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ART AND LITERATURE. In lib younger days Mr. Val Prinsep, R.A., was noted for his great strength, and several in- teresting stories are told of his remarkable feats. When studying in Paris his fellow-students "ragged" him,, but he quickly stopped them by walking to the fireplace, quietly breaking the fender across his knee, arid strolling back to his seat. The humorists Jeft him severely alone after that. He is also credited with having once thrown a donkey into the water "just to see if he could swim." Charles Dickens—though so great at that—was very much more than a novelist. He was one of the most successful reformers of the la-st century. "Oliver Twist," "Nicholas Nicklebv," and "Bleak House" struck at the scandals of the poor-house, the school, and the law's delay. It is, therefore, fit that a picture of him should find a place in the Reform Club, in London, and Mr. J. C. Parkinson has lately presented to that club a copy of the famous portrait by Maclise, the original of which hangs in the National Por- trait Gallery. It is an admirable wesk, reflect- ing great credit on the artist selected. Mr. John Morley's much-expected life of William Ewart Gladstone will be out, we are assured, in October. It will run three volumes, at a published price of a couple of guineas. The other day, at auction in London,, as part of the property of Sir Joseph W. Pease, of Hutton Hall, Guisborough, a replica of T. Wool- ner's life-size Oxford bust of Mr. Gladstone, in statuary marble, executed in 1866, brought 27 guineas while more than ten times as much, 285 guineas, was realised for "Le Printemps," a life-size statue, 38in. high, by R. Carpeaus. axe- cuted in 1873. Mr. J. Mackenzie Rogan, who has just con- eluded an interesting series of lectures to the students of the Royal Academy of Music in Lon- don, on the potentialities of the military orches- tra, is the conductor of the band of his Majesty^ Coldstream Guards. A number of the members of his band attended the last lecture, and played various illustrations, including such dversfied" examples as Tchaihovsky's "Casse Noisette" Suite, some Wagner Overtures, and some Church chants. Mr. Rogan has done much to advance- the chara-eter of the music that used to be in vogue among military bands, and his adaptations of high-class works have been the subject of dis- cussion in musical circles. He is a recognised authority on his subject, and has frequently ad- judicated in band contests, including the great annual brass band festival at the Crystal Palace. Bjornson, the great Norwegian poet, whose seventieth birthday was recently celebrated, was ence asked by a friend upon what occasion in his life he had taken the greatest pleasure in knowing that he was a poet. "It was when a delegation from the Right came to my house in Christiania," he answered, "and smashed all the windows. Because when they had thus attacked me, and were starting for home again, they felt that they ought to sing something, and so they began to- sing, Yes, we love this land of ours.' They couldn't do anything else. They had to sing the song of the man whom they had attacked." Lady Butler's fame as an artist comes of most strenuous application, thus proving anew the old axiom that genius- is very often little more than the infinite art of taking pains. As a child she was always drawing and painting, and her father himself undertook- her general education, that it might not interfere with her artistic pursuits. Hia lessons were given almost entirely by reading aloud, the pupil ai the same time working with her brush or pencil. Even when travelling the little girl was always sketching what she saw, leaning out of railway carriages and diligences in order to obtain a view of something which had struck her fancy. Mr. Thompson taught his daughter for twelve-years, and then she became a student at South Kensington. Miss Elizabeth Thompson married- Sir William Butler some years after "The Roil Call" had made her famous. Max Pembertoivs delightful romance, "The Garden of Swords," is just being issued in a. well-printed popular volume at the price of six- pence by Cassell and Company. The same firm announce also that the Very Rev. William Lefroy, the erudite Dean of Norwich, has undertaken to write the memoir of the late Dean Farrar, which- will preface a "biographical edition" of "The Life of Christ," shortly to be published in re- sponse to widespread request. Mr. W. Robinson, t-he author of the "English Flower Garden," is the editor of a new monthly review, entitled "Flora and Sylva." It is in- tended for lovers of landscape, woodland, and garden, who will accord it a hearty welcome. Special attention is paid to new varieties. In the current number there is a particularly in- teresting article on new daffodils. Among the most interesting books of biography to be issued this year is Mr. Henry James's life of his friend, William Wetmore Storey. Mr. Storey was, of course, the distinguished American sculptor who lived in Rome from 1848 onwards. The biography will contain many letters and reminiscences of great value, as Storey was an intimate of Russell Lowell, the Brownings, Walter Savage Landor, and others of equal fame. The retirement of Tommaso Salvini from the- stage will come as a surprise to many who- thought that the event had' taken place some time ago. As a matter of; fact the great tragedian has not, for a good many years, appeared, save under compulsion, in parrts which he considered unsuited to his-age and figure, for he is seventy- four, and his proportions are considerable. When he visited London in 1875, the first thing he did was to go to the Lyceum Theatre, to see Irving in "Hamlet," At first he was so much struck with the English actor's rendering that he vowed he would never appear in the part in England, but later in the play he considered, Irving mannered, and deficient in the passionate parts, and decided to perforrl the part, as he had originaSy intended. Salvini did his best to dis- suade his sons from going on the stage, as he did not wish that they should be actors unless they could achieve the highest. The younger, Gustavo Salvini, however, has falsified the- paternal prediction by becoming the most popular actor of the day in Italy, and that in the very parts in which his father won a great and lasting fame. He is a man of handsome features and robust physique, though he lacks his father's huge muscular envelopment. A small boy called upon a gentleman in a town near London the other day, and left a catalogue, of music, most of it obviously pirated. The honest householder is requested to mark the- songs he wants, and to keep the list by him until th« nameless messenger calls for it again. Then, ¥ we presume, the order is executed anonymously., through the post. Here, then, is direct evidence, of a system whereby copyright is- infringed, not by ere gutter hawkers, but by regular traders, sending round their messengers from house to. house, accepting money in considerable quan- tities, and carrying on'a considerable business. The music in question is 8ir.ply photographed from the -opyrigllt versions on to plates, from wilier rough impressions are iaken. The select- tion is admirable, and would do credit to a; lead- ing publisher. For 3d. apiece one can obtain the inevitable "HoneysucLie and th, Bee" or "Good-bye, Dolly Gray." For 9d., there are- offered- selections from "Florocsora, "The Geish&^or "The Belle oSNew York." There is, moreover, an admirable list of Sousa's most classical marches, as well as "Sail Toy," "The Toreador," and othci- moderr, masterpieces. Surely the infringem-ent has reached a point where the police might made the nameless per- petrators face the niusic they have sold. .0-

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