Hide Articles List

22 articles on this Page








I IAitt ;Ii

! Forgiving Murderer. I

!Markets. -.;I

Lady Llangattock and Open…

[No title]



CURRENT TOPICS, VOLTTXREER BEVIBW. The Prince of Wales is to be present at a great Volunteer Review on the Horse Guards Parade, on Saturday, the 8th of July. The War Office has decided that only Volunteer Corps of the London District may take part in the proceedings, but it is nevertheless expected that from twentv-seven to twenty-eight thousand men will be present. Stands have been erected for the accommodation of the members of the Houses of Parliament, and ober privileged spectators. Only fine weather is needed to ensure a really grand and imposing review, such as is too seldom seen in this country. The present year is the fortieth anniversary of the first enrolment of Volunteers in their present formation. When the movement commenced there were not wanting those who predicted that it was a national craze which would soon pass away. At the outset the Volunteers had to provide their own uniforms, accoutrements, and arms, as well as fiud military instruotors-all at their own expense. '\Vh"ln they had done this, the State would graciously accept their services, and for a long time the Volunteers received neither gratitude nor encouragement from the military authorities. When the War Office at last conceived the idea that something better might, be done a steady improvement set in, and no one would now deny that the Volunteers form a useful and most important factor in our means of national defence. THE HEIB TO THE COBURG THRONE. I It has been definitely settled that the youbhful Duke of Albany is to be the heir to the throne of Coburg. When Prince Alfred died, the Duke of Connaught announced that he and bis "house" would take up the duties which devolved upon him in the succession. The announcement was received with some surprise in this country where the Duke is one of the most popular members of the Royaot Family. But he seems to have taken this course only in the interests of his son, who, however, quickly showed the greatest reluatance to leave Eton and give up his prospects of a British career, in order to become a German princelet. This became known to the people of Coburg and Gotha, who resented the idea that their throne was going a-begging, and manifested their dissatisfaction with this indefinite state of things. It is now arranged that the succession will pass to the Duke of Albany, who is fifteen years of age this month. He will become competent to reign when he is eighteen, and he will at once leave for Germany, where he will complete his education and enter the German Army. RESTORING SALMON TO THE THAMES. I The Thames Salmon Association has been formed with the object of restoring the king of fish to London's river. It was once a notable salmon stream, but that was long ago. and it is believed the last specimen was caught in 1821. About 35 years ago an attempt was made to reintroduce the salmon, but that was when the Thames was at its worst. as regards foulnesf, from chemicals and refuse, and the experiment, failed. But of late years the condition of the river has been much improved by more stringent regulations, and large quantities of salt water and fresh-water fish have re-appeared in the tidal reaches. It is therefore thought that it may be possible to once more make the Thames a salmon river. Tha Association at any rate propose to carry out a series of experiments, and a meeting was held the other day, under the presidency of the Lord Mayor of London, to promote this object. Arrangements will be made to establish hatcheries for rearing and turning the fish into the river near the tideway, when they are old enough to go to the sea. These operations are to be continued for five years, in the hope that the salmon will be able to make the journey down the river. As a rule salmon in returning from the salt water always make for the river where they were produced. This has long been questioned and doubtej, but repeated experiments with marked fish seem to prove this beyond all dispute. The difficulty with regard to the locks on the Thames would be overcome by the construction of ladders or passes. Whether these new experiments are altogether in the interests of the general body of anglers, is open to question. The Thames is free to anglers for some 30 miles beyond London Bridge, but if salmon again take to the river the Upper reaches would soon be closed to the public by claims for exclusive fishing rights. SCARCITY OF FlWIT. I The fruit crop in almost all its varieties is a failure in many parts of the country this year. It is much the same all over Europe, which is a good thing for the British grower, as, though his crops are scanty, he is getting the benefit of much higher prices. The consumer has no such consolation, and summer fruit promise,3 to be both dear and scarce this season. It is a pity, as it seems to be a fact that the British production of fruit is increasing largely, and,| at the same time, improving in quality and selections. The French Fruit Trader3, it appears, are becoming alarmed at the permanent aud increas- ing competition of British growers. There is no doubt that the industry only wants energy and attention to make it a flourishing one in this country. Unfortunately we do not take the pains with it as is the case in other countries. Canada has made a special study of fruit growing, and we see the result in the enormous quantities of apples and other produce which come over, and are sold here at the highest prices. There are a number of experimental farms in Canada, and experts have ransacked every part of the world for the best varieties of all kinds of fruits. Thus, for instance, some six or seven hundred varieties of apples were being tested in the orchards last year, and it is the same with strawberries, plums, gooseberries, all of which are being studied for their productiveness and adaptability to the sail and climate. It is not the custom in this country for the Government to undertake work of this kind, but it might be done by some central organisation with the greatest advantage to our agriculturalists. I HOW MILLIONS ABE MADB." I Mr. Andrew Carnegie explains How Millions are Made in an article in the first number of the Daily News Weekly. He believes the greatest of all advantages with which to begin life, is that of being poor. If one is brought up in the midst of a parent's struggle with adversity, so much the better, as an early ambition to help in driving the wolf from the door is one of the strongest incentives which lead to success. Mr. Carnegie, as is well known, was born sixty-two years ago in Dunfermline, in Scotland, but in his eleventh year he went to Pittsburg in the United States with his parents. He went to school there for two years, and commenced life in 1850 as a boy attendant at a small stationary engine. Afterwards he worked his way up in the telegraph and railway services, and turned his attention to a new system of sleeping cars, and to certain oil mills. Finally with considerable capital at his back, Mr. Carnegie joined others in starting the great iron and steel works at Pittsburg, which have long acquired a world-wide reputation as the leading concern in the industry. It has brought immense wealth to lfr. Carnegie, who is said to be worth as much as 30 or 40 millious sterling. He has always been very generous with his money in works of philanthropy, and quite recently announced that he intended to devote the great bulk of his wealth to such objects in this country. HOW TO ACQUIRE LONGEVITY. There are some classes of persons that live much longer than others. Clergymen for instance are thelongest lived of any. while publicans are at the other end of the list. There is no doubt that the mind has a good deal to do with length of years. A placid temperament is almost an essential condition to longevity. Unfortunately many of the chief characteristics in favour of the centenarian are outside our control. It is all important to be "of spare habit" which is constitutional-of medium height, which is proverbially a matter of unalterable destiny, and one's family must also have contracted the habit of living to eighty or ninety. There are many contributory conditions, which, if we like, we can arrange for ourselves in living a healthy and intellectual life. j THE INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S COGRBS8. IThe proceedings at the International Women's Congress have been greatly hampered by the ovircrowdiu- of the subjects discussed. So many delegates were invited to read papers that only ten minutes could be allowed to each. This was quite inadequate for the proper treatment of most of the subjects under discussion, especially as none of the delegates had prepared their discourse with any such limitation of time in view. The range of q uestions in which women are taking an active part might be said to cover the whole field of human endeavour. Education, prison reform, the labour question, women ill the arts, on the stage, and iu the professions, are but a few of the subjects that were discussed. Unfortunately, the value of most of the meetings was destroyed by the tea minutes rule, and the time was thus frittered away without any definite or useful results. On many subjects it was only possible to caf-ch the general drift of opinion. Ou the question of the suffrage, it was of course a foregone conclusion, as Lord Halsbury would say, as everyone in his senses might have known. There is a difference of opinion between the two Houses of Parliament on the question of womeu in municipal affairs, and the Lord Chancellor made it clear that he is one of those who believe that woman must change her nature and disposition before she can be fitted to take part in public affairs. The Lord Chancellor ts supposed to be the keeper of the Queen's conscience, and it would be interesting to know what Her Majesty thinks of the opinions. '<-

The Unrest in Europe.

-Proposed Appeal to Earl Cawdor.

Monmouthshire Assizes.


I lluntrissent.