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Eil,DION AR BYNGIAU YR WYTHHOS. (Gan "AWSTiN.") Y cenhodloedd bychain ydoodd prif! destyn Mn. Lloyd George yn oi araith, yn frghuerdydd, ctd Gwener, a bydd yr hyn a ddywedodd yn sicr o grythau asgwrn oein Belgium a Rumania, yn ogyetal a'i wlad fechan ei hull, obiegid y mao geiriau y Gweinidog Prydeinig yn caei cu tiarllen a'u gwylio, erbyn iiyn, gaii liueaoriaid gwledycki y byd. I mi yr oedd cyfarfod mawr Caerdydd I iii yr oedd c a yn dwyn adgofion difyr a digrif am ddau arwr y dydd—Mr. Lloyd George a D. A. fel y byddcm yn arfer galw Arglwydd Rhondda, ac yr oedd cyd- gordiad amcanion a geiriau a gweithred- oedd y ddau yn nathliad y diorchuddio a'r cyflwyno yn dealwng o wroniaid ydynt wedi profi eu galluoodd a'u gwladgarwcli tanbaid ger bron gwledydd cred ac wedi argraffu eu henwau yn annileadwy ar hancs y byd gv/areiddiedig. Am hyny gallaf, heb achosi tramgwydd na gwg, nac ofni cael fy nanfoll ar bererindod blin drwy gynff on sarff droellog y beirdd, adrodd stori tach am i gwrdd gynhaliwyd yn Biaonllechau flwyddi maith yn ol, pan oedd Mr. Lloyd George yn troi Cymru yn wyneb i waered yn ei ymdreeh i godi'r hen wlad yn ei hoi," a gyru'r hen wlad yn ei blaan." lei y cofia rhai, byddai Mr. Lloyd George yn fynyelh yn cyehwyn cymdeithasau fwloidyddol, ac wedi i'r rhai hyny ateb eu pwrpas, yn newid ei gynllun a fthychwyn cymdeithas arell. Nid oes anghen nodi manyiion y cym- deithasau a'u cynlluniau yn awr, bran fod i ein gwlad a'n oenedl wcdi dyfod drwy'r pair yn hoew, a chan fod y gwroniaid a anveinient y pryd hwnw yn parhau ar y blaen. Ar beD y mur yr oedclynt yr adeg hono. Prif hyrwyddwyr gorchwylion pleidwjr rhyddid yn rhyfel fawr y byd ydynt heddyw. Ond mewn cysylltiad a Chynghrair iRhyddfrydol Deheudir Cymru y bu y tipyn difyrwch oeddwn am gyfeirio ato. Wedi gwneyd rhai cyfnewidiadau, ponder-1 fynodd Mr. Lloyd George a'i gyfeillion nno De a Gogledd mewn un gymdeith-as fawr, yn lie dwy, fel yr ooddynt y pryd hwnw--Cymdeithae y Do a Chymdeithas y Gogledd-,ond D. A/' oedd llywydd Cynghrair y De, ac ni chytunai a'r cyf- nowidiad. Yn Blaenllechau, yr oedd Mr. Lloyd George mewn hwyl Gymreig, yn ei ara-ith hyawdl, a philll ddaeth at bwnc y. Cynghrair Rhyddfrydol, trodd i barablu ar ddull un o hen bregethwyr Cymru Fu. Adroddodd-^etori am hen wr fyddai un ameer yn byw mewn bwthyn yn ughanol y wlad. Bwthyn bach to gwellt ydoedd, mcddai. BwtJiyn oedd wedi bod yn un prydferth a '(!?ysurug a defnyddiol, un tunf?r. O?d yr oedd ?wynt.?? g?ua.foi < » g?lawogydd trymion w?di en'ei'?lio arno fel nad oedd y to yn ddiddos na'r muriau yn sychion. Eto i gyd cist?ddai ir hen wr yn ei gadair wellt wrth ochr y tan bychan, heb yRtyrioxi dim am y cyf- aewtdiada u oeddynt wedi cymeryd lie. Ai cyfeillion ato, a gofynent iddo ddyfod oddiyno rhag i'r to ddod ar ei ben, ac ysgydwent ei gadair yn garedig i dynu ei 6;ylw. ond yr unig atehiad a gaent ocdd: Gadewch fi'n llonydd yn fy rtghadair." A phan ddr.othai eorwynt lieibio a droai'r m wg, a phan ddacthai diferion g'.vlaw drwy nen y ty. byddid yn rlyhlu'r ymdrech i gaol Dafydd i lo mwy c.f;t,.Idas. Gadewcli fi yn llonydd, a j pheidiwch cyffwrdd fy ngliadair," dd, gor( hymjm pendant yr hen wr. Ond, I Ilafydd," meddai un, tyn y storm y ty am eich pen, ac fe ddinystrir chwi t'cli c.adair A.'r unig ifordd y gcHid achub bywyd yr hen wr&n gwledig, meddai Mr. Lloyd Gforgf. oedd ei gario ei a'i gadair allan o'r bwthyn a'i roddi inewn?, ty newydd oedd wedi cael ei adeiladn yn ystod haf; a thrwy hyny yr oedd cyf- J eillion yn benderfynrd, er eifc waethaf ef ei hun, o achub Dafydd Tom-os. an dfleallodd y gynalleidfa nini 1, D. A." oedd yr hen wr yn y gadai r wellt-a cliofier, nid oedd Mr. Lloyd George wcdi enwi n-el) hyd adiwedd y siori-chwarddodd glowyr Bla/enllechau a Glynrhedynen mor iachue ag uixrliyw dorf wyf wedi glyayed yn ^-st.od fy iigor- 1 chwylion gohebol. A phan yn meddwl am gyfarfod Caerdydd, ac yn taflu cipdrem dros flwyddi tu, am hadgofion o'r ddeu- ddyn enwog, teimlais mai gwell fyddai rhcddi i ddarllenwyr y golofn Gymraeg hon fynegiad byr o araith ddifyr Mr. JJoyd George ar yr h-en wr yn ei gadair vellt, Prynu ychwaneg o weithfevdd glo y roae Arglw-ydd Rhondda o hyd. Prin y Diae y newydd am Gwaun-cae-Gurwen wedi ei glywed yn ddiaspedain, fol sain carreg ab," o fryn i fro yn ardaloedd )1 y glo carrog, cyn bod eon eto am bryniad yr International. Barnai rhad mai nid yn unig cymeryd gafael yn y pyllau er mwyn y glo a'r drafnidiaeth uniongyrehol y mao D. AM" ond ei fod yn parotoi ar gyfer y dydd agos pan fydd y Llvwodraeth yn j cvmeryd meddiant o fasaach lo Deheudir j Cymru. Pwy a wyr? Dipyn yn rhy gynar yw i mi roddi) manylion am symudiad Cynghrair yr ¡ EglwYBi Rhyddicn Cymrg, yn Al>ertawe, i WI, os oes modd, y Bedyddwyr i mewn i'r cykh. Y mae mudiad pwysig ar droed yr vythnos bon. neb fanylu, gs?l?f eibrvd ?nei pwnc y cymundeb ydyVr maen tramgwydd hyd yn hyn. Gall y Bedydd- wyr oil gytnno a chydweithio a chymun- wyr rhydd,? 06 na Lvdd cwrdd cymundeb yn cael ei gynhal gan y cynghrair, ar wahan i'r eglwysi. Mater teuluol ym nxhlith brawdoliaeth yr Eglwyai Rhyddion ydyw peth fel hyn, a gadawer iddynt benderfynu beth a wnant heb i mi gyhoeddi, o ben y mur, ddirgelion di- ø.ngen am yr ymddiddanion parotoawi. Ac yn olaf, gan mai wytknoe frysiog ydyw hon wedi bod, ac i fod, i mi, rhaid dweyd gair am y glowyr. Yn nghynadledd Ca.erdydd, dydd Llun, pasiwyd pender- fyniadau pwysig ar bwnc pris uchel bwyd- ydd (yn galw am gymhorth y I/lywod- raeth i reoleiddio masnach); ar gweetiwn y dreth ar gyflojau (yn galw ar Gynghrair y MwnwyT i hawlio diddymiad y dreth, ac yn y cyfamser godi'r safon i £ 160); ac, yn olaf, ar se-fyilfa cyflogati'r glowyr (yn [hawlio 15 y cant o godiad), ac yn gofyn am ymyrioo y LlywodraetJi i unioni j eyfundrefn y Bwrdd Cymodi. Dywedid i fod prie y glo wedi codi allan o bob cyfer- byroad i godiad y cyflogau, a chan fod y jrweithwvr dan anfpntais neillduol ar I fater y eodiad tybiedig yn y U cost of pro- j duction (ys dywed hyd yn nod Cymry, pan yn son am fusnes y glo), y mM y Besfyllfa yn un wbr-a Uawor mwy felly yn herwydd uchel hriaoedd pob math o j amborth..
LATEST WAR NEWS 1 NEW GAINS ON SOMME. THURSDAY'S BRITISH OFFICIAL, 1 Heavy rain continued to fall duriiig:, the night. There is nothing special to report. ————— THURSDAY'S FRENCH OFFICIAL. To the north of the Somme, in spite of persistent bad weather, we I followed up, during the night our advance between Les Boeufs and Saliiy Saillisel. Our troops have consolidated the ground captured, and have carried several points of support, and smashed up machine-guns em-! placements. In the course of these operations we took 186 prisoners, including eight: officers, which brings up to 586! the number of prisoners taken by! us in this sector since yesterday. On the right bank of the Meuse the; night relatively calm. There I is nothing to report on the rest of the front. ARMY OF THE EAST. From the Struma t-o the Vardar there is nothing to report except rather lively cannonading, notably in the sector of Lake Doiran. In the region of the Cerna the Serb- ian troops have repulsed several Bulgarian counter-attacks, and made considerable progress, de. spite a lively resistance by thei enemy, who sustained appreciable looses and left some prisoners in the hands of our Allies. On our left wing there was great activity by the artillery of both sides. AVIATION. Despite the misty weather and gales which have prevailed on the greater part of our front, our! scouting machines have shown groat ic-tivity during yesterday. On the Somme front Adjutant Bar-! aston brought down his seventh; enemy machine near Moulains. One of our three-seater aero- planes on the same day brought down two German aeroplanes, of; which one fell on the aerodrome at Metz, and the other at Mont- St.-Quentin in the region of Ver- dun. A German aeroplane was hrought I (d(,n- in the region of Moguemen- j ville-en-Woevre by Adjt. kSagaret. This is the sixth machine brought i down by this pilot. j One of our a.ir squadrons attacked with their machine-guns an, enemy infantry column towards Azannes, and some trains near Oouplars and Margierres. ) Lastly, in Alsace, one of our pilots 'attacked German machines, and brought down one of them, which crashed to the earth near Alt- kirch.
THURSDAY'S BilITISH SALONIKA OFFICIAL. Doiran Front.—The artillery has been active on both sides. Janes I station was bombed yesterday by. hostile aircraft, bmi no damage was done. Struma Front.—The new position at Barakli Barna ha? been con- solidated. Our artillery, in co-operation withj the Navy, bombarded the hostile position of Hori on October 31st.
'—————- 01 —————— THURSDAY'S SERBIAN OFFICIAL. I On Oct. olst, we repulsed an enemy attack in the region ill Bud,imirei Village. On the right bank of the Cerna Reka the artillery was active. We advanced a little, and took some enemy trenches. For some days now the village of Grdilovo has been in the hands of the French. )
SIR D. HAIG'S REVIEW. Press Bureau. Wednesday, 10.20 pm.- The following telegraphic tnspatch, dated November 1st, H? p.m., ha.s b?n received from General Headquarters in .France:-I Since the summary of October l?th, which brought the 4owuntut eve&s in the Somme battlefield down to the second week in October, the weather has been for the most part unfavourable to operations on any extended scale. Heavy rain has fallen almost every day, and the chalk soil of the u nlandbetween the Ancre and So mm a has become a wilderness of mud. Such conditions hamper military operations Ivery seriously, but, nevetheless, during the paat fortnight we have made progress and have advanced our front towaioc, WI;) Butte de Warlenoourt and in the neig-h- bourhood of Guaudeoourt and Lesboeufs. From October 20ili to October 23rd the weather was dry and fine with strong easterly wind6 We took advantage of this change to deliver in the area between Schwaben Redoubt and Le Bars a very successful local attack. The Schwaben Redoubt, on the highest part of the ridge due north of Thiepval, had been, with the exception of the north-east corner, in our hands since September 28th. From it trenches called The Stuff and Reginu run due east for some 5,000 yards to a point about 1,200 yards north-east of Courceiette These trenches were defended by the enemy with great tenacity. A captured German regimental order, dated October 20th, emphasises the neces- sity of regaining Schwaben Redoubt, which was the pivot of the position. The naom are to be informed by their immediate superiors that this attack ir, -not merely a matter of retaking a trench be- cause it was formerly in German posses- sion, but that the recapture of an ex- tremsly important point is involved." Siikia his Lose of the main position of ScJiwaber. Redoubt the enemy had de- livered between September 30th and Octo- ber 20th eleven counter-attacks on our front in that neighbourbod. In every case he wat, repulsed, often with heavy losses. Early on the morning of Saturctay-Ueto- ber 21,st-lie attacked Schwaben Redoubt in considerable strength as already reported. This counter-attack came opportunely for us. We replied by an attack delivered shortly after noon against all the length of Rcgina Trench. This attack was com- pletely successful. We took the whole of the Regina and Stuff Redoubts, and pushed our advanced posts well to the north and north-east of Schwaben Redoubt, taking in the course of the operation nearly 1,100 prisoners. The Canadians and the troops of the Ne-vv Army who conducted the operations de- served great credit for a signal and most economical victory. During the period under review we car- ried out many raids on enemy trenches from which useful results have been obtained. Towards the end of the month enemy artillery became more active and enemy aeroplanes were more in evidence. This increased activity has been satisfactorily clcv, it with by our own guns and aircraft. The captures during the fortnight have brought the total prisoners taken in the Somme battlefield up to 31,132.
SUCCESS ON STRUMA. Press Bureau, Wednesday, 5 p.m.The War OfIiœ announces:— On the Struma front, in spite of heavy rain, we capturc-d Barakli Djuiua by a smartly executed attack after a pre- liminary bombardment. Three hundred prisoners were taken. Our own losses are light, Further south the enemy has been driven from the villages of Prosenik and Kumli, which are occupied by our troops, who also took 14 prisoners. [Onr patrols had previously entered Prosenik-the main station between Serea and Demirhissar. The village is on the eastern side of the railway. Kumli, on; the west of the line, is nearly two miles north-west of Pro.enik, and three miles south-west of Barakli Djuma.]
BRITISH CASUALTIES. ]• olio wing are details of the losses given under tne principal .hendinsK in the casu- alty lists issued by the War Office from October 1 to October 31. The list includes casualties reported from all points at which our armies are engaged. N.C.O/s & i Officers. men. Killed 820 14102 Died of Wounds 281 4-913 Died 40 797 Accidentally Killed 9 53 2923 756S0 Wounded and Missing 10 324 Missing, Believed Killed 46 9* j Missing, Relieved Wounded 10 7 Missing 229 :-t1.1 Prisoners of War. 3 218 Prisoners Repatriated 55 Prisoners Exchanged 27 From these must be deducted the follow- ing :— First reported killed, wounded or missing; 11 fterward s reported not killed, wounded or missing 35 369 This leaves the totals ns follow: Officers 4,:)f)(j Men 102.340 The figures for July. August and Sep- tember respectively were: Om('r6 7,071 Men 52,001 Cfi!cp'rs. 4,693 rn ?3.097 Officers 5,403 Men 113.789 ^The full list includes a. number of modi- fications of casualties previously reported. The above figures must, therefore, be taken a.' approximate, although the totals are not affected by the modifications referred to. From the Admiralty during the period have been issued lists of casualties sus- tained by officers and men, of which the total number is 415.
THE DEUTSCHLAND. New London, Connecticut, Wednesday. —The German merchant submarine Deutsehland arrived here to-day.— Renter. The commander states that the sub-. marine was forced to put back to Bremen for repairs on account of the collision. The cargo consisted mainly of chemical products. j
CROWN PRINCE IN TEARS. It is reported from Berlin, on good authority, that the German Crown Prince is literally furious over the disas- trous set-back suffered by his troops be- fore Vorduri-lac-t week, and that lie has demanded of the General Staff the im- mediate return of the divisions which were taken from him in order to partici- pate in the offensive agai-n-t. Rumania and for the of Monastir. It is stated that the Crown Prince aptually wept when lie heard the news of the serious reverses at Ve.rd«n—he him- self was in Berlin at the time—and that he vowed a vow not only to reconquer all the lost ground, but also to take Verdun itself, or die in the attempt.
DOG AT MASTER'S FUNERAL. The body of a lieutenant of the R.-N.& and that of another man who were killed in the Channel figirt were taken to their homes by rail on Tuesday, the officer's body being taken to Carlisle. The coffins, conveyed on an Army Service Corps wagon to the station, were followed by 200 ofifcers and men of the R.N .R. A pathetic iacident was that the lieutenant's dog, which was on board during the fig:ht, came up with the crew and followed the ooriege.
WELSH CROPS. A prelinMrwary statement showing the estimated total produce and yield per acre of the corn, pulse and hay crops in Wales in 1916, waih comparisons for 1915 has been published, as follows:- 1916.—Wheat, 177,641 quarters; barley, 331,047 quarters; oats, 998,175 quarters; beans, 3,54.2 quarters; peas, 1,091 quarters; seeds hay, 251,691 tons; meadow hay, 613,666 tons. 1915.- Wheat, 171,472 quarters; barley, 298,898 quarters; oats, 885,211 quarters; beane, 3,501 quarters; peas, 960 quoiters; seeds haj, 207,488 teas; meadow hay, 491.897 tons.
WAR SUMMARY I FRIDAY. I This morning's British official speaks of heavy rain during the night. On the front, south of the Ancre, hostile artil- lery was again active. At one point we successfully raided enemy trenches. In the Russian communique reference is made to A German attack on an ad- vanced poet, in the course of which the enemy occupied the western part of the River Shara, in the region of Goooo- vitclli. The Russians retired to the eastern bank. The Rumanians, after a short offensive, captured a village. At another point they have arrested the enemy's offensive and are consolidating their positions. In the Dobrudja enemy attacks continue along the whole front. The Rumanians are ofxering a stubborn resistance. There has beeji fierce fighting at Verdun and the enmy's losses have been on a huge scale. SATURDAY. Ten German destroyers made a vain effort to raid British cross-channel; transports. The enemy lost two de-j stroyers, and sank one destroyer, dis- abled a second, and sank an empty transport. Attested men of 41 are to be drafted to the reserve. Mr. Lloyd George says the greatest service South Wales could render to win the war was to produce more coal. lkiIlforcd by troops from the Danube, the enemy forces before Monastir are making a stand. Bulgarians in the Dobrudja are unlikely to advance much farther, as they might find themselves in a cul de sac. Russo-Rumanian outposts have aban-1 doncd two heights near Dorna Vatra, in the face of the fierce attacks. A great new Russian offensive is said to be developing in Galicia and Poland, Serbian forces yesterday captured several; trenches, 74 Bulgarians, and a machine, gun. MONDA Y. The British troops on the Somme have won ground beyond Les Boeufs. To-' day's report deals with successful trench1 raids. IA transport bound for Salonika with 300 i Greek volunteers, was torpedoed, and 50 j men were drowned. Norway is incensed at the torpedoing ofj j her merchant skills, and a crisis is said to be imminent. Greece has mad? further concessions in reply to the Allies' demands, and forceB I have been withdrawn to the south. A startling allegation lias been made by j an American Senator to the effect that: President Wilson added a postscript to I the second Lusitania note to Germany j to the effect that the notes were not to j be taken too seriously. J It -is reported that an Italian destroyer | si f u-ck --illijii/d I iJy a'tTerman cub- marine and blew up. part of her wreck- age destroying the submarine. The Rumanian forces in Transylvania have Scored an excellent success. In all they have ta ken over 2,000 prisoners in recent engagements. It is reported from Salonika that at Guida Greek infantry proceeding to Salonika to join the National army were attacked by Greek troops who had re- mained loyal to the Athens Government. Shots were exchanged, and several men were wounded. The infantry men cut their way through. TUESDAY. To-day's British official soys that except- ing for intermittent shelling on both ci(iC4s nothing of consequence happened during the night. There have been passionate outbursts in the Reichstag during a debate on mili- tary arrest. Herr Dittmann, a Socialist, said that with the introduction of military arrest a reign of terror has been ostablislved. They were, he said, living through orgies of baseness and villainy. The Rueso-Serbo-Rumanian forces in the Dobrudja have assumed the offensive. So says a Press Association War Special, which, though unofficial, is well in accord with the latest official reports from Bucharest. The Donaldson liner Marina, which has been sunk, and which is supposed to have been torpedoed, had 35# Americans on board. WEDNESDAY. The British official attitude towards the Athens and Salonika Governments of Greece has been defined. British casualties reported in October are approximately about 106,700. The num- bered killed or died is about 20,000. In the House of Commons last nighty it was stated that we lost six drift net boats, in addition to the previously ad- mitted losses. A Bucharest telegram via Rome says the Rumanian troops hai,4 again crossed the frontier, and have annihilated four enemy battalions. The Athens Government has protested to Germany regarding the sinking of the Angelika. I Up to date 3,999 British civilians have I been killed, drowned, or died from ex- posure due to enemy acts. THURSDAY. Considerable progress north of the Somme is reported by the French. North-east of Les Boeufs two trenches and 125 pris- oners were taken. The British assisted in the enterprise. In connection with the Schwaben Re- doubt victory of 21st October, Sir Doug- las Haig, reviewing the position, pays! tribute to the Canadians and the men of the New Amy for a signal and most economical victory. Our prisoners on the Somme since I" July total 31,132. The position in Rumania is held to be not unfavourable, even though the latest German claims should prove well- founded. Those engaged in the coal by-product in- dustry have to make a declaration re- garding their operations to the Ministry of Munitions. British aviators in Mesopotamia have done excellent work against enemy cav- alry detachments. Athens is indignant over a further U boat outrage.
I FOR NEATH WAR HOSPITAL. I At a meeting of the Neath Board of Guardians the Clerk (Mr. Edward Powell), announced that a further contri- bution of £2,000 had been received from the War Office JIB a contribution to the i Neath War Hospital.
IN PARLIAMENT .1 ————— ￼ HOUSE OF COMMONS, Thursday. '.Mr. T. Russell, answering Captain Donelan, said owing to the wcpnt bad weather, much of the .potato crop in Ire- land remained underground. It was esti- mated that the crop would be about two- thirds normal, or perhaps a little The Irish Agriculture Department tw. lieved the danger of a shortage was not so serious as was apprehended by the hen. member. All necessary steps in the matter would be taken by the Department. Mr. Runciman said the farmers were un- reasonably holding potatoes from the market. The Government would exercise the powers they possessed. Mr. Outhwa.ite asked the Under Secre- tary for Foreign A:ffajg whether he could "tate on what cbs of work the Chin being recruited by the French Govern- ment for empk>'yent in France are to be engaged. Lord Robert Cecil said the question was. not one upon which he could make any statement. (Hear, lwan. Mr. Outhwaite endeavoured to put a supplementary question, but was shouted down. Afr. Lloyd Georrre said men in category B3 would certainly be called up, but he could give no details.
COMMISSION CLAIM. The hearing was concluded in the King's Bench on Thursday of the action brought by Mr. Eugene Dapino, Italian engineer, against Mr. Herbert Willett and the Rev. C. J. Sharp, executors under the will of the late Mr. William Willett, the well known builder and Daylight Saving Scheme promoter. The action sought to recover from the defendants commission on contracts for the building of Army huts. Plaintiff alleged that defendants i promised to pay him commission unde-r agreement between him and Mr. Herbert Willett. Defendants denied this, and also denied they obtained work on the intro- du-ction of Mr. Daino.. The jury found Mr. Herbert Will-ett had no authority to contract on behalf of Mr. William Willett, that the latter should: pay commission in respect of work done for the War Office. TheV also found Mr. Herbert Willett did not enter into such contract. His lordship entered judgment for de- fendants with costs.
MILITARY CROSS HERO. At the Bu?h Hotel, Swansea, on Wed- nesday evening, LieuL J. G. Abraham. of the Welpli Regiment, who recently won the Military Cross, was presented by his friends in the butchering trade with a gold watch, suitably inscribed, to mark their sense of appreciation of the way he had distingnished himself. Appreciative speeches were made by Mr. Jas. Webbern (chairman), the Mavor (Alderman T. M^rdl-), Mr. W. J. CwWr, Mr. A; n, Davies, and others. The Mayor expressed the opinion that in the caee of men who distinguished themselves like Lieutenant A braham, the townspeople should honour them in a speaial way, and suggested a gold medal, suitably inscribed, hearing, the Borough coat of arms, would be an appropriate form.
YSTRADGYNLAS3 TRAGEDY. On Wednesday night a shocking acci- dent occurred at GVmgiedd, Ystradgyn- lais, resulting in the death of Mrs. Margaret Thomas, wife of Mr. Jenkin Thomas, a well-known grocer, and secre- tary of the Tstradgvnlais Horse Show. About 8 o'clock, James Thomas, 16 years of age, the son of Mrs. Thomas, was playing with a gun at his home when it accidentally went off, and the charge caught his mother in the h, causing frightful injuries to the neck and face. The young man had no idea that the gun was loaded. Dr. Walsh was immediately sent for, hut nothing could be done for Mrs. Thomas, and she died in about 15 minutes.
WEST WALES SENSATION. j A sensational incident occurred at Llanybvther. Two police ofifcers, Police^ constables Evans and James, proceeded to a farm called Tanyrallt to arrest sn al- leged Army absentee, named Daniel Thomas, who is the male hand on the farm. As Thomas had not fini prfied feed- ing the stock the constables assisted him, and later allowed him to go upstaifs to change his clothing. After Thomas had entered bis bedroom he locked the door, and a few minutes later the constables heard the report of a gun. On" entering the room they found Thomas suffering from a gunshot. He lies in a precarious state.
i — INSTANTLY KILLED. Ystradgynlais Youth's Shocking Death. On Wednesday, Robert Kinley Flynn, 16 years of age, son of Mr. Flynn, steward of the Ystradgynlais Conserva- tive Club, was knocked down by a pas- senger train near Ystradgynlais station and instantly killed. He was an assistant fittor with llr. Evans, The Foundry, and had been doing some work act the Tawe Clay Works Rhortly before the accident.
DISEASE IN POTATOES. I Slow progress is being made with the lifting of the potato crop. The wet wea- ther and the scarcity of labour are greatly. retarding the work. The mere interrup- tion of the task, urgent as it is in an economic senee, is not so serious as the resulting, slirinkage and depreciation of the produce. A late harvest is not of necessity a bad one, but the delay is un-; fortunate this season, for disease is! spreading with disquieting rapidity. j
MR. GINNEL GOES TO GAOL. Mr. Laurence Ginnell. M.P. for West Meath, was arrested on Wednesday at his house in Queen's-road, Richmond, having refused to pay the fine of X50 imposed by the Bow-street stipendiary for an offence against the Defence of the Realm Regula- tions. Mr. Gimjell was conveyed to Penton- ville, where he will serve three weeks in the first division
GLAMORGAN MAGISTRACY. I Mr. J. Hugh Edwards, M.P.. had a I personal interview on Wednesday with I the I<ord Chancellor on' matters relating to the Advisory Committee and the Glamor- I ganshire matistracy.
STEELSMELTERS LEADER Ma TOM GSIFfiTHS AS PiJOSPEuTiVE fimmmi \jmMi (By Our Mining Correspondent) The miners of North Monmouthshire, vrho had selected Mr. Jamas Wmstone as their prespective candidate, are now taking steps to secure somcone else, be- caiioi' Mr. Winstone is regarded as the (iwiuidate for a future contest in the -Witiiyr Boroughs. Air. AV. Harris, the organising and re- gistration agent of the miners, acting upon the iiietructions of his own organi- sation in the North Monmouth district, has forwarded to the steel cmeiters a communication in which he explains that, under the circumstances, the miners would be prepared to support the can- didature of the representative of another industrial body. He suggests Mr. Tom Griffiths, of Neath, as an acceptable can- didate, being a well-kaown public man, and P"-cesing qualification which would, he thinks, appeal to the Welsh elemens in the Division.
MARKETABLE PRODUCE The third of the eenef of meetings of farmers and market gardeners arranged to be held in the Gower Peninsula res- pecting the urgent national and locai. necessity of increasing the growth of all kinds of marKetable produce, was liald at Old Walls. County Councillor G. E. Gordon, who presided, 6aid he had made some calcula- tions, and found that it three cabbages were planted to every square yard, the re- sult would be 14,520 head of cabbages to the acre, and taken at pre-war price of an average of 2d. each, one acre would yield .t1:¿1. Even at Id. each the yield wold be W). Takin,- potatoes with an average crop of five tons to the acre, the yield at iG per ton (a very low estimate for pre- sent timfs), would equal t30 per acre. Mr. Walter Williams (Brecon),, secre-j tary South Wales branch of the Agricu!- tural Organisation Society, stated that the growth ot more food had two aspects from the poi nt of view of farmers in the days; it wns a patriotic duty, because it: added to the wealth of the nation, thuf helping to win the war, and it was a practical commercial proposition, because they were, through the force of circum- stances, amply rewarded for their lahour. i Councillor Buckland stated that he was present to (-low that the Corpora- tion of Swansea was keenly interested in the serious question of obtaining sup- plier of garden produce in larger quan- tities and at cheaper prices. He hoped the Mayor-elect tAld(rman D. Davies) would find time to attend a future meet- ing in Gower and to assure them that the Corporation were prepared to do what they could to make Gower the garden of Swansea. Councillor Hemmings and Mr. J. W. Davies (Swansea Market manager), also spoke. Mr. Jolms (Parish councillor) referred j to the diculties under.which they in that district suffered from owing to cliniatic conditions—west winds and fogs. Cattle rearing and fattening had paid the farmer better than producing potato or apple crops. Of garden produce potatoes were the most profitable they could grow.
FARMERS' HARVEST. A correspondent in West Wales wri. tes: Tons of butter and thousands of eggs are exported from Pembrokeshire to Swan- sea and other large towns every week. j The farmers bring in large quantities of thoae commodities to merchants every week, and sell the remainder to the local consumer at excessive prices. For ex- ample at Haverfordwest—the centre of agricultural and pastural Pembroke- i shire—butter is selling at 15. lOd. and Is. lid., and eggs at 3d. to 3^d each. I.ocal people are naturally irritated at I this state of affairs, and are talking of organising a strike "-in other words refusing to purchase the goods. The farmers themselves are making a fine harvest. They are selling their pro- duce at rates undreamt of in pre-war days. Their sons have been exempted. and though the farm 'emits" have joined the Army. any little inconvenience caused by their absence is swallowed up in a feeling of thankfulness that their own boys are safe under the paternal wing. Horse flflesh, however, is the most pay-! ing proposition at present, and the other' day a local farmer was heard to refuse an offer of S75 for a horse. Their frame of mind is perhaps best described in the; words of a south Pembrokeshire farmer's wife, who said. Well this war is a ter- rible thing, and it is an awful thing to, say that we don't want it to stop, but with all the truth we are making a good living now."
DARKNESS AND CRIME. A verdict of murder against some per-! son unknown was returned at Westrain-' ster on Tuesday at an inquest on the' body of a female child found near the Temple on Saturday. The Coroner said that this was the fifth case of this kind this month. They presented considerable difficulty to the police because, with the, present darkening of the streets, a person might be walking about with the victim of a horrible crime in a small parcel and could easily drop it in the street or from a bridge. Without any marks of identi-j ifcation, it was almost hopeless to pursue inquiries.
ATTACK ON LORD HALDANE.1 The Press Association says: Some alarm was caused Shortly after midnight of Tues- day night in Whitehall by the action of a number of women, who appeared in front of Government offices and hurled stones and pieces of metal through the windows, several of which were smashed. The missiles bore labels, upon which inscrip-1 tions were written: Down with Haldane" and Rumania must not be sacrificed." After a scuffle two of the worhen were arretted and taken to Cannon-row Police Station and detained.
THE RELEASED MINERS. Mr. Brace, a reply to Col. Archer Abbe. paid 11,000 miner-soldiers had been transferred to reserve and returned to the mines. As the output of coal is still far short of the amount required for national pur poses and the men in ques- tion have been released in order to assist in increasing the output, there can be no question of releasing other miners from Mnent in the Armv.
NEATH MAYOR-ELEC Aid. H. P. Chartes U: mously Selected. At a private meeting of the Neath ivi Council on Thursday, Aid. J.I. i'. CI.: i s was unanimously selected a-s Mavor-eW At a meeting of the Neath Town Council on Thursday, the Town- Clerk (Mr. E. C. Curtis) announced that Ald. H. P. Charles was that day celebrating his fortieth anniversary as a member of the Town Council. (Cheers.) He congratu- lated him and the Council. ) 1:1. Hopkin Morgan, in proposing a Yoh of congratulation. said Aid. Charles a native of the town, and although i it wac said tint a prophet found no honour in his native country, an excep- tion had been proved, for Ald. Charles had h i:! all the honour Neath could give him, and in return he had served his town nobly and wel!. Beth as a coun- cillor and alderman, Mr. Charles-had ren- dere(I great service, and he was pleased to st-e him looking so well. (Applause.) I Mr. W. B. Trick seconded, and added that although they often crossed swords in the Council Chamber, he had the greatest admiration for Aid. Charles. Dr. D. Ll. Davies, Mr. J. R. Jones, and Mr. Henry Thomas adde(I words of con- gratulation, and the resolution was car- ried with acclamation. i Replying, Aid. Charles said he had al- ways tried to serve his native town, and It was encourjiging to know that his I efforts were appreciated. True he said nasty things at times, but everybodv knew that his bark was worse than his bite." (Laugh er.) When he said nasty things on the spur of the moment, he regretted it on reflection. He knew of no man who had been honoured in his native town more than he had. and he felt in- i debVd to the town. ■ So long as he lived and had health, he would find pleasure in serving his native town. (Cheers.).
| PURCHASE OF SUGAR.. Mr. McKenna, Chancellor of the Ex- chequer, has informed Mr. Lough that wholesale dealers in sugar were not en- titled to require purchasers to take other goods as well as a condition of obtaining sugar. The Sugar Commission was ready to investigate, any case of the kind if brought before them with full par- ticulars. Answering Ifr. Rowlands, Mr. McKenna said the practice of requiring customers to purchase a certain quantity of other ,roceties as a condition of obtaining sugar liad been adopted by retailers of their own accord, as a means of protecting their reduced stocks of sugar from k3 rapid depletion. The Commission had so far not tlue !,r it right to interfere beyond insisting t the customers must be left complete i dom of choice as regarded tho. etV'r to be purchased. But i+ would now fa- ther dec-line to countenance enfo.cej: of the cond;tvm unler-s the <. goods which a retailer might r-quire hJ purchased at the same time as sugar not exceed 2s. in respect of each pound of sugar.
LONDON TEA ROOM SCENES. Two sisters named Maud and Adelaide Goodall were summoned at Bow-street on Tuesday for permitting disorderly con- duct at the Cave Tea Rooms, Strand. Mr. Muskett said that proceedings had been taken at the urgent request of the General Officer Commanding the London District. Lieutenant Keith Trevor, Assis- tant Provost-Marshal, who kept observa- tion on the place, saw ten or VIEm W,Iiswy-dxeRgol waitresses. About ninety per cent, of the customers were officers and men of the Army. One of the girls waltzed the length of the room with her arm around an oiffcer's waist; another sat for a time on an oiffcer's knee. Most of the waitresses were smoking cir- a re ties, and they used the lounges on which customers were sitting. Mr. Franpton said that the defendants had done their best to conduct the place in a respectable manner. Some men in khaki exacted a great deal of attention from the opposite sex, and perhaps the natural reserve of girls had been broken through. The magistrate remarked that a great public service had been done by bringing this case, and ordered each of the defen- dants to pay a fine of S5 and S7 7s. costs.
2275 FOR AN OFFICER. Liect. John Trueman. of the Wilt- shire Regiment, who won the Military Cross for gallantry in the field, was the plaintiff in the King's Bench on Wed- nesday. The officer, who resided at Holder's Green, sued Mr. Char les Petch, of Hendon Hall. Hendon. for damages for personal injuries sustained by him through being run down by defendant's motor car on January 29th last. Counsel explained tliat Lieut. True- man was invested by the King at Bock- ingham Palace. Having braved all the dangers of war for many u-ionths, be was knocked down and severely injured by defendant's car. the. result being that be had been forced to give up his prospects and connection with the Army. Lieut. Trtjeman was proceeding home near mid- night, and, having alighted from a 'bus, was knocked down by defendant's car, which. counsel said. was being driven by defendant's charrffenT at a rate which was dangerous having regard to the ex- isting restrictions. Defendant denied negligence. The jury found for plaintiff, and awarded E275 damages. Judgment waf entered accordingly with costs.
M.A. FOR PENTRE MAN. The Rev. J. Vernon Lewis, B.A., pasioi of Park-road Chapel, Liverpool, one of the most influential among the Welsh Congrtgational causes, has advanced an- other step in his distinguished career, having now received the degree of M.A. at Oxford. Mr. Lewis was brought up at Pentre, Swansea, where he commeneed preaching. His grandfather was deacon at Pentre Bstyll Chapel; an uncle is deaoon there to-day, and another is leader of the sing- ing. Mr. Lewis has had a brilliant career. He has specialised in Semitic languages, and his already peat repu- tation 1Ls .» preaeber is stin growing.
Second Lieut. Curtis, son of the Town Clerk of Neath, who is serving with the Welsh Regiment in France, has been pro- moted to the rank of ifrst lieratenant, Lieut. Curtis joined upttA private.