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ART AND LITERATURE. SIR ARCHIBALD HAMILTON DUNBAR has prepared ft revised chronology of Scottish History frem 1005 to 1625, with notices of the principal events, pedigrees, Church calendars, and dther information highly useful to students. Over 5000 references to authori- ties are added, there are four. maps and an index. The book will be called Scottish Kings," and will be issued by Mr. David Douglas. A FEW weeks ago a Leeds policeman got a painting accepted (though not hung) at the Royal Academy. Now it is announced that Mr. Balfour has granted a pension of E40. per annum out of the Civil List Fund to Charles Assheton, ex-policeman. Assheton was a policeman in the Merionethshire force. During his spare time he turned his attention to literature, taught himself Latin and kindred subjects, and pub- lished many books of exceptional merit. He won numerous prizes at the Eisteddfodau, wrote an ex- cellent history of Welsh literature, and is now en- gaged on a Welsh bibliograph. He retired from the force some time ago. THE panel which has been painted by Mr. Ernest Crofts as one of the series of mural decorations in the Royal Exchange in London has just been fixed in the place it is to occupy permanently. It represents The Opening of the First Royal Exchange by Queen Elizabeth," and is a gift from the Mercers- Company. This is the seventh of the paintings that have been commissioned, and an eight is still in pro- gress. It is to be hoped that opportunity may soon be given for the completion of the remaining panel*. MR. G. F. WATTS, who is now in his 83rd year, constantly exposes his canvases to the full rays of the sun, to let the light burn into the wet paint and dry with it. He believes there need be no fear of fading after a process that so severely tests the colours. Mr. Watts uses no maulstick, his brushes are of a great size and hardness, and he has always been more fond of stippling than of delicate brush work, often pounding the colour into his canvas to insure permanence. He has rarely worked directly from the living model, but modelled fragmentary studies in wax and clay for the particular parts of the figure required in hii picture. MUSICALLY, at least, Massenet is the man of the hour, by reason of his new opera, Ceadrillon," just produced in Paris. It is of the romantic school, or, as the French prefer to call it, a fairy tale." The composer himself is a bit of a fairy tale. He is the son of an old engineer officer of Napoleon's, who would have nothing to do with:a Bourbon, but Bet up as a blacksmith at St. Etienne. and in the wholesome atmosphere of the forge became the father of 21 children, of whom the author of Cendrillon is the youngest. With Massenet music was a vocation from infancy. At 21 he carried off the Prix de Rome, began composing out of hand, and has gone on ever since. FOR the first number of the Anglo-Saxon mamzine, Lady Randolph Churchill has been able to Secure some distinguished contributors. Lord Rosebery is represented by an essay, the Duchess of Devonshii* is to edit a selection from the letters of Georgians Duchess of Devonshire, a poetical drama is pro- mised from John Oliver Hobbes, a poem from Mr. Swinburne, and contributions are also to come from Slatin Pasha and Mr. Whitelaw Reid. Portrait illustrations, including the Queen, Lady Mary Wortley Montague, and Mary Sidney Countess oi Pembroke will be a feature of the number. THE summer exhibition of the Dudley Gallery Art Society is not marked by any narticular originality, and has no novel features by which it can be distin- guished from the previous shows under the same management. As a collection that includes a fail amount of sincere effort, mixed with a great deal that is futile and incompetent it deserves credit for a certain degree of good intention; but it is hardly of a character to awake enthusiasm. The best contri- butions are those of Miss Bernard, Mr. Donne, Mr. George Marks, Mr. Albert Stevens, and Mr. W. Nichols, who, in their various ways, work with excellent capacity, and with real appreciation of the obligations imposed upon them by the pursuit of the artist's profession; but the bulk of the exhibits betray the tentativeness of the amateur. PROFESSOR SAINSBURY, whose critical methods art once more being discussed apropos of his newly- published monograph on Matthew Arnold, has had rather a varied career. He was born 54 years ago in Southampton. He received his education at King's College, London, and Merton College, Oxford. Aftw leaving the University he received a post as junior assistant master at the Manchester Grammar gSchoot He remained three two terms, and then took the Senior ^Classical Mastership at the Elizabethan College, Guernsey, and a few years later he became headmaster of the Elgin Educational Institute. In 1876 he joined the ranks of the London journalists, and for a number of years he was a Saturday Re- viewer in the old slashing days. He was appointed Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature at Edino burgh in 1895. Two new serial stories-viz., "The Three Witchea," by Mrs. Molesworth, and "River and Forest" by Edward S. EllIs-are commenced in the July parfc of Little Folks. A painting-book containing numerous pictures in colours and copies for painting is pre- sented with this part. Mrs. Clement K. Shorler-);lu written a short story for Cas&elCs Magazine. It is called The Other Woman's Child," and appears in the July part. A NEW serial-story commences in the July number of the Quiver from the pen of Miss Cornwall Legh, the author of A Hard Master," The Steep Ascent," and other well-known works. The story is entitled Love-Light," and is illustrated by Mr. Fred Pegram. MR. HAL HURST'S collection of pictures and draw- ings, which is being shown at the Modern Gallery in London, would be astonishing simply as a record of indefatigable industry, even if it were without artistic interest. But it happens to be very attrac- tive in its technical qualities, and shows an extraordinary amount of resource and inge- nuity on the artist's part. He appears as a man of many styles and methods, an accomplished executant afraid of no task that gives the promise of pleasant results, and with an imagination so fertile tnat he can treat freshly and quaintly almost any subject that presents itself to him. More than 200 of his productions are hung in the gallery; and among these are drawings for. illustration, de- corative designs, fanciful notes of colour or incident, studies of dramatic motives, portraits, and somt posters with particular charm of manner. All art in one way or another worthy of praise and of thf respect of everyone who enjoys true versatility. THE news that the Council of the Royal Academy has (says the Globe) decided on an enlargement of its galleries is calculated to excite rather qualified satis- faction. The intention to provide better accommoda- tion for sculpture is entirely to be commended, for at present the space allotted to the display of examples of this branch of art practice is both inadequate and unsuitable; but few people will be pleased to heai that the lecture-room, in which sculpture is now housed, is to be once again given up to pictures, No one of average judgment wants to see more can rases hung on the Academy walls, as already there is an evident difficulty in finding enough good work to fill the galleries; and the addition of another room will only have the effect of still further lowering the average merit of the annual Shows It would be more to the purpose to surrender to sculpture one of the rooms which are now assigned to pictures, and to reduce by a little 'more careful selection the number of inefficient pictorial efforts that are given a degree of publicity to which they are not entitled. In this way justice could be done to the one branch of our art which is advancing steadily and creditably, without affecting injuriously the chances of the painters whom the public want to see. But some share of the added space must be allotted to the variations on the sculptor's practice, which properly come under the heading of decora- tive design. The Academy has hitherto shown no particular sympathy for the craftsman; and it might fairly begin now to recognise hie existence it the right way.

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