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I GARDEN GOSSIP. f Remember (says "The Gardener") in stoking fires that it is not always the greatest body of fuel that gives the most heat. A small bright fire in a clean boiler will give far more heat than one that is badly tended, even when double the amount of coke or coal is used. In working land never bring the poor subsoil to the surface. Stir it well and improve its quality, but only allow it to come to the top a little at a time. It is much better to use Galanthes in a cut state than to allow the plants to be used in draughty rooms and corridors. When checked, as they frequently are in this manner, the plants seldom do well in the succeeding season. Do not be afraid to prune recently planted fruit trees it is not necessary to do this at once, but the work should be done before growth com- mences in spring. Endive blanched in the position where grown is always of superior quality to that lifted and ¡ treated in warm sheds or Mushroom houses. When digging masure into land, always en- deavour to distribute it evenly through the soil; never bury it in lumps, as is sometimes done. Where a constant supply of French Beans must be maintained by means of pot culture, sowings should now be made every fortnight. z, Oshorn's Forcing is still one of the best sorts for this purpose, though Ne Plus Ultra has much to recommend it. Spring bedding plants, with the exception of Wallflowers, should be planted rather thickly for the sake of effect. Remember that stiff soils in particular are greatly improved by being thrown up roughly in late autumn for the frost and rain of winter to crumble and pulverise them. In foggy weather keep Orchid houses rather dry, with the ventilators closed. That fine incurved Japanese Chrysanthemum Mdme. Debrie is again proving itself one of the best pink varieties we possess. Christmas Roses will soon need shelter if the flowers are to be kept from being soiled by wet. When using anthracite as fuel, do not be too free with the poker keep the firebars and flues clean, and a good draught will do the rest. Coke ought always to be broken when used in small furnaces. Special attention will now be needed in water- ing Indian Azaleas that are standing in cool houses. The plants should not be supplied with stimulants until the flowering season is over. The present is a good season for burning, as far as possible, all weeds and rubbish the ashes thus obtained are valuable for many purposes and should be kept dry. Yucca gloriosa should have a sheltered posi- tion, and looks best planted in the grass of a lawn. Pteris tremula, one of the most useful of ferns for cool houses and room decoration, freely re- produces itself from spores, and may be readily raised by this means. PROPAGATING CHRYSANTHEMUMS. — Obtain cuttings of a stout and short jointed character. The best are. as is well known, the sucker growths from the base. Insert them after pre- paration in small pots singly, or place several round the edge of larger pots. A suitable com- post is loam, leaf soil, and sand in equal parts. Place the pots in a glass covered frame, and wipe off the moisture from inside the glass each morning. LATE CHRYSANTHEMUMS.—A late display of bloom forms a. welcome attraction at this dull period, not only for cutting, but for decoration. Stand the plants thinly, intermixing with ferns and foliage plants. Gentle fire heat will be beneficial. CINEEARIAS.—Give the plants ample room, and accord unobstructed light above them, standing the pots on a moist base. For the destruction of insects vaporise occasionally with nicotine. Maintain the soil just moist. Small plants with pots full of roots may receive a shift, affording them a rich, light compost. BULBS IN POTS.—Encourage the growth of Roman Hyacinths and Polyanthus Narcissi in a temperature of 50 degs. Early Tulips may have a temperature of 55 degs. Cover the soil with moss. Pots of bulbs removed from ashes must be inured to full light gradually. Keep Freesias near the glass. Any plants showing flower buds may receive the gentle stimulus of increased temperature. CAMELLIAS AND AZALEAS.—The leaves and wood should be cleaned of dirt and insects pre- paratory to the flowers expanding. With the exception of some of the early varieties of Azaleas, such as Deutsche Perle, the plants must be kept as cool as practicable. PLANTING TREES AND SHRUBS.—All deciduous trees and the majority of the freest growing ever- green shrubs should be planted now during favourable periods. Hedges also of Privet, Thorn, Holly, Yew, and Rosa rugosa may be planted. PLANTS FOR FORCING.—Deutzias, Prunus, Lilac, Ghent, and Mollis Azaleas, and Tea Roses should receive the protection of a frame without heat, so as to prepare them for placing in a forc- ing temperature. RHUBARB.—Clumps of Rhubarb roots should be lifted. Trim them to a portable size and transfer to a warm structure of about 60 degs. If the place is moist as well as warm the roots need not be surrounded with soil, but in the case of a dry heat they will be better for such assistance in retaining moisture about them. The crowns under the influence of heat and moisture will push growth in a few weeks. SEAKALE.-Strong, prepared roots of Seakale may be forced into growth in a dark, warm structure. It is necessary to surround the roots with soil, either in a bed or in pots or boxes. Keep the soil moist. Introduce successive batches of roots every few weeks. A tempera- ture of 55 degs. to 60 degs. is best. HORSERADISH.—If plenty of good roots are available a number should be dug up, and laid in soil or ashes for convenience during bad weather. At the same time reserve some of the weaker crowns for planting. PARSNIPS.—These roots are usually best left in the ground for the present, taking them up as required, but when the ground is hard with frost this is not easy. Therefore lift a few and bury them under a wall in ashes or soil. JERUSALEM ARTICHOKES.—The lifting and storing of these is not necessary except to have a few roots in reserve for immediate use. Bury in soil or ashes. The white skinned variety should be crown in addition to the pink or in place of it if liked better. SEED POTATOES.—Select these from the general store of varieties and lay in shallow boxes, which place on a*cool, light shelf. The tubers must be well selected, choosing the best shaped, of medium size, and free from disease.

I our, SRORTSTOlty.


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