GERMAN FAILURE IN ATTACKS NORTH OF THE SOMME. BWTISH REGAIN POSITIONS. The following Teports from Sir Douglas Hate have been issued by the Preisa Bureau Saturday, 11.17 a.m- Kbrth of the Somme heavy fighting con. t&iukd along tl-se whole front gduth of Ayette until late yesterday evening. The enemy constantly attacked in considerable strength, but with no further success than had attended his efforts during the morn- infr foeal fighting also took place yesterday afternoon south of the Somme, in the neighbourhood of Han-ard. We improved our- position somewhat by a counter-attack. Saturday, 8.7 p.m. To-day infantry action on the battle front tiM been confined to local fighting in the fiefeiifcourhood of ATeluy Wood, north of Albert, without change t in the situation, and to engagements oetween small bodied of troops at diflferent points. Hostile artillery continues to be active. At least ten German divisions are known to -6ave been engaged in the enemy's un- successful attacks yesterday north of the Somme, and fighting was very active on many parts of this front 86 far north as Bucquoy. ENEMY ATTACKS REPULSED. I Sunday, 10.2 a.m. Counter-attacks carried out by us yester- day successfully re-established our former posiqbns in Aveluy Wood, and resulted in the capture of over 120 prkoners and several maoliine-gu ns. Later in the day the enemy again attacked our positions opposite Albert, but was repulsed, and another attack attempted earfor in the night south of Uebutenie was OOtHpietelv broken up by our artillery fire. By a successful miaor operation carried J oat py us early this morning south of the River Somme we improved our position and captured forty prisoners. GERMAN PRISONERS TAKEN. I Sunday, 7.53 p.m. The successful minor operation under- taken by us this morning south of the Somme ?ed to sharp local fighting. The ???mv counter-attacked ?troo?y in in ettempt to regain his former positions, and* ^suffered heavy loss. The number of German prisoners token tea increased to over 140, and several ma- cbuje-guns were also oaptured by us. Tliis mornang the enemy made two afefeenpipta to deliver attacks against our posi- tions at Bucquoy, but in each case his troops were stopped and dispersed by our ublkryfire. I On the remainder of the battle front tho flay has paBSed more quietly. TROOPS ATTACKED BY AIRMEN. I Sunday night's aviation report from Sir Dotiglas Haig said:- During the morning of the 6th ictst., owing to bad weather, there was only slight aerial activity. About -noon our machines, which had been watching the enemy's movements on the battle front since dawn, reported a concentration of hostile troops south of the Somme. Large formations of our aeroplanes immediately went out in the rain and dropped over 500 bombs on the en^my s as- sembled infantry, in addition to firing some 30,000 rounds at them with their machine- guns. g11I' air fighting thirteen hostile machines were brought down and eleven others driven down out of control. Two German machines were also shot down by anti-aircraft fire. Sixteen of our machines have not yet been located. Many of these have undoubtedly made forced landings behind our lines owing to the difficulty of finding their aerodromee in the heavy rain. HEAVY GAS SHELLING. I Monday, 10.23 a.m. I We advanced our line slightly during the might on the south bank of the River Somme cast of Vaire-sous-Corbie. North of the Somme a few prisoners and a machine-gun were captured by us in the neighbourhood of Neuville-Yitasse.. The enemy's artillery has shown increased activity during the night on the whole of the British battle Front. Heavy hostile gas shelling had taken place also between Lens and the La I?assee Canal and east of Ar- mentieres. Monday, 8.4 p.m. Except for hostile artiHery activity on different parts of the battle Front, and especially in the neighbourhood of Bucquoy, there is nothing of special interest to re- port. FIGHTING IN THE AIR. I Monday, o.ao p.m. On the 7th inst. visibility was good, enabling useful work to be done by our aeroplanes in co-operation with the artil- lery, but clouds prevented long-distance re- connaissance and photographic flights. Several ground targets were engaged by our low-flying aeroplanes, whose pilots dropped ten tons of bombs and fired a great many rounds, of ammunition upon hostile troops and transport on the battle Front. South of the Somme hostile aircraft were active. Six of the enemy's machines were brought down in air fighting, and nine others driven down out of control. In addi- tion two other German machines were shot down by our anti-aircraft guns. Four of our aeroplanes axe missing. During tho night five and a-'half tons of bombs were dropped by us on Douai rail- way station and on Bapaume.
LATEST SUGAR HINTS. I The Director of Sugar Distribution desires it to be clearly understood: — (a) That there is no intention in the early future to reduce the amount of weekly domestic ration of sugar (b) That in making special allotments of sugar through the Local Food Committees under the scheme for providing fruit growers with sugar for domestic preserving, no account will be taken of any sugar saved out of the weekly Tation (c) That the saving of sugar out of the domestic ration for jam-making not only does not constitute hoarding, but is a course which is eminently desirable in the public interest under existing circumstances.
QUEEN TO COMMAND W.A.A.C.s. I W ar Offi. As a mark of her Majesty's appreciation of the good services rendered by the Women 8 Army Auxiliary Corps both at home and abroad since its inauguration, and especially of the distinction which it has earned in France by its work for the armies during the recent fighting on the Western Front, the Queen has been graciously pleased to assume the position and title of Commandant-in-Chief of the Corps, which in future will bear the name of Queen Mary's Women's Army Auxiliary Corps.
STOLE COMRADES' PARCELS. j At the Guildhall, London, on Monday, Lance-Corporal Horatio Smith, forty, of the Welsh Regiment, attached to the postal eection of the Royal Engineers, was sen- fenced to three months' imprisonment for stealing a number of postal packages from the sorting department of the G.P .O. Alderman William Dunn, in sentencing Smith, said: "You have pleaded guilty to a very contemptible act-stealing parcels sent to your comrades fighting for their country.
Since the maternity allowance of X5 for each child born within the Australian Com- mon wealth came into operation on October 10, 1912, a total of more than 13,418,9W has been distributed to mo there in the rar States.
I THE GALLANT CANADIANS. I GENERAL CURRIE S THRILLING ORDER TO HIS MEN. The following inspiring order of the day, which was issued to the Canadian troops in France by their commander, Lieut.-Generad Sir A. W. Currie, on March 27, has been re- ceived ilty tho Canadian War Records Department in london:- In an endeavour to reach an immediate decision the enemy has gathered all his forces and struck a mighty blow at the British Army. Overwhelmed by sheer weight of numbers, tie British divisions in the line between the Scarpe and the Oise have -fallen back fighting hard, steady, and un dismayed. Measures have been taken successfully to meet tiiis German onslaught. The French have gathered a powerful army, commanded by a most able and trusted leader, and this army is now moving swiftly to our help, and fresh British divisions are being thrown in. The Canadians are soon to be engaged. Our motor machine-gun brigade has already played a most gallant part, and once again covered itself with glory. Looking back with pride on the unbroken record of your glorious achievements, asking you to realise th/at to-day the late of the British Empire hasgs in the balance, I place my trust in the Canadian Corps, knowing that where Canadians are engaged there can be no giving way. Under tIL orders of your devoted officers in the coming battle you will advance or fall where you stand facing the enemy. To tjiose who fall, I say, "You will not die, but step into immortality. Your mothers will not lament your fate, but will be proud to have borne such sons. Your names will i be revered for ever and ever by your grate- ful country, and God will take you unto Himself. Canadians, in this fateful hour I com- mamd yoa and I trust you to fight as you have ever fought with all your strength, with all your determination, with all your tranquil oourage. On many a hard-fought field of battle you have overcome this enemy. With God's help you shall achieve victory once more.
OVER 35,001 MEN SERVING IN EUROPE 1 jClevckmd, Ohio Monday.—Mr. Daniels, Secretary of the United States Navy, in a sjtaeeh at Cleveland, Ohio, said: The United Suites Navy has in European waters not only a force .f destroyers, but also battle- ships. cruisers. submarine tenders, gun- boats, coastguard cutters, converted yachts, tugs, and numerous vesse ls of other types for special purposes. We have furnwhec every =l'o aid which the countries allied with u? i? the war have requested. We have worked in the closest co-operation with them. Our forces have played an impor- tant part in the war against the sub- marines, and have aided materially in the marked reduction in the sinking of mer- chantmen as compared with the sinkings of a year ago, and in the no less notable in- crease in the number of submarines de- stroyed. Mr. Daniels read a letter from Vice- Admiral Sims reporting the most cordial co-operation between the British, French, Italian, and United States Navies. Con- tinuing, Mr. Daniels said: There are no less than 150 naval vessels, not including a con- siderable number of submarine chasers, operating on the other side. Over 35,000 men and offieers are now serving in Euro- pean waters. This is more than half the strength of the Navy before we entered the war. This number does not include the per- sonnel of troopships, supply vessels, armed guard, signal-men, radio-men, etc., who go into the war zone on recurring ships. Our fighting ships are self-sustaining, with the assistance of repair ships, excepting major repairs and docking. Schools and barracks have been established to house the new men, who, when trained, go aboard ships, eventu- ally relieving nucleus crews of men who are sent home to brim,, out new units. Com- manding officers are trained in the war zone, and other experienced officers are re- turned to America to command new vesse is and bring them into the war zone as quickly as possible. Ships are continually supplied with stores, provisions, spare part, and fuel. Warehouses and supply depots have been established in Europe to house supplies. Tor- pedo stations have been established abroad. Am-ple hospital facilities have been created. Aviation bases have been established in Europe, and members of the Naval Flying Corps have been for months in active ser- yioe. The first of the regular armed forces of the United States landed in France were naval aviatcfts, who arrived on June 8. Our aviators are co-operating with those of Eng- land, France, Italy, and Portugal. In com- parison with the number of men and ships engaged the losses have been gratifyingly small. Enemy submarines have sunk only two fighting units-the destroyer Jacob Jones and the converted yacht Aloedo. Four other small vessels have been lost owing to the hazard of war and the am which comes from steaming without lights or in wintry waters.—Admiralty, per Wireless Press.
GERMAN BURIAL GROUND. I It was a German officer taken in our re- capture of Ayette on April 3, when an adjutant, three company commanders, and other officers were caught in the cellars by the quick rush of our assault, who aaid the most tragic thing about the battle for which ioy-bells are being run in Germany (writes Mr. Philip Gibbs). One of our officers said to him: "You have gained a good deal of ground lately," and the German officer looked un with haunted eyes, and his answer was: "We shall want all the ground we can get to bury our dead."
GENERAL BY SELECTION. I By an Army Order, dated April 6, and just issued, promotion to the rank of general will in future be by selection. Consequently the Royal Warrant of De- oeinber 1, 1914, will be amended as to Article 69 (line six) by the substitution of the word selection for seniority."
P-100 FINE FOR OVERCHARGE. I A fine of £ 100 was imposed on a firm of Glasgow bakers on Monday for selling a lib. loaf at 2Jd. instead of 2Jd. Respon- dents said the farthing was for the wrapper. The Sheriff said if bakers were allowoo. to charge for paper they could charge any pre- posterous price.
CARROTS FOR HORSES. I The Controller of Horse Transport inti- mates that the cergal rations allowed foi horses will shortly have to be reduced, and states that in some parts of the country there are considerable quantities of car- rots which could be uaed as a supplementary diet for horses.
I BAR TO WOMAN M.P. Mass Nina Boyle, who wishes to stand as A woman s candidate at the Keighley, York- shire, by-election, has put several questions to the Home Secretary. The questions and answers are:- Whether, if it is not possible for women to stand for Parliament, it is not equally inadmissible for women to be sworn in as police, and whether it would not be possible to challenge any arrest by these women?—The questions could only be deter- mined authoritatively by court of law. Whether the Government would under- take not to enforce penalties against a re- turning officer if he accepted nomination to allow a test ?-No. Whether common law had not already gone by the board during the war, and whether it could be enforced piecemeal to I hinder the freedom of action of a certain claas of citizens?—No.
I IN LIGHTER VEIN 1 n I THOMAS JAY. ILLUSTRATED BY J. H. LUNN. i am interested in a contemporary's cam- paign against the pessimist. I rather like that question, which gets right home to our hearts, heralded by the "Daily Express." "Who's for Britain?" they ask, and I can well imagine the lusty shout from the trenches aaking for a through ticket. It is in this, the testing time of our nation, that we are all for Britain, and the waverers to the wall. It is the happy hunting-time of the pessimist, that quaint individual, that mixture of Bolo and Bolshevik, who is never happy unless he is miserable. The pessi- mist can never see the rose for the thorns.. The pessimist is the man who sees the price, while the optimist can only see the pork chop. I have met him. I have seen him in all his war-paint. I have watched him stroking his corrugated forehead and his top-storey chin, to say nothing of his second chin on the second landing. I have seen his eyes roll THE PESSIMIST. until he can hardly see his way home. He wears the look of a man who has been fighting a h i g h speed, cross cut circu- lar saw. He rolls his hands together as if washing in imaginary soap, writhing", as it were, i n his agony, or, to use a clasfffC of the street, "stewing in his own juice." The pessimist will start talking about the war. -He says he means well, but there never waa a well- meaning man who did not deserve a well- aimed kick. There is no room to-day for the gloomy fellow. Indeed, I can better put up with that other fiend, the perpetrator of practical jokes. I suppose, dear reader, it has happened to you as it has happened to the writer, that one of these well-meaning but dejected per- sons takes hold of your coat lapel and tries to tell you iust where we stand. We feel that we should like to take him by the back of the neck and show him where he is pushed. He presses his finger into your anatomy as if hw were thoughtfully but very carefully feeling for your spinal column, and then he lets go a volume of dejected talk about how the war is going. Ho indicates that we should face facts, that we should be miserable, and carry on. He even indicates that where the Boche is con- cerned we must give and take. We are pre- Eared to give—and we will jolly well see that the Hun takes it. Better to have to live- on barbed wire than give such fiends an inch. This kind of fiend catches you with your gun-bights lowered, as it were. He tells you that the old country is not only done Ut ought to be folded up and put away. He indicates tkat ruin not only stares us in the face but is making nasty, queer grimaces at us. Now, in any German city such a man would be taken by the hand, and, in severe cases, frog-marched to the nearest place with nioely-laid-out gardens, where he would be dra in a tight-fitting strait-jacket, and his tolks would be, sent. [ for. When the pesaimiat has finished telling you the gloomy facts, step back and say. Thanks, awfully, old chap, for the infor- mation you have given. As st mark of my respect hero is something for you." Then hit him with something hard right where he parts hie hair. Jump on his prostrate form, and if we all did that-if there were any more pessimists—well, they wcftiid have a sheet of glass over their faces, and they wouldn't be standing up. Great things can happen in the middle of A a great war. I notice that over two thou- sand pounds has been paid for six antique chairs. We have been developing a peculiar taste in our home decorations when such prices can be paid for ornamental things for the home. I have every respect for the old gentlemen who made theeeOlld chairs, but at a time like this, it troubles me not whether I sit down to my rationed dinner on a Queen Ann chair or a Tate sugar-box with a morning paper as serviette. I pre- sume this is a result of my early training. I date back to the Sand Floor School of In- terior Decoration. In a considerable way I am still wedded to my early ideals. I diatiuctly remember the time when upon the twalls our people used to hang, among other things, two staple oil paint- ings, a still life for the drawing-room, show- ing a dead fish on a plate, whose ambition seemed to be to indicate that it was dead- and thoroughly dead; and a pic- ture of Napoleon. with folded arms, leaning up a g a i m s t St. Htelena to kill .time. Those who could not afford 0 i I p a i ntings went in f o'r litho imitatioas of the real thing. Good, reliable old pictures they were, such as "Father at the Forge," while here and there would be a pic- HOME DECORATION. I ture of Napoleon crossing the Alps, snowing three soldiers, two plain and one coloured, while the snow was shooting down in straight dines, as if they were lumps of lgad instead of flake white. These things, I say, were part of my early education in art. And they. were sufficient* Indeed, I might even say they were more than sufficient. Along, with them I must not forget the family album, which fastened with a Dolt made of brass, like a hen-house. That album-and I daresay your family album was the same-showed pictures of old Aunt Tilly—jutit a small head with the rest of the picture blotted out with crinoline— and sitting by her side old Uncle William, wearing hia annual collar, side-whiskers. and tho old check suit. You could evidently not play any games on old Uncle William- except, perhaps, draughts or chees. They didn't mess about with old furni- ture in those days. I mean to say, they would buy old stuff on purpose. It was always well preserved, and when the win- dows were open on high occasions, such as a funeral, we could talk across to one another, but ourveicea wotdd be hoarse with beeswax. None of the -new-fangled notion* about furniture worried the old folk. They liked to have good furniture, with draweHi that would pull open without blasting or the use of the coalhammer. When I reflect on those days, I feel that if fortune had in. tended me for the maker of antiques, ) should positively and firmly refuse to maD antique furniture at all.
THE "THIN RED LINE." I "The Thin Red Line," as the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders are called in com- memoration of the stand they made at Balaclava, have a sad record of losses of their commanding officers on the battlefield. This occurred at Lucknow, Tel-el-Kebir, and Msgersfontein, while it has happened fre- quently in the present war.
The King of Montenegro, on his return to Paris, said "I am glad to be amont the inhatytants of the capital at a moment when they display such calm and smiling optim- ism." "A great deal of work; and very little pay, I believe," waa tho comment of Mr. Rooth. thc. Thames Polioe-oourt magistrate, when a woman eaid she "washed and cleaned for foreign Jews."
I BOOKS AND MAGAZINES. j I A CURIOUS EPITAPH. I The following epitaph in a Gloucestershire church is quoted by Lady Jephson in Note. of a Nomad (Hutchinson): Under a Stone Beneath this Wall Lie Several of the Saundersee. Further Particulars On the Day of Judgment. Amen. THE SILENT CLOCK TOWERS. I M. Emile Cammaorts, in a letter to the Spectator," refers to the seizure by the Ger- man. of the bells and organ pipes in the churches of Belgium. He says: It must be admitted that they keep the stroke for the last They had already takes the leather, the copper, even to the smallest fittings in the house; the wool, even to the mattresses and blankets; the bells must neces- sarily follow. The Belgians have learnt to be patient. The women are Spinning wool again, as in the good old times, on ancient and rickety spinning-wheels. The children are sleeping on mattresses filled with om news- pajjers—-German censored papers, and now the singing clock-towers and the loud-mouthed organs will cease to sing the praise of God. After meatless meals, lightless nights, coallees fims, the Belgians will have silent churches. Candles have become unobtainable, Communion wine is lacking in some places, many have to goo to church in FA-bots, and there are no fresh clothes this year for first communicants. The church was the last refuge of patriotism. Tunee* utter no words. The familiar singing of the bells and the playing of the National Anthem on the organ were the last comfort left to the people, their last breath of freedom, the Dnly voice through which the country's soul could still defy the enemy. It must be stifled, and the pipes and bells will be sent to Essen. perhaps to be converted into one of those loag- rang e guns which are bombarding Paris.. RIGHTEOUS WRATH. I There are many kinds of hate, as many kinds of fire; And some are fierce and fatal with murderous desire; And some are mean and craven, revengeful, selfish, slow, They hurt the man that holds them more than they hurt his foe. And yet there is a hatred that purifies the heart, fheanger of the better against the baser part, Against the false and wicked, against the tyrant's sword, Against the enemies of love, and all that hate the Lord. 0 cleansing indignation. 0 flame of righteous wrath, Give me a soul to see thee and follow in thy path! Save me from selfish virtue, arm me for fear- less fight, And give me strength to carry on, a soldier of the Right I —Dr. Henry Van Dyke, late United Statea Ambassador to Holland, in the "Outlook." "SAYINGS OF THE CHILDREN," I Lady Clenconner's "The Sayings of the Children (Blackwell) contains these:— Of the story of the Ark: "And it rained, and it zained, and it rained. And it never stopped off raining for forty days. Even God was soaking." One said of a flower one day: "Isn't it a lovely forgiving blue?" On death: "I think it is the name that Is so frightening, mother, I dbn't like to say it, it is so terrfble. Death," he shuddered, as he lay in bed, I wish it wasn't called that! I don't think I should mind it so much if it were called Hig. ARE DRAUGHTS DANGEROUS. I Are draughts dangerous? This is one of the many questions discussed by Dr. Ronald Camp- bell Macfie, iu his valuable and deeply inte- resting book, "The Art of Keeping Well" (CaeseH)- The civilised man (says Dr. Macfie) imagines that draughts are dangerous, and declares that moving air constitutes a draught. A draught, strictly speaking, is a concentrated current of air impinging on a localised part of the skin, and it is usually created by those who, in their fear of moving currents of air, cut them down to dangerously small dimensions. A moving current of air is in no way dangerous if it is large enough; but if it comes through the barrel of an adr-gun it is likely enough to do damage. It is the foolish people who open windows for an inch or two at the top, and let down a waterfall of cold air on bare shoulders or bald heads, who bring moving currents of air into disrepute. That kind of thing only bewilders skin and brain. Nine- tenths of the skin reports to headquarters. We are surrounded with an envelape of still, warm, wet air," while the bald head and the bare shoulders wire that they are in a cold wintry blast. What is the brain to do? The brain believes in the principle of majorities, and it gives orders to all the cutaneous blood- vessels to dilate and bring blood to the surface in order to cool the stewing body, and the cold draught, of course, abstracts heat from the dilated blood-vessels, and may thus cause rheumatism and set up a nasal catarrh. But if the current had been of a respectable size, so as to play upon a large surface of the body, probably no harm would have resulted, for the heat-centree would have adapted heat- production and heat-loss to the new conditions. One does not find that moving currents of ail in the open are considered dangerous, and I have seen stokers come straight up from a stokehole at sea and bare their sweating chests in the sea-breeze to get cool. TO EXORCISE THE DEVIL. I It was not to make the world more Prussian that we, and still less the United States, de- scended into the arena (says Professor A. F. Pollard, hi "The Commonwealth at War"). (Longmans.) They stepped down from their peaceful Olympus because it was clear that militarism oould not be defeated by military peoples, and because the flood threatened to submerge even the Pisgahs of human progress. America has net cast its pacifism into the common cauldron of the war in order to make the whole world militarist, but to redeem it from the sword; and humanity has become one of its efforts to exorcise the devil. FROM CASTLE TO CIRCUS. I One of the many amusing anecdotes told by Lord Warwick in his "Memories of Sixty Years" is one of a meeting with Lord Qeorgo Sanger, when the famous showman visited Warwick with his circus. The sham lord" spotted" the real one, and going; up to him said, I've something here, m'lord, that is bound to interest you." He thereupon ordered a man to remove a tarpaulin from a certain bulky object, dis- playing what seemed to be in point of gilding the most gorgeous chariot I had ever seen. "D'ye recognise it, m'lord?" he asked, and I confessed that I did not. "It was your old family ooach," he told me, triumphantly. "When your father died I bourght it for a fiver, and had it gilded. I hope you. think I've done well. I admitted it was more gorgeous than when [ had known it more intimately. "But what do you do with it?" I aeked him. "Do with it?' he repeated. "Why, Lady George an' me rides in it, of course, at the end of the percession."
W.A.A.C.S IN THE GREAT BATTLE. I The Secretary of the War Office announces that the Army Council have received excel- lent reports of the behaviour of the W.A.A.C. during the recent fighting in France. One party working in the battle area were offered transport to get -to a safer locality, but they refused, and voluntarily marched fifteen miles to the place assigned to them. But before leaving the dangerous position But before leaving 0 the r!lhungry t,ioops, they fed relays of tired and hungry troops, and did all they could for their comfort, only starting on their march when they were compelled.
A new shipbuilding yard is about to be established on the Fife coast, with the I Lord-Lieutenant of the county. Sir William Robertson, as chairman. The new steamers will be standardised in all parts. I*
GREETINGS ON ANNIVERSARY OF ENTRY INTO WAR. The following telegram has been sent by the King to the President of the United States:— On the occasion of the anniversary of the momentous decision of. the United States to enter this war for the safeguarding of inter- national right and justice, I desire" to convey to you, Mr. President, and through you to the American people, the friendly greetings of the entire British nation. At this critical hour, when our enemies are sparing no sacrifice and counting no cost to achieve victory, the French and British troops stand united as never before. They are buoyed up with the thought that the great democracy of the West, in the same spirit and with the same object as their own, is putting forth every effort to throw its supreme force into the struggle. The American people may reat assured that the British Empire, now tried by nearly four years of war, will cheerfully make yet further sacrifices. The "thought that the United States under -your leadership are with us heart and soul, emboldens us in the determination with God's help finally to destroy the designs of the enemy and to re-establish on the earth the rule of right and justice.—George, R.I. In reply to a telegram from the New York Chamber of Commerce, the King cabled "The vast resources of life, treasure, and industry that your great nation has pledged in the cause of civilisation must assuredly lead us to prevail against: our enemies.
BETTING CIRCULARS. I At the Mansion House Police-court, Lon- don, eight summonses, four against the "Mirror of Life" Publishing Company, Ltd., for printing advertising oirculars for the making or placing of bets in connection with football matches, and four against George Dew for issuing the circulars, were heard. The Lord Mayor imposed a fine of £ 12 10B. on each of the summonses, making together £ 100. The company was ordered to pay £ 5 coats. It was stated that the number of circulars ordered was 68,00CL
GERMANY'S LAST COLONY. In a dispatch published in the "London Gazette," describing the final operations in East Africa, General Van Deventer sayst "With the surrender of one of the main German forces on November 28 and the re- treat of the remnant of the other into Por- tuguese territory, the last German colony was conquered after a resistance which had been prolonged until nine-tenths of the enemy's white and black personnel had either been killed or had fallen into our hands."
PROFITEERING IN SWEETMEAT. I At Marylebone Police-court, Alexander McBean was summoned for selling a sweet- meat called "rioona" at the rate of 3d. in- stead of 2d. an ounce. Defendant urged that it should have been sold as a biscuit, but Mr. F. Freke Palmer, the prosecuting solicitor, replied, "If he gold it as a biscuit, then it is sold as rice at 4d. per lb. instead of 4s., so that he is worse off than ever." Fined £ 5, with £ 1 Ie. costs.
JUMPED FROM TRAIN. I Private William Simpson, of the High- land Light Infantry, while under escort, jumped from an express train at Peter- borough, and had a narrow escape from death. He reoeived cute on his head and severe bruises on his back, and after atten- tion was able to proceed to his destination with the escort.
COLONEL'S THREE SONS KILLED. I Colonel Morgan Lindsay, of Y strad My- nach, has received notification that hia second son, Major Claude Lindsay, has been killed in action in France. Within the week the death of another son, Lieutenant Archie Lindsay, was announced. Colonel Lindsay's eldest son, Captain George Lindsay, was killed last June.
LORD TENNYSON'S SON KILLED. I Lord Tennyson's second son, Captain the Hon. Aubrey Tennyson, Rifle Brigade, has been killed in action in France. Lord Tennyson's youngest eon, Sub-Lieutenant Harold Tennyspn, R.N., was killed in action off the Belgian coaat two years ago.
EAST TYRONE ELECTION. I The result of the East Tyrone election was as follows:—Harbison (Nationalist), 1,801; Milroy (Sinn Fein), 1,219, No change. The election was caused by Captain Redmond, M.P.. resigning to contest hi8 late father's seat at Waterford.
SON BORN TO LORD JELLICOE. I Lady Jelliooe, wife of Admiral Viscount Jellico^ of Scapa, has given birth to a son at Holwell House, Hatfield. »
A BISHOP'S RATIONS. I The Bishop of Oxford, writing in his Diocesan Magazine," says: "May I give notice that I propose to eat my portion of meat, etc., at home, so that when I -,isit parishes I shall neither want nor be per- mitted to eat meat or any other rationed food? I only say this that my kind hosts may not try to provide me with any such food." ————— —————.
EUPIIRATES CAPTURES. J War Office. Mesopotamia. --Since March 31 there has been heavy rain, accompanied by violent gales of wind. Up to April 2 the number of prisoners taken on the Euphrates was 5,214 Turks (including 208 officers) and 18 Ger- mans.
BEGGAR'S GOLD HOARD. 1 A Nottingham labourer, named Jamea Clarke, was arrested for begging, and it was then discovered that he had X30 in gold in his pocket. Clarke was fined 10s. and allowed to retain possession of the gold. 1
M.M. WON THREE TIMES. I The King has approved the award of a i, second bar to the Military Medal to Cor- poral Q. E. Keech, R.E. (Eaat Sheen) (M.M. gazetted Nov. 11, 1916; first bar gazetted 1, Jan. 6, 1917). |j 0 I
THE IRISH CONVENTION. I The Irish Convention has held its fifty- firet meeting at Trinity College, Dublin. Sir Horace Plunkett (chairman) presided. The draft report presented by the chairman was further considered and was adopted. After votes of thanks to the ohairman and to the Provost and Fellows of Trinity College, tihe Convention was adjourned sine die. Subsequently the membem of the Conven- tion and Secretariat were entertained by the chairman at lunch in the Gresham HoteL
Miss Charlotte Disbrowe, a direct descen- dant of Jane Cromwell, sister of the Pro- tector, has died at Burton-on-Trent, aged uinety-five.Hpr .,§ir .Edward Crom- well Disbrowe, was Minister "to various European Courts under William IV.
ifWWBiJl?<Brnrrrr,Nr n m I MOTHER ND HOM& Procrastination is not only "the thief ol time it steals away a great deal of domes. tic comfort and happiness. "How froq ftently it happens," remarks a housewife, that in an average household each person waits for another one to get out of bed. Every- body wants someone else to lead the way. As a consequence the habit of late rising is established, obrooIqast is a time of Lurry and confusion, and the ma4c members grumble bitterly at the prospect of being late for business. Where possible, the housewife sJkH&d be the first member of the family to rise, so that everything may bo ready when the rest come down. Breakfast is an impor- tant meal, and should be taken leisurely. No excuse for being late at the table should be accepted, and if the day is started well everything will tend to order and harmony." r THE LARD. Have the larder window open jiight and I day, and if you haven't a perforated zinc screen over it, tack a piece of coarse muslin over the opening to keep out dust and flies. I DUTY IN THB HOHE. It is impossible to build the ruper-structtre o publio virtue save on private virtue (says a contemporary}. The vital question is to have the home prosorvi-ci. If the average husband and wife fulfil their duties toward one another and toward their children, other problems will solve themselves. The worthi- ness of life depends upon the way in which everyday duties are done. The home duties are the vital ones. The nation is but the aggregato of families within its border, and tf the average man is not hard working, just, and fearless in his dealings with others, then our average of public life will in the end be low, for the stream can rise no higher than Eta source. In a family the child must be barught that it is but part of a wle. that it must recognise the rights of others, and learn that every human being must work, in some way, in- this world. I STORED CLOTHES. Clothes which have been shut up in. a drawer or box for some time often have a musty smell; and if this does not disappear after they have been exposed to the air, take some pieces of charcoal, Wirap them in paper, and lay them in the folds of the garment*. HINTS TOR DRESSMAKERS. When sewing a seam in thick material I always rub a piece of dry soap along the line the needle is to follow. This will make it slip easily through the stuff. Always tack a seam before machining it. Cut a button- hole so small that the button will only just go through it. The hole is sure to stretch later on, and if you get it too large to start with it will be simply enormous in a very short time. If a piece of material eeema likely to shrink in the wash it should be- laundered and dried before being cut out. The first washing is always the one that causes the shrinkage. Remember that sleeves always wear up a little, so make them amply long enough in the first place. CHEAP EMBROCATION. A cheap and excellent embrocation for use in every home is made as follows:—One gill of oil of turpentine, one gill of white wine vinegar, two ounces of liquid ammonia, the white of one egg. Put a-H into a bottle and mix well together. WASHING FRAGILE FABRICS. Surprisingly durable will casement -clir- fcains of extremely fine net or muslin be found when washed at home by a slow and careful process. All rubbing and wringing must be avoided, oleanliness being restored chiefly by means of cold water. It may have to be changed at short intervals at least a. doze* times before it runs off clear, hasten- ling tko extraction by squeezing or pressure only. This preliminary concluded, the next step is to squeeze whatever is being washed as dry as may be without injury to the fabric, and after a good soaping cover with cold water in an enamelled pan, or enclose I in a pillowcase n u$ia £ ..the^ copper. A few minutes' gentle boiling and a good rinse will satisfactorily complete the process. TORN W ALLPAPER. EYELASHES AND EYEBROWS. To improve eyelashes .and eyebrows, smooth them every night with a very little pure coconut or olive oil. Be sure no coconut oil gets between the lids, or it will make the eyes smart. Olive oil is quite harmfcea. To WASH AN EtoEanowy. Make a strong lather with warm water and some good soap-powder, and add to this a tablespoonful of Tinegar, to prevent the 1 colours of the eiderdown from running. Place the eiderdown in the suds, and squeeze the dirt out gently with the hands, taking care not to rub it As the water becomes dirty, make some fresh soapsuds, and transfer the eiderdown to thia. "When quite clean, rinse in clean warm water, squeeze as dry as pos- sible with the hands, and hang in the open air to dry. The eiderdown should be shaken occasionally whilst drying, to prevent the down from settling in one place. WASHINS BRUSHES. The best way to wash a brush is to dip it into a solution of a tablespoonful of am- monia (the household kind) and three quarto of water. When the brush ia clean, rinse it thoroughly in several changes of warm water, or running warm water, and then dip it into cold water. Dry by hanging it up by the handle. FIZECKLES, Try the following 'troatment for a week or two for freokle removing. After bathing the taoe in fairly hot water, get a camel-hair brush and touch each freckle with a lotion composed of one ounce of lemon-juice, half a drachm of powdered borax, half a drachm of sugar. These ingredients should be well mixed and put into a bottle, closely stop- pered, and allowed to stand a few days before using. Avoid letting the sun touch your face, as this increases the freckles. To CLEAN WINDOWS- To clean windows quickly, go the whole round of the windows and rub each with a cloth which has been dipped in paraffin oil Then return to the first one, and polish with a soft, dry cloth. A splendid polish is obtained, and the paraffin prevents flies from settling on the window. To RENOVATE A CABPET. Take half a pound of any good soap, shred Hi, and boil it in a gallon of water. When dissolved pour the mixture into a pail and stir into it a quarter of a pound of salts of tartar. With this wash the carpet, doing a small portion at a time. and rinsing each piece with warm water immediately. The carpet should be rubbed dry with a clean, cloth, bit by bit; as it is rinsed, and it wiU look clean and bright when finished. REBOOTING STOCKINGS. Machine-made stockings may be re-footed in this wise: Cut off above the worn part evenly; then turn in the edge and herring- bone it neatly with fine cotton. This done, overcast with blanket-aitch, using wool. Put the stiches close together, and after- wards take them up on a knitting needle and knit in the usual way. Woven noBe are made of such a fine wool that it wou)d hardly be possible to pick up stitches after severance from the foot of the stocking. Re- paired as directed, the stockings would be made tidy again.
q 'a Ir ai b As a train carrying soldiers was passing be een Birm ingham and Bromsgrove a bu I t passed through a carriage window and hit a soldier on the head, causing a severe wound.