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I NOTES OF THE DAY. from our London Correopondent. The Capture cf Jerusalem. The aspect, of the war from the Allies' point of view has for some time been so sombre that the news of the capture of Jerusalem «. ame a gi. oat joy. I was in the House of Commons when Mr. Bonar Law read General Allenby's historic com- munique announcing that the sacred city .had been surrendered. The leader of the House was doubtless thrilled by the glad news, hut he read the cablegram in a low, indistinct voice which could not 'be heard ,by one-half of his audience. I have never listened to a great announcement delivered in so meagre and nndramatic a manner. News of tTiis momentous event ought to have been proclaimed by silver trumpets. Happily a poor manner could not eclipse the good matter, and the House instinctively realized the signifi- cance of the event. It gave expression to its feelings in prolonged applause, the cheers marked by a peculiar note of solemnity singularly befitting the occa- sion. The Holy City. I Jerusalem is one of the most historic cities in the world. For -500 years, it has been the joy and pride of the house of Israel. Damascus, Athens, Rome, Constantinople are cities with a glorious tradition. Jerusalem excelleth them all. Its marvellous history goes back to a re- mote past; it is intimately associated with the three great religions of the world--Jud.ilsin, Christianity, Mahom- medanism. it was the hope of rescuing it from the rule of the inlujel that in- spired the Crusaders, when all the chivalry of Europe rose in arms and streamed into Palestine to fight under the banner of the Cross. For centuries the Holy City has been in }.he grip of the Turk, under whose oppressive and incom- petent rule it has pitifully lan- quished. Now at long last, through British valour, has come the hour of deliverance. Refo'v the capture of Jeru- salem, the British Government had given a solemn undertaking that once Pales- tine was rescued from the defiling hand of the Turk, it- wou ld he restored to the Jews. That announcement filled with 1 elation the chosen people everywhere. The Zionist Movement. I Dispersed though they are all over the earth the Jews have never ceased to turn' their eyes to the ancient city which was the capital of their Ational State. "If I forget thee 0 Jerusalem may my right hand forget her cunning!" That, as- piration of the Psalmist has been echoed by Hebrew:, all through the ages. In the last 30 years the Zionist movement has g ivena practical turn to this • noble aspiration. A regenerated Palestine, cleansed of Turkish misrule, restored to the Jews who will once more take up there the broken thread fit their national life-,that was and is the ideal of ZinniHm. The power of Britain has made that ideal a reality. No wonder the events of the last few weeks in Palestine, culminating in the capture of* Jerusalem, have sent a thrill through Jewry such as it has not known for very many centuries. In their holy joy at the deliverance of their ancient national hearth tl e Jews; must feel like their great foivrunner who ox- claimed: "How beautiful upon the moun- tains arc the feet cf him that bringeth good tidings Effect in Russia. In no country in the world would the new. of the expulsion of the Turks from JerasakiVi received in normal times with greater rejoicing than in ltussia. More pilgrims •" Calvary and the Holy Sepulchre used to come from Russia than from any other part of the world. But alas Russia for the time being is ab- sorbed in her own troubles. A nation which cherished above all other nations the idea of the brotherhood of all men is faced with the frightful prospect of civil war. Authority in Russia is shatter- ed the Army is dissolving into nothing- I ness; the great towns arc threatened with famine; anarchy prevails in the idwle of the vast territory stretching from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean. "What- will emerge from the chaos no one can tell. The mischief is that the Russian collapse has had the effect of enormously strengthening the Central Empires. Both in Germany and Austria the food situa- tion is acute; but a separate peace with Russia would give them access to the granaries of South Russia, which are stuffed with corn. While the Russian towns are threatened with famine, there is abundant food in the country: it is the breakdown of transport, currency and organization that is responsible for the shortages in Petrograd, Moscow and elsewhere. In Southern Russia there are the accumulated remnants of four har- vests. If Germany can get access to these our naval blockade will be largely neutralized. That would be cue of the worst consequences of the Russian chaos.

Mp. Loosemore at the Tribunal


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