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R THIS WEEK. IIIN, THE GARDEN. S! m In Nature's infinite book of secrecy Aj (M A little I can read.—ZRntony $ ??opoyrc. thk c Z =?, Deutzia Gracilis.—A hardy shrub is Deutzia gracilis, the white flowers of which are even more valued in the cool and cold greenhouse. The best results ensue when the plants are grown in pots from year to year. Clean the little bushes now, scrub the pots, and give a top-dressing of rich soil The Scarlet Sage.—As soon as Salvia splendens passes cut of bloom, cut it down to create the issue of young growths from the base and provide cuttings for next year's plants. If early propagation is re- quired it should be retted about a week 01 80 after cutting it down: then introduced into slight warmth and cuttings taken when it is a few inches long. Excellent results accrue if it is afforded the same treatment throughout as Chrysanthemums. It is more susceptible to frost than the Chrysanthe- mum. Ghent Azalea.—Among hardy shrubs used for greenhouse decorations in early spring, Azalea mollis is one of the most valufed. Purchase a few plants from a florist, or lift plants from your own garden now. Water after potting, and plunge the pots, in leaves until taking the first batch into the green house during the early days of January. 1111. The Rock Garden.—During Xovember is a favourable time to go through the rock garden carefully. A few groups or clumps may require replanting; others which have outgrown their allotted space may not need replanting, but the growths can be reduced readily. For the majority, a top-dressing of rich soil will be -ifflcient. -A few plants in most rock gardens, with very woolly foliage, require protection from excescive rains in winter. An effective arrangement is to fix large sheets of glass over the clumps. Ferno.Cut off one or two of the oldest fronds of the Parsley Fern, Asplenium bul- biferum, with young plants attached. Fill a shallow box or one or two pans (half-pots) with sandy soil. Lay the fronds on these, and hold them in position with small pegs of wood or stones. Shake a little fine soil over portions of the leaves. When placed in a frame or handlight, a little colony of young plants will be ready to pot off singly in the New Year. Wood Ashes for Fruit Trees-All the prunings and litter from fruit quarters should be raked together and burnt with other combustible rubbish from the garden. The ashes resulting from such fires are of great benefit for all trees and bushes, especi- ally if they can be applied in a dry state. They should b" spread over the surface soil as far as the roots extend and lightly dug in. This is the most economical method of supplying potash now. Pruning Gooseberries.—In some districts it is wise to defer the pruning of goose- i berries until the spring owing to the depre- dations of birds. Where this trouble is not serious the .work should be done as early as possible. Pruning may be done to an out- side bud when the varieties grow upright, but when they are of pendulous habit it is better to cut to an upper bud. All growths growing downwards should be shortened back and kept well clear of the soil, as the berries on these are apt to be dirty and not of much value. Also when the shoots are allowed to reach the coil it is not possible to keep the ground clean beneath the bushes. Green Manuring.—Where seed of mustard or turnip was sovi-n early in the autumn, to be dug into the soil as "green manure," the digging should be done before the end of the year in order that this may decay by the time planting begins again. Root Pruning Trees.—The root pruning of established trees, to produce fruitfulness and check gross growth is important. Per- formed properly it produces the desired re- sult. An occurrence that seldom happens ?was that of a fair-sized apple tree that made gross growth being singled out for root pruning; one-half was done in the usual manner. A gale was eXi" need shortly after, coming from the same q as that in which the roots had been p and the tree was partly blown over. If ree is root pruned, and in an exposed position, drive a peg in the ground some distance away, and stretch a strand of wire between the peg and the tree. Calcium Carbide for Vegetable Plots.-In many districts this is regarded as worthless, but on light soils a dressing early in the season on vacant ground, using Sib. or 101b. to the square rod, has proved useful in killing pests; also of benefit to whatever crop is grown the following season. Brussels Sprouts.—At this season many plants will be carrying a large number of yellow leaves which, in addition to making the plot unsightly, will, in a damp foggy period, throw off an offensive smell If these are removed and buried with other vegetable refuse thev quickly decay and form a valuable manure, while plants rid of these will develop their sprouts much more rapidly. Cauliflowers.-After this date there will be risk of serious loss among the autumn varieties of cauliflower. A good plan to adopt with those not fully developed is to cover each curd with a bunch of shavings or soft paper. This is much better than the more popular method of breaking one of the outer leaves over the head, or even tying all these outer leaves together. Better than either of these methods is to lift each with a good ball of soil, and replant in a cold frame. Lancifolium Lilies.—New bulbs should not be planted until the spring, but it is desir- able to replant crowded groups in the borders now. Rooting freely on the stems above the bulbs, Lilium speciosuni roots should be planted at least 6in. deep. Work in leaf-soil around the stations and place the bulbs in saud. Mark the positions with stakes when planting the bulbs to ensure the ground above them not being disturbed. Collecting Leaves.—Leaf-mould is such an indispensa-ble soil for many purposes in the garden that a good heap of leaves should be collected each year. Oak and beech are the best, but practically all the leaves of deciduous trees rot down into valuable material for the garden, either to dig into the ground or spread over the surface, as a mulch. The leaf heap should be turned over several times during the year; if dry, turu the garden hose on it for a few hours. < Pruning Fruit Trees.—It is essential that this work should be pushed on whenever possible. Prune all side shoots back to two or three buds. Crossed branches, which usually obstruct air and light, should be en- tirely removed. Shorten to about n third of their growth strong leading shoots, cut- ting back those of moderate strength rather lower. These remarks apply chiefly to apples, pears, and plums. Lawns.—Applications of some form of manure to a lawn every few years are de- sirable. Old decayed manure, spread thinty over the ground, ia a beneficial stimulant. If apphed now and brushed about several times during the winter, it will practically all disappear by the spring. Old potting soil run through a fine-meshed sieve is fre- quently applied to lawns in late autumn with good results. Carrots.—The sooner the latest-sown crop of carrots are pulled and put into winter quarters the better it will be for the roots and the grower. If this is much longer delayed many of the finest specimens may be expected to split badly, while the majority of the smaller roots may be worth- less. The White Trumpet Lily.—Bulbs of this are now coming into the market for sale from Japan. Use a compost of fibrous loam, adding a little leaf-mould and coarse sand. At present, only half-fill the pots with drainage and soil. covering not more than two-thirds of the bulb until growth is well advanced. Place one bulb in a 6in. pot, or a very large bulb in a 7in. wide pot, and three bulbs in 9in. and lOin. wide pots. # Pot Strawberries.—If these have not already been placed in shelter no time should be lost in putting them under cover. The practice of packing them on their sides in stacks in the open is not to be com- mended. They should be placed in a cold frame, and the pots plunged in a bed of ashes or tree leaves; placed thickly together in the frame, quite a number will go into a small space. Epiphyllums.—Belonging to the Cactus or family of succulent plants, the Epiphyllums flower regularly each year in a cool green- house. The growth is somewhat drooping, but the plants are equally beautiful in hanging baskets and pots. Use a porous soil. one-third of which may be old mortar rubble and broken bricks.




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-_-_-.. THE POULTRY YARD (flj…

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