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County Appeal Tribunal. LOCAL DECISIONS UPSET. I Cc2!S £ j<3ifiifc3i2S Objector who Couldn't I say the Words." The Monmouthshire Appeal Tribunal sat at Abergavenny on Thursday last to hear local aopeals in the urban and rural districts, 'll;cre were 34 apo»als. I I of which were borough cases pad 23 rural cases. Sir Henry Mather-J ackson, Bart presided, and there ve-e also present: Messrs. S T. ?.rifnn. F. W. J. Davidson, S. T. F. R?-i;es J. t)a?,(Isoil, C?pt Williams ?as the mil??'-v representative, and Mr. G. P. H?.rdum the a?ncnitural represen- tative. Mr- John Moxon, solicitor, of Newport appeared for a number of appellants in the rural (listrd aud one in the bor«-h. Couldn't Read or Write. William. Evan Powell appealed tor Ins nepnew, Thomas Powell. Mr. Moxon said the appelant employed his iliephew on a farm of 100 acre. 20 of which were arable. and he had no other male labour on the farm, where formerly four were employed. It was a mountain farm, and it took one man practically all his time to look after the sheep, of which there were 400. Thrre were 20 cattle and other stock. It was a cj^e where one man in addition to the farmer was absolutely in- dispensable. Appellant made a large quantity of cheese ar.d over 2.000 lbs. of butter a year. Appellant asked, in his claim, if total exemp- tion could not be granted. :r six months in order to enable him to disp'se of the farm and stock, as he could nofc carry on without his nephew. Mr. Moxon said appellant had tried to get other labour of non-military age, and had failed. The Chairman It is difficult, but not im- possible. Mr. Moxon said that later on it might be possible to get men incapacitated for the Army. Capt. William^ pointed out that a neighbour- ing farmer, with as big a .n, managed with one son, although he was practically an invalid himself. Appellant He has not :L.: the quantity of stock I have. Capt. Williams showed appellant a letter, and asked Is that your writing < Appellant It can't be mine, because I can't write. Appellant also said lie could not read, and did not know anything about the letter. Capt. Williams Do you deny that a man applied to you and this is your reply ? Appellant It is unknown to me if he did. Mr. J. Davidson: Who (loes your corres- pondence ? Appellant My wife or daughter. The Chairman It is not the first wife who has written a letter without the knowledge of her husband. (Laughter). Mr. G. P. Harding said lie was surprised that appellant was able to manage at all with only one hand. The Chairman He will be exempted till the end of August, and I hope you will put in more advertisements, and appreciate the answers when they come. We are doing what we can .for you, and you must do something for the nation. A Substitute Wanted. I Thomas George Harris, of Tyrewen Farm, Llwyndu, who was also represented by Mr. Moxon, stated in his claim that there were 200 acres, of which 40 were arable. With the ex- ception of his brother, William J ames Harris, he was the only male employed on the farm. The brother had had rheumatic fever four times and had been exempted from military service. His father was 60 years of age, suffered from rheumatism, and was unable to do any ploughing. Appellant did the general farm work. He was prepared to undertake military service, if a workman could be obtained in his place. There were 1050 sheep, 45 cattle and eight horses. Mr. Moxon said that appellant would give an undertaking that as soon as a qualified sub- stitute could be found he would join up at once. The Chairman Qualified is a dangerous word. Capt. Williams What about the men you dismissed at the beginning of the year or the end of last year ? Appellant We never dismissed them. Why are they not working for you now ?—One has gone to the Army, and the other gave his notice in. Why didn't you keep him ? —Because he would uot work. He could not plough. Do you know he is ploughing at the Golly ?- I could not say. How many brothers are there of you ?—-Two at home. There are three of you ?—One has a farm of his own. There is not one of you sen-ing ?-It is im- possible to serve. Mr. Moxon said the other brother had a farm of 482 acres. The Chairman He need not be considered. Capt. Williams: What about your other brother r—He is unable to do hard work. You have two grown-up sisters who are a great help ?-They are forbidden to do hard work. They have plenty to do in the house. The father was called, and in reply to Capt. Williams said he was subject to rheumatism and sciatica and was unable to work. He looked after things. He had tried to get a man all along, but he had not advertised till last week. Capt. Williams If a man goes to the recruit- ing office and shows his willingness to go when called upon, he should go, unless he has a very good reason for not doing so. The Chairman Perhaps he has a good reason. Appellant I attested for the same reason that everybody else attested. I was indis- pensable. On atemark bemg made about the one brother having had rheumatic fever four times, Mr. Davidson said I have a son who has had rheumatic fever twice, and he is in Salonica, and was made a sergeant last week. The Chairman (to the father) Was your a dvertisement for a married man or a single man? Mr. Harris A single man The Chairman You can't get them. You are asking for the impossible Capt. Williams (to the father; Why did your man leave ?—He would not get up till 7.30 or 8, and 0.30 on a Sunday morning. Mr. O'Leary What do you pay yonr men r— j 2s. per week and keep. Mr. Davidson It is not very tempting. The Chairman Exemption will be granted till the end of August; but don't forget the ex- pressed willingness to go if you end a substitute. That still holds good. Get Excited and Promised to Join. I William Arthur Greenow, of Govilon, said he- had 35 acres, of which seven were arable. He had 70 sheep, six cattle and three horses. No other male labour was employed. Appellant was 23 years of age, and had been farming for two years. Bv Capt. Williams He had a brother who was with his father on another farm. Capt. Williams Do you know Wilfred Jones and Basil Amyes ?-Y::s. Did you make a bargain together to go to th? recruiting office ?—No. Didn't you make an arrangement with these two boys with regard to enlisting ?-I went down the village one night, an 1 there was a man speaking, and there was a lot of singing and shouting. Wilfred Jones and Basil Amyes were there. They asked me if I would go, and I said I would. I got excited. The other two did enlist i--Y6. The Chairman This one said I go," and went not. Is that the suggestion ? (Laughter). Capt. Williams You know your chums have hc{'n killed. Don't you think you had better do your duty and fill the gap r —There is no proof taat they have been killed. The Chairman What does that matter ? Don't talk like that. Capt. Williams You ca:i take it from me that thev are killed. Appellant I would have joined before now i: I could. Capt. Williams You are in the Army now, really, and the only question is whether you can tet out of it Why did you say you were willing to go P — I got excited. You are not excitea now r —NO. In reply to questions, appellant said his father lived half a mile away. Mr. Harding If he is the occupier, I don't think you can take him very well. TheChairman I am afraid the Court is against you. Mr. Moxon pointed out that appellant had 70 cattle, six sheep and three The appeal was dismissed, but appellant was given cne day. which means tv.-j months, as he is not attested. Prepared To Go, I I I Peter Marfell, in appealing his son, Peter I Philip Marfell, said he was a cowman, engine I driver, sheep shearer, and also followed the team in spore time. He \v?s attested so as to have al right to appeal. He had been trained to drive the oil engine, and no one else understood it. There were 200 sheep, and appellant had a man to look after them, but he was unable to shear owing to an accident. There were 220 acres, of which 100 were arable; it was bauky land, and some was two miles away from the homestead. Including the son he had three men where he used to keep six. Two had joined the Army, and one was called up. Appellant was 60 years of age, and not strong, and was ordered by the doctor not to work hard. Mr. Moxon said the son was cr*e prepared to go if he could be replaced. In reply to Capt. Williams, the father said besides the shepherd he had a boy working on the farm, and another son, who had had total exemption. Appellant said If this boy goes I shall give up the farm. I can't carry it oa, It is im- possible. I am only subject to six months' notice. Mr. Harding said it required three times the amount of labour on tillage as on- pasture. Appellant was raising a lot of stock and glowing a lot of produce, and it v. as impossible to carry I on the farm unless he was pretty well on for labour. Exemption till the end of August was granted. In the case of Ernest Alfred Whistance, the father said there were 140 acres, of which 30 wen: arable. The sou was the only one em- ployed. 0' '1 Cap: Williams Hoy; manv sons altogether ? Fiv.. And how many daughters ?—Five. Your wife is able-bodied and helps you on the farm ?—Yes. You have a son working 011 a farm in the neighbourhood ?—Yes. Capt. Williams The local Tribunal thought that if you were pressed you could bring that one home. The appeal was refused. Wanted a Sober, Respectable Man. I William John Morgan appealed for his son, the tenant of Upper Cwm Farm of 46I acres, of which six were arable. He was the bailiff and horseman, and had 480 siieep to look after. Mr. Moxon said the total area farmed by the father and his son was 190 acres. One son had gone to work in a colliery since the war broke out, but the father had no control over his move- ments, as he was over age. Appellant said he was living on another farm with his wife, and a daughter kept house at Upper Cwm. For that reason he must have a sober and respectable man. The Chairman It is desirable in any ease to get a sober and respectable man. appellant said he had advertised, but had no references with the applications. Capt. Williams The conditions you imposed were rather severe. You wanted a machine, not a man. The Chairman said the appeal must be refused. Mr; Moxon suggested that two months should be allowed. The Chairman Two months may be vital to the future of this country. William Alfred Taylor, market gardener, Mardy. said he was the sole support of his father and mother, the former of whom ua. 72 years of age. He was quite willing to join the colours if his parents could be provided for, but he should like time to arrange his business if he went. By Capt. Williams: There were 11 children altogether, including eight daughters, but only one was single. His father received 5s. per week pension and club money. The rent was ::s. 6d. per week. Capt. Williams said the parents would be amply provided for if appellant went. One month's exemption was granted. His Brother Could Do The Same. I Richard Morgan James (29), who is on a farm of 84 acres, 16 of which are arable, said he had a brother, aged 31, on the farm. His father was not able to work. Capt. Williams You brother was exempted on condition that you attested, and you did not attest ?—No I was starred under Lord Derby's scheme. Didn't your brother get exemption on con- dition that you went ?—Yes. If you don't go, your brother will have to go.— He can do the same as I can. He can appeal. Capt. Williams It is a case of running appeals between you. I .L t1 The Chairman mat may go on TuL tne euci of the war. (Laughter). In reply to Capt. Williams, appellant said he had two grown-up sisters, aged 21 and 24. The appeal was refused. David James, of Green Court, Llanellen, appealed on behalf of James James, his nephew, aged 32, who is his cowman. Appellant said he had 98 acres, and had a considerable milk business, having sold 6,724 gallons last year. Appellant said his wife and servant milked regularlv. Capt. Williams said James J ames was a brother of the last appellant. The Chairman That is a family tree we need not go into. (Laughter). Mr. Harding said the farm was well stocked, and entailed a considerable amount of work. Exemption was granted conditionally on the man remaining in his present employment. William Williams, who appealed for his son, Thomas Williams, was represented by Mr. Moxon, who said appellant had 70 acres, of which 20 were arable, 26 head of cattle and 80 sheep. He had tried to get other assistance, and failed. The father had met with a serious accident, having had part of his hand shot away, andjwas unable to do anything requiring a grip. Appellant, in his statement, contended that the decision of the local Tribunal was not justified by the conditions of the man's employ- ment and the work of the farm. Capt. Williams said appellant only asked the local Tribunal to put the man back 10 groups. Mr. Harding said there was no other help, and it was impossible to carry on a farm without help. Capt. Williams (to appellant) Your other son is farming near by and only took the farm recently. Two months' exemption was granted. I Two Sides to the Question. I I Mr. Moxon appeared on oehall ot Mr. Iltyd Gardner in appealing for Leigh Simon, who is engaged in a solicitor's office and renders part- time assistance as a clerk at the County Court. Mr. Moxon said all the County Court staff had joined, and Mr. Gardner was keeping their places open, Simons doing the work in the meantime. Capt. Williams said he was satisfied that serious domestic hardship would ensue if the man were called up, and, if the Tribunal agreed, they need not go into the case. Mr. Moxon I dare say Abergavenny would reioice if the County Court was shut up in- definitely. The Chairman Not the creditors. There are two sides even to that question. (Laughter). Mr. S. T. Griffin You are satisfied without us going into the case ? Capt. Williams There is no reason to doubt it. Exemption was granted conditionally on Simons continuing to look after the County Court. Tom Cyril Durham, a farmer's son, tenant of 68 acres, said he was unable to find anyone to do the work in the event of his joining the colours. Capt. Williams You have taken this extra bit lately ?—Last September. You only took it since your group was called up. You are 19 years of age ?—Nineteen last September. Your application before the local Tribunal' was that you were indispensable to your father. Your case now is that you are a tenant farmer. Isn't there another son, aged 17 i Where is he ?—At home. The appeal was dismissed. George Nathaniel Watkins, market gardener, with two acres of land, in reply to Capt. Williams, said he had been before the Medical Board. Capt. Williams What did they do with you ? -Put me in Class i Capt. Williams said he understood appellant was put in a lower class. The case was adjourned till after lunch, for appellant to produce the certificate. When the case came on, appellant said he could not find the certificate. Two months' exemption was granted. Thank You, Sir Henry I John Arthur Williams, of Llangattock Mill Farm, said there was only himself on the farm of 40 acres. He also hfclped his brother. Capt. Williams How long have you had it ? —I have been there 12 months last Christmas. You live with your sister 2qhe keeps house for me. Appellant was exempted conditionally on going on with the farm. 1 The father exclaimed Thank you. Sir Henry The Chairman Where do you come in (Laughter). The father I am the father. (Laughter). In the case of John G. Phillips, Capt. Williams said appellant had been passed into Class 4a. He only asked for temporary exemption, but it was much better for him to remain where he was. The Chairman (to appellant j Go on with ¡' your job. Appellant How much time will you give me v Mr. O'Leary Are you married ? I Appellant No. Mr. O'Leary then, you have plenty of I time. (Laughter). Capt. Williams said appellant was on the borderland of absolute rejection. He was exempted conditionally on his remain- ing in his present employment. Benjamin David Isaac, waggoner, of Llantilio Pertholey, said he was working for his aunt, who was farming till her husband died. The Chairman She is doing nothing and you are helping her r (Laughter). I don't think that is a good ground of appeal. The appeal was dismissed. I Can't Say The Words Conscientious I I Objector's Perplexity. ) Three brothers living at Upper I-lendrc, Llan- over—Thomas, David John, and William Pugh— appealed on conscientious grounds. They had heen passed for non-combatant service by the local Tribunal. David John Pugh is described as a coachbuilder, and the other two brothers are engaged on the farm. Mr. Roberts, solicitor, of Dowlais, represented the appellants. He said the local Tribunal had admitted their conscientious claim. They con- tended that as they were working on the farm they were already engaged in work of national importance and they should be allowed to remain where they were. The farm was 130 acres, 30 of which were arable. There were 40 cattle and it milking cows. There were 160 sheep on the farm. and a large quantity of poultry, and they made a lot of cheese in the summer and butter in the winter. The father w as 75 years of age. The Chairman You can't want three men on a farm of 130 acres. We have not considered that is necessary in any case. Mr. Roberts The three are appealing on the same ground. The Chairman What is the ground ? Mr. Roberts': Conscientious grounds. The Chairman Very well, why go into the question of the number of head of poultry they keep ? Thos. Pugh, who was in the box, was asked by the Chairman to explain his grounds. Appellant I am no scholar. The Chairman If you have a conscientious objection, you can express it. Appellant I don't understand. My brother can speak. The Chairman I will have you first. What jj have you to say about it ? What are your ( conscientious grounds ? Appellant looked stupidly at the Chairman without replying, and Mr. Roberts ask 2d Can I examine him ? The Chairman No, you can't. We can't have you putting questions about his conscience. (To appellant) What is it about ? Go on. Don't look round at your brother. (To the brother, who had stepped forward) Stand back let us deal with one at a time. (To appellant) Now what have you to say ? Appellant I can't say the words, sir. (Laughter). The Chairman The appeal is refused. You have been put in a non-combatant battalion, and that is enough. Would Go Naked. J David John Pugh then stepped into the box. The Chairman You are a coachbuilder ?— Yes. And you have nothing to do with the question of three men on a farm :—I am assisting at present. Appellant, commencing to read from a long written statement, said he was appealing on conscientious grounds. The Chairman Tell us; don't read it. Appellant (reading) No man can be in doubt as to the convictions of Jesus on the subject. The Chairman Really, I can't allow this. I am not going to listen to it. Give your own grounds. Appellant My conscience. The Chauman Then go on and explain it. Appellant (still reading) His whole life, as related in the New Testament, was one of non- resistance. He knew that they meant to kill Him, but He did not resist and did not even try to escape. The Chairman You are doing yourself no good by this. I. Appellant (continuing to read) Look at the mess our Bishops are in. Laymen may go to fight, but parsons must not. If it is right for a carpenter to go and fight, why is it wrong for a clergyman to fight ? The Chairman The question is about your own fighting. Deal with that. Appellant I don't believe in war. The Chairman None of us do, but we are in the middle of one and we have to get out of it as best we can. Mr. O.Leary Why don't you believe in war ? Appellant On Christ's teaching. Mr. Davidson You do work, don't you ? Appellant Yes. Mr. Davidson Did Jesus Christ mean this, Consider the lilies of the field; they toil not neither do they spin, yet Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these ? Why is it you work and the lilies don't ? If He means that He did not mean you to work. How do you know He was not speaking metaphorically and in parables ? What is the difference be- tween a literal sentence and a metaphorical sentence ? Appellant: I am basing it on the New Testa- ment, Love your enemies," Blessed are the peace-makers," My kingdom is not of this world: if My kingdom were of this world then would my servants fight. The Chairman There you are-" Then would My servants fight." I don't think that will help you. (Laughter). I think it is an unfortunate quotation. Mr. Davidson If a man asks you for your coat you are told to give him your cloak also. Will you do it ?—Yes. And go naked ?-Yes. Appellant (still reading) He that taketh the sword shall perish by the sword The Chairman Really, we can't sit here and listen to quotations. We know the bible. The point is your own views. You have been put in the non-combatant class, and you must be satisfied. William Pugh was called, and, without questioning him, the Chairman suggested that they ought not to take all the brothers. Mr. Griffin: It is most essential that one should be allowed to remain at home. The Tribunal agreed, and it was decided that the eldest, Thomas, aged I o, should be exempted, and the appeals of the other two dismissed. Another Conscientious Objector. j Reginald George Ralph, indentured apprentice to lithographic printing, also appealed on con- scientious grounds. He objected to both com- batant and non-combatant service. He was a Christadelphian. Appellant said he could under no circumstances join the ranks of those who made wars, because he was convinced that all wars were contrary to the letter and spirit of the law of Christ. His belief made it impossible for him to enter any service necessitating the taking of the military oath. In reply to a question, appellant said he had been a member of the Christadelphian body for six months, but he had been brought up in the faith. The Chairman We will treat you the same as others of your church, and leave you in the non-combatant class. Appellant Can I appeal ? The Chairman No. Thomas Tipton appealed for his cowman, David Lewis Jones. Appellant said he had 100 acres, of which 16 were arable, 23 head of cattle, and 4° ewes. He was the biggest milk retailer in the town. He had one son at another farm. He had two sons altogether. In reply to Capt. Williams, appellant said his wife and another woman helped with the milking. His wife went round with one cart and his son with the other. One day's exemption was granted, which means two months, fhe man not being attested. James Reed, market gardener and pig breeder, with one acre of land, said he was the support of his wife and mother, and he himself suffered from rheumatism. By the Chairman He had a brother on the I railway, who lived at home. The appeal was dismissed and appellant was I advised to go before the Medical Board, who might say he was not fit. The Other Fellow's Sister. I Frank Bromwell, in charge of a small farm of 30 acres, said he had a milk-round. The Chairman Is it the largest milk-round in Abergavenny ? Appellant No. The Chairman That is a relief. By Capt. Williams He was the tenant, and his sister lived with him. Capt. Williams Would it be a hardship for your sister if you went ?-I don't know. Is she willing for you to go ?—I don't know. By Mr. Griffin The farm was all pasture land and there were six dairy cows. Capt. Williams Yon have a brother working near by ?—Two miles away. You have another brother at Brecon -5 Ve In reply to questions, appellant said the farm and stock were left to him by his father. The others did not get anything, but he had to make them all allow ance. By Capt. Williams If his sister left him, he suDposed he would get married. Capt. Williams It is not the sister who is standing in the wav of him joining. Mr. Davidson Perhaps it is the other fellow's sister. (Laughter, in which appellant joined). Cant. Williams Your brother at Brecon is not the tenant ?—No he has not signed for it nc),? tile te?-iaut 5-No 1-,e lias not sig-,Ie d for The Chairman and Capt. Williams (together) Not signed for it yet ? The appeal was dismissed. Art' I ur Parry, carpenter at the Asylum, said he was the sole support of a widowed mother, aged 70. He was no shirker, as he had been in the employ of the Asylum for 16 years. Bv the Chairman He was a single man and there were no other sons. The Chairman How Ion! have you kept your mother ?-I have kept my mother and father for about 20 years. He has been an invalid. Capt. Williams said appellant had been examined and put in Classs 4a. Exemption was granted. D. E. Williams appealed on behalf of Alfred George Fone, his manager for South Wales. Four of appellant's employes had joined the colours, and the remainder had attested. He only asked for two months' exemption now. Capt. Williams He is only a clerk", and he has had considerable time as it is. You know lie applied for a place some time ago. Appellant I am asking for temporary ex- emption because the slaughterman is laid up with rheumatic fever and I have had to do his work besides attending the markets. The Chairman One month we will meet you half way. Won't Yea Let the War Affect You ? Percv James Tutt, in partnership with his father as a grocer, said his father was 60 years of ,age and in bad health. Appellant had sole control of the provision side of the business, and did the buying and kept the books. He had a sister in delicate health who assisted occasion- ally. His father did the country travelling. A married assistant had been called up for April 7th, and the warehouseman had been called up but had been postponed till the 1St of May. Capt. Williams (to the fathei) You have the same staff as before the war ?—Undoubtedly. And you want to keep the same staff ?-They are necessary. Up to the present the war has not affected you in the least. It has affected most people. Wont you let it affect you a little ? The Chairman He must go. Appellant was, however, allowed a month. D. W. Jones, coal merchant, had been before the Medical Board. Capt. Williams said he was another man who hactbeen passed into Class 4a. Exemption was granted on the medical certificate. Wouldn't Recognise Three Shops. I Messrs. Allcott & Wilson appealed for A. L. Goodey. manager of a cycle shop, and in their claim contended that the application had not been given the seiious consideration the circum- stances of the case demanded. If they had to close down the branch—and they would have no alternative if they could not retain the only man they had-it would mean the loss of a business which was the oldest established cycle business in the town, and also /50 afcear rent and T.8 rates and taxes. They were tie largest business ratepayers, with one exception, in Abergavenny. Mr. Wilson, partner of the firm, said that two days previous he received a notice with regard to another man in his employ who would have to go on May 1st. If he went, and Goodey had to go as well, they would only have one man left for three shops. The Chairman Are they all in town ? Appellant Yes. The Chairman In other towns we have pointed out that some of them must be shut up. We can't recognise three shops under one firm in a town of this size as being necessary. Appellant said the difficulty was with regard to the man. He was the best man he had. The Chairman How many assistants have you got ?—About eight, but three are girls. You have five male assistants ? —They are not all fitters. The Chairman How many are fitters ?— Three. Capt. Williams said this shop was only about 50 yards away from the principal shop, and added to appellant This man is considerably overdue. You are keeping a single man, and these are the kind of men we want in the Army, so as not to be affected by the war. Appellant Oh, dear, no. I have been affected. I have lost six men already. The Chairman I am very sorry we cannot help vou. The appeal is dismissed. When the case of Raymond James Jonathan, a clerk at Messrs. Eastmans Ltd., was called on, it was stated that he had joined. Lewis Lionel Morris, grocer and off-licence bolder, said he had a sister dependant on him. Capt. Williams Your father is the foreman at the saw mills ?—Yes. There would be no hardship to the neighbour- hood, supposing the grocery part of the business was closed. Appellant: I should have to dispose of the business, because there is no one else to take it on for me. Capt. Williams said this appeal had been pendmg since January. One month's exemption was granted. The Manager Taken. d Messrs. Masters & Co. appealed on behalf of Thomas Rees, their local manager. The secre- tary of the firm said they desired to retain their managers, as they were necessary to carry on the branches. They were training female assistants and were repeatedly advertising for male assistants without avail. The Chairman You have two unfit men in the shop at present ?—One has been put in another shop. We have 30 branches at present, and we have two vacancies for managers. We never had female assistants before the war, and now we have 58 and 18 in training. Sixteen of our employes have joined the colours and 53 are waiting to be called up. We are only appealing for, 12, who are managers, and only with their consent. In reply to Mr. Davidson, the secretary said they had not refused to take men over age. The Chairman I agree you must have a man in a shop where you are providing clothing for I men, but you have one, and I don't think there is any hardship. < The Secretary W here can we get a sub- stitute ? The Chairman I am not here to manage your business. The appeal was dismissed. John McWilliam, draper's traveller, who did not appear, wrote that lie had nothing to add to what he placed before the local Tribunal. Serious hardship would ensue if he joined, as he was the support of his widowed mother and sister. Capt. Williams said appellant did not appear before the local Tribunal. The appeal was dismissed. Family's Good Record. I Harry Curtice, comppsitor and maker-up of news formes, employed by the Chronicle," stated in his claim that three brothers who previously resided at home had enlisted. He was the only one left, and it was the wish of his brothers that he should appeal for exemption so that he might remain with his mother, who was practically an invalid, and render her all the assistance possible. He was sure lie would be a menace to the Army. The Chairman A menace ? You don't think you would frighten them, do you ? Mr. Griffin said that three brothers in the Army was a very good record. Capt. Williams said lie did not press this case. Conditional exemption was granted. Messrs. Seargeant Bros. Ltd. appealed on I behalf of John Herbert Deuner, an indentured apprentice in the litho. artist's department. Mr. W. P. Cooper, managing director of Messrs. I Seargeant Bros., said Denner was in the third year of his apprenticeship, having given two years in lieu of premium, and he had seven years still to serve. The Chairman Is he essential ? Mr. Cooper He is the only apprentice left in the department. We have already given 45 men to the Army out of a staff of 68. You have other men in this particular depart- ment -r-Only the foreman. How many before the war r—Three. I have done everything I possibly can to encourage recruiting, and it was definitely stated by the military representative at the Advisory Com- mittee that we could not touch this young man, as he is exempt by law. Therefore I did not think it necessary to go into the matter at the local Tribunal. Capt. Williams In any case you know now that he is not exempt by law. Mr. Cooper I should ask the Court if he is not. The Chairman Your firm has evidently done very well, but you must go one better. Mr. Cooper We have suffered great hardship. The Chairman I know you have. Mr. Cooper I should like to make a state- ment in Court that we have given 45 men to the colours and have paid £ 300 to wives and de- pendants. The Chairman said thé appeal would be dis- missed. Mr. Cooper Can't you show us some con- sideration, in view of the consideration we have shown ? The Chairman That will do.

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