I NEWS IN BRIEF. I -4- 1 Tragedies and Disasters. While playing near a pond at Blackpool John Cowell, a little boy two yeans -old, fell in and was dirowned. The body of Edward Emett, a middle-aged man, was found floating in the sea below Loch Promenade, Douglas. When the tide receded at Southend, the dead body of a well-dressed man, 6ft. in height, and aged about 65, was found on the beach. In hie pocket was an old-fashioned double-barrelled pistol. Philip Lillburn Beall, ten, the son of Captain Beall, died under chloroform whilst being operated upon for the removal of his tonsih?. A jury at Maldon returned a verdict of "Death from misadventure," and attached no blame to the medical men. Hilda Ricketts, 13, of Bristol, had on her lip a pimple, which her mother pricked with a needle. A coroner's jury returned a verdict of "Death from blood-poisoning," the doctor stating that the needle could not have been clean. Depression in trade, leading to excessive drinking, was said to be the cause of the suicide in Regent's Canal of Reuben James Jackett, 27, a Paddington cabman. A verdict of "Suicide while temporarily insane" was re- turned at the inquest. Mr. James Chandler, of Lambourn, the well- known trainer, was found dead with his throat cut in a wood on Windmill Downs. Chandler trained for Sir E. Paget, Sir R. T. Hermon Hodge, Lord Falmouth, and other well-known sportsmen. Accidents. A boy about fourteen years old was shot during a street fight. in Galway-street, CLerken- well, but not dangerously injured. A motor cyclist named! Watson, of Hoole, came into collision with a motor-car at Neston, Cheshire, and was seriously injured. While, dressing in a cricket pavilion at Birds- well, near Barnsley, a young man named, Giles was struck by a stray bullet from a neighbour- ing rifle range, and seriously injured. A street has been wrecked by th-e collapse of a disused! coal mine at Quarry Banks, Staffs. Ae the. result of a prick from the thorn of a rose, Thomas Collie, of Winnoth Dale, Stafford- shire, has died from hloodl poisoning. The brigantine General Lee, of Dublin, and the steamer Supply, of London, put into Holy- head, they having been damaged in a collision off Bardsey. 0 Owing to the collapse of a cart upon the tramway line in Kennington-park-road, Ken- nington, traffic was delayed for 45 minutes, and the remarkable sight of a line of electric-cars a mile long was witnessed. Running out from behind an electric tra-mcar which he had been following near Twickenham Green, Stanley Cole, a boy of ten, was knocked down by another car coming in the opposite direction, and killed. A fatal boiler explosion occurred on board the Cardiff tug Prairie Flower when off Penarth. The manhole door of the tug's boiler was blown out, and Patrick Ryan, an engineer of another tug, who was asleep in the stoke- hold, was scalded to death. Knocked down by a motor-car in Nottingham- road, Ilkeston, a boy named Levett, aged six, I had his skull fra-kured, and died in the hos- pital- Cases Tofd in the Courts. The Epping Rural District Council was fined £ 25 at Harlow for polluting with sewage the River Stort, a tributary of the Lea. Albert Edward Carter, the, chauffeur who was concerned in the Markyate motor-car tragedy, was committed for trial by the Hexael Hemp- stead magistrates. A verdict of "Accidental death" was returned at the inquest on Henry Arthur Cuthbert New- love, a page at the India Office, who was killed i. a lift accident there. "I have been married three times, and they are all alive," coolly observed' James Edward | Martin when charged with bigamy at Tower Bridge. At Leeds Police-court.—Mr. Willey: Have you been summoned for persistent cruelty before ?—The Husband: Not for persistent cruelty.—Mr. Willey: What was it for?—The Husband "Conjugal rights"—"conjugal per- isisteney"or something of that kind. A policeman told Mr. Plowden at the Mary- lebone Police-court that he did not think a cabman would make a charge that was not correct. Charged with converting CI40 to his own use, Richard G. Pidcock, a solicitor, was re- manded at Eastbourne. Messrs. Burgoyne, Burbidges, and Co., chemi- cal manufacturers, were at the Guildhall ordered to pay fines and costs amounting to £ 6 15s. for employing young persons longer hours than 'the Factory Acts allow. The de- fence was pressure of business. The World of Sport. The Hon. Charles Rolls' party, including Mr. Cl,aud, Faulkner and Mr. Masisac Buisi., arrived as Boulogne, having motored from Monte Carlo, a distance of 771 miles, in 28hrs. 14min., beating the previous record by Shrs. llmin. Mr. Cecil Healy, of Sydney, who represented Australia in the swimming contests at the Olympic Games, arrived in England on Thurs- day. He will be a -starter in the 100 yards English championship race at Nottingham, on 0 July 12. Military and Naval. Quartermaster Sergeant Jord&n, for making a false accusation against his commanding officer, Colonel O'Leary, Inspector of Army Signalling, ha.s been reduced to the rank of corporal. The annual estimate for the manufacture of small arm ammunition shows that Woolwich Arsenal is to receive an order for 22,500,000 rounds, and the contracting firms one for 29,000,000 rounds. This is 1,000,000 more for Woolwich and 7,000,000 less for the contractors than last year. Interesting trials have just taken place near Rome of a new military motor-train, which it is thought will solve the problem of rapid military transport over ordinary roads. An instructive statement on the new scheme for the training of naval officers is made by Professor Ewing, Director of Naval Education. He declares that the first results have been most successful, and that the scheme has come to stay. The old Admiralty yacht Enchantress has been converted into a club house for the 1100 of mem- bers of the Motor Yachlt Club. Social. The banns of Samuel Wilberforce and Kathe- rine Sheepshanks, daughter of the Bishop of Norwich, were published in Norwich Cathedral. Mr. Randal Cremer, M.P., who was taken ill in the House of Commons, has now recovered. The acute pain from which he suffered) was caused by ptomaine poisoning, tihe result of drinking a glass of tainted milk. Mr. John Redmond, M.P., declared at an Irish gathering in London that he was sick of speeches, and instead of a speech he recited "The Story of the Dream of Monk Felix," from Longfellow's "Golden Legend." The death took place at Huddersfield of Judge Carver, K.C., county-oounfc judge for a large district of Yorkshire. It is only two months ago since he was appointed. The Rev. L. C. Wood, known as Lancashire's "G.O.M. of Agriculture," has celebrated ibis eighty-sixth birthday, and! entered upon his sixty-fourth year M vicar of Singleton, near Blackpool. The King and the other members of the Royal family attended the Opera, the occasion being the first production in England of Poldinis "The Princess and the Vagabond." Sir William Bull, M.P., has beeai presented with a silver salver weighing 120cz. by the members of the Hammeaamith ConservatIve As- sociation. The Prime Minister gavea luncheon at Down- ing-etreet in honour of Prince Tsai Tse and the other Chinese Commissioners. Commercial and Industrial. During the laslt year the price of tin has risen from L138 to £200 a ton, and a boom, which will greatly benefit the Cornish mines, is, it is said, about to set in. Some lively protests against the Sunday open- ing of their shops were made by shareholders at a meeting of the British Tea Table Com- pany. The directors stated that they would be guided by a vote of the general body of share- holders. An order was made in the Chancery Division directing the London Electrobus Co., lAd., to return their money :to dissatisfied subscribers to its shares. It is reported in Glasgow that or dorr, for 85 locomotives and tenders have been placed with Glasgow but Idlers. Fifty of the locomotives are for South Africa. From Other Lands. The Sultan of Turkey has contributed £ 1,0QC to the fund in aid of the sufferers by the Vesu- vius disaster. Forty thousand Vienna bricklayers have been locked out by their employers because a numbei of the latter were boycotied. Mr. A. J. Esterling, who killed a negro whc had attacked his daughter at Austin (Texas), was released on a bail signed by 47 women. In the mattress of an aged beggar woman known to the neighbours as "Old Mother SriilF"- who was found dead in her bed in Paris, £ S,20C in banknotes and £ 800 in gold was found. The decree of beatification of Julia: Billiart. who nursed many wounded men at the, battle oi Waterloo, and founded the Order of the Sisters of Notre Dame, was publicly read at St. Peter's, Rome. A man suddenly appeared before a, party oi people who were taking refreshment in the Cafe de l'Amiral in Paris, and fired at them several times, killing one. Fearing punishment from her parents, a Dresden girl six years old attempted to- commit n;, C suicide by lying down before an approaching train. The. engine was stopped six feet from the child's head. While the Queen-Mother of the Netherlands, who has been attending the silver wedding of Prince Alexis von Bentbeim und Steinfu-rt, and the Prince himself were out motoring, their car collided with a butcher's cart and was upset, throwing out the Queen -and the Prince, both of whom were slightly bruised, but otherwise escaped without injury. Perfect safety characterised the duel between the Count de Noailles and M. Millevoye, the editor of the "Patrie," in the Pare d-es jprinces at Paris. Other Interesting Items. A special compartment has been reserved for smokere in the new Vanguard motor-omnibuses running from London to Brighton. The vehicles have no roof seats, so are divided, by a, parti- tion, the front division being labelled "Smok- ing. Erected by the subscriptions of some 2000 working men, abstained glass window in memory of the late Sir Benjamin Hingley, Bart., was unveiled at Halesowen Church, Worcestershire. The thief who broke' into the house of the Rev. Prebendary Webb-Peploe, at Onslow- gardens, decamped not only with jewellery, but also with £ 81 in gold and1 silver and five C5 Bank of England notes. The Rev. B. H. Boea-nquet, vicar of Thames Ditton, announces that during the boating sea- son special seats will be reserved in his church for persons who wish to attend in boating cos- tume. Dr. Thomas O. Chamberlain, head of the Department of Geology of the University of Chicago, believes the earth will be habitable for a hundred million years to come. Ipswich Town Council, which carries on a lunatic asylum, has received a contribution of X1500 from the asylum profits for the past year in relief of the, rates. Mr. Henry Wright, who within -a few days wold have been ill "hie lOletyeeir, died suddenly in bed at Halifax. He had expressed) a wish that he should die, in his sleep. An important conference on infant mortality is to be held in Caxton Hall, Westminster, on June 13 and 14. While a cow was being driven to Leicester cattLe fair it entered the garden of a well-known boot manufacturer, passed into the house, and wrecked the drawing-room, defying all efforts to remove it for two hours. Chuter and Rollit, the convicts who recently attacked two warders at Dartmoor Prison, have been sentenced by the board of visitors to re- ceive respectively one dozen and two dozen lashes with the cat. A firm of organ builders were about to -ship a magnificent specimen of their work to San Francisco when the earthquake occurred. The contract was cancelled, and the Sunderland corporation have now secured the instrument for the Victoria Hall for £ 1500, £ 1000 less than the original value. At a Local Government Board inquiry at Hadlow, near Tu-nbridge Wells, an assistant overseer stated that until recently the village had been deprived of the services of a parish council, the councillors having gone on "strike" for two years.
FATAL FALL FROM CLIFFS. The body of Mr. Frank Brooks was found at the foot of Freshwater Whiteeliff, near the Needles Lighthouse, Isle of Wight. It was evident that he had fallen or thrown himself over the diff at Tennyson Beacon, a point where the cliff is 600ft. high. A ten-year-old boy named Barnett was gathering flowers at the edge of the cliff between Ranisgate and Broadstairs, when he fell over and was ill-, stantly killed.
— DROWNED ON THE HONEYMOON. Mrs. Maria Bella Kershaw, who had been married only a few days, was drowned at Crookham, a village on the Berkshire side of the Thames, on Monday. She and her husband arrived at Crookham for their honeymoon on Thursday, and cook quarters at Dr. Harding's house, which she left saying she would take a short walk before breakfast. A little later George Hatch, a gardener, saw her walking up and down beside the mill stream, which is part of the Thames. She paced back and forth in this way for a quarter of an hour, and then walked into the stream. Hatch jumped into the water, but found it too deep, for he could not swim, and turned back. He summoned assistance, and after 40 minutes the body was recovered, but all efforts to restore animation failed. Mrs. Kershaw left no letter or any clue to an explana- tion of the occurrence.
MUCH MARRIED MAN. A fourth charge of bigamy was made at Salis- bury against Albert Henry Capper, who has already been charged with marrying four women, and is now committed for trial. The latest" wife is Miss Rosina. Clamp, who said that Caper went through a form of marriage with her at Hampstead in 1903. One occasion she was awakened by something cold on her face, and found Capper standing beside her bed with one hand behind his back. Sue thought he had a lmife, and when she asked what he was doing he said "I would sooner see you dead th an in the pass I have brought you to."
I EPITOME OF NEWS. During the spell of oppressive weather slight earthquake shocks were felt at Guernsey, but no damage was done. While cycling in St. Albans a lady collided with a trap in which the Earl of Verulam wafr driving to the station, and was badly injured. At the invitation of London University an<I the Association of Modern Languages, a de-le, 17 tion of French professors will visit London,: Whitsuntide. WhiLe unloading bales of cotton from the j m. Director at Liverpool Richard1 Hughes, » dock labourer, was bitten by a scorpion, and now lies in a damgerous condition. A gang of Chinese attacked a homestead im the Kiiprivereberg district, which had, recently been raided. A trooper stationed there to pro- tect the house shot two of the gang dead, a,nd it is believed that the remainder have bee,%» arrested1. Experimenting with the soil affected by the-, ashes from Vesuvius, Professor Montanari. off Porkci, finds that all seeds and plants are killed when planted in an equal mixture of ashes aucJ old soil, but when two-thirds of the old soil is mixed with one-third of ashes, corn, millet, and hemp have;succe-,ded in growing. King Alfonso of Spain has informed the pre- sident of the Bavarian- Automobile Club that he intends to have a motor-car built capa-ble of running at eighty miles an hour; not because his Majesty intends racing at that speed, bui1 because the Spanish roads, owing to frequent stiff gradients and! loose surface, necessitate a specially strong car. I Salford Corporation tramways made a net profit of £ 22,000 last year, of which L13,000 goes to relieve rates. The patternmakers in the engineering trade came out for an advance of wages in the Bury district. The Rev. W. Barnsley, of Southampton, was conveyed to Winchester Gaol for the seventh. time for seven days as a passive resister. The traffic returns for the L.C.C. tramways show that the receips for the week ended April; 28 were k-24,291, making a total for the month- of £ 107.701. Lily Masters, 17, servant, received a. sentence j of six months' imprisonment at Hastings for stealing jewellery to the value of £ 37. The girl invented the story of a burglar in the house. ( General Hutchinson opened at the Royal, Asylum of St. Ann's, Redhill, a miniature riffoe range, provided with the sub-target rifle, and subscribed for by the committee of management of the school. A man found shot dead on Blackhe-a-th had' the initials "C. J. M." tattoed on his right ,arm. On the left were two hearts, an anchor, the figures 1888, and three stripes over the eiglfc I "2LR." "Suicide" was the inqueslt verdict> Representatives of -an American syndicate" have opened negotiations for purchasing an important colliery property some five or six miles from Bolton. There are several seams of valuable coal being worked on the property, the output exceeding 1200 tons daily. A cabman, a plaintiff, told the Brompton County-court judge that he earned 25s. a day. He had a, contract for 30s. a day four days in the week. "I am pleased to hear it," said the judge. "I have heard very different tales from cabmen who have appeared1 as debtors." The executive of 'the Cecil Rhodes Memorial Committee have decided to build a Volunteer drill-hall on a site acquired in the centre of theo town of Bishops Stortford laB a permanent me- morial to Mr. Rhodes, who was a native of thet town. A neat and smiling lifctle lady—one cannofc call her old under the circumstances, though efae admits to ninety eummeie—celebrated hey birthdiay in tfeoi almshouse at BrighkUngeeaS' 'ay k inviting two of her old sweethearts to tea. f was ninety-three and the other ninety. I It is stated that the marriage of Lady Alex- andra Carrington, daughter of Earl Carrington, and Captain Grant., which was arranged for this- month, will not now take place, 'and all the' wedding prelSoEmtø have been returned to tllosa- who sent them. Giving ovi-dence at Bow-street against" William Cecil Watson, who is charged with obtaining money by false promises of engage- ments to theatrical artistes, Miss Nita le Brun, of Streatham-hill, said she paid the man £8, and all she got was a cup of coffee. A handsome turquoise ring was found in the collection plate at the annual meeting of the P.G. at Ryde, Isle of Wight. The Naples courts have acquitted twenty-five Chinese and an English sailor named Clarkson who were arrested in connection with the mutiny on board the British steamer EdsohJ' last March. It was announced at the meeting of the Auc- tioneers' Institute that it was hoped to bring before Parliament the question of the position, of auctioneers who received instructions to sell goods held by hire-purchase agreements, and were afterwards proceeded against for doing, so. Miss Harriet Stocktady, manageress of a dye- ing establishment at Liverpool, was bicvcling to- business when her machine skidded, and she fell under the wheels of a passing cart. She was killed instantly. Mr. Charles Brunt, of Ashby, Leicestershire,, was found dead at the foot of Pistern-hill, four miles from the town. His bicycle lay in the road beside him. It is supposed that he died- of heart failure. Mr. Alfred Benison, a hotel keeper, of Greats Barford, near Bedford, whose wife died sud- denly a week ago, committed suicide by shoot- ing himself. The submarines A 3 and A 12 arrived at Chatham for inspection by the local dockyard officials, the Admiralty having decided to build some vessels of that class there. John Hill, a man of weak intellect, was found' guilty at Liverpool of the murder of a boy twelve years old, and sentenced to death. The jury recommended him to mercy. The jury in the suit of Mr. Frederick Wil- liam Deakm, a Lichfield farmer, for divorce, found that both husband and wife had been guilty of misconduct, and the petition was dis- missed. During the last three months the local rail- ways and tramways ip New York collected £ 59,400,000 a gain of 141 per cent, over last year. The tramways carried 8,700,000 pas- sengers in 1905. Mme. Jane Hading announces her intention of making a tour through the English provinces, Scotland and Ireland, towards the end of this month, and afterwards opening the Coronet Theatre, London, on June 11. The Archbishop of Canterbury, presiding at the annual meeting of the Society for the Pro- pagation of the Gospel, announced that it had been decided to build a new home for the or- ganisation two and a half times as large as the' former building, which was demolished in the course of street-widening operations. One of the first cases of sudden death the recently-appointed coroner for South County Dublin has had tragically brought before hiJI11 is that of his own wife, a popular French lady" who died with painful suddenness at her hoiDf" In replying to Mr. Hicks-Beach's suggestion that the Government might make a grant to st. Helena to compensate for the removal of the garrison, Mr. Churchill said the interest of t-110 island could not be a matter of indifference to the Government. To enable friends and supporters of the en- tente cordiale to recognise each other either at home or abroad, the" Anglo-French Re view," which is published partly in French and partly in English, has designed a tn- coloured rosette to be worn in the one of which has been accepted by King E""1 ward VII.
MANURING POTATOES. The results of experiments in the manuring of potatoes, carried out last season at 33 centres in 14 counties of Ireland, are reported in the Journal of the Irish Department of Agriculture. The average crop without manure was 4 tons 13ewt. with 20 tons of iarm manure it was 10 tons 3cwt. with 15 tons of the same manure, 9 tons lewt.; with the same and lewt. of sulphate of ammonia, 9 tons 16cwt. with the further addition of 4cwt. superphosphate, 10 tons 5 ewt.; and with the still further addition of lcwt. muriate of potash, 11 tons 5cwt. The sulphate of ammonia when alone added to the farm manure paid, that and superphosphate paid much better, and the three artificials paid best of aU.
w THE MATING SEASON. The time has arrived when the ordinary farmer who does not go in for breeding high-class show jmimals has to make choice as to a sire, or sires, to -uaewith Ms mares, and although they are of the non-pedigree order there is plenty of room for the use of skill and judgment in mating so as to get foals which will be readily saleable at any age. Too often no planning whatever is done, says the Agricultural Gazette," the breeder just trusting to luck and the horse that turns up at the right moment. The majority of farmers want cart horses for replenishing the team, and with this end in view a sound and registered Shire stallion is about the best to patronise. Activity is an essential point in a draught horse, and this the modern Shire possesses in a marked decree, although there was a time when the average draught stallion was a round-boned animal with curly hair, and (often) greasy heels which he could not use with the force and dash of the show animal of to-day; so that if farmers seek for the heaviest liorse they can find, the probability is that they -will get what is called "a good mover."
OTHER GRADES. Other grades of horses do not appeal to the I average agriculturist, such as hunters, Hackneys, and Polo ponies, but still one meets a farmer who lias a useful light-legged mare which has produced a high-priced hunter, or a valuable carriage horse, and such a one should certainly be given another opportunity to repeat the performance, seeing that the light-legged 16-handers, whether hunters or carriage horses, are none too plentiful even in these motoring days. The great thing is to put the mare to the task she is best fitted for. If she is a short-legged, roomy draught animal she need not be big to produce an eighty pound gelding, but if of the narrow cabber type it is hardly wise to use -a weighty Shire stallion, lest a big foal causes trouble when the foaling day comcs.
TEAM MANAGEMENT. J Working horses have had a hard time of it through toiling long days at the sowings and the cleaning of the fallow land (says the "Rural World"). There will be some respite now, and, what with the rest, and plenty of grass in the field and forage in manger, lost condition should be Boon regained. But corn ought still to be gener- ously dealt out, as green meat will not have so much nutriment in it this month, or, at least, in the early part of this month, as later on. Sweet hay should, therefore, be mixed in with the vetches, and if the horses do not take the hay kindly, blend- ing may be so managed, by choppingthetwo foods, 1 that there can be no taking off the one and culling I the other.
METHODICAL FEEDING. I There is apt to be laxness in feeding the team when grass comes. Still, this ought not to be. The carter should be astir by times in the morning, and serve chaff and corn, with a little hay for the animals to work on, so to say, without undue hurry. That hurrying into the stables, serving out the corn in too big feeds, rushing back to breakfast, and then returning to yoke out the team bespeaks not good management nor a capable carter. It takes ahorse nearly two good hours to feed in the early morning sufficient to be able to do its work afield, and that time should be spent by the carter in giving repeated small feeds, offering a draught of water now and again, grooming, putting the harness leisurely and carefully on, and so forth. The horse half fed before going afield becomes faint be fore returning to the stable, and that is pre- cisely how condition is lost.
The Cecil Duncombe Observatory, on Wood- houee Moor, a lofty eminence at Leeds, was opened by Professor Turner, of Oxford. Major Duncombe has given a large reflecting tele- scope which belonged to his father, the Hon. Cecil Duncombe. The Leeds Corporation pre- sented the site. At Whitwick, Leicestershire, the wife of a butcher gave birth to triplets, all girls. Replying to a question in the House of Com- mons, the Chancellor of the Exchequer stated that the totad amount paid in licenses for aP motor vehicles during 1905 was
I GABDEN GOSSIP. I Moss on Flower Pots.-Not a few, ladies eepe- cially, are irax the habit of packing green live moss round pot plants, because it tends to im- prove their appearance. This moss checks air getting into the soil, and also tends to keep the soil constantly wet. The moes decorators frequently very lavish with the water also, and it is n-cti at all uncommon for Maidenhair Ferns and. plinia to stand in ornamental pote, with t inch or more of water at the bottom. It r.e- quires no imagination to fore&ee what eventu- ally happens, and yet the moss and waiter m,aiiipulal-.om fail to understand why their plani.3 die. Gloxinia Her Majesty.—So fahionable has it now become, among gardeners who are short of greenhouse accommodation, to treat the Gloxinia as -an annual, that there would seem to be a danger of many of the beautiful named varieties passing out of cultivation. This i-s to be deplored, as while seedlings from a good sjtrain are undoubtedly worthy of every cultural attention, yet it is obvious that those plants which have received varietal names are superior to the general run of seedlings, or they would never have been honoured by being named. Most old groweas will remember the sensation IA-)at followed the introduction of the, beautiful variety Her Majesty. The raisers were con- gratulated on every hand upon supplying what WiRe felt to be a nea.1 want—a pure white Gloxi- nia. The favour that was bestowed' upon Her Majesty then has continued until the present day, and it should cenfcainly form the nucleus of any collection of named: varieties'. Fort a- nately, its price is now relatively low, and with the plant lending itself so readly to propaga- tion by *j9 young shoots in spring and leaves in summer, a stock might soon be worked up. and the initial outlay repaid tenfold. The Decline of the Hyacinth.—This highly fragrant and once popular spring flower would seem to be rapidly losing its hold on the public so far as outdoor cultivation is concerned. In- quiries have failed. to elicit a satisfactory reason for this. The scarcity and high price of good bulbs may have had some influence in this re- spect, but the fact that its place has been largely taken by even more expensive bulbs in many public collections somewhat dis- counts this theory. Another reason put forward was that the Hyacinth always presented a formal appearance and was not regular in com- ing to Itime, and thus spoilt many otherwise good designs; the same reasons, however, may be urged against the Tulip, which has increased in popularity. For window or house decoratioi; the Hyacinth is one of our best spring bulbs giving It he utmost return for the small amount of attention required. » Treatmjanft) of SeedBi of Hardy Perennials.— Many seeds of hardy perennials "are lost by net shading the glass under which the pots axe placed, and by not attending to the careful watering. A piece of brown paper and a sheet of whitened glass, or even a slale, put over the pot until the seeds germinate will save many, i but these should, 'be removed when the seedlings appear. Many young seedlings are also lest by full exposure to the sun when in a critical stage. A Warm Wall Shrub.—Chimonanthus fra- grans should be grown by all who value sweet perfume and quaint blossoms that appear in the depth of winter. The flowers, a dull yellow, marked with purple, unfold in January or even earlier, and if laid on leaves floating in bowls, or saucers of water, will last fresh for man, days, and effectually scent a room. Some per- sons know this shrub best as the Winter Sweet, others call it Allspice. The position must be sheltered, so against a south or south-west wah is the one generally selected; the branches -then being trained out. In southern counties it frequently flourishes aa « buth in the open. WTiiVs in very cold places it can enjoyea under glass, against the wall of a greenhouse or conservatory. An ordinary loajay eoil suits H well, and if this seems at all heavy sand can be ad'ded, while some old hotbed manure is gene- rally desirable. When it, needs littie attention. A close pruning should be given as soon after flowering as the weather is free from severe frost. < Violets.—Although these do not thrive as satisfactorily as one could wish in all gardens, they are such prime favourites that everyone tries his best to grow them. The present is an excellent time for propagation, and the sooner the work is put in hand the better are the results likely to be. The position iW^cted should be dug very deeply, and have a generous' dress- ing of well rotted manure incorporated, as it i., particularly desirable that steady. gwnvth shell continue through the summer. If the soil i* light, i,t should be firmed somewhat before planting. Healthy rooted runners, require- row., 15 inches asunder, the plants being 12 inches apart in 'the rows for Maria Louise, and rather more for the vigorous growing singles. it Herbaceous Plants.—Vast numbers of these indispensable occupants of our borders ha,v« substantial advances towards the flowering stage, and will ere long be producing blossom# so varied in all respects that they will make r beautiful display. It is somewhat unfortunate that the vast majority of amateur gardeners cannot be induced to reduce the number (X growths from a clump, with a view to afford, in j more light and air to those which remain. Tht3i. fears are that they will have thinner and leBo floriferous plants by so doing but they may se, their minds alt rest, for if the actual numbert, were reduced, which is by no means certain, the quality of those present would be so much improved that the display would be infinitely superior. The growths to be dispensed wi.th should be removed right from the base. Hardy Ferns.—In scores of gardens there are positions which no amount of cultural skill or ingenuity can make favourable for flowering plants, and they are often either allowed to remain empty, or are occupied with such sub- jects as can rnever prove satisfactory. In many instances, situations of tliis nature would be converted from eyesores into delightful placet) by the planting of hardy ferns, and the work may be done now. Whether They shall be grown on the flat or on a simply constructed rockery is a point for decision according, to the taste of the owner and the shape of the site. In the event of the latter form being desirable the work ought to be done in the winter or early spring. In the majority of cases a- compost co-n- eisting of three parts of fibrous loam and ore part each of fibrous peat and decomposed leaf mould, with ftome coarse sand, answers ad- mirably. Cucumbers.—These will do perfectly well now in a frame, if the plants get a start by means of a small mass of heated dung and leaves. The frame should, however, be placed in a warm, sheltered corner, and great care needs to be exercised in the application of water for some weeks after planting. < Dwarf Beans.—A heavier sowing of these may now be made where there is likely to be a call for them. As a rule, however, when runners come in dwarfs are not much cared for, and it is useless to sow if not likely to be needed. < Runner Beans.—A row or two of these ought now to be planted. The land should have been previously deeply dug and well manured. Place the seeds in a double row, in a rather wide drill: if mora than one row is grown, allow them to be not less than six feet apart. When grown with- out sticks, single rows may be planted one yard apart. » Tomatoes.—Plants that are ready should be planted out at once, in order to obtain heavy crops from August onwards. They require vry little soil to produce good crops, only, after the earliest fruits are set, there must be no itint of manure. Ventilate freely on all favDurai.jw occasions, and., as far as possible, do without artificial heating.
« I SHEEP'S TEETH. I A sheep, 12 to 16 months, has only two broad or permanent incisor teeth. These replace the central pair of temporary, or milk, teeth when the anirpal is about a year old. Lambs during winter or spring eating uncut roots are liable to wear or break the temporary teeth, which may thus be superseded by their larger, stronger, permanent successors several weeks before the normal period. Contrariwise, the change may be deferred for several weeks. As a general rule, the sheep, when 12 to 18 months, has only the two permanent central incisors. The second pair, one on either side, appears during the succeeding six months, when the animals are 18 to 24 months. If a sheep has four permanent incisors fully up, it must be at least 18 months old. The third pair come up from 2J to 3i years; the corner pair somewhat more irregularly follow between three and four years. "Where the incisor teeth of the lower animals have been accidentally broken, or have been tampered with, they may not furnish trustworthy evidence of age, and in such cases the molar teeth are examined. Sheep have their first three molars in each jaw, above and below, at birth, or within a month. The first permanent molar, the fourth in the row, comes in behind the temporary, between six and nine months. The first and fifth present themselves about If years.
A DAIRY BULL. I It is an old saying that the bull is half the herd. This being the case, the selection of the bull is always a subject of interest, and especially so to that class of progressive dairymen who have got, or are thinking of getting, their first pure-bred bull. In bulls, as in all other merchandise, price is governed by quality, and quality includes both breeding and individuality. A bull might be of the best breeding and yet worthless on account of lack of individuality; or he may be a bull fit to enter any show ring, and yet be badly lacking as to breeding. Breeding is of the utmost importance, but so is the individual excellence and strength which will enable the bull to transmit the good qualities of his ancestry, and so show his prepotency in his offspring. Therefore, the farmer should be careful, in buying a bull, to satisfy himself that the animal combines both these qualities. Where a bull is either better or worse than the herd on which he is used, he is much more than half the herd-more than half for good in raising the standard, or more than half for bad in pulling down the general average.
CARROTS FOR FARM STOCK. 1 Carrots may be grown on any land that has a fair depth of soil, where it is not of the very poor clayey sort. Every farmer should grow an acre or two, as the roots are invaluable for farm stock, especially for horses, dairy cows, and young cattle. ITrbm 20 to 25 loads of farmyard dung should have been given per acre before Christmas, so that it becomes thoroughly incorporated with the soil by Bowing time. Dung applied at this season, more par- ticularly if it is not thoroughly rotted, makes the ground too hollow and dry, and encourages the roots to grow forked and of bad shape. The ground may be prepared as regards working exactly in the same way as for lucerne. Sowings should be made about the latter end of March or early in April. The seed which wears a rough jacket should be scoured in a sack containing sand then drilled with the sand in rows 15 or 16in. apart; the shallower the seed is deposited the better.
The American anthracite coal strike hae endied, by an arrangement under which the miaen' wages shall be unchanged until 1909.
DRESS OF THE DAY. I THE VOGUE FOR EMBROIDERIES. In of the rage for embroideries. of &U kinds, which has been such a marked feature of our modes during the last year, the vogue has by no means lessened in fervour and this eummer we are likely to see a veritable furore for these pretty trimmings. The most popular embroideries of the moment are distinctly those of Eastern origin, Algerian and Chinese work being first favourites. The former is worked on coarse ivory linen or lawn in silks of exquisite colour, while the latter has a groundwork of brilliant hued silk, which is covered witK delicate needlework in equally brilliant colouring. The Algerian embroidery is much more in evidence on garments intended for day wear than is the Chinese, its greater simplicity of design and less sumptuous appear- ance making it peculiarly suited to the adorn- ment of cotton and voile gowns, as well as of smart linen costumes. But for evening cloaks, tea gowns, and even dinner gowas the Chinese embroidery is largely used, its gorgeous colour- ing showing to admirable advantage on white, black, grey, green, and blue. Bands of the embroidery are often inset into the material of which an evening cloak is made, the garment being completed by a deep, round, turnover collar and cuffs of the same lovely needlework* A SMART NEW HAT, It is quite extraordinary how much of the new millinery is trimmed in some measure with cherries. Even when the hat is only a simple morning affair, trimmed with ribbon or velvet, it is almost a certainty that somewhere under the brim will be found tucked away a bunch of cherries. Then, too, they are used in combina- tion with all sorts of blossom, as well as with other flowers. Prettiest of all, though-at least, in my estimation-is the hat which is ado-rned entirely with this cMrmingly bright and sum- mery fruit. A very pretty example of the cherry chapeau is pictured in our present sketch. Here, A SMART AND PRETTY HAT OF LEGHORN STRAW, TRIMMED WITH CHERRIES AND FOLIAGE. the hat itself is closely allied to the Leghorn, both in straw and shape. The shape, as you will perceive, is bent from its original round condi- tion into a very smart and becoming affair, tilted at the modish angle, and furnished at the back with a large cache-peigne of cherries and dark green velvet. Right across the hat, from foack in front, is placed a branch of cherry, well laden with fruit and foliage, and so arranged that a big cluster of cherries falls over the up- turned brim. The effect is excellent, and the hat is so simple that it should be quite possible of achievement by the amateur milliner. ROSE IN VOGUE. After the long vogue enjoyed by the rose, one hardly expected to find it again reigning supreme in the summer millinery. Instead of waning, however, its popularity seems to have increased to such an extent that no chapeau, whatever its .trimming, appears complete with- out a rose tucked away undier the brim some- where or other. As regards the moef:- fashion- able sitraws of the moment, popular favour Eeems to be about equally divided between a glossy eatiny braid, wonderfully supple and lustrous, and) a straw closely resembling panarna in its weave, but beautifully dyed in all sorte of exquisite shadies. PRETTY SUMMER COSTUME. The colour of the original of our sketch was a lovely rosy pink with juet the faintest sus- picion of framboise in its composition. On the smart little open coat belted' at the waist is die prettiest of lit,zle ro-tund collars in creamy linen piped! with material in a deep shade of pink and appliqued with cone-shaped pieces of linen like the costume, buttonholed with the deep rose silk. The remaining creamy ground is scattered, with French knots in the same colour. PRETTY SUMMER COSTUME FOR A GIRL OF FIFTEEN OR SIXTEEN, IN PALE ROSE LINEN TRIMMED WITH EMBROIDERED COLLAR AND CUFFS. The coaC. itself. is m.a.de with a yoke from which the fulness springs in a succession of box-pleats. Similar box pleats form the elbow sleeves, which are finished wilth turn-back cuffs of the embroidery and frills of creamy Valenciennes lace. The skirt is perfectly plain, with a line of machine-stitching at the hem. The dainty little blouse completing the costume is made of brodorie anglaise on a creamy lawn ground, and is trimmed with Valenciennes lace and in- sertion. ABOUT BUCKLES. Distinctly the t popular'form of attorn- ment at the pfcesgnt moment is the buckle which, large or email, seems to diecorate every smart hat and costume one meets. A very favourite method of its employment is oa a centre to the emafl gaunty bows which 6erve as fastenings to many of the new boleros. These are generally fashioned1 of taffetas', with two loops and eac-shaped ends, and & twist of silk in the middle, which, is drawn through a minute round or oval buckle of gold, mother-p'-pearl, or filigree metal.