LATEST WAR NEWS FRENCH AIR SQUADRON'S I FINE WORK. I SHELL FACTORY ATTACKED. GAINS ON LAND AND SEA I ANOTHER GERMAN SUBMARINE SUNK PARIS, Thursday. The following official com- munique was issued to-day:— In Artois, around Souchez and Neuville, there was can- nonading and fighting with petards and grenades during part of the night. In the region of Roye, the activities of the artillery on both sides is always of a marked character In the Argonne, in the sec- tion of Lan-lnlle-Morte, there was fairly fierce fighting with bombs and grenades. There is nothing of import- j ance to report on the rest of the front. During the day of August 24th, one of our aeroplanes bombarded the railway station at Oft'envourd, an important junction in the Grand Duchy of Baden. On August 25th a squadron of four groups, comprising 62 aeroplanes, flew over the fur- naces of Dillingen—a factory for the making of shells and steel plates—to the north of Sarrelouis, upon which were thrown with precision over 150 shells, including, 30 of heavy calibre.
BRITISH OFFICER'S DARING ACT. I The Secretary of the Admiralty issued the following announcement on Thursday evening:— Squadron Commander Arthur W. Bigs- worth, R.N., destroyed single-handed a German submarine this morning by bcmbs dropped from an aeroplane. The submarine was observed to be completely I wrecked and sunk eff Ostend. It is not the practice of the Admiralty to publish statements regarding the losses of German I submarines, important though they have been, in cases where the enemy had no further source of information as to the time and place at which such losses have occurred. In the case referred to above, however, the briliiant feat of Squadron Commander Bigsworth was performed in the neighbourhood of the coast in the occupation of the enemy, and the position of the sunken submarine has been located by a German destroyer. lit
THE FIGHT FOR THE RIDGE TOPS I IN GALLIPOLI. Press Bureau, Wednesday. It is now* possible to give a further account oi the important operations which have been in progress since August 6th on the western extremity of the Gallipoli Peninsula. These comprise two separate lines of «track, the first from the old Anzac, posi- tion, which was principally delivered by the Australian and New Ze&Iaad troops, and the second from the new landing at fc-t via Bay, in which a fresh army was employed. A:i attack was also made in conjunc- tion with the above from Cape Helles to- wards Krithia. Very severe and continuous fighting, with heavy losses to both sides, has re- 6u 1 fed. Our forces have not yet gained the ob- jectives at which they were aiming in either sphere, though they ha v.? rr ade a decided advance towards them and have greatly increased the area in our posses- sion. The Crest Won. I The attack from Anzac, after a series of desperately contested actions, was carried to the summit, of the Sari Bahr and Chunuk Bahr ridges, which are, the domi- xiating positions in thus area, but, owing to the fact that the attack from Suda did aiot make the progress which was counted on, the troops from Anzac were not able to i) aintain their actual crest line, ;.nù, after repeated counter-attacks, were forced to withdraw to a position clo&e below :t. These positions have been consoll Uted effectively. The attack from SuvIa wag II.A de- veloped quickly enough, and. as already recounted in the War Office commuuique of the 19th inst., war, brought to a stand- still after an advance of about two miles And a half. The ground gained by both attacks was, however, sufficient to enable their lines to be connected along a front of more than twelve miles. Further reinforcements having arrived, R renewed attack was made on the 21st on the centre of this new extended line. The Anzac left was successfully ad- vanced about three-quarters of a mile, and system of strong knols and under fea- tures secured. Trenches Stormed. I On the rest of the battle front the ad- vanced Turkish trenches wera stormed, and all the divisions engaged reached fcoints on the slopes and spurs of the hills which formed the enemy's centre, bur after several "hours of sharp fighting they I "4're unable to gain the summit, and the bktermediate positions in this pwt of tins line not being capable of permanent de- fence, they weiv. withdrawn to their original front. The great power of defensive under fcodern conditions accounts for the diffi- culties of the troops once the advantage Dr a surprise has been lost. In close fighting, which, with varied fortune and repeated attacks and connfcer- fcttacks, attended all phases of these battles, the losses inflicted upon tlie fcnemy are undoubtedly much Ifccarvier lien than our own. The ground gained and held is of great value, but these farts must not lead the public to suppose the true objective has been gained, or that further serious and costly efforts will not be required before a decisive victory is won.
AN OFFICER'S DARING DEED. An example of British submarine daring ) in the Sea of Marmora is quoted by the « Temps from the Hestia." According to the Athens paper, an English officer wearing Turkish uniform and speaking the Turkish language one day recently al)peared in Pera. where he made purchases of provisions to the value of £2(10. He had them taken to Galn.ta and put on board a boat in which he also em- barked. The boatman asked where he should go. Threatening him with his revolver, the Englishman told the boat- man to make all speed for the Isle of I Oxia. At +he island a British submarine was waiting for him. rfHli
GREAT PRESSURE ON BRET I LITOWSK. Pet rograd, We(lnesday.-The following official communique from the Russian Headquarters is issued here to-day:— In the district of Riga there has been no change in the situation. In the direc- tion of Jakobstadt. and Dvinsk westwards fighting continues approximately on the same front. In the direction of Vilna yesterday the I enemy only delivered isolated attacks on the front north-west of Evie, which were repulsed. On the middle Niemen our troops operat- ing on the, left hank are gradually con- centrating towards the river. On the front between the Bobr and the Bre.st Litowsk district the enemy con- tinues to exercise the greatest pressure on the sectors of our positions west of the forest of Bielovege, between the Bielsk road and the station of Gasnovka and Vysso Litowsk and Prushani. I
REPORTED FALL OF BREST- I L I TOVSK. A Eeuter's telegram on Thursday even- ing :ays :-A German official announce- ment states that Brest Litowsk has fallen. [Brest-Litovsk is a strongly fortified town of Russian Poland, on the Bug, 122 miles E.S.E. of Warsaw.]
RUSSIAN SHELL CRISIS OVER. I The Special Correspondent of the "Daily Chronicle" at Petrograd, on the authority of the President of the Duma Defence Committee, makes the important announcement, that (fce shell crisis in Russia is over and that the supply of munitions has been doubled. The enemy is attempting, in the Brest- Litovsk and Grodno districts, to envelop the Russians, who are, however, resisting with magnificent spirit. Both Berlin and Vienna last night claimed important advances, including a success before Brest, as a result of which the Russians were driven back "to the fortress girdle."
ONLY FIVE MEN LEFT. I Petrograd, Wednesday.—Five sailors, the sole survivors of the crew of 135 of the gunboat Sivouteh, have arrived at Reval. They say that the Sivoutch fought a German cruiser and two torpedo boats for an hour and-a-half. The very last shell fired by the gunboat as she was sink- ing was fatal to one of the enemy's torpedo boats, which the survivors, when they were in the sea clinging to a portion of the gunboat's mast, saw enveloped in flames and then disappearing under water.-Reuter.
NOVO GEORGI EVSK GARRISON. I Petrograd, Thursday.—'The "Rtch" h informed that the garrison of Novo Georgievsk in the last state of defence did not exceed one division. The greater part. of the garrison was withdrawn during the bombardment. The number of survivors if. unknown, but can only be small. I It is stated the commander of the gar- rison, General Bomyr. was seriously wounded just. before the fall of the fort- ress. The Bourse Gazette, writing on the same subject, states that consider- ably less than one army corps remained I in Novo Georgievs k garrison. if
HOW THE SIVUTCH WENT DOWN. I Tletror,at, Wednesday.—Five sailor's, the sole survivors of the crew of 135 pf the gun- boat Sivutch. have arrived at Roval. They say that the Sivutch fought a German cruiser and two torpedo-boats for an hour and a half The very last shell fired by the Sivutch as she was sinking was fatal to one of the ene my's torpedo-boats, which the sur- vivors, when they were i i the ea clinging to a portion of their gunboat mast, saw en- veloped in flames, and then disappear under water.-Press, Association War Special.
GERMANY CONCEAL TRUTH OF I RIGA ACTION. The Gorman Wireless Press issues the following under date August 25th (de- layed):- A reliable souroe reports that the Russian and English papers are circu- lating reports regarding operations in the Bay of Riga between the 15th and 16th of August, resulting in the dispersion of the German fighting Iorcoo. which are. cou- trary to the truth. Without going into particulars of the Russian lies, we affirm that the German sea fighting forces found light Russian forces only in the Bay of Riga, which were partly destroyed and partly driven off. There is no question of a large sea battle. There were no German losses, except those published in the official report. No large 6hip and no cruiser has been sunt or seriously damaged. All Russian re- ports to the contrary are invented. The allegfd attempt to land at Pernau has not been made at all. A German torpedo-boat flotilla which a?p?ajed there served the purpose of covering the blQ('k-1 ade of the harbour. During the artillery i battle with the Russian army and field batteries the harbour battery was silenced and a field battery was successfully bom- barded. A Russian steamer and six Russian sailing vessels were seized and eunk. The ships alleged to have been captured by the Russians are steamers which we sunk for the purpose of blockading the navigable channel. [In the German official report of the Riga battle alluded to above, it is stated: Three of our torpedo-boats were damaged by mines. One of them eank. one ran ashore, and one was towed into port. Our losses of life were small." They also claimed that a Russian torpedo-boat and two gun- boats and a large ship were 6eriously damaged. ]
i«p i ANOTHER GERMAN CRUISER GONE. I Parie, Wednesday.-The German losses in the Gulf of Riga are., estimated as fol- lows by the French naval experts: Sunk.-Dreadnought cruiser Moltke, light cruiser Thetis (2,600 tons), an auxi- liary cruiser; and 3 destroyers. Seriously damaged.—Five other de- stroyers. In addition confirmation has been re- ceived of the sinking by a Russian sub- marine in the Baltic, north of Dantzig, two days ago, of the German cruiser t Augsburg (4,500 tons. ) [The Augsburg was of the Ivolberg ) class ^1909). She had » displacement of ) 4-,350; carried a complement of 362 men. was armed with 12 4.1 guns. 4 5-poiin. ders, and 4 machine guns, and had a speed of 25 knots.]
THE TSAR'S WILL. Paris, Thursday.—M. Jean Cruppi, former Minister of Justice, gives an ac- count in the Matin" to-day of an interview which he recently had with the Tear. My reception was of a most cordial description," says M- Cruppi. The Sovereign, after a reign of 21 years, looks quite young and carries himself very modestly, with extreme simplicity, and his welcome was quiet and pleasant. His voice rose firm and clear when he affirmed his will, which is the will of all Russia, to continue the war until the victories have been achieved which are necessary to assure the freedom of Europe and the triumph of right. "Peasants say < ThM and Thou to said the Tsar. 4 Every day I re- ceive addresses from them. Go forward and be firm! they say. We are always be- hind thee.' The Sovereign's tone betrays his emotion," M. Cruppi continues, "when, at frequent intervals he speaks to me in a kindly tone of France, of our heroic Army, and of the mutual feeling of con- fidence which animates the two Allied uations. While the Tsar is speaking thus, the door opens and a beautiful child appears. The Emperor smiles and presents me to the Tsarevitch, who remains beside his father. The picture thus presented gave me an insight into the simple and tender family life at Tsorkne Selo. Towards the close of the audience the Emperor re- ¡ called, in the friendliest manner, Presi- dent Poincare's visit to Russia last year, at the tragic hour when German ambition was preparing to involve the world in war. H. I have always present in my mind,' said the Emperor, 4 the firm language which the President of the Republic ad- dressed to me on July 22, at the moment he was leaving Russia. France,' his Majesty added, may rely upon my un- shakable will to fight on until victory crowns our efforts;'
JEWISH RESTRICTIONS REMOVED. Petrograd, Wednesday.—Imperial sane- tion has been given for the temporary abolition of the Jewish residential restric- tions except in Petrograd and Moscow and in places under the jurisdiction of the Ministries of the Court and of War, pend- ing an examination of the whole question. —Reuter. ————— ————-
THE GERMAN FLEET. I Copenhagen, Tuesday.—I learn from a distinguished Norwegian gentleman (says the" Morning Post. Correspondent), who has just returned from Germany, that at the Vulcan Shipbuilding Yard at Stettin is the cruiser Wiesbaden, which is partly painted in grey, and is now com- pleted. The Germans are building three torpedo boats there. At the Schichau yard, at Dantzig, there is a new cruiser with two funnels, and with a curious bottle-shaped apparatus on the mast- heads, while five small cruisers are being repaired there. They have all lost a mast and one or two funnels. At the Imperial Dock at Dantzig are the hattlhio Elsass, the new armoured cruiser Lutzou, two coast ironclads, and thirteen torpedo boats. My informant learned from information which was confirmed from different sources that the German fleet row pos- sesses fifty-eight submarines and the Baltic fleet thirty vessels, including battleships and large and small cruisers. Six thousand marines from Kiel have arrived on the Eastern front for pioneer I service.
A FALSE STATEMENT. I The Secretary of the War Office for- wards the following for publication. A German newspaper recently pub- lished a statement, alleged to have been I taken from the diary of an English cor- poral, prisoner of war in Germany, in which General Sir Charles Ferguseon is quoted as having stated in an address de- livered to his division on August 20th, 1P14, prior to engaging the Germans, that no quarter was to be given to the enemy. General Sir Charles Ferguseon most emphatically denies that he ever gave utterance to any expression which could bear such an interpretation.
RUGBY AT RUHLEBEN. I It will be news to most of our readers I that among the prisoners of war at Ruhle- ben. Germany, there is a Welsh Rugby football club. At the end of last March, the prisoners were allowed to organise matches, and the Welsh proved their superiority over teams representing Ire- land, Scotland, and the Colonies, but were defeated by England. This season it is proposed to play eight interna- tional games. The acting secretary of the' Rugby Football Club is Mr. D. Jenkins, Barrack 4 Loft, Englander, Ruhleben, and he makes an appeal for Rugby football equipment for the club, and expresses a hope that his countrymen will appreciate that participation in the national game combats the demoralising influence of the life of,mental and physical inaction that an unkind fate has destined for us." Among the prisoners of war in Germany is Ben Davies, the ex-Swansea forward.
BRITISH LINE LENGTHENED. I Paris, Wednesday.—The "Figaro" publishes an account, of a visit to the British front by a contributor, who eays the British Army is in no way inferior to any other Army in the field. I commit no indiscretion," he writes, in stating that the British front has been considerably extended and that Bri- tish batteries have replaced ours at a good many points. These changes were not immediately known by the Germans. One German officer who was made prisoner, on finding himself in front of a British battery, said, 4 What! You here! I felt sure from the accuracy of the firing that this battery was still French/ spoke to a great number of British officers, and the impre&sion left on my mind was that of a very united, intelligent and hard-working body, very well up in military matters. There is but one soul in this Army, which is animated by a proud and simple spirit of patriotism, a furious hatred of the German, and a very noble ambition to take a greater part in the battle/' The Huge British Army. M. Pichon, ex-Minieter for Foreign Affaim continuing in the "Petit Journal" an account of his visit to the British front, says: "It is certain that at first eight the rapid formation of a huge British Army might appear impossible and the diffi- culties almost insurmountable, but Bri- tish tenacity has overcome them. It has been a huge task involving enormous ex- penditure, a method and co-ordination of effort without pause or limit, and a will which would not bend before any ob- stacle. That i6 exactly what has happened. The new Army is in being and is now on our soil, with all the requisite services provided and equipped in a manner which excites our admiration. It has often been said that the Britisher is slow to move, but once he has come to a decision he goes forward with an energy and resolution which are altogether incomparable. The Germans fully rccognise this and are well aware of the invincible force against which they are hreainn? themse lves; that 1 is the chief reaspn for their kate/r- Reuter. ?
NATIONAL SERVICE, WHAT IT 1 MEANS. Mr. L. S. Amery, M.P., contributes to the "Times" of Thursday an important article upon the meaning and the neces- sity for National Service. Mir. Ajnery states the case for National Service simply. It is this: If our Govern- ment is prepared at once to make use of the whole manhood of this country, and systematically organise it for the purpose of this war, we can still make certain of victory; if not, we shall certainly drift to defeat or to a scarcely less disastrous stalemate. And he reminds us that the success of the Allied cause now depends more than ever upon Greet, Britain, be- cause we alone possess large unutilised resources of men and material. We Must Decide at Once. I We must decide at once, for unless the additional output of munitions, over and above all that has been ordered already, is ordered and put in hand immediately, there is not the slightest chance of put- ting the force required into the field next summer. Moreover, there are moral reasons no less cogput than business ones for a prompt decision. Are we to leave France and Russia to face the coming winter with no assurance that a supreme effort. to secure victory will be made next year? If stale- mate is the only prospect, why should our Allies double and treble the sacrifice of blood and treasure they have already made rather than consider the terms Ger- many will always be readv to offer them for standing aside and leaving her a free hand to deal with us? Can we afford to I give even the faintest shadow of justifica- tion to the. German taunt that we mean to I fight to the last drop of French blood? Compulsion and Our Trade. I Mr. Amery, dealing with the argument that National Service is "against the genius of our people," answers, in effect, tht unless we win, the genius of onr Xieople will in future find very little scope for expression. Then he proceeds to meet another argument: that our posi- tion in the war differs from that of our Allies, and that, we must beware of in- juring our export trade lest it becomes i rticult to finance the Allied cause; in other words, that we must fifight. at less than our maximum strength in order to produce more exports. He answers that a system of compulsion must be so de- vised that it does not withdraw men im- peratively required in trades essential to the prosecution of the war; and that it is the voluntary system that has thrown our industries into confusion, because it has drawn men indiscriminately from all trades and callings, without considering whether their occupations were of assist- ance to the war or not. Knowledge versus Confusion. Compulsory service is efficient because it is based on knowledge. The number of men available i5 known and all arrange- ments can be made with promptitude and certainty. The men are always available and therefore need not be called upon till they are wanted. Voluntary sendee means enlisting men when you do not want, them and oanaot. arm them for fear that when you do want them you may not be able to got them. In other words, it means more interference with industry and more hardship to individuals. Farther, while compulsory service selects men from the industries where they can be spared, the moral press ire of voluntary recruiting works indiscriminately. The recruiting I agents are not out to protect industry, I but to get recruits. How the Levies Would be Obtained. I Mr. Amery demonstrates the methods of National Service. He finds that we have a total of 5,185,000 available for ser- vice out, of 9,000,000 men of fighting--age. This is not much lower in jwoportion than the total for Germany, which has already called up nearly 7.000,000, and probably has another 1,000,000 to draw upon, but considerably lower than the proportion for France. Assuming that eoxnefwhere about 2,500.000 have already joined the Colours since the outbreak of war, that leaves a total still available to draw upon, under -National Service cf 2,68.5,000. Principal of the Levy. The work of arranging for the levies could be done through the Territorial As- sociations, or through special committees established for the purpose. Tb(? prin- ciple of the levy would be fixed by con- siderations of physique, age, married state, and occupation. Thus, the first levy might take all the remaining men up j to a certain physical standard between 19 and 25, and up to 3.5 if unmarried, sub- ject to limitations according to indus- tries and, further, granting fairly easy temporary exemptions where employers or individuals required more time to find or train substitutes. The second levy might take the married up to 35 and the unmarried to 45 and some of tbe in- dustries or individuals held over from the first levy. And so on. In each case, the general principle of the levy having been decided upon, the enlistment officer or committee would consider the appeals of employers or individuals, taking into account the extent. to which works have already been depleted, the class of in- dustry, the special skill or circumstances of the individual for whom exemption was asked, etc. The final lists would then be made out, and those on the ts duly notified and informed of the date by which they are to present themselves and the depot to which they are to proceed. Every one would have plenty of notice I and time to make his arrangements. Pay. National Service must not carry with it a penal clause in the matter of pay. The system, it is argued, would make for jus- tice. because it would solve the difficulties of those men of military age—and they are very many—who have quite honestly refrained from enlisting because they hold that the Government, should first declare and impose equality of obligation. It would regularise the position of men en- gaged in the munitions and shipbuilding industries and in mines, bpcause it would at once become clear that they had re- frained from enlisting by Government direction, but are engaged on work essen- tial for the national purpose.
I 1 i Mr. R. McKenna, Chancellor of the Exchequer,says:— The man, be he rich or poor, is little to be envied who, at 'I this supreme moment, fails to bring forward his savings I for the security of his country." How you can t invest in the War Loan. o- You can still take your share in the great l 41 War Loan through the Post Office. I il If you have saved £5 or more, go to the | Post Office and buy £ & of Scrip Certificates [ or as many of them as you can. These Certifi- cates will be exchanged in any Money Order Office between 1st and 15th December, 1915, for the same amount of 4t War Loan Stock. If you exchange your Certificates for Stock you will get interest at the rate of 5% per annum, or 5d. per j month for each R5 Certificate from the first day of the month after you bought the Certificate until 30th November you will also get a bonus of 1/- for each 95 Certificate that you so exchange into Stock. After 1st December your Stock will bear interest at the rate of 4t% per annum, that is to say that each half year you will get 2s. 3d. for each X5 so invested. j If you have only a few shillings handy go to the Post Office and buy a War Loan Scrip Voucher. You can have either 5s., 10s., or £1 vouchers and you can buy as many as you like. j I Keep them carefully until 1st December when you can exchange each twenty 5s. vouchers for a £5 Stock Certificate. You will also receive the interest your money has earned up to that time, and in addition a bonus of Is. for each 25 of Stock I that you take. Afterwards, as long as you own your Stock, you will receive your interest bn June 1st and December 1st each year. Remember you can at any time sell j vour War Loan Stock at the market price through the Post Office. I, If you cannot see your way to collect j enough vouchers to buy J5 woith of Stock j within the next year, do not buy vouchers but put your money into the Post Office | Savings Bank. Go to the Post Office TO-DAY N
FORTIFIED ALPS. A Swiss guide who was formerly em- ployed for ascents id the Dolomites and Carnic Alps, has just returned from these regions to Grindelwald. He was allowed to circulate freely among the Alpine forts above the snow line on the Austrian side, and gives an interesting acoount of what he saw. The Austrians, says the guide, are changing the face of the mountains all along the Italian frontier by the aid of pneumatic drills and dynamite, with which they are honeycombing the Alps, especially on the Tyrolese and Carnic frontiers. All the parapets on the steep road6, where in former summers tourists in motor-ears passed, have been de- molished by Austrian sappers, in order to allow artillery full play in the event of an Italian attack. Beautiful pine and fir forests have been cut down, for the same reason, leaving the Alpine routes perfectly bare, so that the slightest acci- dent would mean a fall of many thousand feet. Painted White, I Large areas in the Alps ?h"ve b?&n I mined by the Austrians, who. by P= ing a button, can hurl an avalanche of rooks and bomlder-s against-the advancing Italians. An aiaJtx>rate dystem of tele- I phone wires cormects the summits with the valley and headquarters. All the Alpine routes have been mined in several places, to cut off the retreat of an ad- vancing arjiv. To prevent Italian aero- planes locating batteries, the Austrians have painted their guns white. In the higher regions they cover them with snow. On both sides heavy howitzers fire daily over the mountains—which some- times means an elevation of more than 8.000 feet—on the railway and concentra- tion camps. Most of the heavy guns are hidden in caverns, with only a small outlet for the muzzle" of the gun. Some idea may be gained from these statements of the great difficulties which the Italian army is experiencing in its brave advance against the Austrians, who remain on the defensive.
ITALIA NVICTORY: VALLEY HEAD WON. Rome. Wednesday.—The communique issued by the General Staff to-day says:— In the TeDale zone (north-west Tren- tino), after effective preparation by our artillery, our troops on Saturday last captured the head of the Stimo 17al4xl and forced the enemy forces occupying it i to retreat, leaving in our hands eight hut- ments. The enemy at once opened a fierce artillery fire against the conquered posi- tions. and then delivered an infantry attack, supported by machine guns, hut. j was repulsed after sustaining heavy losses. Much ammunition, arms, and various material was captured by us. In the Upper Cordevole the enemy yes- terday tried to damage with artillery fire and bomb throwing our positions on the Col di Lana, towards Dalesei and Agasi, but was effectively countered by our fire, and had quickly to desist. On the Isonzo, especially around Tol- mino, Plava. and on the Carso, the enemy showed great activity against our works. An attempt to repair the railway line pre- viously damaged by us along the Xabre- sina, east of Monfalcone, failed owing to the vigilance of our troops. This morning an Austrian aeroplane flew over Brescia, and, successfully evad- ing the shells of our anti-aircraft guns, threw four bombs, killing six persons and wounding several others, all belonging to the civilian population.—Press Association War Special.
WHERE SWANSEA HEROES LIE. (Passed by Censor). A member of the 6th Welsh, writing home from France, eays H It has oc- curred to me that you might be interested to know how we live and move and have our being now, and of the doings of the Battalion now. Of course the existence up to now has not been marked by any grot happenings, but perhaps you would ca.rf) to know exactly what we are doing. Our Brigade is at present holding a certain very important line of trenches. The usual thing is for the battalion to be in the trenches for seven days, and then; to go back to billets for a rest for a week, The Restina Period. -i The village wbere our billets are situ- ated is about 31 miles behind the trench he&(ii(uarters—and woen the battalion is H resting the men are lodged eithex in huts or, where this is not possible, in bivouacs on some farm. the object being to keep the men as concentrated as pos- sible. I have used the word restirg in the military sense, but when we are ia billets the ordinary regimental routine is carried out as far as possible, and parades are done. The men are. however, allowed as much liberty as possible; foot- ball matches are got up between various unite, and the brigade band—composed from the bands of the various units of the brigade—and sometimes the massed bands pf the division give musical pro- grammes in the village. While on the subject of billets, mention ought also to be made of the facilities afforded for bathing Luxury of a Bath. An important branch of the Army is the sanitary section, and not the least useful part of the work of the section is that connected with the cleanliness of the men. All through the army zone these e-ections have set up bathing places, capable of catering for. on an average. 70 men an hoar, and here the men are able to get rid of the tr<nch mud by means of hot baths. An added advantage i;o that they are supplied with a com- plete change of underclothes and a clean to-nel. I can tell you that this is t lvrury thit is much appreciated, for in the trenches water, except for bare culinary use, is at a premium. Thus you see, it is a transitory life. in and out of trenches, coming and going to billets, never knowing when you are to move, c'r when you may be wanted. Of course, certxin departments are practically stationary in the rest village, I euch as the stor^ and transport, and you may be interested to know how the rations and ammunition, letters, etc., reach the bovs in the firing line. I Charming Surroundings. Near the entrance to the communication trench is the Dump," and to this spot each night are brought, by wagon and timber-cart, the rations, etc. From here, for a short distance the supplies are taken -by pack ponies, and afterwards, when one has to negotiate the communica- tion trench all the transportation is done by means of carrying parties up to the various trenches, where the distribution takes plice. Where our Heroes Lie. In a field adjoining is one. of the brigade graveyards. It is curious to come suddenly across these ordered rows of wel^keot graves, and an examination of the* urial-ground will well justify the claim for it, that it. is one of the best. kept in France or Belgium. Each grave is well turfed, has at. its head a sub- stantial cross bearing the number, rank, and name, and regiment of the deceased, and the date of his death. and on each m< und rererent hand*; have laid wreaths and crosses of flowers and planted ever- greens and blossoms. The little graveyard owes much of its beauty to the interest and care of our colonel, who is most concerned that it 's kept in a proper manner, and his wishes are well carried out. Here lie buried Corpl. Davies, of Maesteg; Ptc. Butcher (a young lad who was the friend of every- oiieV also of Maesteg; Pte. Shoemake, of the Machine Gun Corps; S«rgt. Grigs by, I tes. Moore and Nicbolasv of D Com- panv, and Pie. Footman. A Serene God's Acre. Everyone who comes to headquarters i makes a pilgrimage to the burial-ground, and it is touching to see men who per- haps were only on the barest terms of acquaintanceship with one of the de- ceased place a flower on his grave, or with his clasp-knife, an indelible pencil, and a piece of board, raise some little monu- ment to amplify the cross at the head. It is to be hoped that nothing will hap- pen to dishu'b the order and the serenity of this little (;od's acre." for, with the system of registration in uee, it is an easy matter to identify each grave, and, who knows, perhaps after the war some on" will want to pay a visit to the last resting place of a dear one who hits left hi- body in Pland, but whose soul has gone to swell the glorious company of those who heard the (-all of honour, and ■a ho paid the price of dutv. I am afraid I must have bored you wit ) such a long letter, but I wished to r y your kind enquiries with some account uf I our affairs.
HOW E13 CREW FACED DEATH. Copenhagen. Wednesday.—The latest I accounts of the E 13 crew's last moments, as told by eye-witnesses, reveal one of the most stirring deeds of heroism in British naval history. The story, as told in the simple language of an old fisherman of Dragoer, is doubly impressive. We passed the E 13." he said, on j j Thursday morning in our boats, and coul a easily have taken ail the crew on boarc and brought them ashore, but thej politely declined our proffered assistance I A little later in the forenoon, we savi German torpedo boats approach, and w< began to think matters looked serious. « The British had launched their boattsi but suddenly we heard sharp words oi command and the sounds of whistles, and the few men who had got into the boats immediately scrambled back on the E 13L The vessel was listing slightly. < I saw the crew quietly resuming theit places on the deck, and some of them calmly began playing cards and other games. I particularly noticed two young i sailors playing chess, and a third stand- ing by, smoking, while at short interval* he bent down over the chessboard indi- cating how the last move ought to have been made, amid good-natured chaff. j Meantime, the German torpedo boats were drawing closer, but no one took the slightest notice. Suddenly, we saw & torpedo rush through the water, miss, and explode in the sand bottom. Again we heard a short, sharp word of command, and immediately the men got up and formed into line on deck, with crossed arms. facing the enemy's guns, immovable ( as statues, and looking death in the face without moving a muscle. They were brave men, these English."
—————- ——————— WITHDREW HIS PAROLE. I Paris, Tuesday.—It was on Sunday last that Gilbert, the aviator, made good his escape from Hospenthal, the Swiss moun- ls tain village where he had been interned since June 27. All accomplice had bought him an ordinary tourist suit and a false j beard and moustache, which he contrived j to smuggle to the prisoner during a walk near the village. In this disguise Gilbert, accompanied by his accomplice, walked for two hours to the station of Goeselieven. Gilbert's appearance on the platform I seemed to arouse the suspicions of a man, who hovered around, apparently hesitating whether to accost him or not. until the | departure of the train relieved the avia- tor's suspense. Lucerne was reached without mishap. I There an automobile was waiting. During h the journey Gilbert had abandoned his false beard and moustache. j Paris, Thursday.—The aviator Gilbert. who recently escaped from an interment in Switzerland, interviewed by a repre- sentative of the Auto," gave some new j details of his escape. "On the very evening of my intern- ment," he said, I began to think of escaping, but as I had given my parole I withdrew it just in time not to break it. ¡ The Germans may criticise my action as I they like, but what I ray on this point is ) true."
MORE MEN REQUIRED FOR THE I ARMY. Lord Selborne, the President of the j Board of Agriculture, addressing a large ¡ number of representatives of agricultural I' societies and farmers in a committee room of the House of Lords, on Thursday after- noon, made an important statement re- garding the Government's policy. The situation in which we find our- selves," he said, is going to demand from every class a greater and greater sacrifice. The financial strain upon us is going to be very great indeed, and there will be a demand for money and for more men for the Army. H I do not care what the system is in this respect—whether it b3 voluntary o- compulsory, but many more men have got to go to tbe army, and from agricultural amongst other districts. What I forecast is going to happen in the next year is that men will be taken from these districts and farms fiom which hitherto they have not gone."
SERBIANS HINDER THE AUSTRIANS, Nish, Tuesday.—The following com- munique is issued here;— On August 22nd., by means cf infantry ifre, we prevented the enemy from forty- fying himself on the left bank of the Save in the neighbourhood of Draehatz and Drenutz. On the same evening, one of our batteries; shelled an eijemy detachment near Bort-sa, and an enemy battery which at that moment was going into action.
I SURVIVORS OF BRITISH STEAMER. Lisbon. W ednesda .The Norwegian steamer Hartor. from Barry, rrscucd on August 21st forty survivors of the British steamer Windsor, which bad been sunk. The survivors were transferred on board the British steamer Remnere ( ?).
BELGIAN AVIATORS AT WORK. Amsterdam. Wednesday.—The Echo Belgi, reports that during the night of August 22-23 Belgian aTiators bombarded German positions at Praerbosch and in the forest of Houthulst, bombs weighing altogether a ton and a half being dropped.
TURKEY'S THREAT TO GERMANY. Pads. Thuday. — A fn?Ka?p from Athens to th? Petit Journal HJY it is rumoured that Turkey will threaten tu sign a separate peace with the Allies if, as a result of the declaration of war which she ha, received from Italy, she is not given an assurance that Germany will. in her turn, declare war upon Italy. —Exchange War Special.
GERMANY'S LOST CAUSE. Paris, Thursday.—M. de Lanessan, formerly Minister of Marine, writing in the Petit Parisien," says:— "Ennts have clearly shown tha,t Von Tirpitz and the Emperor Willian) have grossly deceived themselves in thinking that they could replace battleship squad- rons by submarines, while events have also demonstrated that t.he German Flea has suffered disaster each time it pxposes jt", battleships to the Fleets of Great Britain. France, or Kussia." M. Herve, in Guerre Sociale." declares that the glaring truth for every man of sound m.ind is that Germany is irreme- diably lost, and that not even a miracle can now prevent the crash. Germany, he declares, was lost from the dav when, by the violation of Belgium, she found England against her r
ANOTHER WELSH D.S.O. His Majesty the King has been gracl- J j ously pleased to approve of the appoint- ment of the following officer to be a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order in recognition of his gallantry and distinguished service in the fipld:- Capt. Hugh Griffith Coke Fowler, 2nd Bat., South Wales Borderers. For great gallantry on the 18th and 19th .Tune. during operations on the Gal- lipoli Peninsula. In a counter-attack on a Turkish trench be led the part* which eventually cleared it. This ofifcer himsp]f threw some 30 bombs, some of ■which were enemy bombs which he picked up and threw back at great per. sonal risk.
"NERVY" GERMANS. I Paris. Wednesday.—The German quarters Staff at Strasburg lia6 removed to Robertsau, and the General Staff at Mulhouse has gone to a Protestant school outside the city. Work on the forts continues feverishly. A remarkable proof of the etate of German nerves in Alsace is furnished by an authentic, slorv that a few evenings ago the German erlillerv furiously bom- barded a flock of crtorks which were leav- ing their Alsatian hon ie for a warmer climate. ri)- Germans thought they vere The report says that the i birds escaped injury.