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PUBLIC MEN ON PUBLIC MATTERS. MR. CHAMBERLAIN DEFENDS THE GOVERNMENT. Mr. Chamberlain addressed a great Unionist meeting in the Waverley Market, Edinburgh, on October 25. Alluding to recent attacks on the Government, he advised the critics to cease their wholesale revilings, and to consider what wa.s the cause of their own failure to influence the country. He commented on the relations between the Liberal Opposition and the Irish Nationalist party as dangerous to the Empire and paralysing to themselves. He did not expect any assistance from the opposition in dealing with Irish rowdyism and obstruction; but the Government proposed to alter the arrangements of the House of Commons so as to enable its business to be done better and to have a greater control over the men who tried to degrade it. Mr. Chamber- lain proceeded to contend that the war in South Africa; had been forced on this country by the action of the Boers; that it was just and necessary, and could not have been avoided; that the terms offered to the Boers were more liberal than had ever before been tendered to a beaten foe, and that, as they had been refused, the struggle must be carried on to the end and a settle- ment attained which would render impossible a recurrence of the danger from which we had escaped. The Government, he admitted, were mis- taken about the duration of the war, but so was everybody else. The Government had given our commanders everything they asked for in the way of troops, supplies, and reinforcements. He thought the time was coming when measures of greater severity might be adopted, but the Govern- ment would rather be blamed for being too slow than too fast in that respect. The present outlook was favourable, and in the military situation there was no cause for anxiety. Responding to a vote of thanks, Mr. Chamberlain expressed the hope that when the war was over the Government would be able to take up pressing social questions. SIR H. CAMPBELL-BANNERMAN AT STIRLING. Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman, speaking at Stir- ling on October 25, asserted the right of freedom of thought and action for all sections of the Liberal party. In reference to the war, tho, man- agement of it by the present Government had never been equalled "Outside the region of opera, bouffc. The war was brought about by the bully- ing and hectoring spirit of the British despatches, which inspired suspicion in the minds of the Boers, and its continuance was weakening and prejudic- ing our interests in every part of the world. lie was still in favour of Home Rule, as it was the only way to get rid of the grievances of Ireland. He deplored the recent utterances of Irish mem- bers, but they were the outcome of the condition of affairs in that country. MR. WALTER LONG ON BULLER. Mr. Walter Long, President of the Local Government Board, speaking on October 25 at the Liverpool Conservative Club, said, in reference to the dismissal of Sir R. Buller from the Aldershot command, that there was no foundation for the statement that the Government seized on Sir It Buller's speech as an excuse to get out of a wrong appointment. They were prepared to defend General Buller's appointment on the grounds of policy and justice. His dismissal was solely because his recent speech was sub- versive of military discipline. Earnest, and even agonised, consideration had been ex- tended to the case, and the Cabinet unanimously supported the Commander-in-Chief in the matter. The Commander-in-Chief had given most careful examination to the circumstances, and every opportunity was afforded to make explanations. A man possessing traditional British qualities in a greater degree than General Buller probably never wore the King's uniform, but a greater mis- take than his no soldier could have made. The Secretaiy for War tok the only course possible in tthe circumstances, and it was unfair and un- English to make the charges that had been made against Mr. Brodrick in this matter. THE DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE AT LIVERPOOL. j The Duke of Devonshire, acknowledging at Liverpool, on October 26, an address from the local Liberal Unionist Association, challenged Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman's allegation that the country generally was ignorant that the terms offered to the Boers would place them ultimately, and as soon as possible, in the position of self- governing colonies. The duke urged the necessity of maintaining the Liberal Unionist organisation, which existed to uphold certain definite principles. The idea of the Liberal Imperialists that there could be organisation of the Liberal party on the basis of toleration in regard to Imperial issues in consideration of a supposed agreement on domestic questions was, he held, impossible of realisation. In the afternoon the duke opened a new Central Technical School, and delivered an address, in which he dwelt on the great difficulties surround- ing the problem of the organisation of education, and said that the only means by which those diffi- culties could be surmounted was the development of a strong public conviction of the importance of education itself-a conviction of which at present he was unable to discover the existence. MR. CHAMBERLAIN IN MIDLOTHIAN. Mr. Chamberlain was on October 26 presented at Newhailes, Mid Lothian, with an address from a local Miners' Unionist Association. In respond- ing, he referred to the Workmen's Compensation Act, and to the responsibilities which rest on the working-class electorate. He observed that in his speech at Stirling on the previous evening Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman had said he was blushing for the nation. He had no objection to Sir Henry's blushing on his own account, but entirely denied that he had any right to speak for the nation, which could speak for itself, and when it did so would not speak as a pro-Boer or a Little Englander. SIR E. GREY AND LORD NEWTON ON BULLER. Sir E. Grey, M.P., speaking on October 26, at Glanton, Northumberland, said it was very strange that Sir Redvers Buller should have been relieved of the command that was given him so recently. He must have been considered competent at first, otherwise he would not have received the com- mand. Lord Newton, speaking at a Conservative meeting, at Newton, said he had no doubt the Secretary for War had acted with perfect pro- priety in General Buller's case. What surprised him was not that General Buller should have been deprived of his command for the speech he had delivered, but that he should ever have been given the command of the First Army Corps at all. A TOO CRITICAL PEOPLE. The Duke of Cambridge opened on October 26 a new drill hall at Hendon, and in presenting medals to a number of Volunteers returned from South Africa congratulated them on the loyalty of their sentiments to their King, Queen, and country. After having declared the hall open, his Royal Highness said the country had behaved nobly throughout the war, and had loyally answered the calls which had been necessary. People had been led by the war to take a lively interest in military arrangements, and a military spirit had been aroused. They had been told once or twice that the war had come to an end he wished to goodness it had, but he wished, too, that people would not say the war was finished when it was not finished. The sooner the fighting was endod the better, but they must, nevertheless, recognise that it produced a feeling in the nation which lie hoped would last for years and years to eome. The gallantry of the English soldiers Was as great as ever, and though there had been reverses, he hoped they would not be too severely criticised by those who sat comfortably at home. They as a people were too critical, and they were not always satisfied with finding fault in the right place. He only wished he had been young enough himself to have gone out to the front, but those good davs for him ware gone. THE CHURCH AND CORPORATE LIFE. Mr. Asquith, speaking on October 29 at a thanksgiving service at Lyndhurst-road Congre- gational Church, Hampstead, said he did not wish to see the Church descend into the political arena, but he did wish to see the Church, in all its branches, taking e more sympathetic part in the municipal side of our corporate life. They wanted to bring the municipalities, the churches, and the various philanthropic agencies of each locality into co-operation one with another. A HUMANE WAR. Mr. Chamberlain, speaking on October 29 at Cupar Railway Station in acknowledgment of an address, said that no war in the history of the world had ever been conducted with greater humanity than that now being waged in South Africa. He believed it would have been over long before now but for the action of misguided persons in this country who led the Boers to believe that Great Britain would grow tired of the struggle. The nation and the Government, however, would not abate a jot of their resolution, and would not lay down their arms till there was no doubt of the future of South Africa under the British flag. Speaking later the same day at a meeting held in Edinburgh to inaugurate the Scottish branch of the Colonial Nursing Associa- tion, Mr. Chamberlain said there was one sense in which they were all Imperialists. There was no one who was not proud of what their countrymen had done in carrying civilization, order, justice, and religion to the distant corners of the earth.















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