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IA Satisfactory Ending.

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I A Satisfactory Ending. The glad tidings of peace, so long in coming, have been received with rejoicing throughout the Empire. Like the war itself, the discussions between Lord Milner, Lord Kitchener, and the Boer leaders, were long and tedious, extending over several weeks, but on Sunday the Government were able to announce their successful con- clusion, and on Monday statements were made in both Houses of Parliament as regards the terms upon which the Boers have agreed to surrender. The war, which has lasted two years and eight months, and has involved immense sacrifices on both sides. is thus at an end, and its conclusion will remove a load of anxiety in thousands of homes in this country, in South Africa, and in the Colonies. The peril which has been hanging over the absent father or brother is at last at an end, nor shall we forget the heroic dead, the many thousands who have laid down their lives in this pro- tracted struggle. There was never any doubt but that our armies would bring the war to a successful conclusion, even in the dark days of Magersfontein, Stormberg, Colenso, and Spion Kop. I THE BRILLIANT ACHIEVEMENTS of Lord Roberts. culminating in the occupa- tion of Pretoria made that clear. But two year; have passed since then, during which Lord Kitchener and the forces under his command have been engaged in the trying and wearis ne ordeal of wearing down the Boer comm itidoes. To the Army we owe a debt of gratitude, shared with admiration of the infinite patience, courage, and humanity, which the Commauder-iu-Chief and the troops have displayed in the fulfilment of their task. None, too, will withhold that respect which the Boers have won, by the steadfast and heroic devotion to their cause. It was little supposed that the two small Republics would be able to hold out for nearly three years against the combined forces of the Empire, and that they have done so is proof that they possess the qualities of ,'courage and endurance in the highest degree. The universal desire that they should be generously dealt with is fully reflected in THE TERMS OF SETTLEMENT, I which. whilst securing that for which we have fought, are generous to the Burghers. Broadly speaking they are the Middleburg terms of last year, but the financial aid to be given to the Boers is to be increased to a gift of £ 3,000,000, and, in addition, loans are to be granted free of interest, for re- stocking farms. There is to be a general surrender both of men and arms, and recognition of British Sovereignty. Prisoners will be brought back on taking the oath of allegiance, and there are to be no vindictive punishments. The Dutch language will be taught in the Schools, and allowed in the Courts but English will be the official language, and arms will only be allowed for personal protection under licence. The banishment proclamation is to be allowed to lapse, and the Cape rebels are to be dealt with under Colonial law. The rank and file will be disfranchised for life, whilst the leaders will be liable to stand their trial for high treason, but in no case will the death penalty be inflicted. These conditions are not only satisfactory in themselves, but the fact that they have been formally agreed to by the recognised leaders of the ex-Republics, constitutes a Regular Peace" which is likely to be much MORE ENDURING AND SATISFACTORY I than a conclusion arrived at simply by the process of attrition. Some may be sullen and irreconciliablo, but the formal con- clusion of Peace precludes the possibility of some popular leaders declaring that the Boer forces were never beaten, or surren- dered their right to resume the struggle. The settlement, or agreement, or whatever it may be called, is a clear, final, and definite record that never again is there to be such a struggle as has devastated South Africa for the past two or three years. That is the chief point for which the coun- try will look for security on the terms of settlement, and this being assured, there will be nothing but goodwill, and an earnest desire that the bitterness of the past will give way to better feelings, and that both British and Dutch will join in promoting concord aud the future prosperity of South Africa.

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jURBAN DISTRICT COUNCIL.1

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