.I- TOWN TOPICS. (From Our London Corre&pondent.) The presence of many cycling athletes in London from France, Italy, Sweden, Den- mark, Germany, Russia, South Africa, Aus- tralia^ America and Switzerland, in connection with the contests for the world's champion- ships at the Crystal Palace, has afforded an op- portunity of international amenities, of whicn the City has not been slow to take advantage. Mr. D. G. Collins, C.C., the acting president and chairman of the City of London Interna- tional Commercial Association; successfully organised a round of festivities which tools place on Tuesday last. At half-past ten in the morning the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs re- ceived a large number of foreign and colonial delegates and sports competitors at the Man- sion House, whence the party passed to the Guildhall. After being shown the treasures of the venerable building they were escorted to the Holborn Viaduct Hotel, where lun- cheon was served. In the afternoon the party visited Buckingham Palace, and in the even- ing there was a special gala performance at the Alhambra in honour of the visitors. Al- together it was a busy but delightful day. London librarians do not, as a body, sup- port the opinion expressed by Sir William Bailey at the recent meeting of the Library Associaton at Newcastle, that newspapers should be abolished from public libraries, as they are cheap enough for everyone to buy. The obvious answer to this is that a man cannot afford to buy every paper, and it is to the advantage of the community that every side of public questions should be read and studiea. Another reason put forward for the retention of the newspapers is that many people out of work, who cannot afford to spend even a half- penny on literature, eagerly scan the adver- tisement columns daily in search of employ- ment. To them it is a great boon to be able to see every newspaper likely to contain offers of work. It is the opinion of the leading London librarians that a very small percent- age of readers use the public libraries in order to study the betting news. Hard times press upon the clerk and the shorthand writer quite as much aa upon the working-man. A week or so ago a firm of London solicitors advertised a va- cancy on the staff. No fewer than 975 replies were received by the first post on the day fol- lowing publication, and scores of others ar- rived by every post afterwards for several days. Of course, not one-tenth of the appli- cants possessed the necessary qualifications for the position, but the mere fact that so many fairly well-educated men should be out of situations shows that business is bad and that & great amount of privation exists. Mr. John Burns, M.P., has been making what he calls a "pilgrimage of duty" through London, and the result of his observations is not at all unfavourable. He has been telling an interviewer that a daily perambulation of three weeks confirms his impression that Lon- don is growing lovelier, healthier, and better every day, and added: "I find the people bet- ter clothed, cleaner, and certainly less drunken. The children are better booted, and wear cleaner pinafores, and I think they are better, because more cheaply, fed. There are not the corner boys there were. I did not 8ee so many women bearing upon their faces the marks of the beast.' Here and there in large blocks of houses and people I was often surprised by the tidy homes and the clean children, representing patient love and care on the part of the mothers." Most people will agree with him when he says: The municipal bodies have not been ploughing the sand. Roads are better paved. The streets are broader and cleaner. Drainage is sweeter, and there is a complete absence of offensive smells. The efforts of the London County Council loomed up wherever one went, and here and there the local authorities were keeping stride and pace with the central authority." Although we do not all approve of Mr. Burns' methods and principles, we all Tecognise in him a keen observer and a. good I judge of social conditions and progress. His testimony, therefore, as to the improved con- I ditions of London life may be relied upon. One marked sign of the growth of London < and of the increasing tendency to live in the j "outer circle" of the suburbs is to be seen in the necessity that has arisen for the enlarge- ment of several of the principal railway sta- tions. Waterloo has long been in the hands of the contractors, and the alterations there will give several new platforms, and simplify the seemingly hopeless tangle of lines. Now it is the turn of Paddington, which has long been unequal to the demands made upon it. It has therefore been decided to increase the number of platforms. Three or four lines will be added, and an extra road for vehicles, for which a part of London-street will prob- ably have to be demolished. Plans are now being prepared, and as soon as the necessary Parliamentary powers have been obtained the work will be proceeded with. This overflow of the residential population from the City and Central London to the suburbs is part of a general movement of great significance and importance from vari- ous points of view. The population of the central portions of all our great cities is either stationary or declining, while that of ,their suburbs is increasing in consequence of the influx from the country as well as from the towns. If the process goes on un- checked the Englishman of the future will be of the City, but not in it; and the subur- ban type will be the most widespread and characteristic of all, as the rural has been'in the past, and as the urban may perhaps be said to be of the present. The Confectioners and Bakers are having their annual exhibition at the Agricultural Hall this week. The interest which this Exhibi- tion excites may be judged from the fact that there are some 15,000 different exhibits, and over 10,000 competitors in the different com- petitions. A model bakery is, perhaps the most interesting exhibit, so far as the general public is concerned, all the different processes of breadmaking being clearly shown. Another attractive exhibit is a stall of Colonial pro- duce arranged by the Canadian Exhibition Commission, which includes biscuits, confec- tonery, tinned, bottled, and fresh fruits, con- densed milk, maple sugar, eggs, and butter. All playgoers are glad to welcome Mr. George Alexander's return to the paths of romantic comedy. As a hero of romance, Mr. Alexander holds the highest position in public favour, and in Mr. Sydney Grundy's dramatic version of Mr. J. M. Forman's story "The ■Garden of Lies," he has a part entirely suited to his abilities. The plot concerns Prince Carol of Novodnia, a. mysterious Balkan prin- cipality, who has married an American heiress. -On the day of their marriage the lady is thrown out of a carriage, and loses all memory of her wedding and her husband; while the Prince, owing to a number of un- expected deaths, succeeds to the throne or Novodnia, and is obliged to leave America at once. This gives rise to a number of very ingenious situations, some of which are re- miniscent of "The Prisoner of Zenda" and ,others of "L'Assommoir." Mr. Alexander takes the part of Denis. Mallory, a young Irishman, in his accustomed finished and effective manner; Miss Lilian Braithwaite makes a handsome and winning princess, and the other- roles are all ably filkdr T. i
NEWS NOTES. I Our King, to the joy of all the liege*, has returned from Marienbad in robust health. Only the other day, King Edward's doctor at the German spa announced that his Majesty's appetite and digestion were all that could be wished, and, on his arrival in London our Sovereign's alert and vigorous presentment fully/carried out the most optimistical re- ports.' Loid Curison of Kedleston took leave of the King and Queen on Saturday previous to his return to India. Lord Savile's house party at Rufford Abbey invited to meet the King, included the Earl and Countess Cado- gan, the Marquis de Soveral (the Portuguese Minister), Viscount and Viscountess Churchill, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur James, Miss Jane Thornewill, and Lord and Lady Farquhar. Rufford Abbey is an ideal place wherefrom "to do" Doncaster races, and the King is always happy and comfortable there with Lord and Lady Savile's party. It iii interesting to note that a relic of much historic moment has arrived at Blair Castle, the Perthshire seat of the Duke of Atholl, in the battered gun-carriage around which the men of the Scottish Horse fought 80 gallantly at Braakenslaagte. The lids of the boxes containing the emergency ammuni- tion are still in position for action, though riddled with bullets. The Marquis of Tulli- bardine, eldest son of the Duke of Atholl, was in command of the Scottish Horse during the war in South Africa. Though the Ceylon camp for prisonera taken during the South African war was broken last year, there still remained, we gather, five out of the original 6,000 Boers interned in the island who refused to take the oath or the declaration of allegiance, and at the same time declined to proceed else- where than to South Africa. They were, therefore, released in the island, but informed that the Government was at any time ready to provide them with a passage to any place except South Africa, or to South Africa if they would declare allegiance. Two of the five subsequently complied with the condi- tion and were accordingly repatriated. One of the last three has died in the island, and the remaining two still seem to prefer volun- tary imprisonment. After all the big fighting around Liao- yang the tale is that both Russia and Japan need more men. We are told that Kuropatkin has sent to St. Petersburg for six more Army Corps, and yet that the Mikado's forces need a good deal of strengthening be. fore they can surround those of the Czar. Yet under Oyama's guidance, Kuroki, rein- forced by Nodzu, may be able to force him- self across the Russian front. But we fear there must be much more desperate strug- gling, apparently, before General Kuropatkin can either be defeated or break his way through. His retirement this time is at least certain to be harassed in every possible way, if it cannot be headed off. It will need more than great generalship to make of it one of those "successful" retirements of which some of the strategists speak. There has been a good deal of rumouring of the loves and wilful temper of the Ger- man Crown Prince, but now we have the an- nouncement of the betrothal of the Kaiser's heir apparent, and we may wish all happiness to the illustrious sweethearts. The Prince's bride-elect, the Duchess Cecilie Augustine Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, is in her eighteenth year, and is the daughter of the late Grand Duke Frederick Francis ill. or Mecklenburg-Schwerin, who died in 1897. The Kaiser's policy of conciliating Russia will be assisted by this alliance, since the mother of the future German Empress is a Russian Princess, the daughter of the Grand Duke Michael, brother of the Czar Alexander 11. The Duchess Cecilie's elder sister is married to Prince Christian of Denmark. The Kaiser's heir is a little over two and twenty. The Pan-Celtic Congress, which has throughout been a picturesque gathering, m bringing together the different members of the Celtic race, attired in ancient national garb, came to a close in Carnarvon Castle with an inspiring address by Lord Castletown, the president. Thereupon the delegates re- leased their National sections from the "Lia Cineil," declaring that duty of the stone was done until they were again required to form the pillar, which is to be raised three years hence in the Highlands. The Congress evoked much enthusiasm, and is voted a com- plete success. A chief of no small account in Zululand is dead in the person of Usibepu, who was very much to the fore two decades ago in the trouble which followed Cetewayo's overthrow. He was an independent chief, almost as powerful as Cetewayo, and on the restoration of the latter to the throne, after his visit to England, he retained his own authority. With the aid of the Boers, however, Usibepu, was beaten and driven into his own territory, and in May, 1884, the Boers installed Dini- zulu, son of Cetewayo, king at a laager near the Ingome Forest. Usibepu acknowledged Dinizulu as king on the condition that his in- dependence in his own territory and that of his ally Oham, was not affected. He had a strong and powerful native following, and his death may bring trouble. An agreement signed and sealed at Seoul between the Koreans and the Japs gives the Mikado the upper hand in the "Hermit King- dom." It provides that the Korean Govern- ment shall engage as financial adviser to the Korean Government a Japanese subject re- commended by the Japanese Government, and all matters concerning finance shall be dealt with after his counsel has been taken. Further, it is agreed that the Korean Go- vernment shall engage as a diplomatic adviser to the Department of Foreign Affairs a foreigner recommended by the Japanese Go- vernment, and all important matters con- cerning foreign relations shall be dealt with after his counsel has been taken. The Korean Government, it is also agreed, shall consult the Japanese Government previous to conclud- ing treaties or conventions with foreign Powers, important diplomatic affairs, such as the granting of concessions to or contracts with foreigners. If Japan can but maintain this position, Korea will be of inestimable value to the pushful island Empire of the Far East.
PORT ARTHUR PLACE NAMES. I It will be noticed, says the "County Gentle- man," that the hills and natural features round Port. Arthur are, commonly named after wild animals. The natural mole in front of the har- bour is the "Tiger's Tail." There is also "Tiger Mountain, near the mouth of the Yalu, and in the line of heights defended by the forts of Port Arthur are both the "Wolf" and the I "White Wolf,v mountains. A famous precipice off the Korean coast is the "Eagle Cliff." It waa kept as a breeding ground for eagles, which were sent aa tribute to the Emperors of China, in the same way that the Governors of Ieeland had to send Iceland falcons as presents to the X-tngs of Denmark.
LADY "SANDWI()R-MEN." A London pbysiibian's rather startling suggestion that philanthropic ladies should appear with sandwich-boards warning inexperienced mothers against mistakes in infant feeding suggests a no^el occupation for women. The lady sandwich-man would c ertai nly attract attention; butsome'ladies d6 that already. I have certainly," said a Bristol lady, received more attention than I desired. People made remarks about me as I passed. I was called a walking ghost/my face was so palo and thin from anaemia. I had very poor blood. Food seemed to do me no good. My head ached, and I felt tired after the least exertion. My father thought I was going into a consumption. After many years of illness a friend recom- mended me to try Dr. Williams' pink pills for pale people. The first box certainly made me better, and after the second box there was a marked im- provement. I felt stronger, and was less easily tired. Colour commenced to come into my face— a sure sign that the pills were making new blood— and my friends noticed the change for the better. I continued the course and I cannot remember when I was so healthy before. I work well, eat well, and sleep well." The speaker was Mrs. Thorne, 106, St. Mark's- road, Bristol. Dr. Williams' pink pills cured her because they made new blood. Whatever diseasel arise from too little blood, or blood that lacks rich- ness and purity, they can cure, just as surely as food cures hunger. The genuine pills always bear Dr. Williams' name, and substitutes are useless and fraudulent. Dr. Williams' medicine co. will send a box post free for two shillings and nine- pence to any address. It is by making new blood that they cure ansemia, bile, consumption, indiges- tion, St. Vitus dance: it is by making pure blood that they cure rheumatism, kidney disease, eczema and all skin troubles. They give strength to every- one, especially to women, who'know why they need new blood more often than their husbands and brothers. ■■
WORKERS' RUSKS. I VALUE OF THE WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACT. During the year 1903 the number of cases dealt with under the Workmen's Compensation and Employers' Liability Act was 1437, the largest yet recorded, the totals from 1899 to 1902, being 999, 1145, 1370, and 1269 respectively. Agriculture, to which the Act was extended in 1900, shows a further increase, there being 75 cases, as against 69 and 11 in the two previous years. The propor- tion of cases in which the applicant was successful was 84 per cent. In 324 cases the compensation was awarded on account of death, and in all of them, with one exception, the deceased had left dependents. The total amount so awarded was £ 58,529. Of a total of 2033 cases taken into court, 953 had reference to factory hands, 439 to miners, 212 to men employed on buildings, 135 to railway servants, 119 men engaged in engineering work, 110 to agriculturists, and 65 to quarrymen. The total number of actions brought in county- courts during the year 1903 under the Employers' Liability Act, 1880, was 513. In 125 cases judg- ment was given for the plaintiff, and in 95 for the defendant. The amount of damages awarded being £ 13,247. Taking the Board of Trade re- turns as to the number employed and the average weekly earnings, the amount paid as compensation in 1903 works out at about 10s. 6d. per £ 100 of wages paid. l
I IMPORTANCE OF PROPER FOOD. The rising, and not a few of -the risen genera* tton have much to be thankful for in the prac- tical attention which has been given to the rear- ing of Infants, and particularly to their nourish- ment, during the last third of a century. It is just thirty-six years since Mellin, of Infant Food celebrity started his life-saving industry, and it is not too much to say that through its agency the rearing of infants has been simpli- fied; their mortality lessened, and their develop- ment in physical and intellectual vigour im- proved to a marked extent during this period. (this "Food," from more than one centre of manufacture, has spread itself throughout the civilised world, and imitations of it more or less crude, and under different names, have lent their testimony to its value and its fame. Mel- lin's Food, is the standard adjunct, unimprov- able, and without a rival, which r«nders the milk of domesticated animals suitable for nourishing human offspring. It is an interesting and instructive study to examine the vast collection of baby and/other portraits, and,the descriptive matter which ac- companies them, now in possession of the Company in London. Babies, children, and adolescents j of both sexes seem to cover every variety of civilised humanity; and the burden of their song is Mellin's Food; the foundling deposited on a door-step a few hours after birth; the skin and skeleton starveling of a alum; the mite of premature birth, too feeble to-ldrww the maternal sustenance; the little one who draws in vain from the enfeebled mother; the inheritor of disease; in a word, the child of every condition and every degree, to whom nature haa denied her promised aliment*; all transformed into ruddy, robust, muscular lumps of laughing humanity. Then there are the young people of another order, who, having graduated, so to speak, at the maternal breast, have by "qualifying" on Mellin's Food, steered safely through all the periods of childhood, and are entering their period of adolescence, mens tana in c pore sano. Of such as these should or a nation be made. There is another claas of cases which cannot be represented by portraiture. They are not those of children, but of grown and aged people who, stricken in b.Ith. have well nigh suc- cumbed in the battle of life. From their doors the Dark Angel has been warned off by Mellin's Food, and the milk of babes has proved better than a banquet.
I LUNACY STATISTICS. In view of the appointment of a Royal Commis. sion to report tipon the care of feeble-minded and defective persona not certified under the lunacy laws, it is of interest to note the figures given in this connection in the last census returns. In 1901 there were 27,196 persons enumerated as insane who were not in any public institution. There ir a great increase on the figures for 1891, which were 17,315. This, strikibg difference, however, is no doubt largely accounted for by the fact that in the census schedules the term feeble mind was adopted in place of the word idiot," which had been used at previous censuses. The total number of persons in England and Wales who were enumerated as insane in 1901 was 132,654, the total as given by the Lunacy Commissioners being 107,944.
RHEUMATISM AND PARALYSIS. I THEIR COMPLETE HOME CURE.—POST FREE TO READERS OF THIS PAPER. —FOR TEN DAYS ONLY. A handsome illustrated treatise, giving full description of Rheumatism and Paralysis, with instructions for a complete home cure, describ- ing the most successful treatment in Great Britain, recommended by the Ministry and en- dorsed by msdical men. This highly instruc- tive book was writiten by W. H. Veno, a gentle- man who has made a special study of these diseases. The preface iB by a graduate of the University of Wurtzburg. Send post card to- day and you will receive the book free by re- turn.—Address, The Veno Institute, 235, Cedar- street, Hulme, Manchester. i» ■ m
A LION ON THE STAIRS. M. Leblanc, on going up the staircase of No. 17. Rue Saulnier, in Paris, on Saturday, met a playful young lion coming down. Rushing off to the police station, he returned with a squad officers with drawn swords and revolvers. On inquiry it transpired that M. Deveire, a menagerie agent, lived in the house, and had oeveral young lions and tigers, which played About the courtyard, much to the amusement of the tenants. M. Deveire has been requested to keep his playful animals within bounds for the future.
Rjpresa, a convict prison in California, is unique in the fact that it possesses no wall. The grounds are studded with nineteen guard posts, which are built of stone and wood, and resemble a system of lighthouses. They are built on salint points of observation, and are fitted with Gatling machine-guns, Winchester rifles, and shot guns. These posts are from 40ft. to 60ft. high, and are placed various dis- tances apart, averaging 300 yards. No convict is allowed to pass between the posts unless he has permission or is accompanied by an officer or guard. Each post is manned by a clever marksman, and is only accessible by a draw- ladder, which is pulled up after the post is occupied.
Mr. Andrew Carnegie has promised to give the last thousand of more than twelve thou- sand pounds required for the extension of Dar- lington Hospital. Two hundred and thirty million tons of cost were raised last year in the United Kingdom, I an increase of 3,000,000 over the previous year.
THE WAR! LIAO-YANG IN THE HANDS OF THE I JAPS. The Russians have evacuated Liao-yang, which has been occupied by the Japanese, and the First Siberian Army Corps, under General Stackelberg, numbering about 25,000 men, has been cut off by General Oku to the west of Liao-yang. The critical position of this magnificent force, comprising some of the flower of the Russian army, is apparently due to a grave error. General Kuropatkin, telegraphing on Saturday night, says that General Stackelberg, interpret- ing .,his orders instead of limiting himself to executing them, has been driven back to the west of Liao-yang by General Oku, who has cut him off from the rest of the army and crushed him. This check decided the Generalissimo to evacuate Liao-yang at once. General Stackel- berg's forces had previously saved General Orloff's detachment when it was threatened with annihilation by attacking the Japanese flank. In this encounter General Orloff was seriously wounded. Before retiring from Liao-yang General Kuro- patkin ordered the ftorehouses to be burned, and all the buildings near the railway station were destroyed on Saturday. Marshal Oyama announces the occupation of Liao-yang by his forces on Sunday morning, and the news is confirmed from St. Petersburg, where these fresh disasters to the Russian arms have caused widespread consternation. MUKDEN IN PERIL. I General KuropatSnT is making a supreme I effort to withdraw his forces to Yentai, about twelve miles north of Liao-yang, but the Japan- ese are pressing him relentlessly, and in mili- tary circles at St. Petersburg the impression prevails that a retreat under close pressure by the Japanese will cost General Kuropatkin dearly. That his position is critical is shown by the fact that General Kuroki's army has captured the last intervening range of hills near the railway, and the Japanese now hold a com- manding position, whence they will be able to strike at the line to Mukdeti. The combined armies of General Kuroki and General Nodzu are said to be on the right bank of the Taitse River, General Oku's forces alone remaining south of Liao-yang.. Fighting still continues in the vicinity of Liao-yang, and the result is awaited with interest. SPIES HANGED AT PORT ARTHUR. I At Port Arthur the bombardment continues without interruption, but it is said that the Japanese have found a weak spot in the Russian defences which will attract further efforts to break down. A telegram received in Rome states that General Stoessel captured four Japanese, who were trying to enter Port Arthur disguised as Chinese, and hanged them from the top of the forts looking towards the enemy as a lesson to ethers. This was done amidst a shower of shells from their assailnts, and aroused great enthusiasm among the Russian troops. JAPANESE AND RUSSIANS FIGHT EACH OTHER WITH STONES. # A correspondent of the Paris "Messager Offi- ciel" telegraphs from Mukden that fire was opened on August 31 by the Japanese until ten a.m., when they attacked in columns, firing in groups at only 150 paces distance. Russian officers drew their swords and re-volvers, while the cannon mowed ways through the Japanese ranks. The armies were so close that the faces of the Japanese could be seen and the orders of their oiticers heard. The Japanese and Rus- one another8 7 throwin8 Bto™a at A storm which gathered in the skies paled as the enemy advanced before the tempest of war. w!^°i~Jakg wa9.^raPPed in a dense smoke; one would emerge n aU^ no 0Ile• moreoTer> seemed rl+ZTt f0' when the officers ordered the. battery, which had lost forty gunners 0 rePIfce it by another, the men. cried that it was useless, and they would all die at *Kir P?stf\ Torrential rain fell at eight o'clock, and reduced to silence the fire of the two armies once*18 80011 M ceasec*' firing recommenced at On the 1st at 3.45, the first shell fell on Liao- yang, followed by a hail of projectiles, sweeping town and the railway station. Luckily the station wasevacuated, and all the rolling-stock removed. The first wounded were a Sister of Charity, a doctor, and several Chinese. FIGHTING IN THE TALL GRASS. I After the decisive engagement between General Kuropatkin s and General Kuroki's forces large numbers of Japanese, perfectly concealed in the tall Kao-Liang grass, stealthily crept up to the retreating Russians and inflicted heavy losses upon them. The same tactics had been previously adopted with murderous results against General Orloff s mixed detachment, which was assailed amidst the grass with a completely unexpected fire. In the panic which ensued one regiment alone lost 1,500, or half its total strength. TERRIBLE SCENES AT THE CROSSING I OF A RIVER. One of the most ghastly of the incidents re- corded is that which occurred during the cross- ing of the Taitse River at one stage of the Rus- sian* retreat. Many horses bad been drowned in the passage of the river, and the bodies had drifted to one point, where they became wedged and dammed the waters. The soldiery were so eager to pass the river that by common consent they chose the bridge formed* by the bodies of the dead animals for their passage. This caused a new catastrophe, for the carcases of the horses being loosened one from another by the flow of the stream, the dam collapsed, precipitating a great number of the men crossing at the time into the water. Two soldiers were so affected and overwrought by the scene that they became mad. The wounded on both sides are many, and so great is the lack of doctors, especially sur- geons, and so much are the nurses overworked, that only those whose hurts are of the gravest character can be attended to. The other wounded are obliged to attend to themselves as best they can. It is stated that the casualties already average 50.000. THE RACE TO MUKDEN.—MANY RUSSIAN I GUNS ABANDONED. I From Japanese sources there was, up to Tues- day, no information whatever of the operations of their armies since Sunday morning. "The Times" special correspondent with General Kuroki on the Tai-tse, in a message dated Satur- day morning, says that General Kuroki's flanking movement has progressed by a succession of desperate night attacks. The Russians are hold- ing their position tenaciously, and making an unexpectedly strong stand. Messages from "The Times" special correspondent with the Japanese Left Army, of August 31 and September 1, lay stress on the tenacity of the Russian resistance. From St. Petersburg it is reported that a tele- gram from General kuropatkin, despatched on Sunday evening, appears to indicate that his army and that of General Kuroki are racing each other for Mukden, and the result is still in doubt. In a message of Monday's date, General Kuro- patkin says the retreat of the Russian troops from the right bank of the Tai-tse on Sunday night was carried out in good order. The enemy's insignificant attempts at pursuit were stopped by the Russian rearguard. During Sunday the Japanese strengthened their forces operating against the Russian left flank, and extended their line from the Yen-tai mines north- ward. Their troops are also pushing across the Tai-tse at different points. Messages from St. Petersburg say that it is officially stated that the united Russian forces are now north of Yen-tai, with the exception of a detachment left at that place to cover the retreat. The bulk of the | Japanese forces are marching direct on Mukden. It is admitted at the General Staff that the posi- tion of the Russian forces is precarious. Their losses in the Liao-yang fighting are estimated at 16,000 men, and there, is no doubt that a large j number of guns, especially siege artillery—some j accounts say 200—have been abandoned. Most <4 the French correspondents in St. Petersburg in their telegrams of Monday took a gloomy view of the situation. According to one of them the tbelief is cherished at the Russian Court that the Japanese will become exhausted, but that the war will not be over before next spring. Three new Army Corps are to be mobilised. THE SMOLENSK AND THE PETERBURG. ihe Russian Foreign Ministry has received 0 information that the instructions of the Govern- ment have been successfully conveyed to the Volunteer cruiser Peterburg, but there is as yet no news of the Smolensk. KUROPATKIN EXTRICATES HIMSELF. General Kuropatkin telegraphed to the Czar under date September 5:- "To-day, September 5, the Army advancing North extricated itself from the dangerous situa- tion in which it found itself, being threatened by the enemy and having a narrow front. The enemy throughout the day cannonaded the rear- guards of our front and left flank columns, especially the latter, but without much effect. We lost about 100 men to-day." MAKING FOR MUKDEN. A despatch from Mukden, dated at noon on Monday, states that the baggage trains of the Russian army, followed by artillery, were arriv- ing from Yen-tai, the leading convoy having already passed through the town, going North. The retreat was effected in good order, but the Japanese are sparing no efforts to reach Mukden as quickly as possible, and rearguard actions are constantly taking place. A message has been received in St. Petersburg to the effect that, as the Japanese were approaching Mukden, the evacuation of that town by the Russians has begun. Heavy fighting commenced to the North- east of Yen-tai on Monday. The Japanese were pressing Northwards along the ridges East of the Railway. Firing was heard at Port Arthur on Tuesday night, a combined land and sea attack being expected next day. A cargo of provisions is said to have got into the port. THE SMOLENSK FOUND. I The Russian Volunteer cruisers Peterburg and Smolensk having, according to a telegram from Zanzibar, been sighted by a German steamer, the British cruiser Forte proceeded to them, and presented the Czar's orders to desist from inter- fering with neutral shipping. The Commanders of those vessels Stated that they would at once proceed to Europe.
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QUEEN ELIZABETH SUNK AT KEW. REMARKABLE ACCIDENT. The Queen Elizabeth, the well-known Thames pleasure steamer, met, on Monday, with a mishap at Kew-bridge, while carrying a full complement of passengers, as the result of which she lay in the evening practically submerged. She is the only boat which has run this summer between London and Hampton Court, and on Monday, in perfect weather for a river trip, she carried some 150 pleasure seekers. Everything went well on the outward journey. Returning she reached Keiv at 6.30 in the evening, and was quietly drawing alongside the pier, just below the bridge, when she fouled some hidden obstruction. It was not for a minute or two that those on board realised that anything but a harmless bump had been received, but when it was learned that water was pouring through a hole in the aft part of the vessel much excitement was naturally occasioned among the passengers. It being low tide, the depth of the river by the pontoon was no more than 3ft., and when this fact became appre- ciated, the inevitable feeling of alarm was to a great extent allayed. Nevertheless, so fast was the inrush of water that the stewardess in charge of the refreshment saloon, situated in the stern, had to beat a hasty retreat, abandoning her money and belongings. It was not long before many hundreds of spec- tators had congregated on Kew Bridge amd the river bank. There was nothing approaching a panic among the people on the steamer, although under the stress of excitement, and in their eager- ness to get ashore, there was considerable pushing and struggling. Among the women and children a certain amount of alarm prevailed, but there was ample time for all to land in perfect safety. As soon as the last passenger had left the deck, Captain Brooks and his crew busied themselves in salting the contents of the steamer, and everything movable, including two pianos, Was taken out and placed on the pier. By this time the stern of the Qneen Elizabeth had settled down, and the water had made headway in her engine-room, where the fires had already been extinguished in order to prevent a possible explosion. At twenty minutes past seven the Winifred, another pleasure steamer plying between London and Kew, arrived on the scene and her captain, Mr. Roe, mado an offer of assistance, which was gladly accepted. The stranded passengers were then embarked by the newcomer, and were taken to the Temple pier, which was reached at a quarter to ten. "CAs the tide rose the Queen Elizabeth settled uown more and more. and subsequently the water reached her funnel. The extent of the damage can at present only be guessed at, but in any case the river season is now near its end. The unfortunate vessel is a paddle steamer of 14:1 tons gross register, and was built in 1895 by Messrs. Edwards and Co., of London.
An elephant has died from the plague at Mysore. This is the first case of the kind in the history of the disease. Manchester's exports to the United States via the Ship Canal have been conspicuously declining for over twelve months. Several Liverpool ratepayers have obtained compensation for damage to their property caused by sectarian rioters. A shearling ram has just been gold by auction at Lincoln for 300 guineas. Six rams brought an aggregate of 716 guineas. A boy of five has been found half-dead in a ACt near Sunderland. His playmates had tied blim up. It WM < "new game."
[ HUMAN BEAUTY FARM. A remarkable marriage has taken place at Perm, in North-East Russia, on the estate of a wealthy distiller named M. Reshetnikoff, says the "Kobe Herald." The bride and bridegroom, both of magnificent physique, were the "nurs- lings" of M. Reshetnikoff, who has a beauty farm. The distiller has for many years attracted to his estate handsome giants from all parts of the province by offering valuable privileges. They are encouraged to enter matrimony by grants of land, payment of marriage expenses, and an annuity of E3 for every child born. Those who refuse to marry the partners selected are deported. Deformed and sickly persons have been driven from the estate. Since the in- stitution of this human beauty farm, forty model marriages have taken place, and over 100 chil- dren have been born, nearly all of them being immensely superior to the average Russian peasant children in strength and beauty. The girls in particular are remarkable for their graceful carriage and lithe, active forms. The latest marriage was celebrated with exceptional display, owing to the fact that the bride and bridegroom are tho first couple both of whom sprang from unions arranged by M. Reshetni- koff.
0 L- | SEE THE NAME STAMPED ON EACH PAD. I We go to some Trouble B to Show you the REAL ri "WOOD MILNE" I A REVOLVING I Ml HEEL PAD si Because we know that B V 111 i3 A GOOD ARTICLE. wow for your own benefit I I BUY |T» | J but tba i Vn- article made of the H 'FEB? BEST materia^ i H W I Prevents Nerve Jar. Ej vAtlflu H j\ ;KeepsBooxBinShape. B IO/ jl 1 Kevolves of Itself. H 1 fm 18 Non-Slip able. H Hi UsSa Is Very Comfortable. B I I Doubles the LiTe of B BOOTS AND SHOES. I I Cheap imitations sre being offered ;thW ■ Clack and SpUt. SEE THE NAME "WOOD Bj MIL2U2" oa Every Pad. THE REVOLVING HEEL CO., PRESTON. _1BIVMj11 HAIR DESSROYER TAMES' DEPIIATORYSSnstantly^ remove* SufS^rfluous Hairs' from 'the Face,s,?Neck 1#r "Arm, witb» out injury to the sk!n.« Of most Chemists or frit fivis ob. lCrVatton, post free, on 'receipt"of i-PosuliOrder'for u. j4. and 2S. 9<i.—Mrs. C. P. JAM ES; *68j^C*ledoalam Reai, j Londca V. I DEdiflgs C OT F E E. I RED I mm HUE ■ "Fop Breakfast & atfol..C.rnner. bmnKBBKwonar COLLOTYPE OF YCIR,O" SUBJECT& WSLSON, POSTOfiRPS "i&iE'ir*
GERMANY'S COMING KAISER. HIS BETROTHAL ANNOUNCED. The betrothal of the German Crown Frraee to the Duchess Cecilie, of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, is officially announced. The authorities of the province of Schleswig-Holstein were entertained at dinner by the Emperor and Empress on Sun- day evening at the Kaiserhof. Herr Woil- mowski, the provincial president, proposed the health of their Majesties. The Emperor replied, and called for three cheers for the Empress and the province of Schleswig-Holstein. Towards the end of the dinner the Emperor announced the engagement of the Crown Prince to the Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg. His Majesty's announcement was xeceived with great enthu- siasm. Frederick William, the German Crown Prince, was born at Potsdam on the 6th of May, 1882. The Duchess Cecilie Augusta Marie was horn at Schwerin on the 20th September, 1886, and ia the second daughter of the late Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. and sister of the present Grand Duke.
Bolton Corporation charges motor-wagons la. for a supply of water from the hydrants. Winnipeg is about to manufacture tobacco grown in Canada. Over one-half of the arable land of Japan ia devoted to the cultivation of rice. Total abstainers in 1832 were charged addi- tional ptQmtuin? by the iwjtirwee colavacies.