'A Spar?!?, Coplm^; Dr??. ?A ?'' — ￼ "???' ￼ ￼ I I Contains the Properties of English and Foreiga Mineral Waters. *> » HTS^repsrntioD produces a fine Soarkllna: C Had Hc-aitti riving Dtj-:?c, st)d iz- 9 beneficial in Cleansing tbe¡¿Y6tmlJ"om ILccnmulatpt1 in¡pun1;ieo. It Purifies tha Blood (the Lite Fluid),and impaxti3 a vieour to the Entire System. Be careful what you drink! This Salt acts by Natural ft/leans it haa a. disinfecting a/don on tb aBowels, and reiiov" toxio niaterill, the cause of Hel1r1a ohl', IiiliQusuoss, Sourness of the titomb.e)i end Flatulence; it Strengthens the Digestive Organs, and aids the Vital elements of Nutrition in tbo formation of I'll re and more Vitalised Blood, thus stiiiiolating the, very springs of ilte. As a simple drink, a tea-spooniul in a twmbler of water is very Exhllaratlnjol'l\.samedicine. two tea-spoonfuls ehould be to.¡¡(n fasting. Its value will be known by the UM of one T!n. JJ not obtainable from your Chrmirt, Greear, so SiMes, five penny stumps will bring it. 4-oz. Tins, 4d. S-oz. Tins, Qd. A
The St. Helena Guardian expresses the willingness of the island to become doubly historic as an imperial prison by keeping behind her outward cordon of precipitous cliffs in safe seclusion a man whose- head is much too small for Napoleon's hatu-"
I HEALTH OF SYJANSITA. I I DR. EVANS CALLS FOR CHANGES I N j SALE OF MiLK METHODS. The annual report for the year 15)11 of the Swan&ea medical officer of health is a mine of valuable information as to the I l iei-e physical well-being of tiie town. There are three sections: (1), sanitary circum- stances (2), sanitary administration; Co), vital statistics. The report of iair. Midgley Taylor on the proposed new main sewerage system, recommending an outfall near the Mlimbics Head, and the decision to ap- ply to the Local Government Board for a loan of necessary sewerage works under the Public Health Acts. were the chief items of progress in respect of sewerage. Sanction was given to borrow £ 33,051) for the extension of sewers Insanitary Properties. I The progress made in dealing with insanitary properties, comments Dr. Evans, viewed in the light of the amount of insanitary properties that exist, is not satisfactory. More might be accomplished if closing orders were made eifective, as they could be, by letting Corporation houses to the tenants who have to be dispossessed- If death statistics are accepted as the guide for a sanitary authority," says Dr Evans, then the clear indication to- day is for increa&ed attention to the housing problem. The respiratory. phthisis, and infantile mortality rates are three predominant .-a oanitary factors associated with these are over-crowding, bad housing, and bad use of houses. These factors imply at least a three-fold solution of the housing problem-building more houses to relieve over-crowding, improvement of insanitary houses to remove bad housing, and educa- tion to teach the tenants how to keep their houses in a sanitary condition." Building mpre houses would not alone solve the problem. Last year there were 3,404 births in Swansea 161 of these were dead at birth, 139 (i in 23) died before, reaching one month, and 463 (1 in 7) died before reaching one year. The infant mortality rate of Swansea, though it is being gradn- j ally reduced, is still high. There were 136 deaths per thousand births for 101-1—1 out of every seven births, The town passed throungh a period of epidemic prevalance of several of* the in- fectious diseases, especinDy Scarlet fever. Measles and Whooping Cough, but there was a marked decline in cases of Diph- theria A thorough change in the manner of handling of milk by miik-seller-s and cow- keepers in the town is needed. More active interference and the establishment of new standards of cleanliness have been deferred pending the coming into operation of the Milk and Dairies Bill. which, though passed, has been held up by the war. The site near Hndrefoilan selected for a new isolation hospital will be large enough t o erect both an Infectious Diseases Hospital and a Small Pcx Hospital. Swansea is now in the unfortunate position of being without any accommodation for small pox patie itP. There wore, however, no cases of email pox notified in 1914, and during the past 12 years only three cases in all have been notified. In this connection, it is of interest to note the gradual and substantial increase in the numbers of conscientious objec- tions" to vaccination since 1909. The figures are 1909. 248; 1910, 3.58; 1911, 419: 1912, 594; 1913, 672; 1914, 831. Of 4,460 births registered, only 2,567 were suc- cessfully vaccinated. There was a great increase in the noti- fication of scarlet fever—869 as compared with 325 for 1913, end a previous ten years' average of 336. 24 per cent of the cases were dealt with in the Borough Fever Hospital. The disease was of a mild form, and distributed throughout the whole of the borough, and concur- rently with it there was an epidemic of German measles. The total notifications of tuberculosis for the year Were 57(f For the preceding year the total was 530. Whooping cough caused 85 deaths, and measles, 75. Among the troops located in Swansea there has been no outbreak of infectious disease. The natural increase of the population for the year, or the excess of births over deaths, was 1,497, as compared with 1,696 for 1913. The average increase for the last 10 yoars haj been 1,500. Marriages show an increase of 55 on the number for the preceding year.
FELL FROM A CRANE, Strange Fatality to Loughor Driver. Mr. C. J. C. Wilson (Deputy County Coroner) held an inquee-t at Loughor upon the body of John Wil- liams, of Fairwood," Belgrave-road, Upper Loughor, a crane-driver employed at the Bryngwyn Steelworks, Gorseinon. David Bevan, crane-driver at the works, said that on Tuesday, about 7.30 a.m., ho was driving a crane adjoining deceasedV. Witness saw Williams go on to the upper platform of his crane. There is always waste oil, which makes the platform slippery, and deceased was wearing boots. with nails in them. Witness's attention was occupied for about 15 minutes. When he turned around he saw that Williams had fallen. His head was resting on the lower platform, but his feet were still on the upper platform and the body was between the exhaust and the injector pipe. The former was hot enough to burn the arm. Witness went across to Williams, who was already dead. Witness did not know whether deceased had shouted at all, as a mill which was working near by was rather noisy. Dr. J. M. Macpherson, M.B.. of Gors- einon, deposed to being called to the works. He arrived there at 7.05 a.m. On examining the body, he found the wind- pipe had been dislocated. In witness's opinion, death was due to a violent bend- ing back of the head, with the neck kepb rigid. A verdict of Death due to a fractured neck sustained on Tuesday at the Bryn Gwyn Steel Works was returned.
ALIEN WOMAN'S DEFENCE. A German woman named Carolina Otto<?ky, who has resided at Mill-street, Carmarthen, was charged at Llanelly with. travelling beyond the five mile limit. P.C. Kennedy stated that on the previous night he saw tho woman looking for lodg- ings. Noticing that she spoke with a strong foreign accent, he spoke to her. and found that she was a Gorinan.-De- fendant said she left Carmarthen as tin man with whom she had been living wai cruel to her.—She wa»s bound over in sureties of herself in X5 and another iix the same amount.
LLANOii-O GUARDIANS.. A BARBEil WANTED. The fortnightly meeting of this board was held ar the Hhive Hall, when there %ere Ii presentilr. Davits u-haimian), Mr. E. Matthews (vice-chairman!. Lord Dynevor, Rev. J. A-bau and Messrs. Dd. Davies, ny. J^orberi, Gomcr Harrier, John [wis, W. Griffith" J. HUDlphr<:y<>. L N. Powell, W. Roberts, Dan Davies, Arthur Williams, Prit,chard Davies. Vf. Hoplun, D. Thomas, J. I., Wil-iaais. J. Richards. W. j Stephens, 3. Poweii, W. Eicharde-, W. Lewis, i Ciiyu J'cnkin«. the Clerk (Mr. R. Shipley Le.vi*. and the ether officials.. The House, The Master «pon«l tiia: the number o: in mare* was 61 asainut 56 in the correspond- | ing period last y-tar. Vagi'aDts relieved i'ol—| the fortnight, 40 dTain?t 10 co'TCSticnuin? | period loss year. The Master asked .?ua-d to grant hi? the services Dl a barber -r. J. 1'i?lia'd?. doabted if one conid he' oi>tain-ed.—Cnuirman: H the Ma:e:' b »atis- j i?il with a barber once a week ?c need not pneh that question—The Msioter said | that if he had a barber he could do with- out a porter, were moie in the house zi n d t li?P- than ha.d been for a Ion? time, and the .•Ben | w-ere a more feeble cla?; lie had Juee youtig chaps were <4 little help, if he gave them chargb of tLe- men whilst he was in the office they wculd let xhe men out, and they wculd Ie. IIl:n drunk. Then there were wore feeble women in the house thuit had been sinoe he bad been in office. He had one old lady uftr 30 years ci age who wandered from door to doer, it v.-anted one officer to look after the women; he had done it for three months.—Mr. L. M. Powell proposed tbILt they should adver ise, and the only thing thai suggested itself to him was it likoly that they would get a porter ot the salary they had betn paying in the pact? It was a question they Aotlld have to consider.— Chairman: What about the age?—Mr. L. Y. Powell: That is another point. We might get an ebie-bodi-ad man between 45 end 50.— Mastir: 1 don't mind even if he is .5ixty- Mr. Herbert thought the old porter might come back.—The Master said that the porter had not told him straight that he would come back, but he (the master) did not think he would.—jtr. J. L. Williams pointeci out that he had been a man from :he Work- house bringing up tha books that morning- Was he of no good i-1—Master bir. Tie can't plant cabbage. H& will do a lOW or two, and then goes wrong. He is not a man one could trust. Proceeding, the master said the Workhouse was more of a wwry tiincs they had to detain the trempdl. tr they had only the worst of them now. lie had not a man be could send on a message to town, and the man he sent that morning had two boys with him to tiavioe him ana tihow him how to do things.—Mr. Arthur Williams thought they should put the age between 45 and 50.—Replying to tlw chair- man. the Clerk said the appointment should be subject to one month's notice.—Lord Dynevor suggested the age ehou:d be irom 40 to 50.—Mr. Arthur Williams pointed out that 40 was the limit under the i-egialratiorl for military purpose*. lie agreed to be- yond forty." They had also the Question of salary to settle.—Mr. J. Richutla thought that if they fixed the salary they would be in a serious position, as a m-an at 4J would be worth more than a man r.t 60.—Mr. Her- bert: Let them state the wages they expect. -Clerk: You have done that before.—Mr. J'I Richards proposed that they take that course.—Mr. A. Williams seconded. They had done it with regard to the caretaker of the new offices, and he believed that in that instance they accepted the » lowest tender.—The Chairman What about the duties?—The Master said he wanted a man who could cut hair and rhave.-It was I decided to obtain the services of a barber, aud aliyeni¡;e a porter. and to advertise for a porter.
RURAL DISTRICT COUNCIL. A. meeting of thi* body was held after- j "ar, wh-en the chairma.n, Mr. R. Poweli, presided. Sanitary Matters. S311itary Matters. Referring to the Sanitary inspector's re. port, Mr. R. Matthews said it had been urid,e. the consideration of the Sanitary tommittee, but that it contained nothing of interest. Price of Stones. j Mr. Richards submitted the report of the Roads Committee, at which there had been present the Chairman and M-eS-SI. Glyn Jenking, W. Lewi? and him<?h. The com- mittee recommended that an advance of 6d. per ton be allowed the Lime Works, Ltd., for ctone supplied to the Council.- From correspondence which was read from the company it appeared that owing to the increased cost of explosives and of coal and the granting of a war bonus to the work- men, they had been compelled to increase the cost of lime by is, a ton and of stones by 6d. They hoped it would be only tem- porary—A circular was read from the iioaris Boa.rd asking if the Council had traction engines, water carts. wagons, etc., togetJ?:- with raen, properly equipped, to epare for naval and military purpos'æ?-I Mr. L. ?. Powell "d the communication would not apply 7? amall conn cil3 W'e ihetra. With regard to an advance of ('d per ton for stones, he asked if it wa? W apply to contracts then in force"- Mr. Richards- Thit i how I understand it. —Mr. L N. Powell: They contract to supply us with stones at a certain price. Is it the reoomnwndation of the committee that we grant the advance of sixpence per 1<>0 ?-- Mr. Richards said that for the reason c-Latoi in the letter that was so.—Mr. Evan IUvies said that the same thing applied to every contractor. If they did it for the bigger contractops they would not be able to stop if going on, and the smaller contractors would want it—Mr. J. Richards: It would not le fair-—Mr. Gomer Harries did not think .t would be right. If there had been a reduc- tion they should not have heard anything about it. They had adhered to that prin- ciple all the way through. He did not sea why they should pay the advance.—Mr. J. Richards: It its only a recommendation. It is for the Council to decide. The farmers who had contr.icted for carrying stonee in the aaane way had t-o meet with increased costs, and the contract with the Lime Worxs had beeu entered into before the war broke out. He proposed that they ehould not agree with the recommendation cf the com- mittee.—Mr. Gomer Harries seconded.—Mr. J. L. Williams asked when the contract ter- minated?—The Clerk: On the 31st of Decem- ber.—Mr. Evan Bvviee: The war was in full swing when they tendered.—The recom- mendation was not adopted.—Mr. Richard", proceeding with the agenda, said that item No. 4 on the agenda stood in Lord Dynevo.r's name. It was with regard to a road at Gnrrey. The Roade Committee recommended tt.it. a small committee should visit the road and report to the Council that day fortnight. They did not wih to over-ride Lord Dynevor's motion. It was open for him to address the Council.—Lord Dynevor said hn had no objection to the report. The village cf Gurrey consisted of nine houses. There was no public road to it. The road was a private one. There was a right-of-way to the village which was under the jurisdiction of the Liandilo Urban Council and the Parish Council. Where the road ended the ri&'ht-of-way con- tinued over the fields to a district road. He thought it was only fair t > tin inhabitants of that small village that they should have road belonging to the public, and he hoped the committee would report in favour of taking it ,er.-The Chairman &aid they were only following the custom in bring- ing the matter firs-t before the committee.— Mr. Matthews proposed that the three mem- bers living nearest the road should form the committee.—Mr. Evan Davies said he had been over the road hundreds of times. In addition to the village there was Gurrey ,LV,iiior. There were precedents. They had takeu ever roads of lass importance. It was a very good foundation. He did not know huw it wao with regard to the bridge. The \rjw in the district he represented. To be fair and consistent he would support the motion, but he ihons-ht it thould e visited by someone Irom a distance—Lord Dynevor: If you name the three, necres*" m0lli.)Cr." one will be myself, and 1 don t know that I ought to come to the com- mitted—Mr. n. I,¡ttlle\F,: That is ju'it the f0c1i':on.fr. Evan I>de: a¡p 11 to be con- skvent, .said that a few week > ago the Council took road over, and he iruppoi ted the surveyor, and no cojimittee was up" pointed. The surveyor was there that day, and, so far as he wa-J concerned, it was a-1 proper road lo take over.—Mr. Glyn Jenkins ••-ajil that in that case there \V.H! no report from the sifn eyer, and hence the committee thought it. 1hp;: should visit the locality.—Mr. Gonit" ilam«.'» said they had ether examples. They should tr.fci: it ov'" i,he sitz-veycn- i lie in favour of it.—Mr. L. N..Powell: The point that we have to decide ji¡: J" there ;0 be a comtrittee? if it i- the general wrth of the Council that there ■ hruid be a com- mittee. let u.s Lav,' i:n' otherwise let ',i' have a repoit irom the surveyor. 1 know the road, and, personally," h,t-e no desire for a committee. If we r.te going to have a committee there is no liee(I to discuss it further.—Mr. J. L. William*: Would it not be well to have a rule that all roads should be inspected by the surveyor with a ¡.;¡clll! committee before being Ja;c!¡ by tile Couti,ei, i' h c following wor? appointed < the committee:—Lord Dynevor. Rev. J. Thompson Jenkins, and Molars Evam Davies, J. Richards, W. Lewis, and L. N. Powell. ),1 r. L. S. Powell kindly offered to take a few in his car at the close of the business, end asked Mr. J. L. Williams to take some too, which he agreed. Brechfa Road Repairs. With regard to repairs to Breehfa-road, in reply to a letter from the Clerk, the I ?:itin?rofthcHn.fodls? W(;ik' WIT,tuI stating that the matter would have atten- tiuli. I Pollution of Brooks. The Clerk said he had written as directed to SUUIA of the colliery companies Vi nil reference to th~> pollution of water. The Manager cf the Tirydail Colliery wrote stat- ing that the cbal washings from the colliery were not allowed to run into adjacent water courses The Emlyn Colliery Co. wrote to state that they had a pond to retain any material, and if w.ts cleared cut as often as necessary, and the surveyor v.ra, welcome to visit the place.—Mr. Evan Davies: We have had complaints from the inspector. Mi. Evan Jones (inspector) said that- improve- ments had recently been carried out. Alleged Smoke Nuisance at Ffairfach. At the last meeting of the Council a com- plaint was received with referenco to the nuisance caused by the smoke from the chimney ot the butter factory at rfairiach. jsince then, in accordance with instructions, the clerk had written to the Co-Operative Society, and had received a reply, in .[lie!! they stottd that the whole matter of build- ing a longer chimney behind |he premises would come before the committee on Mon- day next, and in the meantime tav cuid be taken with regard to the. consumption of coal. At the same time they wished to in- form the Council that at the request of all the ten-nits of the houses round about the factory, the company went to n. consider- able expense in increasing thaheight of the chimney, and since then nrl Amplain,s i ,d been made at the factory. Therefore, t) cy considered the objection had been re ovv1 until they had received the clerk's letter.— Mr. h N Powell failed 10 -e I w I i- e lengthening of the chimney would abate the nui-aii.ee.—The Inspector said it was a question of too much pressure on the boiler. He had seen the manager, end a promise was then made that the matter would ie seen to.—Mr. L. N. Powell said he himseit had seen the smoke issue in a dense and dirty column.—The subject then dropped. School Children's Train Conveniences. Mr. Gomer Harries called attention to the inconvenience occasioned to children by the present train arrangements in the Amman Valley. Attention had previously been called to the matter—The Clerk said. he had written calling attention to the subject on mahy occasion^.—Mr. Gomer Harries: I beg to propose we remind them of their duty.— The Clerk: Letvthe school authorities do it. —Mr. Gomer Hurries thought it was the duty of the Council to assist the governors of the school. Under existing conditions the children were put to great inconvenience. They had to wait hours in the morning and in the afternoon. The clerk had suggested that they shoukl write to the school mana- gers asikng them what they were going to do.—Mr. Evan "Davies agreed. He thought the proper rvrithorities to deal with it were the governors of the school. Why ehouhl they meddle with other people's duties? It was the governors who had the greatest in- Rue ce.Or. Gomer Harries: It is our duty to tv and a'ssist the governors in trying to get a better tn ser-vice.-Tlic Clerk ex- plained that it was no good his writing asking them to improve the train service unless he could tell them exactly what they wanted them to do—what extra, trains they required, and the number of children likely to travel by it.-iNtr. Gomer Harries inti- mated tha. he would "upply those particu- lars. National Registration. The Clerk reported that the work of re- gistration was well in hand. He was very glad to say that he had of voluntary assist- ants from 15 to 20 every day, and even more. The majority of them were school teachers who ha-u given up their holidays to help in the work. They included headmasters and assistant teachers. They wouid be going back to school cm Monday, and he would have to look for fresh helpers; but the bulk of the work had been done, and be had Bo doubt that he would be able to get it completed by scheduled time.—The (.hair- man: If you paid my train fare I wouldn't mind coming up one d?y. (Laughter.)—Th& Clerk said he had received ins. ructions. from headquarters that the certificates (which notIllbered over 20,030) could by ar- rangement be taken in bundles at the post offices, and they would deliver them. This would be a great saving of time, as it would obviate the necessity of putting them in en- velopes, which would havj to be addressed. —Mr..J L. Williams proposed a vote cf thanks to the voluntary helpers.—'The Cleric said they had better defer it until the whole I thing was completed.
THE ALIEN WHO LEFT. A further summons under the 'Aliens' Restriction Order came before the Swan- sea Bench on Monday, when David Clement K«e?, licensee of the (J-o re House, Goat-street, was summoned for failing tu j' notify the prosen-ce of an alipll at his house on August l ltii, and also for failing to enter in the register an the particulars of the alien. Mr. C. 11. l'Íewcoru!)(', Íúr the ddElJdant, aid the man came to the house and said he had reported himself to the police. On the Sunday morning the man left the house without paying his bill, and he had not l'!l seen since. Defendant then im- mediately telephoned to the police, who, however, did not come until Monday. In the first case defendant was fined £5, the second ease being dismissed on pay- ment of costs.
MINERS AND THE HOSPITAL. ———— At the meetings of the anthracite, and western miners, which was held at Swan- sea on Saturday, an appeal was made o.i behalf of the Swansea hospital, bv Mr. Hrghes, the secretary who attended the meetings in company with Mr. T. W. Hughes, of the Dockera' Union*. Mr. Hughes, who explained matters fully, emphasised the fact that the hospital was ahmlt £ 10,000 in debt. He said j there was already a large number of miners subscribing, but he did not think all the miners subscribed. He proposed that a call be made throughout the ladges for the customary Id. per week. This als" referred to all other workers, whom he knew would give. The miners' delegates eventually decided to make 11tp general appeal to the miners for the fvntb j
LORD KAZAN'S PRAISE SPLENDID WORK OF SWANSEA TERRITORIALS IN THE FifcLD. Vinian Stuart, commanding officer of the Sth Welsh J-Jattaiiuii, returned to Lmdoli on Friday, after spending a few days' holiday with his? taiuny in Scotland. Cardiff"" pc ¡Hll., r mem ).>('1', ,Ill) was 'ift- eoinpatiled* uy Ins j [holiday immensely, for lie obtained a wel- j I come relaxation allnd the delightful sur- i poundings ot his t\cottish .a1;. Lord A'inian will leave London to-morrow morn- | ing to re-join his regiment. At his residence in Bryanston-square he gave au interesting interview on the vairk ot the 6th Welsh during the ten months they have been in France. lIe spoke with tHide of tlieir commenoable devotion to duty. At all times," lie said. the men have acted iu a manner j worthy of Welshmen, and even when can- fronted with duties which would have damped the ardour of most of us they have j displayed splendid resolution—indeed, SUih a spirit which has given ine, as their commam.^r, ti>«> greatest confidence. | So I take it," remarked the inter- liie-t the men are quite happy n TIlt,) are quite happy," replied Lord Vinian. Do you know," he added, "tlia t, when they feel a little of the effects of long waiting perhaps in the trenches they commence iu sing with great buoyancy. And what do they .sing" was asked. They sing all .sorts of Welsh songs, i which, after all, is characteristic of "Welsh- men, and they have one favourite song. Oh my, they shout, I don't want to clie, I want to go home to Blighty,' which, of course, means England. :0, the frienrl; oi the tith Welsh can rest assured that my meu are happy. Trsmendous Workers. Lord Xinian proceeded to narrate the experiences of ilia t.ih Welsh after their arrival m France. "We landed on Octo- be; 23; ii," ho remarked, "and were the second Territorial Battalion to arrive, the first batraiio.i not actually Regular troajis, being the London Scottish. After larding I was at headquarters with one d.v.ible company, and later the men wore sent up to the railheads. The bat- talion," add pel Lord Xmian, "worked exceedingly hard, a fact vhich you will appreciate when I say that they worked | sometimes for three or four days \ithOUtI hardly any sleep, unloading trains con- taining every conceivable thing from coal to shells. T supose they did more irom the point of view of supply than anyi other section, exci-pt the motor lorry j drivers, io the whole Fxpeditionary I'orce. I he proof of the podding is in the eaiing, for when we left a certain man dame up to me, remarking. 'It has conio at last. I'm —- if we know what we are going to do now.' You cannot possibly imagine," added Iris lordship, "the magnificent way n which those men worked throughout on a job which was very uncomfortable in its heartrending I work, the results of which we never saw. It was a class of work which soldiers when at home would have regarded as ITI(i that t is the fine thing about it. The only thing the men did grouse about was that they could not get to the front. Severe Course of Trainino. Now let me tell you what happened afterwards. On the 1st January wo were removed to air excellent training ground. fei-e tlio hattalina went tllrough a course of training Vhich I, as a commander, would never have thought the men would have undergone, hut it only shows what stuff the men are made of. They went through it splendidly. I have been in France for ten months as commander of the battalion, and I cannot conceive any battalion commander hoping to get better men under him. There is no word which I can possibly use to describe their excel- lency for, indeed, you cannot imagine more eager men, more loyal, and, what is more, I do not believe there is a single man who would allow me to go in front of him. They all want to go on. No com- mander has a more peaceful time than I, from the point of view of worrying on ac- count of the men. I am not unmindful 'of my fellow-officers. They are all good. I am referring more narticularly to the men. because, after all, they have the hardest task to perform." po I n the Trenches. Jjord Aimati gave some interesting de- [ tails of the experiences of the 6th Wel?h when in the trenches around the battle- ground of Hill 60. We went to the trenches," he remarked, "on July 5tli. | It was about lieri) that we had to undertake work which everybody hates and loathes. It is digging trenches at night. There are always more bullets about the a, becau.?e the front trenches have parapets, while the others have not. At the present moment, however, we have what the men call a cushy ? part because it is quiet, and here again they have been absolutely splendid. We have been very lucky, too, for up to the time when I left our casualties were very few. Thoy might have been more, when you con- sider that some large shells came into the trenches the other day and only wounded three men." Equally interesting is Lord Ninian's i, Loi- d N narrative of a medium by which the Germans attacked some of the men at night. One of the officers came to me one night," remarked his lordship, and said a curious noise was heard coming from a hays-tack while the carrying parties were on duty. These carrying parties have to take wire, food, night rests, and everything that is wanted in the trenches. When they passed this haystack they heard a weird cry, followed immediately by a hail of bullets. The officer thought that it was a spy giving the signal. The next morning I was returning from my tour of the trenches, which I generally make about three or five o'clock, and I heard this cry. True enough, bullets came in three or four minutes after. But I recognised the cry, and when the general was talking to me a few hours later—for he comes nearly every morning to talk about things—I told him the story of the call.' Before I finished the general laughed, and I laughed too, because I knew what the cry was. It was the cry of an old cock pheasant, and when any- one passed the old bird was disturbed. And, of course, he helped the Germans, for when they heard his cry they knew we were about. a Let me tell you again about our sniper. His name is Corporal Ilnghes, who has come in sixth for the King's Prize at Bis- ley. lIe is quite an expert, and has been provided with a telescopic-sight rifle. I wellt down one morning and asked him what he thought of it. Is it working all right?' I asked. < Ye- replied Hughes, I saw one German over the parapet and hit him., and when four others tried to pull him in I got the lot.' « I will give you another instance of the bravery of these fellows, and what sacrifices they are prepared to make to resuce a fallen comrade. The other (lay some of the men were working in front of a trench fixing up barbed wire. One man was hit, I believe, in the leg. -V-sllen the bullets came whizzing about the corporal who was in charge of the party, im- mediately ordered the men back into the trenches behind the parapet, but as they were returning one of the men noticed that a pal had been hit. He rushed back to assist him, but he was also hit very' badly. The corporal also returned, ban- I daged the first man, and then pro- ceeded to attend to the second. but the first young --fellow, who I was more in the open, raised him- self, and* was liit in the head. The corporal realised what had happened, and he succeeded in returning to the ti-vucnes I nntoucbN1. But the episode did not end j there. They wanted to get at those young j fellows, so they started digging under the sandbags. There was an oificer nd tllree men working in the trench. The ser- geant, who was in front, dug through hnJf-wav. p.nd these two men called out. He suddenly jumped out for them, and was shot as he was running. But lie had done his duty. It is this spirit that has given the men courage in all their work. -ell t j lc, in When a man is ill they sing. After a long march they sing, and that is why they shout. Oh, my. I don't want to die, f w-aiit to go liorrie.' Lord Nintan spent most of the day rai- ding upon las friends. He assured the in- terviewer that it would give him much pleasure if time permitted him to journey to Cardiff, hut on this occasion that was impossible. I should have been de- lighted to see my Cardiff friends." rp- marked Lord Ninian, but my military duties make it necessary for me to rejoin my regiment at once. Cardiff, I am sure, will be interested in the work of the men. Indeed, they a,re a credit to us."
HOW SIXTH WELSH FARE. (Passed by Censor.) On Saturday evening Lord Ninian Crichton Stuart returned to his duties after spending a few days' leave with his family in Scotland..Before departing our London representative was enabled to have a cJwt, with Cardiff's officer M.P., in which Lord Ninian gave an interesting account of the doings of the titli Battalion Welsh Regiment, 01 which he is the com- manding otficer. Up to last Sunday, he said, their casualties had only been eight filled and II thirty wounded, including two oiiicers. This, Lord i\Í illian thought, was very lucky, considering how other battalions had suffered. T|io men appeared to be very happy considering their position, and occupied their long periods of wait- ing by singing all the Welsh songs they could think of- Lord Ninian was asked how his men were off for comforts, etc., and he was loud in hits praise of friends at home. They have been simply marvellous," lie said; "the wants of the men in the way of comforts have been anticipated in every way. Every single thing which was written for has come to hand at once, and as far as I know, nothing is wanted, ex- cept perhaps writing paper, which they are always glad of." Lord Ninian said his men seemed always to be writing home, which was a good thing; it kept them occupied when they were forced to I be inactive. Each man and officer of the Oth Welsh has an emblem sewn on his shoulder, taking the form of the colours of the regiment, and arising out of this Lord Ninian related an amusing story. Lately. lie said, they had been close to the German trenches, and the other day, when, the enemy saw the Welsh take their place in the trenches, some cf them shouted across, What is the name of that new battalion which has joined you wearing a ribbon on their shoulders?"! The reply went back, "They are Canadian sliarpsitooters, and you had better be careful." Speaking generally, Lord Ninian thought the war was going on very satis- factorily. and the Allies were working in perfect unison, and from what he had se?n. things were working very smoothly. ?But/' added Lord Ninian, it stands to reason that we ought to nnish this thing off as soon as possible. We do not want to stay out there for years and years, although we are perfectly happy. There is only one way to finish this war." added Lord Ninian, and that is to kill the Germans off. To attain this end, wo must have plenty of stuff to throw at the Ger- mans and plenty of men to throw the stuff at them."
FOREIGNERS IN THE MINES. I On Satuidiy the monthly meeting of the Anthracite Miners' Association was held at Swansea, under the presidency of Mr. D. Walters, J.P., Abercrave, supported by Messrs. J. D. Morgan and John James (agents) and delegates representing 15,000 miners. A deputation attended from the International and Abercrave Collieries with regard to the employment of foreigners at the mines, and complained that colliery owners were still introducing Spaniards and Portuguese, who could neither understand Welsh nor English. The deputation pressed upon the meeting to use it3 influence to get the Miners' Federation of Great Britain to adopt some measures to prevent colliery owners employing foreign workmen. In the course of the discussion it was stated that the employment of foreigners was causing considerable disquietude in the Swansea Valley, and that it is increasing. Mr. John J^iaes, the agent, some twelve months ago had to deal with this question, and it was stated he had obtained a pro- mise from the owners that no further con- tingents of foreigners should be brought, but lately a large number have been im. ported ayain. The meeting instructed the agents to adopt any oouree that it is possible in order to put a stop to this employment of foreign- ers. In all probability the matter will now be brought before the Miners' Federation of Great Britain and the Government.
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CABINET COMMITTEE* SITTING. The "ofews or thr World," whose proprietor, Sir George Kiddell, is inti- rmlihY associated with Ministerial cucles, gave special prominence oil butt- j dv to tuc following statement it is common knowledge that a Cabinet Committee has been sitting 101 the past few weeks for the purpose of inquiring into the question of n.,ruitillg and enlistment. involved in this .inquiry has been the question of National Service, or the establishment of some quota, system such as that which, obtains in Soutli Africa. Under this 6,\ st<:nl each locality is called upon to provide a certain number of men. If are supplied voluntarily no further tetion is taken, but if the quota is not I'M theouiing then the Government has power to intervene and take the men it requires. It is said that in no single j oaso has it been naoessury for the South. African Government to use these, powers The, Cabinet Committûí: WhlCh has j hcxni considering these vital questions j consists of Lord Selborne (chairman), Crewe, Mr. Winston Churchill, Mr. j Austen Chandler?ain. Lord Cur:.on, and Mr. Arthur Henderson. EV1(leHe ha; been taken from tilei heads of various Government depart-j nveiits, and the report of the Com- mittee, which is anxiously awaited, is now being prepared It is rumoured that Loul Kite head- is now very much impressed with the (difficulty o< seeurine men who are not [engaged in the munition and export trades which are absolutely essential to the welfare of the community- At the present time skilled workers are being e::listad, "while- bank and insurance cletks shop assistants, and other6, whose places might well be filled by women cr older ihe t, are being left to carry on their as if there were no war. It is not now a question of gifting soldiers; the difficulty is to enlist men who can best be spared. If the South African precedent is followed this difficulty will he overcome."
SIP, ALFRED MOND EXPLAINS HIS I POSITION. Writing to the"Daih-Chronicle," the Hight Hon. Sir Alfred Mond, Bart., M.l\, says:— i notice that you attribute the resigna- tion of my directorship of the Westmin- eter Gazette, Ltd.. to my conviction that a system of compulsory national service is rapid'ly becoming a necessity in the mili- tary organisation of this country in order sucessfully and speedily to terminate the war. As your statement may leave the impression that it was authorised by me. I wish to point out that I have given no authority for the same, and that it must, be taken as an inference drawn by you upon your own lesponsibility. At the same time it is quite true that I have with some reluctance come to tbp conclusion, in which I am not alone in Liberal circles both in and outside the House of Commons, that we require a properly organised compulsory service. The data for forming an opinion on this question are, owing to the lack of official information, not as definite as is to be de- sired, but I think sufficient general infor- mation exists to demonstrate that the present system is unjust, inefficient, es pensive, and will prove incapable of pro- ducing the very large body of men which will obviously be required to carry this war tor a victorious issue. I am strengthened in my opinion by the fact which you announce that a Cabinet Com- mittee is inquiring into the subject. From this I infer that the subject is re- garded as one of practical and almost im- mediate importance, as it is not conceiv- able that over-worked Ministers arc con- ducting a merely aeach'lulc inqlli roY' I It would be interesting to know on what principle the evidence is being taken, and whether any of those engaged 1 in conducting the industries of the country have been asked to give their views. May I say how much I any many other good Liberals regret that in a question of 6ticli importance, which ought to be dealt with as impartially as possible, our atti- tude should be represented as merely the outcome of an agitation by a certain clique (newspapers. This is felt to be very uniair by many of us who are advo- cating a policy which is not congenial to a number of our political friends because, after careful reflection, we are convinced that it is our duty to do 60 at the present juncture.
FULLER, V.C. I A Tribute to Heroism. I At a meeting of the Swansea School Attendance and industrial School sub- committee, on Monday, Mr. J. I'owles- land presiding, the industrial school superintendent (Mr. W. David) IöC- pcrted that three boys had IVen ad- mitted to the school since his last re- port. Two boys had been discharged, and the total now in the school was GG. The three camp at l'arkmill proved a success, the boys thoroughly enjoying themselves. The day before breaking up they were entertained to a cake tlJ., fruit and sweets by Mr. and Mrs. Edwards. Parkmill. The report was adopted, and a vote of thanks passed to Mr. and Mrs. Edwards. An excellent report of the school had ix-en received from H.M. Inspector. The brass tablet which commemorates tli,, award of the Victoria Cross by his Majesty King George V.. to William Fuller, an old pupil ot the Swansea Industrial School, was laid on the table ( members.' inspection. Lance- corporal Fuller's heru c deed ie recorded 011 the tablet, as follows:— His Majesty tho Kingr has been graciously pleased to approve of the grant of the Victoria Cross t, the under- mentioned non-commissioned officer for conspicuous bravery while serving in the Expeditionary Force: No. 7753 Lance-corporal Win. Fuller, 2nd Batt., the Welsh Regiment, for con- spicuous gallantry, on the 14th Septem- ber, 1914, near Chivy, on the Ai-sne, by advancing about 100 yards to pick up Captain Haggard, who was mortally wounded, and carrying him back to cover under very heavy rifle fire and nie chine-gun fire. The tablet will be placed on one of the walls of the Industrial- School.
AMMANFORD MOTHER'S REFORM. Inspector Idris Jones, of the N.S.P .C.C. applied at Ammanford Police Court on Monday that tlid" child of David Henry Thomas and Mary Ann Thomas, Belle Vue, l'enygroes, be now returned to them. He recalle dthat nine months ago, the Bench found the female defendant to be not a fit and proper person to be in charge of the child, which was then three weeks old, and they made an order to the effect that it be handed over to Mrs. Hilton, California Htyase, Penygroee. He (the officer) had kept observation since, and found the woman had reformed, and there was now no objection to the return of the child. He therefore asked for a revoca- tion of the order. Mrs. Thomas went into the box, and said she was now a teetotaler, having signed the pledge 13 weeks ago. The Magistrates acceded to the request of the Inspector, who said he would etill exercise supervision for a while.
PIGEONS, BUT NO PERMIT. I At Ammanford Police Court on Mon- day—before Messrs. William Llewellyn (in the chair) and Thomas Morris- William Lloyd, a young man, of Brynlloi- road, Glanamman, was proceeded against for a breach of the Defence of the liealn* Act by keeping three homing pigeons without a permit. Defendant said he did not know that a permit was required. Deputy Chief Constable Evans said the regulations had been circulated in the district, and also that it would be stated in evidence that defendant bought these pigeons from a person who was already in possession of a permit, and in that case it was natural to assume that this person would have explained matters to defendant. P.S. Richards said lie had seen a pigeon loft at the bottom of the garden of the defendant's house containing Three hom- ing pigeons. Defendant, asked if he had a permit, replied, I didn't know that it was required till I was told .by John Henry Hughes after you called." At the court defendant had nothing to say. It was stated by the Deputy Chief Con- stable that defendant was liable to six months' imprisonment. The Chairman said that was the first case of the kind that had come before them, and they did not want to be hard on defendant. At the same time they wished to give him warning, and to warn others that pigeons must not be kept without a permit. v J* fine of 9s. was imposed.
SWANSEA MATRICULATION SUCCESSES. The following boys from the Swansea Municipal Secondary School have, by their excellent results in the recent Senior Oxford Local Examination, been exempted from the London Matriculation examinations: Leslie Abraham, Harold Jones, George Price, George Washer, Trevor M R. Williams. To obtain this exemption candidates must pass in certain prescribed subjects, including a paper in general English literature, and must obtain first or se- cond class honours. These boys will now be able to enter for the London Inter- mediate Arts Examination in June next.
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SWANSEA SCHOOL ACCOM MODA. TION. Mr. J. Devonald presided at the meet- ing of the Sub-Building Committee of thu Swansea fducation authority on Monday. It was reported that consideration had been given to the question of providing better accommodation for some of the children attending Baptist Well School. The Board of Education were 07 oninion that it was not necessary to make tem- porary additions to the school. Two offers had been made to the sub- committee, one from St. Martin's Church and the other from Hill Congregational Chapel. The former had offered their schoolroom for X30 per annum, and tho latter theirs for £ ?>j. The Church premises were mgre convenient and the newer. Whichever offer they decided to accept, they would, have to erect conveniences. Mr. David Griffiths suggested that another schoolroom might 'meet the re- quirements of the committee, and advised. adjourning the discussion to make inquiries. It was, however, pointed out that the Board of Education had asked that th,) matter should be decided at once in view of the fact that 70 to SO children were at present being excluded from the school. Eventually, on the motion of Mr. Ivor Gwynne, it was decided to accept the offer of the Church School authorities. It was stated that the caretaker of the PeRtrepoeth Council Schools had for soma time pressed for the provision of a back entrance to his house. A letter was now read from Messrs. Thomas and Jones offering to allow the caretaker to use a back entrance on payment of sixpence a week. The Chairman: Sixpence a week? Ex- pensive Our caretakers aro getting really expensive. It was decided not to accept the offer.
WHY THE LIGHT WAS VISIBLE. A summons brought by two special con- stables under the Light Restriction Order was heard at Swansea on Monday, when Mr. J. R. Davies, the occupier of No. 7, Brynmill-crescent, Swansea, was sum- moned for failing to obscure all lights in or about his house, which faces the sea. Special Constable J. Hacking said lie was with Special Constable Saunderi>ou. near the Slip on July 21th, when they saw a light from the direction of Bryn- mill-crescent. They visited the house and knocked, to be answered by somebody whom it was too dark to recognise, and who told them they could do as they pleased with regard to reporting the matter. Mr. Daviee explained that his nephew, a doctor in practice in Cardiff, was stay- ing at the house, and he was not aware of the Order as to lights. The Bench dismissed the case' on pay- ment of costs.
Members of cyclist clubs affiliated to the National Cyclists' Union to the number oi 2,000 have been recruited for the Army, and tiOO others have joined the Army Cy- clist Corps.