £ tht* Kurul linnet Council was held at the Workhouse on Thurs- day, Mr. J. Ll. Thomas presiding. There were also present Messrs, W. Y. Nevill, Morley Joseph, W. B. Jones, John Davies, Llewellyn Owen, Morton Evans, Joseph Harry, Win. Llewellyn, and Daniel Davies, together with the Clerk (Mr. D. C. Edwards), the Medical Officer (Dr. Evan Evans), the Survey~or, and the Inspectors. A letter was Tcad from Mr. C. M. Jenkins, Llannon, •complaining of certain, repairs" made by the Council to the drains which had been laid through one of his fields. J The Siir\-e r ia;fis surprised to hear of the complaint. The Council had attended to the pipes. It would involve unnecessary expense if they decided to carry out the repairs which Mr. J en kins complained of. In reply to Mr. W. B. Jones, the Surveyor said the water did not interfere with Mr..Jen- kins at. all. The pipes were laid on the Coun- cil's road. There was a small drainage run- uing frum the maiu road, which Mr. Jenkins desired the Council io stop. Mr. W. B. Jones: What authority has Mr. Jenkins with regard to the main road ? The Surveyor: I cannot say. After further discussion, the matter was left j 'n ;he hands, of the Surveyor. 11e Surveyor reported that the Ponryates dr;.i;:ag3 scheme was being proceeded with. He also recommended that the tender of Mr T. P. Jones for the carrying out of the Hendy drain-age scheme he accepted. The Council adopted the recommendation. FLOODING OF HOUSES. With regard to the flooding; of the houses at Sandy, which Mr. W. B. JOllPR cOluplaÜwd of, the Clerk reported that he bad communicated with the County Council, who had replied stating that they were prepared to pay t.heir share of the cost of repairing the culverts. The Surveyor stated that. he had arranged to see the County Surveyor and Mr Mansel Lewis u i('ii regard to the matter. MEDICAL OFFICER'S REPORT. The Medical Officer's report showed that 32 deaths had occurred in the district during tire past lour weeks, which was equivalent to a. mortality of 16.97 per thousand of the popula- tinn, as compared with 11.40 for the corres- ponding period of last year. The infant mor- tality was 50 per cent., being exceptionally heavy. The deaths in each of the districts were as followsLlanelly Sub-rural, 8, equal to 19.59: Liwynhendy, Lianedy, and Glyn, 9, I equivalent, to 13.49; Llangennecli and Berwick, 5, equal to 10.35: and Pembrey. 10. which was equivalent to 10.50 of the population. j "'1., rn L TENDERS. I I ? 1 lie • h r,s reported, tne receipt ot tenders tor carrying cut certain work in Felinfoel. The tender of Messrs. Brown, Thomas, and John for 90 yards of 15-inch pipes was 3s. 3d. per yard, and that. of Mr. George Mercer, 3s. 7d. I Messrs. Brown, Thomas. and John would not accept responsibility for any breakage of the pipes during transit. It was decided to accept the tender of Mr. George Mercer, as it might eventually be the cheaper'. SCARLET FEVER. Inspector Morgan reported that seven cases of scarlet fever had been notified in the Liwynhendy district during the month, and thl: usual precautions were taken. LLWYNHEN DY SLAUGHTEPJIOUSE. The Inspector called attention to the had state of a slaughterhouse at Ddolfawr. Liwyn- hendy. Although IK- had -■«•! cd the usual lie had not deemed ir advisable to remedy the de- fect-s. Mr. Joseph Ban". asked the. nature of the Inspector's complaint. The Inspector replied rhat the sliiicl,ter- I house bad not been registered. Mr. W. Y. Nevill: It is not therefore, in ac- cordance with the bye-laws. The Clerk said that unless ihe owner com- plied with tfee notice by the next meeting, the Council should pi t 1 igaiust him. The Medical Ofr said the slaughterhouse had been a nuis j i for a long time, it was quite unfit for slaughtering animals. x Mr. W. B; Jones: When did the Inspector serve the notice ? Inspector Morgan: A few months ago. The Medical Officer said a plan of all slaughterhouses should he given to the Coun- cil. The appliances were not lit for slaughter- ¡ ing. I Jr was decided that fourteen days' notice be j given to the owner to comply with, the notice, and, in default., the Clerk was instructed TO! | institute proceedings against him.
I EUROPEAN POLITICS. o EXCUSES (iOOD AND BAD. leopie generally hint excuses, cither good, bad, or indifferent, in their attempt to justify their line lif action, especially if that action is not a. ri^hc one. Tin*. Jews will excuse their past action in crucifying .Jesus by attributing to Him the crime of blasphemy. Jesus makes ,11s,e of this well-known tendency in His parable of the invitation 1.4) the marriage feast. Th. first to receive the invitation "made light, -of it." "and they all with one consent began to make excuse." There is [ trouble to be in the earth, and it will be due to the policy of men and the selfishness of | nations. They will have their excuses for their policy, selfislmess. and pride. Germany had its excuse Why it- would not, join in with the disarmament proposals at the last Hague Conference, viz., that, lx-ing i i i-roi i powerful neighbours may become enemies, its national cxistejice would be en- i dangered if it, permitted its sword to become | blunt. England has got an excuse for its de- sire to keep the Navy predominant on the 1 ocean. To Bible lovers these excuses can properly classified, and. what is more. ilic-y will hf: utilised to further ihe Divine pjo gramme written in the. Scriptures. Cod ha;? i been interested in nations and their excuses. or, in other words, their desires, and has con- irollocl. them to further His glory. Bal, X-)Il and Rome's desire for territorial aggrandise- ment. was utilised at the proper time for the punishment of Israel and the destruction ni Jerusalem. Britain's friendship i'or the. Jew • will be utilised in the furtherance of the Divine plan to concentrate all nation's eyes on the Land of Desire. But Britain has one j failing that, is very abhorrent to God. It is pride. The pride of nations great humiliation at the ret-nm of to j the earth. The Day of the Lord will he a d iy of gladness to the children of humility: to the i | meek of the earth, it will be the day when 1 tliev shall inherit the earth (Mai. v. 5). But to the arrogant it. will be a period of 1110111:0- iW2. "The lofty looks ot man shall he brought low, and the harghtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the Lord atone shall be exalted in that day. For the day of the "Lord of hosts shall lie upon all that is proud and clotty, and upon all that is lifted up upon all the ships of Tarshish" (Isaiah ii.) Britain boasts in her Navy, and, humanly speaking, it is an absolute necessity to the situation, s But while there will bs an Armageddon on the land, there will be a. duplicate- of the Ar- mada on the water: so says the Bible (Psalm [ xlviii. 7). Here is an illustration of British thoughts on the Navv. taken from the "Stan- i dam," Feb. 17. 1910: BRITAIN'S PRl L)E, "There is not. a man in the country worth consideration who does n-,t inherit an honest- pride in the British. N avy. We do not RHY: that he relies solely upon lis protection to se- cure his personal, safety, and therefore 11e I desires to maintain the. strength of the Fleet, Of course he does. -But there is more than I that. The Royal Navy is the pride of Britain --Britain near or far. It is the sign of law. order, and .prosperity, the warden of peace, and guardian of trade, the rescuer in time of trouble—rebellion, flood, or earthquake. It is the most potent instrument of civilisation ever forged by the hand of man. Not. only are the British people willing to spend money on the inaintenanee of the Navy.tbev are anxious to spend money on it. They are proud of spending it. The Royal Navy is the pride of the nation. Let our statesmen set in authority, of what party soever, but. grasp that simple truth, and act upon it, and there would lie no more question of degrading the high, and inexorable claims of the Service by associating them with the disputable issues of corn mon controversy." WHY -GERMANY ARMS. (Waiting for the break-up of Asia, Minor.). Germany will atso have art excuse for fixing her eyes on Asia Minor, which includes Palestine, and the Land promised uncon- ditionally to Abraham—which promise re- mains to be fulfilled wlieit Christ rises Ahra- ham from the dead. But Germany little knows of her destiny declared in the Bible. If the reader's curio,sfty is aroused, let hint read Ezekiel xxx\iii. and xxxix., or Joel in., or Zec-hariah xiv. But here is her excuse in 1910. Herr Charles Tnclima-nn discusses in the January question of German aims and English oppogition. After denXi^'Ulra^' GermaBy wants 'war with this country, he- goes o to answer the ques- tion: "is Cermany retffty for "Most assuredly is," he "and I do not hesitate to aver il^t, it war ^-er-fe- declared to- morrow, Germany's intimate knowledge of this country, and this country's ignorance of Germ-any. w ould astonish even those bellicose critics of naval preparedness -who aife con- s;i i, I this much, f would show that,although Ger- many is for wgr,ytJi..any ;.cyu.3iry, war was never further from her intentions., "Why should not* dpTmauy be in a state of preparedness- for any emergency? Why should she he dictated to oy.any voillitry, to how she should, safeguard, her interests? If GeT- many chose to build a thuusaud Drcad- noughts, \\hy sTiould. any other nation take umbrage, so long as Germany herself pays the piper for the tune? Is it not the duty of a great, itotfiou-- like Germany, surrounded as she is on the one side b« Russia, on the other hy France, and on the sea side by England, to prepare herself for any emergency, including that of war! "I Germany keenly desirous cf annexina: i?w lands? Of coursy.4¡e js.J ?Kv could she be oti?rwise v/ith 'a p op?tbi?'?-sevent.y millions, w hich, in time to'WM'n? \?! with an increase of,.one million^a^uaily, be* -nigh on one hundred niilliorBS, soniixieu within nar- row limits? She'is like-a. Ijoiler on the point of bursting, with somebody sitting on the safety valve. She finds England in her way evervwhere. Germany must find An outlet for her surplus-, just., as, Japan is finding out- lets-for her people. But •■hither can she go J "Is India attractive-, to her The very idea is ludicrous. Germany has neither the desire nor the means -to. relieve another nation of an irksome buj-den. Equally ludicrous is the idea of an aft rick Oil Austrilila ? an ad a. Germany has no wo the Monroe T?octrine permit a"? 3ar:H'i? on American soil: this apart-.from the lo?aHyatid. tlii. al);irt the azi??.. "Nor does Geimany-premeditate can rat-tempt, on Egypt, or any otlje^colqny over.which the British flag is flying to-day. There may bo moments when she secretly covets, Sav. J-aNa or Sum atra, but what; interest- has England in either of those isliands? "Let me express an ■opinion': the dcy is not far distant when Asia Ali nor will fall, figura- tively to pieces. It wo;:iId*be a contretemps to the liking of Germany. Who could prevent annexation in that direction, when Germany would have ouly ? '?alk 'through Austria in order to plant lier ?lag on the desired spot?" Herr Tuchmann fi?g*'Oii -iii desired of England. # To he continued^ God wilLng.,
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