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-Mr. Chamberlain on the Transvaal,

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Mr. Chamberlain on the Transvaal, Mr.Chamberlain's declaration at Birming- ham on the Transvaal question is most important, and it has the merit of being temperate, but firm. It embodies, we think, the views of most people of common sense. There can be no doubt as to the unanimity of the Cabinet, or as to the direction Public Opinion trends. The differences between this country and Mr. Kruger are perfectly well defined. There is no doubt as to what it is all about. THE HONOUR OF THIS COUNTRY is at stake, and must be upheld at all cost; our existence as a nation demands it. These are not times in which we can afford to trifle with our prestige, or disregard the interests of our country-men in our Colonies, or else- where. We are no advocates for war, nor are we for peace at any price, but it must always be borne in mind that there are worse evils than war, and that these evils are at present with the white man in the Transvaal. Mr. Kruger has been temporised with long enough. Indeed, forbearance seems to add to his stubbornness. Looking at the state of Helotism to which the Uit- landers have been reduced, their demands are modesty itself. All they ask for is a fair share in the REPRESENTATION, JUSTICE, PROTECTION, AND EQUALITY. It is to be hoped Mr. Kruger is too astute a man to bend the bow to breaking point. It may be he is trying to drive a hard bargain, but prefers half a loaf to nil. We don't want the Transvaal, but we want a measure of Justice and Reform for our countrymen who reside there, and we are going to have it, and that now. The pity is that the grim old president of the Pretorian Republic should seem so short-sighted. Looking at the resources of this country ancf his own, there can be but one result to a struggle. Is Pretoria a match for the united power of this great empire ? Sometimes we think Mr. Kruger's role is a ".try on," and that there WILL BE NO WAR. I Haggling enough there may be for a while, C, but peace and justice to our countrymen will ultimately be forthcoming without the aid of arms. Mr, Kruger's position, at present, is weakness itself in comparison with what it would be by the fusion of all the present discontented elements into one homogeneous whole. The condition of the white man in the Transvaal is in danger of not being realised in this country, where all things go on in the usual humdrum happy way. We can hardly believe that the condition of the white man in the Tran ;vaal is that of Helots, slaves. They bear all the burdens of the state. There is no redress to their grievances, and all attempts at resistance are met at once by the rifle and the bayonet. Of course, this state of things cannot go on for long. < THE BLOOD OF ENGLAND I could not stand it. Let us hope Mr. Kruger and the Pretorian Republic will be led to do the right thingyield to the demands of this country, without further delay con- cede to the Uitlanders immediate represent- ation, and make the measure for conferring the franchise retrospective.

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