I TOWN TOPICS. II (From Our London Correspondent.) I Immediately the House of Commons re- assembles after the Easter vacation, proceedings in Parliament should become absorbingly interesting, for not only is there the introduce tion of the long-promised Licensing Bill, which it is stated will be in the personal charge of the Prime Minister—in itself an indication of the importance attached to the measure-but the Budget will follow within two or three days, and in view of the revealed deficit in the national income for the financial year just ended, amounting to several millions sterling, together with the prospect of an expensive time in the current financial twelvemonth, a good deal of anxiety is being expressed as to the nature of the proposals that Mr. Austen Chamberlain may decide upon in order to make two ends meet. For so young a Chancellor, a truly splendid opportunity is presented of showing himself to be a great financier; but, on the other hand, the particular circumstances of the forthcoming Budgst will furnish anything but a Primrose path for him to tread, and the way will be studded with pitfalls, into which, besides falling himself, he might perchance cause the Ministry to stumble. The Income-tax payer, with the impost at elevenpence in the pound in a time of peace, had some months ago looked forward to a reduction in this particular burden happy will he be now if it is not increased, as is sug- gested in certain quarters is likely to be the case. The coal-tax, Mr. Chamberlain has re- cently intimated, will net be raised, and whether it would be advisable to reimpose the Corn Registration duty, taken off by Mr. Ritchie lasb April, is a matter that the new Chancellor and his colleagues in the Cabinet have, doubtless, very carefully considered. Numerous suggestions for new methods of raising revenue are being freely proposed, one of the most notable of which is that there should be a thorough revision of the rates for publicans' licenses, coupled with an increase in the small uniform fee paid by brewers for the privilege of being allowed to brew beer for sale, as well as with the imposition of a somewhat light tax on what are termed temperance drinks." Taxes on cats, bicycles, and bachelors—the last named* put forward quite seriously-are among the other hints offered to the Chancellor by amateur Budget-framers. The war in the Far East has now lasted a couple of months, and after the excitement of the opening days when the Japanese fleet struck their great blow at Port Arthur the interval has proved comparatively quiet, save for the regular attacks on the same place, and, latterly, the skirmishes in Northern Korea. The Japanese have so skilfully screened their movements on land that even yet it is not clear what their real intentions are. Russia is fast pouring more men into Manchuria; but not content with the huge forces already there General Kuropatkin has called for four more Army Corps, or an additional total of nearly a quarter of a million troops, because unlike our Army Corps, which number about thirty thousand men, a Russian Army Corps on a war footing consists of sixty thousand of all arms. The struggle, it is increasingly ap- I parent, is bound to be a prolonged one, and the vital question for the Eastern "Island Kingdom" is-can she stand the strain F British interest in the East is not exclusively confined at the moment to the Russo-Japanese conflict, for the long-threatened trouble in Thibet has at last come to a head, and on Good Friday morning the papers contained the news that the inevitable collision had occurred, and had resulted in considerable bloodshed. History was again repeating itself, as it was on a Good Friday six years ago that the telegrams arrived announcing Lord Kitchener's victory over the Dervishes at Atbara-the battle which preceded by a few months the final "smashing of the I Khalifa at Omdurman. t, The progress already made with the Queen Victoria national memorial outside Bucking- ham Palace and in the arrangement of the pro- cessional route along the Mall, which is an essential part of the scheme, serves as a re- minder of the extensive process of renovation now being carried out on the Albert Memorial in Kensington-gardens. The lofty and imposing Eleanor Cross that so strikingly commemorates the virtues and activities of our late Sovereign's Consort had suffered somewhat severely from the effects of the London atmosphere, while the figure of Prince Consort which forms the in- ternal feature of the monument was obliged to be restored only some two years ago. During the last eighteen months the whole of the lower part of the structure, including the statue, has been completely enshrouded with scaffolding, behind which workmen have been busily engaged in the process ot reguilding and in thoroughly restoring the mosaic work, the latter proving a tedious and difficult opera- tion, requiring the exercise of much care and patience. By some ultra-aesthetic people the Memorial has been sarcastically dubbed a gilt monstrosity," and in a successful play now holding the boards at one of the chief London theatres it is unkindly referred to as "barbaric," but the ordinary individual, who has an almost Pagan weakness for a little brightness, will not be inclined to gird at thA resplendent appearance that the edifice will present when the entire work is completed and the wooden encasement finally removed. It may be recalled that Parliament voted fifty thousand pounds to the Albert Memorial, and though no similar grant has so far been made by the Mother Country for the Queen Victoria Memorial, it is not unlikely that the precedent will sooner or later be followed, especially as the self-governing colonies have already sent or promised handsome subventions from their public resources towards the present scheme. Some degree of success has already attended the latest innovation introduced by the Post Office, that being the provision of little cases, holding twenty-four penny stamps. The case consists of cardboard bearing on the front the royal cypher, and inside an amount of postal information which would often prove of con- siderable value. The stamps are. arranged in four pages of six stamps each, and the whole makes a neat little booklet just the proper size for the waistcoat pocket. Of course nothing is saved by purchasing the twenty-four stamps at a time; as a matter of fact, the buyer pays 2s.. d., or a halfpenny over and above their value in order to defray the cost of the cardboard covers. Handy and useful as the new arrangement undoubtedly is, might I be allowed to point out to the postal authorities that it could be even improved upon ? Why not, instead of twenty-four penny stamps, make up the amount with eighteen penny and twelve halfpenny ones P This would increase the utility of the booklet and tend to popularise it, because the ordinary individual frequently needs a halfpenny stamp, and it is irritating then only to find oneself with penny ones. Two halfpenny stamps can always be used in lieu of a penny one for postage and receipt purposes; but it is not permissible to cut a penny stamp in half in order to obtain halfpenny ones. I notice that the Kaiser William in some o the accounts published here of his trip to the Mediterranean is being referred to as the Emperor of Germany," which is, of course, a misdescription. Apparently it is thought that the term German Emperor is in no way diffe- rent from that of Emperor of Germany., This confusion arises froro a forgetfulness of the character of the German Empire and the circumstances under which it was pro- claimed thirty-three years ago this month. With its various States and Sovereign Princes, Germany is not an empire in the same sense as is Austria, or as France was j under the last Napoleon, but, according to the Constitution of April 16, 1871, it is a Con- federate League under the hereditary presi- dentship of the King of Prussia, who bears the title of German Emperor (Deutscher Kaiser). Bismarck, in his interesting" Reflections and Reminiscences," mentions that in the discus- sions which took place at Versailles during the siege of Paris regarding the assumption of the Imperial title, he carefully explained the difference between the adjectival form German Emperor and the genitival Emperor of Germany, pointing out that the latter involved a sovereign claim to the non-Prussian dominions, which the German Princes were not inclined to allow. The old King William was hostile to any Imperial designation, but if it had to be adopted pre- ferred the more ambitious style 01 Emperor of Germany, and Bismarck was in temporary disgrace owing to his insistence on the other title, which was the one employed in the Decree of the Reichstag. The Iron Chancellor further tells us that at the proclamation of the Empire in the Galerie des Glaces at the Palace of Versailles the Grand Duke of Baden, know- ing the King's objection to the chosen title, called for cheers, not for the German Emperor, but for the Emperor William, and thus neatly avoided offending his Majesty. Perhaps the most notable point about the Eastertide football was the louder than ever protest against Good Friday matches, but at a time when gate money is the dominant con- sideration it is improbable that any practical steps will be taken by the authorities of the game in the matter. The struggle for supremacy in the First Division of the League continues as keen as ever, and while Sheffield Wednesday appears likely to bear off the palm the position is by no means assured, and an equally good fight is being made for second place. The famous West Bromwich Albion team—"the Throstles"—are destined to descend to the Second Division, while it is practically certain that Preston North End and Woolwich Arsenal will obtain the coveted promotion to the premier class. The closing proceed- ings in connection with the determina- tion of honours in the Southern League this season also retain their interest, and the Eng- lish Cup foal promises to afford football lovers a thoroughly strenuous contest. But with the approach of the month of May one naturally thinks of the prospects of the great summer game, and there is every indication that the season of 1904 will be a very full, and, let us hope, prosperous one. True, we shall not have the opportunity of welcoming a return visit from our Australian kith and km, and the pro- jected tour of an Indian contingent has fallen through but, on the other hand, a strong com- bination is coming over from South Africa, including several of the men who were members of the 1901 team. County cricket should prove quite as good as last year, when Middlesex wrested the championship from the grasp of Yorkshire. R. j
TEACHERS CONFER. The National Union of Teachers opened its annual conference at Portsmouth on Easter Monday morning. After the customary reception by the Mayor in the Town Hall, Mr. G. Sharpies, of Manchester, was installed as president, and in the afternoon he delivered) his address. He described the Education Act of 1902 as lifting education to a higher plane, and urged the need for the attainment of some compromise on the religious question. Among other subjects dealt with in the address were the dearth of teachers, the salaries of teachers, and higher education.
STRENGTHENING THE FORTH DEFENCES. AN ELABORATE INSPECTION. The Master-General of the Ordnance, accom- panied by twelve staff officers and four artillery and engineer officers, has just completed an inspection of the fortifications of the Forth. Since the new naval base was decided on important improvements have been made at Dunbar and Kinghorn, the two fortified head- lands which dominate the entrance to the Forth, the former on the southern side and the latter on the north. The inspection of Cramond Isle and the promontory of Lammerlaws has given rise locally to the idea that an important extension of the scheme of land batteries is intended. The Lammerlaws promontory has been previously suggested as likely to be used for the site of new works auxiliary to the powerful batteries now guarding the estuary. Cramond Isle, which is adjacent to Lord Rosebery's house, forms an important point, owing to the sand banks off it. The inspection extended to the Inchkeith, Inchgarvie, Dalmeny, Kinghorn, and Carlingnose batteries, and the submarine mining establish- ments and electric light implacements round Rosyth and Blackness.
EISTEDDFOD AT MOUNTAIN ASH I Close upon fifteen thousand people attended the annual Eisteddfod at Mountain Ash, Glamor- ganshire. on Easter Monday, which was held in the Pavilion erected for next year's National Eisteddfod. Among those present was Lord Aberdare. The adjudicators included Dr. Sinclair, organist of Edinburgh Cathedral, and Mr. Brendon Rogers, Dublin. The chief choral contest prize, value £100, "Come with torches," was won bv the Mid Rhondda Choir. In the second choral contest the Blaengarw Choir, Bridgend, carried the day. Four parties, including the Welsh male party from London, competed for the prize of £ 40 awarded to the male voice party rendering "The King of the Worlds." The first prize went to the Resolven party, and the second to the London Welsh party. In the brass band contest the first prize went to Mountain Ash, and the second to Hebden Bridge, Yorkshire. Onech Ton Ystrad won the chair for a poem.
THE KAISER'S HOLIDAY. A DRIVE ROUND MESSINA. The Emperor William at noon on Easter Monday received a deputation of the ladies of Messina. His Majesty lunched on board the Hohenzollern with the authorities of Messina, and in the afternoon went for a drive in the neigh- bourhood. He was enthusiastically cheered by a large crowd'of spectators, His Majesty was in excellent spirits, and expressed great pleasure at the beautiful drive and the enthusiastic welcome he received from the population, which continued uninterruptedly all along the route. At every point bouquets were handed to the Emperor and flowers thrown into his carriage.
VICAR'S SAD END. I The Rev. Ernest Murray Robinson, Vicar of Merton, Surrey, was found dead in bed with his throat cut, and with a razor by his side, at a house in Brighton on Sunday night, where he had been staying with his wife. He had recently undergone a severe operation, and had been suffering from depression. Previous to going to Merton he held the Rectory of Smalley, Derby- y- shire.
Remember the Black Beetles, and be sure to tell Cook to well sprinkle,the floor near the fire-place last thing at night with KEATING'S POWDKR, the unrivalled Killer of Fleas, Beetles, Moths; also Nits in Children's Heads. Harm- less to animals. Sold only in Tins, 3d., 6d., and Is. Filled Tin Bellows ready for use, 9d. The Duke of Montrose, who has been abroad for some time on a shooting trip, is back again in London. Not only has he had very good sport, but has visited a great many interesting places in Egypt as well. Some secondhand boot and shoe dealers are employing well-dressed, plausible women to can- vass the suburbs of London for discarded boots and shoes, which they profess to be collecting for charitable purposes. The articles are re- paired, and sold to needy customers.
TIBET MISSION. I FIERCE FIGHT BETWEEN BRITISH TROOPS AND THE FORCES OF THE LAMA.—A GRIM TRAGEDY. The whole history of war shows no parallel to the extraordinary action fought between the British forces accompanying the Tibetan mission and the natives on the 31st ult. The Tibetan position extended1 for about a mile from the road, under which the springs issue. Up the steep ridge the road was barred by a wall ending in a blockhouse. Walls were built on every fairly level spot on the ridge. When Colonel Younghusband asked Brigadier- General Macdonald to get the Tibetans out of their position (says a detailed account of the affair), if possible, without firing, our force was deployed, and moved slowly up the ridge. The Tibetans manning the topmost wall, numbering about 200, surrendered without resistance, and allowed themselves to be disarmed. The remainder, however, obstinately held their places till our troops were within a few feet. They then sullenly retired towards the blockhouse, where the Lhassa General and other Tibetan officials were collected. Within a short time there was gathered, between the blockhouse and the ridge, a great mob of Tibetan soldiery. Estimates as to their number differ, but the place they occupied would have held a battalion in quarter column, and the Tibetans were shoulder to shoulder. The driving operation was carried out with the most admirable exactitude, the troops show- ing great self-restraint in not firing, although not knowing when the Tibetans might attack them. When the Tibetans were all gathered together, Brigadier-General Macdonald, Colonel Young- husband, their staffs, the Press correspondents, and others, rode up to look at them. At this time the Tibetan rear was perfectly open, and they could have marched away if they had wished. The mob, nevertheless, stood together round the Lhassa General in a discontented frame of mind, and muttering angry theats. Their attitude was sufficiently hostile to induce Brigadier-General Macdonald to order up two more companies of Pioneers with fixed bayonets. Presently there was a. thin ring of Sikhs round the Tibetans, but no one dreamt of the terrible event which was impending. The officers got off their horses. Some sat down to eat sandwiches, and others brought out cameras. Suddenly a. scuffle began in the north- eastern corner of the ring. The Tibetans shook their fists in the faces of the Sikhs, and com- menced throwing stones. The Lhassa General himself fired the first shot, blowing away a Sikh's jaw. A great tumult instantly arose. The Tibetans uttered a wild shout, drew their swords, and surged forward in all directions, firing their matchlocks. About a dozen swordsmen made a desperate rush in the direction of Brigadier- General Macdonald and the small knot of officers surrounding him. HAND-TO-HAND FIGHTING. I Major Dunlop had two of his fingers slashed off. His assailant was shot down by Lieutenant Bignell. Four Tibetans made for Mr. Ermund Candler, "Daily Mail" correspondent, who was unAmed. He received no fewer than twelve wounds. Brigadier-General Macdonald himself shot down one of Mr. Candler's assailants, at a few yards' distance, and Lieutenant Davys promptly killed two others, thus saving Mr. Candler from death. The other Tibetans, rush- ing forward, were met by revolver fire. Mean- while the Sikhs in front had drawn back a few yards and met the Tibetans, who were trying to climb over the wall, with a terrible magazine fire. Four or five of the enemy actually climbed over the wall and died like heroes. One old man, armed with only a matchlock, sprang over the heaps of dead, and, deliberately kneeling down well in advance of the others, fired into the Sikhs. He was riddled with bullets. The Tibetans were so huddled together that they were unable either to use their swords or to fire. Many of them probably killed each other in their mad excite- ment. Finally the mob surged to the rear, break- ing through the ring of Sikhs. A scene then followed, more impressive and awful than the fight in the cockpit. The Tibe- tans, though their retreat was still open,. dis- dained to scatter and run. They tramped away slowly, steadily, sullen and solemn, followed by a perfect hail of bullets. The mountain battery came into action and tore their line with shrap- nel. A terrible trail of dead and dying marked their line of march. Finally the last wounded Tibetan limped round the corner, about four hun- dred yards away. The grim tragedy was over. The whole affair did not last ten minutes, but in that short space of time the flower of the Tibe- tan army perished. The Tibetan general arc? the whole of his personal escort, as well as fi 9 high Lhassa officials, were killed. The smaL British losses are accounted for by the fact that the Tibetan swordmen in the front rank could not reach the Sikhs, who had fixed bayonets, while the men in the middle of the mob were unable to use any weapons but they all died game. All those who witnessed the scene will carry for ever the memory of the grim, deter- mined faces, lighted with devildom and savagery. The Lhasssa general himself undoubtedly pro- voked the fight, for in his interview with Colonel Younghusband his attitude was that of a man determined to either die or turn the Mission back. Part of the fearlessness shown by the Tibetans was undoubtedly due to want of knowledge of the eff ect of modern firearms, as well as contempt for the smallness of our force. The Tibetan soldiers outnumbered the wing of Sikhs by six or seven to one. The impassive stolidity of the Sikhs, of t-liq 23rd and 32nd Pioneers, deserves a word of ad- miration. Had they given before the rush of swordsmen, or had Brigadier-General Macdonald and the small knot of officers shown less personal courage, a disaster one does not care to dwell upon might have taken place. Colonel Younghusband and his staff were among the onlookers near the Tibetan soldiers, and were wholly unarmed. The total of British casualties in hospital as a result of the encounter is reported as twelve, but besides these, two or three officers and a number of men receivesd bruises from the blunt edge of the Tibetan swords. Mr. Candler and Major Dunlop are doing well. The former has fourteen. wounds, seme of which are severe although none dangerous. Immediately after our wounded had been atten- ded to, several medical officers with attendants went out among the wounded Tibetans scattered over the battlefield, binding up injured limbs, administering water, and applying field dressings to wounds. Our troops provided dressing splints hastily improvised from the muskets and scab- bards abandoned by the enemy. The Tibetan prisoners were employed in placing the wounded I under shelter. The next day letters were sent out from Thuma, and a large number of wounded were brought into a house in the village, where Captain Baird and Lieutenant Day attended to them. THE MISSION PROCEEDING. I The fighting will not alter the political aspec* of the Mission, which pushed on to Gvangtse, as arra.nged. Since the fight Colonel Younghus- band has received no communication from either the Chinese or Tibetan officials. The Tibetan general killed belonged to one of the most influen- tial families of Lhassa. Among the dead who have been identified was found the body of a most truculent. Lhassa lama, who is well known to the political officers of the Mission. All the Tibetan prisoners have now been re- leased. The Mission with the flying column ar- rived at Guru on Monday afternoon. Colonel Younghusband was visited by a Chinese General from Lhassa, who said he had been sent by the I Amban. He made the usual request that the Mission should withdraw. TIBETANS SWIFTLY RETIRE. The Secretary of State for India has received the following telegram from the Viceroy, dated ) April 5: Reconnaissance, April 2 last,, ascertained 2,000 more Tibetans were blocking Gyangtse road at Hram, but retired' to Kolatso, hearing Guru defeat. It is believed that' Tibetans have retired Gyangtse. All wounded cuiing well. Ac- cording to the "Times" correspondent at Guru, the force mentioned above covered a distance of nearly twenty-five miles over the rough moun- tain road before night. It, is not anticipated that there will be any further opposition before Gyangtse is reached.
[ MR. CHAMBERLAIN AGAIN. I GLASS TRADE AND DUMPING. I Mr. Chamberlain has drawn attention to the decay of the glass-making industry. Local in- vestigation at Sunderland shows that where the famous Hartley's Glass Works used to stand, the area is given over to streets of workmen's dwellings. The works have disappeared. But the Glass industry, in spite of foreign competi- tion, is by no means extinct. There are other works which have successfully struggled against the foreigner. A conversation with Mr. Wm. Johnston, a pressed-glass worker, living in the neighbourhood, at 18, Saint Mark-street, Sun- derland, elicited that in spite of Mr. Chamber- lain's figures the works where he is employed were working full time. I "It almost seems,' 'he said, "as if the at- tention drawn to the glass industry had brought about this revival. 0 "If this had happened a year ago," he went on, "I could not have shared in this prosperity —I was so ill. Eighteen months ago I was at- tacked with indigestion. Our work is trying, and I became so ill that I had to lie off work I altogether. I suffered terribly from constipa- tion, and I felt as though a tight iron band was continually pressing and squeezing me. I could not eat. Food gave me only nausea, and I got little sleep. I was worn to a skeleton—was only a shadow of my former self. not eat. Food gave me only nausea, and I got little sleep. I was worn to a skeleton-was only a shadow of my former self. "I was," he added, "quite in despair, when I read an article on a remarkably cure by Dr. I Williams' pink pills for pale people. That was nearly four months ago. I began to take the pills and felt a change for the better before I had got through the first box. To my delight I could eat without vomiting afterwards, and as I continued with the pills I became strong and hearty, and returned to work in time to share in the rush of employment. "I kept on with the pills for nearly three months. They have made a new man of me. They have given me fresh life altogether."
WOMEN JWORN OUT BY WORRY; j DR. WILLIAMS' PINK PILLS A TONIC. I Ladies who feel worried and run down should j read how Mrs. Laura Harmer, of 28, Pyrmont- road, Chiswick, London, recovered, her health and spirits by taking Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People. Interviewed at her home by a representative of the "Weekly Dispatch, Mrs. Harmer said — "I have to thank Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People for my health. My husband was in the police force for close upon twelve years, but Mrs. Harmer. (From a photo by J. Hubert, Chiswick.) unfortunately he was not strong enough to stand night duty. He had to retire, and for nearly two years he has been an invalid. I have been his chief nurse. I have had a lot of worry, and I suppose that told upon me. I used to suffer dreadfully from headaches. I have had them for weeks together. "There always seemed a nasty gnawing pin at the back of my head, and sometimes at the front, and, try my hardest, I couldn't get rid' of it. My lips were white, just as if every drop of blood had gone away from them, and if I attempted to walk up or down-stairs I very soon felt tired. At last I grew so weak that I found it was more than I could do to walk upstairs at all." "It made my heart ache to look at her," said her husband. "She seemed such an altered woman. Everything was a trouble." Mrs. Harmer continued her story:—"I had heard a lot about Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People, and so I determined to try them. By the time I got to the end of my first box my appetite had returned, my headaches had dis- appeared, and I was brighter. I went on with my second box, and when I had finished it my husband was quite surprised to see the difference in me. I could get upstairs without stopping or resting I could do my work better; I could sleep better, and I began to feel quite strong a^ain. When I had finished my third box I was better than I had felt for years, and had com- pletely recovered." A medicine which improves the appetite, feeds the nerves, helps the digestion, renews the blood supply, is a Tonic in every sense. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People are the finest tonic l»-er discovered. They are free from the objec- ffons to tonics of the old-fashioned kind, like iron and quinine, which cause constipation and head- ache. They make new blood, and thus have cured Aneemia, Consumption, Bile, Fits, Rheu- matism, Sciatica, St. Vitus' Dance, Paralysis. and Locomotor Ataxy. They are especially good for ladies. Dr. Williams' Medicine Company, Holborn-viaduct, London, send a box post free for 2s 9d., or six for 13s. 9d. But they can be had at all medicine shops, and will. be genuine if bearing the full name on pink wrapper-Dr. Willisnsf Pink Pills for Pale People. Pink pills offeree "TtTT a substitute, without Dr. William«' name, are useless.
MORAL STORIES.—I. THE SHOPKEEPER WHO SHOULDN'T. A woman went into a shop to ask for Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People to cure her Rheumatism. "Madam," said the Shopkeeper, "I should like to Sell you something of my Own, which is Just as Good, and Cheaper." The Woman answered him Straight Back. She said "I have heard of you. If you wish to sell me something that is not what I asked1 for, it is because you can Make more Money by it. You are not here for your Health, but I Am. None of your Substitutes for Me." "Very well, Madam," said the Shopkeeper, and what else do you desire?" "Nothing," said the Woman. "I will get l my Goods at the Other Shop, where they dOl'l't trv to Cheat me." MORAL. The Shopkeeper shouldn't try to selt Sub- stitutes. It does not pay in the End. And tfee r public shouldn't buy Substitutes. It doesn't pay in the Beginning nor in the End.
A striking instance of the good use made of the experience gained at many of our hospitals occurs in the current number of the "Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology," the occasion be- ing a case of adenomyoma, or special form of tumour, at the Chelsea Hospital for Women, the description of which forms the first account in British medical literature of this interesting growth. Fires due to defective building construction are reported by Chief Officer Paterson, of the Glasgow Fire Brigade, who states that during last month thirty-eight fires in the city were due to causes coming under that head, and that in three cases the outbreaks occurred in pro- perties that have been erected since the passing of the Building Regulations Act, 1892. The rats which have for months past been infesting Braintree and other inland parts of Essex, are migrating towards the sea for the summer, and places like Frinton-on-Sea are be- ginning to feel the effects of the invasion. A baby's mail-cart is the latest thing to fall before their ravenous appetite. The house of Signor Luigi Ca.rbandi, of Sienna, has been burgled for the thirty-fourth time in ten years. Signor Carbandi has now posted this notice on his door:—"I have bought two dogs, three guns, and a water boiler with liose attached. Burglars are welcome."
PRINCESS VICTORIA AT DARTMOUTH. FIRE ON BOARD THE BRITANNIA. Princess Victoria arrived at Dartmouth on Saturday morning in the Royal yacht Osborne. The yacht almost went aground near Kingswear Lighthouse on entering the harbour, owing to the strength of the wind and tide. Two local tugs went to her assistance, but they were not required, as she did not touch the shore, but just escaped Kittery Point Ledge, which runs out some distance. On landing, the Princess was presented with a basket of flowers by the Chair- man of the Dartmouth Harbour Commissioners. Princess Victoria attended service on Sunday morning at the old parish church of St. Saviour, Dartmouth, the preacher being the Rev. F. R. B. Simpson, curate. Subsequently she visited Captain and Mrs. Cross, of the Britannia, on board of which the Prince of Wales received his naval training. On Good Friday night fire broke out in the captain's quarters of the Britannia, and was not extinguished until considerable damage had been done both by fire and water, the damage extend- ing to the officers' ward-room and billiard-room on the deck below.
SERIOUS MOTOR ACCIDENT. A serious motor car accident occurred in Harrow on Sunday morning. Mr. Lambert Hall, of Kensington-gardens, with his chauffeur and a party of six, was proceeding in a motor car down Harrow-hill, when at the foot, owing to the failure of the brakes, the car was overturned. The occupants were thrown out and badly injured, the chauffeur being cut about the head. Mr. Hall, his sister, and a child were much bruised, while the injuries to Mrs. Hall, her brother, and another child were so serious as to .cause their removal to the local hospital, where their detention will be imperative for some days. The hill has a gradient of one in eight, and has been the cause of many cyclists coming to grief. The warning-board placed at the top fails to keep reckless cyclists from "coasting" down. Five years ago at the foot of this hill, where there is a peculiar curve, a motor accident happened in which the chauffeur was killed and the other occupants of the car severely hurt, one of whom died within forty-eight hours.
PRINCES LOOKED OUT. Prince Edward and Prince Albert, the two bonnie little sons of the Prince and Princess of Wales, found themselves locked out of Windsor Castle on Easter Monday. They went for a ride on their dapper little ponies in the morning, and, after cantering in Windsor Great Park, went into Park-street to see the holiday-makers. They then returned to the Long Walk, and attempted to enter the Castle grounds. by the gateway near the Sovereign's entrance. They had a bunch of keys, and 'every key was tried, but none would fit the lock. The dilemma seemed greatly to amuse the little Princes, the future King of England smiling frequently at being locked out of the home of the Sovereigns of England. The obstinate lock could not be turned, and, after staying for some time before the great gateway, the Princes trotted off, laughing heartily at the incident. The Royal boys then went to Frogmore by way of the entrance further down the Long Walk. The. little Princes have a winning manner, and the scene of their waiting in vain outside the Castle gates would have made an excellent subject for a painter.
GALLANT RESCUE BY A WOMAN. A story of great bravery on the part of a woman in a fatal fire at a Croydon lodging-house was told at the inquest on Monday on Mrs. Mar- garet Hamilton, an old lady, living in the house. Directly the outbreak of fire was noticed, Mrs. Early, another inmate, rushed upstairs and carried the old lady down through the burning staircase and passage. Mrs. Early was burnt on the face, hand, and back, and was too ill to attend the inquest. Mrs. Hamilton, who received only one slight injury, died from shock soon after her rescue. i
THE ROYAL LITERARY FUND. The Royal Literary Fund, which is not so prosperous as Viscount Goschen would like to see it, is an institution which has gradually grown from small things to great. An old pamphlet describes how it had its origin in a club that used to meet in the Prince of Wales's Coffee House, Conduit-street. We there read: "During the summer recess of the year 1788 an event took place which tarnished the charac- ter of English opulence and humanity, and afflicted the votaries of knowledge. Floyer Sydenham, the well-known translator of Plato, one of the most useful, if not the most com- petent Greek scholars of his age, a man revered for his knowledge, and beloved for the candour of his temper and the gentleness of his manner, died in consequence of having been arrested and detained for a debt to a victualler who, for a time, furnished his frugal dinner." Hearing of this sad .case the club organised the fund, which held its first meeting for the election of officers on May 18, 1790. The donations of those days were naturally small. We hear of a gift of five guineas to "a widow with a family of four young children unprovided for," and the largest of all the gifts was only twenty guineas awarded to a Doctor of Laws.
KLEPTOMANIACS. I "Magasinitis," or as it will be better recog- nised under its old name, kleptomania, has it it stated made its reappearance in France. Dr. Dubuisson, who has coined this new appellation, has been making investigations, as a result of which he is convinced that women as delinquents are in an enormous majority; and, second, that the offence itself is consequent upon a curious condition of the mind. It is stated that more than 80 per cent. of kleptomaniacs are of the female sex. In nine cases out of ten the offen- ders have been proved to be quite well to do, and not infrequently wealthy. It would have been easy for them to have purchased and paid for the things stolen. Which presents another problem. Why should those who are rich stoop to robbery? The goods purloined are generally found uninjured, undisposed of, and often ac- tually unused. The doctor thinks the cause of \leptomania arises less from the individual's morbidity of temperament than from the allur- ing array of every description of dainty and I fashionable attire abundantly displayed on the many counters of all mammoth shops.
An American statistician estimates that Mme. Patti, during the course of her artistic career, has sung 25,000 hours.. Tho Board of Trade is being urged to use its j influence in bringing about unanimity among the j railway companies in favour of a, uniform system of railway by-laws. At present each company frames its own by-laws, subject to approval bv the Board of Trade.
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THE SECRET OF APPENDICITIS. The blame for this new and dangerous disease is cast by Dr. T. W. Lauterborn, a New Jersey physician, on the trolly-car. The mischief, how- ever, does not arise from any effect of electricity, but from the breakdown of the walking habit due to modern facilities of transit. Walking keeps the abdominal and intestinal musclfes con- tinually active, and consequently in good work- ing order. The use of trolly-cars and other car- riages deprives the muscular walls of the jolting which serves as a necessary tonic. Dr. Lauter- born supports his theory by pointing out that appendicitis is most rife in large cities and their suburbs, where these conditions are especially operative.
THE GARDENS OF TOKIO- Searching for a Japanese house one makes in- quiries, naturally, for a garden. A Japanese nursery garden (says Mr. R. Farrer, writing in "Macmillan's Magazine") is a revelation. There on benches, in rows, sit tortured trees in their bowls or pans of facience. Their perfection is a marvel of patience requiring years for its accom- plishment sometimes one man will give as much as thirty years' attention to a ,single little cherry tree. Each curve, each leaf, each twig has its direction and proportion regulated by the most .es. rigid and immemorial principles. -=:è.
Admiral Dewey refused to go ashore at Santo Domingo when his fleet arrived there recently, because the American Minister is a npgro, and had he landed he and his officers would have had to dine with him. An American preacher has had a tricycle built with a miniature pulpit at the back of it, from which he addresses a crowd of following cyclists. His own machine is propelled by two men in front. The marriage arranged between Major A. W. McDonald, D.S.O., and Marion Elizabeth, daughter of James Calder. of Ardargie, and widow of J. C. Berry, I.C.S., C.I.E., wiU take place at St. James's, Spanish-place, on Thursday, the 14th of April, at. eleven o'clock.
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'U.2! _£.f!DIII Paul Lagille, an ex-soldier, recently undertook in a Parisian caf4 to drink 20 glasses' of absinthe for a, wager. After drinking the thirteenth glass he fell dead. A burglar broke into the official residence of M. Iswolsky, the Russian Minister at Copenhagen, and stole valuable objets d'art in silver and bronze. A new use for radium is reported. Somebody has tasted arsmall fraction of a grain of the sub- stance, and has found it to act as a powerful stimulant, affecting both the heart and the kidneys. Several hours elapsed before the pulse became again normal. It affected the mind also, producing powerful hallucinations. A naval man who died in New York desired that his body should be cremated and buried at sea. After the remains had been cremated, the, urn containing the ashes was taken out to sea on board a steamer by the widow, and, after being uncovered, was lowered into seven fathoms of water. Mr. J. A. Cambell, of Glasgow, has been z;1 selected as architect for the Victoria Memorial School for the Sons of Scottish Soldiers and Sailors, to be erected in Edinburgh. The funds now amount to £ 30,000.
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