r OUR LONDON LETTER. —— — [From our Special Correspondent.] A few weeks' trial ought to show whether the rationing scheme is being worked on right lines. The first week is a time of get- ting used to things. The problem that has exorcised a great many minds is th-t of the people who take one or more of their daily meals away from home. To leave the meat- card at home and have meatless meals in the City so that the family joint may be larger, or to take a meat luncheon as usual, that is the question which has wrinkled many brows. Some people are putting the matter to the test of experiment before making up their minds for good; but a large number of City caterers, in restaurants, as well as some of the clubs, are giving up meat alto- gether. They will serve their customers with fish and egg and vegetarian dishes. In. creased demand will perhaps lead to a scarcity of fish and eggs, but let us hope not. The hmching-out difficulty is, of course, largely confined to London, whereas the rationing scheme now in force applies also to the counties of Middlesex, Hertford, Essex, Surrey, Sussex, and Kent. The number of people affected is ten millions, and any of the millions outside who intend to pay us a visit, and want meat at hotel or restaurant, must bring their Registration Cards if the visit is a temporary one; if they are staying for a longer period or permanently they must bring any food or meat cards issued to them under local rationing schemes outside the area. The success of the rationing scheme depends, of course, upon the adequacy of the supplies. Lord Rhondda, while making it plain that he cannot gua- rantee the supplies, says he has every reason to hope they will be sufficient to provide the ration, which has been arranged. He hopes a little later on to provide a larger ration of meat for those engaged in hard manual labour. At present all adults are rationed alike, though it is obvious that those en- gaged in sedentary occupations do not need as much meat as manual workers. The food situation was one of the princi- pal matters discussed at the recent Inter- Allied Conference in Paris. There have been railway difficulties in America due largely to very severe weather. The position has improved with the weather, but the check waa serious enough to make a difference to 118 on this side of the Atlantic of tons of foodstuffs. From various reasons we are de- pendent for imported food chiefly on the United States and Canada, and even a tem- porary dislocation of the system on land or sea which brings the supplies to our porta is a serious matter. The War Cabinet, hav- ing considered the position, has decided that food shall come before all other war demands upon shipping. Only essential food- stuffs are to be given cargo space, even cattle food being prohibited. This means leas meat, milk, and. butter, but the period of such shortage should not, it is stated, last longer than a couple of months. Political organisations are beginning to bestir themselves in view of the new register and the coming General Election. The Labour Party was the first to make a move, issuing its manifesto months ago in the hope -that it might commend itself to some of the new millions of voters. Now the Liberal Party is beginning to get ready, and Mr. Asquith has addressed a meeting of the party agents upon the party's future. Agents of all parties, of course, will be hard at work for some time in connection with the new Register, which this year will be an enormous undertaking. Opinions vary as to the length of time necessary for the com- pletion of the Register. It has been said that if all passible energy were devoted to the task it could be ready in a few weeks, but that estimate is probably too sanguine considering that many of the men experi- enced in this kind of work are serving with the Forces. Another estimate gives Novem- ber as the earliest date at which the Regis- ter can be made available. If that should prove to be anywhere near the mark, Mr. Henderson's prophecy of a summer General Election would be upset, as nobody now thinks of an election on the old Register. It looks as though the Germans have found that poison gas does not pay-them. Everybody remembers their first employ- ment of the device three years ago, and the feeling of almost incredulous horror with which we read the news. Poison gas gave the enemy an advantage, but not so great an advantage as they had hoped, and not for long. The British and French were compelled to adopt the new weapon, and they have, from all accounts, used a better gas, and used it more effectively, while they score by the fact that the wind on the Western Front blows much more frequently towards the. German trenches than the other way about. The German Government seems to have come to the conclusion that some- thing must be done about it. And so they begin in characteristic German fashion by talking very loudly of a new and much more deadly gas which they have ready for use. But they would much rather gas were not used by either side. (Of course they trould.') They have suggested, .through neu- tral countries, that its use should be for- bidden. Well, after all, it was forbidden in 1915. Germany employed it then in defiance of all law. Who could trust her to remain bound by any agreement now? Familar items made up the programme of Saturday's symphony concert at the Queen's Hall, and there was a large audience. The Symphony was Brahm's in F, of which a very line performance was given. Miss Irene Scharrer was the brilliant soloist in the Schumann pianoforte concerto, one of the best known and one of the most beautiful of all the concertos. The other soloist was Mr. Gervase Elwes, justly a grent favourite at th ese concerts. He sang a T; ch aria as only he among the singers of -day oan, or at any rate does, sing Bach..Ie gave rare plea- sure. Sir Henry Wood's very clever version of Monosorgsky'a "Pictures from an Exhibi- tion" was admirably played, and works by Wagner, Dvorak, and Chabrier completed an admirable programme. A. E. M.
SLEEP SNIPPETS. The chief cause of insomnia is brain activity. The ''shortest sleepers" are the "longest lived." Tiredness ia a poison, of which sleep is the only antidote. We retire lMer, but take more sleep than our fore- fathers. Perfect sleep depends on anaemia (bloodlessness) of the brain. Three-quarters of a child's growth takes place during sleep. The longest dream never" actually occupies more than a second. Nightmare is not due to nerves, but to a disordered stomach. It is best to sleep in a room papered with a red- brown shade of paper. It is a sign of great intellectual vigour to be able to command sleep at any moment. The heavy sleep that follows great exhaustion is less beneficial than ordinary sleep.
An East London jury commented on the danger of taking infants from a warm bed to an air raid shelter, in a ca.se in which a two years' old child died from pneumonia. For having a military rifle illegally in his possession, Michael Wall, who refused to say how he got the weapon, was sentenced at Dublin to one month's imprisonment. For feeding dogs with bread, Mabel Con- etance Aikin, wife of Major Aikin, of the Hill Farm, Bishop's Frome, Herefordshire, was at Bromyard fined £50, with E30 costs. The Bench said they were satisfied an excess quantity of bread had been ordered.
I OTHER MEN'S MINDS. Modern men and women are not worrying about their sins.-BISHop BURY. I THE LARGE JOINT HABIT. Our misfortune has been to acquire the large joint habit, a had habit in every sense.-Ma. J. G. RAMSAY. I A NATION'S DOWNFALL. There is something pathetic in the down- fall of the great nation that has produced so many philosophers and musicians.—DEAN OF ST. PAUL'S, I NATIONAL KITCHENS. National kitchens aim at supplying the best food in ideal condi tions. It would be a pleasure to go to them; no waiting in queues.—ALDERMAN SPEXCER. I WOMEN MUNITION WORKERS. I am told by some who have worked in munition factories that t.he life does not tend to elevate, purify, or soften the female character.—THE SPEAKER. I THE WAY OF THE ROMANS. The present food expedients were tried by ancient Rome. They bc-gan by erecting a statue to the Controller, and ended by de- capitating him.C"TAiN.- TRYON. I BRAINS WANTED. Had the intelligence of the rulers been equal to the courage of the common soldiers the war would have been over long before now.MR. W. C. ANDERSON, M.P. I OFFICIAL. After all, though we are a Government, we are not absolute lunatics, and recognise our duty to use every means to put an end to the war.-LORD ROBERT CECIL. I AMATEUR STRATEGISTS. There are far too many amateur strate- gists as it is, and no one knows better than I that a few months' service at a respectable distance behind the front line in France does not qualify any man for pronouncing start- ling conclusions in regard to the difficult matter of military strategy.—MAJOR SIB JOHN SIMON, M.P. I THE WASTE OF WAR. The waste of war caii be replaced by rigidly abstaining from the waste of peace time.SiB ROBERT KINDKRSLEY. I THE GERMAN COLONIES. No fresh extension of Prussian militarism to other continents and seas should be tole- rated, and the conquered German colonies can only be regarded as guarantees for the future peace of the world.GENERAL SMUTS. I HOW TO PAY FOR THE WAR. There is one way available to enable us to repav our war loans, re-establish our mer- cantile marine, our trade, commerce, and manufactures after the war, and that is to stimulate the production of wealth, and to tax the annual income to the limits of utmost yield, but always so that the pro- ducers of wealth are encouraged, stimulated, and left with the necessary means for the production of more wealth.—LORD LEVER- HULME. I IF PEACE WERE MADE NOW. If peace were made now, leaving Germany in possession or control of the territory she occupies in the West or in the Near East she would have won the war.—EARL OF DEN- BIGH. RAILWAYS AFTER THE WAR. The question of railway management after the termination of Government control has bv no means been settled.-Sia GKORGE ARYT AGE. THE FATE OF CIVILISATION. To me, at least, every month since the catastrophe of 1914 the conviction has come with increased effect, that upon the issue of this contest depends for generations to come the fate not merely of this or that country, but of the higher civilisation, of the higher morality.—MR. BALFOUR. I THE CASE OF AUSTRIA. Assuming they are not going to get iu- demnities—and pleases God they won't—I think Austria, must be pretty well bankrupt when this war is over.—LORD EMMOTT. FRANCE'S WAR AIMS. I can sum up France's war aims in two sentences—the Kaiser off his throne, and small nationalities to ha.ve liberty to dispose of themselves.—M. PAUL LOYSON. I HABIT AND HUNGER. Never, according to official returns, was the health of the nation better than it is to- day, which is evidence that some have been eating more food than is conducive to good health. The craving of habit is often mis- taken for the craving of hunger.-SIR CHARLES BATHURST, M.P. HOUSES WITH SOULS. A dwelling is not a mere pile of timber and tiles, or bricks and mortar, peopled by a given number of souls; it should possess a soul of its own, a personal conglomeration of life with its own peculiar flavour, and feeling as well as romaiice.-MR. MAURICH B. ADAMS. SCIENCE IN BUSINESS. If we are going to enter upon future com- petition with Germany with anything like a fair chance of success, we must do much more to educate our trading classes in scientific study of the work which they had to undertake in basiness.-LORD BALFOUR OF BURLEIGH. I DIPLOMACY AND ARMS. Diplomacy and military effort must ad- vance side by side. We must recognise that the war must be ended with the help of dis- cussion, but discussion must be on agreed principles. These principles are fixed, and our war aims must not varv according to our military prospects.—MAJOR SIR JOHN SIMON, M.P. I THE GERMAN FLEET. 1 I think the German will remain in bar. bour-—not that he funks the business; the German seaman is a very gallant fellow. But the enemy knows he is making our task very difficult by stopping where he is, because there is always the threat that he might come out, and there is no situation more difficult to deal with than what is known as a riaval defensive on the part of a weaker oppouent.-ADIIRAL JELLICOK.
No borings for petroleum have beoo car- ried out in the United Kingdom, Mr Wardle states for tho Board of Trade. The management of His Majesty's Theatre has decided to discontinue evening performances till March 1, but there will be matinees each day. A young American cadet, Linley Haines de Garno, attached to the Royal Flying Corps, has been killed in an aeroplane acci- dent at Radlett, Herts.
IN LIGHTER VEIN R THOMAS JAY. I ILLUSTRATED BY J. H. LURH. The suggestion made last week that dogs are about to be rationed was not allowed to pass unnoticed. A mass meeting of dogs was held at Barking under the presidency of the Great Dane. The president having outlined the objects of the meeting declared that the question of rationing was unthinkable, although he repudiated any thought of their standing in queues after the manner of the humans. They must take action—stern action to fight these upstart humags to the last bone. (Bow Wow.) Tim the Terrible, who arrived late, apologised on the ground that he had just had an unpleasant inter- view with a Pomeranian who lived next door to him. He hated to see these pampered, petted ariatocrat6 putting on side. It was sinful to think of these idle rich lolling about on cushions and hobnobbing with humans. All he had to say was that if rationing was introduced he for one was ready to down paws, and if they all adopted that principle then by degrees their output of burglars would be extremely limited. > Francis the Fox-Terrier, said that while he agreed with the previous speaker in his opposition to rationing, they should watch the Bolos in their midst. Only the other day a glaring case of Boloism came to his notice. He had been having a day's sport- cat-chasing as a matter of fact-when he came upon a hole in which some low-down tyke had deposited several bones, a sardine can, and a slice of sofa cushion. Sydney the St. Bernard thought that there should be no hoarding of supplies. At the sa me time, there was no real danger of a short- age, for there were always acci- dents to be picked up in the butcher's shop. For him- self, given a few Alps, a glazier or two, and a couple of famished tra- vellers, he could manage very well. Barney the Bull- Terrier said that if the shortage of MEAT RATIONS. food became very acute he was prepared to share his district with any of them, and it aboundv 1 in a fair brand of postman, while if that failed he saw no harm in eating up a few Pomeranians. It was true they were not sweet eating and tasted like pen-wipers, but anything that was bad for the toy dog was good for the canine race. At this stage a cat turned the corner, and tho President remarked? "I spy strangers," the meeting breaking up in confusion. Anybody who has seen me would tell the reader that I am not happy. At least, not riotously happy. I have a temperament which seems to indicate that my natural vocation would be that of coll-ecting the weekly instalments for the family under- taker. Still, many a joyous heart beats beaeath a sad face, but before Professor Keith drops me a picture postcard accusing me of getting the human anatomy in a tangle, let me say at once that my seem- ing melancholy mien is due entirely to the fact that. I have kept two guilty secrets locked in my card-case. One is that I have only seen one football match in my life; the other that I have never written a book. When I sa.w that match I confess that 1 was disappointed. With the echoes of seven fenerations of humorous .writers in my car3 I expected to see nothing short of assault and battery, and the football-field nothing but a shambles. I would prefer to stay at home reading poetry, for it in fine to read about the perfumed and restful bed of bal- sam boughs and the crackle of the camp j fire at dusk and the dip in the mirrored bosom of the pellucid lake at dawn. I can do this sort of thing very well. Emerson was pretty good at it, too. As I understood it. football had two sides—or styles—Rugby and Association. There were professional and amateur players, the latter generally being considered eccentric. I also under- stood that the best team always won. And that the best team was the team on which you had your money. The referee I understood to be the meek little chap in the corner, attired in Harris tweeds and a longing to get home safely. It was the duty of the visiting team to escort the referee to his cab. with the assistance of a few policemen, and I had always felt that if I had to choose a pro- fession, rather than be a referee I would choose one of the safer occupations, such as lion-taming or Arctic exploration. In fact, I could almost hear the referee's wife say- ing, as a taxicab drew up at her dQOr, "Carry him straight in." To me it seemed a shame that twenty-two great hulking men, attired in nothing to speak of—stripped for the battle—should chase a meek-looking warn this way. That is how I took football to be. But I was quite wrong. As far as I can remember it was this way. I arrived at the ground to see the greatest game of the season (see small bills), b". I cannot tell you much I WATCHING FOOTBALL. about the galllC after the first goal. for ju s t when that goal was scored I was kicked off the tree by one of the visitors. I scon began to feel that playing f 0 0 t bJl was easier work than watching it. I r e m o nstrated with this visitor fra tha North. His reply was brief and to the point. He just tapped me three times on the head with his foot. Every kick his team made was registered on the back of my legs, until after the match people came to me for the results. I spoke to him again later, when he kindly offered to unravel my spinal column if I didn't "hold my hush." I took up a position near a corner flag. This I thought must be Dead Man's Corned, but the nearest we got to a. thrill was wlien the goalkeeper told one of the spectators that if he wasn't very careful there would be a lot of flowers near him which he wouldn't be able to smell. I believe that in baseball there is more real fun—from the onlooker's point of view-for full particulars of the game of baseball turn up the Enc. Britt., under Modern Battles." I sa^v what to me looked like a holocaust. Twenty- one of the players seemed to be sitting on the other one. One of the spectators said: "The other side is pressing." I reflected that if this was pressing, for the sake of the man underneath, who probably had a wife and family dependent upon him, I sincerely hoped that they wouldn't start shoving. As far as I can remember, the match went like this: Several thousand spectators. All at peace with the world. A yell. The players enter the arena. A silence as deep as the grave. The feeling of parma violets creeping up over the hillside. A roar. Some- body had lost the toss, and attempt to move an amendment was lost. A silence as deep as a grave dug for three'. Caboosh! They're off. "Go it, Sandy." "Kick it, J'tobby." "Eh, that's nowt the way, Rudolf." "Why the blue Gordon Highlanders don't you 11 A yell as of a thousand lost souls. Somebody A yell as of a t h ousa,, had scored. Nobody knows who. For the results see sports edition. A wild rush. Bart Kennedy on the organ. Bernard Shaw pulls out the organ stops. Somebody bangs them back. A crash of worlds. Two crashed of worlds. A silence as silent as can be. The soft tread of football enthusiasts over my face. Peace with horror. Some- body had won.
"We have the Prime Minister with us I in the reform we are seeking," declared Mrs. Seaton Tiedeman, in presiding at a meeting of the Divorce Law Reform Union.
I MOTHER AND HOME. Hero are three "doubts" for wives. Don't fuss over every little domestic trouble that occurs, and report it as a calamity to your husband the moment he comes home at night. Battle and conquer such things your. self, and make a point of telling him of your successes rather than your failures. bon't think "anything will do for your hus- band." It is far more to your interest to appear at your best and brightest before him. Don't let your home engross all your energies. Remember that it is to you your husband should turn for companionship during his hours of recreation Try to fulfil your part, and share his joys as well as hit responsibilities. I WHEN DARNING. Keep a crochet hook by you when darn- ing stockings and, if there is a very big hl?,, crochet in a patch in treble crochet in- stead of darning it. A stocking mended in this way is perfectly comfortable in wear, and one can crochet so much more quickly than one can darn. To DAUGHTERS. "Don't forget it is the lessong a girl leaxns out of school that make all the difference to her in after life," said a schoolmistress addressing a company of parents. "Teach your girls how to cook a dinner composed of a plain joint, vegetables, and a wholesome ",id1,(d' .n? Show them how to serve it daintily. Take them to market when you go, and show them how to buy economically and well. Set them a daily task of keeping their own rooms and your sitting-room look- in cheerful and tidy. Teach them to be dainty, neat, and tasteful in their appear- ance. Let them learn mending and plain sewing instead of fancy work, and make them realise the importance of sharing in the management of their homes, ard you need not fear for their success." SOMETHING FOR NOTHING. To induce every mother to try Neave's food for her own baby, Messrs. Neaves will send a sample tin free if lid. stamps are enclosed for postage. They will also send free a useful booklet, "Hints About Baby." Every mother ought to have this booklet, and if a sample is not required the booklet alone will be sent free and post freo on re- ceipt of a post-card addressed to Josiah R. Neave and Co., Fordingbridge. SPOTTY FACE. All complexion ills are due to a disordered stomach, and so need internal treatment rather than external applications. Give over eating so much pastry and sweets; a little in moderation does no one harm. Keep to a good, plain diet, with plenty of fruit and vegetables, and take medicine once or twice a week for a time. To ease the irntation arising from the spots, bathe your face in hot water and apply a little boracic oint- ment at night. FRAMING THE FACE. If your neck is long and thin dress the hair low and accentuate a horizontal line of the hair both in front and at the sides. It is most advisable where one has a long, thin neck to dress the hair at the side of the head horizontally, as it seems to keep the features in better relation to one another. If the hair seen in profile makes a sharp diagonal line from brow to neck it is likely to thrust the chin forward, while a perpen- dicular line, so common in connection with a pompadour, makes the nose prominent. Half the charm of the graceful Psyche knot lies in the long, wavy horizontal lines over the ears. It is almost instinctive to heighten a low forehead by a straight, fairly high pompadour, and to lower a high one by either a fringe or an overhanging pompa- dour. Sometimes the latter treatment in most effective, for to bring the hair down on the forehead is to intensify the expression of the face. Sometimes a rather insipid counte- nance is rendered more interesting by this simple device. BLACKHEADS. I For blackheads, wash the faoe at night with any good soap and very hot water. Use a piece of coarse flannel or a loofah. Then rub a little peroxide of hydrogen (five vols strength) into the blackheads. If the face feels sore, apply a little vanishing cream at night. Wash the face with cold water in the morning with no soap. See that the general health is good. DEEP BREATHING. I Deep breathing is the foundation of all afitg! ure culture. Golf, hockey, and tennis are afl a help towards physical perfection, but they only assist and are not (as so many people imagine) the sole cause. The business girl may be debarred through lack of time or money from indulging in sports, but she can attain to the same physical perfection as those who are more fortunate if she will regularlv practise deep breathing. Practise taking two or three deep breaths several times a day, and you will soon realise that you are increasing your vitality, filling out the hollows in the neck, and enlarging your chest measurement. A CHILD'S HOBBY. I Mothers should not neglect the educative possibilities of the stamp-collecting mania in a child. A boy may become quite an authority on geography through this side interest. EASY BOOT CLEANING. I The following is a very easy method. ot keeping boots and shoes clean and bright, and it ,the same time helping to preserve the leather. Brush the boots free from dust, then, with a piece of soft f.1g, rub a little o-lvcerine substitute well into the leather; allow this to become nearly dry, then brush with a soft brush. If rubbed after wearing with a velvet polishing-pad or duster, they will retain their polish for days, while the glycerine helps to keep the leather a good colour, and to make it soft and comfortable to wear. CARE OF THE FEET. I Tight shoes are not the only cause of foot troubles (says a contemporary). Anyone whose duties require continuous standing, day after day, is likely to suffer from tender and aching feet. There are some simple home remedies and precautions that if taken will at least lessen the suffering, and frequently will prevent or cure the di-stressing tender- ness. The simplest and yet the most sooth- ing and helpful remedy is the cold foot spray night and morning. It is recommended by a distinguished physician, who is a specialist in matters connected with the feet. In a modern bathroom it is possible to take the cold foot spray simply by stepping into the bath-tube and standing for a moment with the feet under the cold-water faucet. Turn on the full pressure of the water, for it is the force of the falling water as much as its coldness that gives the tonic effect. There is really less shock in using the cold spray than in stepping into a foot bath of cold water. If you wish, you can attach a spray with a tube to the double faucet of the bath.tub, and use the tepid water first and colder water afterward; but the more vigorous treatment from the untempered cold water faucet is better for the normally healthy person. Dry the feet vigorously and thoroughly with a Turkish towel, and do not forget the spaces between the toes. Then rub the feet with alcohol that contains 5 per cent, of boric acid. It is cooling and stimu- lating. Powdering the feet after a bath is also refreshing. To SOFTEN MACKINTOSHES. I Mackintosh coats which have become hard and rigid may easily be cleaned with lime and water, and made to look as good as new. Dissolve a handful of the best gray lime in half a bucket of water, and apply it with a small sponge. Repeat the process after three hours. WRINKLES. I Bathe your face in hot water, and then massage across the lines with skin food, creasing them carefully out with your finger-tips. Then apply a lotion composed of one drachm of alum, one ounce of glycerine substitute, and one pint of water. After a week or so of this treatment you should find the wrinkles vanishing. Then use some astringent skin lotion, but continue tho massage night and morning to prevent the line3 making another invasion.
POINTS OF INTER-ALLIED CONFERENCE STATEMENT. A memorandum of war aims haa been issued by the Labour and Socialist Confer- ence, consisting of British, French, Belgian, and Italian representatives, which met at Westminster. The following 'are the points of the memo- randum League of Nations.—All belligerents and every other independent State should be pressed to join. Belgium.—Reparation and restoration as a Sovereign State. Alsace-Lorraine.—A fresh consultation of the population. Serbia, Montenegro, Rumania, Albania.— rhese, and other occupied Balkan territories to be evacuated. The whole problem to be dealt with by a conference of their repre- sentatives or an international commission. Italy.—Sympathy and support for people Df Italian blood and speech who claim to be united with Italy. Poland.—To be reconstituted in unity and independence, with free access to the sea. Russia.—Annexation of Livonia, Courland, or Lithuania by Germany would be a viola- tion of international law. Palestine.—To bo a free State under inter- national guarantees for Jewish people. Turkey.—Armenia, Mesopotamia, and Arabia cannot be restored to the Sultan; the Dardanelles should be neutralised. Austria-Hungary. Nation'al independence for Czecho-Slovaks and Yugo (Southern) Slavs, if they demand it. Colonies.—A system of control by inter- national agreement in Tropical Africa. Food and Raw Materials.—No economic war, but "the right of each nation to the defence of its own economic interests, and, in face of the world shortage, to the conser- vation for its own people of a sufficiency of its own supplies of foodstuffs and raw mate- rials cannot be denied." Merchant Seamen.—A court to be set up to investigate accusations against Govern- ments and officers for acts against the usages Rf war, and in particular loss of life and property of merchant seamen and other non- combatants. Peace Conferences. An international Labour-Socialist conference now. One repre- sentative of Labour and Socialism to be an )fficial representative at any Government peace conference and a Labour and Socialist representation to sit concurrently. A depu- tation now appointed .to go to America to Donfer with Labour and Socialism there.
I BRITISH REPRISALS. r 56 AIR RAIDS ON GERMANY IN TWO I MONTHS. I A most striking return of the British air raids into Germany has been issued by the Air Ministry. This shows, during the period December 5, 1917, to February 10, 1918, inclusive, there have been thirty-six raids. Objectives at eighteen towns have been bombed, and many towns have been raided again and again. A total of over 4-8,0001 b. of explosives (twenty- one tons) have been dropped. The towns which have suffered most arc Diedenhofen, six raids; Treves, six; Con- flans, three; Mannheim, two; Bensdorf, two; and Burbach. two. Towns which received big weights of bombs were:—Metz area, 2,9401b.; Karls- ruhe 2,800; Offenburg, 2,893; Treves, 2,400, 2,206, 1,250, 230; Diedenhofen, 2,105, 1,220, 1,344, 930; Bensdorf, 2,210, 280; Burbach, 1,096, 2,216; Conflans, 2,186, 1,488, 2,240. The objectives bombed included factories, works, sidings and stations, barracks and gas works. In the ca.se of Coureelles, Orny, and Offen- burg" town." only is given as the objective. a ■ —
SAVING THE GUNS AT CAMBRAI. I Mr. C. E. W. Bean, the correspondent with the Australian foroes, writes:— It will be remembered that during the later stages of the battle of Cambrai one of the Australian heavy batteries, after stand- ing by their guns well into the afternoon, after having four hours previously received an order to destroy them if the Germans came nearer, dismantled the guns, buried parts of them, and withdrew finally as ordered. Two of these guns being well within our own lines, were recovered immediately upon the German retreat being eaeckcfl, a task at that time of considerable &j £ TcuIty. When the British and German lines settled into their final position it was found that two advanced guns were just within our position at a point where it was still pos- sible to reach them after dark. Though shell-fire made it impossible to get transport to this position during a considerable part of the time, men and officers were intensely eager to bring them out. They finally suc- ceeded in bringing out both guns, and the battery thus came out with all the guns with which it went into action. —————. o —————
MR. BERNARD SHAW'S GIFT. I Mr. George Bernard Shaw has handed over to the town of Carlow his property in it known as the Assembly Rooms, to be used for the purposes of technical education, and, in making this free grant, he writes to a Catholic bishop:— "The immediate holder is a Socialist, whom vou as a Catholic can challenge to act up to "his principles by municipalising the building. I want nothing for my intcmst in it except the discharge of my wonsciencc in seeing that some good public use is made of it."
DEFECTIVE MUNITIONS. I At Westminster Police-court on Monday, George Mattock, general manager of a Lon- don munitions factory, was fined £100 and 50 guineas costs for supplying defective war material to the Ministry of Munitions. Foi the prosecution it was alleged that the de- fects in a large number of fuse caps— between 3,000 and 4,000 had been "plugged," the result, according to Colonel Stansfield, R.A., assistant controller in the Munitions Department, being a serious danger of premature explosion. The magis- trate said there appeared to be no answer to the summons as to causing increased danger, but he acquitted defendant and his firm of any intention to mislead or deceive.
CAPT. EARMSWORTH S WILL I Captain the Hon. H. A. V. Harmsworth, M.C., Irish Guards, who died on the 12th inst. from wounds received in the battle of Cambrai, leaves JC1,00U to Irish Guardsmen disabled in the war or i i need of assistance, to be spent a.s directed ly the Lieut.-Colonel commanding; £ 1,000 for the education of sons whose fathers have been killed in the war, £1,000 to help men disabled in the war and < £ 50 each to his regimental servant (Pte. Gorbey) and to three N.C.O. 's c/1 hIS com- pany (Sergt.s. Kenry, Hawe, and Nolan), He also left £ 50 each to Six old servants.
I A THOUGHTFUL JURY. I At tho inquest on Monday oil the body o> William Pritchard, forty-seven, solicitor s clerk, who died at his desk in the City of London, the widow said he had been in the Army twenty-three years and had served one year in the present war. He was a sergeant- major when he was discharged. A verdict of "Death from natural causes" was returned, the jurv expressing a. wish to give their fees to the "widow, agreeing with the coroner that it was very hard she would have no pension.
Mr. Ivor Bowen, K.C., has been appointed Judge of the County-courts on Circuit. 28. Hitchin Rural Food Committee have sanc- tioned double meat rations, on medical certificate, for a man suffering from eating diabetes. Mr. W. A. Robinson, Assistant Secretary, Office of Works, has been appointed Perma- nent Secretary to the Air Council in the Air Ministry.
v-=:-=. ￼ ￼ 6IIOI; rI' ¡ JJllV\ J ?s?????S? .I Utilise the tough stalks of celery as well as the roots in making a cream of celery soup. To remove a rusty screw, try holding St red-hot iron to the head of it, then use a screwdriver while the screw is still hot. One of the easiest ways to c,ol an over- heated oven is to stand a basin of cold water in it. Nickel stove trimmings are greatly hrightened by being washed with warm, soapy water in which a little kerosene hae been dissolved. After whitewashing a ceiling there are often stains of whitewash on the furniture and windows. These can ho easily removed by rubbing with a soft cloth on which a few drops of paraffin have been put. Cracks in walls may be filled, up with plaster of paris. Mix this with vinegar in" stead of water. It will then be like putty, and can be used with easo. Remove the cold fat from tho water ill which meats have been boiled, also save the dripping after roasting or frying meats. Make a delicious pudding from the suet given when meat is purchased or melt down and add to the stock or fat kept for f rying.4 Instead of using soda for washing clothes, add one teaspoonful of turpentine. This not; only saves soda but also coal, as the clothes take less time to boil. To CLEAN OILCLOTH.. To clean oilcloth, tiles, etc., put into a. pail of hot water two or three handfuls of salt and wash with a linen rag. It takes off all stains and leaves a beautiful polish. A GREASY SINK. Much trouble is often caused by a greasy sink. Wash thoroughly with hot water. Dip a flannel soaked with ordinary paraffin into- powdered bath brick, then Tub the sink well. Dirt and greaso speedily disappear. Wash down with very hot water. Wipe with a clean flannel. CUTTING OUT GARMENTS. It is very tiresome when cutting out from a tissue-paper pattern to have to use so many pins and weights, but these may be entirelv banished if a warm iron is pre.,tsed over the pattern, which has been tirsb arranged on the material. Tho patters wilt then cling to tho cloth. FOR A RUSTY BOILER. First wash out the boiler, then put in a.. little Portland cement, and mix to a paste with water. Dip a rag in the paste, and work it all over the inside. When dry, the boiler will be quite freo from rust. SUBSTITUTE FOR SUET. If one requires a suet steamed pudding,, and there is no suet handy, just use a good- sized potato (chopped finely) in place of each quarter p-ound of suet, and the pudding will be as light as anyone could wish. FINGER MARKS ON PAINT. The unsightly finger-marks on white- painted doors may be easily and quickly re- moved by gently rubbing with a flannel dipped in ordinary paraffin. Wash with a soapy flannel, dry quickly. A STARCHING HINT. A good gloss can bo given to starched fabrics by stirring the boiling starch for a few seconds with a paraffin wax candle, or by adding a few scrapings of the paraffih. wax to the starch before the boiling water; is poured on. USE FOR OLD STOCKINGS. When woollen stockings are quite beyond wearing, cut off the feet and draw one leg, over the other, tack down tlt(- sides, so aa to form a bag like a washing-glove that yom can easily slip your hand in. Y (lU will find they make splendid polishers for shoes, stoves, or bright articles, and keep your hands clean at the same time. If stockings are split open and tacked together they make excellent house flannels; or, if several arc split and cut into square pieces, and at SCTCW put through the centre of same into a brcom-handle, it makes a good mop. SOME USEFUL RECIPES. IiK.RBINGS WITH SAUCE.—Clean and wipe the herrings, drodgo with fino oatmeal, and fry a good brown. Make a sauce as followsj- Take one tablespoonful flour, one ounce of margarine, one ounce of mixed pickles, half a pint of water, salt ond pepper to taste. Melt the margarine in a small saucepan, add t arin,o in the flour and water, stir well, boil five minutes, chop the pickle, then stir it into the white sauce; lastly, add a tablespoonful of vinegar. Servo at once in a foot sauce boat. POTATO TRIFLE.—Put a layer of left-over potatoes at the bottom of a well-greased pie- dish. Sprinkle with salt, pepper, and grated cheese, and cover with white sauce. Repeat till the dish is full, letting sauce and cheese form the last addition. Bake till a nice brown, and serve hot. FISH CAKES.—Take equal quantities of cold fish and ma/ihed potatoes, one ounce of butter or substitute, one teaspoonful of chopped parsley, one egg, one cupful of breadcrumbs, and some fat for frying. Melt the butter in a saucepan, and when hot stir in the fish and mashed potatoes, add season- ing, the parsley, and a little milk. Stir the mixture over a slow fire until it gets firm, then turn it on to a place to cool. Shape into flat cakes, dip in egg and bread- crumbs, fry in the fat, until a light brown, serve very hot with tomato and parsley sauce. CHEAP SCONES.—Take three ounces of oat- meal, eight ounces of self-raising flour, one ounce of margarine, one teaspoonful of sugar, a pinch of salt, milk and water. Mix all dry ingredients together, rub in the mar- garine, mix to a paste with milk and water, roll out about a quarter-inch thickness, cut in squarce, and bake for fifteen minute's. This quantity makes thirty email scones. SHEPHERDS' PIK.—The following is a very nutritious and tasty dish in these days of meatless dinners: Boil two ounces of macaroni in salted water till tender. Drain and lay in bottom of pie-dish. Then put a layer of cooked marrowfat peas, dissolve one or two gravy cubes in a little hot water, and pour over. Then over aU put a thick crust of mashed potatoes which have been moistened with a little milk. Score top with a fork, and put some small pieces of dripping here and there. Bake in a moderate oven till golden brown, about half an hour. If there should be any scraps of! cold beef or pork in the house, these can be put through the mincer, seasoned, and put on top of peas instead of gravy cubes. LENTIL AND LEEK POTATO I)IF.-One. pint of lentils, twelve small leeks, two pints ofi water, potato crust. Put the lentils, water, and leeks, finely shredded, into a covered jar or basin. Bake in a slow oven until done. Put into a greased pie-dish, cover with a crust of mashed potatoes. (If lentils are' very dry add a little more water.) Bake, serve with brown gravy and any vegetable in season except spinach or artichokes.
All Germans in Siam, men and women, have been deported to India. X80,000,000 a year is what the war is -cost- ing Australia. Mr. Bmar Law announces that 5s. cur- rency notes are ready, but cannot be issued without the sanction of Parliament. Women road-sweepers are being employed as an experiment at Kingstou-on-Thames..