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ECONOMY IN BREAD. I It has now become abundantly clear that the reduction in the price of the loaf is being ;,('d by many people not to economize v .heir expenditure, but to increase their consumption of bread. We need hardly say that it was never in- tended for that purpose except in the case of the very poor or of families with many young children,, who require much bread and were unable to buy enough for their legitimate needs. If this continues, one of two things is bound to happen. Either supplies must be increased or there will not be enough to go round. But supplies are not going to be increased; the prospect, indeed, is that they will be diminished in the future.. The inevitable conclusion is that the aggregate con- sumption must not be inoceased, and if people will not control it- themselves, it must be controlled for them. Unless therefore, we exercise the strictest economy in the use of broad, the natioll will have to be rationed. It will be a thousand pities if, through selfish thoughtlessness, this course is forced upon the Government. A system of rationing is repugnant to the traditions of Britain, but if people will not econom- ize, what are the Government to do ? A campaign is now to be inaugurated to en- force once again the necessity for con- serving our supplies of flour. It will probably have some effect. Intelligent and decent people will pay attention to it, but those who have paid no attention before—and they are tho great majority— will pay none now. They will go and buy just as much bread as they please. If challenged, they will argue—as, indeed, they are already doing—that there must be plenty of bread or the price would not have been lowered. FUTURE OF OUR STEEL TRADE. I The settlement of the strike at the Llanelly Steel Works is a. matter of pro- found satisfaction to the town. The stoppage of operations at a time like the present, when so considerable a portion of the output is used by our gallant French Allies, caused a painful impression in the community. There must be no re- petition of this unfortunate state of things, and we trust that whatever grievances the men may have, they will refrain from taking rash measures "on their own," biru use the powerful in- fluence of the great Trade Union to which they belong. The future of the steel trade in the town and in the country as a whole is now engaging the attention of a committee appointed by the Iron and Steel Institute. In a valuable report just submitted by the committee, the opinion is expressed that, if the steel trade of Britain is to hold its own in open competition with the other steel-produc- ing countries of the world, it will be necessary, amongst other changes, to have a Central Board to which all orders will go, and from whence the work will be allocated to the different works according to their ability to do it. This would save the enormous amount of capital at pre- sent locked up in stocks of rolls. Many works have rolls for practically all the British standard sections, and change the rolls as required to suit orders. If, on the other hand, the orders were sent from a Central Board, mills could he kept on the work allocated to them for long periods, thus reducing the amount of roll- changing and also the cost of production. It would also enable works to roll only such material for which their mills and plant are best adapted. It is clear to the committee that the one outstanding feature which has been revealed by their work, so far as it has gone, has been the ejiciting or the almost unanimous opinion that, if the steel industry in this country is going to maintain its position, it must be by some great broadening of our com- mercial organizations that would lead to economics far and away outweighing anv other element in the situation, and Jong ago realized and adopted by our foreign competitors. THE SUCAR TIME TABLE. Another stage in the Food Controller's scheme for regulating the distribution of sugar will be completed to-day. Octeber 6th' is the last day on which abdications from the public for sugar-cards should be received by the local food committees. The registration of retailers is already complete, and since last Monday only registered shopkeepers have been en- titled to sell sugar. So far as is known, few local food committees have yet issued any sugar cards to the householders in its district, but the cards are in the hands of the committees and the issue of them may be begun, at their discretion, as soon as their arrangements- are suffi- ciently advanced. The last day fixed for the distribution of the cards is> October 26th. Before November 6th the house- holder should take his card to the trades- man from whom he desires to buy his sugar, and by whom a part of the card will be retained" in order that the cards may form a baiflfc for the allocation of supplies among the retailers. Thereafter the householders on each trades man'alist, will probably be given a preference over would-be sugar purchasers not on that list; but as the scheme amounts to a complete reorganization of the existing method of sugar distribution it will not be finally effective until the last day of the year, when the registered customer will have an absolute right to preference' over the unregistered. Some idea of they immensity of the detailed work involved in the scheme may be gathered from the fact that 56,500,000 forms, cards, posters- and other printed documents have been; circulated in connection with it by the Ministry of Food and the local com- mittees. BOMBINC GERMAN TOWNS. In his masterly speech on Thursday, General Smuts made it clear why the War Cabinet have been forced to adopt the policy of bombing German towns. The object of raiding Germany is nttt merely to protect our own people by drawing off the German airmen to defend their own country. There is another and equally important, if not more important, reason. Briefly, the object is, in the words of: Herr Haussmann, "to paralyze the enemy's war spirit"; to make the Germans, realize that their Kaiser and his military des- potism are una ble to give them security, and that to obtain peace they must alter their aims, methods, and politics. Noth- ing is more likely to break down their spirit than scaring this race of bullies by mears of air raids. The scenes enacted by aliens in the Underground Railway in London during these recent raids support this opinion. The importance of breaking their "moral" was never greater than now when von Euhknann is assuring the Germans of their strength and internal security, and the rest of the world that the unity of the German people, German Parliament, and German rulers on ques- tions of high policy is complete, and: that "a united Germany never can be beaten." Time will show the falsity of all this if only we will raid Germany extensively" and incessantly whilst hostilities, con- tinue, and boycott her, under the ban of 'IeiCl—u ?un?'s resolution of -? ? last, fnr n long p. after the termination of the war.

-Clarke's the Man. - "-