a J. E. Woolley's 04*) First Great Sur Sale of Motor Cycles, Pei Cycles, Mail Carts, 1ft tads, and Sundries,. COMMENCED ON SATURDAY, JULY 25. Will last for a short time only. ALL PRICES GREATLY REDUCED TO CLEAR. to
The Stinly of Modern Languages. 6 15 Some attention has been given to the remarks of M. Chevalley, a distinguished writer and Professor of English, on the subject of the study of fjreigu languages.—M. Chevalley wai; speaking at the Sorbonne, the seat of the Academieof Paris, and he took the opportunity of urging upon young Frenchmen the importance of a knowledge of foreign languages. We read a good deal on this subject just now, but, while everybody must recognise its importance, it is desirable to point out that little will be gained by the atudy of modern languages unless the people who learn them are perfectly clear as to what use they are going to make of the knowledge. It is well that an Englishman or Frenchman with private means, who does not intend to work for his living, should learn modern languages. They are an accomplish- ment, and if he aspires to Parliament, they will enable him TO COLLBCT INFORMATION I on a variety of subjects, which will make him more useful to his country than he would otherwiso have been. Further, it is difficult to see how a man- say the Lord Mayor of London—who has to receive foreign guests, can discharge his duties, in anything like a satisfactory manner, unless he is familiar with French and German. Other people who ought to learn foreign languages are clerks in commercial houses, and travellers for commercial firme, and no doubt these were the men that M. Chevalley had mainly in mind. That these men, or some of them, should learn foreign language* is in the highest degree important. British Consul* have male it as clear as day that our export trade is being very seriously damaged by the deficiencies in this respect of our manufacturing firms. As if it were quire the ordinary thing, circulars and pamphlets in the English language are sent to people who know nothing of English, and with them quotations based upon a PyRAern of weights and measures which are so much Greek to the recipients. This is the idea of British firms as to the best means of pushing trade abroad. The German, on the other hand, sends a quotation in the weights and measures of the country to which be is writing, and he does that which few British exporters think of doing, he sends a traveller who can talk to the people IN THEIlt OWN LANGUAGE. These facts are sufficient in themselves to accoun for German successes in trade, and it would be little short of madness for other nations to ignore them. While one recognises the vital importance of this question to British trade, at the same time there are, as we have already suggested, Sllme limitations to the expediency of learning modern languages. When a youth or his parents are p asking themselves what the boy should be taught they are bound to ask what knowledge will be of use to him in his daily life. One regrets to have to say it, but the vast majority have to narrow the question still further, and ask What knowledge will he be able to turn into money P Learning for learning's sake is a very protty thing theoretically. but it won't do for the m"n who lias to earn his living in the face of fierce competition. He cannot feed his children with accomplishments, or pay the rent with the knowledge of foreign literature, which it has been to him a pleasure to acquire. It may be that to the young man who is preparing for the struggle of life, French and German are of the utmost value, it may be that they would be almost useless. One cannot, therefore, offer any general advice on the subject, each must judge for himself, or let his parents judge for him, and happy he who finds that the best possible selection has been made.
I GENERAL. I STABBING AT NEW TREDEGAR. At Tredegar Police-court on Tuesday, William Chester, 37, collier, Abertyaswg, was placed in the dock on a charge of cutting and wounding WiUiifm Edward Evans and Richard Jones at New Tredegar on August 1st. William Edward Evans said that on Saturday night he askod prisoner to pay him a couple of shillings he owed him. Prosecutor then received a blow from the prisoner behind the ear. He staggered back and cried out that he had beelt stabbed. Prisoner was in the act of dealing the second blow when he was seized by Richard Jones, struck down, and disarmed. Richard Jones, collier, New Tredegar, said he was standing on the roadway, and saw Evans put his hand on the prisoner's shoulder and ask him for the money he owed him. Evaus then staggered back and cried out, I am stabbed Prisoner then had his arm up-lifted, with a knife in his hand, in the posture of striking a second blow, but he Pushed at him, threw him on the ground, and took the knife from him. He (Jones) received two severe cuts in his hand in the struggle. P.S. Humphreys apprehended the prisoner, and received a blood-stained clasp knife, which was identified as the prisoner's. The prisoner elected to give evidence, and said he had no recollection whatever of striking any blows or using the knife. He was fiued £10, or two months' hard labour.
The Progress of Mexico. I I Wellington is said to have acknowledged that I the presence of Napoleon with an army was equivalent to an addition of 40,000 men to that army's strength. That was a very marked tribute I to the genius and influence of one man, but it is scarcely too much to say that the presence of Porfirio Diaz, in Mexico, has been worth more to that State than a million ordinary men. Some London merchants manifested a few days ago their appreciation of the ability of Senor Limantonr, the Mexican Minister of Finance, by entertaining him at dinner in the characteristically British way. Senor Limantour is, no doubt, a very capable minister, and has taken a leading part in the regeneration of Mexico, but without the force of character and ADMINISTRATIVE ABILITY I of President Diaz. it is more than proba'ble that Mexico would be where she was twenty six years ago—on a level with those turbulent and semi- civilised South American States, where auy able or cunning man who thinks that his rewards are not equal to his deserts heads a revolution, and, having murdered his predecessor-if he is sufficiently successful—proceeds to make as good a thing as he can out of the supreme position until he is himself cut off by some other man, a little more cunning, and a little more fortunate. Among other outrages, the Mexicans seized 600,000 dollars which had been deposited under seal in the British Legation for the payment of the bondholders; they expelled the Spanish Minister and other Ambassadors, they ROBBBD AND MURDERED EUROPEANS just as they pleased and when A large body of officers surrendered to one of the aspirants for the presidency, he ordered that all, including the surgeons who wore tending the wounded, were to be shot. Maximilian of Austria, brother of the Emperor Francis Joseph, who accepted the crown of Mexico, in 1864, was put to death. Diaz, having attained to the position of president, very much in what was then the recognised wav, proved himself strong enough to suppress rebellion, to keep down disorder, and enforce law. He set the finances of the country in order, developed the railways, and home manufactures, introduced new industries, and fostered education. In 1893, the income and expenditure balanced for the first time during many years, and since then there has been each year a substantial surplus. The revolutions which in former years placed the country in continual turmoil are now at an end, and ONE OF THE MOST TURBULENT of Spanish American States has become the most orderly. Not only has this wonderful man been successful in administering the affnirs of the country, but he has had the unusual experience of evoking the gratitude of the people. Since 1880 he has been re-elected regularly to the presidency, and there has been very little opposition to his rule. It is illustrative of the affection with which he is regarded, and perhaps also of the natural spirit which he has testrained, that a man who made a foolish attempt to assassinate the President in 1879, was seized and lynched.
F| TOUJETC\ can neither make or buy a drink SO healtbful. so thirst quenching, Jal 80 convenient, and so inexpensive. 1 j\xumsx.4 ￼ ￼ ￼ ￼ ￼ ￼
I Bulgarian Affairs. The Bulgarian insurgents in Macedonia have blown up the konak of Krushevo, killing 50 Turks. The Turks have burnt the village of Dihovo. It is reported that the Government -will employ Albanian troops against the insurgents. 0 0
MERRYWEATHER ON WATER SUPPLY and FIRE PROTECTION of COUNTRY MANSIONS. EXPERTS SENT TO ALL PARTS TO Report on EXISTING Arrangements. WRITE FOR PAMPHLETS: MERRYWEATHER & SONS, 63, LONG ACRE, LONDON, W.C.
The Naval Manoeuvres. I The red torpedo fleet made a. determined attempt to enter Queenstown Harbour at 2 o'clock this morning. They were discovered. fired on, and they retired. Nine torpedo boats joined in the- attack on Queenstown Harbour. The defenders claim that all were, put out of action.
I Train on Fire. I I A special train conveying Lord' Falmouth's household caught fir& near Bristol to-day, three horses illi horse-box were burned to death. and the groom was badly burned.
I Yacht Races at Cowes. Namara, Bona, and Cicely started for squadron prizes, Bona. is leading. 0
I Stocks. Stocks quiet.
I Pone Pius X. The new Pope on Thursday received the- Diplomatic body accredited to the Vatican,, and delivered an address,
DEATH OF MR. PHIL MAT.—Mr. Phil May, the- well-known artist, died on Wednesday afternoon at his residence at Camden Hill after a long illness. PEER AND POLICR.-At Guildford on Saturday- the Earl of Ilchester was fined X3 for exceeding twelve miles an hour limit for motor-cars, and j63. for trying to get away from the police.-Defendant. who said he cautioned his driver to go slowly because of the police traps in the neighbourhood contended that he was not travelling more tha^ six miles an hour. He gave his name to the police. but r3fused the chauffeur's because he thought the- ownerjshould take the responsibility.
I SPEAKING WITHOUT A TOXOTTR. As a proof of the fact that ample power of speech can be retained after complete as well as after- partial removal of the tongue, Mr. W. H. A. Jacobson, writing in the Practitioner, cites one of his own cases. A former army surgeon had his; entire tongue removed. With his artificial teeth in place the patient, some few months after the7 operation, was able to speak so distinctly as to give a most interesting account of one of the most. striking episodes of the Indian Mutiny. He had been one of the surgeons in the force with which- Sir Colin Campbell relieved the garrison of Luck- now. While nearing that place, the English met and surrounded two Sepoy regiments who were- known to have murdered their officers. As the artillery ammunition was too valuable to be. wasted, and as hanging would have taken up too' much time, the court-martial assembled decided1 upon putting the mutineers to death in the follow- ing way. They were collected in groups of four two facing in one direction and two in the other,, aad then a Minie bullet was fired through the four bodies. It would be impossible to have a more' convincing and indubitable proof of the ability to talk without a tongue. Printed ftn,i Published bT TFIE COUNTY OBSEHVEK," NEWSPAPER and PRINTING COMPANY, Limited, by JAMES HENItY CLARK, at their Offices, Bridge* Street. LTsk, in the County of Monmouth. Saturday' Augu, t 8th, 1903.
CURRENT TOPICS. I KING PETER. I If we are to believe news from Belgrade, it appears that King Peter is not finding his throne a b,d of roses. That is a thing -whii-h might have been expected, seeing that all those who assisted in the assassina- tion of tae late King and Queen would look for rewards, and if their rewards were not equal to what they considered their merits there would be a likelihood of trouble. In any case, the history of Servia ¡ goes to show that if King Peter does not 1 abdicate he will stand a very good chance of sharing, sooner or later, the fate of his predecessor, and it is difficult to understand why any man who can keep himself from starving in a private capacity should cling to such a throne. ç TBOS NEW RIFLE. There seems likely to be a good deal of discussion with regard to the new rifle, and indeed some critics have hastened to condemn it before it is issued to the troops. One objection is that it is terribly ugly, which does not count for much, because war is altogether an ugly thing, and although we nave heard of the beautiful white weapon," still the majority of people would -say that if a rifle is ugly it is in character with its uses. It is also pointed out that the new rifle is five inches shorter than its predecessor, and it is suggested that in a bayonet fight our infantry would be sorely handicapped by the shortness of tueir weapon. This criticism reminds us of the advice of the Spartan leader, who, when his raen comi lained that their swords were too short, is-sfiid to have replied: "Add a stell to them." That is a pretty story, but as -to wheeh-r it can be applied to modern bayonet exercise is another question. In any event the length of the rifle is rather a matter for experts If when the new weapon is used it is found to be faulty we shall very soon hear of it; and, meanwhile, all that can be said is that if there is a jfrima jacie case for believing that it may prove ineffective, it would be wise to confine the first issue to purposes of extended experiment. SUCCESS OF THE ALDERSHOT FIRE BRIGADE. •Recently the Aldershot Fire Brigade went over to Havre and drilled with their Merry- weather steam fire engine before the President-of the French Republic. Twelve brigades,competed, and Aldershot were suc- cessful in winning the first prize and a gold medal for their smartness. This brigade was one ef the tirst to use the Pompier ladder in this country, and some of their men take part in the highly popular drill at Earl's Court Fire Exhibition. STATUE OF CHARLES I. AT CHARIV-G CROSS. The bronze equestrian statue of Charles I., at Chafing Cross, which is to be removed from its present position on account of the Mall improvement, was described by Pro- fessor Middleton as one of the best public monuments in London. It has an eventful history. The work of a French seulptor, Hubert (Le 8ceur, who died in 1670, it was erected during the lifetime of the moaarch whom it -represents, but during the pro- tectorate.of Cromwell was thrown down and hidden. It is said to have been sold to a Eolborn ibrazier on the understanding that it should he broken up, but instead of destroying the statue he buried it, and tradition say-s that he derived a large revenue from the sale of articles which were represented to the public as having been made from the metal. That may be a libel upon the memory of the brazier, but in any event the statue was recovered at the Restoration in 1660, and replaced. « LEO XIII. The history of the Pontificale of Leo XIII., which has been undertaken by Count Soderiui, will be read with great interest throughout Europe, and all the more so if it is published within a short period of the late Pope's death. The reigu of Leo XIII. was comparatively uneventful, but, like his predecessor, he held very pro- nounced views with respect to the occupa- tion of Rome by forces of the King. and from this point of view the work of Count Soderini will be extremely interesting, not only to members of the Roman Church, but to all who concern themselves in the politics of Europe. Much may also be said with regard to the relations of the deceased Pontiff with the great powers and Spain. MR. BKICE S ADVICE TO BOYS. The advice of Mr Bryce to the boys of Dulwich College may be summarised in the words of the old maxim, that what is worth doing is worth doing well." That is I a useful counsel to the individual, but Mr 13ryce showed that it had also an important; bearing upon the great question of the future t, of British Commerce. He is dis- posed to think that our young men when they go into their professions or businesses, do not put as much of the best of their work as do the young men of Germany and the United States. It is very certain that in these days of extreme competition, the individual who comes within the range of Mr Bryce's comment will not reach the top of his profession, where, in all cases, there is said to be plenty of room, and that, if such a lack of effort is general, we shall be handicapped very seriously in competition with such pushful and enterprising rivals as the people of Germany and the States. One hopes that in this matter Mr Bryce is a pessimist, but in any event his advice is sound. I MORTALITY AMONGST CHURCH: DIGNITARIES. I The past twelve months will bear to posterity a fatal record with respect to the death of prelates. Both the English and Roman churches have lost their earthly heads, and English members of the Roman Church had to deplore the death of Cardinal Yaughan, Archbishop of Westminster since 189- The list includes other English Bishops besides the Primate, and the Free Churches have lost Dr Parker and the Rev I Hugh Price Hughes. Among the Deans who have passed away is Dr Farrar, whom I the Church of England could ill spare. Referring to this subject it is interesting to note that there is still living one of the Bishops who were nominated by Pope Gregory XVI., who died in 1846. One of the last acts of Pope Gregory was to appoint Dr Daniel Murphy Bishop Coadjutor for Madras, and after working in India for twenty years he was translated to Tasmania, where he is still Archbishop. PUBLICATION OF CHARLES DICKENS' LETTERS. The recent sale by auction of letters of Chas. Dickens suggests the question whether it is altogether just to those who have passed from among us that letters, which they never intended for publication, should be sold or printed. Some people may say that it is rather late to raise such a question, since biographies are published every month, probably every week, containing the private letters of deceased persor.s, who in their lifetime attained to a position of eminence. On the other hand it may be suggested that the case of Chas. Dickens is an exceptional one, because Dean Hole tells us in his Memories" that Dickens was so shocked by the use which was made of private letters that he destroyed all that he had received. BETTING FINES. r In some cases the arm of the law is too short, in others the arm is long enough, but it is not put in motion. An example of the former position was afforded by a case heard at Higharate Police Court, where a man was fined 25 on each of six summonses for frequenting the streets for the purpose of betting. It was stated that the defendant had paid more than £ 100 in fines, and £ 5 being the maximum penalty it is evident that he finds it more advantageous to con- tinue his profitable business than to comply with the law. An illustration on the other side is presented from Liverpool, where a meeting was held in furtherance of a move- ment for suppressing bad language in the 0 Z5 0 streets. It ought not to be necessary to hold such a meeting, but, whether or not public opinion is not sufficiently strong on y 13 the subject, the fact unhappily remains that there is a good deal of bad, and even obscene, language in the streets which is not suppressed, and that there is very real need of a movement for preventing half- drunken men and neglected boys from making themselves an intolerable nuisance to decent citizens.
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MR. WHITAKER WRIGHT.—Mr Whitaker Wright arrived in Liverpool from New York on Wednesday morninit, and in the afternoon was brought up at the Guildhall, London, and charged with isSuing a false balance-sheet of the London and Globe Finance Corporation. He was remanded for a week. Bail was allowed in the sum of £ 50,000.
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Holloway Protected. ( IN the recent action, Holloway v Clent, Mr I Justice Swinfen Eady, in the Chancery Division, made perpetual an interim injunction recently granted by him restraining the defendant from iising the name "Holloway" in connection with pills and ointment sold by him. At the first hearing of the case his lordship, in srranting the injunction, remarked that on the facts alleged by the plaintiff, it appeared to be a case of gross fraud At the final hearing on July 29th, his lordship was satisfied of the justice of the plaintiff's case, and therefore granted a perpetual injunction, with costs. Mr Israel Davis appeared for the plaintiff; Mr Jessel for the defendant. The successful party in this suit is, of course, Thomas Hollo way, proprietor of the well-kuown Holloway's Pills and Ointment.
PLBASURE PARTY UPSET AT WESTO*.—On Tuesday afternoon, a party of nineteen persons engaged a boat. in charge of two boatmen, at Weston super- 31,gre and proceeded for a row in the bay. In a short time they asked to be put ashore on "account of the rough state of the tide, and in complying with the request the boat was brought broadside with the waves and the whole party were upset. Fortunately, the water was not very deep, but a scene of great excitement ensued. Aid was promptly rendered from the shore, and, after some difficulty, the whole party were landed, thoroughly drenched. Two girls from Birmingham had narrow escapes, and many others sustained severe shocks and had to be medically attended.
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PONTYPOOL. POLICE COURT, SATURDAY. Before W. L. PRATT, Esq. (in the chair), Alderman D. JONES, E-sq., and E. BOWLER, Esq. SCHOOLBOYS MILKING Cows.-Albert John Cross, Charles Vernal, and Arthur Webb. schoolboys, Pontnewynydd. were summoned at Pontypool for stealing milk, value 2a, the property of Christopher Rogers, Cwmffrwdoer, on the 20th July— Defendants pleaded guilty.—Christopher Rogers, farmer, Gwenallt Farm, Pontnewynydd, said that his attention was called to the three boys in question milking his cows. He saw the boys with tins in theif hands, but they ran too fast for him. The cow was dry when it came in, and heestimated his loss at 2s.-P.C. Shuker said that the lads admitted to him that they hnd stolen the milk.— The lads were each ordered to receive six strokes with the birch.-Webb was not present, and his mother said that he had worn his shoes out by taking part in a walking match. She would bring him to the station to be birched, as it might do him good. ADVERTISEMENT AGENT AND His LANDLORD.— Robert A r-enti, herbalist and advertisement agent, Pontypool, was summoned for threatening Joseph Boucher, landlord of the Wheatsheaf Inn, Pontypool. There was a cross-summons for assault. —Both the defendants were bound over, and ordered to pay their own costs, 7s 6d each. CLAIM FOR WAGES.—Charles Davies and William I Dowding, contractors, Newport, were jointly summoned by John Whelan, labourer, Pontypool, for non-payment of £1, four days' wages.—Whelan I said that the defendants were cotitracto", employed by Messrs. Leadbeter, Newport, and were engaged in making the excavations for the new Congrega- tional Lhapel, at Pontypool. He was employed by them as a labourer, but had not received four days' wa»es—amounting to ;Cl-which were due to him. —Dowding appeared, and on behalf of himself and his partner, admitted that the amount claimed was d le to Whelan. He was not. however, able to pay the money, as Messrs. Leadbeter had not paid the amount which was due to them. Their case against Messrs. Leadbeter would come on in a fortnight's time. An order for the amount claimed was made. APPLICATION FOR A PERJURY SUMMONS.—Westley Caleb Caple, Abersychao, applied to the magistrates for a summons for perjury against Abraham Myers, pawnbroker, Abersychan, and a member of the Abersychan U.D.C.—Mr Cable said that his application was made on the ground that Mr Myers had sworn at that Court that he had served a notice of ejectment up-)ti Mrs Cable, and had read it over and explained it to her word by word, when as a matter of fact she was not in Abersychan at all at the time.—The magistrates advised Mr Ctble to put the information in writing.-Later on Mr Myers applied for an ejectment order against Cable, and witnesses were called who proved serving the necessary notices.— Cable produced the notices and showed that there was no name or address on same.—Mr Bowen (magistrates' clerk), examined the notices, and said that it was evident the name and address had been ripped off one of them.—The required order was granted.
Markets. I NEWPORT CORN, Wednesday.—The market to-dty wa- rather quiet, the only chtnge being in wheat, which was 3d dearer. Fines, 24s. NBWPOBT CATTLE, Wednesday.—There was to-day a good supply, a tair attendance, and the average demand. Quotations :-Best beef ôd to 7d, seconds 6d to 6id; cows, 6d to 6id; best wether mutton, 6d to 7id; lamb, 8d; and veal, 7ld to 7id. 4 NEWPORT CHEESE, Wednesday.-Buiiness was rather quiet at to-day's market, probably due to the I holidays. The supply, however, wns good. Quota- tions:-Caerphillys 38s to 44s, fancy dairies 468 to 50s. doubles 52a to 54s. Derbys 56s, truckles 56s to 65s. "— ■■■
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HEARTS OF OAK BENEFIT SOCIBTY. The adjourned annual assembly of the Hearts of Oak Benefit Society's delegates took plaon in Loudon on Tuesday, when Councillor James Bmmage, of Worcestfr, presided. A proposition to inquire into the expediency of increacing the pay by Is per week to members who are over 60 years of age and who are on the reduced sick list was lost by 91 votes to 51.
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I. Parliamentary. In the House of Lords, on Wednesday, the In the House of Lords, on Wednesday, the London Education Bill was read a third time without discussion and passed. without discussion and passed. In the House of Commons, Mr Ailwyn Fellowes announced that Lord Onslow was taking acrive interest in the subject of agricultural railway rates. and facilities for agricultural transport, and bad had a conference with railway managers. In reply to Mr Lough (R) as to whether the Government would. before Parliament rose, introduce a Bill providing that the new register of voters, available for municipal purposes in November, should also be available for Parliament- ary purposes in case of a general election taking place after the 1st of November this year, Mr Balfour said No, sir. I think the programme of legislation we already have to dispose of is sufficiently heavy. It would be delayed by the measure in which the hon gentleman takes a very great and active interest, and I think he could hardly expect me to add to it on his behalf. (Laughter.) I There were some narrow majorities in the House of Lords on Thursday, when the Irish Land Bill was discussed in Committee, but it appears that not one of the divisions was vital to the Bill. In the House of Commons, in reply to an enquiry by Sir Charles Rusch (U), respecting compensation to licensees, Mr Balfour said :—" The Government propose to take up the subject at the earliest possible moment after the re-assembling of Parliament."
It REMOVING SHEEP.Tamrs Morris, 51, farmer, of Ynvsddu, was summoned «t Tieflegar for removing 33 heep from Brecoiishiro to Llf "inoitthstjire without a declaration on July 2bt. The defendant pleaded pniltv, adding that as the sheep were bis own he tho ight it was UnntCeBRry to get a declaration The Bench pointed "ut that defend nt had rendered himself liable to a flue of L165, or jE5 per sheep. They woul l, however, impose a fine, f 5s per sheep, X8, or, in default, fourteen days' imprisonment in the second division.
American Stockbroker Arrested. I New York, Friday. Mr Joseph Cowan, a well-known New York stockbroker, has been arrested on a charge of misappro- I priating fifty three thousand, n dollars.
Editor and Journalist in the Courts. I The High Court, to-day, granted? a rule against the Editor of Sunday Sun, and Mr Arnold White, in respect of the latter's articles urging that no bail should be- allowed Mr Whitaker Wright, and comparing Mr Wright's case with.: that of the barmaid who stole her employer's money.