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RAItWAYMfcN'S MEETING. Mr Thomas Talks About Military Service. Mr. J. H, Thomas, M.P., addressed a mii,% meeting of railwaymen at the Elysium on Sunday evening. Mr. B. T. Fielder (of the Swansea No, 1 Branch) presided over a large audience. Mr. J. H. Thomas discussed the posi- tion of railwaymen before the war, and emphasised the need of keeping their Trade Unions strong in order that their demands might be considered in tho j future. At the close of "his address, Mr. Tho- was asked numerous questions, chiefly re- garding the Military Service Bill, which he stro ugl opposed. Military Service meant Coueorption, he said. A conscript army destroyed the national energy, and (kp,:(>(1 the State of all the resources wiiich, in. the face of necessity, would be found iu the courage of its citizens. Mr. Thomas was asked several ques- tions regarding the Derby scheme, and he advised everybody -of military age and fit-1 ness to attest. f Mr. 8weeney moved -that this meeting of railwaymen of Swansea and district re- affirms its unabated confidence in Mr. Thomas, M.P., on the able stand he has made, and is making, against conscrip- tion, and further pledges itself to support, him in resisting the same to the utter, most." Mr. D. Colwill seconded, and the resolu- tion was carried unanimously. During tho evenin? Mr. Morton, who i appeared on the platform with a large retriever dog, stated that last year the dog had collected £ 83 in aid of various war funds. A vote of thanks to the chairman closed the proceedings.
News has been officially received by ( Mrs. Phillips, Aberdyberthi-street, Hafod, Swansea, that Lance-Corporal C. Lowry, 1 of the 6th Welsh, has been wounded in France. Prior to the war he was employed at the Bay View Hotel, Swansea. His father, a well known Swan&f?a gentleman, kept a public-house in Wind-street, but he removed to South Shields a year ago.
MODERN JACK SHEPHERD ¡ MAN WH8 ESCAPEi) rRGM PEffiYILlE I PA-SON At Bow-str-wt on Monday, Frederick James, or Eugene McCarthy, described as i a traveller, wiie., charged as a suspected person attempting to commit felony, and further with escaping from Pentoaville Prison, with committing wilful damage -it Bow-street Police Station; aii>aultii«g ) the police; and with, attempting to com- mit suicide. It was given in evidence that the accused was sentenced 'at Marlborough- street to six monfiuj' imprisoilment on September ith last, for stealing a parcel j from the back of a van. On that occasion a policeman had pursued him to the Tube Station, where lie succeeded in entering a moving train. 1'h'3 policeman blew his whistle, end the train drew up, where- upon prisoner ran through the ec'tupa: t- I¡ mentg into the engine driver's box, and the policeman v, ho followed eventually i found him ftruggling with the driver on the line. After being sentenced for that offence he was removed to Pcntonville Prison, but, managed to make his escape. A ladder in the prison grounds was dis- covered to have been wrenched from a padlock chain and placed against the out- sido wall, on the top of which was a rope made of pieces of blanket. It was not known how he got out of his cell. He was in prison dress, but was believed to have taken with, him a master baker's cap and white jacket, as these things were mlf-sing.. Subsequently prisoner was seen acting suspiciously in Gray's Inn-road. A detective arrested him as a suspected person. Prisoner struck at the officer, and after a very violent struggle suc- ceeded in getting away. He was how- over, followed, and after his arrest was removed to Bow-street where, in reply to the charge he remarked: I am no Ger- man spy." Next morning prisoner wa6 round lying unconscious on the floor of the cell, apparently in a fit. A piece of jUetal had be<:n wrenched from the cell wall, and the door was badly damaged. Prisoner was removed to Westminster Infirmary, and on tke following day when an officer called he found that he had escaped. On Saturday last prisoner was arrested in a public house in Isling- ton. He struggled violently, and bit one of the detectives on the finger. Half an hour after he had been lodged in the cells at Bow-street he was found sus- pended from the ceiling with a handker- chief round his neck. He was uncon- scious, but 60on recovered after being cut down. It was further stated there were several convictions against him for theft and assaults on the police. Replying to the magistrate, prisoner said he would go for trial. He was sub- ject to fits, and at times did not know what he was doing. The Magistrate committed prisoner for trial on charges of breaking out of prison, attempting to commit suicide, and assault. Prisoner: "Whet about the others? There are eomo more."
LAUNCHING THE MUMBLES LIFEBOAT. Our wtist shows in a striking manner how the Mumbles lifeboat tops, the water on her trial launch It will come as welcome news to those who go down to the sea in ships that "he new lifeboat 6ilp near the Mumbles Pier is now completed. The work of construc- tion has gone through many vicissitudes owing to the difficulty in finding good and solid foundations for the huge piles on which the lifeboat slip is constructed, rha slip its a magnificent structure, and built of ferro-concTero, and is connected with the Mumbles Pier with a gangway about 1&0 feet in length. I This is the firfit lifeboat slip in which they have adopted making the reinforced soccrete on tihore and conveying the same iO the place of construction. The making if fu(} concrete aan be 4oao by iicskilled labour, The- pier slip has a gradient of one in five, and will be considered me of the finest in the; country. The slip, which has taken about 4 years to construct, would have been completed some time ago, but was considerably delayed owing to the war; also the bad weather, which pre- vented them from going on with the wort. t The coxswain informed a representative of the Cambria Daily Leader" that they would save about half-an-hour in launch- ing the lifeboat, and is certainly a -wl improvement on the old method. Jt is hoped to convert the old ljfcbo-it-'joiKse into comiortahia waiting-room, for the life- boat men, aud a pleco for look oat purposes. On Friday morning the lifeboat was taken from her juoerlw anl plfccrd into position on the slip. and at ..2..å5 p m. a trial launch was performed ia i lie, presence of Commander McLean and Mr. Lewis, chief engineer. It was a » ¥M 'I never to be forgotten. Coxswain William Davies and Irs gtl- lant men got into the boat, and after un- loosening the ropes, glided down ale sreep gradint into the sea in a few f- «onte. The plunge oasued a tremendous (leavrge of the water; also a cloud of spriy hen the boat righted itself, and the coxswain and the crew could be seen waving their hands, which clearly indicated that every- thing worked harmoniously and that the ftret launch from the new slip was a per- fect 6ueceas. It might be mentioned that the wouchi of the lifeboat is 13 ion*.
I FARMER'S TRAGIC ACT YfllHDHE MAN WHO WAS WOhRO OVER TtifcAjdiEi) AGitQri Mr. R. W. Beer (deputy county coroner.) conducted an inquest at Pantyf alien i'arm, Velindre, on Thursday, upon the oody of David Joseph, aged 41, of ianty- iaiitn Farm, who was found shot on iuesday. Mrs. Rachel Joseph, deceased's wife, said lhaX between 8.30 and 9 a.m. on Tuesday eha was milking the cowi, as also was deceased, lie went out, but did not come back to breakfast. Wm. Davies, a ser- vant, came in alnd told bar that he had 10and her husband dead in the chafi-room. iiccomed had complained for the laet fort- I night that his head was not very well. il,u was also troubled about a threatened slider action against hinx, which vat to I have boon heard at the next Assizes. In consequence of this he was very depressed. Last trunday fie complained that his eyee were very bad. lie nad never threateneu to take his life. Witness stated that 18 years ago de- ceaseds father shot himself. Deceased borrowed a gun from Gellygron, and the ¡jUil was found by his side. Ann Lewis, of Gellygron Farm, said that on Monday morning Joseph CillJUetD her and asked her for the loan of a gun, and she gave him the gun and three cartridges. lie told her he was going to shoot biros. Wm. Davies, farm servant, eaid that on Tuesday morning he saw deceased before breakfast, taking chaff to a calf. Witness heard no bhot fired. Dr. Griffith John Williams, Pontar- dulais, deposed to being called to Panty- fallen Farm on Tues^&y last, getting there at 4 o'clock. He made an examina- tion of the body, and found a circular ir- regular wound in the pit of the stomach. caused apparently by a shot from a sport- ing gun. Circumstances point to deceased having stood up and pointed the gun to his stomach and fired. The fact that de- ceased was tall would account for him being able to reach the trigger. Witness had attended deoeased for several ail- ments at different times. P.C. John Jones, of Llangyfelach, who acted as interpreter for the witnesses who were Welsh-speaking monoglots, said that, the barrel of the gun was pointing to the stomach. A stick lying on the ground ap- peared to be used in firing the gun. There was a spent cartridge in the gun, the se- cond barrel being empty. On searching the body witness found two live cartridges in the pocket. Thle jury returned a verdict to the effect that )avid Joseph died at the Panty- fullep Farm, Velindre, on the 4th iast. from abdominal injuries reoeived through shooting himself whilst of unsound mind.
MR. J. H. THOMAS, M.P. LABOUR OPPOSITION 10 THE GOVERNMENT PiiOWsALS AT SiVAKStA. The anti-Conscription meeting at the Docker^ Hall, Swansea, on Sunday after- noon was of a lively character, DClth the araa and the gallery of the epaeious cinema hall were packed with a mass <u men, the audienw, overflowing into the gangways. Councillor T. Wilson occupied tM chair, and the principal epeaiter w u, Mr. J. H. Thomas, Labour M.P. far Derby, and assistant secretary of thn National Union of .Railway m«n. Inter- ruptions occurred from the very outoei. of the DMcting. When the Chairman opened with tlie observation that he was glad to ope such large audience someone in t'iie gallery | lou would rather see a I of Geaxuajas here, wouldn't your" whiio i another interrupter ghouted: lie is tiiio of thorn" « Were Mr. Wilson retorted that they were there to speak to trades unionists there were retorts that it: was a citizcnig, meeting); he was in- formal that everybody had been invited. The objeci of the meeting, na continued, was voluntaryism v. com- pul&ion. It had been stated in one of the parpens that thai meeting was being held to champion the cause Qf. the slackers. (Hear, hr). H I am not here to cham- pion the of any slacker/' he de-j clared. (Hear, hear, and applause.) I am here to look after my business as a trades unionist, and let it be distinctly understood I am a trades unionist first. Votoe: What have you done for the voluntary eyeteme The Chairman: Nothing. (Voice; c. Shame.") That in a matter of opinion," Mr. Wilson replied. Mr. J. Sweeney moved the following resolution: "That this meeting of Swan- sea citizens declares that the great cause for which the Allies are fighting is the overthrow of militarism, and we are satis- fied that the unity of the people is essen- tial to bring the war to a successful con- elusion. We therefore view with regret' the action of the Cabinet in deciding for compulsory recruiting for the Army, and appeal to the (government to withdraw its proposals and to maintain the unity of the nation, which can only be done by the voluntary system. We further emphasise the undisputed fact that every call that has yet been made has been responded to by the free men of this country." By the married men," shouted one man in the audience. "And single men," came a voice from mother part of the hall. >Ir. J. H. Goodwin seconded. Mr. J. H. Thomas, M.P., who s'np- ported, said he welcomed a free. fair, and open expression of opinion from anybody who disagreed with him, and he asuea for a fair hearing in returns Proceeding, ha said we were face to face to-day with ths most serious, most momentous and Most, far-reaching difhculty that ever this country had had to face. Difficult and delicate as the situation was, it behoved every man to keep two tilings clearly in mind. Firstly, he must have regard and consideration for, and remember the brave fellows who were fighting our battles. Secondly, he most remember that just aa those men, who had volun- teered as free men, were risking their 1 iN e. to defend our homes and children. They who hnd been, left behind had befn entrusted with the grave responsi- bility of seeing that, wlien they returned frol:1 the battlefield to civil life, thoy would return as free men. (Loud ap- plause.) Ifr- n,tiece, in the local Press that some- one had been nsked to immediately. put the question to the chairman, "Wjhat hare you done for the voluntary sYEtelll" lie Jïötjccd that quite legitimately, consis- tently and faithfully tLn question haa ¡",L tLa tighter.) lie challenged thw individual to put the question to himself. (Hear, hear.) He would tell them what be had done for the voluntary system. When war broke out he was a peace man. He hated war, believing that it let loose :\11 the worn, passions of humanity, and he hr.ii worked and piayed for the time when all the workers of the world would have made war impossible. At the 'time of the South African War be took his stand at all risks in opposing it. but when the • resent war broke cut aId Belgian was Violated, be considered it was his duty to render every assistance in the campaign to defeat the German buily. Realising that (fcrman militarism must be crushed, if civilisation and progress were to be main- tained, ho worked with all hie heart and isoul. and never spared himself, in appeal- tag. in &U parts of the kingdom to bis fel- to do their duty in the hour of fi he nation's crisis. He also realised that one tiling above all was essential to win the war—national umity. He r&ali?cd that sectional disputes and trades disputes would be fatal to the best interests of the i country, so he had used his whole weight and influence in all trade negotiations to keep in mind the national interests. It ill became any section of the Pnees in Swansea to deal with his claim as a Labour leader, for if any man had been abused of weakness in supporting the Government and in not having a strike ha had. Why had he taken the course ho bed adopteiP Because he felt, right}7 or wrongly, until this war was over we should eftand absolutely as a united and determined people. In order to do that efi'ectivelf lie not only directed his efforts in the industrial world, but when the first attack was made on Lord Kitchener to discredit him in the eyes of the kllies 1 and neutral countries, he asked the (Jorenujjent to realise there were eomo ptMCOTtous at home as well as in the trenelves. (I[ear, hear). When Lord Hal- dane and V r Lloyd George began to quarroi publicly he (Mn Thomas) said, Stop your 'ooliag and get on with the war, and settle all' quarrels amongst your- nelres." He pointed out a year &go that it was < mowtrow thing for men wttO were fighting for a bob a day to have to pay their faro on coming home for a few day" leave at Christmas, and he persuaded tie War Office to tive them Cl>ri«tro»s leave and a free pass. His attention was called to a CaM where the xuotHer of a wounded soldier who died in hospital was charged a shilling a mile to bring lils body home. (" STiajne.") Ha got the War Office to return the money, and La hnd secured that privilege for etwy soldier to-day. Wh-en our brave men returned maimed from the front, they nmsfc 5ee t? it ?h?t they were made 9.1 atiom'.oharg-e. and not put in the Work- ?o?ttte. (Alpiliau,se) I view with contempt and dst," the ape?k?r wfat on. any slacker, single or ulamed. I would not stand up for ;I moment to defend the Nosri? slacker. (Hear, bear). On the contrary, I &hould treat Ijim with the same contempt as 1 treat. the w-n-unionist. 11 (Apl)!aute, fol. low,col, by some disorder in the gallery). a I am sure that is not a slacker up t, soA Mr. Thomas, amid laughter. -U I &s?," he proc?-ded, is not that ?ou should condemn the slacker, or ?cte- ien or exCMe Mm, but proye your cam ^r»t b?ore' ,Queond«nn any nMU? CV<M<?? L<?E for his MTn!et/? Have we any ,i; morally or etharm He, to to a nwm, "Yoa are a slacker,' nnless we can f»i»ov¥> N. P Are you going to call slackers edi the islnsrfe men of that railway com- l Wvuiy vrhkQ did not allow &11: of their men Mte.øt?.n ^Te4«i: No Mr, Thotrts*: Tlwto who,f are you .Itytahlittg about? U-noter.) Then Tt ? *• ? el T ther ie no difFerenoe betw?fB 'J.w T ?u?k we are new <;<mun? on muhM} 5o?nd. All tbo tdtjgle men ore T>ot on tlerail, mmeAPA oni- m-wn-i n the «udience. JKz. Thorn an: That is a" fair What I ask in BTiswer is; rr Are those who I are on the railway a ad were refused in. cluded in the slack???? How ztxauy were there? r. Thomacs: That is what I want to know. What I want to emphasise more than anything is- Voice: Win the war." Certainly," ratorted the speaker, I want to emphasise that cry, Win the war,' but are we likely to win unless we have equal sacrifices from everybody? There was some disorder in the gallery consequent on an interruption from a vounvr man which was inaudible from the olatfonn. Another man on the opposite Tide of the gallery rose and fiaid, I think David B-avies and his clique, who inter- mnted another Swansea meeting, are over there. If he has anything to say, let him TO on the platform and he a Real national service, Mr. Thomas pro-1 "codod, meant that el-aryone should ecn- tribuf-3 alike. « I"p to the age of GD," shouted an in- terrupi er. Tvfr. Thomas: I will make it 70, if it •ill please you, because for my purpose? qO would do. (Lp.ug'hter.) Con tinning, he snid he inte-nded Uj move an amendment in the House of Commons which had for its object oonal national service. In other words, that wealth as well as labour should be conscripted. (Loud applause.) If that was car ried, in spite of his previous oppo- sition, he would support the Bill to the nnd. Where Conscription had been adontid it had ever been usc-rl againt the worker, and had always meant the re- tarding of pi-ojress and liberty sa far as the working dags was concerned. Voice: Not true. Mr. Thomas: Not true! Would any- one suggest that it was not the conscript ^vstern which: broke the railway strike oi l France? Teople who talked about Ull1', ores*mt system b#»Jni; expensive wanted I Conscription because it woaild give them a cheap army, and they would be able to do J what they liked. Realising the danger, he would be false to hits own ,"lass, the trades union movement, and the lni"n '1'110 had come forward under l-]i3 voluntary syetMn if oe did not we that their interests were protectf'. M ?hat wh?n they came back they would he able to take their places free and un- feltered, as before. Sections of the Press were trying to divide the Labour Party— | "some of those are angels, and the others are the other sort." (Laughter). Tho | Swansea people had been told that Thomas its no true representative of Labour. Voice: Nor Stanton. Mr. Thomas: I don't want for th» moment to enter into any personal oom-I pari sons. Voice: You are an in the same box. i*j,tvr,* Is AN ITinch dif- ference as chalk and cheese in the lot of you." Mr. Thomas: And I am quite sure yon woul d only have the onion if you came- in amQn'gst them. (Laughter). This same section of the Press, he continued, who to-day were play- iug this game, had never shown, when there had been trades disputes, a\ij sympathy or support for the workers. There was an ulterior motive behind it. These newspapers alleged that the Labour Congress last week was a fake, that the vote was a wrong vote, and that there were certain people there who ought not I to have been there. (Voice: Quite right.") They pointed out that Mr Hodge had said so. Mr. Hodge, ''Ve himself, thought a Congress would >»< beet, and if he objected to tho compofcsuoa why was he a party to calling it. On the other hand, it came with bad grace from any man, whether he was in the ranks of Labour or outside, to quarrel with !.ho method of voting when it did not serve his purpose- In short, it won't do," declared Mr. Thomas. We are not going as a Labour movement to be made a actspaw." The workers had the greatest possibk* justifica- tion for saying, We view with suspicion the placing on the Statute Book of a mea- gure of compulsory service." He would prafer to sacrifice his life rather than be a party to anything which would imperil our chanOOci of wj the war. But he was in favour of urgicg the Government, instead of placing on tie Statute Book a Bill which they frankly admitted might never ba necessary to gire the Derby scheme an extended trial. Lord Derby had pointed out that there wero places where, for obvious reasons, they could get neither the I machinery nor the officers for the scheme. He pointed out there were men, ma,rried and single, who had obligations that oould net be disposed of. Working men j did not run about advertising their dINif) culties. Let's have an opportunity of I visiting," said Mr. Thomas, "and getting everybody's explanation," and then we' should know who is net a slacker. A Voics: Why not make the suggestion? A[r. Thomas: It is perfectly obvious the interrupter has not read my speeches in Parliament, or he would hava seen I have done so. opp*F,,ed, b,- proceede i to I He was oppo?d, he proceeded, to placing on the Statute Book aay measure which made England a conscri pt country for tho first time. Don't blind yourself that it is a small measure," he said. Of course, it is, bat is ther" any clause in the measure which says that even this meane cannot be used for industrial purposes. When the Derby scheme was first intro- duced, he wrote to the Prime Minister, and said that before he would advise eny man to attest he wanted a guarantee that when the man, married or single, had attested and went back to his work, if a, trades dispute happened the Government would not have the right to call upon that man as a soldier. (Applause) He had got that guarantee in writing, and he was going to see that in this Bill eomo q'Ieb clause was introduced. 110 was nnxiorq we that *he pro. grew and liberties for which the werkew bad fought were not taken advantage (Jf by "thoBe who are as much mammies nf us as anybody in Germany." (Applause.) J Mr. Fred Maddison, es-M.P, for Sheffield and secretary of the Inter- J national Arbitration League, also sup- < ported the resolution. Ho was subjected < to a good deal of interruption. The < genesis of Conscription, he said, could not 1 be laid at the door of Lord Kitchener. "I am not an apologist for Lord Kit- 1 chener/' he eaid, nor a flatterer of Lord Kitcltcocr—4t<e does not need it." "Be British," exclaimed someone in the »udj»erice. "Ho is the man of the i maraxmt. Three cheers for Kitchener < were called for and Imstily given. t Mir. Maddison: I QBdocM tk&so tfaootis < to the full. I admire that great soldier, because he ha-, aiv.'ays been loyal to tho voluntary system. When Mi". Maddison resumed his seat there was a call for cheats for Mr. Lloyd George. They were- given, accompanied by booing. Question time had now arrived, and a good many were put. Mr. Thomas was asked what was his alternative scheme to compulsion to make the slacker do his bit iu the trenches. Mr. Thomas replied that in the next three or four weeks, the time permitted by the Bill, he was prepared to bring all tho pressure to !)r<Qr that he could to have every CaöØ investigated. Every case having been investigatfjd, lie would then bo pre- pared to say what should be done with the slacker. If a man was a slacker he was a coward, and if he was a coward what value would he he as a fighter? j What does Mr. Thomas mean by con. j scripting the wealth of the country?" Mr. Thomas replied that everyone who was fighting was fighting for the country, but the into rests of the country were not equal. The man with a large landed; estate had got much more to protect than anyone in that room. He did not mean simply putting on a 3s. income tax, but the State should take over the entire i wealth of the country, and everybody should be put on an equal footing. (Hear, hear). After other questions, the resolution was put, and declared carried by the chairman. A good number of hands were held ap against. Cheers for Mr. Thomas and Mr. Maddi- son concluded the meeting.
SCEKES AT A MINERS' MEETING. I | Tliere was disorder at a miners' meeting on Sunday at Abersychan. Monmouth. b ire. Mr. Witone argued that'the Compul. sion controversy had been introduced as a conspiracy to change the Premiership. Interrupter: That's what you are doing. Mr. Winstoae eaid Sir John Simon had told them what the ifgures were regarding recruiting. Interrupter: Give us what Mr. Herbert Saiuuol 6aid next day. Mr. Wins tone: Those figures cho-ed- Interrupter: Figures can 00 juggled to peart" prove, any thing. Mr. IViuston-e: Those figures showed that at Waltharnstow Interrupter: Give us the figures for the country. Mr. Winstom: I have not got them. Interrupter: They are inconvenient for you. Mr. Wiustonp, Well, has the voluntary system proved a failure? Interrupter: Yes. When asked why he had not followed Mr. John Ward's example, Mr. Wins bone replied that he had offered his cervices. 1 Great disorder prevailed at question time, and as the meeting broke up Mr. Winston e engaged in an altercation with a reporter who challenged hia counting of the vote on the resolution.
Lieut. Harry Sinclair, of the Gordon Highlanders, nephew of Lieut.-Col. Alex. Sinclair, paid a visit to Swansea during the past week-end. He has been at the front for some months past, and has ex- perienced a rattling good time in the fighting zone.
￼ i ￼ ￼ r i t i s h Qualities The True British Qualities of endurance, efficiency, and thoroughness are well-reflected m Pears the Toilet Soap which Lasts Twice as Long as common toilet soaps, and is solid to the last particle DON'T FORGET to send him some in your next parcel. jt;
WELFARE OF MLNiTiOH WORKERS CINEMA HALL AT filODEl WORKS A munition factory, which for the bene- fit of its workpeople has appointed a chap. lain and a qualified doctor and turgeon, i hae decided to erect a theatre as a cinema and concert hall, and has taken over a small operating theatre and Innr. mary for cases of illness, is alluded to in an interesting report uopn welfare super-! vision issued to-day by the Health of Munition Workers' Committee, which assists Mr. Lloyd George. The committee, remark that questions of housing, transit, can teen provision, and the individual welfare of employes aN the chief influences affecting industrial efficiency in munition works, and appear to be almost more important than im- mediate or technical environment in which work is carried oii. Welfare supervision, it is declared, must be re- garded as a vital aud integral part of the whole discipline and right orgatma. tioif of the business to be shared in by all. directors, foremen and employee as well. An employer bears witness hat the economic results have justified the; trouble and expense. The oolumittee ars i satisfied that the output of workers is in- duced by the absence of that super- vision, and record their unanimous con- viction that a suitable system of welfare supervision, to be administered by an officer specially appointed for the pur.1 pose, is essential in munition works where women or girls are employed, and urgently necessary. When it is impracticable to appoint a whole time woman supervisor, the dutiee of welfare supervision should be allotted to a woman on tho factory staff specially designated for the purpose. If the employment of women be not properly safeguarded and wisely supervised, the ultimate results may be far from desirable or beneficial. The officer appointed should be a woman of good standing and education, of expe- rience and sympathy, ana tactful and censible in her dealings with others.
"CASSEO" IN A CHEMICAL WORKS I Two men were fatally gassed in the chemical works of Messrs. arraway, Dukeet. Glasgow, on Saturday, the victims being James Connell and Charles Lockhart. The former was overcome while attend- ing 'the machinery, and Lockhart sacri- ficed his life in attempting his rescue. A third worker, Alexander Howat, was rendered unconscious in attempting to save his companions, but a fourth work- man, James McKerigar, crept up cau- tiously and pulled him clear of danger.
THE BREWERS' TROUBLES I JUSTICES RETAIN fUlL LEVY. The Carmarthenshire Quarter Sfism were held at Carmarthen on Friday, Jh..4 W Drummond presiding. The calendar comprised eewen prisoners. The court considered the coeipeiwatiet* levy existing on licenced bonsoe in tkm( county. Mr. Villiers Meager (instructed byn Mftsrs. Roderick, Kichards and Co., HaB" elly) submitted a petition against tb* full compensation levy being made ttaa yyar, on behaU of Messrs. Buckley's, LM.. the Felinfoel Brewery, and the LliweUy and District Licensed Victuallers' Asso- ciation. There was also a petition from the Carmarthen Licensed Victualled Aaeociatk n Mr. Meager pointed out that the full compensation levy had been made in Car- marthen dni-ing the past three or fwsr years. The petitioners submitted it was not necessary that such charge should ba. imposed for the coming year. The heavy additional license duties impoeed by tha 1910 Budget were still a heavy burden OIL the trade, while the enormous war tax had increase d the cost of beers by at Isast 20 per cent. AU drink materials bad. advanced enormously in price. W were much higher than prior to the war. Mr. A. P. Lewis, Llandovery, proposed; tha.t the matter lie referred to the coci- pensation authority, with full power (a decide. Mr. David Evans, Whitlaztd proposed an amendment that the fnU levy be posed. The amendment was carried by 10 wotef to 9.
I GUARDIANS AND MASTER. At the quarterly meetug of the PaatN>< dawe Board of Guardians, Mr. H. J. Powell, J.P., presided. Mr. John M. Danes had a notiae or motion on the agenda to the effect than the resolution passed by the Board six, weeks ago in regard to the MastW6seWy should he be called up in his group be- rescinded. Mr Morgan Davies asked what was their position as Guardians having regard to the Clerk's letter to the Master on tà. matter. He considered that they were legally tied in the matter, ac Mr. Joms had been attested and was waiting to bo called up in his group on the strength « £ the Guardians' decision. Mr. John M. Daviee objected to Mr. Morgan Davies placing a stumbling block before the meeting. He maintained that, they as a Board should finally danda the matter under consideration without ewai the advice of the Clerk. The Clerk said he looked upon it m thsk law of the contract. The offer had been. made and accepted, and the Master had. acted upon it. The Chairman eaid the question m whether the contract was binding or net. His ruling was that the contract was binding, and the motion was out of order. It was decided, however, to place the facts before the Local Government Board for their opinion. Mr. J. G. Harris next moved that ftte resolution passed recently firing the salary of Mr. Henry James, rate oollector for Gwaun-cae-Gurwen at tn8 per year, and the salary of Mr. David Davies, rate collector for Rhyndwyclvdach, at ttTt be rescinded. After a long discussion it was decided that the salary of Mr. Jaxwo should remain at CIIG, and that the salary of Mr. David Davies should be raised to £190.
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