ABERGAVENNY BOARD OF I GUARDIANS. THE LATE MARQUESS' SOLICITOR I AND THE WORKHOUSE. NOT PREPARED TO EXTEND THE t TENANCY. The fortnightly meeting ot the Abergavenny Board ot Guardians was held on Friday, Colonel W. Williams presiding. There were also present: Mr. H. J. Gwillim (Vice-chairman), Mrs Hilev, Revs. Father Wray, J. F W. Trumper and D. E. Hughes, Messrs. George Danes, George Spencer, Robert Workman, Nathaniel Pullin, John Baynam, Robert Johns r., John Jenkins, Alfred Edwards, John WatkiJoseph Howells. Master's Report. I The Master reported that the number of ad- missions since last Boar.1 day was six, dis- charged 27, died one, —< i there were remaining in the house 79 men, 35 women and 14 children, a total of 128, compare h with 137 for the cor- responding period of year. a decrease of c-i«ht. The number of casuals relieved was 95, compared with 157 for the corresponding period of last year, a decrease ot (,2. A cost of/i IIS. 4d. had been incurred bread and cheese to casuals, owing to the closing of the stations at Bwlch and Cwmdu, and he presumed they would ask the Vagra-k Committee to refund the amount. Two ot three more pigs were re- quired for the house. A concert arranged by Mr. John Edwards, relieving officer for Blaen- avon, was much-appreciated by the inmates and av()Ii, was much a p p-?,L- staff. Mr. Workman presided. • The Chairman moved a vote of thanks to Mr. Edwards for 30 kindly thinking of the inmates. He should like to have been there to have heard Mr. Workman's beautiful voice. (Laughter). Mr. Workman said the concert was of a verv high-class kind, and Mr Edwards and his wife -were a company by themselves. He- believed if they wanted to promote a concert at any time for a good object, Mr. Edwards would willingly give his services. Mr. Edwards returned thauks. Room for More Inmates. I The Master said that the number of inmates of the house having tycie down, they could accommodate 12 more inmates from another union, if they w aatefi accommodation. The Chairman It i., to be hoped that they won't want it. Father Wray said that the present state of things was so precarious that he did not think they ought to offer the accommodation. The Chairman (to the Master) Have you any men who want to go ou: to farms ? The Master I have discharged 27 during the last fortnight.. The Vice-Chairman .-aid that Pontypool Union applied some time ago for Abergavenny to take some of their inmates, and he thought they should do their best to take in all they could for a Union situated like that. At the time they did not feel like offering any accommodation, but if they had room lie thought they should offer it now. The Chairman You must not forget that we have inmates comiru, and going at the work- house. Father Wray You •ave only accommodation for the moment, and n. a fortnight's time you might be full up again. The Viee-Chairmau I there was no doubt the Asylum had gone out ui their way to accom- modate inmates from other districts. If they had anv accommodation to spare at the work- house, thev should think of this Union which had had their buildings taken over by the Government. The Chairman Tonr-pool will write if they want it. The Vice-Chairman We have already refused them. Mr. Pullin Are Pontypool aware that we have this accommodation r The Vice-Chairman No. Mr. Pullin They will know it through the Press. The Chairman Pontypool have settled the matter. You had better leave things as they are for the present, because we might get more inmates. d :lot be uniss if ,!icy Mr. Pullin said it would not be amiss if they let Pontypool know. The Chairman Sun pose Pontypool send 12, and net week we want room for two of our own. Mr.' Joseph Howells s,i<l he thought the Master had surely allowed some additional room when he said there was accommodation for 12, The Master said he was not counting the in- firmary. He was counting ordinary inmates. Mr/Howells: You could take 12 and there would still be room ? The Master Yes. The Rev. D. E. H?hes moved that they communicate with the Pontypool Union in- forming them- that they 11 ad accommodation. Mr. Robert Johnson That is the wrong way about. The Rev. D. E. Hughes said that Pontypool applied to them and they said they could not take anv inmates. Now that they had room it would be unkind if they did not offer it. Mr. Pullin If they see it in the paper they will make application. Discharged, But Might Come Back. Father Wray said this had only happened this last week. The Chairman They might come back. Father Wray proposed that the matter be left for a fortnight, to see i: the present state of things continued. Mr. John Baynam They might return, through ill-health or bad weather, and what should we do with our own men then ? The Chairman Send them to PontypooL (Laughter). The Vice-Chairman: There is no place at Pontvpool. Tiie Chairman We must look after our own interests. Mr. Robert Workman said that Pontypool was their truest friend, and if they could support -as t4eir truest friend, a friend in need they should do so. He sup- ported t' e proposition that they communicate with Pontypool. I The Chairman You have sat at this Board for some time, and you know perfectly well that our inmates go out and come back in. If you fill up t .e-;e places, and they come back, what are vou going to do ? Mr. Workman We should not turn our backs on tee people of Pontypool, seeing that they have given "their institution to the military authorities. The men have left our institution, and if they come back, give preference to the paupers of the Pontypool Union. T ie Cn airman said there were no end of in- stitutions in the country which had given over their buildings to the Government. They must look after Leir own, and if they did not they would put the ratepayers to no end of expense. Mr. Joseph Howells Pontypool will pay for their inmates and we shall be put to no cost. Fat er Wray said he wanted it to be deferred for a tortnig t. T e V.ce-Chairman said that personally he agreed to t 7, is. Tne Chairman Well, go on. Rev. D. E. Hughes It is my motion that we communicate with Pontypool, and I cannot see mv wav to withdraw it Mr. Alfred Edwards said he had always been a great advocate of sending the men out, but he had been rather sat on. He had been told that the men w o went out would come back in a fortnig t, and he believed this would be the same. He was surprised there were 27 men gone out. T e Master They are not all men. There is a familv of five children. Mr. Alfred Edwards What inmates do you propose to take in ? I. T-e Master Ordinary male inmates. Mr. Edwards said he thought it was a great mistake to take men in at the present time, because 1 e felt confident that their own paupers would come back. They had been told many times t at the house was too small, and now they wanted it to be overcrowded. Father Wray said he had moved an amend- ment, and it had been seconded. T. e Rev. J. F. W. Trumper said he thought that notice should be given of a resolution of that description. A good many Guardians who were not present might like to have a voice in the matter. The Chairman I must put the amendment. The Rev. D. E. Hughe? withdrew his proposi- tion, and the amendment was then agreed to. Four men appeared before the Board and intimated their desire to go out of the house to I look for work. They asked for a little monetary took for work. They as assistance. Three were granted their applica- j tions, and the fourth w advised to stay in the house until the Master obtained a renewal of his I old age pension for him 1,000 Eggs for Pickling. I The Rev. J. F. W. Trumper asked what they gave for eggs, because he understood that on a j recent Tuesday there wer,, so many eggs in the j market that they could be had for almost J nothing. (" Oh ") The hens were laying all the time, but owing to people being snowed up, the farmers could not bring them to market on the Tuesday previous. It was a good oppor- tunity to buy a lot of eggs cheap. Mr. Pullin said he should like to have been there. Rev. Mr. Trumper With regard to tobacco- The Chairman Let the Master answer about the eggs first. The Master said he consulted the Chairman and Mr. Alfred Edwards, and they bought 1,000 at 10 for is. The Chairman said the Master wrote to him, and he heard the same as they did, that a man went down to the market, bought up eggs and sold them for 10 a shilling. The Rev. Mr. Trumper; With regard to tobacco, is there any reduction ? The Chairman Don't bother about tobacco. The Master said there was a reduction of lib. Father Wray said that when Mr. Alfred Ed- wards and he examined the stock on March 31st they saw that the stock of pickled eggs had come to an end, and it was necessary to purchase some. The Chairman Mr. Trumper is quite right that eggs were bought at 12 and 11 for is. Now, Mr. Edwards, it is your fault. (Laughter). Mr. Alfred Edwards Oh, no, sir. We are not all so sharp as you, perhaps. Rev. Mr. Trumper Perhaps lie is connected with the trade. You never know Mr. Alfred Edwards said the reason he told the Master to buy eggs at 10 for is. was because he considered they would not get eggs any cheaper this summer. This month was gener- ally- the cheapest for eggs. Rev. Mr. Trumper I myself sold this morning 116 eggs at 12 a shilling. Mr. Edwards The most a man could buy last Tuesday for a shilling was i i. <* Rev. Mr. Trumper: Then I have been duped. (Laughter). I would have sold him the lot this morning at 12 for a shilling, and they are fresh eggs. Wonderflll- I The Clerk reported that there was an increase in outrelief in the Abergavenny district during the past fortnight, compared with last year, of £ 4S: 4d., and a decrease in the Blaenavon district of £ 14 IOS. Father Wray And yet Blaenavon is called the most expensive part of the whole county. Rev. Mr. Trumper Wonderful!. Are all the rates paid in ? The Clerk I can't give you information about each individual. The calls are paid, but whether the rates are I don't know. I Late Marquess's Lost Cheque. I The Clerk said that some time ago they drew a cheque in favour of the late Marquess of Aber- gavenny for £ 9 us. 2d., being the first lialf- vear's rent of the workhouse. That cheque had never been presented. He supposed it had got among the Marquess's papers and had got lost, but now it had come to light. The solicitors for the estate had returned the cheque and asked that a fresh cheque be drawn in favour of the executors. The Rev. Mr. Trumper proposed that the cheque be drawn. Father Wray seconded, and the motion was carried. I Newport Paupers and a Flat Rate. With regard to the military occupation of the workhouse at Newport, the Clerk read a circular from the Local Government Board. The only clause which affected them was that Boards of Guardians who had accepted inmates from another Union could substitute for the agree- ment now in operation an agreement providing for payment at a flat rate per head per week, to be approved by the Local Government Board. He had been talking the matter over with the Master, and it appeared to them that they would hardly be in a position to fix a flat rate, because the prices were going up continually, and if they fixed a flat rate they would have to provide for an ample margin. They must be paid according to what they expended. Rev. Mr. Trumper: What about the con- tracts. How long will they last ? The Clerk There is no limit. j The Vice-Chairman Has Newport applied for a flat rate.? The Clerk They have asked if you will agree to endorse this suggestion and what flat rate you will fix. Rev. Mr. Trumper I don't know how we are going to do it. The Chairman We had better postpone it. The Clerk For the present I should say you are not in a position to fix a flat rate. Father Wray We should be a lot of flats if I we did. (Laughter). j I The Rates Overseers' Awkward Position. The Clerk said that in reply to an enquiry of the Clerk to the County Council, the latter wrote that it was impossible for him to say what the calls were likely to be on that Union for the coming half year, but he did not anticipate any increase in the county rate. That, said the Clerk, placed them in rather an awkward position in not being able to issue the calls. As far as the Union was concerned, it would be 6d. in the £ as usual. Rev. Mr. Trumper I understand that they don't make out their rate till May, and they cannot inform you till then. The Clerk They issue the calls in May. Mr. Robert Johnson You cannot proceed until you have the demands from the County ¡ Council. The Clerk The calculation may be made the same as last year, when it was is. 6d. They say it will not be more. If you adopt these figures you can add 6d. for Union purposes, and make the calls. Mr. Johnson I think it had better stand over. Father Wray Supposing it was wrong, you could amend it ? The Clerk No. I The Chairman I think it had better wait, The Vice-Chairman Would it cause any inconvenience The Clerk The overseers are required to make their call early in the half year-by the first week, if possible. Rev. Mr. Trumper These precepts are issued to other Unions by the County Council, when thev make out their rate. It is only Aberga- venny that asks for an early, or unseasonable, return. Father Wray Mr. Scanlon wants to know at once, because he wants to issue the precept. Rev. Mr. Trumper: There is no necessity at all. The Chairman The County Council only meet once in two months now, instead of every month. Mr. Baynam It makes it very awkward for the overseers to make out their rates, and then the collector may be blamed in collecting it. I think the County Council should make out their demands earlier. The Chairman You had better go down to the County Council and see what they will tell you. The Clerk said the overseers might make out the rates all the same. They might assume the figure. Father Wray proposed that the Clerk assume the same figures as last year. Rev. Mr. Trumper If overseers take upon themselves the responsibility of assuming in the future what the rate is to be, they will not be overseers very long, in.the opinion of sensible people. The Vice-Chairman They have been forced to do it in the past. Rev. Mr. Trumper There is no law com- pelling you to do it until you get the precept from the County Council. The Clerk The only plan is to wait. Mr. Johnson That is the best course to adopt." Father Wray Wait and see. The tender for drapery for the house had been referred to a committee, and they recommended that Mrs. Beveridge's tender be accepted. This was adopted. Marquess's Solicitors and the Workhouse. The Clerk reported that Mr. W. H. Studholme, who was a trustee in connection with the sale of the workhouse to the late Marquess of Aber- gavennv, wrote that he had received a letter from the solicitors to the late Marquess, saying they were not prepared to extend the time allowed for building the new workhouse. The Chairman What do you suggest ? The Clerk You had four years to carry out the work, and unless the law intervenes you are in the hands of the executors. Father Wray I propose that the Clerk write to the Local Government BoqFd and place the whole case before them. The Vice-Chairman He has done. Father Wray Not since he received this letter. Send them a copy of the letter. The Vice-Chairman seconded, and it was carried. The Chairman The sooner the better. It is no good dilly-dallying. If the answer is un- favourable, had we better not have a special meeting ? Father Wray Let us wait until we get the answer. The Chairman That is another fortnight. If it is unfavourable to us, we had better have a special meeting to go into it. Rev. Mr. Trumper Haven't we got a letter from the Local Government Board to defer this I building ? I The Clerk I don't think you will hear from I the Local Government Board under a month. | You had better wait. I To Recruit Paupers of Military Age. I The Clerk read a circular letter from the Local Government Board, in which Mr. Walter Long said that all cases of casual paupers of military age should be notified by the Master of the Work- house or the superintendent of the casual ward, to the nearest recruiting office. (Laughter). office. (Laughter) The Army Council had issued instructions as to the course to be taken by the recruiting officer on receipt of such notification. The period of detention of casual paupers did not normally exceed two days, and it was essential that the recruiting officer should be notified as soon as possible, and it was desirable to retain casuals of this kind for the full statutory period. The Chairman Have you any cases ? The Master: They are very rare. I will carry out that instruction. Mr. Workman You are asking the Master to jj advise them to go to the recruiting officer. Father Wray No, it is not a question o advising them to go to the recruiting officer, but of advising the recruiting officer to go to them. (Laughter).
CRICKHOWELL POLICE COURT. 1 Friday.—Before Mr. Anthony H. Miers and I Mr. R. G. James. SUNDAY DRINKING. Margaret Warren, licensee of the Bridgend Inn, Gilwern, was charged with selling intoxicating liquors during prohibited hours, and Thomas Howells, labourer, Gilwern village, was summoned for unlawfully being on licensed premises. Mr. Thomas Vaughan, solicitor, Crickhowell, appeared to prosecute, on behalf of the police, and Mr. Thos. Hughes, of Ebbw Vale, defended Mrs. Warren and Howells.—P.C. John Boore (Gilwern) said that on the 19th March, a Sunday, he visited the Bridgend Inn, Gilwern, kept by Mrs. Warren. Mrs. Warren was standing on the front doox, and the defendant Howells was behind the door of the taproom, drinking beer from a half-pint measure. He questioned Howells as to what he was doing there at that time-it was about 11.30 a.m.-and Bertie G. Warren, husband of the licensee, replied I have invited him to dinner." Howells lodged only 60 yards away from the inn, and he (the constable) went and made enquiries of his landlady, Mrs. Isaac, as to whether she expected him home to dinner. Mrs. Isaac replied Yes," remarking that she was then cooking his dinner. Witness subsequently returned to the Bridgend, and Howells was still there, and apparently drinking more beer. He asked Howells why he did not inform his land- lady that he was not coming home to dinner, and he made no reply. Mrs. Warren then said, I invited him to dinner yesterday," and witness added and to drink as well. "—By Mr. Hughes There was no attempt to hide anything.—Mr. Hughes said they did not complain of the case I being brought forward by the police, and the constable had given his evidence very fairly. It was perfectly clear that a licensee was entitled to supply his own guests, and that was all that had been done in this case. Howells was a bonafide guest of the licensee, and he would call evidence to prove this.—Mrs. Warren said the Bridgend was a beerhouse. The constable came in about 11.30, and her husband and Thomas Howells and another man were in the parlour at the time. Howells was there by the invitation of her husband, who on the previous day asked him to come and join them at dinner. She did not ask Howells to come at any particular time. She gave him a half-pint of beer to drink while dinner was being prepared.—Mr. Miers: What time do you generally have dinner ?—Mrs. Warren 12.30.— Mr. Miers But Howells was there at 11.30.—By Mr. Vaughan She did not charge Howells anything for his dinner and the beer. Howells had only been in the district for a week or so, but he had been in her house every evening during that period.—Mr. Vaughan I believe you keep a public-house as a means of earning a livelihood.—Mrs. Warren Yes, partly.—Mr. Vaughan Do you think it con- ducive to business to give free dinners and drinks to strangers ?—Mrs. Warren Well, I did it.- Bertie Geo. Warren, husband of the licensee, said he heard a friend of Howells, on Saturday, 18th March, invite him to dinner to the Bell Vue Inn, Llanelly, and as that was some distance away, he asked him to come and join them at dinner instead on the morrow. Howells was at the Bridgend as an invited guest.;—By Mr. N-atighan The Bell Vue was about a mile and a half away.—George Bourne, ■ Llanelly, gave similar evidence.—George White, Ebbw Vale, said he spent a week-end holiday at the Bridgend Inn. He had bread and cheese and onions with Howells and Bourne on the Satur- day, and he heard Warren invite the former to dinner.—Mr. Vaughan What did you pay the landlady for staying at the Bridgend from Satur- day to Monday ?—White Only 6d. for my bed. Mr. Vaughan And the bread and cheese and onions, dinners and teas were thrown in !— White: Yes.—Mr. Vaughan: Then Mrs. Warren can expect many more of us on these terms. (Laughter).-Thomas Howells also gave evidence. He did not inform Mrs. Isaac, his landlady, that he was not coming home to dinner, as it was no business of hers.—The Be:%n'rl?' ietired, and on returning into Court Mr. Miers said Mrs. Warren would be fined £ 1 15s. 6d., and Howells 15s. 6d. The former would have to be careful that she did not get her licence endorsed. AFFILIATION.—Thomas Watkins, of Old Trap road, Gilwern, labourer, was summoned by Harriet Watkins, Gilwern, to show cause, &c. It transpired during the evidence that com- plainant is a niece of defendant, and had kept house for him..Defendant denied the paternity of the child. The Bench made an order for 3s. a week, and ordered defendant to pay costs. DRUNK AND DISORDERLY.—Evan Parry, farm labourer, Llangynidr, was charged with being 1 1 _1 _1;1.1_ 4- -r»4- CirUIIK ana lUSWUCUV Uti LUC QI, Ltangynidr.-P.C. Jones (Llangynidr) said de- fendant was drunk in the village, and was refused drink at two or three public-houses. He per- sisted in asking for beer, and became disorderly, lying down on the highway and declining to go home. Ultimately he had to be conveyed to Crickhowell Police Station in a trap.—Fined 30s. CAUTIONED.—Mrs. Watkins and her son Harry Watkins (17), of Brynheulog, Llangynidr, were charged with stealing 6d. worth of hay from a hay rick belonging to David Richards, Neuadd- fawr, Llangattock. It was stated that Richards bought a rick of hay from Mrs. Watkins, who took some of it after the purchase had been completed.—Defendant admitted taking the hav, and said she did not think much objection would be taken, as it was for her sheep during the storm in March.—The Bench, after caution- ing defendants, dismissed the case. FARMER FINED.—William George Watkins, farmer, Crickhowell, was charged with carrying a gun without a licence. Defendant pleaded not guilty. According to the evidence of P.C. Lewis, he met Watkins carrying his gun in the public street, and in reply to a remark as to whether he had been having some sport, Watkins replied that he had been shooting finches on his field. Defendant told him that he had taken out a licence, but he had since ascertained that this was not so.—Mr. Hodge, taxation officer for Breconshire, who prosecuted, said he sent defendant notice to take out a licence in the usual way.—Replying to Mr. Miers, Mr. Hodge stated that a person could carry a gun only on his own land to scare birds, not kill them, without taking out a licence.—Mr. Miers But suppose he was a bad shot and managed to kill one i (Laughter).—Defendant said h'e was clearly under the impression that he had taken out a licence he had taken one out for 30 years, hence his reason for informing the constable. He pointed out, however, that in this particular instance he was only carrying the gun to his farm, some distance away, to frighten the birds off the wheat, and he contended he had not in- fringed the law. He could not keep the gun at the farm, as there was no house there, and it was impossible to take the gun to the place without carrying it through the streets. He took out a licence two days after the date of the alleged offence.—Mr. Miers said defendant had taken out a licence for 30 years, but omitted doing so in time this year, through carelessness. He would be fined in the costs.—Watkins I won't pay. I will go to prison first. I do not consider this a prosecution, but persecution.— The Clerk A distress warrant will issue.— Watkins I pity the man who comes to dis- train. (Laughter). ————
Blackmore Fashions for Ladies, Children, Gentlemen and Boys.—Patterns of above to be obtained at Morgan & Co. 's, Chronicle Office. Price, 2d. and 3d. each. ▲
t JIFF HEAQACHE AND TOOTHACHE POWDERS owing to the War are &id.,eacb; 3/- per dozen. But they are worth their weight in &9!!1. PURITAN SOAP is used in Britain's happiest homes sa
l Crickhowell Medical Officer's I Report. Dr3 Hill, Medical Officer of Health for the i I Crickhowell District, in his annual report, says I there were shortages of water at Crickhowell and Llanelly Hill, but, so far as could be ascertained, the remainder of the district did not suffer. The I total rainfall for the year was 46.72 inches. Ten cases of diphtheria were notified, seven in the I Crickhowell division of the district, and three in Llanelly. Two deaths resulted, one being ascribed to post scarletinal diphtheria. This disease is not infrequently found associated with the acute stage of scarlet fever, but it more often arises during the period of convalescence. Three deaths out of 63 cases of scarlet fever were notified. This disease was more especially a disease of childhood, the incidence being greatest at de aaand six years of age. Of the number notified 41 were between five and 15 years. Dealing with typhoid fever in Llanelly, the Medical Officer states :—" Nine cases of typhoid l fever have been notified, affecting four houses, and one death registered. The cases were con- fined to Llanelly. The modes in which typhoid fever is disseminated are various. It is not com- monly transmitted from person to person. Flies may carry the disease to food or drink, and so be the means of communicating the disease from person to person. The most common vehicle, however, of the poison is drinking water, which may be contaminated in various ways, mostly by sewage, and this applies in a dangerous degree at llanelly. As it seems improbable that any hope can be entertained of a new system of sewerage being carried out by the Brynmawr Urban Council until after the termination of the war, and after,' may be an indefinite term. It has suggested itself to me whether it would be possible to offer the inhabitants of Llanelly the use of typhoid vaccine. This vaccine is used as a prophylactic against typhoid fever. It is being used on a large scale by the military authorities as a means of rendering troops immune to this disease, as by its use the incidence of enteric fever and the case of mortality among the vaccinated are very considerably lowered. It is estimated that the incidence among the vaccinated is lower than that among the un- vaccinated by 50 to 75 per cent., and the mor- tality is reduced to one-sixth, and the reduction is still greater among those who have received more than one inoculation of the vaccine. The vaccine should be obtained at the public ex- pense. I CONSERVING OF INFANT LIFE. There is an interesting paragraph under this heading :— In no way are the ravages of war more seriously felt or more difficult to replace than the loss of human lives. The destruction of life in the present war is enormous and continuous. These lives are lost for ever,, and all we can do is to conserve the lives of those now living and make preparation for watching over the lives of those about to be born. There is no doubt that the mortality of children under five years of age, and more especially that of children under one year of age, is largely preventable. There is an immense field for activity if we consider the familiar causes at work in the destruction of the infant, since every fault in the domestic en- vironment, whether before or after birth, of mother or child, causes some wastage of child life. The housing of the poor and the education of the house wife have to be considered with greater seriousness than ever. Further, the care of expectant mothers, the supplying of skilled and prompt attendance upon confinements at home, the supervision of mid wives, and the treatment of children up to school age, and sub- sequent treatment during school life, are matters which will have intensified attention. The I question of infant feeding should attract in- creasing attention, and rightly so, for no question is more far-reaching in its physical, social and economic consequences. The increasing ten- dency of the young mother of the present age not to suckle her child is a menace to the welfare bot11 of the individual and of the nation, which cannot fail to bring in its train a heavy retribu- tion. Tue breast-ted baby is healthier, happier, gains in weight more regularly and to a greater extent, and enjoys a more placid existence than its fellow brought up on artificial food. I believe that in future there will be hss malnutrition amongst the elder children, no doubt due to the liberal allowance made by the Government to soldiers' dependents, and the almost entire absence of unemployment." Referring to the Health Visitor, Nurse Lyne, who temporarily resigned her appointment during the part of the year, for nursing duty in a military hospital, Dr. Hill says that up to the period of her leaving she visited and gave in- structions to a large number of expectant mothers, with special reference to their care and feeding. Forty-six cases of successful primary vaccination ani 16 cases of re vaccination were recorded by the Public Vaccinator during the year. The number of cases of primary vaccin- ation in 1914 was 74. This decline the Medical Officer considers very discouraging, and he points out that except in the case of those protected by vaccination, immunity is rare in smallpox, and it must be clearly understood that no medical organization, however complete, and no system isolative sanitation and general preparedness for dealing with outbreaks could be safely trusted in the absence of systematic primary vaccination, should an epidemic of this disease occur in this country. These are the grounds upon which he contends the State should repeal the so-called conscientious objection clause. The births registered in the district numbered 158, viz., 02 boys and 66 girls. The rate for the year was 20.4 per 1000, as against 24.6 last year, the average for the previous five years being 23.1. The deaths registered numbered 105, as I against 100 lasL year, which affords a death rate of 13.6 per 1000 muabitants per annum. The number of deaths among infants under 12 months of age amounted to 17, being 107.6 per 1000 net births. There are tables showing inspections of houses, &c., with other statistical information, and a paragraph paying tribute to the work of the sanitary officials, Messrs. F. J. Hurley and E. R. Morgan. In November Mr. Morgan left to join the London Sanitary Company, R.A.M.C. He was an able, conscientious and efficient officer, and I much regret his departure."
I FARMERS.. Study the Health of YOUR LIVE STOCK. t The success of the Lambing and Calving Season depends largely on the Lreadi- |. ne" with which emergencies and iudden 1 f ?. U)neM can be meL Jf .N.O' ';R'ëiGR 10 ,t. D Y,S tT RELIABLE ESSENTIALS RED DRENCH.-For Co-s and EWU, Feveft. lAM of CIaII. Pric.e (Ewet), 2/6 pw dmi (Co«r», *»/. par fx.) Ties. < a/- and ^23>. wm66 GASEOUS FLUID.—For chni4 Hw. t A restorative for all waakljr Ask"b. f Price QO¡- per des. Rett Urn. J CHEMICAL EXTRACT.-For A"Otjng after Parewitsoo, itrw, WaMrfa, Aa. f Mm 818 pm C U RDOI.IX.-fIw Jmw « okflta I I WW* RN QNW Skit, A* 0 I Pita 81- 41- ft BoKk I Quit Tta. VJG. L 1- PC 1ft. J DAY: SON & HEWITT. LONDQN.- ￼ ?, aSBMBBeaaMsatSii?t??? ??ttiXtXM ?? (S1 | —— ￼ L Annual Sales &.?<?M't 1?0,000< tMB Has secured the HIGHEST AWARDS IN EUROPE* 9■H | ??? ? M??t? Zt ?? a I.A?OER SALE t?m any other Separator ■H S???S???t? sold in Great Britain. B ???? ?'' ￼ ￼ ￼ r*? IT IS oUAANTEEO TUN YEARS. N t?!?BM? ??- ? Cavity. 15. £3 150 t fifi f iirMl ??? 27 £ 5 IO Ou ■ ■ "*?????? ?N No. 2 50 £ 10 Go J?ttR ?'? 82 „ CI5 15 0 ¡ ■ m t??M Compare prices with others. ?j "? ￼ ￼ ￼ t N t One Month's Free 'Tfi?l. Send for List of Testimonin.!s R. 4. FITLW00D & BLAND. 31-35, Beveniler. St.. London. r Ride a T w I RALEIGH 1 THE ALL-STEEL BICYCLE On your business journeys. GUARANTEED FOR EVER Fitted with Dunlop Tyres and Sturmey Archer Tri-Coaster. Prices from 97 10. to igIO 16s, Snula Post Card far The Booh of the RsMgh." ABcKuMViLrtNY Aiergaven. 53, Cross Street. CWM W A. Boulton & Co., 5, Ger- ming St. & 133, Marine St. CRICKHOWELL-Percy Wilks, High Si. RAGLAN Davies & Jones.. ;=; RALEIGH OVOL. CO., LTD., NOTTIMOHAM. J? Cycling for Health and Points for Cyclists,' by Sir Frank Bowden. fij Bart., F.R.G.S. 1/- 100 pp. Prom Agents and Bookstalls. ? ￼ ——-?-—————— ,„ r — ￼
Maindiff Court Red Cross Hospital. j The Committee wish to thank all those who I hava kindly sert gifts during the past fortnight. The following have been received :— Eggs and Butter.—iTb. butter and four eggs. Anon)mous; 12 eggs, Mrs. Davis, Killough I 30 eggs, Mr. Lew is, Tread am 10 eggs, Mrs. j Whatmore, 7 Tiverton-place 12 eggs, Mrs. Bews, Mantilio Vicarage 36 eggs, The Misses Jackson, Brynderi; 12 eggs and itb. butter, Mrs. Bayliss, Upper White Castle 119 eggs, Goytrey Parish Church, per Mrs. J. Davies, Goytrey Rectory ilt>. butter, Miss Johnson, Treadam. Miscellaneous.—Half-gallon milk daily, Miss Jones, Llantillio Pertholev 3 gallons weekly, Sir Ivor Herbert (Llanover) sack of potatoes, Mr. Gething, Coed Glas four bags of potatoes and case of dates, Mrs. Pritchard, Bryn-Caen, Penpergwm rhubarb; Mr. Ruther, Maindiff Farm cakes, Cafe Chant ant, Town Hall 12 packets of cigarettes, Mrs. Jones, Bank House 1,500 cigarettes, Colonel Herbert, Trebencyn 10s. worth of tobacco and cigarettes, L. & N.W. Rly. Staff, per Mr. Baker Sunday papers, Mr. Evans, newsagent daily papers, from Colonel Herbert, Trebencyn, Mr. Howell James (Bank House) and the Manager of Messrs. W. H. Smith & Sons gramophone records, Mr. H. Gething. Owing to pressure on our space we were unable to publish the above list last week.
+ SUNSHINE VERSUS MOONSHINE. I Of the former we have had ocular demonstra- tion daily since the great day when nearly everybody went to Bailey Park to see a sight that couldn't be seen-it was all moonshine,— and the point now under consideration is, first to ascertain who was the perpetrator of the hoax," and then find an Act of Parliament under which he may be called to account for acting so foolishly on All Fools Day." I have heard of a man who composed, what he con- sidered; a very amusing Farce, and laid it before a competent authority for approval. The critic read it carefully, and returned it to the writer with the remark Very well written depend upon it, young man, tiiis is not a thing to be laughed at," wnich was indeed negative sarcasm. Of coursc, the Farce never reached the printer, and the first performance never came off and the Bailey Park hoax may sliare the same fate, with the exception t at it secured a big audience on its first and only pertormance. Economy is preached, but not practised by many hundreds of people at the present crisis, and he must have been a wag who said I pay for something I can't get, with money that I haven't got, and then sell what I never had, for more than it ever cost," which he argued was economy pure and simple the latter adjective, I presume, applied to those who believed him. There is an ell saying that sitting down on a hot stove foretells an early "spring." I have not heard of any hot stoves around this section, but the buds and flowers now to be seen, prove that spring is well advanced, and I can only hope that as the season goes on there will be abundance of fruit and vegetables for the. horns supply and for distribution amongst those brave fellows who in distant lands are doing their best to quell the enemy and keep the home fires burning." Time is on the wing, and being just at he end of my tether, for the present, I submit, in con- I 1 elusion, a suitable inscription to place insicie a grandfather's clock Could but our tempers move with this machine, Not urged by passion or delayed by spleen, And true to Nature's regulating power Bv virtuous acts distinguish every hour Then health and joy would follow as they ought The laws of motion and the laws of thought, Sweet health to pass the present moments o'er, And everlasting joy when Time shall be nc more. The motors, trams and all fast-moving vehicles have been placed in obscurity during the past ten davs by dust-clouds—in the Here- ford and all other roads leading into the town. I am told the Surveyor has been looking around and promises a visit from the tar sprayer as early as possible. For the sake of the populace, I hope he will not act on the wait and see principle and come too late," as tne smother- ation almost puts us out of signt and mind t no DUSTY BOB. Somewhere in Monmouthshire. April 11, 1916. + ————
Monmouthshire Volunteer Hegt. J ORDERS FOR^WEKK ENDING APRIL 29th Monday, April 24--Being Easier Monday, there will be no parad Thursday, April 27-Tlie Company will parade in Drill Hall at 7.30 sharp. Uniform to be worn. Class B Armv Reserve are invited to attend. Saturday, April 29- -Firing practice in Drill Hall, 7 to 9 p.m., for all ranks. Duties for the Week Orderly Officer, Quartermaster P. Scott; Orderly Sergeant, Acting Sergt. W. Llewellm Orderly Corporal, Acting Corpl. Williams. I By order. F. P. J. HANBT RY, I O.C. Abergavenny Co.
I MONMOUTHSHIRE HOUNDS. Now that the season 1915-16 has come to a close, a word of recognition may be offered to those good farmers upon wnose land we have doubtless knocked down a fence here and there accidentally, galloped over a sown field quite inadvertently, or to whom perhaps we have not J always been as deferential as the occasion merited for a direction s a gate opened or a gap undone for our passage. Many a time have we ad the opportunity of being grateful to some kind Cicerone for "the Monmouthshire hounds are fast, and the fences sometimes quite unjumpable hence the pack now and again being lost to view. And it blows in this latitude, and blows ard, the music of the hounds consequently being too indistinct to direct our way. Now, a multitude of people throughout the country have occasion to rejoice that there are such institutions as Hunting Establishments. And let it not be forgott- n t-iat, in normal times, there is snent in comitcUon with hunting in the United Kingdom somet ing like twelve million pounds in Le course of a year. It is a figure colossal, a sum nearly impossible to appreciate, so vast is its magnitude. ->nd were there no more hunting, t: at amount wo ild be diverted from its various c iann- ls of expenditure, would be taken out of the country and devoted to the sport elsewhere, in a rp ere far less congenial than what is offered by t e H:-itih Isles. This is the time of yar when t e baby fox- hounds begin to arrive and later on it is most essential they s ould a >• gooi walks for it is then that their constit ,.uons -re to be built up for the strenuous days of the adult age. May a hope be given expression to t at tue Kennels will be assisted in t is oojec., for tie puppies are the boys t at keep down the foxes in the days to come This Bit and Spu" fello.v "las been further t n r.n Cwm'-ov, r.nd i. hunted m several countries. That fact has enabled him to coni, to t,;(, genial farmers and better sportsmen c" id discovered than those over w o e I d e Monmouthshire Hounds have the rnv ,i ranting. To all of them the best o f c ■ 11 every particular till we meet again next season HIT AND SPUR. —
Monmouthshire Red 0 -oss Association. ABER&AV £ ftftV ANCH. Hon. Treasurer's of Account, 31st 193 6. 1915, July i-To b.u .nee m "nd as perlaststntein-UL 6 5 10 1916, Mar. 31 Sundr evictions, &c. Goytrey i'^ris- '.v'orkers.. 5 5 0 Mrs. Davies, Go. :rv 200 I.t.-Co1.J.H, !rris.. 100 Mrs. Straker 050 Captain J. R. jaroh 050 Proceeds of Garden h'¡ e 53 o 4 Alexandra Rose Day o./uec' ion 59 13 10 F. R. Hobbes, Esq., pr >ce«-d of Dramatic Entert.unm.-nt 29 16 3 His Worship the Ma T )av Collection u o o King Henry VIII. Gramui.-ejool collection 013 6 ^169 4 90 EXPENDirUZ< July 1915 to Sundry purchases of Wool £ 59 4 4 Purchases of Flannel a?ul Shirt Materials 69 5 2 Carriage, parcel post, po ages, &c. 2 15 6 Balance at Bank 37 19 9 £ 169 4 q I hereby certify that 1 have examined the above acconnt with the vouchers and bank pass book and found same correct, R. H. JACKSON, Hon. Auditor, April 4th, 1916. After the balance s-eet was audited, the following sums have been received :Nlr. Baker- Gabb, £ 25 Lady Herbert (of Cold rook), £5: Colonel and trs. Gilbert iarris, £5; Mrs. Attwood-Mathews, £ 2 and ot 'er s aall sums from the Honble irs. Bleiudian Herbert, Miss Owen (Ty (wyll) and Mrs. C .,s. I-leywood. Gifts of wool were also received from Mrs. John Prichard.
THE GREAT SKIN CURE. BUDDEN'S S.R. SKIN OINTMENT will cure Itching after one application; destroys every form of Eczema heals Old Wounds and Sores acts like a charm on Bad Lees is infallible for Piles prevents Cuts from festering*' will cure Ringworm in a few days removes the most obstinate Eruptions and Scurvy. Boxes 9d. and I ii. 3d. Agent for Abergavenny Mr. Shackleton, The Pharmacy. Agent for Pontypool, Mr. Godfrey C. Wood, Chetaiat. Printed ana Published hy M. VIOHOAK AND (1(). at 26, Fr^more 8ne-t. Ahent. u in ta. County of Monmouth. fRIUAl, APRIL 21,191ft