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NOTES ON NEWS. I The' resignation of Sir Artniir Y.,Ll:" 1 -the Director of Food Economy Campaign, I COMPULSORT RATIONING. on the ground that his work is dene, seems tc suggest that the autho- rities contemplate carry- ing compulsory rations further than meat :and fats, with which we shall make a beginning before the end of the month. It is hoped, however, that at any rate for the present, we may escape compulsory rationing for bread, potatoes, and foods of that nature. But we shall still be on our honour with regard to them, and bound to keep our consumption within the nar- rowest possible limits. The rationing of meat and fats has been made inevitable by the serious shortage; and it is in our own interest to take care that. extravagance with other foods does not bring about com- pulsion a day earlier than is necessary. The voluntary rations campaign has done oxcellent work. It has effected a consider- able saving of valuable foodstuffs, and has been for multitudes of people a training in the art of living on comparatively short commons which will enable them to face compulsory rationing with more or leas equanimity. Even under the compulsory rations we have Lord Rhondda's promise that we shall be fifty per cent. better off than the German people, and that should give us ample winning margin. Food production at home must be in. creased in every possible way. It is to be MORE PUBLIC KITCHENS. hoped that this year we shall get somewhere near those three million acres I of grass land ploughed and sown for which Mr. Prothero con- tinues to appeal. The Minister of Agri- culture puts in a special word for potatoes. W& cannot have too many, he says. They will feed human beings, and any surplus will come in as food for live-stock. They will be a paying crop. Allotment holders did splendidly last year, and there is every indication that this year they will do better still. But however much production may be increased, the need for economy in consumption is bound to become even more pressing than it is at present. In this connection Lord Rhondda s appeal for the extension of the policy of public kit- chens is to be nofrod. If these could be set up everywhere—and they could be— the economy effected would be enormous. Ten people can be fed at a lower rate per head than two, and the average cost would decrease proportionately with the increase in the number supplied. Public kitchens would save food, fuel, and labour. They have been a success wherever started, if pro- perly managed. Up to the present, how- ever, they are working in only a few of the poorest districts. If they were gener- ally adopted, any prejudice which may now be felt against them would probably soon disappear, with many of our present inconveniences and discomforts. In an interview with an American Press correspondent, the First Lord of the Ad- 1_: ORR NEED OF SHIPS. miraity repeats nis as- surance that the sub- marine is held." After a year of unrestricted submarine warfare the sinkings of mer- chant shipping has been reduced to a lower level than before Germany cast off all re- straint. Sir Eric Geddes declares himself an optimist regarding the r-boat war. He is inclined to think we arc sinking sub- marines now as fast as Germany can build them. The "curves" of which he spoke in his House of Commons statement are all good, and he cannot foresee any way in which the situation can change,, except for the better. There is a but, though. If we are to turn the German failure to bring us to our knees into a positive victory for the Allies, we must have mere ships. De- struction still exceeds production, and meanwhile the need for tonrtage is in- creasing. This being so, the First Lord's declaration that the menace is "held" seems open to criticism, but there can be no doubt, at any rate, that ships and still more chips is still the crux of the problem. Sir Eric Geddes appeals to the United States to build quickly, and lias no doubt that she will do her utmost. As for our- selves. we are now building at a higher rate than even in our record building year, and before this year is out we shall be turning out ships at a rate more than double the rate of that year. Among °his "curves," the First Lord has oi<eo £ which he has not spoken before. ), 1 Ax ENCOURAGING "CURVE. it represents wnax lie calls the German "factor of exaggeration in tho statement of U-boat re- sults. It is one of the mosL encouraging or the" CUITCS, n tor it show., that the Germans, while the sue- cess of the submarine is diminishing, arc I obliged to falsify the returns in an increas- ing degree, in a desperate endeavour to keep up the spirits and the hopes of their own people, and to persuade them that the submarine will at length achieve all that they hope for it. There must by this time be many even among the German people who have lost faith in these ofheial figures, for, according to a Dutch paper which has had access to documents bearing u pon the question, German experts who were in- structed to give their opinions upon the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, were quite convinced that this country would be compelled to sue for peace in six months after it was adopted. There was monflis after it ?i, only one dissentient from this view, and he put the time at three months. And after a whole year of it we are still undefeated, and America is in. too. The Agricultural Wages Board has found it necessary to warn some farmers 1 4-U „,r FARMERS AND LABOURERS. against tne aiuuiuf nnjj appear to have taken to- wards the establishment of the District Wages Committees, to be formed of farmers and labourers. The Board states that certain farmers have raised objections to their employees serving on these committees, and in one or two cases have even threatened dismissal. There are sixteen farmers on the Wages Board, and they say to their fellows: "Nothing will be more detrimental to the interests of agriculture than an attempt by individuals to interfere with or impede the acceptance by anv man of an invita- tion to represent his class, and we confi- dently appeal to the patriotism and good sense of farmers generally to recognise that the selection without, hindrance by workers of their representatives ■; essential to the establishment of Di?t i,.t, Wages committees on a sound and atisfactory basis Those farmers—pro lily only few—to whom this warning ■ addressed •would GO to pay heed to










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