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A LOOK ROUND. I The Smash-up. I [BY SENTINEL. "] I THE "Leagued Oppression" which JL we of the free peoples have been fighting for the last four years has dissolved like water that runneth apace. The ramshackle Empire of Austria-Hungary has simply tumbled to pieces Turkey is in a plight which is not much better, and Bullfaria is out altogether. The victory of Freedom is assured, though, until Germany has been brought to own herself beaten, it 11 is not complete. But it is high time that we should consider the. terms of peace and understand the why and wherefore of the conditions NN-Illcll be laid down. That Northern France, Belgium, and Serbia shall be completely restored ) that the Germans shall be forced to give up the parts of Knssia and Roumania which they have seized and disgorge the booty that they have taken, every- one. of course, agrees. Mr. Balfour has said quite definitely that the Ger- man colonies will not be given back, first, because the Germans have sys- tematically ill-used the natives, and. BC?.ondly, 'becausc. we cannot run the risk of their coasts being usca as bases for submarines?n future. No one would think of restoring Palestine, Armenia, and Mesopotamia to the blight and I cruelty of Turkish rule. So far all is simple and easy. But with regard to some of the other terms, there may be some people who do not understand why we should interfere. and why the proposals we shall make arc necessary to a lasting peace in Europe. There are three parts of the German Empire which we shall insist on taking away from it. One is Northern Slesvig. which is inhabited not bv Germans but by Danes. It adjoins the Danish Peninsula of Jutland, and was torn from IVnmark in the war of 1 M">-1, when the Prussians and Austria ns attacked and plundered the little king- dom. The Danes of Slesvig wish to return to their brethren, and Prussia promised to give them the chance to do so, but has. as usual, broken her promise. This wrong will be righted by the Peace. Then there is West Prussia. This was once a part of the kingdom of Poland, which was torn in kiii,(]()iii of i()i-ii III Prussia, Catherine II. of Russia, and Maria Theresa of Austria, an d aga n bv the Holy Alliance after the tail of Napoleon. But the Poles have remained a- nation, and. in the restoration of Poland, the grer-test wrong done in Europe in the lost two centuries will be righted: Finally, so far as Germany is con- cerned. we come to the question of Alsaee-Eorraine. It is sometimes said that the people of these provinces are of German blood, have German names, and speak German, and that, there- fore, Germany has a better right to them than France. The last asser- tion is not true. The people of Lorraine speak French, and the Alsatians a lan- guage which is no more German than is Flemish or Putch. Indeed, these peoples are related to the Germans as the Flemish and the Dutch are but no one would assert that the relationship gives Germany a right to Belgium or Holland. Alsace and Lorrailie. it is true, once belonged to "The Holy Homan Empire." which spread all over Central Europe and had German Emperors for the most part (though not always1. But they never belonged to Pruss ia. and only to the modern German Empire by conquest in 1871. The important fact is that their inhabitants wished to re- main French, then, and wish to become French again now. J f right is to pre- vail over might, and 1 lie principles of freedom over the sword, the cruel work of 1871 must be undone and Alsace and Lorraine go back to France. There will be no lasting peace in Europe till they dn. Tt would take too long to deal with j the oppressed peoples of Austria-Hun- j gary fully. But. in conclusion. 1 to j The elder among us remember the i splendid fight of King Victor Emanuel | I. and Garibaldi against the Austrians. who held all Northern Italy up to 1850. When the.pence was made which gave Milan. Turin and emce to the King- dom of Italy, the Austrians kopt apart of the country which was inhabited bv Italians. in order that they might have'. a frontier from which they could easily 1 (Continuui at f<x.i of next column.) {