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j NOTES OF THE DAY. I from our London Correspondent. t I EXTREMISTS IN RUSSIA. I I Just as the Terrorists in the last resort got the ascendant in the French Revolution, so the extremists have come to the top in Russia. No one knows whether their tenure is likely to be pre- carious or not, for the extremists have control of the cable, telegraphic and wire- less agencies, and are able to give their own oolour to the messages flashed to the outer world. The new revolutionary regime is promising bread, land and peace,—a programme that will have an alluring sound to multitudes in Russia. These maximalists, or Leninites, who have climbed to power by a bold and sharp stroke against Kerensky and the moderate Socialists, loudly proclaim the brotherhood of man and the iniquity of war; but in their manifesto to the Army they do not shrink from urging the sol- diers to "act without mercy" to those of their comrades who will not accept the new regime. Here again one is reminded of the French Terrorists with their mad watchword: "Be my brother, or I will I slay you." CHAOS AND CONFUSION. I Affairs in Russia have long been in a chaotic condition. Deficiency of food, break-down of transport, inflation of the » currency and enormous increase in prices have combined with gross maladministra- tion to produce an appalling state of Idlings. Russia is like a society in pro- cess of dissolution. Dismissed Generals, some of them soldiers of eminence, march in a oontinuous procession across the Russian stage; admirals and other naval 4officers are murdered by their men; soldiers decline to obey and desert by millions; workmen hold meetings instead of working; everybody talks of his rights, no one thinks of his duties. Where in this vast quagmire is any solid foothold of authority to be found ? The Maximal- ists may soon find that it will only swallow them up. It is incredible that wild visionaries, who disbelieve in authority, can enforce law and order. There is every reason to believe that many of them are in German pay, veiling their real character behind a pretence of belief in the universal brotherhood of of man. Civil war is now a real pro- bability in Russia. Meanwhile the spectre of famine is stalking through the land. IN ITALY. I Tlio Italian defeats nearly became a catastrophe, but it would seem that the main forces of General Cadorna, have been saved. Still the capture by the •nemy of 270,000 Italians and 2,500 guns is a tremendous blow for Italy-a blow under which she has reeled. As usual, part oi, the blame for this disasfcw is Blamed on Great Britain. Why didn't we qQ this that and the other ? Why didn't we, prqvide the Italian armies with more guns, and the Italian people with more coal and wheat ? This sort of criticism is foolish and mischievous. Italy has mobilized 4,500,000 men, enough to de- vour the enemy if they had all been thoroughly reliable. What happened was that on a vital sector of the mountainous frontier line, no resistance was offered by Italian troops, wjbose morale had been undermined by a revolutionary Socialist propaganda working on the same lines and in the same spirit as the Russian soviet. Dupes and shirkers who thought that-if they refused to fight peace would be ushered in have only succeeded in opening the gates of their country to the invader and in prolonging the far. As ha.s so often happened in hiatory, so in this case, misguided zealots have done immense harm to the 'cause they hoped to serve. BRITAIN AND HER ALLIE8. Bright patches in a sombre picture are the brilliant, victories won by British .armies over the Turks in Palestine and Mesopotamia, and by the steady advance of our magnificent soldiers in Flanders. We owe little to any of our Allies except France; but the Allies' obligations to us are enormous. Food, money, steel, coal, clothing, boots, munitions, sea-power and the services of our merchant shipping- over and above our vast military effort- these have been given without stint to our Allies. I do not suggest they ought not to have been given, but one fears that the immense extent of variety of our contribution to the war are very im- perfectly realized in foreign countries. What we in this cchintry have achieved since August 1014 is wonderful. More than ever we are the hope and stay of the grand Alliance. The future historian writing of these days will be able to adapt the proud words of William Pitt during the Napoleonic vvars -England saved herself by her exertions and Europe by her example."

A Gross Charge." I - J

[No title]

I Milk Prices at Llanelly…

" The Home Fires Burning."

IConditional Exemptions





IBringing in Wounded. 0——

IBorough -Council.



1Where are We ?