TUBERCULOSIS. I Sir Alfred Mond, M.P., presided on Wednesday: at a lecture given by Dr. Gavain, at the Royal Institute of Public Health on the treatment and training of tuberculosis cases. Sir Alfred said had seen and admired the exellent work )' the doctor wate doing and tlJ8 valuable re- sults he had obtained. His work was of I more than national interest.
SHOP ASSISTANTS' WAGES. The Swansea shop assistants parsed a resolution at their Albert Hall meeting drawing attention to the extremely low wages paid to a large number of shop workers, and asking the Government to extend the Trades Boards Act to the retail and v;hL)Ieenle,distributire trades.
NEW POLICE" SUPER." At Aberavon Police Court on Monday, I the Chairman (Mr. S. II. Byassl warmly congratulated Inspector D. G. Morris on his promotion to be superintendent at Barry. While they were very sorry to lose such a good officer after such a short stay, they wished him every success in his new post. The Chairman added that they looked forward with pleasure to welcoming back Inspector Hale, whom they valued very much. Mr. Dan Perkins, on behalf of the legal professiifc, endorsed the chairman's senti- ments, and added that a more estimable officer than Supt. Morris it would be im- possible to find.
SHOT IN THE ARM. I A shooting accident occurred at Saron, near Ammanford, on Thursday, as a result 4kt which a ten-year-old boy, named David Iriris Richards, was severely wounded its the right arm. It appears that a young man named Wm. Henry Bowler, Saron, had been shooting magpies, and afterwards cat down by the roadoide, placing his rifle alongside of him. Some time later Bowler got up writh the intention of proceeding into the house, when by some means, when picking up his gun, it went off. and the httJe boy Richards, wlro yras coming along the roadway worn school, received the charge in his right arm* Dr. D. R. Price ns immediately summoned, and after dressing the "wound had him removed to the Swansea Hospital, where he was de- tained.
"T" MANSION AND VICARAGE. Mr. Clement Edwards. M.P. for East Glamorgan. i4 again on the track of the pacifist campaigners in South Wales. His latest question is regarding a derelict mansion alleged to have been, purchased by a Mr. Davison in etie of the mining centres, and used for entertaining Syndi- calists and pacifists and instructing con- scientious objectors. A correspondent writes U6 that, what- ever may be said of a derelict mansion. the propagandist work of extreme Socialists and pacifists is being carried on. especially on Sundays, at Gwau'n-cae- gurwen and Ammanford. In the latter place the old vicarage, ktjown as the White House, now used for other pur- poses, and is the rendezvous of a Com- munist Club, some of whose members are locall.v termed anarchists, and the Sun- day classes at both places are utilised for the furtherance and organisation of poli- cies such as the recently-defeated down- tools policy among the miners.
Mr. Joseph Shaw. K.C., chairman of the Powell Duffryn Steam Coal Company, has been appointed a director of the G. W .R. Company, to fill the vacancy caused by the retirement of Mr. Stanley Baldwin, M.P., on his appointment as a T mior Jord of tJ¡,. Trea*urjc
JERUSALEM I ———- II!> How General Allenby Entered In the House of Commons on Wednes- day Mr. McKenna asked the Prime Mini- ster whether any further information had been received with regard to the proceedings in Palestine. Mr. Lloyd George, who was recein-ed with cheers, said: The following tele- I grain has boen received from General Sir H. Allenby:— Jerusalem, 2 p.m., Dec. 11th, 1917. H I entered this city officially at noflfc to-day. with a few of my staff, the com- manders of the French and Italian de- tachments, and the military attaches of France, Italy, and the United States of America. The procession was all on foot. At the Jaffa Gate I was received by guards representing England, Scotland, Ireland. Wales, Australia. New Zealand, India. France, and Italy. The popula- tion received me well. (Cheers). Guards haTe been placed over the Holy places. My Military Governor is in touch with the acting custodians and the Latin and Greek representative. The Governor has detailed an officer to supervise the Christian Holy places The Mosque of Omar and the area around. it has been placed under Moslem control, and a military cordon composed of Indian Mahomedan officers and soldiers has been established round the Mosque. Orders have been issued that na non-Moslem is to pass this conlon without permission of the Military Gov- ernor and the Moslem in charge of the Morque. THE PROCLAMATION. I The following proclamation was read in my presence to the population in Arabic, Hebrew, English, French, Italian, Greek, and Russian, from the steps of the Citadel, and has been posted on the walls: Proclamation of martial law in Jeru- salem. To the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Blessed and the people dwelling in its vicinity. The defeat in "Tic ted upon the Turks by the troQps under my command has resulted in the occupation of your city by my forces. I therefore here and now proclaim it to be under martial law, under which form of administration it will remain so long ailitary considerations make it necessary. However, lest any of you should be alarmed by reason of your experience at the hands of the enemy, who has re- tired, I hereby inform you that it is my desire that every person should pursue 1d. lawful business without fear of in- twruption. Furthermore, since your city is re- garded with affection by the adherents of three of the great religions of man- kind, and its soil has been consecrated by the prayers and pilgrimages of mul- titudes of devout people of the three religions for many centuries, therefore do I make known to you that every 6acred building, monument, holy spot, shrine, traditional site, endowment, pious b-equest, or customary places of prayer, of whatsoever form, of the three MØgions will be maintained and pro- tected according to the existing customs and beliefs of those to whose faiths they nre sacred. Guards have been established at Bethlehem and Rachel's Tomb. The tomb at Ebron has been placed i under exclusive Moslem control. ) The hereditary custodians of the Wakf at the gates of the Holy Sepulchre bavo been requested to take up their ae- customed duties in remembrance of the Magnanimous act of the Caliph Omar. who protected the Church." (Cheers.)
MILK STRIKE. The milk vendors of Gorseinon were on strike all day Sunday and Monday. The establishment of a milk depot is being suggested, while a correspondent suggests a military comb-out.
ZEPP DESTROYED. GENEVA, Wednesday. A series of violent explosions at Fried- ¡ richshaven, in one of which a Zeppelin was destroyed and many workmen killed and injured, are reported in a telegram from P,(>nianshorn. I
NO GRAVE FOR FUNERAL. Owing to the fact that no grave had beon âug-the gravedigger having left-a funeral at Chiilderditcli, Essex, had to be postponed for two days, the coffin remain- ing meanwhile in the church.
AMMANFORD MILK. j The Ammanford milk strike has ended in a fiasco. After withholding sup- plies for a week, the vendors resumed distribution this week, at the local Food Committee's maximum price of tort. pei quart. It will be recalled that the ven- dors claimed 7d., but from the outset they have entered into no negotiation* with the local committees, preferring fr* communicate direct with the Controller.
GERMAN BOAST. PARIS, Thursday. A message from Zurich states that Ger- man newspapers say that Hindenberg is j going to subject the Allies on the Wes- t ern front to the same treatment as Italy, and that France and Great Britain will have to resist a blow from almost all the forces of the Central Empires. These journals affirm that the Austro- German push on the Western front will finish the war by crushing the Allies, who will be forced to submit to the victors. The Germans wish to get a good peace, or in other words, our peace.Ex- change Special.
VICE-CONSUL CHARCEO: I Port Talbot Case Dismissed. A prosecution under Regulation 45 G. of the Defence of the Realm Regulations took place at Port Talbot on Wednesday. The defendants were Hyzalmcr Svendsen 3). a Norwegian dock runner, Swansea, who was charged with falsely represent- ing himself to be connected with the Norwegian Government, to wit, the Nor- wegian vice-constllate at Swansea; E. M. Clason Dahne (40), vice-consul, Swansea; and David L. C. Dahne (45), solicitor, Swansea, who were charged with aiding and abetting. Mr. Edwar.1 Powell repre- sented the Public Prosecutor, and Mr. R. T. Leyshon deft»(k>d. The magistrates were Messrs. S. H. Byass, Charles Jones, Godfrey Lipscomb, and Major Grey. Mr. Edward Powell explained that Port Talbot was in the Cardiff consulate dis- trict, but by arrangement the vice-consul at Swansea saw to the interests of Nor- wegian subjects at Port Talbot, as it was nearer than Cardiff. In order to assist him in his duties, Mr. Dahne had ap- pointed a Mr. Gheldersen as secretary at Port Talbot, and when occasion arose the man was supposed to call Mr. Dahne for instructions. Mr. Gheldersen had no dock pass, and an ar- rangement seemed to have. been made be- tween him and the defendant Svendsen, who had a dock pass, so that when Norwe- gian vessels came in Svendseu oould use his pass to see Norwegian subjects and raport to Mr. Gheldersen. On October 9th a Norwegian shiip arrived at Port Talbot, having on board a number of sailors who had been sent from Gibraltar. The cap- tain, Captain Olsen went to an office and saw STendsen and Gheldersen. He asked if it was the Vice-Consul's. Mr. Powell said Svendsen, on board the vessel, represented himself as vice-consul. •ind stamped papers with the consular sea l Mr. Clason Dahne, giving evidence for the prosecution, said he had appoir- 1 Gheldersen as secretary in the Port Talbot call office. He never authorised Svendsen to act for him. In reply to Mr. Leyshon, witness admit- ted writing a lett.-r supporting Swend- sen's application for a dock paes, saying tUat Svendsen assisted him at Port Talbot, but ho repudiated a letter written by his brother, Carl Dahne, authorising Svendsen to act for him on Norwegian vessels, as Gheldersen had no dock pass. Christian Gheldersen, clerk to Olsen and Knielsen, said he arranged with Svendsen to transact business for him at the docks. On October 9th Carl Dahne instructed Svendsen to pay off the ship's crew. St-endsen gave similar evidence, and the magistrates without retiring dismissed the charge against Svendsen. The other cases were not proceeded with.
WELSH CENTENARIAN. Mrs. Lewis, of Llanaeron, the Cardigan- s hire centenarian, died on Tueeday morn- ing at the age of 105. Mrs. Lewis was the oldest inhabitant of the county, and spent all her life within its boundaries.
CLYDACH AIRMAN. Mr. Henry N. Miers, J.P., Ynispen- j llwch, Clydach, received a wire on Wed- rvesday night conveying the news that her-; I eldest son, Capt. R. H. P. Miers, Royal Flying Corps, had met with a flying acci- dent which had terminated fata!K.
NEW VOTE OF CREDIT. Mr. Bouar Law in the House of Com- mons on Wednesday moved a Vote of Credit for £ 550,000.000, which brings the total amount asked for since April 1 to 02.450,000,000. He stated that during the thirty-five weeks ending on December I the averagp daily expenditure was .61),686,000, or an excess of £ 1,275,000 over the Budget estimate, the total excess be- ing = £ 309,000,000. But he regards expendi- ture amounting to £ 225,000,000 as recov- era ble. Deducting this sum from the total, he puts the gross excess over the Budget estimate at only t350,000 per day instead of £ 1,275,000. Among the outgoings which he looks upon as recoverable are the advances to j our Allies, including Russia. On this point he urged members not o exaggerate what has happened in Russia. No great State, he said, had ever entirely repudi- ated its debts, and scarcely any great State had ever in any way modified them. Sooner or later there would be a stable Government in Jinssia, and the success of the country would be impossible without outside financial assistance, which would not be given unless responsibility for pre- vious debts were accepted. As to the future, the Chancellor of the Ex- chequer < said that if the war continued till the new financial year it would be his duty to put on such fresh taxation as would make it certain that when hostili- ties ended it would not be necessary to impose moje.
COAL CONTROLLER. Mr. D. R. Llewellyn, presiding at Ped- din^ton on Thursday over the annual meeting of the Gwaun-cae-Gurwen Col- liery Co., said they had now had twelve months' experience of coal control, which had been a most unhappy one. It was chiefly due to the Coal Controller having taken upon himself the duties of adjust- ing disputes as to wages and customs, and granting increases in a way of his own without consulting the coalownerr* aego- ciitione in the various coalfields of the country. The result had been that burdens had been unequally distributed. South Wales in particular had been very unfairly treated Out of a possible 302 working days during the last financial year their collieries had only worked 206—two-thirds of the time. The lack of trade accounted. for 56 days lost and strkes 46, and under ouch, conditions the report and balance- sheet was satisfactory. The directors had had a particularly anxious time, and a great, deal of attention had been paid to renewing flierr leases. Lord Rhondda. before he left the Board, was part-cularly anxious that they should renew their leases, which had only a short time to run, and to make them co- terminus. Dividends were declared as follows:— Final dividend 111 per cent., making 15 per cent. for the year on ordinary shares and 7 per cent. for the half-year on preference shares. It is officiallv denied that the Moor Line, Ltd., contemplates selling its fleet. £ 170 000 was realised for 4.000 acres at the 1c of,Lo-d Shrewsbury's Cheshire estat Eie, t persons have been burned to f.,t11 in small T ond an in the last six diiya.
TRIBUNAL DIALOGUE Colonel Pearson and the z Russian. The West Wales Mining Tribunal sat a; the Rural District Council Offices, Swan- sea, on Tuesday. Col. Pearson presvd. Mr. G uy Warren represented the coal- owners and Mr. J D. Morgan the miners. C,apta,in Harold Williams was the mili- tary representative Among the cases heard was tL-at of a RuGcian working at Tumble. He iiad pre- viously sent his application and been asked to supply particulars as to the places at which he had worked since 1914. In 1"& sponce to that query, the form had been fiilled in with the words "South Amenicr." When the case was now called on, the local workmen's representative turned to the Russian with a smile and said Dere 'mlan, and the Russian fallowed liim to the witnns chair in semi-circle fa-cing the morn >ers of the tribunal. Colonel Pearson asked why further par- ticulars of where he had worked had not been given. There were thousands of col- lieries in South America. Workmen's representative: He does not understand English, and we cannot get him to understand. Colonel Pearson: How does he under- stand about b;i5 pay ?—He gets other people to explain, I suppose. Colonel Pearson (to the Russian): Ton have been to'South America? Applicant: Yes. Which country do you love best?— Argentina. Workmen's Representative: He does not understand. Do you like Russia or Eng- land, or America best—which do you teke best. The R.uan; Russia—English. Colonel Pearson (to applicant): Yon, are like some others: you love every country but your own. There is an old Welsh, saying-" Cas gwr na charo'r wlad a'i mago "-which can be freely translated to mean. A man who is not prepared to fight for his country is not worth a damn." (Laughter and applause.) Exemption refused. Exemption was refused a joiner who had entered the mine since the war, also to another carpenter now described as a mechanic. In another case, a man said he had left the pit for the limeworks. but returned because his health suffered through the change. Col. Pearson: I am surprised that col- liery managers do not charge 100 guineas a week for the use of their collieries as subterranean hydropathics. (Laughter.) Exemption was refused, b-t leave to appeal was given
SWANSEA BUTTER FINE. Edward Jones, trading as Henry Paul and Co., City of Cork, Ireland, was fined £20 at Swansea on Monday for breach of the Butter Prices Order. W. E. Chappell was fined S20 for a similar offence. Mr. C. H. Newcombe represented defendants. In one case a profit of 3Ss- per cwt. was made
REFUSED TO MARRY. At Aberavon County Court on Tuesday, before His Honour Judge Lloyd Morgan, K.C., Emma James, 12, Copper-row, Cwm- avon, widow, soed Wm. Morgan, 5 Hazlc- wood-terrace. Cw in a von. collie:, for im. The plaintiff's claim wap that she had suffered damage through the seduction by the defendant (If. Bronwen James, the daughter and servant of the plaintiff. Mr. Mo&s Thomas was for plaintiff and Mr. Lewis M. Thon: defended. Mr. Moses Thomas said the plaintiff was a widow ax "7 mother of 13 oiuldrwn, ten of whom were alive. The defendant had been coHrting the daughter for five years, and on January 9th last she gave birth to a child. The pateftiity was not denied, and the defendant had taken tie custody of the child, by oonsect, and he paid 3i)s. midwife's fee. Mr. Lewis M. Thomas mentioned that it was only a question of amount of. damages 00 far as he was concerned. Within 12 hours of the birth of the child the plaintiff and her daughter adopted quit £ an unusual procedure. They got T.h" child sent down to the defendant's house and had never worried their heads about it since, and- the defendant had pad all the expenses concerned. He had refused to marry the girl, but he did the next best theng. His Honour found that the defendant's oonduct after the birth of the child was very much in his favour, and he gave judgment in favour of the plaintiff for jB20 and costs on scale B.
WAR IN RUSSIA. j PETR0( 11:A1), Wcdnesday, (Received Thursday). A dispatch from Se vastopol says that according tn wireless news from Rospoff, General Kaledin is besieging the town. The general reports that fighting is pro- ceeding near Maklictchevan. The Kor- lila transport is firing on the Cossack cavalry, which is advancing from; Novo Tcharkask. A tilt patch from Rieff also reports that fighting is beginning at Rostoff, where the uxnnahst troops are supported by guns oi a d-^t.cement of the Black Sea Ifleet. Fierce fighting is reported to be con- iinOiclgored, with heavy losses on both sides. Petrograd, ruesday.General Kornilofi has broken through all opposition, and will speedily unite with the forces of General Kaledin at Novocherkassk. The Bolshevists sent considerable forces, in- cluding sailors and Red Guatds, to inter- cept iioriiiloff, and a collision took place in the neighbourhood of Belgorod. As the news it) given here, this resulted in a sig- nal victory for the forces of the Prolet- ariat Government. But the truth is quite, otherwise. Korniloflf, on leaving Bikhoff, the place where he was confined near Headquarters at Moghileff, ordered the half dozen generals who escaped with him <;o save themselves by separating and pro- ceeding in various disguises, mostly as ccmmon soldiers, to a common rendez- vous at Novocherkassk. Korniloff himself took command of the so-called Wild Division, several hundred Cavaliers of Saint George, one or more 1),e.Ath Battalions, and some batteries of I artillery. With these forces he marched tn campaign order through Russia. His trcnerajs have safely reached their dc, rination in the Caucasus, Oppositie KorniK/tt mostly talk u:Uil Belgorod I was --eaclied. Here large bodies of Bolshevist troops, including Polia,h ieaionaries, threw themselves across his nath. Lie divided his three thousand odd men into four echelons, and sent forward one echelon, without artillery, by train. This inconsiderable body of Korniloff's troopa was met and swallowed up by masses of Bolshevist troops, who promptly trumpeted a glorious victory. Korniloff, liowover, had manoeuvred his main body, with the artillery, behind the rear of the Bolshevists, who were taken at a dis- advantage. The sailors broke and fled, while considerable bodies of soldiers either flung down their arms or openly went over to Korniloff. But the Red Guards "ere surrounded and dealt with very drastically, no military force any- where in Russia having much real sym- pathy with this mercenary organisation. —" Morning Post.' The Bolshevist Government has issued a proclamation which says: The Council of Commissaries of the people, fully conscious of the enormous responsibility developing upon ity in regard to the destinies of the people of the revolution. declares the Cadet Party to be a re- bellious and counter-revolutionary or- ganisation, and the Council pledges itself not to lay down its arms in the struggle against the Cadet Party and the troops of Kaledin.—Reuter.
TURKEY TIRED. I GENEVA, Wednesday. The newspaper La Suisse" states that Moukt.ar Bey, one cf the chief Turkish ,dal. sent to treat with tita British delegates at Berne for the exchange of prisoners arrived here yesterday. It is added that he has asiieu Lonstanti- oDle. for full powers to begin, if possible, negotiations for a separate peace with the British delegates, as he considers the opportune ty favourable to oyen pour- parlers Mouktar admits that the fall of Jeru- salem is a great blow to Turkey.—" Daily Express," It was recently reported in the Daily Express" that the Turkish delegates on their wav to Vienna had been detained 1 there owing to the fear of the Au?triao I Government that they miaht bclin nego- tiations for peae. v — O
ITALY'S FIERCE STAND. The Press Association special corre- spondent with the Italian army, writing on Wednesday night (received Thursday), says:—The enemy continues to mass troops, artillery, and munitions along the Trentino front, but more particularly on both sides of the Brenta river, where the valleys descend in a V shape to the centre and south of Valstagna, which is only seven miles from Bassano. Italian, British, and French airships regularly bombard the Austro-Germun reinforcements, but new contingents con- stantly come to fill up the gaps. Besides this possibility of automatically renewing the attacking troops, the enemy has an I undoubted superiority in artillery. This overwhelming artillery destroyed the Italian defences, and killed, wounded, and buried many of the defenders, but the survivors resisted all the attacks 60 fiercely that the enemy's losses averaged 50 per cent, of his strength. ITALY'S ENTHUSIASM. ROME, Wednesday. (Received Thursday). Parliament to-day applauded the name of Great Britain and France for the generous assistance their troops are giv- ing to the Italian army, and America for her declaration of war on Austria. The whole House stood and clapped hands, while the public cried: Long Live England! Long Live France! Long Live America I" A passage in the Premier's speech which was especially applauded, was that in which he said Italy wanted peace, but with fitoour, Justice, and Liberty which ctfttM only be obtained by I continuing the War to a victorious end.- I Reuter.
FAMOUS HUN AIRMAN. AMSTERDAM, Wednesday. (Received Thursday). According to the Telegraaf," Flight- Lut. Erwils Boelilke, commander of the Boelcke Flying Squadron, has befen killed on the Western Front. The Order Pour Le llerit had been oonformq tipon. him, but too late for presentation.— tress Association War Special.
A WEE-IRACY. I PRESS BUREAU, Wednesday. The Secretary of tjie Admiralty makes the following anouncement Weekly returns ot arrivrk, failings, var losses, and unsnec#- ,Sl attacks for the week ending midnight, l>eofember 8th. Arrivals and sailings of tnerchant v es- isele of all nationalities Over 100 tdns Bet fet and from United Kingdom ports (ex- el-usive of fishing and local ra.ft):- Arrivals «. 2,426 Sa-ilings I 2,384 British merchant vessels sunk by mine of submarine (1,600 tons gross or over) 14 Ditto (under 1,600 tons) 7 British merchant vessels unsuc- cessfully attacked by submar- ines 11- Britisli fiehing vessels sunk 0 The Admiralty adds the following note: This return invariably includes all mer- cantile tonnage known to have been sunk by mine or submarine, whether employed on Government service or otherwise. •Includes two attacked week ending November 21th and three week ending December 1st.
HAIG AND THE SAMMIES. I '.e following is the text of a letter from Field durshal Sir Douglas Haig to General Pershing:— Dear General Pershing, I have much pleasure in forwarding herewith for your information the copy of a report submitted to me by General Byng, com- manding the Third British Army, on the frallant conduct of the companies of railway engineers in and near Gouze- court on November 30. I desire to ex- press to you my thanks, and those of the British Army engaged, for the prompt and valuable assistance rendered, and I trust that you will be good enough to convey to these gallant men iz much we all appreciate their prompt and sol- dierly readiness to assist in what was for a time a difficult situation. I much regret the losses suffered by these com- panies.—Yours very truly, (Signed) DOUGLAS HAIG."
CUBA IN THE WAR. I HAVANA. Wednesday. I (Received Thursday). The House of Representatives has i passed a resolution declaring that a state I of war exists between Austria-Hungary .I and Cuba.—P.A. War Special. "I
THE LOST POSITION. T T., the House of Common* oll ^'eclu-esday night, Mr. J. H. '1 houu- tsiad the Government whether they co Id make a statement to allay the very strong feeling existing in the country, which was common go&sip, that, as a result of the last offensive aud the subsequent counter- attacks, very many lives were lost *ud heavy casualties were inflicted upon us. There was a feeling growing up that, so far as people at the top were concerned, blunders were not dealt with in the same waJ as thos at the bottom. Mr. Bonar Law said it was true that there were rumours of various kinds, but so far as he was able to judge with all the information available to the Govern- ment these rumours were greatly exag- gerated. In his opinion a very large part of the exaggeration was due to the exaggerated hopes with which our initial success was received ih the House. As to the set-back, he would give the Committee nearly all the information the Government had about it. In the night or in the early morning the Germans made different attacks upon our forces at Cambrai. The smallest of these attacks, having regard to the numbers engaged, wa.s on a part of the front where, owing to surprise, the Ger- mans broke through. The other two at. tacks made by larger troops were re- pulsed with great los-, on the part of the >nemy. The moment the Cabinet re- ♦•H'iyed all account of what had hap- pened they felt that there was some- thing which ought to be explained, and the first thing the Cabinet did was to 11Cnd instructions to the Field Marshal to [ give the Cabinet a full report of all that l had happened and as far as he could the (use.
Heard's Stands Preeminent FOR FIRST-CLASS FRUIT, VEGETABLES, and CONFECTIONERY, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. HEARB,S STORES, 17, Station Road, PORT TALDOT, 67, High Street, ABERAVON, 10, Parade, NEATH, 18, Windsor Road, NEATH.
NEATH AND DISTRICT BILL-POSTING CO. ADVERTISING CONTRACTORS. Owners of all the Principal Hoa: dIngs in NEATH and District. For Terms, etc., apply- MANAGER, 45, LONDON ROAD, NEATH.
I NODION AR BYNGIAU YR WYTHNOS. | —- (GAN AWSTIN.) Yn ol yr arldewici, cychwynwn gyda jiodion ar dclarlitli Mr. Oakley Walters ar hanes Treforis. Wrth ddochreu dywedai y darlithydd y byddai anghen inyned yn ol i 1640 or mwyn rhoddi bancs a chyfrifon am yr achos fel y mae yn y Tabernacl yn bresenol. Dyleni, meddai, fod yn ddiolcbgar i'n tadau Ymneillduol am yr hyn a ddarfu iddynt wneyd i -kyrwyddo'r gwaith ac cstyn i lawr i ni ?an<? yr aches, o dan y i'ath anfanteision ag yr oeddynt hwy o danynt yn yr amser Juvnw. Y mae Dr. Rees wedi rhoddi hanes Colonel Phillip Jones fel Cristion, ac mai tua 23 mlwydd oed ,wedd Phillip Jonoe pan ddeclireuodd yr Aehos hwn yn Cilfwnwr. Yn y Hwyddyn J693 s.yiuudwyd yr aclios i Dirdwnkin, ac IV mae hanes mai yn Tirdwnkin y gwein- yddwyd Swper yr ArgJwydd a'r Cymun- deb cyntaf yn hanes yr achos gan Mr. Samuel Jones, c)n i Lewis Rees ddod ? Tirdwnkin o Llanbrynmair. Yn 1759 ja?th Mr. Lewis Ree? i gyd-weinidog- fletliu a Mr. Samuel Jones yn Tirdwnkin u Mynyddbach. Yn y fhvyddyn 1762 Fymudwyd, ac yr adeiladwyd capel cyntaf Mynyddbach. Yr oedd Mr. Lewis Rees /n gweinidogaethu yn Tycoch, Mynydd- bach. Cwmbath, Treforis, a'r Ysgetty. Yr oedd capel wedi ei adeiladu yn Ysgetty 12 mlynedd o flaen Libanus, l'reforis, gan Lewis Rees. Bernir fod yr aclios yn cael ei gynal yn Tycoch yn y ilwyddyn 1682, os nad cyn hyny, gan ael- odau Tirdwnkin, a byddai rhai o aelodau y Chwareli Bach, Castcllnedd, yn dyfod iIr cyfarfodydd hyn. Y rnae cofnodiad fod pobl Tycoch a'r Chwareli Bach yn. cyfarfod a'u gilydd mewn. ftermydd ar oclir Mynydd Prymnia, fel He canol i'r rldwy gvnulleidfa. Dywedir fod y bobl 3 pyfarfyddent yn Tyeoch yn rhai diarebol tm eu gwresogrwvdd crefyddol. Teimlid er's rhai blvnyddau fod Tycoch yn le lied anghyflens i gynal cyfarfodydd wedi Jjoblogaeth Treforis i luosogi, a bod nnghen am adeiladu ty cyfarfod, ond yr oedd Mr. Lewis Rees a phobl Mynydd- bach yn groes i hyny, rhag ofn y buftsai pobl Treforis, ar ol cael ty cyfarfod, yn pnneillduo o'r Mynyddbach ac yn myned yn eglwys annibynol Barnai pobl Mynyddbach mai diogi i ferdded a difaterwch crefyddol, ac nid flos ysbrydol eu ardal boblcg owd vn pari i bobl Tycoch awyddu am gael addoli yn Nhreforis. Pa both bynag, fe ilrefnodd Rhagluniaeth yn ei ainser i lobl Treforis gael yr hyn ddymunertt. I)aeth galwad i Mr. William Edwards, jjweinidog y Groeswen, ddyfod i aros etn tai miroedd yn yr ardaI, pan tt,dd yn Adeilad? Pont-y-Ffore6t. wrth .^edd yn fa 1782. Yr oedd Mr. Edwards yli wi- dylfm- iradol iawn yn mysg boneddwyr y wlad, I Ir gyfrif ei enwogrwydd fel adeiladydd ?ontydd, c yr oedd iddo barch mawr Jel$*egctLw gan !?wi? a?i adwaenai. t.lwyddodd Mr. Edwards i gael gan Nx. wis ees a'i bobl yn Mynyddbach ,r? dloni iddo ef adeiladu cape} yn Nhre- ?)ri9 yn gangen, a chyfarfyddent yn y Tycooii, ond gOMxhvvd amod yn y weith- red na fyddai cyfarfodydd i gael -oil cynal ynddo ar fore Sabboth, rhag tleihan cynulleidfa y Mynyddbach, ac na fyddent i fyned yn eglwys at eu penau eu liunain. Cytunodd y bobl a'r amodau taethion hyn, ac adeiladodd Mr. Edwards r capel. a chasglodd ddigon i ddwyn y draul yn mysg y boned digion yr oedd ef yn adnabyddus a hwy, a rhoddodd y )apel heb un geiniog o ddyled arno yn mrheg i'r gynulleidfa. Yr oedd Mr. Edwards niewn cysylltiad a Syr John jMorrLs, Cla«en>ont, yn cael ei edrych Brno YIl" wr galluog fol cynllunydd (architect). Efo ddarfu gynllunio Tre- foris allan fel ag y mae yn bresenol; yn gyntaf fel "town planning system," pob heol yn. scwar oddiwrth yr Eglwys. ac yn gyfochrog (parallel) a'r Eglwys. Cymorodii hyn le vn y flwyddyn 1782. Gan fod yr hanes mor ddiddorol, ac o bwys i'w ddilyn, rhaid gadael y rhan trail am wythnos yn mhellach, o her- ".ydd fod anghen cadw'r goloffi yn veddol rydd i ymdrin a materion cyffredinol. Ynglyn a Ghymdeithiw; Gymraeg y cseiwtn a Mynaahlog Nedd, caed anilieu- thyn noe Fa-wrtli diweddaf drwy ddarlith bÐDaigarnp ar y Cymro athrylithgar, utiiryddawii, ac enwog, y diweddar Rhys J\:ilsby JoiitS, gan y Parch. R. O. Evans, Sil<A, Caste!lnodd. Nid anghofia neb oedd yno y desgrifiadau byw, naturiol a Kafwyd o'r gwrthrych gan y darlithydd. Hocdd fel pe bae wedi ei ddonio yn ar- bennig i roi darlun eywir o t'tl yr adwaenid ef gan rai o'i wrandav.yr. Fhoddodd olwg arno fel prcgetliwr, fei lienor, fel gwleidyddwr, fel darlithiwr. cj fel dyn-mawr yuihob un o hcnynt. f Cyfeiriodd atcJ fel arwr-addolwr, ac at t. I-liratitliog fel prif wrthrych ei fdmygedd. Pan yn son am dano yn clarlithio ar Ddynion Wedi Oodi o Ptiim," dvwedai am ei ddeaguiliad o H, M. Stanley fel John Rowland aned.yn. nhlotv Dinbycli, a'r liwn ddaethai i'r bytl i beb ofyn caniatad all o'r gorcliymynion! I Hcfyd, am Dafydd Dafis Llandinam. fel neidiwr mawr," gan iddo rrti naid 0 i "lawr y pwll Jlifio, i lawr St. Stephail." Kid a'n anghof ar nob chwaith ei ddyn- wareiddiad o'r hen batriarch sytnl—Jones « Fi-nonb"dr-yn porthi'r moddion yn y gwasanaetli Seisneg yn nhre Caorfvrddin pvda'i "oi Wei" tnvstfawr ac oehneid- jol, wedi 1 Kilsby ei ddwyn'yno yn h;y o ddireidi diniwed na dim arall. he ar 01 cinio lawn, a'i otiod yn y sedd fawr, ac o ha un y buwyd tan orfod i'w arwain itilan ar ganol pregetli y gwr enwog o J.oogi Yn ddi-os, gwiedd ocdd y ddar- 1 n b-on. ar cvfranosi o honi yn fwyn- had — Daeth i law raglen Cymdeithas Cymro- dorioI1 Llanelli am .1918. oddiwrth yr ytgrifenydd, ill". J. Clement, 19. Stepney- place, a gwel y darllenydd fod cyfnod braf yn debyg o fod o flaen aelodau y cyrndsithas o ridechreu Ionawr i Ddydd Gwyl Dewi;—Ionawr 4, Athro W. H. Harries, M.A., B.Liit., Coleg Dewi Sant, Jjlanbedr, Twr Babel": Ionawr 11, Athro J. Lloyd Williams, D.Sc., Cokg y Brifyggol. Aberystwyth. Caneuon Gwerin Cymru Ionawr 18, Mr. Row- land Thomas, M.A.. Ysgol Gaiiolraddol Aberhonddu, Richard Price, yr Athron- ydd Ionawr 25, Athrawes Elkn Evans, B.A., Coleg Barri. Mae'r hen Gymraen I' yn marw a'r Beibl yn ei llaw"; Chwef. 1. Parch W. Ert>ns. B.A. (Wil Ifan). Oaerdydd, Dafrdd ap Gwilyni Chwc". 8. Mi-. M-) r(,ait Efc,3, Ysgo! J Ganr?raddol Lhu?U). Cyi'nod ('anwyH f Oynirv Oiwcf. 15. Mr. f. J Thomas, ■ B.Se. (Sarnicol), Merthyr. "Yshryd Y Celt"; Chwef. 22. Parch. T>. J. Daviefi. i B.A., Capel A Is, Llanelli; Mawrth 1, j Juathliad Gwyl Dewi.
LATEST WAR NEWS a- THURSDAY'S BRITISH OFFICIAL. France, Thursday, 10.5 am. Accounts of the fighting yesterday in the neighbourhood of Bulle- court show that two attacks were made by the enemy at dawn after heavy artillery prepara- tion. The first of these attacks was de- livered from the north against our positions on the Hindenburg Line immediately east of Bulle- court, and the other on a wider front from the east and north- east held by our trench line Rein- court—Lez—Cagincourt. Both these attempts were repulsed with heavy losses to the enemy. Shortly afterwards another attack was made on the latter front. Parties of the enemy penetrated our obliterated trenches on the apex of the angle in our line. A few Germans who reached our trenches were killed or taken prisoners. Local fighting continued all day until late in the evening in the small portion of the trench in which the enemy bad obtained a footing, without changing the position. A hostile raiding poirty was repulsed last night south-west of La Bassee. I We inflicted casualties on the enemy, and secured a few pri- soners as the result of patrol en- counters east. of Zonnebeke.
THURSDAY'S FRENCH OFFICIAL. There was moderate activity oy both artilleries on th& front generally. We repulsed an important surprise attack attempted by the enemy in the Courrieres Wood. Aviation.—From the 10th to the 13th inst, nine German machines were brought down by our pilots. During the same period our bomb- ing aeroplanes carried out various operations. Ten thousand kilos (10 tons) of projectiles were thwfi, notably on. the aviation p"bund fit Golmer, hasdt, a depot all Latelcbeb., the factories at Rounda.ch. the region of Wadalle, C hand ley, and Thau- court, and Warmeritfille, Auni- bille. Amague ánd Nucqiiy. Good c'sults were observed.
BRUGES DOCK AGAIN. I PRESS BUREAU, Thursday. ) The Admiralty announces:—On the night of December 11 & bombing raid was carried out on the Bruges Dock. Visi- bility was bad, with low-lying clouds. One of our machines is missing. The osual fighting patrols were carried out, and one enemy aircraft was driven down and was observed to crash.
WAR SUMMARY | FRIDAY. Enemy artillery Las shown increased activity on both banks of the River Scarpe. During last night infantry action on the Cambrai front was confined to patrol encounters, in which we secured some prisoners. The German delegates have declined to disc ops with Russia the proposed armis- tice on all fronts. They agree to an ar- mistice of 28 days, beginning on Dec- 10. Speaking of Lord Lansdowne's letter M. Clemenceau eays he is convinced that the writer made a mistake. What I want to do," says Clemenceau, "is to guarantee peace." SATURDAY. The Austrians are said to be releasing Russian prisoners. It is reported that they are furnishing them with funds and clothes and an abundance of paci- fi-st literature. A Petrograd telegram received in Paris states that Kaledin'6 Cossacks have been engaged in action with the Maxim- I alist garrison of Rostal. The Germans have warned Russian avia- tors distributing Maximalist proclama- tions that they will be shot if they are taken prisoners. Our line hat been improved north of Vacquerie.. Enemy artillery wafc active during the night in the neighbourhood of Fles- quieres and to the north of Menin Road. MONDAY. A lull has set in on the Cambrai front. Patrol encounters only took place over the week-end. Hostile raids near La Ba&see and Klein- zillebeke failed. British and French soldiers are now hold- ing positions in the Italian line. A areat Allied raid was carried out in occupied Italy by 150 aeroplanes. Russians again assisted in a successful operation in Mesopotamia. Some 227 prisoners were taken. The U.S. destroyer Jacob Jones has been torpedoed. Kaledin is at the head of a new revolu- tionary movement, aimed at the Bol- shevists, in Russia. TUESDAY. Our naval airensft ha vef carried out im- portant patrols and have routed 14 enemy 'planes. During a bombing raid made by the R.N. AS- on Varssenaere Aerodrome direct hits were reported, and bombs were observed to drop close to and along the eheds of the aerodrome. General Allenby passes into Jerusalem to-day, and a proclamation is being made to the people. A Spanish 6teamea: belonging to Bilbao lifts been fired on by a submarine off Cape Finnieterre. Crippled though she was she limped into port. There has been unusual artillery and ftfcriel activity on the British front, particularly in the sector south of the River Scarpe and north of the River Lys. The Germans apear to be on the verge of making a supreme effort. WEDNESDAY. Everything points tQ the intention of the Germans to launch a terrific blow against the Allies, counting for eucces6 on the reinforcements brought from the Russian front. Rumania has signed an Armistice with the enemy, ItoattJjtties being suspended at 10.20 pA tJat 9th until further notice The Portuguese President war, arrested at the Presidential Palace on Wednesday morning. A Tientsin message states that serious disturbances have occurred at Harbin between the extremist pro-Germans and the Allied nationals. I Troops were tele- graphed for to protect the Allied nationals. An Austrian battleship has been torpe- doed and sunk in Trieste. British troops carried out a successful r4id last night in the neighbourhood of Pontruct, north-west of St. Quentin. THURSDAY. Two attacks were made by the enemy at dawn yesterday in the neighbourhood of Bullecourt, after heavy artillery pre- paration. Both were repulsed with heavy losses. Shortly afterwards another attack vas made, parties of the enemy penetrating our obliterated tranches on the apex of the angle in our line. A few Germans who reached our trenches were killed or taken prisoners. A hostile raiding party has been repulsed by us south-west of La Bassee. The Government have promised an in- quiry into rumours concerning the operations in the Cambrai district. The Admiralty announces another raid by our Naval airmen on Bruges Dock. One of our machines is missing. Korniloff has gained a victory over the Bolshevists. I
u PACIFIS-M- IN WALES. I Mr. Clement, Edwards on Wednesday asKed" the Home Secretary by yriv ite notice, in view of the answer returned by the Attorney-General to Mr. Ander- son's qnefition6 yesterday, whether any formal information as to alleged illegali- ties connected with the propagation of Syndicalist and Pacifist doctrines in South Wales has been laid before the competent military authorities, and I whether these statements are being in- vestigated. Sir George Cave replied: 1 understand that information of the character de- scribed has been laid by my hon. and learned friend before the proper mili- tary authority and is -being investigated.
HALIFAX HORROR. HALIFAX, Thursday. It is officially announced that the great dlisaster has caused the deaths of 1,226 people, of whom 701 have been identified. Four hundred persons are mrssing.— Reuter. NEW YORK, Thursday. A telegram from Halifax, Nova Scotia, says the funeral of the victims so far re- covered from the debris will take place to-morrow (Friday). Hundreds will be buried alongside those who were lost in the Titanic" and "Bungoyne" die- asters. The relief workers estimate that 500 people have been blinded by the ex- plosion. The Imperial Government has granted £ 1,000,000 to the relief of Halifax.
The funeral of the late Miss' Beatrice Margaret. Davies, B.A.. head mistress of Danygraig Council Girts' School, took place on Wednesday afternoon, leaving the residence, 22. Brynymor-cifcscent, 'wan&ea. for Mumbles Cemetery, where the interment took place in the family vault. The funeral, which was private, was attended by the rolativee and friends of. I-he deceased- V.
FATHER AND SOtl t?omston Charge Goes to the Assizes. I Assizes. After a hearing which lasted the whole >t the day, David James (14), ?scrdb?d as minister of the Gospel, of Vicarage-road, [orriston, and his eon, Geo. James (18), < Meistrmawr Farm, Velindrewe,.i-e on Wednesday at Swansea committed for tnial i t the next Assizes on a charge of stealing nine sheep, valued at 221, the property of five farmers. Mr. Henry Thompson prosecuted, and Sir. Edward Harries de- fended. According to the prosecution, aheep had been missed by various farmMte for some time past, and;.sheep skins lire found at liie Meistr Mpr Farm and at the elder defendant's residence, and these were k.ttetwards ideiifified by farmers as the &kin,s of their tjieep. For the defence Mr. Harries contended that b evidence against the elder defen- dant was not sruffkicnt to justify him being sent for trial. All the evidence was that the skins were found in his house, and that his son had said he was present when the killiing took place. As to the allegation dthEl police that the elder defendant had lun across the fields when the p-brice were, after him, Mr. Harries maintained that the evidence of the police indicated they could not have seen it, and he suggested it was a dramatic touch to the case put on by the police. It would be unfair to Mr. James and to his position as a minister that he should be put on trial on snjch f,lender •fMenoe. At the proper time he would be prepared, if necessary, to give a very satisfactory explanation of how the ,>king came to his house. As far as the younger defendant was concerned, he ad- mitted that the case would have to go for trial. The defendants were formally charged, and said they were "quite innocent.' As stated, they were commited for trial. bail being allowed.
MESSAGE FROM A "TANK." A telegram from the lank was re- ceived at the Neath Rural District Coun- cil on Wednesday inviting subscriptions. The Council decided with regret that they had no power to subscribe from the rates.
BURGLEDTN INN. "I At Swansea on Friday, Wm. Stone, lab- ourer, was sent to prison for one month on L,, charge of breaking and entering the Bridge Inn, St. Thomas. and stealing a basket, pair of boots, and a silver brooch, j valne ?2, belonging to Jane Sophia Phillips, on November 29th. j
GOLD FROM MOSCOW. I TIENTSIN, Wednesday. (Received Thursday). Chinese reinforcements have arrived at H&rbin. The situation is better. Recent arrivals from Russia have been a-rrcsted carrying gold ingots -,allege(I to HAT-0 bten. *tolea» from the Moscow Trea- sury Reser^^Ht—Exchange Special.
DEATH OF MR. H. STONE. The death took place at his residence, j Ludworth House, Neath, on Thursday morning, of Mr. H. Stone, wine and spirit merchant, of Neath and Swansea The deceased gentleman, who was 74 years of age, had a serious illness about two years ago, and eince that time he had lived in retirement. The business is now being carried on by his two sons, Captain L. Russel Stone ) and Mr. Wallace Stone.
DEATH OF MISS OLIVE HOWELLS. 1, We regret to announce the death, which took plaœ suddenly on Thursday morn- j ing, at the residence of her motber. 13. Ileathfield-street, Swansea, of Miss Olive E. Howell, youngest daughter of the late Mr. Wm. Howell, a former president of the Swansea Chamber of Commerce. Miss Howell, who had matriculated at 1 he Welsh University, was assistant mis- tress at St. Hpli'n'.< School, and was secretary of the local branch of the Un- certificated Teachers' Asocial ion. She had been at St Helen's for ten .year" Miss Howell was taken ill on Tuesday j vith gastritis j ,itli ga,
SWANSEA BUTTER FINES. In our report of the Swansea Butter Fines n Tuooday, we stated that Mr. W. F". Chappell was fined £ 20 for a breech of the Butter Prices Order, and that a profit of 38s. per ewt. was made. This is in- .c.rxmt, the fact being-that it was con- tended that 38s. over the .maximum al- lowed was charged.
SKEWEN ATHLETE'S DEATH. Official news has been received by Mrs. Sims, 5, Lonlas-avenue, Skewen, that her husband, Pte. David J. Sims, Royal Welsh Fusiliers, was killed in action in Egypt. He was 28 years of age, and was the son of Mr. and Mrs. David Sims, Tintert. House, Llansamlet, being weJl-knwn locally ws a powerful athlete. Prior to joining he wa,s employed at the Melrn Galvanising Works, Neath.
NO CHOIR SUPPERS. Mr. Charles G. Gilbertson, of Gelty- gron, Pontardawe, recently wrote to the Ministry of Food asking for the guidance of the Food Controller as to whether it would be contrary to his wishes if he en- tertained the church choir and officials to a supper at Christmas time. The re- ply was to the effect that the Controller wished to discourage as far as possible children's treats, parish teas, banquets, etc. The only form of entertainment the Controller considered permissible was reasonable hospitality for the wounded.
MORRISTON SPORTSMAN'S DEATH. The death occurred on Wednesday of Mr. icbrd Jenkins, son o? the late Mr. Thomas Jenkins, Heolgerrig. Trebooth. and Miss Ann Jenkins, of Woodfield- street. Morriston. The deceased, ^ho was 30 years of age, was discharged irona the Army on account of ill-healtji. He was a member of the Mynyddbach and Swan- sea Gas Works A.F.C., and the Morriston and Mynyddbach Cricket Clubs, being secretary of the latter. He was,a brother of Mr. T. Aubrey Jenkins. Woodfield- street, Morriston. James Malner, a shepherd, found dead in a field near Driffield on Thusday morning, had F5 Lt notes in tin boma concealed ia his Nothing.. »i •»