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FIELD AND FARM. 1

GARDE KING- GOSSIP. I

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-CARNEGIE TRUST. j

EMINENT SURGEON'S SAD DEATH-

THE EXPEDITION AGAINST THEI…

WAR OFFICE REFORM. I

TO EXTERMINATE MALARIA. j

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TO EXTERMINATE MALARIA. j Major Ronald Ross, who has already rendered great service in establishing the connection between mosquito-bite and malarial fever, is starting for the West Coast of Africa on the fifth expedition that has been sent out by the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. Major Ross, who was the chief guest at a dinner given by Mr. A. L. Jones, given the other day in celebration of the expedition, told a Daily Mail representative that the primary object of the ex- pedition is to determine without a doubt the theory of the propagation of malaria by means of the bite of the anopheles mosquito, and to demonstrate that the discoveries made recently may be applied in a practical way to exterminate the disease in any given area. We have already discovered," said Major Ross, "two valuable facts concerning the mosquito. One is that it propagates itself under conditions easily ascertainable namely, lays its eggs in pools, where the larvcs, when hatched, may feed on more minute organisms of stagnant water; and another is that it is incapable of flight over anything like a great dist. nee." Microscopical investigation has proved that if the bite of a mosquito of this species be inflicted upon a person suffering from malaria the partially developed germs of the disease existing in such person's blood find in the stomach of the in- sect a habitat congenial to their full development, that in the cause of a very brief time they reach full maturity and throw off spores, that the spores pass into the system of the insect, and so into the matter which it exudes from its" lance" when it pierces the skin, and that by this means a healthy person bitten by an infected insect is inoculated with the deadly germs. One of our most important experiments will be the preparation of a malaria-haunted district in the dry season by poisoning or filling up all breeding places of the anopheles mosquito within a given area. This, if effectively carried out-and the ex- pedition will in that respect have the good offices of the Colonial Office-should banish the insect from that area. Should malaria vanish with the anopheles, or be very materially diminished, that would be good prima-facie evidence not only that the anopheles theory is true, but that it will be possible to render certain spots in West Africa immune from the scourge, and therefore under proper sanitary super- vision safely habitable by white men."

POOR ACCOUNTS FOR MAY. I

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ART AND LITERATURE. 1

THE KING AND THE ROYAL ,AGRICULTURAL…

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