BRITISH AND FRENCH GAIN FOOTING IN HOUTHULST FOREST. — — VALUABLE POSITIONS TAKEN The following reports from Sir Douglas Haig have been issued by the Press Bureau: Monday, 11.30 a.m. Early this morning we carried out local attacks on both sides of the Ypres-Staden railway. French troops co-operated on our left. Progress in these operations is reported to be satisfactory. Monday, 10.24 p.m. Highly successful minor operations were carried out by our troops this moni'ig on the battle front in the neighbourhood of Poelca.pelle and in conj unction with the French south of HouthuLst Forest. East of Poelca-pelle battalions of the Nor- folk, Suffolk, Essex, and Berks Regiments, and Northumberland Fusiliers attacked on a front of about one and a-half miles, and cap- tured a number of strongly fortified build- ings and concreted redoubts on the hill east of the village. Rain had again fallen during the night, rendering the ground slippery and the task of assembly difficult. In spite of this the whole of our objectives were captured after ilerce fighting, in which many Germans were killed. Our troops south-east of Poelcapelle then pretised on and carried other valuable positions beyond the line of their objectives. Further north, Gloucester, Cheshire, Lan- cashire Fusiliers, Manchester, and Royal Scots battalions, in co-operation with the French, attacked on a front of over two miles from the Ypres-Staden railway to a point north of Mangelare. Severe fighting Wl,- pLac?, but the southern defences of Houthulst Forest were captured with a further series of fortified farms and strong points. The Allied troops have established themselves firmly well beyond the, southern boundarv of the forest. In the course of the morning the enemy delivered a strong local counter-attack in the vicinity of the Ypres-Staden railway. He succeeded in checking the advance of our troops astride the railway line, but at all other points was unable to prevent our pw gress. About 200 prisoners have been captured, and heavy casualties inflicted on the enemy. During the night the enemy raided one of Our posts south of the Scarpe River. A few of our men are missing. 1
RAID INTO GERMANY. BRITISH AIRMEN BOMB ENEMY II AERODROMES. The following report from Sir Douglas Haig was issued by the Press Bureau on Sunday night: British Headquarters, France, Sunday, 9.17 p.m. In spite of very mitity weather, a further attack into Germany was carried out by our aeroplanes this afternoon. A foundry and railway station ten miles north-west of Saarbrucken were bombed, over a ton of bombs being dropped. Very good results were observed, and bursts were seen on the foundry and railway station. A big explosion took place. Many hostile scouts attacked the bombing squadrons over the objective, and four were driven down out of control. 1 Photographs were taken by us. All our machines returned except one. On the 20th inst. the weather was very fine, but a thick haze prevented observa- tion for artillery by our aeroplanes. During the day bombing operations were carried out by us vigorously, and a total of 238 bombs was dropped on the enemy's aerodromes at Gontrode and Roulers, on Cortemarck Station, and on hostile billets and hut- ments. One of the aerodromes at Roulers was > bombed from a low height, and one bomb was seen to hit and blow to pieces a German machine on the ground, while another fell through the centre of a hangar. The enemy's personnel and machines on the ground were then attacked with machine- gun fire from our aeroplanes. During this bombing attack our scouts operating in the neighbourhood brought down seven German machines, which crashed in full view of their aerodrome. At night the enemy's aerodromes were again attacked, and a ton of bombe waa ,?7_p ?d on Ingelmun?ter Aerodrome and Lil,y Station (near Courtrai), and on thw aerodromes at Courtrai. At one of these a direct hit was obtained upon a hostile machine which was endeavouring to leave the ground. In the course of the day a total of nine German machines was brought down, and four were driven down out of control Three of our machines are missing. 16 GERMAN MACHINES DOWN. The following report from Sir Douglas Baig on the work of our airmen was issued on Monday night: — On the 21st inst. the fine weather con- tinued, and the improvement in visibiliity enabled a great deal of artillery observa- tion work and photography to be done. During the day a total of four tons of bombs was dropped by our aeroplanes on aerodromes near Courtrai and Roulers, on a large gun position near Douai, on billets east of Lens, and on other targets in the battle area. At night nearly three tons of bombs were dropped by us on Roulers and Lichtervelde railway stations, where fires were started, and on hostile aerodromes in the vicinity of Courtrai and Roulers. One of our pilots arrived at a German aerodrome as the enemy's night bombing machines were getting off, and dropped his bombs amongst them. Heavy fighting took place in the air, chiefly well over the enemy's line. Twelve hostile machines were brought down and three others were driven down out of con- trol. Another German machine was shot down by anti-aircraft gunfire. Eight of our machines are missing, including one which has not returned from night bombing. The naval squadrons attached to the Army have been fighting throughout these opera- tions, and accounted for a large share of the. hostile machines brought down. The Australian squadrons, who up to the present have been training, have now com- menced active work, and have already proved themselves worthy of the high opinion that was formed of them on their arrival.
HANGED BY 44 DUMMY." Albert Henry Cox, the two-year-old son of a wounded soldier in Epsom Hospital, strangled himself with the string of his "dummy." At the Shoreditch Coroner's Court it was stated that the infant was left playing in a room and, when his grand- mother returned, she found her grandson suspended by his neck to the gas stove. The string of his "dummy" had caught on one of tie tnp3 and, unable to extricate himself, the child was choked to death. In his btruggles two of the taps were turned on. A verdict of "Accidental death" was reo turned.
SUCCESSFUL APPEAL I At London Sessions, before Mr. Lawrie, the appeal was allowed of Adolph Monico, licensee of the Monico Restaurant, against a fine bf t6 for supplying intoxicating liquor to person who had not ordered and paid for the same. John Attensio, waiter, suc- cessfully appealed against a fine of £2 for supplying the liquor. The judge allowed the appeal, and said it was clear that there was no breacA of the Treating Order. He would make no order as to costb. (
FOUR OF THE RAIDERS BROUGH1 DOWN IN FRANCE. CASUALTIES IN THE RAID. I Four Zeppelins were brought down in France on Saturday. That is official. It it stated unofficially that a fifth was driver out to sea and probably came down in the Mediterranean. There is reason to believe that some, if not all, of the Zeppeline brought down had taken part in the raid on the Ea,,tern Counties and on London on Friday night. If this theory is correct some of the airships were chased 500 or 60C miles across France. Eleven Zeppelins are said to have been wandering about over France en Saturday, chased by aeroplanes, and hopelessly lost. The following is the record of those brought down — One vessel brought down by anti-aircraft guns at Saint Clement, near Luneville, from a height of nearly 19,000ft. Totally de- stroyed, and all crew dead. L49 driven down by aeroplanes near Bourbonne-les-Baiiw (Haute Marne). Air- ship captured undamaged, with entire crew of nineteen officers and men. L50 defended at Mammartin (not far from Bourbonne), landed two officers and fourteen men, detached and destroyed a gondola, and then reascended. One airship brought down at Larague, near the Italian frontier. Burnt by its crew. Five officers and fifteen men captured. Another airship brought down near Larague. Berlin admits the loss of four Zeppelins. HOW THEY CAME DOWN. I An air raid alarm was given in the northern part of Paris at five o'clock on Saturday morning (says the "Chronicle" correspondent), but as no enemy machine appeared the signal All clear was given about half an hoar Jater. The first Zeppelin was brought down at seven o'clock in a field adjoining the forest of Hondon, close to Saint Clement, near Luneville, in the Meurthe-et-Moselle De- partment. It had been observed at 6.20 with two other Zeppelins, travelling at the rate of twenty-five yards a second against a strong wind. Attacked by anti-aircraft guns, the Zeppelin bounded upwards. A second volley was fired at it from a distance of 16,500 feet, and one shell pierced the envelope. The Zeppelin caught fire, rose vertically for an instant, and then crashed to the ground in flames. Five horribly muti- lated corpses were afterwards found near the wreckage, and the other members of the crew were burned to death in their own infernal machine. As no explosion occurred, it is concluded that before falling this Zeppelin had thrown out all its bombs. The seoond Zeppelin was brought down in- tact near Bourbonnes-les-Bains. It was forced to land by a French scouting aero- plane. The commander, his chief officer, and seventeen men are now prisoners. At ten o'clock Zeppelin L50, being in diffi- culties, alighted at Dammartin, also in the east of France, and effected the daring manoeuvre' of landing a car and two officers and fourteen men, two being slightly wounded. It then reascended with only four men aboard. LOST NEAR NORWICH. I One of the prisoners stated that this Zeppelin left Oldenburg on Friday afternoon for London, which it failed to reach. It lost its bearings in the fog near Norwich, and then endeavoured to return home. Towards eleven o'clock Zeppelin L45 stranded on the left bank of the little River Buech at Mison, near Sisteron, in the Basses Alpes Department. Two officers, Major Kelle and Lieut. Schouz, with nine- teen men, alighted and set fire to their machine, of which only the metallic frame remains. The local police arrested the twenty-one Huns, who were conveyed to Larague Prison. At two o'clock two drifting Zeppelins were observed over Gap, also in the Sisteron re- gion, in the south of France. One of them fell towards four o'clock between Gap and Sisteron. The crew succeeded in burning their airship before being captured. 11 ON THE MEDITERRANEAN COAST. I One at least of the surviving Zeppelins was seen on the Mediterranean coast on Saturday afternoon at Toulon and Frejus, and although attacked by anti-aircraft guns and aeroplanes managed to escape sea wards. but in a damaged condition. Nice was plunged in darkness yesterday evening in anticipation of a Zeppelin raid- quite a new experience for the population of the safe and sunny South. The question everyone is asking is what way the Zeppelins came. The general belief is that the squadron dispersed in France was the same that had raided England on Fri- day evening, and that it was durihg the re- turn journey that, owing to thick fog, the Zeppelin pilots lost their bearings and were obliged to allow their airships to drift be- fore the wind. This theory seems to be confirmed by the log-book of the Zeppelin captured at Bour- bonne-les-Bains, the L49, and also by the statements made by the Germans dropped from the L50 near Dammartin. Some airmen, however, including the com- mander of a French air squadron sent in pursuit of the raiders, believe that although one or two may have taken part in the in- cursion' on the other side of the Channel, the remainder had been given a definite ob- jective in France. It is certain that most of the Zeppelins were observed in the east of France steering a southward course, and apparently making no effort to cross the frontier. Their itinerary seems to have been, roughly, Nancy, Langres, Chaumont, Dijon and Lyons, the last-named city having been selected perhaps as the point of concentra- tion. All the airships were provided with wire- less apparatus and were certainly able to k^p in constant touch with each other. Ac- c,ing to one account, howeyer, most of the Zeppelins' pilots, when they found themselves hopelessly fog-boand, ordered the engines to be stopped, and let their air- ships drift until daybreak should give them a key to their position. This version is in oontradiction with the report that the Zep- pelins' objectives were the Creusot munition centres and other industrial cities. The same account affirms that the Zeppe- lin destroyed at St. Clement was endeavour- ing to reach the German frontier. Dawn came, but brought no break in the fog, and the Zeppelins were Compelled to grope" blindly over a white expanse of mist. 27 KILLED; 53 INJURED. I The report issued by the Press Bureau on Saturday afternoon with regard to the Zep- pelin raid on the Eastern Counties and the "London area" was as follows: "The latest police reports show that in last night's airship raid the following casu- alties occurred in all districts visited by the raiders: Killed ￼ 27 Injured ? 53 If "Some material damage was caused to I house property and business premises." ■5* INQUESTS ON ViCTlMy. I Inquests were held, by a London Coroner I on Monday on seven of the victims of the ] Zeppelin raid. The victims were Mrs. Kate Phripp, fifty- six, and her son, Arthur Thornton Frederick Phripp, twenty-three; James Henry Cono- van, eighteen; Walter Denis 'Dudley, thirty- four; Christopher George Wildman, twenty- four; Harold E. Prew, twenty-nine, and Mabel Barrington, twenty-five. Evidence was given that Phripp was stay- ing with some friends, and his mother came up from her home in Dorset on the day of the raid to see him. Prew returned to London that day, which happened to be his birthday, from Taunton. Phripp and his mother were in a theatre, and after the warning had been given from the stage the play continued. About thirty people left. Second-Lieutenant Collard, who at the coroner's request attended on behalf of Lord French, said all the defences were alert at the time of the warning. A formal verdict iii, all cases wng tturned.
COMMONS' DEBATE. I There was a debate in the House of Com- mons on Monday night on the question oi London's air defences. Sir George Cave answering questions, said the raid appearec to have been carried out by ten or morf Zeppelins. Of these only five reached thE neighbourhood of London, and the remain- der failed to reach their objectives, and left the country without causing material dam- age. Of the five which came near London four failed to penetrate the London de- fences. One Zeppelin drifted over London with her engines shut off and dropped threE bombs, which unfortunately caused loss of life. A number of our aeroplanes went up, but, owing to the atmospheric conditions. were unable to bring the raiders to action. Four of the Zepps had already been ac- counted for in France, and the greatest pos- sible credit was due to the French pilots and anti-aircraft defences. It must in justice to the British forces be remembered that the airships were then flying by daylight and much lower. On the adjournment of the House, Sir P. Lowe said members were entitled to have a further assurance that the utmost vigilance, care, skill, and preparedness would be exer- cised on all future occasions of the same kind. A number of speeches were made critlcia- ing the defences and asking for informa- tion. In the course of his reply Mr. Bonar Law said that all the time these raids were tak- ing place we went behind the German lines and bombed them all the time. Only last month we dropped behind the German lines in France in one month no fewer than 8,000 bombs. How in the world, by any system, could we prevent these air raids taking place? All that we could possibly do was to make them as dangerous as we could to the enemy. He ventured to say that we had done and were doing that. He had no intention of giving the House any information at all as to the extent to which these Zeppelins were at- tacked. It was common knowledge that our aeroplanes were in the air during the time the Zeppelins were here. He had been asked to give information which would have the effect of guiding the enemy in future at- tacks on London. The one thing Germany would like to know was what were the par* ticular methods of defence which we had made against their attacks. Two raids had already taken place over German towns with a population of 100,000. In Friday's raid the Zeppelins had suffered their greatest defeat. After paying a tribute to the work of the French airmen, Mr. Bonar Law said the same weather conditions which made it im- possible for us to see, or to properly attack the Zeppelins, was the real cause why they were lost in France. SIX ZEPPELINS PROBABLY LOST. j Mr. G. H. Perris, correspondent of the "Daily Telegraph" with the French Armies, believes that six of the eleven Zeppelins that were over France have been accounted for. He gives the following details:— 1. At a small town near Luneville lies the caroass of one raider. It was brought down by a section of anti-aircraft guns; which has been to-day honoured with a collective deco- ration for its prowess. Three Zeppelins were picked up by the observers at the same time, 6.20 on Saturday morning. The nearest was making about twenty-five metres per second, and its motors were evidently working per- fectly. A north-north-east wind was blowing at about five or six metres a second. The gunners put a first series of shells up to a height of 4,000 metres. The Zeppelin imme- diately rose to escape this threat, and quickly reached 5,500 metres. Only a few moments were needed to correct the aim, and at the fourth shot thereafter the airship was struck. The time was 6.45. The shell pierced the envelope, B flame appeared at the fore end enve l o p e, a f l atue a and instantly spread over the whole machine which stood on end, and then crashed to the ground a huge ball of fire. Five horribly mutilated corpses were found amid the smoking pile of smashed aluminium, but the remains of the greater part of the crew can- not even be distinguished. There were evidently no bombs on board, for no explo- sion was heard. The vessel had four screws. CAPTURED INTACT. I 2. L.49. This was picked up and attacked at 8.30 a.m. by five aeroplanes belonging to one of the eastern squadrillas. The outtook being hopeless, it descended, got entangled in some trees, and fell right across the little river Apance. The aviators landed around it too quickly to allow of the machine being destroyed, and had the proud satisfaction of capturing it intact with the crew and the naval lieutenant who commanded them. Tho crew climbed out, and the comman- dant was about to fire an incendiary ball into the fabric, when a peasant named Boiteux. who happened to be shooting in the neighbourhood, came up and covered the German officer, a naval lieutenant, with hia gun. The officer then threw down his pistol, and, with his seventeen men, surrendered. The French aviators landed and made good the prisoners, who are in custody at Mire- court. The information which is now being obtained by an examination of the structure and instruments of this airship may be of considerable importance. 3. L50 was being attacked at the same time and in the same region by two aero- planes, which unfortunately ran out of ammunition, had to abandon the pursuit, and were for a time lost in thick fog. Mean- while the Zeppelin had been seriously damaged, and in coming down "near Mon- tigny, north of Langres, had caught in a tree. Apparently most of the crew got out to try to free one car which was entangled, » but whether it was deliberately or not that the remainder rose again in 'the remaining car does not appear. The sixteen men left behind are prisoners, and several of them are wounded. No trace has yet been found of the crippled airship, which was last seen at a great height drifting south. 4 and 5. There is no further news of the raider wrecked and burned by his crew at Laragne. MAY BE SEVEN. I 6. At four p.m. on Saturday the observers at Frejus, on the Riviera, fifteen miles south-west of Cannes, and some 600 miles south-east of London, saw a Zeppelin wan- dering ou t seawards. Quickly recovering from their astonishment", several pilots rose and gave chase. It took some time to rise to the necessary height, however, and by five p.m. the vagrant had disappeared in the Mediterranean mist. When last seen it was drifting in a vertical position, and whatever be the fate of the crew the machine is cer- tainly lost. The question of its identity re- mains. It is improbable that it was the L50, whose adventure at Montigny I have re- ported. At least two airships not named above were seen in the Rhone Vallev on Saturday, drifting more or less out of" con- trol. It is practically certain therefore that the number lost is six and it may be seven.
RECRUITING FRAUDS. I Ât" the Old Bailey, Benjamin Goldberg Grantwav, surveyor, Dr. George Harry Bishop, and J.)hn Trichter, clerk, were in- dicted for conspiracy to defeat the provi- sicns of the Military Service Acts at White- hall Recruiting Office. They were found guilty, and the two former were sentenced to twelve months' imprisonment and Trich- ter to three months'. Mr. Justice Shearman, summing up, said that considerable criticism had been levelled against the practice of uAing a police decoy. In this case, hcwcver, the- decoy was used merely to ascertain what was going- on— whether, in fact, a conspiracy was afopt. If certain misdemeanours were to be wiped out in this country, police decoys must be used—aa, for instance, in gambling houses— otherwise a good many offenders, against the law would never be brought to justice. The jury found the defendants guilty, and, after passing sentence, the Judge said that there was a point of law for the Court of Criminal Appeal.
Mr. Hayes Fisher, President of the Local Government Board, says that the Maternity and Infant Welfare Bill framed by his pre. decesSor, Mr. Walter Long, had been hung up owing to departmental jealousy, but he hoped with the sanction of the War Cabinet to have it passed before Christmas. Dr. F. S. Toogood, giving evidence at Bloomsbury County Court, said that most people were losing weight owing to the ab- sence of farinaceous foods.
IN LIGHTER VEIN -1 8Y THOMAS JAY. ILLUSTRATED BY J. H. LUNN. I I have the most cheerful memories of a certain writer on foodstuffs, and one of these days, when I really get going, I shall write him a poem. If you happen to have a hole- proof memory, you wili remember that this week we have been told that people must get back to the old simple style of food, while a quite nice gentleman has stated definitely that people can make their own cheese if they like. But why should people vont to make their own cheese? I ask you that, and pause for a reply. And why should people toy with fsyicy dishes? I pause again. Whenever I see a man at a restaurant table ordering everything on the menu except the printer's name, I sigh. And hell hath no fury like my sigh. There was a time, away back in the Anglo-Saxon days, when man went about clothed in a couple of -feathers and goose pimples. The 1);tidy people of that day did not know they had a stomach. Now most men know precious little else. In these days, they had no cookery-books, and they cooked 'by ear. In those diys life was worth living, if the other fellow with tbc hatchet would only let you live. They I djrln't upholster the fruits of the field in a tieky me?a of egg, embellished in the centre with a cherry, and call it by some u n p r o- nouncable name. Neither did you have to eat with a shoe-horn. Did they trouble a bout soup before sitting down to a cut from the hip- pop otamus? That's what I call t-nse. A nation gains nothing by the sight of its stout men, whose waistooats slip upwards for OUR fAT MKN. I rea son s over which they have no control, eating soup with a three-decker chin, dropping spots on their third landing, as it were. Some men can take soup like humans, others wade round the edges, using one iron all the way round. And as for making our own cheese-isuffl- cient unto the day is the regular breed of cheese. Cheese-making is a gift, eating it i.4 often a crime. Some cheese is 80 soft that if you don't want to eat it you can drink it. Then there is that other brand, which sits up and answers you back. Never let British housewives attempt to imitate it. I have tried that other brand, which is so stringy that if I had had the score I could have played it. Yes, let us hurry back to the old simple way of living with just one Stilton loose about the house. "A farmer told me in the most matter-of- fact manner- that he had shot a fox which had been lying about his fowlhouses for a fortnight." So writes "Beechcomber" in the "Daily Express." Here are a few other .sensational items of news which have come under my notice:— Remarkable presence of mind saved the life of Mr. James Jones-Smythe, of Suburbia. It appears he waa going home from the City when a frenzied butcher rushed at him with a hatchet. Just as he GIVEN IN CHARGE. was bringing the hatchet down, Mr. Jones -Smythe stepped aside 8m artly a n.d started to run. When Mr. Horace Pipgood, the well knewn m i I I i o n-aire, ar- rived home the other night he found a burglar on the stairs, with all the family flate in a sack. n the m s t matter of fact manner, Mr. Pip- good ordered the burglar to leave at once, and he did so, banging the door as he left. A remarkable story comes from Harpney, where Mr. G. Rouser the other day rang up a friend on the telephone and actually got through. Mr. C. Hutney, the well-known explorer, had a wonderful experience the other week in Central Africa, where he was set upon by a man-eating tiger. In the most matter- of-fact manner Mr. C. Hutney repeatedly warned the beast, but eventually had to send for a policeman. Of course we all have our fanny little ways. There is the case of that man who at the Acton Police-court stated that he had left his wife thirteen times. But that has nothing to do with blackberries. Black- berry-picking is one of our pastimes at the moment, and is proving useful as a dye. Therefore it is our duty to pluck blackber- ries, and it is a much better sport than the German indoor hobby of committing suicide and singing Ach, du lieber Augustin" or something to that effect. Blackberries are also used for the purpose of making jelly, which is very useful and quite handy if you happen to be wanting a lett-er-copier and run short of gelatine, but the particular charm of this fruit of the blackest hue is in gathering them. All you need is a thick suit, a pair of gloves, a day off, and one hand armed with a thick, crooked stick, the other arm being full of girl. You are then ready for the sport. My only objection to the blackberry bush is that it is taught at a very early age to arm itself with very prickly thorns. I always find these thorns. I never miss a single one, I do not think I shall ever make any great shakes of a blackberry gatherer. I feel certain I could never take it up as a steady thing. Poets are fond of singing about the beauties of the country and the bushes, and the scenery swimming in purple and gold, but no poet ever picked blackberries. When 1 pick blackberries I never see this sort of scenery. All I see is thorns, huge thorns. Judged by the feeling, they are all several inches in length. My friends dare not come near me for fear of being pricked by them. I say this sort of hobby is hot for me. Other people go out to bring blackberries home. I only bring home thorns and high words. At the same time, in my opinion, there is nothing which brings a man more up to the scratch than blackberrying.
I NOTABLE TOASTS. Next to the toast of "The King," which is lrunk every night in every military and naval officers' mess, probably the most toasted man in the world is Robert Burns, the poet. There are hundreds of Bums Clubs, and Scots keep them up even on the battlefield, and whenever they foregather "the immortal memory" is toasted. One of the quaintest toasts is the one and only of the Two Pius Club. The name of the club, which is an equestrian one, is derived from Turpin and Gilpin, and the "nly toast per- mitted is "To Turpin's daring and Gilpin 8 respectability." The Mayor and Corporation of Plymouth drink to the memory of Sir Francis Drake every year, not because he beat the Arrnada and was the first English- man s ound the globe, but because he first brought water to the old borough. This is the ancient and solemn toast: "May the descendants of him who brought water never want wine." A rather ambiguous toast, truly. It might do for teetotallers! In the famous old hall of Gray's Inn only one toast is proposed. It is, "The glorious and pious and immortal memory of Queen Eliza- beth." Seeing that Baoon and Burleigh were benchers of Gray's, there is no wonder that the tradition ia that Elizabeth treated J the Inn very well and showed its members much favour.
THRILLING STORIES OF FIGHTS WITII I I SUBMARINES. The following striking stories of the war against the submarines are taken from the Admiralty records: One of the coastal airships, of a type familiar to visitors at seaside resorts, was recently on patrol, and sighted a steamer in distress. On descending to investigate closer it was found that Ae had been tor- pedoed by an enemy submarine, but was capable of being towed into harbour. Ac- cordingly the airship summoned assistance by wireless, and until it arrived hovered protectingly round the crippled merchant- man. No signs of her late assailant were visible, and in due course the steamer was taken in tow by tugs and headed for har- bour. The aerial escort accompanied the tow, and about an hour later sighted the conning "tower of a submarine about five miles to the south-eastward of the convoy, apparently manoeuvring for another shot. The airship instantly signalled by wireless the position of the submarine to all men-of- war in the vicinity, and swooped down to attack. The submarine saw her jcoming, and dived, but too late to avoid this glit- tering Nemesis from the skies. Two bombs I were dropped simultaneously in/front of the swirl of his descent; a violent explosion ensued, followed by oil and air bubbles in I ominous quantities. Shortly after a de- stroyer arrived and investigated with sweeps. The airship, returning to her base for a further supply of bombs and petrol, was overtaken by the following aerial sig- nal: "You've undoubtedly bagged him." THE TRACK OF A TORPEDO. I On a subsequent occasion this same air- I ship, while flying in company with a west- I bound convoy of merchantmen, sighted the track of a torpedo, and a moment later ob- served a great column of water shoot up alongside one of the steamers. A subma- rine, relying on the state of the sea for con- cealment, had with great daring dived be- neath the armed escort and torpedoed her victim under their noses. The weather at the time was bad and rapidly getting worse; the airship shot down and along the residual track of the torpedo, at a speed of ninety miles an hour, and at the end of the track sighted the outline of a submerged submarine, which, her deadly work done, was leisurely proceeding westward. The air- ship turned and released her bombs while she hovered above the sinister green cigar. shaped shadow, and the explosion was fol- lowed by a vast evulsion of air and air bubbles. A calcium flare was dropped to mark the spot, and armed patrol vessels, summoned by signal, made assurance doubly sure with explosive charges. The airship returned to her base in the teeth of a head gale, and landed with the wind blow- ing forty-five miles per hour. SUBMARINE RAMMED. I A British: oiler was torpedoed by a sub- marine at dawn in very thick weather. A patrol ship which was in company at once circled round at high speed in an endeavour to sight the enemy, who had not been seen by either ship. After proceeding for two miles on what the commanding officer of the patrol ship judged the most likely course for the submarine, the man-of-war returned to the oiler, and found her still making way slowly, and in no danger of sinking. When about a quarter of a mile from their charge an object was sighted through the thick mist on the starboard beam. Altering course promptly, the patrol ship headed for the ob- ject at full speed: and the next moment realised that it was a large submarine on the surface. She was rammed abaft the conning tower, rolled completely over with a very violent explosion, and vanished. The sea was boiling with foam. in the midst of which immense air bubbles rushed to the surface for some minutes. Two men were seen struggling in the water, and life-belts flung to them. Only one of these had strength to cling to the lifebuoy; he was brought back into harbour, and is now a prisoner. The other sank before a boat could reach him. The patrol ship then took the oiler in tow, and returned with her to harbour. ( LIEUTENANT'S BRA. VE ACT J I The spirit of unostentatious gallantry per- vading the Minesweeping Service, which has already added to the imperishable traditions of the silent Navy, is epitomised by the recent behaviour of a lieutenant of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. This officer was in command of a motor launch attend- ing on a flotilla of minesweeping trawlers, when a drifting mine was sighted. A heavy sea was running at the time, and half a gale blowing. Attempts to sink the mine by gun- fire proved impossible, and darkness was ap- proaching, after which the mine would have been lost sight of, and would have drifted away a menace to navigation. The officer in question accordingly lowered a boat and pulled over to the mine, which was only visible every now and again on the smooth slope of a wave or when the crest broke in foam over the rounded top and sinister liorns Having pulled as close as he dared, the officer jumped overboard and swam to the mine with a line, which he passed through the ring-bolt in the top By this means the motor launch was enabled to tow the grim engine of destruction into smooth water, where eventually it was sunk by rifle fire. It must be remembered that a circular mine afloat in a gale is not the most stable of objects. The ring-bolt could only be reached with the utmost difficulty, and a mistake, a grab at one of the horns inad- vertently, would have brought the episode to a very swift conclusion.
A MEDIAEVAL TRADITION. I The latb Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria was the last European monarch to keep up the mediaeval practice of granting private audiences to rich and poor alike. The humblest subject could gain access to the Emperor, into whose ears he could state his case without even an official to overhear. When in Vienna two days a week were ap- pointed for the reception of personal pleas, and on those occasions the Imperial ante- chambers would be thronged by a motley crowd, ranging from peasants to nobles and cardinals, all of whom were received in audi- ence. irrespective of rank, in the order of their arrival.
RAILWAY LIBEL SUIT. I An action for libel and slander was I brought by Mr. J. H. Thomas, M.P., Gene- ral Secretary, Mr. J. H. Bellamy, President, and others connected with the National Union of Railwaymen, against Mr. John Bromley, Secretary of the Associated Society of Engineers and Firemen A verdict was returned and judgment entered for plain- tiffs, the Judge fixing the damages at = £ 15
MUNITIONERS' INCOME TAX. I One hundred and seventeen munition workers were summoned at Dartford for failing to pay income tax. The defendants included Belgians, Swedes, Danes, Swiss, Greeks, Dutchmen, and Aus- tralians, whilst the amounts due ranged » from 5s. to X5. I
GERMAN'S SON TO SERVE. I Gerald Roderwald, the British-born eon ot German parents, who some months ago told the West Kent Tribunal that his sympathies were "naturally with Germany," and has since made every possible effort to evade A.rmy service, has been finally handed over, handcuffed, as an absentee at Penge Police- court.
| While driving home Mr. Joseph B. Bur- ton, a well-known farmer, of Padbury, near Buckingham, was thrown from his trap and killed. West Kent Women's Agricultural Com- mittee have received an anonymous gift of £100 to be spent on the training of women for the land. So valuable has waste material become that the City of London Corporation is spending £ 500 on improving the methods of sorting the refuse at their depots
TWO DESTROYERS AND NINE NEUTRAL VESSELS SUNK. — —. GERMAN BRUTALITY. Admiralty, Saturday. Two very fast and heavily-armed German raiders attacked a convoy in the North Sea about midway between the Shetland Islandi and the Norwegian coast on Wednesday. Two British destroyers, his Majesty's ships Mary Rose (Lieutenant-Commander Charlea L. Fox) and Strongbow (Lieutenant-Com- mander Edward Brcoke), which formed the anti-submarine escort, at once engaged the enemy vessels and fought until sunk after a short and unequal engagement. Their gallant action held the German raiders sufficiently long to enable three of the merchant vessels to effect their escape. It is regretted, however, that five Norwe- gian, one Danish, and three Swedish vessel* all unarmed—were thereafter sunk by gun- fire without examination or warning of any kind and regardless of the lives of their crews and passengers. Lengthy comment on the action of the Germans is unnecessary, but it adds another example to the long list of criminally in- human deeds of the German navy. Anxious to make good their escape before British forces could intercept them, no effort was made to rescue the crews of the sunk British destroyers, and the Germans left the doomed merchant ships while still sink- ing, thus enabling British patrol craft which arrived shortly afterwards to rescue some thirty Norwegians and others of whom details are not yet known. The German navy by this act has once more and further degraded itself by this dis- regard of the historic chivalry of the sea. The German official communique on this subject states that the attack took place within the territorial waters in the neigh- bourhood of the Shetland Inlands, and that all the escort vessels, including the de- stroyers, were sunk with the exception of one escort fishing steamer. The statement as to the locality of tha attack is untrue, as is also the statement re- garding the destruction of the escort ves- sels. The enemy raiders succeeded in evading the British watching squadrons on the long dark nights both in their hurried outward dash and homeward flight. It is regretted that all the eighty-eight officers and men of his Majesty's ship Mary Rose and forty-ceven officers and men of his Majesty's ship Strongbow were lost. All the next-of-kin have been informed. NEUTRALS MURDERED. The Copenhagen correspondent of the "Daily Telegraph," quoting a Danish jour- nal, says the affair took place on Wednesday morning, and all the steamers and the two British destroyers escorting them were sunk in an hour. Seventy-one of the crews have been landed on the Norwegian coast, and eighty-six perished, according to present re- ports. Two German cruisers were observed early on Wednesday morning, but they flew no nags. They started firing at the British destroyers immediately, and the battle lasted half an hour. The British crews were still working their guns while their ships went down. Thereupon the Germans opened a mur- derous fire on the defenceless merchantmen. Frightful scenes took place on the decks, and many neutral seamen fell victims to the German shells. The crews of the convoy in- cluded 250 men. Captain Roenevig, of the Norwegian, steamer Kirsten, one of the convoyed vessels* reports:— "As soon as the firing started I ordered the crew to leave the vessel in a lifeboat, but a shell immediately struck the after- boat and killed seven men. In despair we tried to get back to the steamer, making & distress signal asking the Germans to dis- continue firing, but without result. The. shells were now directed 'at us amidships. and my men were swept down in the sea, together with the vessel's superstructure."
BRITISH SUBMARINE TORPEDOES GERMAN TRANSPORT Dr THE BALTIC. The following Russian official communique was issued on Sunday:- "A British submarine, which is with the Baltic fleet, during the enemy operations in the Gulf of Riga, encountered an enemy squadron, consisting of cruisers and Dread- noughts of the Markgraf type, and Launched two torpedoes- towards the leading Dread- nought, but, being violently shelled, the submarine was forced to plunge without wit- nessing the result of the attack. The same =ine, after travelling a oertain dis- tance, attacked some big enemy transports, which were being convoyed by destroyers. A well-aimed torpedo blew up one of the j transports."
FIGHTING AGAINST ODDS. < BRITISH MACHINES ENGAGE 90 ENEMY SCOUTS. Admiralty, Monday. At abou t noon on October 21 (Sunday) raids were carried out by naval aircraft on Vlisseghem Aerodrome and on Houttave Aerodrome. The bombs appeared to burst accurately. Both during the raids and on the return our bombing t, machines were attacked by enemy aircraft, two of which were shot down completely out of control. Our bombers all returned safely. During offensive and reconnaisance patrols five of our scouts engaged about twenty hostile scouts, two of the latter being de- stroyed and two driven down completely out Qf control. One of our pilots is missing. ———— —————
LIABILITY OF APPRENTICES. In the King's Bench Division on Monday an appeal was heard of a firm of straw hat manufacturers at Luton who sought to have enforced the provisions of an indenture with a young girl apprentice. The Luton magis- trates, having regard to the abnormal con- ditions prevailing in August, 1916, when the deed was executed, had declined to enforce its provisions on the ground that they were not reasonable. For the appellants Mr. Hugo Young, K.C., stated that the girl waa apprenticed for four years, but she broke her indentures and obtained a place as a domestic servant, being attracted by the high wages which were now being paid. The appeal was allowed, the case being remitted to the justices to make an order for the apprentice to carry out the provisions of the indenture.
DURING PROHIBITED HOURS. At Eastbourne Police-court on Monday, the Sanitary Steam Laundry Company were fined nine guineas for employing women during prohibited hours. For the defence it was stated the women, who were mostly en- gaged on hotel orders, worked of their own free will at double wages. The laundry was overwhelmed with business owing to the in- flux of visitors, which had nearly doubled the population of the town.
Since April the Dublin Corporation have had a continuous overdraft at the Bank of Ireland. It amounted at one time to X70,000, and is now £ 40,000. Employees in the traffic branch of the L.C.C. tramways have asked for a 100 per cent. increase on pre-war rates. The Council have referred the demand to the Concilia- tion Board. Sir Alfred Bobbins, president of the Board of General Purposes of the United Grand Lodge of England, has been pre- sented with a gold watch in recognition, of his services to Freemasonry, and of the honour # of knighthood recently oonfcrred upon him. 11 ■