NOTES ON HEWSL I Party politics ceased with the outbreak I of war. Some' people believe that there I LABOUR'S NEW MOVE. will never be party poli- tics any more, while others are of opinion that they are only in a state I of suspense, and will revive again when the war is over. Probably there will always be parties, though labels and poli- cies may be changed. It is clear, at any rate, that the Labour Party expects to be very much- alive- after the war. It has formulated a new constitution, and an- nounces that it will welcome into its fold ill future producers by brain as well as "producers by hand." The announcement appears to have caused something of a sen- sation, as though to include in its mem- bership brain-workers as well as manual- workers was something entirely new for the Labour Party. One has only to recall the names of prominent men in the party to see that some of them are not, and I never have been. employed in the mine, the factory, or the workshop. They are "producers by brain," and have entered the Labour Party as members of some affi- liated society. It is in this particular that a change has been made. There will be no need of such a channel in future. Whoever wishes to join the Labour Party will be able to do so through the local organisation as easily as he (or she) can join any other party. There will be no need to qualify by membership of a trade union, a Socialist society, or anything else. The Labour Party is looking ahead. Its organisers have an eve upon the Reprcsen- AFTER THE NEW VOTERS. tation of the People Bill, and the millions of elec- tors, both men and women, who will be added to the register by its meall. Never since party organisations came into being has there been such an army of possible re- cruits. How will all these new votes be cast when a general election comes ? It is an interesting speculation. Evidently the Labour Party means to get as many ef them as possible. So it came along in good time with its policy and its new con- stitution. Its making the admission of "producers by brain easier than it has been is undoubtedly a wise move. In the past there has been a widespread opinion that the Labour Party was the party of the trade unionists, and that its main work in the world was to obtain higher wages and better working conditions for the "producers by hand." Its new con- stitution and policy will correct that idea, and no doubt it will obtain its due propor- tion of members from all classes in the same way as the older parties. An entirely new political party has made Us bow within the past few days. The THE CO-op. LN POLITICS. co-operative societies have decided to enter into politics, with all their millions of members. Their decision appears to have been taken in consequence of the Prime Minister's disinclination to receive a deputation of co-operators. At least, he could not make it convenient to receive them when they wanted him to, and when he did consent they said it was too late. A clear case of "He that will not when he may, When he will ho shall have nay." So the co-operators are going to make themselves a political power, and one gathers that they intend to make things hot for somebody. The membership of the societies is so vast that if they could be persuaded to act in politics as a united body they would become a power indeed. But can they? Anybody with electioneer- ing experience knows that, however united and whole-hearted members of these socie- ties may be in the purpose for which the societies primarily exist, when it comes to politics proper they are of all shades of opinion. There are Conservative as well as Liberal co-operators, Free Traders and Tariff Reformers, Labourites and Social- ists. Will it be possible to unite all these, with their varying opinions, in favour of any possible political programme? For a political party must have other planks in its platform besides that of sharing profits from the manufacture and sale of commo- dities. America has issued a highly important statement with regard to its embargo on AMERICA AND THE BLOCKADE. tra de with neutral nations. The Allied blockade of Germany has been something less than complete owing to the difficulty of dealing with Holland and the Scandinavian countries. While America was a neutral there was the danger of trouble with her if the Allies put drastic measures into operation. But now America is one of the Allies, with a very powerful voice in the business. Three months ago she warned the neutrals against supplying Germany with commodities which had their origin in the United States, and re- quested them to give information concern- ing their consumption, production, and re- quirements of all commodities, especially foodstuffs. The statement now issued says that some of the neutral countries have persisted in sending large quantities of vital supplies to Germany and her allies, in spite of the warning, and that repeated requests for information as to what these countries need for their own sustenance have met with little response. The United States Government, therefore, has decided to deny export licences so long as the in- formation is withheld, and so long as the countries concerned continue to help Ger- many as they have been doing. The United States is prepared to help the neutrals, even at a sacrifice, but it demands, quite fairly, a guarantee that the supplies fur- nished "will not be turned against us to prolong the war and teo kill our sons." The new national housing scheme will be I controlled and directed by the Local Gov- NATIONAL HOUSING SCHEME. ernment Board. Reports received from local authorities s how that throughout the country about 100,000 new work- men's dwellings are urgently required, and it is stated that under the scheme from 150,000 to 200,000 will be erected to meet the after-war conditions. So that for some time after the end of the war there should be plenty of work for all connected with the building trade. The type and size of the houses will vary according to the dis- trict in which they are to be built, but all the parts will be standardised, from bricks to window-fittings. Perhaps the picture called up by this announcement is not a very attractive one, but a statement by Mr. Henry Aldridge, secretary of the National Housing and Town Planning Council, is reassurin g on that head. He said: In future there would be origin- ality in the design of the house, and that for the labourer could be just as artistic as that of the rich man." Under the natio- nal scheme gardens for food cultivation will be provided in every possible case, and the Local Government Board will encour- age the local authorities to purchase land for this purpose, it being realised that the working man's garden will be of national value in the years of world-shortage of food following the war.
Lord Colwyn has been admitted to th6 freedom of the City of London through the Guild of Felt Makers. Miss Righton, of Disloy, Cheshire, has been appointed acting surveyor to the local rural council in place of her brother, Lieut. L Righton, who is going abroad. Members of several skilled trade unions, it IK announced, are now allowed an abate- ment of k4 per annum from income-tax as- sessment for the renewal aud upkeep of tools, instead of .£1.
SIR DOUGLAS HAIG'S MESSAGE TO I WAR CABINET. The following message has been received from Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig by the Chief of the Imperial General Staff, War Office Please convey the following in reply to the me-ssage from the Prime Minister trans- mitted by you:- The British Armies in France are proud to have won the congratulations of the War Cabinet and the generous appreciation con- veyed in, your me swage of the efforts made and the results achieved in Flanders since the 31st of Julv.. All ranks are determined to achieve vic- tory, and feel confident of doing so. I beg to thank you for your expre.ssion of confi- dence in myself and i*i the great army in France which I have the honour to com- mand.
MOTHER'S FUTILE JOURNEY. I While travelling in a train from South- ampton to London, where she hoped to see her son, who was an airman, after an ab- sence of eight years, Mrs. Mabel Hyde, forty-four, widow, read in a newspaper that he was dead. She had travelled all the way from India solely to see him. Having confirmed the news at the War Office, the distracted woman went to her sister's house at Muswell Hill and took poison. A Homsey jury returned a verdict of "Unsound mind."
A RUSSIAN EXEMPTION. I In the King's Bench Divisional Court, Justices Darling, Avory, and Sankey dis- charged the rule granted by Mr. Justice Hill in the Vacation Court, calling upon the Special Local Tribunal for London to hear and determine an application by a Russian subject named Abraham Spolansky for exemption from military service. The Court upheld the Attorney-General's^ contention that appellant having failed to avail himself of the opportunity given him to. go to Russia he had become enlisted in this country.
FEAR OF BURIAL ALIVE. I Miss Phoebe Dean, of Clarendon-road, Eccles, Lancashire, who diec in July last, leaving ES,731, stated in her will:- "Having, in my childhood, narrowly escaped being buried alive, I direct my trustees to engage a surgeon to sever the principal artery in my body two days after my death."
I SUCCESSFUL RAID BY ARABS. I The Secretary of the War Office states that there is no change in the situation on the Palestine front. Two hostile aeroplanes have been brought down in our lines re- cently. Information has also been received that early in the month Arab forces successfully raided the railway communications to the north of Medina.
A DOUBLE tRAGEDY. I At Elvington, near York, Harry Bar kef, twenty-eight, cashier and trades manager, and his wife, Norah, twenty-eight, wer« found dead in their bedroom, the throats of both being deeply gashed. Barker was due to join the Army, and, according to one of his colleagues, was keen to join up, but it is believed that his wife was very depressed at his impending departure.
I LORD BUXTON'S SON KILLED. I Second Lieutenant the Hon. Denis Bux- ton, Coldstream Guards, only eon of Vis- count Buxton, Governor-General of South Africa, has been missing since October 9, and is believed to have bten, killed. Lieutenant Buxton, who was born in November, 1897, went to Sandhurst, and re- ceived his commission in October last year.
SIR W. P. BYLES, M.P., DEAD. J Sir William Pollard Byles, Liberal M.P. for North Salford since 1906, has died in London. Sir William Byles, who was proprietor of the "Bradford Observer," now the "York- shire Observer," for many years represented the Shipley Division of Yorkshire before winning North Salford. He was knighted in 1911.
I BARRISTER SPECIALS. I Mr. Justice Neville has announced that the judges of the Chancery Division had agreed that when it was a convenience to counsel who were special constables to ap- pear in their uniform instead of legal robes the judges would be very pleased to give them audiencc.
I RAMADIE'S VICTOR DECORATED. I The King has conferred the dignity of Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George upon Major-General Sir Harry Trisoott Brooking, K.C.B., in recognition of distinguished services in the field in connection with the capture of Ramadie.
I FAMOUS SHIPOWNER DEAD. I Mr. Joseph Hoult, the millionaire ship- owner, of Liverpool, was found dead in bed at his country residence, Rowscar, Penrith. He was M.P. for the Wirral Divisian of Cheshire from 1900 to 1906.
I TEA PRICES FIXED. I Lord Rhondda has taken action to limit the prices charged for tea. By the Tea (Provi- sional Prices) Order, 1917, the Controller pro- vides that no tea of Classes A., B., or C., under the 90 per cent. Tea Control, 1917, shall be sold at prices exceeding the pricert permitted under that scheme, ana that no tea other than of tjjbose clauses shall be sold after October 31 at a price exceeding 4s. per lb. In Ireland the Food Contro. Committee may, subject to aiiv directions of the Food Con- -troller, vary such prices either generally or in any particular case. When tea is de- livered a charge not exceeding a halfpenny per lb. may be added, or any reasonable sum actually paid by the seLer for carriage. It is explained in the Order that Class A. tea, Class B. tea, and Class C. tea shall mean such toas as have been, or may be, so classified under the Tea Control Scheme," whether as originally framed or as amended. The National Food Hitherto, according to The National Food Journal," the organ of the, Ministry, the prices of .India and China tea have been, by arrangement, 2s. 4d. to 3s. per lb.
I GIRL SET ALIGHT BY BOY. I 1 At Stepney an inquest was held on Rachel Miller, the nine-year-old daughter of a water- side labourer. The girl died from burns caused by being set alight by a boy named Crawley, aged six. ?gn -? boy admitted taking matches from home, and? seeing some girls sitting on a door- step, set light to a piece of paper and put it against their clothes. Dr. Westcott, the coroner, held that the boy could not be charged with manslaughter, be- cause he was legally under the age of a criminal mind. At the same time he thought the father should give the boy a "good hiding.
Regarding the suspension of transfer travelling facilities on the tramways, it was stated at the London County Council that time was required to note the effect of the change, when the subject could be con- sidered.
I CLOB WINDOW. I Lord Hugh Cecil bears a famous name, tb4 origin of which has been the subject of muclj diligent inquiry. The two most interesting derivations at." those of Andrew Lang and Russell Lowell. Laug was of opinion that the name Cecil is derived from the Roman Caecilius, and gave the family an enormously long pedigree. Lowell averred that the original form was Sicile, and believed that the family were Jews from Sicily. I Sir John Simon has, throughout his legal career, been noted for his extraordinary "thoroughness. The following is a typical instance of his methods. He had not long been called to the Bar when he was briefed to defend a man wh ose sole chance of being acquitted depended on there being insuffi- cient evidence of identification. "You < say you are sure the defendant is the man?" asked Sir John of the chief witness for the prosecution. "Yes," was the reply. "Have you a good memory for faces?" was Sir John's next question. "Yes." "Ah! Now I want to know if you can see anyone in this court, who was in your shop last night talking to you? The witness looked round the court and then answered decidedly that he could not. "Good!" said Sir John. "Now, have you ever seen me before?" "Never," declared the witness positively. "Then it may surprise you to learn," said Sir John, quietly, "that I entered your shop last night' and bought a packet of pins!" The collapse of the witness was complete, and Sir John won his case. When a member of the Junior Bar, Lord Reading once had occasion to visit St. Stephen's, and marched boldly through the Palace Yard. He succeeded in getting jyjst the policeman on duty, who^P however, tected him a second or two later, and, over- taking him, confronted him with the ques- tion: "Excuse me; sir, but are you a mem- ber?" "Not yet," was the reply, "but I am going to be soon." "I hope you will, sir," said the policeman; "but, meanwhile, would you mind going round the other way?" That, "meanwhile," confesses the former Mr. Rufus Isaacs, lasted twelve years. < <" Admiral Moux tells an amusing story of a man he once knew who achieved a record by firing twelve dozen cartridges without kill- ing a single bird. As the unhappy man had previously been bragging to his wife about his prowess with a. gun, he was obviously in a bit of a quandary. However, on the way home he turned into a poulterer's shop and bought a brace of partridges. These, on. his arrival, he threw on the table in front of his better half, saying casually, "There you are, my dear! The birds were scarce and shy, but I managed to bag one brace." The wife examined the birds carefully. "A fine brace, eh?" interjected her spouse, beginning to feel uneasy Dick," replied the wife, turn- ing from the birds with a grimace, "you i were quite right in shooting these birds to- day to-morrow it would have been too late." Sir John Kirk, famous for hk work in con- nection with the Ragged School Union, has a great opinion- of the keen-wittedness of the alum child. Here is one of his stories. One day a, little girl of seven or eight went to school with her tiny brother, who had been absent for some weeks. "Where have you been? inquired the mistress. The girl was full of excuses, but eventually a bright idea flashed into her mind. "Please, teacher," she whispered, "my little brother has been ill," and turning to her diminutive relative, she said, "Sneeze, Billy, and let the teacher see what a bad cold you've got." Mr. Andrew Carnegie has a rare fund of amusing stories about Scotsmen that he delights to relate to his friends, and a par- ticularly good one concerns the Scottish pro- nunciation of English. A very old Scott, named Gordon, was very ill, and his nephew, who had "expectations" from him, per- suaded him to make his will. After a good deal of hesitation, the old fellow at last con- sented to do so and the testament was duly drawn up. As he was about to sign it, how- ever, his nephew noticed that his hand trembled and he appeared to grow worse. "George Gor-" wrote the old man at the end of his will and then he stopped dead. "Go on uncle—D! D!" prompted his nephew in an agony of apprehension Jest the will should not be signed. But his uncle sat up in bed and glared at him ferociously. "Dee! Dee!" he shouted. "No I'll not dee until I'm ready ye averreecious wretch!" And so determined to live had this incident made him that he didn't "dee" either. Lord Willoughby de Broke, the master of the Warwickshire Hunt, one of the oldest- established packs in the country, is a strong believer in the maintenance of fox-hunting as the national sport. He is a first-rate sportsman. Lord' Willoughby will not have it that light horse breeding is likely to work itself out. To-day many young men speak, he said, in terms of aeroplanes and other means of locomotion, but his view is that there will be a general desire on the part of the people who live in the country districts for a generous revival of fox-hunting, and that those who follow hounds will want to do so on the best horses they can get. w w Mr. Robert Lansing, the American Secre- tary of State, tells a good story of how an old negro woman made her way into the executive offices at Washington one day re- cently and implored him, with tears in her eyes, to use his influence to obtain a pardon for her husband, who was in gaol. "What's he in for?" asked Mr. Lansing. "Fo' nothin' but stealin' a ham," explained the wife. "You don't want him pardoned," nrgued Mr. Lansing; "if he got out he would very likely only make trouble for you again." "'Deed, I does want him out ob dat place," she objected. "I needs dat man." "Why do you need him?" inquired Mr. Lansing patiently. "Me an' de chillun," she said, apparently in perfect seriousness, "needs another ham!" • Lieut.-Colonel Godfrey P. Collins, M.P., a Companion of the Order of St, Michael and St. George, is a man of many parts. A career in the Navy was intended for him, and with that end in view he was educated on H.M.S. Britannia. After serving for several years as a midshipman on the East Indian Station, however, he retired from the Service in 1893. When General Seely was Secretary for War, Colonel Collins acted as his Parliamentary private secretary. An expert -tennis player and a devotee of yacht- ing, the gallant Colonel, as managing direc- tor of Messrs. W. Collins and Sons, Ltd., of Glasgow, is an influential personage in the publishing world. Sir F. E. Smith tells a particularly amusing story concerning a dinner given by a captain to the men under him before they left for the front. "Now, boys," said the captain before the meal had commenced, "treat this dinner* as you will the enemy." This invitatio. to the "attack" was answered with a will, and the soldiers tho- roughly enjoyed themselves. After, the dinner was over, however, the captain found one of the men hastily stowing away bbttles of champagne into a bag. "What are you doing there?" he demanded, highly annoyed. "I am only obeying orders, sir," replied the soldier. "Obeying orders!" shouted the cap- tain. "What do you mean?" "Well," an- swered the "Tommy," with an injured air, "you told us to treat the dinner like the enemy, sir, and when we meet the enemy, sir, those we don't kill we take prisoners."
I J "CANNING THE KAISER." I Mr. Winston Churchill, the famous American novelist, speaking at the Ameri- can Club luncheon, said Americans hoped to put all their wealth into "canning I?6 Kaiser." The Allies had already boiled him and it was now their time to complete the canning process.
M. Poincare, President of the French Re- I public, will continue as Lord Rector of Glasgow University—his term of office ex- pires on October 2G--for another year by sanction of the Secretary for Scotland. John Millen, known as Jock Mills, the Scotch comedian, aged forty-two, haa had his conditional exemption withdrawn by Glasgow Tribunal. He earned X20 per week and had music-hall contracts till 1920.
DRESS OF THE DAY. I —— —— TWO SMART HATS. I Milliner*' shops and showrooms in th< West-End are full of interest just now, fo] they are making a great show of new mil linery for autumn and winter wear. Mucl of this new millinery, in fact, the very greal majority of the models shown, is both smarl and becoming, and, though exaggeration* do exist, they are comparatively few il number and are rigorously avoided by thE really well-dressed woman. Hats of all size: are shown and worn this year. There is th< large, I had almost written immense, model there is the vefy tiny hat, which really oughl to be called a toque, and there is every variety of 1 size and shape between these ex- tremes. The two hats sketched in our illus- tration are typical of all that is newest and best in the millinery world. Both are large, though the two are quite different in type, and both are carried out in velvet. The upper hat is made of wood-brown velvet, a deep warm shade that is becoming to the majority of folk, and has a delightfully warm effect in these cold winter months. The brim is wide and flat, but the extreme edge is turned up sharply all round the hat to the depth of about half an inch. This edge is bound with heavy corded brown ribbon, which shows just a hair line of dark green between the heavy brown ribs. The crown is fairly high, and has a soft "tammy top which is set into a very wide band of the Velvet. A narrow strip of the corded ribbon encircles the base of the crown. The second hat, a particularly smart model, is made of black panne velvet. The crown is high and straight, but has a funny little soft top which looks almost as though someone had knocked the stiffening out of it and bulged it in, just as Tommy treats his soldier's cap. The brim is very wide, -and has just the merest suggestion of a downward bend. The entire trimming con- sists of a pale beige ribbon, almost the colour of vellum, which is folded round the crown and tied in a huge, smart bow at the back. THE FUR COLLAR. I The big fur collar is certainly one oi. the most striking features of the winter modes. Generally speaking, it may be turned up or down at the pleasure of the wearer, and is certainly a most comfortable addition to a winter garment. It is carried out in almost every variety of fur, the favourite pelts, however, being skunk, coney chinchilla, fisher, beaver, coney opossum, and natural musquash. JUMPER DRESSING JACKET. I The jumper dressing jacket shown in our I illustration is a very smart garment. If preferred it could be made open in front. The jumper style is at its zenith, and per- haps in a little while women will be weary- I [Refer to X 831.] I ing of the slip-over styles. For the present, however, the dressing jacket of this vogue strikes one as quite piquant and alluring, especially when built to match a dainty pet- ticoat THE TUNIC. I Quite a number of the new frocks for afternOOll wear are made with a tunic, of more or lesa pronounced form, which is almost invariably of some transparent, or semi-transparent material. To illustrate what I mean, let me describe a dress re- cently made by a well-known West-End firm for a pretty br;de who is to be married this month. This dress was carried out in very soft and rather dull satin in a beauti- ful warm shade of Burgundy. This under- dress of satin was absolutely plain, and had long, rather close fitting sleeves. Over it came a sleeveless tunic of Georgette in exactly the tame shade. This had a beauti- fully shaped collar edged with silvery coney chinchilla, and was belted at8 the waist by an embroidered satin band. The tunic was much longer at the back than in front, and was bordered, like the front, by the grey fur. The front of the tunic was ornamented by embroidery worked in silk of the same Colour, with just a little grey and pastel blue introduced here and there. Paper patterns can be supplied, price 61. When ordering, please quote number, en- close remittance, and address to Miss Lisle, 6, La Belle Sauvage, London, E.C.
Lieutenant King, of the Reserve Hussars, has been killed while giving an exhibition of bomb-throwing at Wykham Park, Ban- bury. A bomb exploded in his hand and blew him to pieces. A fine of -650 was imposed at Old-street Police-court on Israel Garfinckle, a Spital- fields grocer, for making a false return when applying for a certificate of registra- tion as ct sugar retailer. Cambridge University's war list contains CambridIKe Universit 1ti e 's number. killed ex- 14,600 names, while the number killed ex- ceeds 2,000, and the distinctions won include 8 V.C.'s, 214 D.S.O.'s, 803 M.C.'S, and 18 D-S.C.'a.
TURKISH FORCES DRIVEN ACROSS I THE DIALA. The Secretary of the War Office on Sun- day issued the following announcement:— The General Officer Commanding Mesopo- tamian Expeditionary Force reports that during October 18th, 19Ui, and 20th success- ful operations were carried out in the vicinity of Deltawa and Kizil Robat. Our columns concentrating during the night of 18th-19th, took the offensive on the following morning, and by an enveloping movement drove the enemv across the Diala at a point north of Beled" Ruz and at Kizil Robat, where the Turkish forces destroyed the bridge and occupied the southern hills of the JebeU Ilamrin ridge. Some prisoners were taken, and also some wagon load-s of ammunition. ————— ————-—
I VOLUNTEERS AND EXEMPTION. I In an Army Order that has been issued to meet the cases of men who have been ex- empted from military service on condition of joining a' Volunteer corps but have not done so, it is stated that in this case the certificate of exemption never comes into force, and the man becomes liable for ser- vice without further application to the Tri- bunal by the military re presentative, but he is not to be called up until the fact that ho is no longer protected has been brought by the military representative to the notice of the Trihunal dnd of the man. If a Tribunal has exempted a man on con- dition that he joins Section B, but subse- quently withdraws tle condition, the man is not thereby released. The decision resta with the G.O.C. concerned. Military representatives are instructed not to press Tribunals to impose or con- tinue the condition of joining a Volunteer corps where the obligation would be un- duly onerous. —
I DRUGGED WITH CIGARETTE. I At the Old Bailey on Saturday Elias Weinstein, a Rumanian jeweller, was sen- tenced to fifteen months' hard labour for stealing fourteen 1,000 franc notes from Hyman Jacobson, a Cricklewood watch- maker. Weinstein, it was stated, induced Jacob- son to withdraw nearly X500 from the bank I and purchase the notes as a good invest- ment, saying that Jacobson could sell when the value of the franc was enhanced. After Jacobson had fallen a victim to- what counsel described as this "elaborate confidence trick," he was drugged with a doctored cigarette by Weinstein, who then stole the notes.
I BRUGES DOCKS BOMBED. I Admiralty, Sunday. On the night of October 19 and during the morning of the 20th bombing raids by naval aircraft were carried out on the fol- lowing military objectives: Bruges Dock. Engel Aerodrome. A fire is reported to have broken out at the latter place. Large quantities of explo- sives were dropped. All machines returned safely.
I REV. T. SPURGEON DEAD. I The Rev. Thomas Spurgeon, the well- known Baptist minister, and twin son of the famous Rev. Charles Haddon Spurgeon, has died. He succeeded his father in the pastorate of the Metropolitan Tabernacle in 1893. Owing to ill-health he resigned the appointment in 1908. In earlier life he waa minister of the Baptist Church at Auckland, New Zealand. He held the ofifces of presi- dent of the Pastors' College and of the Stockwell Orphanage, founded by his father. Mr. Spurgeon had just completed his sixty- first year.
I FOOD FOR PRISONERS. I At Sheffield, Ralph Whawell, a carter, was charged with conveying 6ix loaves of bread to prisoners of war, thereby commit- ting an act likely to assist in the escape of the prisoners. He was sentenced to six months' hard labour. A number of German prisoners are engaged at one of the works in the city, and Whawell admitted that one of them gave him Is. 7d. for the purchase of the bread.
I KING HOLDS INVESTITURE. .Nine V.C.'s were bestowed by the King at an open-air Investiture in the forecourt of Fuckingham Palace on Saturday morning. In four instances the decoration was re- ceived by the next-of-kin. Twenty-one workmen were also decorated by the King at the Palace for acts of gal- lantry in the industrial field. The majority of them are miners.
I 44THE NATION" BAN REMOVED. Sir Reginald Brade has made the follow- ing communication to the editor of the "Nation" > "I am commanded by the Army Council to inform you that they have with- drawn the instruction communicated to you on April 7, 1917, in regard to the treatment of copies of the 'N ation' found in course of transmission abroad."
I AIR RAID SICKNESS BENEFIT. In the House of Commons, Sir Edward Cornwall, for the Insurance Commissioners, stated that approved societies may not re- fuse benefit where sickness was due to air raids, except when the injury complained of had arisen out of or in course of a person's employment. In that event it would come under the Workmen's Compensation Act. -0
NO TIME FOR SORROWS. Mr. Tom Wing, M.P., tells the following j story of a venerable Scotch mother who has lost four sons in the war. When asked by a sympathising friend how ehe managed to bear her sorrow, the old woman replied, "Well, I just keep on knit- ting socks and jerseys. I count the stitches, and I haven't time to count my sorrows."
VICAR'S SUDDEN DEATH. The Rev. John Melbourne Perry, M.A., who a few days ago was inducted vicar of Gorleston, and was to have begun his vicariate by conducting services on Sunday, | was taken ill suddenly on Saturday and has died. Mr. Perry, who was thirty-five years of age, was formerly at Swansea.
BURGLARY FROM RAILWAY. At Middlesex Sessions on Saturday Leon Constant Duerisse, an ex-Belgian soldier, was sentenced to twelve months hard labour and Jack West, thirty-four, said to be of German parentage, to three years' penal servitude for burglary at the L. and S.W. station at Turnham Green.
For using a quantity of meat in exces3 of the legal allowance, Miss Const-mce Bow- man, secretary of the Ladies' Empire Club. Grosvenor-street. London, W., was fined .£7 lis. and costs at Marlborough-street Police-court. Surgeon-General Sir W. Babtie, who waa censured in the Mesopotamia Commission's Report, has submitted Ms explanation, which the Army Council have found satis- factory. He has resumed his official duties. A soldier who has completed twelve years' service and has attained the age of forty- one is entitled to his discharge, says Mr. Macphereon, if when the time for his dis- charge occurs he does not come under the Military Service Act, 1916.
A small pad of tissue paper spriikled With methylated spirits makes an excellent window cleaner. When maklrg mustard, instead of %atet mix with a little milk and a pinch of Tsalt. It keeps it soft and makes it go further. When knitting socks it will be found they last longer if a strand of silk or thread be knitted into the toes and heels with t&e wool. If you moisten your blacklead with am. monia it will give a brilliant and lasting polish. It will last for weeks with an occa- sional brushing, up. When scissors get blunt, sharpen them by opening and moving backwards and forwardl- on a piece of glatw. After washing your saucepans be sure you lay them in front of the fire for five or ten minutes so that they may dry the. roughly inside.. and so prevent deteriorating through getting rusty. The best way to clean tin pots and pane is to use soa p and whiting rubbed on with a flannel, and afterwards wipe with a clean, dry, soft cloth. Potato parings should not be wasted. Dried, they form excellent kindling for a Dri,edthey *boiled and added to barley-meal or bran they make very good food for ducks and chickens. —— —— WASHING COLOURED GOODS. When washing coloured goods add vinegar- in the proportion of a tablespoonful to a- quart of wat-er. It will brighten blue, green, red, and pink goods which have faded, and prevent the colour from running. USE Fop. LEFT-OVER STARCH. Use instead of water for mixing red ochre or whitening for the kitchen hearth. It will remain on the stone longer than if mixed with water. The same applies to the door- step. CLEANING FURNITURE, Before applying polish to a chair or table the furniture should be well wiped over with a cloth wrung out of lukewarm water to which a little vinegar has been added. This cleans the wood, and a clean surface will take a much more brilliant polish than &. dirty one. MARKS ON CHINA. To remove brown marks from china, put the articles in a saucepan with cold water and a lump of soda. Put the pan on the stove and let it boil for fifteen minutes. Then rinse the china, well, and you will find that the marks will have disappeared. CARE OF BLANKETS. Blankets which are woven in pairs nearly always begin to wear through in the centre and at the ends. This can be effectually prevented by sewing them together in the same fashion as a roller towel, so that the- folds at the top and bottom of the bed can be constantly changed, and the blankets worn equally all over. Single blankets can be treated in the same manner, it being ■ necessary in this case to sew them at both ends. I To KEEP PANS BRIGHT. Before putting a brig-ht pan on the fire. rub it over with a little dripping. When washing up, use soapy water, and when dry rub with a soft duster. By this method your pans will be kept bright for weeks. CLOTHES-LINES HINT. Long clothes-lines can be prevented from sagging by means of the following simple device: Bore a quarter-inch hole through- the pole about two inches from one end; through this pass a piece of strong wrapping-twine about one foot in length, tying its enda- together to form a loop. To use, simply throw the loop over the clothes-line and push the end of the pole up through it. The twine will encircle the clothes-line, gripping it tightly, and no matter how hard the wind may blow the pole cannot slip. I SOME USEFUL RECIPES. DUTCH CHEESE CAKES.—Grate half a pound of Dutch cheese, and mix it with an ounce of castor sugar, then add one ounce of melted butter, an ounce of flour, and the yolk of an egg. Mix all together, then stir in the grated rind-of a small lemon and an ounce of sultanas. Whip the white of the egg very stiffly, and add to the other ingre- dients. Have ready some good puff pastry, form into cases, fill with the mixture, and bake for from thirty to forty minutes. APPLE AND OATMEAL CAKES.—Take threa ounces of oatmeal, and boil it till thoroughly swelled, then dry carefully. Peel and core six large apples and chop them into small dice; mix the apples with the oatmeal and add two ounces of sugar. Bind together with an ounce of flour and form into small cakes. Fry lightly in an ounce of butter, then serve piled on a dish and sprinkled with caster sugar. EGGLESS CAKE.—Mix six ounces of flour and four ounces of ground rice well and stir in four ounces of currants, one and a-half ounces of sugar, one ounce of candied peel (thinly sliced), and half a teaspoonful of bicarbonate of soda. Make a little milk very slightly warm, and in it melt two ounces of margarine and two ounces of lard. When they are dissolved add to the dry in- gredients and mix up very thoroughly. Add more milk: if necessary, to make a soft dough. Put into a well-greased tin and bake in a moderate oven. This will take about an hour and a half to bake. BUTTON SCONES.—Mix together half a pound of flour, half a teaspoonful of bicar- bonate of soda, and one teaspoonful of cream of tartar. Rub in half a tablespoonful of nut butter, and mix to a paste with sour milk, roll out on the pastry board, and cut with the top of a small wineglass. Bake to a golden brown. SAVOURY TOMATO Disia.-Take one pound tomatoes, three ounces of rice, two ounces of cheese, half pint of milk, one ounce of margarine (or butter), one ounce of flour, seasoning to taste. Boil rice very fast for thirty minutes. Grease a pie dish, put alternate layers of rice and thinly sliced tomatoes, using all these ingredients. Melt margarine in .saucepan, stir in flour- smoothly, add milk, and stir until boiling. Then add two-thirds of the cheese (grated), season, and pour over contents of pie-dish. Shake rest of cheese and a few bread- crumbs on top and bake until pale brown. GINGERBREAD CAKES.—A pound of flour, five ounces of sugar, six ounces of mar- garine, nearly an ounce of ground ginger. and half a small nutmeg grated. Take six ounces of treacle, nearly a gill of new milki make these warm together. Then stir it into the above ingredients; make them up as stiff as dough. Roll out, using a little extra flour. Make into thin cakes. Cut out with a wineglass. Bake in a slack oven, on tin plates, lightly floured. Keep in tin boxes. RICE BISCUITS.—Take half a pound of ground rice, and add it to one quarter of a pound of caster sugar. Cream a quarter of a pound of margarine, then stir in the ground rice and sugar, and moisten the whole with two well-beaten eggs. Roll out the paste, ahape it with a round pastry cutter into small cakes, and bake in a slow oven for about fifteen minutes.
Mr. Henry Birtles has been appointed Registrar of Companies for England and Wales. Mr. Austin Chamberlain will serve upon the House of Lords Conference in place of Mr. Justice gaiter. Owing to the foul air in the tubes during raids special constables' are to be relieved every hour.