Skip to main content
Hide Articles List

17 articles on this Page

? ; ? Iti? kooo ? ? 0 ?O F?…

IABOUT MATCHES.

News
Cite
Share

I ABOUT MATCHES. The first known method of producing a 'light" was by the laborious process of fric- tion, the rubbing of one dry piece of wood against another. It is said that savages noticed that forest fires occurred during wind, and observation showed them that it was the "sawing" of branch against branch that caused the flames. Hence the friction" light. The flint and steel and tinder-box superseded wood friction, and that improve- ment was also due to observation. It was seen that the chipping of flints for arrow- heads produced sparks, and henoe the evolu- tion of the flint. steel, and tinder "lightc-r." After a series of attempts, crude forerunners of the automatic lighter of to-day, came the "sulphur" match. This, however, was not complete in itself. The tip, made of a paste of chlorate of potash, sulphur, colo- phony, vermilion, and gum, had to be dipped into a bottle containing sulphuric acid and rapidly withdrawn. An explosive ffame was thereby generated which set fire to the match. These matches were sold at a shilling a box, and were called Eupyrions. The next match was the Promethian. The tip of this was made of chlorate of potash, sugar and gum, and the sulphuric acid— necessary to make it fire-was, with some of the paste, in a glass bead. This cumbrous method was superseded in 1832 by the fric- tion match proper. It was ignited by being irawn through folded sandpaper. This was a phosphorus match, and was but a varia- tion of the. "friction" principle. These matches were dangerous and poisonous. After a time came the safety match, as we know it. A change in the phosphorus brought about the "safety," to the workers and the users.

I MEDALS FOR WORKERS.I

ISURGEONS IN MINIATURE.I

"BAKING WATCHES. I BAKMG WATCHES,…

[No title]

Advertising

I ALLIES OF OURS.'.

:;..<;' BRITAIN AND SERBIA.

THE "FIGHTING FIFTH" AFTER…

A SNIPER AT WORK.

- -- - - STATE LOTTERIES.

IBOMB -FATALITY. I

[No title]

FLEET'S t, PLUCKY INTERVENTION.*

ILLEGAL USE OF BADGE.

[No title]