IRISH SEA "WAR." BLUES VERSUS REDS. The torpedo craft manoeuvres in the Irish Sea commenced with the declaration of "war" on Sunday midnight, and they will last until Satur- day at noon. The idea of the operations is, roughly, this England is at war with France, and the Irish Sea is the English Channel, with Ireland represent- ing the British coast and England the French. France, the real France, is rich in torpedo- boats, and England is rich in destroyers. So long as the French torpedo-boats are alive and unhurt the British shins in the Channel are. in constant peril. The object, therefore of the British fleet is to sweep the Channel clean of French torpedo craft, so that it will be plain sailing for her cruisers, and the object of the French craft is to creep up in the darkness of the night and sink as many of those cruisers as he can find. As a matter of fact, the English, or Blue fleet, has four cruisers-the Aurora, the Isis, the Cur- lew, and the Landrail-but for manoeuvre pur- poses these four ships represent a large fleet, and if one of them is sunk or captured she is resurrected the following day, and fights again. The scheme of the operations is carefully de- fineu in the rules. "The object of the Red side I will be to torpedo the four- Blue cruisers. As these vessels are supposed to represent part of a larger cruiser force out of reach which can sub- stitute other ships for them if destroyed, the effort is to be made every twenty-four hours, counting from noon to noon, and when success- fully attacked they are only to remain out of action till the noon following. The object of the Blue side will be to render the sea safe for Blue cruisers by putting as many of the Red side out of action as possible in the time at their disposal. On both sides, however, the opera- tions must be considered as an experiment to ascertain the conditions of torpedo craft war- fare as far as is possible in peace manoeuvres, and not .-as a question of defeat or victory for either iae. Call Blue England, and Red France, and then without the smallest reflection upon the entente cordiale a fair idea of the scheme of war will be acquired. The Blue territory represents practically the whole of the east coast of Ireland. Belfast, Kingstown, Waterford and Queenstown are the headquarters of the destroyer flotillas, and each of these is to be considered a defended port. Immediately opposite them are the four French flotillas of torpclo-boats, their headquarters being Loch Ryan (by the Mull of Kintyre:) Holyhead, Milford Haven, and the Scillys. Now if the Red fleet knew where the Blue cruisers were to be their task would be com- paratively simple but they do not. All that they do know is that every night between the hours of ten and two, three of the four cruisers will be within thirty miles of three defended Red ports. One port of the four will presumably be free from menace every night, but which it will be the Frenchmen-that is ourselves-have no means of knowing. We have to sweep the seas every night up to a distance of thirty miles in every direction, in the hope of catching the per- fidious English cruiser unawares, in which case down he goes to the bottom, and Waterloo is avenged. But, of course, the Englishmen who drew up the rules have given all the advantage to them- selves. Our torpedo-destroyers are restricted to the use of half their boiler power; they must never fill up to more than two-thirds of their total coal capacity for fighting power they are to be considered as torpedo-boats only. As a gunboat is equal to four destroyers and a de- stroyer equal to four torpedo-boats, it will be obvious that the power of the French fleet in harbour is not nearly so great as it seems. The relative power of the various craft is re- duced to a mathematical formula. A cruiser can be put out of action by being torpedoed, and to torpedo her a vessel must get within 600 yards and fire a Very's light before being discovered. As to the smaller craft the test of destruction is the discovery of her secret number. This number, which is known only to her own side, is to be carried in a prominent place on deck, and if the enemy can read it with their search- light the owner of the number is doomed, and must proceed like a lame duck to lie up in Mil- ford Haven for the rest of the manoeuvres. Three gunboats went out from Holyhead when war was declared, but returned without finding the enemy or being found themselves. Off the Mull of Kintyre a torpedo-boat of the Loch Ryan flotilla was captured by the English, and put out of action.
Switzerland is the country for divorces. Foi 10,000 marriages there are 20-6 divorces. Next comes France with 13-4 divorces per 10,000 marriages, then Germany with 7-9, Hungary with 6-4, Austria with 3-7, Sweden with 4-9, and Italy 1-3. Lord Linlithgow, who has been very much out of health for some months, is now quite well again. For six weeks he has been going through a cure at Wurzburg, which has done him so much good that he is now completely restored to health, and will spend the autumn with Lady Linlithgow at Hope- toun House, near Queensferry. Society women are more and more interesting themselves in pursuits which are distinctly "use- ful." The day has gone by when to be able to do anything more practical than warble indifferently, paint in water-colours, or punch holes and sew them up again," as the process of embroidery was once described, was considered positively vulgar. Women with leisure and means are seriously taking up such work as book-binding and photography, and the beautiful art of enamelling.
KING AND QUEEN. I FAREWELL TO EltlN. After being entertained to luncheon in the Cork Exhibition on Saturday afternoon their Majesties returned to their yacht, receiving two more addresses just before embarking at Queens- town. The Royal yacht then left for Cowes, where their Majesties arrived on Sunday even- ing. HIS MAJESTY'S ADDRESS TO THE IRISH PEOPLE. The King directed the following address to bs issued to the Irish people: — August 1, 1903. To My IRISH PEOPLE. I desire on leaving Ireland to express to my Irish people how deeply I have been touched by the kindness and good will which they have shown to the Queen and myself. Our experi- ence on previous visits had indeed prepared us for the traditional welcome of a warm-hearted race. But our expectations have been exceeded. Wherever we have gone in town or country, tokens of loyalty and affection proffered by every section of the community have made an I enduring impression on our hearts. For a country so attractive and a people so gifted we cherish the warmest regard, and it I is, therefore, with supreme satisfaction that I have during our stay so often heard the hope expressed that a brighter day is dawning upon Ireland. I shall eagerly await the fulfilment of this hope. Its realisation wTill, under Divine Pro- vidence, depend largely upon the steady de- velopment of self-reliance and co-operation, upon better and more practical education, upon the growth of industrial and commercial enter- prise, and upon that increase of mutual tolera- tion and respect which the responsibility my Irish people now enjoy in the public adminis- tration of their local affairs is well fitted to teach. It is my earnest prayer that these and other means of national wellbeing may multiply from year to year in Ireland, and that the blessings of peace, contentment, and prosperity may be abundantly vouchsafed to her. EDWARD R. AND I. Copies of this address were posted throughout Ireland on Monday. LORD IVEAGH'S GIFT. I The sum of £ 50,000, which Lord Iveagh has given to the King to mark their Majesties' visit to Dublin, is to be divided among the Dublin hospitals, Protestant and Roman Catholic alike. Lord Iveagji is desirous of including in the divi- sion the National Hospital for Consumption, Newcastle, which is intimately connected with Dublin, and devotes itself to a work in which his Majesty has himself taken a special interest. The King desires that a representative com- mittee of five gentlemen should be nominated to apportion the munificent gift. MR. H. PLUNKETT KNIGHTED. I The King on Saturday summoned the Right Hon. Horace Plunkett on board the Royal yacht, and expressed his personal appreciation of the services rendered by him to Ireland. His Majesty then conferred the honour of Knight- hood upon him, and presented him to a Knight Commandership of the Royal Victorian Order. THEIR MAJESTIES AT COWES REGATTA. I The inhabitants of the Victoria and Albert were astir early on Monday morning, and her royal owner, in white yachting cap and serge suit, paced the deck, watching with interest the preparations for the first races. Between eleven and twelve o'clock his Majesty paid his first visit ashore, and the honoured friend was M. Polewsky, the Russian Charge d'Affaires. Accompanied by Mr. Sidney Greville and with a fully-manned boat in tow, his Majesty made straight for the landing-stage opposite Rosetta House, hoping to reach his destination unobserved; but the lynx-eye of the tripper de- tected the manoeuvre. One man followed, hat- less, breathless, along the shore, and as he arrived just in time to observe his Majesty alight, "Click, click, click," went the army of kodak fiends, and his Majesty was taken with one leg up, smiling at a bare-legged urchin. Hooray!" called out a red-faced man, waving a once white, time-worn Panama. Hooray!" shrilly echoed a child. "Hooray!" from a hundred throats, and his Majesty smil- ing, raised his cap once more, and, stepping out briskly towards the "Egypt" walled-in garden, was soon lost to sight through the side door- leading to the house. Scarcely an hour elapsed when once more the royal pinnace made its foaming way to- wards the jetty, and as the boat touched the shore the King, returning, followed by a crowd of running children, appeared in sight. His Majesty was by no means pleased at being thus mobbed, and one sporting amateur photographer rushed on to the landing-stage as the royal boat pushed off, and in his very face snapped his machine. The King himself took the steering ropes on his journey back to the pinnace. In the afternoon the King went for a cruise on the Britannia. Queen Alexandra accom- panied him, and Princess Victoria—who in a serge costume and a small sailor hat, looked the picture of health—was there. OF THE ROYAL NAVAL, COLLEGE AT OSBORNE. The King on Tuesday morning opened Osborne College. His Majesty and the Prince of Wales proceeded by launch from his Majesty's yacht Victoria and Albert to Kingston Quay to inspect the new works and boat slip intended for the use of the cadets at the new college. The Royal visitors were received by Captain Wemyss, R.N., tuT xr-6r connected with the college. "7 7,e then turned on the new machinery. After inspecting the works the party proceeded mu ^.borne House in a .pair-horsed carriage. The King expressed his satisfaction with the way the alterations had been carried out, and de- clared the new college open, naming it the Royal Naval College. After looking round the college, the King started for Trinity Wharf, making a call on the way at Park House in York-avenue, which is being turned into sick quarters. The Queen and Princess Victoria drove to Osborne and looked round the college.
A PLEDGE FOR MANIACS., I An excellent example of how far the bounds of liberty have been disregarded in this country and the domain of licence entered (says a cor- respondent), was to be had in certain London streets the other day. Specimens of that strange order of human animal which has evidently sus- pended its judgment at the call of some copy- book "humanitarian," were delivering copies of a leaflet running as follows:A.D. 1903. The Pledge for Young Men. I promise to do no murder, and so to enter neither the Army nor the Royal Navy. Signed- In Germany the distribution of such a piece of "literature would be rewarded with ten years' imprisonment, and in Russia--Siberia for life.
KEATING'S POWDER kills Bugs, Fleas, Moths, Beetles, also Nits in Children's Heads (perfectly unrivalled). Harmless to everything but insects. To avoid disappointment insist on having Keating's." Flies and Wasps are easily got rid of by sprinkling the Powder on the window ledges. Tins, 3d., 6d., and Is. Nothing is spent for fuel by the Maories of New Zealand. They cook their potatoes and other vegetables in volcanic heat. There are a few volcanoes in New Zealand, and some of the Maories live up in the mountains near them. They make the volcanoes serve as cooking stoves. There is no foundation whatever for the re- ports received in Constantinople from Beirut, stating that armed Ma.hommedans are frequently murdering Christians with impunity, and that the principal local authorities are showing weakness and indifference in coping with the situation. Before the recent retirement of Sir Frederick Treves, the famous surgeon established a record in performing 1,000 consecutive operations for appendicitis without a death. During twelve months there were no fewer than 15,000 opera- tions for this malady in Great Britain, with 90 per cent. of recoveries, including the King.
GRANDPA'S COURTSHIP On learning that William Henry Hodgkinson her sweetheart, was already embarrassed with a wife and seven children—he was, indeed, a grandfather—Miss Florence Brown determined on proceedings for breach of promise. She ie- iated her wrongs accordingly to a jury at Leeds Assizes on Monday. Miss Brown, a handsome young woman of twenty-eight, is a barmaid, and the daughter of the landlord of the Britannia inn at Sheffield. Her swain was a waiter at a hotel. He took her for walks, with her mother s knowledge, she said, and they had even fixed the marriage day. As regarded presents, he gave her a hat, and contributed 10s. towards the wedding-dress. Only one love letter was read in court. In this, Hodgkinson expressed a fervent hope to see "Dear Florrie" again, and wound up with a number of crosses. Going into the witness-box, the waiter admitted" walk- ing out" with Miss Brown, giving her presents, and introducing her as his wife. But he denied any promise of marriage, and declared that she knew that he had a wife. Several times, he said, she asked him to marry her. His reply was that he could not do so if all Sheffield were given him, and he also inquired if she wanted to see him taken up for bigamy. He was now out of work. After duly weighing the merits of the two versions, the jurors fixed the money oqr-'va- lent of Miss Brown's disappointment at £ 10.
BISHOP OF BRISBANE DEAD. P'T'I' The death is announced of the Right Rev. Dr. Webber, Anglican Bishop of Brisbane. His lordship was educated at Pembroke Col- 0 lege, Oxford, took his M.A. degree in 1862, and in 1885 was made an honorary D.D. He was consecrated Lord Bishop of Brisbane in St. Paul's Cathedral in 1885, having for twenty i.me years previously been vicar of St. John the Evangelist, Holborn.
WRETCHED WRECKS MADE STRONG AND WELL BY DR. WILIIAM91 PINK PILLS. Lung Diseases, Bronchitis, Consumption and Coughs often resist all ordinary treatment, and wreck wretched sufferers' health by their exhaust- ing inroads. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills have a won- derful effect in such cases, where ordinary medi- cine fails, because they build up the health and weight, and expel disease from the system. Ordi- nary medicine tinkers with the disease, but mean- time the patient grows weaker and weaker until he dies. Here is a typical case. A reader who knows of anyone who is pale and sickly should act the Good Samaritan," and call attention to it: Mrs. Huntley, Pontywairn, Monmouth, said: c: I had fairly good health up to four years ago, when I broke down completely. One doctor told me I was suffering from acute bronchitis, and another that I was in illflf consumption. I felt Jmjt la myself wasting away wllm day by <W, and I o|* ilS^f became a complete tuft, p J wreck. I became so j- V I weak and dejected that if I only went upstairs K ^ad to gasp for illljK breath. I expected » every day would be my fIA last. I attribute my if WmiNK |7<\ recovery solely to Dr. I IIW!U'S MK\ Williams' Pink Pills ft H"a. LE, y iVl happened to read of. m ^L-HfOPLH, mtl a case *n w^icb a -58/ woman suffering with The sufferer and the remedy, a similar complaint to Mrs. Huntley's life was saved mine had been cured. by Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. I immediately gave the piUs a trral, and felt better after the second box. After this I decided to drop all ordinary medicine, and stick to the pills. The result is that I now fed as well as ever I did in my life. Anasmia, Bile, Consumption, Decline, Eczema, Fits, Gout, Headache, Indigestion, Kidney Disease, Lumbago, Neuralgia, Paralysis, Rheumatism, Sciatica, St. Vitus'Dance, and the secret sufferings of womankind have all been cured by genuine Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People (full name on box). Nothing has ever been cured by substitutes. If substitutes are offered go to another shop don't stay to listen to false and misleading talk. Williams' Medicine Company, Holborn-viaduct, London, will send a box post free for 2s. 9d., or six boxes for 13s. 9d., and will be glad to hear confidentially of shopkeepers who try to sell substitutes.
ROMANCE IN REAL LIFE. A romantic and melodramatic story comes from Vienna. Barika Wasily, the wife of a pea- sant living in the Roumanian village of Lahoni- gra, on the Hungarian frontier, on going out into the garden found the dead body of a monk be- neath a rose tree. On looking at the features she swooned, discovering that the man was her first husband, Nicolai Mp.cedon. The two had married very young, the girl against her will under pressure from her parents. A child was born, and the mother, whose life was despaired of, confessed to wrong-doing. She recovered, how- ever, and her husband forgave her. Soon after- wards the child disappeared, and could not be found. Twenty years later a young monk en- tered the house. He was the missing child, who, it transpired, had been stolen by his mother's lover and educated. On learning this the husband resigned all claims upon his wife and entered the Greek monastery at Mountain Athos. While in a feeble state of health he left the monastery and wandered back home to die. In the meantime his wife had married her lover.
For using a shop for betting purposes, Albert Thomas Pugh was fined P,50 at Kettering the other day. Three lions have been killed in one day within ten miles of Bulawayo. Their skins fetched E15 each. The Weymouth Guardians are engaging a dentist to examine the teeth of the workhouse children. Andrew Sarsfield, aged 12, has been drowned while bathing in the canal at Liverpool. Rhine visitors will regret to hear that a con- siderable poxtion of the picture-sque ruin of Rheinfels, near Saint Goar, has collapsed. The portion which has fallen was built nearly 700 years ago. The ruin and the grounds surround- ing it are the property of the Kaiser. The "Journal des Debats" states that when King Edward was at Longchamp he promised a souvenir to the winner of every race. This memento is to consist of a gold pin bearing the King's monogram surrounded bv a horee" shoe.
1- GREEN HAIR. For centuries it has been observed that coppdV- sniiths sometimes have green hair, and from investigations that have been held on this sub- ject it appears that green hair is by no means uncommon among workers in copper. It occurs only among those who have worked with the metal for many years, and the individual sus- ceptibility varies greatly. Among more than 300 coppersmiths, the "Family Doctor" says, only eight were found with green hair. The hair of a man who had been a brass polisher for twenty-seven years showed no trace of green. Blondes are more visibly affected than dark- haired people. After working in copper is given up the green colour may disappear, but only after a number of years.
I SIXTY NEW DETECTIVES. Sixty men have just been added to the sitaff of the Criminal Investigation Department at New Scotland Yard. This is the first augmentation of the staff since 1886, and it is necessitated by the advanced methods of present-day criminals causing a considerable increase in the work of the department. Thanks, it is said, to higher education, such crimes as watch-snatching and petty pilfering have decreased enormously of late years, while cases of forgery and fraud have increased proportionately. A police official the other day asserted that whereas a few years ago the losses of watches reported at one station numbered thirty in a month, that number would not now be reported! in the same period through- out the whole police district. "Educated men," he added, "are filling our prisons." The new men were taken from the uniform branch, and were chosen from among nearly 15,000. They will first serve a probationary period under the supervision of experienced detectives, and if found suitable will be attached to the permanent staff. The selection of the men was made by Mr. E. R. Henry, the .ief Commissioner of Metropolitan Police.
K. —— — TOWN TOPICS. (From Our London Correspondent.) f There is not one among his Majesty's sub- jects who is not most thoroughly pleased with the complete success which has attended the visit of the King, with Queen Alexandra, to Ireland. By full consent of every section of the Irish people, it has been the most popular royal visit ever made to the Green Island; and the hope is expressed very freely that it may prove only the precursor of others which shall be similarly pleasant. A very -general feeling will be entertained for the moment, however, that their Majesties well deserve a rest after their recent heavy labours; and their projected stay abroad will, it is trusted, thoroughly recruit them. Sight-seeing is not always the least laborious of tasks, as many ordinary folk can attest; but it is not given to ordinary folk to know how hard the pro- cess must be when deputations have to be received, dinners given, and receptions held at every point along the route. Their Majes- ties always fulfil this portion of their great duties with such unfailing tact and courtesy that the fatigue involved is not observed by the public generally; but it is felt, neverthe- less, and it is a point which the more thought- ful among the lieges always appreciate. The most cordial wishes will be given to the venerable Duke of Cambridge when he goes abroad for his annual cure," as he now shortly will do, for even though he is close upon 84 years of age, he still takes part in public functions connected with matters in which he is personally interested. It is very striking to think that the first such great function he ever attended took place just exactly seventy-one years ago, that having been the opening, when he was a boy of thirteen, of London Bridge by his uncle, Wil- liam IV. It is safe to say that of the others who participated in that memorable cere- mony, very few, if any, survive; and the Duke alone is left to tell how one of the most striking parts of it was the water pageant, the royal party embarking in a number of double barges on to Somerset House, and pro- ceedings down the Thames to the new struc- ture, which is one of the most striking pieces of bridge construction we possess. Yet, wide as it is, and relieved as of late years it has been sought to by the construction of the Tower Bridge lower down the river, it is now not sufficiently broad for the immense volume of traffic that seeks it, and is in pro- cess at this moment of being widened. Various plans have been tried for the relief of London Bridge, and the construction of the Tower Bridge has been above mentioned. The Thames Tunnel proved a failure in this direc- tion, and is now used only by the East Lon- don Railway Company, while the Thames Sub- way is only for foot passengers. A serious and very costly attempt to meet a part of the difficulty was made by the London County Council some four years ago by the construc- tion and opening of the Blackwall Tunnel, a stupendous piece of engineering, which not so very long ago would have been numbered among the wonders of the world. Even the average Londoner is unaware that under- neath the Thames between Blackwall and Deptford is a tunnel so splendidly lit by elec- tricity that it is possible to read a newspaper easily in any part of it; so dry that not a trace of dampness is visible; and so wide that, with a pathway on each side for foot- passengers, there is room in the carriage- way for two omnibuses to pass. And it is proposed to make it even more useful next year by running an electric tramway through It.. The change which has this week taken place in the chief officership of the London Fire Brigade has served to call attention once more to the splendid work which is accom- plished by that fine body of men. It is most gratifying to know that, as a result of its efforts and of the constant improvements effected by the London County Council, the proportion of serious to other fires in the Metropolis has within the past few years been reduced from five per cent. to two; and that at this moment a less number of fires take place in London in proportion to the population than in any other great city in the world except Paris, the comparative im- munity of which is largely due to the virtual absence of the open fire-place in living rooms. Part of the increased security in our own capital must be set down to the additional number of fire-hydrants now fixed in the stre ts, these in the City of London being no more than a hundred yards apart. The con- sequence is that, immediately a hose-reel ar- rives, a quantity of water can be poured upon the flames in their first stage, without waiting for the engine; and, as every practical man will perceive, this means not only a saving of time, but, in many instances, the extinction of the fire before it can make full headway. Visitors to London at this season of the year who have half a day to spare should not miss paying a visit to the Natural History Museum, the very fine building in Cromwell-road, close to South Kensington Station. The collection there is continually increasing, both in num- ber and value, and a diligent attempt is made to present the animals and birds as nearly as possible in their habits as they lived; and this has been done with gratifying success. But it is not to be imagined that the exhibition, fine though it is, is the only work done by the Natural History Museum's staff. There will very shortly be issued, for instance, a book they have prepared which should be of con- siderable use to agriculturists and horticul- turists alike. This will consist of a selection or reports upon all sorts of questions of econo- mic importance which the Board of Agricul- ture during the past two years has submitted to the authorities at South Kensington. No doubt can be entertained that the follower of agriculture and horticulture alike will find TOUCV to interest and, indeed, instruct them in the suggestions and hints given as to various of the pests with which they are too often troubled. Members of the Royal Commission on the Traffic of London have been taking a very practical step within the past few days by making a motor car tour of the metropolis, under the auspices of the Automobile Club, for the purpose of seeing for themselves where ther? is felt the greatest need for improved lot motion. Those who have much to move about London will earnestly hope that some tangible fruit may come from the recommenda- tions of the Commissioners whenever they are forthcoming, for up to now, despite all the schemes which have been put forward, the con- gestion goes on growing greater and even more grievous. The widening of some of the largest thoroughfares, for instance, though it has been effected only at enormous cost, has not had the good results which had been anti- cipated, for it has seemed to serve to attract more traffic to streets already sadly over-full. Controversy is raging, and by no means for the first time, among those responsible for the government of some of the leading watering- places beloved by Londoners, as to why they are not as widely popular in the winter as their continental rivals. There may, of course, be set aside in this dispute those seaside re- sorts which are subject to a continual series of bitter blasts throughout the winter season; and equally, it is only fair to recognise that a certain number of the others take a deal of trouble and go to great expense in their de- termination to give thorough enjoyment to their visitors, at whatever season of the year they z%ay come. But not even the most ardent believer in England and all things English will deny that many of our watering- places are deplorably dull of a winter evening, and that they make no provision for the literal rainy day; and in that direction reform might oertainly be suggested by those who desire to keep as many as possible of their countrymen at home. R.
DUNMOW FLITCR. BACON A REWARD FOR DOUBLE-BLESSEDNESS. I The large space which has been for centuries the site of the annual Dunmow Flitch trial was on Bank Holiday bright with bunting and alive with the holiday multitude assembled to witness the traditional festivities. Thits curious and interesting custom had its b- ception as far back as 1244, the founder being Robert Fitzgerald. ° Since the days of morris-dancers and quarter- staff contests probably "no material change has taken place in the nature of the Dunmow Bank Holiday festivities. The same booths, round- abouts, and other jingling and glittering, attrac- tions are to be found in the time-honoured as- sembly. Racing, of course, still obtains in spite of the bumpy course—by reason of the recent weather now heavy to a degree. A pleasant feature of the racing, however, is that as each race is run by practically the same horses the punter who backs his fancy and loses in one has ample opportunity of recruiting in any of the subsequent ones. The central motif of the old Flitch meeting is naturally the historic and histrionic Trial as a result of which the prize is awarded. Several hundred people filled to overflowing the huge tent where the unique trial has been witnessed with the mentioned lapses since 1244 until the present day. Mr. F. W. Bartley, of Brighton, as judge, managed to combine the spirit of the ancient "trial" with the amusing requirements of to-day, and the two counsel—Mr. W. G. Linsell for the claimants and Mr. T. Gibbons for the donors— added greatly to the enjoyment of the afternoon. The jury was composed of six bachelors and six maidens. After a most exhaustive and humorous inquiry into the claimants' right by merit to the prize the two huge flitches were awarded, one to Mr. and Mrs. Keble, of Northampton, who seemed to have experienced exceptional conjugal bliss since 1897, and Mr. and Mrs. Jaekaman, of Felixstowe, whose 33 years of married life secured them the other. The customary chairing to the outer stage followed, where the matrimonial rarities took the oath and received the bacon. A display of Messrs. Brock's fireworks completed the festival at nine o'clock. -I!'t>1
THE NEW POPE. Cardinal Sarto, whose election to the Throne of St. Peter was Announced on the 4th inst., was Patriarch of Venice. Cardinal Sarto was much talked of in Italy when, on his preferment to the Venetian Patriarchate in 1893, he encountered opposition on the part. of the Italian Govern- ment before he could take possession of his See. The Government maintained that the Patri- archate was part of the King of Italy's patronage, and that it was the King's right to present his own candidate. The difficulty was solved, be- cause Cardinal Sarto, though chosen by the Pope, was a favourite with the Italian Govern- ment and with King Humbert himself. The new Pontiff has climbed the ecclesiastical ladder from the "lowermost rung of a simple country curate. On being transferred from Mantua to his present See he found himself face to face with deplorable laxity among the diocesan clergy consequent upon the too indulgent atti- tude of his predecessor. Simple in his per- sonal habits, modest and gentle in his bearing towards others, Cardinal Sarto is beloved by Venetians of all parties. Under his sway the Catholic institutions of Venice have thrived ex- ceedingly, and the Cardinal's piety, combined with his very noteworthy common sense, have given him the reputation of being an ideal Bishop. On the occasion of the famous meeting between the late King of Italy and the German Emperor at Venice Cardinal Sarto participated officially, and again this last May, when King Victor Em- manuel III. and Queen Helen visited the "Citv on the Waters," the Cardinal Patriarch went in state in his gorgeous gondola to render homage. Pope Pius X., the title which Cardinal Sartos chose, is described as being essentially a spiritual man. He has ordained that on Sundays and feast-days in his diocese the Gospel for the day shall be always read and explained to the people in the vernacular, and himself often discharges this duty from the pulpit of St. Mark's. SCENES AT ST. PETER'S. At a quarter to twelve on the morning of the 5th inst. the large glass doors of the balcony over the central doors of St. Peter's were opened, and servants of the Vatican appeared bearing an enormous white silk hanging bordered with crimson velvet, and bearing on it the Papal arms in blue and gold. This they hung over the outside of the balcony, so that it floated outwards in the breeze and could be seen suspended over the gates of St. Peter's from a distance of many hundred yards. This, the official intimation ,of the selection of a new Pope, was hailed by the vast crowd assembled with shouts of jubilatian. Hats were waved and handkerchiefs were shaken in the air, a,nd for some moments nothing but a babel of shouting could be heard. Then the servants retired, and there appeared on the balcony first the cross- bearer, with a large' gold processional cross in his hand, and then four Cardinals, who took their positions on the right and left. The Cardinals all wore their conclave cloaks of violet and their scarlet zucchetti. The only dif- ference noticeable in the dress of the central figure was the biretta in place of the zucchetto. The crowd was intensely excited. The four Cardinals above made gestures to the throng beneath, and at last absolute silence reigned. THE PROCLAMATION. The aged Cardinal Macchi then came forward, and, in a voice which rang out with truly marvellous resonance, read out from a large red bound book the proclamation Nuntio vobis gaudium magnum: habemus Papam eminentissimum reverendissimum Giuseppe Sarto." Here he was interrupted by a wild shout of acclamation from the entire body of listeners, many of whom, believing the proclamation to be finished, rushed to the entrance gates. Silence was again restored, and the reading of the proclamation was concluded with the announce- ment that the name taken by the new Pope was Pins X. The 20,000 listeners then swept up the steps into the Basilica in order to be present when the benediction was pronounced. Hardly had they effected an entrance when they were' signalled back into the piazza. This they all imagined to be a sign that the Pope was going to bestow his blessing not only on the faithful within the church, but also on the whole city. Another rush was made to the steps. The Cardinals, however, had been mistaken, and the blessing was to be given inside the Basilica. This hesitancy is note- worthy, as it may be taken as a sign that there was in reality some thought of bestowing the public blessing on the crowds assembled in the piazza. Again the crowds rushed back through the gates into the heart of the Basilica, everybody striving to prevent himself from being pushed back. THE FIRST BENEDICTION. By this time the embroidered hanging had been removed from the balcony and hung over the gates within the cathedral. The. Cardinals took up the same position as before, but facing the inside of St. Peter's. Pope Pius X., standing erect in their midst, raised his hand and gave in a clear resonant voice his first public blessing. The spectacle was moving. The vast crowd, which a moment before had been surging backwards and forwards and to the right and left, sank to its knees, and absolute silence prevailed but for the sound of the clearly-enunciated words of the Latin blessing as they were pronounced by the newly-elected Pope. The Pope then returned to t!Jat part of the balcony which faces the piazza and bowed to the populace, crossing his arms over his breast. It is difficult to be certain whether or not he actually blessed the people formally there as well as within the Basilica, THE ELECTION CEREMONY. The Giornale d'ltalia" thus describes the scene at the last sitting of the conclave One by one the voting tablets were extracte from the urns, and as the end drew near, each name read out evoked an increased murmur o, voices. Many of the Cardinals were noting down the names as they were pronounced. Finally the announcement was made to them by the scruti- neers, Habemus Pontificem,' and the name Sarto was pronounced. All eyes were turned on Cardinal Sarto. His head was bowed, his eyes were shut, and his lips were trembling in prayer. The Camer- lengo rang his silver bell, the Masters of Cere- monies and the Sacristan entered the Chapel and approached, and the Cardinal Dean bowed and awaited his commands. The Dean, rising, and followed by his Masters of the Ceremonies, walked solemnly up to the altar, where the new Pope had sunk in prayer, and turning to him asked, Ac- ceptasne electionem de te canonice factam in summum Pontificem ?' The Cardinals present put their hands to their ears to hear his response. The silence was complete. The former Patriarch of Venice raised his head, and with eyes moist with tears in loud, sure tones gave his answer in the affirmative. The Car- dinal Dean retired, bowing low. Then suddenly, as if by magic, the canopies over the thrones of the rest of the Cardinals were lowered. The Cardinal Dean asked what name the Pope in- tended to assume, and the answer was given with- out hesitation, Pius the Tenth.' The newly- elected Pope was conducted to the altar under a small canopy erected in the sacristy. Here were in readiness the Papal robes. The Pope doffed the robes of Cardinal and dons the white soutane, the rochet, the red silk mozetta, the white biretta, the scarlet velvet cam- auro edged with ermine, the white stockings and scarlet shoes, and then returned to the Sistine Chapel and took his seat on the throne before the altar. There approached first the old Camerlengo- Oreglia, who, leaning on his stick, knelt down and kissed the Pope's hand, receiving in return the kiss of peace. All the other Cardinals, one by one, re- peated the ceremony and all received this kiss of peace. Then the Camerlengo placed on the Pope's finger the famous Fisherman's Ring, which the Z, Pope immediately handed to the Master of the Ceremonies in order that he might have the arms and name engraved thereon." HOW THE VOTING WENT. I The first act of the new Pope was to confirm Cardinal Oreglia in his functions as chamberlain and to confer the Red Hat on lifer. Merry del Val, the Secretary to the Conclav^, this indicating that the latter will be included in the next promo- tions to the cardinalate. A telegram to the Francais" says Cardinal carta's election has a very plain mean- ing. and is due to the very marked reaction against the dominating characteristic, which was politics above all, of the last Pontificate. Cardinal Rampolla's partisans voted for Cardinal di Pietro up to the sixth ballot, and it was only on Monday that Cardinal Vannutelli's partisans began to put forward the name of Cardinal Sarto, who in the sixth ballot received 32 votes. Cardinal Ram- polla's partisans only gave way on Tuesday, and at the final ballot Cardinal Sarto received consider- ably more, it is understood, than the requisite two- thirds majority.
THE WASHERWOMAN'S NOSE. The "Petit Journal" records a singular misad- venture which has befallen Madame Lebegue, a blanchisseuse. Some time ago her husband, in a quarrel, gave her a violent blow on the nose and broke it. She was informed at the hospital that the only way to restore that feature to its former beauty was to graft a piece of human skin upon it. A man under treatment in the same hospital was struck by her misfortune and offered to supply the skin, and, the offer being accepted, the operation was duly performed. Madame Lebegue left the hospital with a very satisfactory nose. A few days ago she dis- covered that hair had begun to grow on her noee. A doctor was called in to examine ner, and informed her that the growth 'would prob- ably be permanent, the skin grafted in the hos- pital having evidently contained hair bulbs. She is now wondering whether she will be compelled to shave her nose.
I Poor Appetite, I Languor. I I had no Appetite, was very 8 Low Spirited, and had no n Unergy whatever. I con- 1 tinually felt Tired, and ached 9 all over. I took no interest in anything. I tried many inedi- 1 cines, but got no better until 1 Guy's Tonic I ey was recommended to me. Im- i provement followed the first | dose, and I am now quite well. I I can thoroughly recommend I Guy's Tonic. It is splendid." 1 Guy's Tonic is the best of all Restora- B tives in Weakness and Debility. Thou- H sands of people in all parts of the World 5 have proved this. Guy's Tonic is sold by 9 Chemists Everywhere at i3j^d. per bottle. H You,are urged to give H a trial—it never 1 fails. ￼ I 0 8 ^Tho Best ^j|
I A MAN OF MARK. Mr. Lee S. J. Hunt is a modern example (says the "St. James's Gazette") of what a man may rise to in America after having been born in a log-hut. From log-cabin to White House is a well-known adage; but Mr. Hunt has risen from the humble log-hut, which he shared with nine other children, in Indiana to a place of trust which at the present moment is of great inter- national value. He is the confidential adviser of the Emperor of Korea, and, having gained that monarch's favour by obtaining for him a convenient loan from a foreign Power, he man- aged to gain much money for himself from the inevitable concessions. A poor boy, without too thorough an education, Mr. Hunt managed to win his way to the post of a teacher of foreign languages in a large school. By dint of employ- ing a tutor to teach him at night he was able to instruct the boys during the day, and made a success. Even as a boy he showed great fin- ancial ability; he would buy or trade for any- thing in which he thought there was money, but would not speculate haphazard. The owner eff a Seattle newspaper later, he it was who boomed that town and made it great. He be- came the absolute boss ot the town and was of- fered the senatorship. Declining this, he never- theless saw that his own nominee received this honour. After the boom there came a crash, however, and Mr. Hunt left the town owing nearly a quarter of a million sterling. Sent to China to build a railway, he came eventually to Korea, and found his good fortune again. Having made his money, he returned on a visit to Seattle, and settled up all his debts with com- pound interest. Not only did he pay his debts, but also found work on his concessions in Korea for many of those whom he, had formerly 4nown. He is back again in Korea now, and is distinctly one of the men to be reckoned with in Far Eastern questions. A generous and affable man, his word can be trusted more than many a man's oath, a fact which marks him out uniquely in the Korean court.
THE COST OF ARMIES. Some interesting statistics are contained in M. Messimy's preamble to a proposal for the reorgani- sation of the French Army. He shows that from every million inhabitants the French Army takes 5620 recruits, the German Army 4120, the Italian Army 3130, the Russian Army 2812, the Austro- Hungarian Army 2670, and the English Army 1170. The difference to the disadvantage of France is enormous, and is likely to become greater every year in proportion as its birth-rate remains inferior to that of other nations. More- over, to take 5620 recruits annually for every million inhabitants it is necessary to accept many weaklings, with the result that in 1901 the mortality in the French army was treble that of the German army. Examining the financial sacrifices which are entailed by the excessive armaments of Europe, M. Messimy says that the military expen- diture amounts in- Per eent. of Million the total francs. Expenditure. France 1200 35 Russia 1300 25 Germany' 1200 21 Austria 475 17 Italy 400 22 The conclusion to be drawn from these statistics is that disarmament is becoming a necessity for France, and that it is natural that the French people should be favourable to the conclusion of arbitration treaties.
A duel with swords, arising from an altercation, has taken place in Paris between the Viscount de Coutades and Tueni Bey, Secretary of the Ottoman Embassy. Tueni Bey was slightly wounded in the arm. Policeman Scholz, of Muelhausen, Alsace, broke into the house of an official recently. On being captured as he was about to leave he shot himselt dead. —