OUR LONDON LETTER. I IFrom 01W Special Correspondent. ] These are dull days in the House of Com- mons. There is very little to do but formal business., and the asking and answering of questions arising out of the war. We cannot have speeches by the Chancellor of the Ex- chequer and the First Lord of the Admir- alty every day, and even the harrying of the Home Secretary is a lees popular enterprise than it used tb be before it was officially stated that dealing with enemy aliens is a matter for which the War Office is chiefly responsible. The debate on the increased food prices caused some excitement, and at one time it looked as though a division would be taken i on the question. In the end, however, the matter was talked out. As prices are still rising, however, it will doubt- less be heard of again. Members listened with interest also to the War Office state- ment showing how much commission their buyer of timber has earned in a few months, and there were suggestions that ex- pert service equally valuable to the country could have been secured for considerably less money. Beyond these things there has been very little excitement. The political truce is, still maintained, and it is much to the credit cf all parties that there is no sign of its being broken. Liberals and 'Unionists, National- ists and Labour members, are all brothers and all patriots. Members of all the parties are serving with either the naval or the mili- tary forces, and there is never a sitting without some of them appearing in uni- form. Criticism of the Government, when there is any, is of a mild and friendly cha- racter, and the leaders of the Opposition help the Government in every possible way. "Phere are no late sittings, and members are generally able to get home comfortably to dinner. It is generally expected that there will be another recess before Easter, and after that it would not be surprising if the Government were to decide that Parliament shall only sit three days a week. By April most, of the supplies for the year will have been voted, and it is expected that three days a week will be ample for the trans- action of business. There. have been complaints that in some cases the separation allowances are not being forwarded as promptly as they might be to the wives of soldiers. These cases are, how- ever, exceptions, and as a general rule there has been no delay. The House of Commons wa.s much gratified the other day to hear that the wife of., the. only p-rivate soldier tnember of Parliament received her separa- tion allowance within a week of her hus- band's enlistment. The private is Sir Her- bert Raphael, member for South Derbyshire, who, has joined the Sportsman's Battalion. Sir Herbert is one of the wealthiest mem- bers of the House, and there were roars of laughter when Mr. Ronald McNeill gravely expressed his gratification that by the pay- ment of the separation allowance the War Office had placed Lady Raphael immediately beyond the possibility of destitution. To carry out the joke, a journalist called upon Lady Raphael, who confirmed the statement, adding that she is receiving sixteen shillings a week. The reporter inquired whether she found the amount sufficient for her needs, and, in case it was more than sufficient, .what she proposed to do with the balance! Many worthy people find a curious fascination in connecting the war in some way or other with the prophecies of Scrip- ture. The writer of a letter in the "Times" gives an amusing instance of the futility of such "exegetical exercises." An East 'Anglian vicar has sent him a postcard, ask- ing: "How many kingdoms are contained in the German Empire? Is it ten or eight? If the first number, they constitute, I think, the ten mentioned in Revelation xvii. 12; if the later, Austria and Hungary make the other two." Unfortunately for the vicar, he is wrong either way. There are only four kingdoms in the German Empire, and if he means States, then there are twenty-six. He must guess again. British manufacturers ought to support with enthusiasm the latest move in the cam- paign for capturing German and Austrian trade. This is the transference of the famous Leipzig Fair from Leipzig to London. It is quite certain that even if Leipzig has its fair this year at all it must be a much. smaller concern than usual, and the opportunity is undoubtedly a good one for attracting the buyers of the world to London instead of to the German city. The industries represented at the Fair are not the greatest, but even so the v.he of the orders annually booked at Leipzig was something like C46,000,060, of which the orders from Great Britain and the Dominions totalled < £ 9,000,000. A share of this is certainly worth making an effort to get, and the London Fair will be held in the Agricultural Hall in May. Only British manufacturers will be allowed to exhibit, and the trades represented will be toys and games, earthenware and china, glass, fancy goods, cutlery, electro-plate, clocks, cheap jewellery, stationery and printing. The Board of Trade is making the arrange- ments. One of the most moving sights of London these days is the disabled soldiers who have come home from Germany, having been ex- changed for wounded Germans. These heroes, broken in the war, are at present being cared for at the Millbank Hospital. Splendid fellows they are, cheerful and courageous in spite of their condition. An appeal for motor-cars to give the men trips about London met with an immediate re- sponse, and they have vastly enjoyed them- selves. It is very pleasant to see the pride and admiration felt by the people for these heroes who have been disabled while fight- ing our battles. Hats are raised as the cars pass along, and in Hyde Park the men have been heartily cheered. Among the "fairy tales told to them in Germany during their captivity were stories of the bombard- ment of London by Zeppelins and other air- craft. "Of course," said one of them, "we did not believe the yarns." Still, it was re- assuring to find that Buckingham Palace, the Houses of Parliament, the War Office, and the Admiralty were still standing. If you happened to be a waiter or a waitress and a customer asked for "two Zeppelins on a snow-cloud," I wonder what you would get for him. Perhaps, remember- ing the shape of Zeppelins, you might guess what he meant, and provide him with the homely sausages and mashed. But not everybody would be so smart. I heard the order given the other day to an elderly Italian waiter who was very much puzzled by it, and not until the order had been translated into Fleet-street English did the customer succeed in getting what u he desired. A. E. M.
The Hon. J. E. Gordon, formerly Unionist M.P. for Brighton, has died in London. Two church decorators, named Blyth and Smith, of Dublin, were killed in St. Mary's Catholic Church, Drogheda, by falling on to the altar steps through the collapse of a plank on which they were standing. Manv Lancashire cotton firms, owing to lack of coal, are considering proposals to re- duce the daily working hours and close the mills on Saturdays. It is now practically certain that H.M.S. Britannia in which generations of naval oiffcers have been trained, will be saved from shipbreakers and purchased by the nation by public siibscription.
I RIOT AT IN6APORE ￼ RIOT AT SINGAPORE. I [NDIAN REGIMENT MUTINIES. OFFICERS AND CIVILIANS KILLED, The Colonial Office on Tuesday night issued the following statement: "News has been received from Singapore that owing to some jealousy and dissatisfac- tion concerning recent promotions a portion of the Fifth Light Infantry refused to obey orders, causing a riot, which the local and neighbouring forces, with a detachment of the 36th Sikhs, assisted the authorities in quelling. "Assistance was also rendered by landing parties from British and Allied ships. "The disturbance was accompanied by a regrettable loss of life. "Some rioters were killed, and a large number have surrendered or been captured. "AU is now quiet. "There has been no destruction of pro- perty." Five British officers-Captain M. S. A. Maclean, Royal Garrison Artillery (attached Malay States Guides), Captain F. V. Izard,: Royal Garrison Artillery, Captain P. Boyce, 5th Light Infantry, Lieutenant H. S.' Elliott, 5th Light Infantry, and Lieutenant A. S. Legge, Singapore Volunteer Medical Company-and. fourteen non-commissioned officers and members of local volunteer corps were killed, and one native officer, one cor- poral, and one private died of wounds. The following members of the popula- tion also lost rtheir. lives :-r-G. O. Butterworth, Warder J Clark, T. B. Dunn, C. V. DysoJ, N. S. Edwards, A. Evans, S. Geddes. Died of Wounds.—D. J. Marshall, D. McGilvray, C. Smith, G. Wall, Dr. E. E. Whittle, G. B. Woolcombe, and Mrs. Wool- ocmbe. Nine soldiers and volunteers were wounded.
I NO 'AM BONES. I. I "No, I never carry money to give to beggars!" "NVell, I ain't pertickler wot it is, sir. If you've got some Irish stew or even an old 'am bone in yer pocket I shall be just as graceful."
LIFEBOAT TWICE CAPSIZED. I Details of the fatality which marred the launch of the Worthing lifeboat, when a vessel was in distress, were related at the inquest on the deceased man, Edward Jack Burgess. Describing the launch, Coxswain William Harry Marshall said they had no difficulty in getting a crew; they were only too eager to get into the boat. A tremendous sea. was running, almost as heavy as he had evel seen at any launch, and he was continually cautioning the crew to hold on to the life- lines. The water, witness continued, was in and out of the boat like a sieve, but they took no notice, and after sailing about an hour they had the vessel well in view under the lee. An extraordinarily heavy sea then broke over them, and before they knew where they were the lifeboat had capsized and they were thrown into the water. They scrambled back as best they could, but another sea came and capsized the boat a second time. When they got aboard again Burgess was missing. The crew were ex- hausted, the boat was unmanageable, and by the time they had recovered some of their oars Burgess had been washed ashore. A verdict of "Accidentally drowned" was returned, the jury adding that no blame was attributable to anyone. A tribute was paid to the assistance rendered. by soldiers.
a I DIFFERENT. I "Confound you, you mustn't take fish in this water! "I'm not taking your beastly fish. I'm merely feeding 'em
PASSING THE DOCTOR. I When a man goes up to be examined by the doctor with a view of joining the Forces and being sent to the Front he 'has to go through a tremendous lot of tests. Heart, lungs, teeth, etc., but particular atention is paid to eyesight in respect to clearness of vision, and also the possibility of colour blindness. A piece of coloured silk is thrust into the man's hand, and he is asked to name the colour. "Red," he says. "Right," says the doctor, and, taking the silk from 1 him, lays it back on the table amongst a heap of assorted colours, and then tells the would-be recruit to cross the room to another table heaped in a similar manner, and to match it from memory. Frequently the man succeeds in finding the right shade, or one sufficiently near it, but at a recent test the candidate asserted that a brilliant green was red, and upon being asked to match it did so by finding a purple.
I STRANGE. I Chatty Customer: "I suppose you mise your husband very much, don't you?" Widow Wilkins: "Well, sir, it do seem strange to come into the shop and find something in the till."
Only il,00Q tons of fish were delivered at Billingsgate during January, as compared with over 19,000 tons for January last year. A farthing damages haa been awarded in Mr. Justice Lush's Court to Mr. Victor Bridgman, of West Ealing, who sued Mr. Alan H. Burgoyne, M.P., for libel. <
It is a waste of time to try to cook old vegetables. Use the freshest that can be procured. Before waahincr, all clothes should be thoroughly wetted with cold water, and should be "set to boil" in cold water. In removing clothes from the line, much trouble will be saved if they are pulled into shape and folded smoothly. Bitterness, such as is sometimes met with in turnip-tops, kale, etc., is remedied by changing the water during the process of cooking. Never allow vegetablis to remain soaking in the water after they are cooked. Drain and serve at once when they are done. The use of plenty of water in, the cooking of all sorts of cabbages, sprouts, etc. is not only a preservative of colour, it also is ad- vantageous in reducing any disagreeable [ smell which is generally associated with the boiling of greens; When beating an egg, add a dessert- spoonful of hot water. It will then beat more quickly and lightly. When re-heat- ing a joint, "rap it In greased paper before placing in the oven. This keeps the steam in and prevents the meat becoming dry and hard. To clean marble dissolve a large lump of ordinary soda, in a teacup of boiling water, then stir in i enough whitening to make a thick paste. Spread over the marble, and leave on till dry. Then rub off with a wet cloth and polish. l SLIMY WASH-LE A.THER. First thoroughly wash the leather in soap and hot water, then wring it out, lay it flat on a table, and sprinkle salt all over it. Now roll your leather up tightly, placing the salted side inwards, and lay it aside for about ten minutes. Repeat the process, putting the salt on the other side of the leather, and lastly wash in warm water, rinse it well, and hang it up to dry. You will find that all sliminess has disappeared, and the leather is almost equal to new. To EXTERMINATE BEETLES, Obtain from a builder a quantity of un- slaked lime, crush it fine, and spread about where the beetles are troublesome. As a further step, plug up all holes in the floor or wainscoting from which they appear. A splendid thing to use for this purpose, and one which is cheap, is the following: Pre- pare a pail of boiling water, in which has been placed a halfpennyworth of common glue. When the glue is dissolved, allow the water to cool somewhat, and then dip sheets of newspaper into the solution, screw- ing them up, and mashing with the hands, until a thick, sticky pulp is obtained. This pulp, rammed firmly in the crevices, will prevent beetles coming through, if all have not been exterminated. GAS ECONOMIES. I One burner can be utilised to eook the whole of the "boiling part" of a dinner if a piece of sheet iron, just large enough to cover the top plate, is laid over the burners. Take gas fittings to pieces occa- sionally, place in an iron saucepan with lump soda and boil thoroughly. Then care- fully dry and replace. The result is better light and less gas used. In many stoves the fittings merely lift out. Keep handy three kettles of different sizes, use as quantity wanted demands. There is always a serious waste of gas in boiling more water than is necessary. After much cooking stand a bowl of water in the oven, The heat of the oven will suffice to heat this, which will serve for washing up. No top gas need then be used to heat water for this purpose. Another way to heat water for washing up, without using extra gas, is to place an enamelled basin filled with water on the top of any pot that is boiling. This gets the water quite hot. To MAXB FIREBRICKS. I It is not too early to manufacture these fuel-savers, for they will take time to dry before being ready for use. Get one quart of tar, and three pounds of resin. Melt them in .an old iron pot, but be very careful that you do not allow the pot to boil over, or there would be great danger of a con- flagration. Reduce the mixture to a rather cool temperature, then mix with as much sawdust and a very little charcoal can be worked in. Whilst still warm, spread the composition on a board, and when cold break it into lumps. SOME 'USEFUL RECIPES. I two SAVOURY SAUCES. — A good tomato sauce can be made from the fresh fjuit, the canned or the bright red catsup. Simmer a can of tomatoes with two cloves and a small slice of onion for three-quarters of an hour. Melt two tablespoonfuls of butter in a small saucepan and add two tablespoon- fuls of flour. When brown and smooth, stir into the tomato, season with salt and pepper, and strain. Or, take one-half pint of catsup, heat, add one-half cup of soup stock, and thicken with a teaspoonful of flour stirred in cold water. BATTER PUDDINS. Mix half a pound of flour in a basin with half a teaspoonful of salt; break in two eggs, and gradually add a pint of milk, mixing all the time. Should there be any lumps, they should disappear in the moistening. Let the batter stand a short time to rise; butter a pie-dish, pour the mixture in, and bake it in a quick oven for half an hour. It should have risen very high, and must be served at once be- fore it has had time to fall. This pudding is very good if boiled; butter a pudding basin, pour the batter into it, tie down tight with a cloth, and put it in a skillet of boiling water. The basin should be moved about for a few minutes at firat to prevent the flour settling in any part. This pudding will take rather more than an hour to boil; turn it out, and serve at once with sweet sauce round the dish. Allow any pudding tied down with a cloth to stand a few minutes before it is uncovered; the cloth will then not stick to it so much, &nd come away cleaner. HONEY DUMPLINGS.-Make a thick batter with three well-beaten eggs, half a pint of milk, a pinch of salt, and enough flour to thicken. Have ready a saucepan of boiling water and drop a spoonful of the batter into it, allowing them to boil for three minutes. The water must be quite boiling and only two or three dumplings dropped in at a time. Place them on a sieve to drain, dust with caster sugar, and serve with honey. SAVOURY BEEF. — Get from the butcher a shin of beef, and ask him to 6aw it into pieces that it may pack easily in the pot. Wash" the meat thoroughly, rub it with salt and pepper, then add what water you think necessary. Boil gently for four or five hours, or till the meat will slip from the bones. When done strain the liquor. Pick all the bones out and chop the meat fine. Season it while chopping with a little spice, and minced sage, parsley or any sweet herbs liked. Do not season too much. l Spice should be used very sparingly. Taste the meat and liquor, and add more flavour- ing if you think necessary. It is better to add too little than too much. Finally, put the meat into a deep dish or mould. Pour over the liquor in which it was boiled, and put in a cool place to set.
With the increase of 30 per cent. in the i price of beer in Berlin there has been an I almost corresponding diminution in its quality, the liquor now consumed being watered down to more than 20 per cent. of its former strength. On the pedestal of a statue of Joan of Arc at Longwy the Germans have engraved the following impudent inscription: "The maid of Orleans was always tho enemy of the English. The French are to-day fighting by the side of the English, hence Joan of Aro cannot be with the French. She is with ■us." 1
I HEROES OF THE WAB. I FIRST MAN TO WIN VICTORIA CROSS TWICE. A further list of officers and "tnen who have won the Victoria Cross for conspicuou3, acts of bravery and devotion to duty while serving with the Expeditionary Force, has been published. One of the officers is Lieu- tenant Leake, R.A.M.C., who, having been awarded the V.C. in South Africa, in 1902, has now been granted a clasp. This is the first instance of the kind since the institu- tion of the Order. Of the twelve heroes whose names are given in the list below, four have been killed:— Lieut.-Colonel Ernest Wright Alexander, 119th Battery, Royal Field Artillery. 6535 Drummer William Kenny, 2nd Bat- talion the Gordon Highlanders. Lieutenant James Anson Otho Brooke, 2nd Battalion the Gordon Highlanders, killed. Captain John Franks Vallentin, 1st Bat- talion the South Staffordshire Regiment killed. Lieutenant Frank Alexander de Pass, l?te 34th Prince Albert Victor's Own Poona Horse, killed. No. Horse, 11340 Private Henry Howey Robson, 2nd Battalion, The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment). 8185 Private James Mackenzie, late 2nd Battalion Scots Guards, killed. Lieutenant Philip Neame, Royal Engi- neers. 10694 Private Abraham Acton, 2nd Bat- talion, The Border Regiment. 6423 Private James Smith, 3rd Battalion, The Border Regiment (attached 2nd Bat- talion). No. 3556 Lance-Corporal Michael O'Leary, 1st Battalion, Irish Guards. Lieutenant Arthur Martin Leake, Royal Army Medical Corps, who was awarded the Victoria Cross on May 13, 1902, is granted a Clasp for conspicuous bravery in the pre- sent campaign. O'LEARY, V.C. I The story of how- Lance-Corporal O'Leary, the Irish Guardsman, won his V.C. is an amazing one, even as told, coldly and briefly, in the official language of the "London Gazette." Lance-Corporal O'Leary killed eight Germans, and practically captured the enemy's position single handed. The "Gazette" gives the facts as follows: "For conspicuous bravery at Cuinchy on February 1, 1915. When forming one of the storming party which advanced against the enemy's barricades he rushed to the front and himself killed five Germans who were holding the first barricade, after which he attacked a second barricade, about sixty yards further on, which he captured, after killing three of the enemy and making pri- soners of two more. "Lance-Corporal O'Leary thus practically captured the enemy's position by himself, and prevented the rest of the attacking party from being fired upon." WINNERS OF THE D.S.O. I The Distinguished Service Order has been .1 conferred on the following officers:- Lieutenant Richard Lawrence Bond, 23rd I Field Company, Royal Engineers. Captain the Honourable John Beresford .Campbell, Reserve of Officers, 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards. Second-Lieut. and Honourable Richard Coke, 1st Battalion Scots Guards. Lieutenant Douglas Stewart Davidson, 1st Battalion Royal Scots Fusiliers. Second-Lieutenant Charles Henry Dowden, 2nd Battalion Royal Scots Fusiliers. Lieutenant Frederick 'John Harington, 2nd Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment. Captain Claude Alexander Lafone, 2nd battalion, the Devonshire Regiment. Lieutenant Geoffrey Claude Langdale Ottley, late 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards. Lieutenant Frank Crowther Roberts, 1st Battalion, the Worcestershire Regiment. Captain William Watson, 2nd Battalion, the Border Regiment. Captain Alan Campbell Ross, 20th Deccan Horse. Captain Felton Vesey Holt, the Oxford- shire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry and Royal Flying Corps. Major J. L. Baird, C.M.G., Scottish Horse Yeomanry (Intelligence Corps). GALLANT MINE SWEEPERS. I The following memorandum, furnished by the Admiral Commanding the East Coaist Mine-Sweepers, detailing the recent mine- sweeping operations off Scarborough, has been issued by the Admiralty:— From December 19 to 31 sweeping opera- tions were conducted by the East Coast mine-sweepers with the object of clearing the mine-field which had been laid by the enemy off Scarborough. At the beginning there was no indication of the position of the mines,' although owing to losses of passing merchant ships it was known that a mine-field had been laid. In order to ascertain how the mines lay it was necessary to work at all times of tide, with a consequent large increase in the element of danger. The following officers are specially noticed for their services during the operations:— Commander Richard H. Walters, R.N., A.M.S. Staff. Commander (now Captain) Lionel G. Preston, R.N., H.M.S. Skipjack. Lieutenant Godfrey Craik Parsons, R.N., H.M.S. Pekin. Lieutenant H. Boothby, R.N.R., H.M.S. Pekin. Lieutenant C. V. Crossley, R.N.R., H.M.S. Pekin. Skipper T. Tringall, R.N.T.R., Trawler Solon, No. 55. Skipper Ernest V. Snowline, R.N.T.R., ,Drifter Hilda and Ernest, No. 201. Lieutenant W. G. Wood, R.N.R., Trawler Restrivo, No. 48. Skipper George W. Thornton, R.N.T.R., Trawler Passing, No. 58. Skipper William Allerton, R.N.T.R., drifter Eager, No. 202. Sub-Lieutenant W. L. Scott, R.N.R., drifter Principal. Skipper Thomas B. Belton, R.N.T.R., drifter Retriever, No. 223. The following are also commended for good service done under dangerous con- ditions, the number of the mine-sweeper being given after the name:— Robert A. Gray, engineman, No. 465. William A J Lewis, P.O., No. 450. William Gladding, cook, No. 450. Christopher Briggs, engineman, No. 450. Robert Frost, second hand, No. 43. Edwin F. Frankland, deck hand, No. 49. U George Newman, engineman, No. 451. William R. 'Kemp, engineman, No. 49. FOR DISTINGUISHED SERVICE. I The King has given orders for the follow- ing appointments in recognition of services: Distinguished Service Order.—Lieutenant H. Boothby, R.N.R. Distinguished Service Cross.—Lieutenant C. V. Crossley, R.N.R., Skipper T. Tringall, R N.T.R., Skipper Ernest V. Snowline, R.N.T.R. Distinguished Service Medal.—Rob^ ert A. Gray. engineman; William A. Lewis, petty officer, let Class; Christopher Briggs, engineman; William Gladding, cook; R. Frost, second hand.
I THE RIFLES OF THE ARMIES. I The British Army is fighting with the "Short Rifle," which was brought in after the South African war. It has since been altered to shoot a pointed bullet. The maga- zine takes ten cartridges in clips of five. The, German Mauser is really a better rifle than the British "Short Rifle," but it is not so well used by the, troops-which makes all the difference. It fires a very swift-moving pointed bullet, The magazine holds but five cartridges. The French rifle has the maga- zine in the fore-end like a gallery rifle, and fires a solid copper bullet. The Russians always fire with bayonets fixed.
The amount confiscated from the Germans I at Tsingtao is about £ 600,000. Seventy buildings which were found (fraudulently placed in the names of civilians were also taken. The negotiations between China and Japan regarding the appointment of a Japanese military adviser are proceeding satisfactorily, but nothing has yet been dis- closed. •
Jerusalem Artichokes.—If not already done these should be lifted from the open ground and stored in a shed for use. The .tubers may be replanted at any time. Allow a distance of 2t feet between the rows, and plant about 4 to 6 inches deep: Artichokes should be given well-manured ground, fnd it is beneficial to change the site of the crop occasionally. < < The Indiarubber Plant.—This stove ever- green is a most useful plant, but often grows too tall for placing on a table or in a window, and, indeed, it often becomes too unwieldy for use in an amateur's green- house. But there is a very simple way of dealing with tall specimens. Sketch A shows the top of a tall plant; B denotes the point where a piece of bark may be peeled off; and c the leaf to be removed from that joint. The stem has now been prepared for what is termed stem rooting. Pull some very fibrous loam into small pieces, then add a little well decayed leaf soil and some silver sand, and thoroughly mix all together. Next procure some live moss, and bind a part of it to the stem, two inches below the joint. As more moss is fastened to the stem upwards, fill in with the prepared compost, covering the joint with it. If the moos is kept regularly moistened, roots will soon enter the moss, D, and in time the top may be severed and placed in a pot in the ordi- nary way. < < Salads.—It is important to have a good supply of salad early in the season. Let- tuces that were .n in autumn should be pricked out in a frame to promote quiclc growth, and a further supply may be planted at the foot of a smith wall. Make another sowing of cos and cabbage varie- ties in boxes in the greenhouse. Mustard and cress should be sown regularly to main- tain a supply. A small quantity of tar- ragon and chevril should be grown in boxes tof early use to flavour the salad, and young onions are often appreciated for this purpose. Sow a few seeds in a box for the purpose. If early beet is wanted, sow a little seed of globe beet in a frame. A little celery seed may be sown for an early crop. Aldenham pink is a splendid variety for the purpose. Sow a few more cucumber seeds of the variety every day. Plants raised from the first sowing should be planted out in light, rich soil in a warm greenhouse. First Training of Young Vines. Amateurs are often over-eager to secure a crop of grapes from newly planted vines. Instead of waiting patiently for several years for the full furnishing of a roof with fruiting wood, some enthusiasts fill the space in a little more than two years. Growers for market purposes often quickly fill large spaces in glass houses with fruit-bearing wood, and crop the vines heavily. But this method is adopted with a view to taking as much as possible from the vines in a short time, and then discarding them, as they quickly be- come unprofitable when so treated. An amateur wishes to retain his vine in good bearing condition for a great number of years, and a vine well treated will repay the owner without fail. But build up the vine gradually, leaving only a few feet of new cane each year, until the top of the house is reached. In the sketch the young vine has been cut down at the cross, two feet from the border; A is the main rod B, B are two side shoots growing from it, and also the leading shoot C. Take every care of these throughout the season. » < The Week's Work.—In addition to a good stock of sweet pea plants,5? by sowing seeds thinly in small pots, and bringing them along in a frame, a few sowings may be made outdoors at intervals in drills, 2 inches deep, placing the seeds 1 inch apart. Hardy edgings for borders and beds may be planted now, where it is convenient. Suit- able plants are cerastium tomentosum, C. biebersteinii, mossy saxifragas, sedum glaucum, thrift, stachys lanata and dactylis .glomerata. In planting climbing roses against walls or pillars, loosen the ground 3 feet deep. Break and loosen the subsoil, leaving it where it is. Mix with it plenty of decayed manure and a few hand- fuls of basic slag. Into the upper soil, work some good loam, and a fair sprinkling of bonemeal. Cut the growths back to 2 feet. Syringe early peach trees with fruit set, and carry on careful disbudding. Succes- eional trees in flower keep dry and warm, fertilising at midday the expanded nowers. Start late trees, and syringe daily until the blooms open. The border must be kept moist for the trees in all stages. Tram in on walls plenty of young, well-ripened wood of morello cherries, as fruit is borne freely on this as well as on spurs. Cut out worn-out growths or branches entirely, ",0 make room. No actual forcing of fruit trees in pots is necessary, but a warm tempera- ture, with plenty of air, and a fairly moist atmosphere, except when the trees are in bloom. A little disbudding is desirable, rubbing olff ill-placed growths while still short. Short portions of the ripe wood of vinps containing a bud, which have been pofted singly, will now have the buds visibly swelling, and the pots may be plunged in bottom heat to assist growth and the formation of roots. If you are growing rhubarb, cover the crowns with pots or boxes as a means of forwarding growth and producing succulent stalks of a good colour. This is also d. good time to plant fresh quarters of rhubarb. Divide a clump into several crowns each, and plant 3 or 4 feet apart in well trenched and manured ground. Seed potatoes for April planting may now be set on end in shallow boxes and encouraged to form sturdy purple sprouts, all but one or two of which at the upper end may be rubbed off. The boxes should stand in a cool, light position. Fork over ground intended for onions, and work in some soot and wood ashes. When dry, tread or roll it to make it very firm, and take the first opportunity to sow onion seed in shallow drills J inch deep and 12 inches apart. » < Raspberries.—These should have been pruned in the autumn, but they are often left until the spring in small gardens. If not already done, cut out the old canes, and thin the young ones to four at each plant. Shorten them back if more than five feet high and tie to the stakes or wires. Autumn fruiting raspberries are pruned differently. Cut all the canes to within six inches of the ground; young growth will then be made during spring and summer. These should be thinned to the four strongest at each root, and they will produce fruit during the autumn in quantity. Good varieties are October red and November abundance. Do not dig the soil over among raspberries; but apply a top dressing of well decayed manure or rich soil.
Special constables are entitled to exemp- tion from jury service. French aigptgn^ flewp IPTPT- Hombnrg and I attacked the castle in which the Germaa General Staff was quartered. I
THINGS THOUGHTFUL I [VALUABLE BOOKS. No book is worth anything which is not worth much; nor is it serviceable, until it has been read, and re-read, and loved, and loved again; and marked, so that you can refer to the passages you want in it, as a soldier can seize his needs in an armoury, or a housewife bring the spice she needg from her store.—John Ruskin. PREPARING FOR PEACE. The next effort of the lovers of peace should be to concentrate all the world over in demanding that this unparalleled slaugh- ter of man by man shall be the last war waged by civilised nations for the settle- ment of international disputes. Surely after an -armistice has been established between the nations now at war, the majority of en- lightened people of all civilised lands will realise that a permanent world peace will be earth's greatest blessing, and entirely prac- ticable through the union of a very few of the powerful nations pledged to maintain it. Let the motto, therefore, be "Preparation for a world-peace," strong in the faith that under this holy banner there can be no such word as fail.—Andrew Carnegie. I LIFE. Wouldst live? Then suffer much. Drink deep the draught of pain. He has not lived, or he has lived in vain, Who knows not sorrow, has not felt the touch Of pity for another. Weary strife, False guided hopes, and love— These' things are Life. Wouldst restS Keep conscience clear, Do well thy work, nor heed the hurrying throng That tempts aside or bars the way. Be strong. Keep faith; go bravely on without a fear In conscious virtue. They alone know rest Who labour long and well, < And do their best. PERSISTENCE. Begin to-day, nor end till evil sink in its own grave; and if at once we may not attain the greatness of the work we plan, be sure at least that ever in our mind it stand complete before us, as a dome of light be- yond this gloom, a house of stars encompass- ing these dusky tents; a thing absolute, close to all, though seldom seen, near to' our hearts and perfect as the heavens. Be this our aim and model, and our hands. shall not wax faint until the work is done. WORK FOR ALL. God's work, it was once thought, must be done by men of peculiar endowment, born to the very end of stirring the hearts of the multitude, and by such pre-suppositions the unofficial disciple was shut out from a place in the ministries of the kingdom. But events compel us to revise our notions upon such matters, and it is well. The warfare of the ancient world was carried on mainly by picked champions who engaged in single combats, the issue defining frontiers and settling the rights of thrones} but now the nations themselves are armed, and in some lands every adult man is liable for service. The work of winning wanderers back to truth and godliness and vindicating Christ's crown rights over human souls, can no longer be done by chosen apostles, picked reformers, conspicuous evangelists. Doughty representatives of God's hosts can no longer solve in some wholesale fashion, the critical issues that start up before us as we remem- ber that the world lieth in the wicked one. Israel itself must become an armed camp, and he who does nothing for recovery of a lost or erring brother ehouWPbe slow to claim the Christian name.T. G. Selby. ENDURANCE. Hush! Hold thee still! Thine heart must undertake To win its way in spite of direst ill. Thy deeds shall stand subservient to thy will Though thy hand tremble and thy spirit quake! Each battle gained they fierce desires shall slake. Let come the good or evil, know that still Resolve and fortitude must lead, until The trophies thou would'st win thine own thou make! What though thy fondest dreams shall stand at stake, High honour counts for more. Do thou fulfil The grand requirements of thy given task: Yea-hold thee still until the morning break And thine eyes see, upon God's holy hill, Honour for thee-more than thy dreams could ask! —Harriett M. E. Bull. CRITICAL MOMENTS. The moment in a young man's day when a small decision comes for good or evil, may seem too small to him to matter much. But any decision for good and evil is aritical, and has in it the large issues that belong to both good and evil. Which drink is it that makes the drunkard? Very seldom, perhaps, the first drink-yet somewhere in the beginning the habit and the craving are formed, and the critical moment, therefore, occurs. The youth who bets once is not thinking of beconjing a gambler-yet every gambler commences just in that way, and at some early moment passes under the dominion of the most tenacious vice in the whole terrible list. The young heart that' in- dulges evil thoughts means to cast them out without being destroyed by them-but there is a moment after which they cannot be banished, and they begin to dominate and wreck the life. Young people are often impatient of warning. They feel in themselves all the strength and possibility of youth. They resent the idea that any chain can be fas- tened upon them by any act that they do not recognise as final. That is just why so many young men and women fall under the power of evil habits. They are taken un- awares, in the critical moments that are never realised till they are long over. That is why older people warn them-and nothing is more foolish than for youth to refuse to listen. KEEPING HAPPY. I'd sooner ha' brewin' day and washin' day together than one o' these pleasurin' days. There's no work so tirin' as danglin' about and starin' and not rightly knowin' what vou're goin' to do next; and keepin' your face" in smilin' order like a grocer o' market day, for fear people shouldn't think you civil enough. An' you've nothing to show for it when it's done, if it isn't a yallow face wi' eatin' things as disagree.— Mrs. George Eliot. A NEW ERA. There are remarkable signs that we have entered on a new era, and we must be blind if we do not see them. Truth, honour, faith- fulness to a plighted promise, are the things for which this country is prepared to die. It will mean a new British Empire if the things that men are now dying for, we, who survive, are to live by. If we are always going to speak the truth, no matter what the consequence, if we are going to stick to our plighted promise and never go back pn our word, and if honour is to be to us be- yond everything that can be offered by way of inducement, then life will be something quite different in business, in social relation- ships, in public and private concerns.—Dr. F. E. Rid-wiy, Bishop Tfv ate concerns.-Dr.: F. E. Ridgway, Bishop of Kensington.
More than 2,000 claims for damages have been made in connection with the East Coast raid at Scarborough, Whitby, and the Hartlepools. ME. A. Vernon, a past presi. dent of the Surveyors' Institution, has been appointed advisory surveyor and assessor to the Government Commission, of which Lord Parmoor is chairman. There been a great revival of recruit- ing euth,usiasm in Manchester, just lately, more than- five hundred men. liaving enrolled in folic days* new war loaran will pTobably be t iasjjftdt ojk 'JWarch 1. Thfl. ffrgfc instalment will be gayaHJis on April and the final pay- mmt Will probably bti deferred until August.