Parliamentary. In the House of Commons, on Wednesday,. the Prime Minister intimated that the Budget would be introduced on the Thursday following the re-assembling of the Houssr and that the- second reading of the Irish Land Bill would be taken at the beginning of the succeeding, el week. On the motion in Committee for the allotment to Ireland of an annual sum of £185.000 as the equivalent of the increase in the grant for education in England, Mr Wyndham explained that it was proposed to use the money for three purposes. It would be a guarantee against least on the flotation of stock for land purchase it would form a fund from which the educational. demands of Ireland might be met; and it could.. be used for the promotion of economic develop- ment and transit facilities. Mr Wyndham announced that Lord Iveagh and Mr Pirrie were prepared to take up the- question of transport in Ireland, and, them- selves finding all the capital, see what could be done in this direction for the agricultural communities. The motion was agreed to. The House afterwards resumed the debate on, Mr Balfour's motiou for the reappointment of the Committee on Municipal Trading, and this", was carried. Mr (Jhamberlain announced in the House of Commons on Thursday that the new South. African Customs Convention provided pre- ferential tariffs for goods from the Mothec Country.
The Monroe Doctrine. Chicago, Thursday. President Roosevelt, delivering- an address to-night, said h& believed in the Monroe doctrine with all his heart and soul, but would infinitely prefer that the- United States should abandon it: than bluster about it and fail to build up an efficient fighting- strength to make it respected.
Sad Burning Fatalities. !5 The wife and child of the Rev A. C. Lloyd, were burned to death at Yardley Gobion, Northampton-- shire, last night by bedclothes 0 taking fire.
The Whltechapel Shoaling Case. Witnesses from Blackheath have to-day failed to identify the man arrested for shooting in Whitechapel yesterday as author of Blackheath tragedy. A man arrested for shooting four men at Whitechapel yesterday was remanded this morning. He- seemed to be labouring under a delusion.
Charge against the British Consul at Beira. At Bow Street to-day the charge- against Ralph Belscher, the British Consul at Beira, of misappropria- ting official monies was dropped*, 0 the money having been repaid- Prisoner was discharged.
IJegal Education Scheme. The Attorney General in the- Chancery Court to-day applied that no scheme for dealing with the fund& for legal education should be-- sanctioned until time had beem given for consideration. He said one hundred thousand pounds was- available, and was to establish a, legal school in London. Justice Farwell thought the scheme magnificent, and agreed to the Attorney General's applica- tion.
A Libel Action. Mr Ganthony commenced a libel action against the Daily Expresss- to-day for insinuating that Charles Hawtrey wrote a A Message fronfc 0 Mars."
Stocks. Stocks quiet.
A C CI DENTS OF ALL KlNDS, EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY, ACCIDENT & DISEASE (Small Pox, Scarlet Fever, Typhoid, Diphtheria, &c> BURGLARY & FIDELITY IN. SURANCE. RAILWAY PASSENGERS' ASSURANCE COIYPANY, Established 1849. Claims paid.: £ 4.500?QQ08 64, CORNHILL, LONDON. A. VIAN, Secretary, Local Agent: Ifr. H. HEMMING, G. W. Railway Crane Street, Pontypool. Printed and Published by "THE COUNTY OBSERVER," NEWSPAPER and PUINTING COMPANY, Limited, by JAMES HENRY CLARK, at their Offices, Bridge Street, Usk, in the County of Monmouth, Saturday; Ai-ril 1th, 1903. J
PONTYPOOL. POLICE COURT, SATURDAY. ALLEGED ASSAULT BY A FOOTBALLER.—William Joijef, collier, Pontypool, and a well-known Pontypool Football Club forward, was summoned for assaulting Maggie Council, at Pontypool, on the 23rd March.—Mr W. J. Everett defended.— Complainant said that she went into the Bull Inn, where she saw Jones. He got up and struck her several times in the face, giving her two black eyes. He also kicked her. The black eye which she now had was the result cf the assault.—For the defence, William Jones said that when he went into the Bull he saw Connell, Clearey and two other girls drinking in a room with men from Llanhilleth. He went into another room, but the girls and the men commenced to make a row and break the pints, etc. The landlord got them out once, but the girls came back and said that they would not go until they fetched all ihe policemen in Pontypool there. The girls commenced fighting among themselves, and be and several others went into the room to take the weapons from them. He did not touch one of the girls, but they assaulted him with a spittoon and a tongs. He positively denied giving Connell the two black eyes. She had them when he went into the room.—Edward Hale stated that he also went into the room to atop the row in company with Jones, who did not strike Connell. Connell, who had the black eyes before they went into the room, had been fighting with the other girls. She attempted to throw a glass pint at Jonrs,— John Atkins corroborated, and Mr Everett stated that he had several other witnesses to the same effect.-The case was dismissed. ANOTHER.—George Askew, ironworker, at the Pontnewynydd Works, but who lives with his brother-in-law, the landlord of the Bull Inn, was then summoned for assaulting Kate Clearey on the same date.—This case also was dismissed. AN BX-PUGILIST IN TROUBLE.—Benjamin Corfield, collier, Poutnewydd (said to be the ex-champion light-weight pugilist of England) was summoned for assaulting William James, landlord of the Cwmbran Gardens Hotel, at Upper Cwmbran, on February 28th, and for usinll threats towards Barbara James, his wife, at Pontnewydd, on the same date.—Mr W. J. Everett prosecuted, and Mr T. P. Holmes Watkins, both of Pontypool, defended.—William James said th it at 11.15 p.m, on the day named he heard a call for help, and went outside on to the canal bank. He there saw a man named Linucy struggling in the middle of the canal. Witness shouted to him to come towards the side, got him out, and took him into the house, where he was given brandy. There were two men on the canal bank, and one of them shouted "Let the h- drown." P.C. Jones and the defendant came into the house whilst Linney was there, and witness told the former that be was sorry to say that there were two men on the bank who did not try to get the man out. Defendant than said, Yes, I am one of them, and I will be glad to sea him drown, so as to make it hot for you." Witness took Linney home, and when he was returning C,rfield attacked him and struck him several severe blows. Witness had to seek refuge again in Liuney's house. Corfield lived in apartments in witness's house.-Ellen Regeon, servant at the Cwmbran Hotel, and Mrs Linney corroborated a* to the assault. -Uorfield denied the ansault, and called his wife and son to corroborate. -P-C. Jones said that whilst Linney was being attended to in the Cwmbran Gardens Hotel, after he had been got, out of the water, he heard Corfield say that he would have stood on the bank and see the man drown.—Evidence was also given as to the threats to Mrs Jameil.-Corfield was ordered to pay 403 fine and 21s costs, and he was also bound over in the sum of £ 5 to keep the peace. STONES PROM A CATAPULT, —William Sylvester was summoned at Pontypool for throwing stones on the highway at Sebastopol on the 30th March. -P.O. Hatherall said that he saw the defendant throwing stones out of a catapult. He had received numerous complaints of damage done by this kind of thing.—The Chairman said that it was a most dangerous practice, and the defendant would be fined 10. ASSAULTING A WipEc.-William Hayward, collier, Chapel Line, Poutypool. was summoned for a s-iulting his wif-, Annie Hayward, at Pontypool, on the 23rd Marcb .-Defendant pleaded guilty, and his wife said that he struck her several times. —Fined 20s, the Cnairman (Mr Pratt) saying that it was a very cowardly assault. REMOVING PIGS.—John George and George Banfield, juveniles, Abersychan, ware summoned at Pontypiol for removing a pig along the highway without a license.-P.C. Maxfield proved the case, and said that the pig was conveyed to a slaughterhouse and kille(I.-iiaed 5s each. FURIOUS DRIVI-IG.-Edwin Blake, haulier, Garndiffaith, was summoned for driving a horse and cart furiously at Pontypool on the 11th March.—P.C. Bevan said that he saw the defendant driving a horse furiously at Pontypool, near the Crown Hetel. He put up his hand to stop him, but he would not stop, and uarrowlv escaped knocking a man down. It was a most dangerous corner.—Fined 10s. POLICE COURT, MONDAY. A CHEAP LODGING.—James Donovan, labourer, no fixed abode, was sentenced to 14 days' imprisonment for vagrancy. He was discovered at one o'clock on Monday morning in an outhouse on tha premises of Mr Fowler. The man bad matches in his possession, and said he went to the place for a sleep.
RAGLAN. PETTY SESSIONS, SATURDAY. Before Major G. G. GRIFFIN. DISPOSED OF AT LAST. James Parry, farmer, Raglan, appeared for the fifth time in connection with the charge of neglecting to send his child to school. Defendant now produced a book showing the attendances of his daughter at Miss Jones' School, Ragiau, and also a framed certificate showing that Miss Jones had passed an examination of the College of Preceptors in the year 1890. Major Griffin said the attendances were only fair. Defendant said the path from his house was in a very bad condition and the weather had also been very inclement lately. The case was ultimately dismissed, but defendant was requested to produce the attendance book again iu three months. DRUNK ON THE HIGHWAY. John Edwards, a young labourer, of Penrhos, was summoned for being drunk on the highway at Raglan, on the 14th March, aud he pleaded guilty. P.S. Keylock gave the facts. Defendant was being taken home, but he turned back and met witness aud Captain Parker (superintendent) who persuaded him to go home. He then went with another man. Defendant, who said he was very sorry, was ordered to pay 7s inclusive. He then asked tor time to pay the amount, but being refused, he at once handed over the money. NO SECOND MAGISTRATE, After waiting uuavailingly some time for a second magistrate, the Court adjourned for a mouth, a couple of cases being necessarily held over for that period.
TRELLECK. POLICE COURT, TUESDAY. Before G. G. GRIFFIN, Esq. (in the chair), Rev L. A. REB*, Captain H. WALTERS, R.N and H. DE LA PABTURB, Esq. No REINs.-George Richards admitted driving a horse and cart without any reins at Wolvesnewton on the 27th of February, and was fined Is and cos's, 3s 6d. CRUELTY TO A DOG.-Herbert Williams, late of Tralleck, who did not appear, was summoned for cruelty to a dog on the 27th of February.—David Edmunds having said he was the owner of the dog, but did not see anything of the affair. Albert Howells stated that at 3.20 p m. on the date named he saw the dog following some sheep at Trelleck. Defendant was near and called the animal, and afterwards tied something round its neck. He then began to beat the dog, and kept on for 20 minutes till he killed it. Witness was 300 yards off, and the scarf (produced) was tied round the neck of the dog. It was a young animal, but bad not had time to worry the sheep.— Edith Howells cotroborated.-P.C. Davies ep)ke to having examined the dog, which appeared to have been severely beaten with a stick. The animal which was bleeding from its ears, was a sheep dog. The stick which the last witness handed him could have inflicted the injuries.— Defendant was sentenced to one month's imprison- ment with hard labour.
The llonmoullt Borougiis. Z5 On Monday night, Mr Lewis Haslam appeared I before the Liberal Five Hundred, at Newport, on the recommendation of the Executive Committee. Dr Garrod Thomas presided, and Colonel Ivor Herbert was present. In giving a general outline pi of his views on political questions of the day, Mr Haslam spoke favourably of the Irish Land Bill. The Irish people had shown what they could do under the Local Government Act, and he was in favour of granting them further powers, so long as the supremacy of the Imperial Parliament was I maintained. With regard to the Education Act he objected to clerical control of the sohools, and described the hardship of Dissenters being debarred from the head teachership in schools in a nnmber of parishes. He preferred what he called a National system of education for the country, and attacked the Government for forcing the \ct through Parliament without the country's mandate. He also made reference to the question of National expenditure, and said that since the defeat of the lait Liberal Government the expenditure on the army and navy had nearly doubled. He regarded the corn tax as a re-introduction of the principle of protection, and called for its repeal. He criticised the Sugar Bounties' Convention, urging I that under it the Continental Governments would be able to dictate to this country the amount of duty to be levied. In reply to questions he said he advocated the taxation of land values and royalties; and also favoured the introduction of legislation which would help to solve the housing problem. He advocated placing labour and capital on terms of equality before the law; and an extension of the Workman's Compensation Act so as to embrace seamen. In licensing matters he favoured the granting of compensation to licence- holders who were deprived of their licences (except for misconduct) out of funds to be provided by those still engaged in the trøde. Dr Garrod Thomas proposed, and Mr Hart seconded, that Mr Haslam be recommended to the general body of the Liberal party as the candidate for the boroughs. The motion was supported by Colonel Herbert and others, and was carried unanimously.
All Night Telegraphy for Newport. Through the kindly offices of Sir Joseph Lawrenco, M. P., Newport is likely to obtain better facilities for telejzrrtphy during the night:, and the Secretary of the Newport Chamber of Commerce, at the request of Mr F. P. Robjent (President), has sent the following correspondence to the Press :— From Sir Joseph Lawrenco, M.P., to Mr. S. D. Williams. 9, Buckingham Palace Gardens, S.W., 31st March, 1903. Dear Mr Williams, -Recently I had another chat with Mr Austen Chamberlain with reference to the application of the Newport Chamber of Commerce for an all-night telegraphic service, and asked him to re-consider the decision of the Department in the mattev. I urged that they should, at least for a short time, try an all-night servioe, and Mr Chamberlain promised that if I would send him tho correspondence on the subject, he would go caref ully over the grounds for the application. I have to-day received the enolosed letter from him, stating that the experiment will be tried at Newport for six months. Please make it known, so that it may not be withdrawn. Yours faithfully, J. LAWRENCE. From the Right Hon. Mr Austen Chamberlain to Sir Joseph L twrenoe. General Post Office, London, 29th March, 1903. Dear Sir Joseph,-With reference to the Memorandum from the Newport Chamber of Commerce, which you recently sent to me, I have had pleasute in directing that contiuuous attendance be given at the Newport Telegraph Office as an experiment for six months. The continuance at the end of this period will depend upon the extent to which advantage proves to have been taken of the increased facilities. Yours faithfully, AUSTEN CHAMBERLAIN.
The Llanglbhy Hounds. These Hounds met at Llanbadoo on Friday, when Mr Hopton A. Williams, the Master, wa-i again able to put in a welcome appearance. Covers were drawn blank all the way to Croesyceilog, and then a fox was found at White House which went through the covert for Ty Captain, where a second fox came on the scene. One went to Graigwith, by the Buildings, and the other turned back by Llanthewy Church, and was ran across for Coedypaen. Turn- ing to the right the varmint went into the Forest, After a few rings around, the fox broke away, and ultimately went to ground in the gorse near the Walnut Tree, aad, being a vixen, was spared. On Tuesday the meet was at Pentrebach, where Mr Davies always keeps a fox of the right sort, and hounds bad not been in cover five minutes before they fou nd one which provided fitting sport for the winding up of the season. They rang Reynard round in view of them twice, and theu he broke out. He came across for Llantarnam, but turned back, leaving the Blackbirds on the right, crossed the railway, went over the canal, aud returned to Pentrebach again. Then out at the other end and straight for the Maestog, in Lord Tredegar's country. He went as if going over the mountain, but turning back ran the road for nearly a quarter of a mile, pointing for Risca then to the left he was back and through the Maestog again and was killed in tho brook at the bottom. Time I hr. 12 min. Mr Charles Firbank secured the brush and presented it to Miss Mackworth who was out for her first day's hunting. Everyone was delighted at the fitting finish to a brilliant run, only one of several this season which reflect great credit on the master, huntsman, and hounds. The meet to-day (Friday) is at Trevella, and concludes the season.
Usk Post Office. 4 Postmistress, Mrs. Creese. Letter Box cleared for despatch at the P.O.. Bridge Street:—Week Days, 9.40 am., 12.5)4, o.ld (North Mail), and 7.50 p.m.; Sundays, 7.50 p.m. At Castle Parade Pillar Box, 9.30 a.m., 12.45 and 5.5 p.m., week days only. Deliveries commence.—Town, 7 a.m. and 3 p.m., weak days, and 7.3u a.m. Sundays. Country, 6. 0 a.m., week days only. Telegraph business transacted from a.m. to 8 p w., week days, and 8 to 10 a.m. Sundays.
WTI on TO PBBTYFBQt s MOTOR & CYCLE SHOffM11 Depot.
CHEPSTOW. COUNTY COURT, MONDAY. Before His Honour Judge OWEN. The principal business at this Court consisted of lour judgment summonses. In two cases, Walker and Hall, Sheffield, v W. E. James, Nelson-street, Chepstow, and Tom Wood. Aylburton, v Walter Edwards, the judge made orders of committal for teii days, suspended for fourteen days. Of the others, Harriett Davis, Woolaston, v William Froweu was adjourned, whilst in the case of W. E. Merrick, Chepstow, against Sidney Bond, Brockweir, his Honour Judge Owen made a new order of 21 per month. POLICE COURT, MONDAY. Before G. SETS, Esq., and J. T. HORNIBLOW, Esq. DRUNK AND INCAPABLE.—James Hickman, a tramping navvy, was charged with being drunk anti incapable in the Police Station on March 29th. P.S. Groves said that about 8.30 p.m. on Saturday night defendant came to the Police Station drunk, and refused to go away. After acme trouble he was persuaded to leave the premises, but returned at 10.30 p.m. Defendant vaa got away. and later witness took him to a Mouse in Davies's Court. At 1.15 a.m. Hickman Tetllrned to the Police Station, S'lt down on a chair, and absolutely refused to leave.—The magistrates ordered him one day's imprisonment. PETTY SESSIONS, TUESDAY. Before G. SETS. Esq. (in the chair), J. EVANS, Esq., G. YAUGHAN HUGHES, Esq., C. W. WHALLEY, Esq., B. PEltRY, Eq., G. DBWDNBY, Esq., and J. T. HORNIBLOW, Esq. MISCELLANEOUS.—Joseph Sainsbury, of Wood- croft, was charged with being drunk on the licensed premises of the Full Moon, Chepstow, I Defendant was released cn bail owing to illness, and wall still too unwell to attend. The magistutes decided to issue a summons against him.-Mary Blake, Llanvair Diacoed, was fined £ 1 and 4s 6d costs for being riotous on March 9th. It was mentioned that Blake was the woman who recently charged her husband and another man with assaulting her.-George Wood, Shirenewton, was ordered to pay 2s 6d and 4s 6d costs for riotous conduct at Shirenewton.—Thomas Barber, Chepstow, and Thomas Richardson, quarry-owner, were fined the costs, 6;1, for keeping 501b of gun- powder in all nuautborised place.—James Davis was fined 5s inclusive under the school attendance Act.-The hearing of a summons against Leonard Jones for damaging 100 cabbages was adjourned for a fortnight. POLICE COURT, WEDNESDAY. Before G. SEYS, Esq., and J. T. HOBNIBLOW, Esq. DRUNK AND INCAPABLE.—Minnie Jones, a tramping Cardiffian, was charged with being drunk and incapable at Chepstow.-Defendant, who was stated to be well know at Newport and Cardiff police courts, was sent to prison for 14 days, in default of paying a fine of 10s and coets.
The Telescriptor Syndicate. JUDGMENT DELIVERED. In the Chancery Division on Tuesday, Mr Justice Buckley dismissed the application made by Mr Claude Scott, a creditor, to stay the winding-up proceedings in connection with the Telescriptor Syndicate (Limited), but while refusing the application, his lordship made suggestions for the reconstruction of the Company. Sir Joseph Lawrence and Mr Hayes Fisher had offered to secure all creditors against loss. He was glad to be able to add that there was no ground for attributing to the directors auy want of personal integrity. They had made no profit, and had. in fact, spent large sums upon the company. He ordered the applicant to pay the costs of the company. There would be no older as to the costs of the other parties.
"Here's a Health unto His Majesty." 41 4f §ALL LOYAL SUBJECTS will drink this Toast in a Bumper of • • JB BUCHAN'S RHYMNEY in a Bumper of. JB BUCHAN'S RHYMNEY lom lw Aff I KING'S ALE. | A Pure Ale Brewed only from the Finest English Malt and Hops. 1' A N k L.Y S -'S REPORT. 1 ——————— THE LABORATORY, DOCK STREET, NEWPORT, MON., 1! March 11th, 1902. I MESSRS. A. BUCHAN & Co., i ■ Dear Sirs—I hereby certify that I have analysed a sample of your "BUCHAN's RHYMNEY KINGS ALE," |' and beg to report to vou as under :— f It is a very delicate Pale Ale of sound constitution and good body, possessing a clear bright colour, ana 9 of excellent aroma. The results of my analvsis are such that I am in a position to speak most highly of Its 9 purity and general wholssomeness I am of opinion that it is a pure product of Malt and Hops. || It is free from acidity, and being clean and containing a good proportion of alcohol, its keeping | properties are undoubtedly good. | In flavour, appearance and general quality it will, in my opinion, bear favourable comparison with al'l | § first-class Pale Ales. # II I am, dear Sirs, yours faithfully, If (Signed) GEORGE R. THOMPSON, II Public Analyst for the County of Monmouth. SUPPLIED IN CASK OR BOTTLE. TERMS ON APPLICATION TO THE BREWERY. 4 "Here's a Health unto His Majesty." j
CURRENT TOPICS. THE SALE OF DEADLY POISONS. A good deal of discussion has been evoked by a recommendation of the Poisons' Committee that persons other than chemists shall be permitted to sell prepara- tions of arsenic and tobacco for agriculture and horticulture, and carbolic acid for agriculture, horticulture, and sanitation. The opposition to this proposal is based upon the experience of the Chapman case, it being suggested that the number of murders and suicides will be increased if it is made easy to obtain deadly poisons. It is further suggested that, unless the trader is subject to supervision and regulations, there would probably be mistakes. Of course the first consideration in this matter should be the welfare and convenience of the general public, who ought t,) be able to procure readily anything tli;tt is required for industrial purposes, or for sanitation. When the sale of carbolic acid was re- stricted to chemists-a course which has resulted in a large decrease in its sale for sanitary purposes—-it was never alleged that there had been mistakes on the part of the vendor. The objection was that people bought carbolic acid in order to commit suicide, but if they cannot procure carbolic acid, 'they are able to buy something else, and there are drugs in the market which are quite as deadly as carbolic acid, and much less painful in their effects. As to murders it seems scarcely likely that any- body who has made up his mind to take human life will be deterred by the require- ment that he shall foil a falsehood to a chemist. TABLE-RAPPING. I A writer, who appears to believe that I there is something more than the majority of people dream of in table-rapping, suggested that the planchetce should be resorted to in order to solve the question of the mysterious disappearance of Miss Holland." Similar considerations have occurred to the minds of people who are not sure that table-rapping is incapable of a mundane explanation. The writer referred to says that a petty theft was discovered by means of a table, but although such a dis- covery i* advantageous—if it may really be depended upon—yet there are a great many vastly more important questions which we should like the spirits to answer. They might, perhaps, tell us something which we do not know concerning the further possi- bilities of electricity, and there are several diseases, at present incurable, with regard to which it may be said that the spirits would confer a priceless boon upon j humanity if they could indicate a successful treatment. PANAMA CANAL. Many things have happened since great generals led their armies across the Alps, and instead of going over the mountains we 11 Z5 now go through them. There will soon be a choice of three routes through the Alps, and stimulated apparently by the success of these undertakings, surveyors are at work upon plans for constructing a tunnel through the Pyrenees. The task is likely to be a much easier one than that of boring through the Alps, and no doubt the engineers will derive great assistance from the experience which has already been obtained in other directions. Another scheme for removing the natural obstacles to traffic, which has long exercised the minds of engineers and politicians, seems to be at length within a measurable distance of accomplishment, by the cutting of a canal through the I ,thmus of Panama. The work is fraught with I difficulties and dangers, and there will probably be some developments which have uot been provided for, but, whatever the results may be, it is more than likely that the next few years will see the work accomplished. THE RAINFALL. I The question of the shrinkage of the I rivers Thames and Lea, is a serious one, but [ the experience is not confined to London. During the past fifteen years or so, there has been a diminution of nearly 240 millions of g.illons a day in the flow of the Thames. This may be partly accounted for by the large increase in the number of streets and houses, which cause the rainfall, which would otherwise reach the liver, to flow down the sewers. But a similar diminution, generally to a less extent, has been ex- perienced in the provinces, where it is due mainly to the fact that the rainfall of recent years has been below the average. The result has been that in some cases the local and county authorities have had to expend large sums in the construction of reservoirs, which would not have been necessary if the average rainfall of a few years ago had been maintained. OLD-AGE PENSIONS. I It is frequently remarked that we are within a measurable distance of old age pensions, but, if that is so, there is one point which seems likely to be forgotten, although it is important that it shall be borne in mind. Most of the schemes for old age pensions provide that the person desiring a pension shall claim it in forma. pauperis. If that is the requirement, the least deserving people will have no hesita- tion in claiming, whUe those who most deserve consideration will be no more likely to apply for a pension than they are to ask for the present out-door relief. The I resuli will be that they will have to do Wh'lt they do now—starve. You cannot alter the character of out-relief by calling it an old age pension, and if self-respecting people are required to prove their poverty to the satisfaction of the Guardians or some other authority, they will, in the majority of cases, leave the pensions alone. THE ACTION-EDMONDSON V. RUNDLE. We have no opinion whatever as to the merits of the action Edmondson v. Rundle and others, but whether or not the plainti ff was harshly treated, it is an extraordinary anomaly that the time of one of his Majesty's judges, a special jury, and a large number of other people, should have been occupied with the trial of a question which has been settled long ago by the English Courts, In this case, the plaintiff, an ex-sergeant-major in the Imperial Yeomanry, sought to recover damages from Major-General Sir Leslie Rundle, and other officers, for the way in which he was treated while on active service in South Africa. As Mr Justice Lawrence pointed out, "it would be contrary to every principle of public policy that the orders of persons in command while war was raging should be investigated in Courts of Justice." No doubt many officers, non-commissioned officers, and men, have suffered in South Africa from the hard necessities of war, and possibly in some instances from flagrant injustice. Such things will happen so long as human nature remains what it is, but if the conduct of commanding officers were liable to be reviewed in the Civil Courts, at the instance of subordinates, there would, in that case, be an end of all discipline. But, even if one takos a diffierent view on moral grounds, there is still the fact that the point has been decided, and It is of no use trying to go against the law when it has been clearly defined.
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