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Girls' Intermediate School. I Distribution of Certificates An Excellent I Report. SIR ARTHUR HERBERT AND GERMAN I WAR AIMS. Th ,wuual distribution ui certificates in con- action with the Girls' County- Intermediate School, Abergavenny, took place on Thursday afternoon, the presentations being made by Lady Herbert of Coldbrook. Col W Williams (chairman of the Governors) presided, and was supported bv Sir Arthur and Lady Herbert, Rev. J. R. Phillips, lr. and Mrs. Edwin Foster, Mrs. Hiley, Mrs Jones (Lianfoist) and Miss Houliston (headmistress;. The Chairman, in opening the proceedings, said he was delighted to see Sir Arthur and Lady Herbert present. He (the Chairman) could go back to the year 1S47 and remember Sir Arthur Herbert's grandmother, the late Lady Llanover, coming with her sister, Baroness Bunsen, to open .the Cymreigyddion Hall in Tudor-stred. Lady I,lanover was very enthusiastic in Welsh matters. She used to make her servants wear the Wels.i costume but direcly, they left Llanover they changed their Welsh hats for bonnets. The education in those days was not to be compared with what it was to-day. There was only one elementary school, in Victoria-street, and the scholars had to pay 2d. or 3d. per week for their education. There was a school at the Priory and a ladifs school kept by Miss Bowrmg opposite the Cymreigyddion Hall, and which was now used as a lodging-uouse. To-day they had the Girls' County Intermediate School, the Grammar School, and hve elementary schools llesides, and they had the ad vantages of free education. It was nearly 21 years since Miss Houliston came to that school, and during thac time 590 girls had left the school and gone out into the world to take positions on the railway, on the land (and it was very nice to see them with their beautiful leggings and macintoshes— (lau,,hter), f-) the teaching profession and to various occupations. Great credit was due to Miss Houliston and lie- assistants, and it must be a great gratification to them to hear of their scholars doing well in the world. He should dearly like to see during his lifetime a hostel attached to the school. The girls not only wanted education, but looking after in the evening, and he hoped the day was not far distant when the committee would join him in trying to take a house where th y could take I lodgers I Miss Houliston s Report. &I I The girl- sang the old school song, years oti, aftef which the report of the Head- mistress was presented. Miss Houliston prefaced her report by explaining that owing to delay in receiving some of the certificates they were unable to hold the distribution last year. The report stated that the number of scholars this term was 152. Twa county minor bursars had been appointed and there were two pupil teachers and 34 girls holding free places in the 1 school. Further extensions to the school were I tnelly needed, but they could only hope for that after the war. Had it not been for the loyal help of Miss Davies and Miss Leonard, and Miss Maxwell's kindness in coming to her aid before she was appointed as her secretary, the school would not be so successful as it was now. The work this year had been exceptionally satis- factory. The report of the Royal Drawing Society's examination was "An excellent re- suit 122 pupils were sent in for the various divisions of the Royal Drawing Society's ex- amination, and of these 101 gained honours and 21 passed. N. G. Thomas obtained a kill honours certificate, and of six prizes offered by the Society in Division III. one had been obtained by C. D. Facev, an honour which had only once before Lilies to their lot. Thirty girls were presented for Grade if. of the London Institute *of Plain Needlework, and all passed, iS obtaining a very good and 12 a good certificate. A report on the work stated The freshness and imcreased condition of the garments are noticeable, showing that the scholars must have handled their work with care on all occasions. There is evidence of good teaching and of careful supervision of the scholars while at work." We may expect even better results in needlework throughout the school, for this summer Miss Greaves took a course of needlework, and gained distinctions in both theory and practical needle- work b the examination set by the Educational Handwork Association "f Constructive and | Decorative Needlework. l., i c pre!?-' iii i nar,, Five girls were entered for the preliminary examination for certificate, 19IG-I917, and four were successful. Amy Baylis gained distinction in history, and Doris Davis, K. Gee and E. J. Rawlings gained pass certificates. 32 girls were presented for Central Welsh* Board Written Examination in July, of whom 29 were candi- dates for certificates, and 27 were successful. The School was visited for the subsidiary inspection by W. Hammond Robinson, Esq., Assistant Inspector, on Oct. 10, 1916, and by Miss S. Price, Temporary Inspector, on Nov. 9, 1916. Short reports were issued by both in- spectors. Mr. Robinson's ends with the follow- ing words The School is making great pro- gress. Tone and work are very good." Miss Price's The general work of the School con- tinues to be marked by the excellent features commented upon in the last triennial report. It was understood that efforts are being made to cultivate the power of oral expression in accordance with the suggestions made during last year's inspection." The School was also visited by Mr. R. b. Hughes, H.M. Inspector of Schools, during the summer term. A practical examination in cookery was held this year by Miss Holmes Smith on March 28th. Four girls were entered and they all passed. No oral French examin ation took place this year, owing to the war, but practical examinations in geography and botany were held for the girls taking those subjects at Higher Certificate stage. Girls' War Work. The scholarships given in the School on tne result of C.W. Board Written Examination held in July have been awarded to K. M. Ferriday and K. M. Lane. The successes of the Old Girls have been as follows :—D. E. Swinnerton has obtained the B.A. Degree (3rd CI. ss Honours in History) of the University of WnLs, and is now president of the Students' Representative Council i ve Council for Aberystwyth. V. Malpas has obtained the Elementary Teachers' Certificate, with dis- tinctions in advanced botany and drawing, and a credit in ordinary drill and theoiy of teaching. Both hockey and tennis progressed steadily last year, though no outride matches were played in either owing to the war. Ag in some of the Games Club money was given (by the wish of the girls) to the School Fund for providing materials for the Red Cross. The School hockey clock, i.e., the clock won by form matches, has been handed down to III. Upper. Gymnastics, too, have improved steadily under the able tuition of Miss Sharpe, who has thrown herstlf heart and soul into her duties. She has recommended the following girls for gymnastic colours" for specially good work M. Griffiths, H. Duck, V. Day, Violet Jones. M. Evans, P. Tatham, 1. Morris, K. Lewis, and Mary H. 11. The gym- nastic colours are given on the result of each term's work if any girl receives her colours for three terms in succession she will exchange them for a gymnastic badge. Again the School, as a whole, has done its part in war work. Weekly working parties have been held for the Upper School, and the Lower School girls have been allowed to make war articles in their needlework lessons. In this way 1775 articles have been made during the year, and despatched to the Brookfield Red Cross Supply Depot. Red Cross badges have been won by Miss Leonard, Miss Playne, Miss Sharpe and Miss Greaves; and the following girls: A. Baylis, L. Coombey, D. Davis, K. Gee, K. Lane, H. Duck, E. McCarthy, G. Jackson, K. Wibberley, L, Heap and J. Gibbs. The ghls are also en- couraged to contribute Vd. a week towards a fund for buying materials for our working part} and a sum of ?i 2 was contributed during the year. This includes the proceeds of three concerts given by the girls—two within the school, and one to parents. In addition to this we received grants from the Mayor's Fund amounting to £ 3 3s., aU of which have been expended on materials for our working party. Collections have also been made for various flag days. Garden-In the late spring the Governors made a grant of 4-z towards a school garden. Miss Leonard superintended the work, most of which was done by the girls themselves. The I crop, considering the fact of the newness of the soil and the lateness of planting, has been very I .satisfactory, and we hope that another year, without these drawbacks, our success will be more conspicuous. The experiment has, at any I rate, been justified in the added interest the girls have taken in gardening. War Savings.—In Feb., 1917. owing to the .kind help volunteered by Miss Baker-Gabb, we started a War Savings Association, The amount collected from February to September is -()2 18s. 6d., and 81 War Savings Certificates haw been purchased during that time. At the end of the summer term we numbered 65 subscribers now our numbers are 82. Since last Fehruary we have collected £ 913 igs. and 985 War Savings Certificates have been bought and £ 15° was in- vested in War Bonds. In the National Week we got £ 710 18s. 6d. (Applause). My most grateful thanks are due to Miss Baker-Gabb for the help she has given me, without which I do not think I should have dared to start the Association. At the beginning of this term, in compliance with a request from the Board of Education, we collected 1tons of chestnuts. Winners 01 certificates Royal Drawing Society's Certificates .—■ Honours in Div. V. E. McCarthy, Doris Davis (and IV.), K. M. Ferriday (and pass in IV.), K. Gee, At. B. Griffiths, V. A. Maxwell, G. M. Thomas (and IV.) pass, K. M. Lane.—Honours in'Div. III. and IV. V. C. Day, C. D. Facey pass, E. H. Duck. Honours in Div. Ill D. Dean, L. M. Heap (and II.), D. Watkins (and II.), pass, E. M. Greene, Gwen. Powell, M. Allen. Hoiiours in Div. II. Enid Griffiths, Nelly Hughes, Violet Jones, B. Lewis (and I.), Elsie Lewis, D. Lloyd (pass in IV.), Iris Morgan, M. Parry, Alice Thomas, E. Vaughan (and I.) Mari Watkins (and 1.), Susy Watkins (and Prep.), D. Weeks, Hilda Williams (and I.) pass, M. Evans. Mvra Morris, Florence Williams. Honours in Div. L and Prep. D. Amyes, B. Bayham, S. Beet, G. Greatwood, Mary Hall, Evelyn Hughes, Eva Jones, Edith Lewis, K. Lewis, Gwen Powell, M. Sayce, K. Viney, Hannah Watkins. Honours in Div. I. G. Doman, N. Dorrell, Gladys Downes (pass in II.), Grace Downes, P. Devereux, M. Goodchild, R. Goat- man, E. Grenow (pass in 11.), L. Jenkins, M. Maxwell (pass in Prep.), D. Matthews, B. Mills, Ivv Morris. M. Parker, D. Perry (pass in II.), L. l'ugh, G. Rees, Blanche Watkins. Doris Wil- liams, C. Wright (pass in II.) Pass in I. M. Welch. Honours in Prep. Div. D. Hunt, V. Jenkins, Gwen Jones, Nora Jones, Renia Jones, Lily Meredith, Muriel Meredith, W. Peacock, E, Plowman, L. Prosser, B. Reynolds, Gwen Smith.Sheila Smith, Irene Thomas (pass in II.), Jessie Williams (pass in III.) pass Dora Hall. Needlework (Grade III.).—"Very Good" Certificates G. Greatwood, Eva Jones, Iris Morgan, 1. Morris, D. Perry. Good Certifi- cates Marjorie Davies, Nelly Hughes, Edith Lewis, M. Parker, A. Thomas, K. Viney, Susan Watkins, Doris Williams. Very Fair Cer- tific.i'-?: i I)arr?- 'I .ar i ?, 1 AN-cleli, tincatL-?: May Parry, Mari Watkins, M. Welch, Florence Williams. Gn:de II.—"Very Good" Certificates D. Amyes, B. Baynam, S. Beet, V. Beynon, E. Griffiths, F. Hazeldine, Evelyn Hughes, Ethel J one, Gwendoline Jones, Nora Jones, May Lewis, D. Matthews, L. Meredith, B. Mills, W. Peacock, M. Telford, II, Watkins, M. Woodford. Good Certificates 0. Clark, En a Davies, G. Doman, R. Goatman, F. James, v Jenkins, Renia Jones, Gwen. Powell, M. Sayce, G. Thomas, E. Tranter, B. Watkins. Central WMsh Board Certificates.Higher Certificate G. A. Watkins (dis. in Fr. and his.) G. M. James. Senior Certificate n. E. Davis (dis. in Fr., equivalent to Welsh Matric. and qualifying for Training Col.) K. M. Ferriday (qualifying for Training Col.); K. Gee (dis. in arith. and Fr., qualifying for T.C.) K. M. Lane -in d l?' r to (dis. in arith, ele. math., and Fr., equivalent to Welsh Matric. and qual. for T.C.) E. J. Raw- lings (qnal. for T.C.) G. M. Thomas (dis. in drawing) Junior Certificate J. N. Gibbs (dis. iu arith.), L.'M. Heap (dis. in drawing), L. Jenkins (dis. in arith.), Elsie E. Lewis (dis. in arith. and botany), D. Lloyd (dis. in botany), V. A. Maxwell (dis. in arith. and drawing), C. S. Wright (dis. in arith. and drawing) pass S. E. Barclay, L. C. Champion, E. H. Duck, E. M. Greene, L. A. Griffiths, G. L. 1. Jackson, E. A. McCartlry, Q. E. M. Phillips, Gwen. Powell, D. Price, D. Watkins, K. M. Wibberley. Form Prizes.—Form VI. G. M. Jt.mcs, G. A. Watkins. Form Va. K. M. Lane. Form V.n. H. Duck. Form IV.: G. D. Watkins. Form III. Upper: D. Dean. Iv-rm III. Lower A: Ivy Morris. Form III. L B M. Sayce. Form II K. S. Lewis. Sir Arthur Herbert's School for Gardening. After the certificates had been presented by Lady Herbert, Iir Arthur delivered an address to the scholars. He said that the school report was more than satisfactory. If it were not for the care they had bestowed oh the children by Miss Hoidiston and her assistants they would not have got these prizes. He was glad to hear that thetgirls had made over 1,700 articles for the Red Cross, and it did them much credit, but they needed to increase that quantity very much. They could not do too much. He did not think that many of them realised what this war was. They read in the papers that the Germans had lost 250,000 or 300,000. It might or might not be correct, but it was perfectly certain that our own losses had been very-heavy. Supposing they put it down at half the German losses, or 120,000 in six days. That was 20,000 a day, and it -meant that every day three times the popula- tion of Abergavenny was either killed, wounded, or taken prisoners. Therefore it was absolutely essential that they should all do whatever they could according to their abilities. He had tried to do a small job by opening a school for market gardening, which lie hoped would be a benefit to the neighbourhood, and he proposed shortly to open a second one. -\Hear, hear). Some people had called him a black-leg." He did not worry at all about what they called him. There were people who said that he had no right to go in for that sort of business. He did not know what sort of mind or what sort of logic they had. His business was to do his best according to his lights, and he thought that was one of the most serviceable things he could do in the neighbour- hood. If any of the girls liked to go to Miss Davies, who was the head of the school, she would do what she could to teach them. His object was to try to teach people in a humble way the art of gardening. He was going to start another place, and he had a good man who was going to make a speciality of seed raising. Seed raising was a technical job, and he suggested that it provided a good career as a profession. They had great places like Sutton's in other parts of the country, and there was no reason why such a place should not succeed in this neigh- bourhood, for the soil was just as good as any- where else. Intensive cultivation as practised by the French had been neglected in this country, and he hoped that the school would be a benefit to the" neighbourhood and to the country in teaching the art of intensive cultivation. The curriculum would consist of a certain amount of gardening, and he hoped they would be able to get a cow or two, some bees which had not got disease, and some pigs which people were willing to sell, so that the pupils might learn to look after a little farm of their own. He looked for- ward to the development of the scrl,.le, and he hoped they would back him up. Propaganda and German War Aims. I Referring to the war, Sir Arthur said that propaganda had been neglected in this country. In fact, there had been absolutely no proraa ganda. People were told that there was a war on, and what our war aims were, but nobody cared a jot about that. What they wanted to know was what the German war aims were. If we were beaten we should go out of existence as a nation. There had been a lot of talk as to who began the war. When he was in Norway the German Fleet were there, on the occasion of the coronation of King Hakon. A number of Norwegian officers were invited on board, and the German officers-, pointing to the big guns, said, These are for Der Tag "—the Day when Germany would go to war with England. He could tell them anecdotes without end of the way in which Germany prepared for the war. In the spring of 1913 an Austrian officer on the way home from Japan, invited by the Com- mander-in-Chief in India, General Sir O'Moore Creagh, to attend some army manoeuvres, said he had orders to go back to Austria, as the staff appointments were being arranged and he had to see what he could get, as the following year they expected to be at war. In 1914 German commercial travellers were told not to take on any contract in America after May, 1914. In 1913 he (Sir Arthur) went from Antwerp by Spa and through Luxemburg to Trier, in Germany, where he saw thousands of troops and horses. He could not make out what the concentration of troops on the Belgian frontier meant, but the Germans were evidently in the autumn of 1913 planning the invasion of Belgium. The Germans were quite prepared for the war, and the murder of the Austrian archduke was simply an incident which provided the opportune moment. They had read, lately, that the miners had said that they did nctt wish to be combed cut. He did not- helieve a word of it. He did not think that the miners were any better or any worse than other people, but he did think that they did not understand anything at all about the war. What the war meant had never been put to them in a proper way. Certain people talked about the I. f. 1..d' 1, d. "d 1 11 t right of individuals. The individual could not have the right to do as lie liked when we were up against such a proposition as we were to-day. In Germany the people behaved like machines. f He was perfectly certain that the miners were j sensible men, and that they would act sensibly if thev were told what the German war aims were and what would be the effect of a German victory. By means of a canal running from Emden the Germans had connected up the Danube and tilt Rhine, and they could send a 2,ooo-ton boat from the sea at Emden to come out at Constantinople in the Black Sea. They could do exactly the same thing in the Kiel canal. Our position in the Mediterranean would be nil, and we should be wiped out. Then, again, the Germans held the whole of the Baltic, and they wished to restore the Baltic to the position it was in Hanseatic times and to gain control over the whole of Norway. Finland was to be under the aegis of Germany, and certain territories were ceded to her. Therefore Ger- many's control existed right to the Arctic Sea and the ice-free ports there, and that meant that tlicy could keep submarines which would be a menace to the whole of our trade in the north. If these points were explained to the miners, or others, they would see the sense of it and tliey would see that they had to sink their individu- ality and become part of a machine. Everyone must do all they could to help, on the war, whether by means of Red Cross or other work. (Applause). A vote of thanks was accorded Sir Arthur and Lady Herbert, on the proposition of Mr. Edwin Foster, seconded by the Rev. J. R. Phillips, and Sir Arthur Herbert briefly responded.

———q_—— I Crickhowell Board…

IABERGAVENNY IRURAL DISTRICT…

Abergavenny County Court.

LOCAL FOOD CONTROL.

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