PRISON BRUTALITIES. I The horrors of a German colonial prison have been exposed in the "Koloniale Zeitschrift," by Herr Herfurth, says the Berlin correspondent of the Chronicle." The prisoners at Bethanien, Great Namaqualand, he writes, are treated worse than farmers treat their oxen, and their mortality is certainly higher. In the prison at Keetmans- hoop a friend of Herr Herfurth's Baw thirty to forty native prisoners confined in a cell 10ft. high, 13ft. long, and 12ft. broad, andin another still Bmaller cell were ten women. Children from four to six years old were punished with imprisonment, and maltreated by native policemen. One child of five was in gaol under a long sentence for stealing milk. Prisoners sent out to work on public works were sometimes so weak that they fell dead on the road- side.
It is said that in some parts of Japan rob- bers are convicted on a majority vote of the community. The Paris police have arrested the chief of a gang of thieves which stole 300 bicycles last month.
I AFTER 247 YEARS. The residents of Tlalpam, Mexico, complain that the public clock of that town is useless; repairs are made every week, but every week tne clock gets out of repair, and can never be kept in good condition. This, says an American contemporary, is perhaps for the good reason that the Tlalpam clock is probably the oldest public clock on the American continent. It was installed at the cathedral of that city in the year 1657; in 1790 it was donated to the council of San Augustin de las Clevas, now Tlalpam, when it was installed there and set in motion. Since that time it has never undergone repairs until a few weeks ago.
BOATING ACCIDENTS. I FIVE LIVES LOST. Sydney Balch and his son William, aged 10, together with William May and his son William, aged nine, went out fishing in a 14ft. boat off Hayhng Island, on Saturday evening. The weather was fine, and the party had a very pleasant time. When it became dark they made for Hayling Island, and spent an hour there. About nine o'clock they left the island to cross to the mainland. The tide was then very strong, and the wind had increased. With the mainsail and foresail up they sped along very well until, when within about one hundred yards of the shore, the boat capsized. Boatmen and coastguardsmen put off and rescued May, senior, in an exhausted condition, but Sydney Balch and the two boys were drowned. Balch leaves a young family of six children. His wife died about a year ago. Balch was a labourer in Ports- mouth Dockyard, where May, senior, is similarly employed. Another fatality has occurred on Lough Neagh. On Sunday evening a fishing boat containing four men started from Ardboe Point, ten miles from Cookstown, and when about twenty perches from the shore capsized, owing to the heavy swell. Two men, James Coyle, thirty, married, and James Cassidy, twenty-nine, single, were drowned. The other men, Peter Coyle and Michael Coleman, young unmarried men, were rescued.
OTT CURRENT SPORT. ] ■ II ■■■ "SOCCER" FOOTBAIl. League.—Division I.—Newcastle United v. Woolwich Arsenal: At Newcastle, the Arsenal were soundly beaten by three goals to nil.— Middlesbrough v. Sheffield Wednesday: The champions opened their season at Middles- brough. The Wednesday won by three goals to one.—Preston North End v. Sunderland: After beating Aston Villa on the opening day of the season, the promoted Preston team were at home to Sunderland, whom they beat by three goals to one.—Wolverhampton Wanderers v. Notts Forest: At Wolverhampton, the Wan- derers just won by three goals to two.—Notts County v. Everton Splendid weather favoured the match at Nottingham. Everton won by two goals to one.—Manchester City v. Birming- ham City: Hitherto known as Small Heath, the re-named Birmingham City team appeared at Manchester. Manchester won an exciting game by two goals to one.—Aston Villa v. Stoke: At Aston Park, the Villa won by three goals to nil.—Bury v. Blackburn Rovers: At Bury, the Rovers won by two goals to nil.-Sheffield United v. Derby County: At Sheffield, the United won by three goals to one. Division II.—Burton United v. Chesterfield: The home team were beaten at Burton by three goals to nil.—Burslem Port Vale v. Manchester United.: Each side scored twice at Burslem, and the game was drawn.—Doncaster Rovers v. Lincoln City: Played at Doncaster, the visitors winning by two goals to nil.—Grimsby Town v. Barnsley: Nothing was scored at Grimsby, the match being drawn.—Blackpool v. Leicester Fosse At Blackpool, there was no scoring, the result being a draw.—Liverpool v. Glossop: The result of this match at Liverpool was a draw-two goals all.—Bristol City v. Bolton Wanderers An exciting game at Bristol ended in a win for the visitors by four goals to three.— Gainsborough Trinity v. Bradford City: The visitors won, at Gainsborough, by three goals to two.—Burnley v. West Bromwich Albion: This match, at Burnley, ended in a victory for the Albion by four goals to one. Southern Lea,gue.-Tottenham Hotspur v. Fulham At Tottenham, 20,000 people saw the Hotspur beaten by one goal to nil, the only point being scored from a penalty.—Northampton v. Bristol Rovers Playing at home, Northampton won by two goals to nil.—Brentford v. West Ham United: Neither side scored at Brentford a hard match being drawn.—Queen's Park Rangers v. Plymouth Argyle The Rangers won at Park Royal by two goals to one.—Millwall v. Watford Visiting Millwall, Watford gained a capital victory by two goals to nil.—Portsmouth v. Read- ing In a heavy scoring match at Portsmouth, the visitors proved successful by five goals to three. -New Brompton v. Brighton and Hove Albion The result of a hard match at New Brompton was a draw, two goals each.—Luton v. Southampton Played at Luton, the champions (beating the home team by two goals to one.-Swindon v. Welling- borough The home team won at Swindon by two goals to nil. Scottish League.—Greenock Morton, one; Motherwell, nil.—Glasgow Rangers, eight; Par- tick Thistle, one.—Kilmarnock, one; Port Glas- gow, one.—Celtic, one; Heart of Midlothian, one.—Third Lanark, two; Queen's Park, nil; Airdrieonians, one; Dundee, nil.—Hibernians, two St. Mirren, nil. THE RUGBY GAME. Northern Union League.-Division T.-Wid- nes, 11 points; Hull, 3.-Swinton, 5; Wigan, 2. -R-Liiicoun, 6; Hull Kingston Rov,ers, 4.-Brad- ford, 3; Hunslet, O.-Salford, 5; Halifax, 3.— Warrington, 16 Leigii, 2.-Leeds, 13; Batley, 3. —Oldham, 10; St. Helens, 4.-Wakefield Trinity, 6; Broughton Rangers, 2. Division II.—Dewsbury, 3; Keighley, 2.-NGr- manton, 10; Millom, 0.—York, 10; Rochdale Hornets, O.-Pontefract, 13; Morecambe, 0.— Lancaster. 0; Castleford, O.-Brighouse Ran- gers, 31; Birkenhead, 0. WEEK-END CRICKET. At Bournemouth, on Saturday, the second in- nings of the Players of the South against the Gentlemen of England was brought to an unex- pectedly rapid conclusion.. They were all dis- missed for a. total of 93, leaving the Gentlemen winners by 94 runs. At Scarborough, no play was possible between Yorkshire and the South Africans till the afternoon, when the Colonials continued their second innings, and had lost half their wickets for 232 at the, close. Mr. Tancred made 101. The match was therefore drawn, the South Africans being still 53 behind the first innings total of Yorkshire. At Kennington Oval, the match between Surrey and Kent could not be resumed at all on account of the wet which had fallen, and was left drawn in an inconclusive condition. ENGUSH SWIMMER WINS IN AMERICA. A New York message says that at the Newport Cottagers' swimming contests on Saturday night, the three miles race, professional class, was won by Joe Nuttall, the English champion, in lhr. 22mins. 54 3-5secs. GOLF. The Irish Open Championship was won at Newcastle, county Dov/n, on Saturday, by Mr. J. S. Worthington, Mid' Surrey, who beat Mr. J. F. Mitchell, of Musselburgh, by six holes up and four to play. The Edzell Professional Tournament was brought to a conclusion on Saturday by the decision of the final round of 36 holes between Harry Vardon and James Braid. After halving the first hole in 4, Braid putted badly on the second green, and gave Vardon the lead. Braid, however, soon recovered himself, and, with a brilliant putt onthe next green, got down in 3 against 4. At the third hole Vardon's approach was weak, and Braid took the lead, and at the turn was 1 up. Braid eventually won, after a fine match, by 5 up and 4 to play, the final scores being: Braid, 72; Vardon, 76.. WORLD'S CYCLING CHAMPIONSHIPS. About 7,000 persons witnessed the first day's racing in the World's Cycling Championships at the Crystal Palace on Saturday. Several ountries were represented, and, taken altogether, the sport provided was fairly good. In the two kilometres race (about a mile and a half) popular heat-winners were A. L.. Reed (the holder), J. S. Benyon, of Liverpool, and D. Flynn, of Scotland. The one-lap professional race was not very well supported. Jenkins, of Wales, won the final. Walthour, of America, as generally expected, won the 100 kilos. race, and, although he hadaibout a mile and a half in hand at the finish, this was the most interesting event of the day. —— MONDAY'S "SOCCER." In the Viestern Football League Plymouth Atfgyle drew at Millwall, and Fulham also shared the points in their game with West Ham. In the First League, Sunderland beat Notts County, and Wolverhampton Wanderers got the better of Sheffield1 United. CLOSING CRICKET. At Kennington Oval, on Monday, the last county match cf the season was begun between J,rey Leicestershire. Surrey held the ttipti e ri • scoring 393 for the loss of six T1V made 102. At Hastings, an eleven dLhiLS °! En§Iand made 237' including a a^inst the^°U1of 159 1jy Mr- Jessop, fnr 118 ^r/cans> who lost six wiclcets L. Vio^'tn hn6 9rouc^er»" w'ho was so lame that £ me hit so I6 S.e/m°ur *° run for him, at one time hit so teirifically that he made 50 in a quarter of an hour The Scarborough Festival was continued on Monday with a match between North and South. The North scored 241 and the South 97 for four wickets. GOUD YORKSHIRE* BATTING. A full day's play transpired in the match between the North and South at Scarborough on Tuesday. Mainly through the efforts of C. L: Townsend and Relf, the South were able ta compile 246, and thus secure a lead of five runa on the first innings, after which the North put on 260 for the loss of six wickets, Denton, Hirst, and Rhodes all batting finely. Only fifty-five minutes' play was possible in the match at Hastings, between the South of England and the South Africans. During that time, G. C. White and' Llewellyn raised the visitors' total from 118 for six wickets to 204 without further loss. Surrey and Leicester were unable to resume on Tuesday at the Oval, owing to rain; and before two o'clock play was abandoned for the day, Surrey at the same time declaring their first innings closed at the over-night total, 393 for six wickets.
I ROYAL VICTORIAN CHAIN. The following appeared in Tuesday night's "Gazette" :—"Chancery of the Royal Victorian Order, St. James's Palace, September 6, 1904.- The King has been pleased to confer on his Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, and on his Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Russia 'The Royal Victorian Chain.
I END OF THE SALVATION MOTOR TOUR. General Booth's motor tour came to a conclu- sion at Aberdeen on Tuesday evening. During the tour he has delivered over a hundred speeches. He looks hale and hearty after his task, and was received in the granite city with the same enthusiasm which has marked his pro- i gress from the south.
I THE REVENUE. The receipts on account of Revenue from April 1, 1904, when there was a balance of £ 4,263,842, to September 3, 1904, were V,49,359,759, against 53,022,266 in the corresponding period of the preceding financial year, which began with a balance of £ 6,637,127. The net expenditure was E58,671,605, against E61,968,369 to the same date in the previous year. The Treasury balances on September 3, 1904, amounted to £ 2.729,486, and it, the same date in 1903 to £ 4,589,296.
I THREE CHOIRS FESTIVAL. I The Gloucester Festival of the Three Choirs opened on Tuesday in Gloucester Cathedral, with an excellent performance of Elijah." The principal vocalists were Mme. Albani. Miss Muriel Foster, Mr. John Coates, and Mr. Ffrangcon Davies. The last-named was making his first appearance at this festival. He created a deep impression in the title r61e by his conception of the Man of God, and greatly enhanced the artistic value of his impersonation by singing without the aid of his score. During the interval the city member, Mr. Russell Rae, gave a luncheon to the composers, artists, and others connected with the festival. The heaviest bookings for the week have been for Elgar's Apostles."
PRINCESS CHRISTIAN AT CAPE TOWN. Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein and her daughter Princess Victoria arrived at Cape Town on Tuesday on board the Walmer Castle. Their Royal Highnesses, who were in good health, were met at the docks by the Administratorjof the Colony, and drove to Government House through decorated and crowded streets. The Royal party had a most pleasant voyage. The harbour was brilliant with sunshine on their arrival. The Princesses were received by the Ministry and by the Cape Town Corporation, which presented an address. The ships in the harbour were decorated with flags, and large numbers of civilians and military officers thronged the jetty. Enthusiastic cheering greeted their Royal Highnesses, and the public in the streets gave them a hearty welcome. Princess Christian and Princess Victoria are expected to re- turn to England, after having visited Kimberley and the grave of Prince Christian Victor :at Pretoria, about October 25. Prince Christian will probably arrive about October 15 from the Continent.
I THE NEW AMBASSADORS. The King has been pleased to approve the fol- lowing appointments in the Diplomatic Service, to take effect on January 1 next: H. E. the Right Hon. Sir Edwin Egerton, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., to be his Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Rome, and Sir Arthur Nicolson, Bart., K.C.B., K.C.I.E., K.C.V.O., to be his Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Madrid. Sir Francis Bertie, the newly-appointed British Ambassador to France, recently made a stay of a few days at the British Embassy in Paris. Sir Francis Bertie then left for abroad. His Excel- lency will not present his credentials until the end of the year.
I FLOODS IN SCOTLAND. I There was a considerable change of weather experienced over the south-east of England on Tuesday, and the fine and dry conditions had given place to overcast skies and rain. The reports received by the Meteorological Office show that a storm area had passed along our north-west coasts, on its passage to the north-eastward, and had occasioned rains at all the northern and western stations, where, however, the weather had con- siderably improved again. In the south-east of England, where rain was falling, the weather was under the influence of subsidiary disturbances, which were reaching us from the north of France. Torrents of rain have resulted in serious flood at Strathearn, the river Earn being in high flood and crops and low-lying lands largely under water. A temporary bridge in use at Comrie has been swept away, and communication with Dalginross and the district has been cut off. People are being ferried across by boats. The piers of the new bridge under construction are quite submerged.
I A MISSION STEAMER'S PLIGHT. I The Medway Mission steamer Oriel had rather an exciting experience on Tuesday. Her engines broke down halfway between the Nore and the Girdler Lightships, and the little craft drifted about at the mercy of the wind and tide. Matters were made worse by the gathering of a mist, and the Chaplain, the Rev. Richard Griffiths, and his crew found the Oriel perilously near the Oaze Sands. Ultimately the engineer succeeded in making temporary repairs, and the little steamer slowly made her way back to harbour.
DROWNED WHILST BATHING. I On Sunday morning a visitor named Gibson was drowned whilst bathing from the towpath above Marlow Bridge. Deceased, who was a good swimmer, had gone some distance, and sank when close to the bank where he had left his clothes. Life was extinct when the body was recovered. Mr. George Barker of Oxford, a graduate of the university, was drowned while bathing at Clarach Bay, Aberystwyth, on Saturday. The deceased, who was blind, was accompanied in the water by a friend. He disappeared suddenly, witnout warning, having, it is supposed, had a fit. His body was recovered four hours later.
It is much to be regretted (says the "Law Journal") that Sir Forrest Fulton should have allowed himself to be drawn into the contro- versy created by the Beck case. He might at least have waited until the Home Office decided whether the public demand for an inquiry should be granted. There are circumstances connected with the two convictions of Mr. Beck which call imperatively for searching inquiry. Rightly or wrongly, public confidence in the ad- ministration of the criminal law has been seri- ously affected by the Beck case, and only an in- vestigation by an independent committee is likely to restore it. If an inquiry be held, the Recorder could well furnish those who under- take it with a copy of his notes and any infor- mation as to the first trial likely to assist them in their work. It is, however, a great mistake for judges to enter into newspaper contro- versies about cases which they have tried, and we do not doubt that the comments which his letter has produced will make Sir Forrest Fulton conscious of his error in departing from one of the wisest traditions of the Bench.
I THE KING'S RETURN. The King, upon his return to London on Satur- day evening from Marienbad, was the object of a great demonstration. Inside Charing cross Station, in the courtyard, and along the streets to Buckingham Palace, thousands of persons assem- bled, and loudly cheered his Majesty as he passed. How well he looks was the expression that was heard on all sides. The King, who appeared very gratified with the warmth of his reception, repeatedly saluted in response to the cordial cheers that greeted him all along the line of route. At many points between Port Victoria and London large crowds collected to witness the passage of the Royal train, and in several instances football matches were stopped to give the competing teams an opportunity of demonstrating their loyalty to the King and their pleasure at his re- turn to his own people. The children of the Lewisham Industrial School assembled in force and wildly shouted and waved hand flags as the King sped by. Wearing an admiral's undress uniform his Majesty stepped lightly out of the train at Charing-cross and shook hands with Mr. Akers Douglas (the Home Secretary), who is a director of the South-Eastern and Chatham Railway, and Mr. Henry, the Chief Commissioner of Police. A moment later he passed to his car- riage, where the Home Secretary again joined him. For fully five minutes the King and the Home Secretary stood conversing. Having taken his seat his Majesty summoned his marine painter, Cheva- lier de Martino, to the carriage and warmly shook him by the hand before departing. ;The Queen, who awaited the King's return, arrived at the palace from Ballater shortly before nine o'clock on Saturday morning. Notwithstanding the long and tiring railway journey from the north, her Majesty did not appear to be at all fatigued when she alighted at Euston. She was accompanied by Princess Victoria, and wore a navy blue dress, and carried in her hand a large bunch of sweet peas. On Saturday night the King, Queen, and Princess and suite witnessed the performance of The Chevaleer at the Garrick Theatre. The Queen, accompanied by Princess Victoria, left Charing- cross at one o'clock CD Monday for Port Victoria en route for Copenhagen, while his Majesty went to Rufford Abbey on a visit to Lord and Lady Savile for the Doncaster races.
SAVED BY A DOG. After escaping in their night clothes from a house on fire in St. Saphorin, Canton Vaud, Switzerland, a family of the name of Pargier dis- covered that Henri, a boy of four, had been for- gotten. It was impossible for a human being to enter the house, which was enveloped in thick smoke. The father made two attempts, but failed, and then remembered his dog, a beautiful collie. Go and fetch Henri," he said, pointing to the house. The dog im- mediately rushed up the stairs, but returned terribly burnt. A second and third time the animal entered the house, and was then seen drag- ging out the child, whose clothes were alight. The boy was unconscious, but is expected to re- cover. Immediately the lad was safe, the dog rushed off to the woods, howling with pain. Its coat was burnt off, and M. Pargier, borrowing a gun, followed it and put it out ot its misery.
THE TIBET, MISSION. GRAND LAMA'S FLIGHT DENOUNCED AS DASTARDLY. The Tibetans have agreed to some of the demands made by the British mission, but con- tinue to display a disinclination to sign the treaty. It is believed that the treaty provides for the establishment of trade marts at different points and the payment of an indemnity. The Tibetans denounce the flight of the Grand Lama as dastardly, and have lost all confidence in him. They are. looking towards the Tashi Lama, of Shigatse, for directions. Heavy snow has fallen at Ralung, and 18degs. of frost has already been registered on Karo Pass, from the glaciers above which large masses of ice are falling, rendering the road dangerous. THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. I The Secretary of State for India has received the following telegram from Lord Ampthill, dated September 6:- "Tibet.—Condition of wounded officers.- Major Lye, 23rd Sikh Pioneers, proceeded to India for England; Lieutenant Bowden Smith, 1st Battalion Royal Fusiliers, and Captain Kelly, I.M.S., recovered and on duty Lieutenant Mitchell, 23rd Sikh Pioneers, and Captain Young, I.M.S., doing well." Colonel Younghusband have met practically all the members of the National Assembly at the residence of the Chinese Amban, and pre- sented to them the Treaty in draft form. From the way in which the draft was received, the situation appears to be clearer. The Amban is a person of far greater importance in Lhasa than is generally believed. He moves about in greater state than the Councillors. He is supported by an organised body of soldiers, and' his police parade the streets. The Tibetans reverence the Emperor of China more than the Dalai Lama. No Councillor nor Abbot of a Monastery can be appointed without the Amban's approval.
MOTOR DANGERS. Two well-known cricketers met with a nasty motor-car accident on Saturday. Leonard Braund, of Somerset, and Albert Trott, the Mid- dlesex professional, were out for a trip through Hampshire when the car came into collision with a dust cart. Braund immediately jumped out, but Trott and Mr. Masterson, the other occupant of the car, were hurled violently to the ground, the latter being severely cut about the head. Trott and Braund escaped with only a shaking.
ALPINE TRAGEDY. I The dangers of the Alps have been brought home by a series of appalling accidents. Follow- ing the news that four well-known English climbers have met with death on the Gran Paradiso, in the Italian Alps, comes intelligence of another tragedy. Mr. John Fawcett, Miss Fawcett, his daughter, and Mr. C. W. Parker, all of London, were driving on a mountain road near Goeschenen, Switzerland, when the carriage fell over the side of the mountain road and rolled down a steep ravine, turning over and over in its descent. It seems marvellous that any of the party escaped to tell the tale. As it was, Miss Fawcett was only slightly injured. Her father was killed, and Mr. Parker had both his legs broken. The driver had1 only a few scratches.
ft I ANT DRUM-MAJOR. During the six months' English tour, which will open at the Albert Hall on September 24, the famous Scottish-Canadian band known as The Kilties" will give 362 concerts, thirty of which will be in London. The special features of these I concerts—the male choir, the vocal solos, the I Highland dances, the bagpipes, and the bugles— combine to make them uniquely interesting. Donald MacCormack, the drum-major, is seven feet high and broad in proportion.
I FATAL FALLS OVER CLIFFS. The body of a man named George Likes, a Brighton workman, was found at the foot of a cliff at Black Rock, near Brighton, and the inquest was held on Saturday afternoon. The jury thought it probable that the man was looking over the cliffs and fell through giddiness, and they returned a verdict accordingly, adding that there was no evidence to show how the fall was occasioned. A cliff fatality was inquired into at St. Margaret's Bay, near Dover, on Saturday night. Herbert Barber, aged 19, of Sebone-road, Shaftesbury- park, Battersea, who was spending a holiday at Dover, went for a walk along the cliffs, promising to meet his brother later. Nothing more was 1 eard of him till his body was found near the South Foreland at a point where the cliffs are 300ft. high. It was stated at the inquest that this is a most dangerous spot, there being a cutting a yard wide extending back 30ft. from the edge of the cliff. In returning a verdict of Accidental death," the jury recommended that this cutting should be fenced.
SAVINGS OF A CENTURY. The Earl of Ellesmere has celebrated by a big dinner at Worsley New Hall his entry into possessios of his great estates and colliery pro- perties, which have been for a hundred yeara in the hands of the famous Bridgewater Trust. Lord Ellesmere is a great-grandson of the Mar- quis of Stafford, afterwards first Duke of Sutherland, who was the nephew and heir of the last Duke of Bridgewater, the founder of the great canal system which bears his name. The Duke completed the heavy undertaking when he was thirty-six years of age. By his will the waterways and the collieries were made the subject of a trust to last for a hundred years after his death, which happened on March 18, 1803. Now the accumulation of riches is at an end, and the Duke of Ellesmere becomes one of our wealthiest peers. He is an enthu- siastic but unlucky sportsman. As a novelist, under the pseudonym of "Charles Granville," he has met with a measure of success.
FIGHTING "EN DESHABILLE." It is reported from Liac-yang that owing to the heat the soldiers often fight in their under- clothes. The most remarkable instance of fight- ing en deshabille is the famous Battle of the Shirts, which took place in 1544 on the shores of Loch Lochy, in the Highlands of Scotland. between a band of Frasers and MacdonaldS. The day was so hot that the combatants threw off not only their plaids but the re.,t of their clothes, and went at it in their shirts. Even then the heat was unbearable, and many, wearied with their big two-handed swords, rushed into the cool waters of the loch and fought there with their dirks. Lord Lovat, whose desperate valour earned for him the name of "Cruaidh Choscar" (the hardy slaughterer), and his son were killed. In fact, it is said that only four of the Frasars came out of the fight alive, and not many more of the Macdonalds, ( who, however, secured the victory.
DANGER OF THE SEASIDE. I "In seaside towns of 40,000 and 50,000 in- habitants the sewage is poured out under the very piers, under the promenades of the places. It is not unusual when people have returned from the seaside that their children have con- tracted some illness." This alarming reference to the possible dangers of the seaside was made by Mr. Rowe, representative of the Kent and Essex district, at the annual meeting of repre- sentatives of authorities under the Sea Fisheries Regulation Act. "I am one of those who ques- tion," added Mr. Rowe, "whether these reeking shores may not be to some extent responsible for the contraction of certain troubles."
IRISH LAND PURCHASE. I TWENTY-TWO DEFAULTERS AMONG SEVENTY THOUSAND TENANT-PURCHASERS. The successful working of the land purchase system in Ireland is once more the chief fea.ture of the annual report of the Land Commission. On November 1 last there were 69,910 tenant- purchasers, who owed E471,176 in respect of the half-yearly instalments under the Land Pur- chase Acts of 1885 and 1891. On July 21 only 363 persons were still in arrear, owing £ 2,439. During the year the Land Commission found it necessary to advertise for sale the holdings of eighty-five defaulters, but sixty-three of these paid up all arrears. Thus, only twenty-two per- sons out of nearly 70,000 purchasing tenants failed ultimately to fulfil their obligations to the State, and lost their holdings. The result speaks well for the security which the Irish tenant affords for Government loans to facili- tate a system of land purchase. Under the various Purchase Acts from 1881 to 1896, a total sum of E23,230,105 has been ad- vanced to 71,682 tenants. During last year a sum of £ 60,083 in guaranteed land stock was advanced in 3,148 cases, for the purchase of 94,657 acres at a rental of £ 37,492. This is exclusive of an advance of E35,534 to the Con- gested Districts Board, while proceedings under Mr. Wyndham's Act of last year are mainly the business of the new Estates Commissioners. The Land Commission was kept busy during 1903-4 in fixing judicial rents-for a "first term" in 2,515 cases, and for a "second term" in 9,458 cases. From 1881 up to the end of March last the Commission had fixed fair rents for 347,650 tenants. It reduced their rental of £ 7,022,017 to P.5,560,417-or an average reduc- tion of 20.8 per cent. Iu fixing rents for a second statutory term it reduced the rental of 102,627 tenants from 91,770,054 to £ 1,408,125—or an average reduction of 20.4 per cent. This part of its work will no doubt be greatly restricted when the Purchase Act of 1903 comes into full operation. While the lot of the Irish farmer is being greatly improved, agriculture makes no progress, A return issued recently shows that the total area of land under crops this year is less by 2,145 acres than it was last year. There is a decrease of 27,902 acres under cereals, of 9,499 acres under potatoes, mangel, and other green crops, and of 393 acres under flax, while there is again a great increase of 34,949 acres of meadow and clover. Ireland, that is to say, is steadily becoming a pastoral country; the breed- ing of horses and cattle, sheep and pigs, is more than ever the main occupation of Irish farmers.
The Emperor Francis Joseph is a man of simple, frugal habits, and a hard worker. He is an early riser, and for many years after ascending the throne he was up at five o'clock in the morn- ing to begin his day's work, after a breakfast of coffee and bread and butter. The amount of work he is able to get through is amazing. For recreation he goes to one of his shooting-boxes for a few days, wearing the Tyrolese costume and devoting himself entirely to the chase. Mr. William Weightman, the richest man in Philadelphia, who died recently at the age of 91, was born at Grimsby, in England. Mr. Weightman emigrated as a boy, and became clerk to his uncle, who was in business at Phila- delphia as a manufacturing chemist. His industry was rewarded by admission to the firm as a partner. He was fortunate in land speculations, soon became very rich, and died worth nearly £ 10,000,000. He always maintained that the educational system of America, par- ticularly in technical matters, was the; great secret of his succese.
I LIVERPOOL CATHEDRAL. I A meeting of the executive committee of the Liverpool Cathedral Fund was held on Monday at Church House, Liverpool, when it was reported that since the ceremony of laying the foundation stone by the King the funds at the disposal of the eemmittee had been augmented by nearly £ 60,000. Donations of windows and other parts of the fabric had also been offered and accepted.
I BARNET FAIR. Onee a year Barnet allows itself a little harmless relaxation. Its inhabitants-or, at least, a good proportion of them-forget that they are very staid and suburban and respectable, and in this happy frame of mind give themselves up to all the fun of the fair. It must be admitted that J one Barnet Fair is very much like any ef its predecessors, but this similarity seems quite agreeable to the holiday-makers. To give some excuse for the fair being held, horses and ponies and donkeys are bought and sold, but it is to be feared that the business side of the fair is the least important to most of the people who go there, and that the so-called side-shows are really the main attractions. Barnet is specially fond of roundabouts, and the louder the tunes the better Barnet likes them. The stranger to a roundabout may possibly find that his first experience of one reminds him of a rough Channel passage, and possibly in that mood he may not see the propriety of having Little Mary dinned into his ears—as it was on Monday. This appeared to be the favourite tune, and Bedelia was a good second. Exhibitions of animated photographs, knife-throwers, pugilists, cocoa-nut shy" pro- prietors, and a large number of Aunt Sallies all did a roaring trade. The weather was glorious, and half the county seemed to have come to the fair. Several gangs of three-card trick men endeavoured to get a living, but were hardly successful. In point of dexterity they were easily beaten by a well-known travelling conjurer, who performed te very good "houses."
BARQUE IN FLAMES. When off the Wolf Lighthouse on Monday night the steamer Ailsawald, bound from Barry to Monte Video, observed a large barque in flames. She bore down on the vessel, which proved to be the barque Vigo, 1300 tons register, bound from Hull to Mobile in ballast. The accident happened through one of the sailors going into the lazarette with a light and igniting some inflammable material. Efforts were made to extinguish the flames, but the fire obtained a strong bold on the vessel. Three of the boats were burnt, and the mizzen mast fell over the side, The crew, numbering about twenty, were forced to abandon their ship in the only remaining boat, and were picked up by the Ailsawald. After some time the fire subsided and the crew returned to the Vigo. They found that she had been completely gutted. All the effects of the crew were destroyed, and the captain had one of his hands injured. The steamer took the barque in tow and brought her to port.
KING LEOPOLD AT DOVER. I The steam yacht Alberta, with the King of the Belgians on board, was due at Dover about two o'clock on Monday afternoon, and about three o'clock steamed by the Prince of Wales's Pier, proceeding towards Folkestone. After a short cruise she turned and made for the Prince of Wales's Pier. About five o'clock the vessel came alongside, when his Majesty was seen standing on the upper deck, dressed in a light suit and yachting cap, and scanning closely, with a pair of glasses, the new harbour works, in which he seemed greatly interested. The vessel having been moored, the King of the Belgians came on shore, accompanied by his secretary, and went for a walk along the pier and promenade. The vessel is manned by an English captain and crew, and the blue ensign is flying at the stern. The Alberta left Dover for Ostend at half-past nine the same night.
TRADES UNIONS. I ANNUAL CONGRESS. I The thirty seventh annual Trades Union ) Congress opened on Monday at Leeds, Mr. R. Bell. M.P., chairman of the Parliamentary Committee, presiding. It was stated that 449 delegates, representing a million and a half workers, had been appointed to attend. The report of the Parliamentary Committee stated that questions of the greatest political and industrial importance to workers had marked the past twelve months. First of all there was the Fiscal controversy, and the committee had done all in its power to combat the raging and tearing propaganda initiated by Mr. Chamberlain. They had also done their best to condemn the Labour Ordinance for importation of Chinamen into South Africa, which has aroused such strong feeling throughout the country of dissatisfaction at the Government's action. They regretted that the Prime Minister had refused facilities to pass the Trades Unions and Trades Disputes Bill, and finally they advised trades unionists to send to Parliament only men willing to work in the interests of labour. Mr. Bell, in opening the proceedings, said that when they last met at Leeds thirty years ago they represented only 730,000 members, whereas now their constituents numbered a million and a half. He read a message of congratulation from the American Federation of Labour, claiming that universal solidarity of labour must result in uni- versal peace and brotherhood. The Lopd Mayor of Leeds, on behalf of all sec- tions of the citizens, tendered the delegates a hearty welcome to Leeds, and said he trusted that the result of their deliberations would tend not only to the true welfare of the workers, but also to the lasting and true welfare of this great nation. Mr. Bell proposed, and the Congress passed, a hearty vote of thanks to the Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress for their welcome. A resolution of sympathy with Mr. Woods, secretary ts the Parliamentary Committee, absent through serious illness, was unanimously adopted.
Mining and quarrying throughout the world command the personal attention of more than four and a half million men. Of the grand total of 4,738,393, no fewer than 1,592,050 be- long to the British Empire, the remaining 3 146 343 being "foreigners." Great Britain and her Colonies and possessions have been specially favoured by the forces of Nature in so far as there is an abundance of valuable mineral which may be mined, and thus add to the wealth of the Empire. More than half the miners of the world are employed in getting coal alone. Great Britain employs over three-quarters of a million, the United States and Germany over half a million each, France 165,000, Belgium 135,000, Austria 123,000; whilst India comes along with close upon 100,000.
I ART AND LITERATURE. The Royal Academy, according to custom,, will, it is said, make a really representative dis- play of the works of G. F. Watts in its next winter exhibition. Such a show might well be made one of the most remarkable of modern times, if, as presumably will be the case, the Academicians to whom the organisation of the exhibition is entrusted take care to secure ade- quate examples of his achievement. There is ample material to select from, and there are very few of the artist's works which are un- worthy of places in a memorial collection. But there may be a little difficulty in obtaining for Burlington House all his most famous paintings, for several other galleries are competing with the Academy. Among others the Glasgow In- stitue of the Fine Arts proposes to include a group of works by Mr. Watts in its spring show. It has secured nine or ten important pictures, among them one which has never been ex- hibited. A well-known author has again been complain- ing that there is a conspiracy in this country to suppress good literature. It is true undoubtedly that the market for stuff which no man of letters can produce without a loss of self-respect is bet- ter than that which Hawthorne or the Poe of "The House of Usher" would find if they were working to-day. Thus a writer not. unknown devoted a good month recently to thinking out and writing a story of four thousand words. It is a fact that the discovery of one word for the last sentence cost him the whole of a morn- ing. He was under contract to supply a story to a syndicate, and he sent it this as his latest tale, though he certainly thought it would look odd in the columns of a newspaper. By return he got a reply from the manager of the syndicate, who was grieved and even shocked. He did not think he ought ever to have been offered that story. So the author, wanting a cheque, turned to and produced in a day a story which could cause him the greatest shame were it not that he immediately forgot what it was about. The manager was delighted, and, after all, he was merely human. The public has the right to what it desiderates, and kippers to the general are infinitely more attractive than caviare. The Society for the Propagation of the Gos- pel in Foreign Parts has issued "The Christian Faith in Japan," which gives an account of the missionary work accomplished in that country during recent years, and also of the prospect of development in the immediate future. The book is well illustrated, and conveys much mis- cellaneous information on the characteristics of a people who just now are attracting universal attention. 0 Messrs. Chapman and Hall will shortly com- mence the publication of their new "Standard" euition of the complete works of Carlvle. This edition will be in eighteen demy 8vo." volumes, bound in rich dark blue buckram, with frontis- pieces and red and black title pages, published at the uniform price of 5s. per volume. The publishers claim that, as a complete library edi- tion, this is by far the cheapest issue of Carlyle yet placed on the market. Two volumes will be published on the 15th of each month until the edition is complete. The creator of Uncle Remus and Brer Rabbit ha,s versified some of his tales, and is bringing them out in the autumn as "The Tar-Baby and other Songs of Uncle Remus." This is surely rather a risky experiment. Mr. E. T. Cook, in his introduction to the thirteenth volume of the Library Edition of Buskin's works, calls attention to the way in wMoh the conditions under which Turner left his nictures and sketches to the nation have been disregarded by the responsible authorities. Turner intended his pictures to be hung together fn a special gallery, and his sketches to be so arranged as to be reasonably accessible. But in none of the national buildings is there space available for the proper arrangement of the works of our greatest master, and as a result many of his oil paintings cannot be seen by the public, and thousands of his sketches are stored away in boxes in the cellars of the National Gallery. This certainly cannot be considered a proper ful- filment of the terms of his bequest; and the con- sequence of such a state of affairs is that the full display of his rare mastery is not possible. But it is not only concerning the treatment of the Turner collection (rema.rks the "Globe") that there is cause for complaint. For want of proper exhibition space a great many of the artistic trea- sures which we possess are practically non- existent, or at all events can only be seen by people who have plenty of spare time to waste in hunting up the things they want to examine* What is especially needed is a large building in which our secluded collections of drawings and sketches by great artists could be properly dis- played. From the British and South Kensing- ton Museums, and from the cellars of the National Gallery, plenty of material could be obtained for a permanent exhibition which would surprise many people who have not the least idea of the educational value and importance of the things which are hidden away in inaccessible places. That such a building will ever be pro- vided bv the Government is an absolute remote possibility, but it could easily be erected by a few of the millionaires who build public libraries end buy masterpieces for the National Gallery "The Literary Year Book has been transferred to Messrs. George Routledge and Sons, Limited, who will publish the ninth annual volume, 1905, early in January next year. The new issue is now in active preparation, and Messrs. Routledge intend to introduce several new features, include ing a catalogue of the books of 1904 arranged under subject headings, and an alphabetical list of the books included in the catalogue and in tha Author's Directory. They also intend to simplify the information in the second part of the Year Book by combining certain articles in order to avoid cross references. Letters and inquiries should be addressed to the Editor, care of George Routledge and Sons, Limited, Broadway House, Ludgate-hill, and matter for insertion in the forthcoming issue should reach the office at as early a date as possible. Early in October Messrs. Macmillan will publish a new prose work by the Poet Laureate. It will be entitled "The Poet's Diary, Edited by Lamia," whose name will be familiar to all readers of "The Garden that I Love." The claim advanced by Lord Windsor in his recently published monograph on Constable, that to this artist's influence can be traced what is truest and most lasting in the modern schools of landscape painting, can hardly be said to be exaggerated. No other artist of his time showed so complete an understanding of the way in which fine qualities of design could be combined with perfect truth to nature, so as to produce a dignified and persuasive pictorial result. It is well that the extent of the influence exercised by his art should be insisted upon, because a proper appreciation of his aims is of little less value to modern men than it was to his immediate suc- cessors. He established a standard against which the work of other followers of nature can be measured and though mere imitation of his mannerisms is not to be desired, hardly anyone would be suggested as more worthy of "study by every painter of landscape 6ulbjects. From the offices of "Country Life" comes an important volume, "In English Homes," com- piled by Mr. Charles Latham. It is profusely illustrated with reproductions from photographs of "the internal character, furniture, and adornments of some of the most notable houses of England" and, as a pictorial record of interest- ing examples of domestic architecture, it can be highly commended. The illustrations are well selected and excellently reproduced, and they give an admirable idea, of '♦he great amount or picturesque material which is in this country more or less accessible to artists and antiquaries- The descriptive text, which accompanies the ilustrations is sufficiently explanatory of the pur- pose of the book.
Arrangements are practically completed for the annual conference of the National Union of Women Workers of Great Britain and Ireland, to be held at York from the 7th to the 11th of November. The primary object of the union is to promote the social, civil, moral, and religious welfare of women. Among the subjects to be discussed are Hygiene, Recent Efforts to Deal With the Unemployed, Our National Responsi- bility, Technical Education, and the Publics Work of Women.