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Imperial Parliament.









ART AND LITERATURE. go- Among the most striking of the larger pic. tures which will appear in the Royal Academy must (remarks "The Globe") be counted Pro- fessor von Herkomer's vast composition repre- senting a meeting of the burghers of Landsberg in Bavaria, in the Town H-ail of which place this vigorous canvjfe is to, be permanently placed. The Professor has also port.raits of the Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, Lady Gorst, Sir A. K. Rollit, Mr. W. A. Bell, Mr. Owen Owen, Mr. Edwin Jones, Mr. Rudolph Lehmann, Mr. C. D. Rudd, and Mrs. Henry Tate, of which the first four will be seen at Burlington House. Mr. Luke Fildies will exhibit the state por- trait of Queen Alexandra, a pendant to the state portrait of the King which he painted soon after His Majesty's Accession. An engraving in mezzotint after this picture of the Queen is being executed by Mr. J. B. Pratt, and will be published by Messrs. Thos. Agnew and Son. Another portrait which is likely to attract attention is that by Mr. Frank Dicksee of Lady Hiliingdon, a, delicate arrangement in white and pale tints of yellow and lilac. Mr. Dick see has also a large symbolical figure picture to which he has given the title "Aspiration." Most of those who say "Revenous a no moutons" would be puzzled to name the origin of the phrase. Mr. Samuel Whitaker deserves well of many who cannot read French for his translation of "L'Avocat Patelin." This father of farcical comedies, proba,bly written about the middle of the Fifteenth Century, and pos- sibly bv Pierre Blanchet-but its authorship is about ,as, uncertain as that of "The Letters of Junius" or of the precise details of peace negotiations between Russia and Japan-was adapted by the Abbe Brueys, and performed at the Theatre Francais in 1706. It is from the adaptation that Mr. Whitaker has worked. His translation, so far as we have compared it with the original, is accurate without being too literal, though he has here and there added original touches of his own and has attempted, not always with happy effect, to give an archaic flavour to his English. His rendering of "sergent" as "sergeant," by-the-way, is mis- leading; "bailiff" would be more nearly correct. If, as the translator believes, this is the first time the piece has been given in English, Mr. Whitaker's service is all the greater. The humour of "L'Avocat Patelin" i» not of the subtle -sort that appeals only to the few. Anyone whose sense of fun has developed beyond the knockabout stage can enjoy the wiles of the ingenious village lawyer. | Among the literary anniversaries to be cele- brated this year is that of Alexis Charles Henri Clerel, Comte de Tocqueville, who was born on July 29, 1805. A correct French text of his "L'Ancien Regime," edited, with introduc- tion and -notes, hy Mr. G. W. Headlam, was issued from the Oxford University Press last I year; and also his "Quinze Jours au Desert" and Extracts from his "Voyages en Sicile," edited by Mr. J. E. Mansion for the Oxford Modern French Series. A woman painter of mark, though not herself French, is now attracting much notice in Paris by the striking and unconventional nature of her work. Her name is, Mdme. Boberg. She is a Norwegian, largely self-taught, and she revels with all the enthusiasm of a born impressionist amid the. characteristic scenery of her country, painting the midnight sun while it shines, and catching its fires as they are weirdly reflected in the snows, the rocks, the mountains, and the fjords. She spends months every year in the I wild LofoSe-n islands, often spending days with- A out a soul to speak to. She has several times narrowly escaped. frost-bite after work. An introduction by Lord Strathcon.a. prefaces a book called Canada: Britain's Largest Colony" (Cassell). Mr. Haydon, the author, describes the gffeat Dominion in a graphic manner, and the illustrations are plentiful and very good. ¿. The Earl of Iddesleigh holds that "Sybil" is "the grandest and most valuable" of Disraeli's novels. It was written, it will be remembered-, at a time when England was. in a great state j of unrest, and- the novelist impresses upon his readers- that the scenes he describaa were the result of this own observation, although he tells them also. that he had to hold his hand lest they should decline to believe him.. "If anvone | should care to know what England was like sixty veaxs ago," says the Earl of Iddesleigh, "let them- read! the hook and learn thereby how she appeared to an observer gifted beyond his fellows with industry and knowledge, with wit, shrewdness, and imagination." Other of Disraeli's novels, we, note, are to follow in the same series and! under the same editorship. 11 The eighth volume in that excellent series, "The Makers of British Art." bears the title "Thomas Gainsborough, R.A." (Walter Scott Publishing Company), and consists of a mono- graph on that great artist by Mr. A. E. Fletcher. It is written in a manner which appeals both to the general public and to the student, for the story of the man, as well as of his work, is brought before the reader, while the detail and the carefully planned appendices will be of special value. The plates which illus- trate the volume are very good. If anyone should doubt the immeD&e wealth of the collection of Oriental manuscripts in the British Museum, the exhibition now ar- ranged in the King's Library should for ever dispel that feeling. In the four large cases are arranged the finest specimens of caligraphy, and of typography, that could be produced, and if our eyes are dazzled with strange characters, often so small, as in the case of some of the Arabic and Sanscrit manuscripts, our artistic tastes are- catered for with a veritable feast of rich illuminations and illustrations. The variety of material employed for the preparation of these works is, indeed, astonishing. We have manu- scripts on gold, silver, copper, ivory, palm leaves, silk, as well as papyrus, paper, and vellum. The bulk of the collection is composed of religious works, and all the great creeds of the world are represented by priceless copies of these sacred books. There are also, however, some works on history, as well as others on magic and folklore. The book of school stories which Dr. Ma-c- namara has recently published is full of good things. What, for instance, could be better than the boy who defined the equator as "a mena- gerie lion (an imaginary line) running round the earth"? Another is of a youngster who defined B.C. as meaning "Before Christ," and B.A. similarly as meaning "Before Adam." Some- body's palace, another youngster -said, was built in the reign of "Edward the Confectioner" and another exalted the Great Fire of London because "it purified the City from the dregs of the plague, and burnt down eighty-nine churches.. Yet another defined a stretcher as something "wot lydies rides on when they get drunk"; and another said a -blizzard was the "inside of a foul." Finally, the following dia- logue is comical as illustrating a familiar domes- tic situation:—Teacher: "Why did you stay away yesterday, Jimmv. Ji v: "PI-esse sir, muvver's ill." Teacher: Oh, that is bad! What does the doctor say it is?" Jimmy: "Please, sir, he says it's a girl. Mr. F. E. Hulme, F.L-b., r.b.A., has pre- pared fortv new drawings in colours of wild flowers, which will appear m the new and en- larged edition of his well-known work "Familiar Wild Flowers," the first part of which is being published by Messrs. Cassell and Company. In the new edition of this work there will be 320 full-paige coloured mates, and in the first part will be given an index in which all the flowers will be arranged according to their colour. Her Majesty the Queen has always manifested much interest in art, and she has been graciously pleased to express her great appreciation" of the work of "Women Painters of the World," which has just been published by Messrs. Hod- der and Stoughton. The book, which is issued tn various forms at a popular price, is dedicated by special permission to Her Majesty. The Oxford University Press have just issued among their Bijou editions a tiny case, measur- ing two inches by one and a half, containing the j four Gospels. Thus we get a thousand clearly printed pages divided up in four tiny volumes, each aftractivelv bound in purple leather, and the ingenious result is more to be admired than these condensations of print and paper usuaHf