MR. MASTERMAN CHOSEN ————— Conference of Swansea District Liberals. At the Neath Liberal. Club on Satiir- ;&y afternoon the appointed detcgatf-tt- te^emhled to select a successor to Sir j I>avid Bryrrmor Jones. K.C., as Parh". xientary rf-prftk-mtative for Kwarjfcca dis- trict. There wwe 143 proserr, and a series oi unpleasant incidents sfcmok a discordant and unfortunate D'-It". in the procedings. Aid. Hopkin Morga-n. J.P., president, oi the Neath Liberal Clut), was voted to the chair, a>n*i without introduction an- nounced that a notice of motion had been received by Mr. Harry Williams, the 800'. jvtery. from Cwsuavcm. The letter stated that on behalf of the delegates Mr J. Hanbury would move: That the resolution of the nuanimou*- vote for tww candidate to be returned from each district be rescinded, and farther that the total of actual vot<\> cast in the district meetings be the de- j termining factor in the final selection." "This," continued the Chairman. raises a very important matter, and one calculated to upset the motion Tarried at last Saturday's meeting. T. a.m sorry, bo- eixuse at that meeting you decided your policy and mode of procedure in selecting a candidate to-day. and therefore I mus rule this motion out of order. (Applause.) I do po because it rerq>ens th" whole ques- tion. and therefore what you did last Saturday will be of no avail." Mr Edward Harris (Morriston) Before that is taken, f ask for the production of the minutes of last Saturday's meeting. The Chairman: T understand the mmutes have been sent all the districts in the constituency. Yov bare all re- jpcei ved thejn. Mr. John Moirris (Neath): That is not so. Mr. Edward Rarrie: I have not seen the minutes. The Chairman: The question of the accuracy of the minutes liac not been raised- Snrelv it is known to you all what resolution was passed at the last meeting. AD the dirid that did not nominate candidates at last Saturday's meeting were allow-pxt until Wednesday to send in their nominations. This has beeu done in rvery case; < herefore it Iwii been accepted hy the districts, and the resolu- tion is in operation. (Applause.) Mr. Edward Harris: J question that. No resolution was passed at the, last meeting deciding that the majority in any particular district should command the rotes of -the district, and therefore your ruling is not correct. (Cries of Order. ") If it is so I can for the minutes. Rev. T. W. George (Neath) asked if all the districts had sent in their nominations ? The Chairman: I have stated definitely what was discussed and what was re- solved as to the coarse of prwedure here to-day- I do Not think that is ques- tioned Mr. Edward Harris: I do question it. and call for the minutes. (Cries of Ordeor" and Chair.") Mr. J. Banbury (Cwmavon) said the version given by the Chairman wiv- the version adopted by the Cwmavon meet- ing. (Hear, hear). Before they dis- cussed the merits of the candidates they considered the mode of procedure to be followed. and in the course of that dis- cussion it was pointed out that it would, be unfair and a. little unjust to pledge tliemselves to any candidate without knowing who would be finally adopted. It was also urged that it was not in ac- cordance with the ordinary methods adopted at general elections, neither would it give the voice of the minority in determining the issue at tbe final meeting. It was on those grounds they tent in the notice of motion which the Chairman had just read. The Rev. T. W. George (Neath) asked i: all the districts had sent in their nominations ? The Chairman: Not ail. The Rev. T. W. George contended that they had no power to dictate, to Cwmavon or any other district how they f;noul(1. make their nomination. Mr. John Morris: I should like to know the names of the districts who have sent; in their nominations «.nd those who have net. The Chairman: I will repeat the, state ruent I have made before. Some of tin; districts made their nominations ,o t h (,;ir Saturday, others have sent them in hance. Mr. John Morris: But, Mr. Chairman—! (cries of Order and ChariT.") Uproar reigned at the back of the room, and the Chairman gii"*Aeofully appealeti for order. Continuing, he said that most of the district meeting* had exercised the right demanded by last Saturday's deci- sion, and he had never heard it questioned until now. Mr. Ranbury had put the matter before tbem in a perioeotly frank and fair way. and Cwnmvon having sent their nomination he suhmitted tha., fbey had complied with the resolution be- yond any question. (Bear, bear.) A. Delegate: Why don't you read the minutes of the last meeting They have been asked for. The Chairman: Because this meeting is u n-able to mado wh-at ww done at the last meeting. (Applause.) It is Oil qnibe a different beiew, and quite a difierenrt meet- ing, inasmuch as it is convened for a i specific purpose. Chows.) M-E. Iobm Morris: I ask that the Secre- tary shouJd read out the names of the itteaMcts who have sent in normrifariona. J know some who have not seøt in. (Cries of Sit down.") Mr. W. T. Dalies: Surely those district who heM meeting last night are not to be debarred because their noniinations were •not recexred on Wednesday Diot-? Mr. Mastthew Arnold (IVfayor of Neaih): I move that we proceed witfo the Dftét hufrinews. (Loud cheers.) Mr. John Mo-rris (e«ated3y>: What have we got to hide! A Delegate; I move that we be governed by the Chairman's ruling to-day. abso- lutely. ^Laughter and appiause At this stage the Chairman read the fol- lowing letter, written from Crown Villa. Morriston. and dated December 16: Dear Mr. Morgan,—After full considera- j 1.)u of the spe I tiou of the special erreumatancup con- nected with the present imite in this con- stituency, I shall be obliged if you will at the outset of the meeting annownce my desire to wititdraw my name from the fist of candidates.- Yours, faithfully. Dan. Thomas. The Tetter TO* greeted with cheer?, and a delegate shouted "He's a sport! Mr. Morgan Thomas (Loughor), said that at the last meeting he asked & question as to whether it was definitely known that Mr. Masterraan would accept the seat if ,iftcrei itini. and the answer he received was. "Tie may." Since then cor-j respondents had been published in the papers giving information that i-o fairness to the whole if the districts should have been given to them at the la?t mtil1g"1 ?Hfar. heM). He T?pTP?nted a. MnaU district in the constituency—goo d voters—; but ho thought everybody understood to- day that "might was not right," and small district were entitled to the same informatioT) as the larger ones. (ApplauseN.. The Chairman said he found no fault with Mr. Thomas's question, and he would endeavour to ecrplaiu what had taken place a. fortnight ago. A roe-ruiting meeting was held at Neath at which Mr. William Jones, ir.p.. attended, and im- :parted the information of Sir David Brynmor Jones's appointment. At the (,1°,"8 of the meeting, he (the chairman) met several Liberals and discussed the situation in quite a casual way, and I someono suggested that if the oppor- u g--v f' d tiinitj- p;"pse11ted itself they could, per- j haps, find a seat for Mr. Masterman. A further suggestion was made that they should communicate direct with Mr. Mnstenaau to ascertain his views on the mattM'. Acting upon that suggestion, he t (the ca.iTman1 wrote to the Chancellor of the Exchequer in a purely private capacity, and the reply he received was in his pocket last Saturday. Seeing the. state of the feeling in the meeting—there; was certainly a good deal of electricity among the -peakerr, -he thought it would be unwise to make any reference to that private communication. (Hear, hear.) And he felt th?t by his acHon he gave the meeting full -:ropp to discuss the pros and rons of any candidate they thought proper. (Hear. bear). Since <!?n. he -m% what -fforfs had been un; for'h by others to secure a can(li(i;te and the news leaked out that he had received the letter. An urgent recfupst was made that the purport of the J letter should 1* communicated to the j division. Certain gentlemen were allowed; lo see it. and it leaked out in that way. If others thought: tit to ask certain gentle- men to stand snrely he had an equal; rig-hf. He had no particular interest to j =?rv, and he pledged his hononr that it was only the welfare and strength of the Government he had at heart. (Loud applanse ) Mr. Morgan Thomas: Before I came to last Saturday'H meeting T was told by several people that there was an official request that the candidature of Mr. Masterman fhouh! be brought before the meeting. That was my reason for asking the question. The Cbairman: I don't think I made ￼ any anR?'?r to you. Th?rc i a notion abroad that I said no communication had beeu received, which is not correct. It is true that I said the only official communication received was a telegram from Sir David Brvnmor Jones Mr. Morgan Thomas: I still adhere to what. I have said. It if. an undeniable fact that before last Saturday's meeting several electors were under the impression that an official communication bad been received on behalf of Mr. Masterman. (Hear. hear). Now you say it was a pri- vate communication. We were here as a body representing the Liberal Five Hundred, and I think we should have been told. We were here to discuss matters, and to my great surprise we dis- cussed nothing. (Laughter). The Chairman: I think we discussed I) a great deal. Had J etated here publicly I that I had received a letter from the Chancellor of the Exchequer those pre- sent would have been in a worse mood. Mr. Edward Harris: If. as you r say, it was a private reply to a private letter, why did it appear in Tuesday's South Wales Daily N ws?" It was an official request, and Mr. Lloyd George's name has been j dragged into this Controversy to favour one candidate more ilan another. It waA published to i nB ueoC( votes, and I main- tain that slim tactics have been used to favour on? candidate at the expense of others. (Hear, hear, and cries of "Rat '"). A Delegate: Did Mr. Wm. Jones and Sir David Brynmor Jones have a conver- sation with the Chairman on the matter, I and what was the result of it? (Cries of < Oh. oh;"), Rev. T. W. George: I think it is a piece of impertinence for anyone to ask such a question as that. (Applause). If r. T. D. Davies (Swansea): I should like to have the Chairman's interpreta- tion of that letter now—was it private or official? I ask for an answer because! Pentrechwyth has passed a conditional resolution. If official, they will support: Mr. Masterman: if not they will vote for ir, Williams. The Chairman: My reply to that ques- tion is that the report in yesterday's papers can be accepted as a correct state- ment of the letter received. I Mr. T. D. Davies: I must ask for your ruling. Is it private or official? Mr. Edward Harris: Having regard to the fact that this letter has been pub- !!ished. I think all the correspondence that has paesed should be produced. The Chairman: I should like to know whether you have written any letters ree-I' garding the candidate for this constitu- ency? (Cheers). Mr. Edward Harris: To whom? The Chairman: I am not suggesting who, Mr. Edward Harris (warmly): You oan take it from me that I have not written a single letter to anyone on the subject. 1 (Applause.) I am iii-pri sed that you as chairman flhOÐld insinuate anything of the Bort.. (Cheers.) The Chairman I am not insinuating, I but you asked me whether I had w-ritten i a, letter, and I asked whether anyone else had written. Mr. Howell (Port. Talbot): I am sur- prised that liberals should come here to- day to quarrel. and to say that of « man who hm done ho much for Liberalism. I (Cheers.) To say he has been guilty of slim tactics is an aspersion which I very strongly resent. I wrote a private letter to the Chancellor, and had a wire from him yesterday. A Delegate: There's another one. (Laughter.) l Further pressed for hris ruling on the j letter, the Chairman saad fee regarded it as an ElXprn from the Chancellor of | the Exchequer that he considered it an important matter and particularly de- sired the return «f Mr. Mawterman. (Chews.) A Delegate: At your request! The Chairman (warmly): Certainly not. Mr. Morgan Rpft; (Pentrechwyth): That expression of opinion by the eixeirmou is sufficient for us. (Cbeerw.) In reply to a deS*g«t*v. the dwfcntian said that if Mr. Wm. Jones or any other member of Parliament chose to talk matters ever to him privately, he was not justified in making that private oonver- asta-an public. It would be a breach of confidence. (CheertO A Delog?t?: It w&s done to faster one .?n '0 nomination! The Chairman: I beg your pardon, it was not. Mr. Masterman has not beeu in the constituency, but other people have been canvassing for other nommees. (Cheers, and a Voice: That's abseJute!" and laughter.) 5 The Mayor of Neath- Proceed to business! At this stage several delegates rose to speak, but there waf; such an uproar at the back of the room that the chairman had to appeal for order. It was some time before peace was restored, ;usd after Mr. Mom^ Tbom.? had declared ?he r&- 9u!t of tb? voting a? AbeMvern. Mr. Edward Harris stood -np and Paid he wanted to raise a question. I The Chairman: Please Kit «own! We have decided to proceed with the busi-j ness, and whilst the ballot is beiny I taken I cannot hear yôu.. (Cheers). Mr. Edward Harris persisted,, hut me. remarks were inaudible, one section I shouting. t. Sit down." Obey the chair," and Chuck him out," whilst another section shouted encouragement, For fully ten minutes Mr. Edward Ha.rris -reined on his feet defying the chairman, and above the aborts the Rev. Penar Griffiths' voice was heard: Is Mr. Harris to put his point or not" It was an appeal to the meeting, and there was a thunderous response, N NO.1 no At last Mr. Edward Harris resumed I his seat, remarking as he did 80. "Very well, I will obey the chair, but you may, he sorry for it." I Order was then restored, and thêl various delegates read out the result ofj[
The Right Hon. Charles Frederick Gurney Masterman, M.A., was made a Privy Councillor in 1912, the same year being appointed Financial Secretary to the Treasury. He was elected Liheral Member of Parliament for South West Bethnal Green in 1911, and was made chairman of the National Insurance Commission. Upon receiving the appoint- ment of the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, he offered himself for re-elec- tion in Bethnal Green, and was unseated. He afterwards unsuccessfully contested Ipswich. Mr. C. F. G. Masterman is the fourth son of the late Mr. Thomas William Masterman, of Rotherfield Hall, Sussex. He was horn in 1873. and in 1908 married Miss Lucy Lyttelton, eldest daughter of the Right Hon. General Sir Neville Lyttelton. Mr. Masterman was educated at Weymouth and Christ's Church Col- lege, Cambridge. He was fit class in Natural Sciences Tripos, 1895: first class in Moral Sciences, 1890; presidant of tho Union, 1896; fellow of Christ's College. 1900. He has written for the "Nation." the H A thenæum;" etc.; was literary editor for the Daily News"; secretary 1 of the Children's County Holiday Fund, London, 1900-3: Guardian of the Poor, Camberwell, 1901-4 and lecturer, Cam- bridge and I/ondon University Extension Societies. He contested Dulwich as Liberal candi- date in 1903; was Parliamentary Secre- tary Local Government Board 1908-9, and Member of Parliament for West Ham v North) in 190S, being unseated on peti- tion in 1911. From 1909-12 he was Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department. His publications include Tennyson as a Religous Leader," The Heart of the Empire," From the Abyss," U In Peril of Change," F. D. Maurice," and The Condition of Jingland."
I METAL BROKER'S i "SMASH." » i REGISTRAR AND "A SYSTEMATIC- ALLY LOSI NG CONCERN." At Swansea Bankruptcy Court, Friday. Thomas Simm, metal merchant, 2.44, ),A ansea, appeared for his atijotirned examination. Hie gross iia- i bin lies were Jul 7,1-52, and the deficiency L 14,^74 5s. 9d. Debtor, in reply to the Official Receivr (Mr. Henry Hees) said he had handed in j n profit and loss account for the period to Sept. 30th, 1913, showing a loss on trailing for practically every year, the I toial loss for the period being £10,810 19s. lOd. llie Official Receiver: Bringing it up to the date of the receiving order, with t371 bank charges and living expenses, vour total losses are something between £ 11,000 and £ 15,000? iJebior: ies. The Official Receiver read correspond- ence showing that in September last debtor wrote to Messrs Siddons, Swan- sea, pleading the Moratorium, and saying he had a lot. of money on contracts, and would send a cheque shortly. Mean- willIe the firill were as ked to cntinue supplies, You were fairly on the rocks then," observed Mr. j Debtor: I don't think to. The market changes so often and very big changes, Loo. The Registrar: Do you mean to say you did not know at the time you were XI t.000 to the bad?—I did not know at that time, but I knew it was ?1<U)M in ttiat tiiiic?, but I knew it was JLIO,f)00 in The Official Receiver: Don't quibble about a few thousands in your case. The Registrar: You led your creditors to believe, from the tone of your letter-, that but for the war and the Moratorium you would have been able to meet your liabilities, but as a matter of fact, Mora- torium or no Moratorium, you were simply staving off the evil day. Mr. Edward Harris, who represented debtor, interposed: I think what he means is that he would have been able to keep the snowball rolling a bit longer. The Registrar: Yes, and the snowball was getting bigger and bigger, but the point is that he was not entitled to go on doing this; it was his duty to explain his position. Mr. Harris agreed. The Official Receiver: Do yon think that that is honourable, apart from the losses to your creditors? Debtor: My whole desire was to pay everybody, but luck was against me. He admitted, in further cross-examina- tion, that. his profits on the running con- tracts were not sufficient to meet his liabilities. Tho trustee (Mr. J. F. Harvey) put a number of questions to debtor, tbA object of which was to show that losses on contracts were sustained within a, day or two cf being entered into. In a year and nine months losses of « £ 8,420 were shown on contracts. The Registrar pointed out there had been losses on the^businew since the year 1908. In that year he lost ?591. in JW ?H9. in 1910 J?5. in 19H ?J,lt5. in 1912 £ 206. and in 1913 the losses jumped tn X4,385. I Debtor: That was the bad contract I made at the end of 1912. The Registrar observed that debtor's business seemed to be a systematically losing concern. Debtor: Since 1913 it is serious. The Registrar: But since 1908 it has been a systematically losing concern. According to your own account it is so. The Official Receiver: Speculation to a decree. Debtor: I don't think so. I continued bl,vingand selling. The Official Receiver: You are a very optimistic man. The Registrar: It is quite clear debtor has been taking large risks with nofier people's money. In reply to Mr. Edward Harris, debtor said it was not true he had been in the habit of buying at low prices on credit in order to sell for cash. The sitting was further adjourned.
GUARDfANS AND ALIENS. At a meeting of the Swansea Board of Guardians, The Clerk (Mr. IJ.. Jenkins) eaid he had asked the Ixx-al Government, Boeurd, aa re- quested. whether in the ceee of interned aJ.i«ii,s rer.respective relief could be obtained; and had received a reply in the affirmative Air. Owen inquired if the clerk had re- ceived a letter from the Town Clerk in relerenoe to the borough extension ectw.me, asking him to 06.11 a. oonierenoo of the Board with ø. deputation irom the Council to dJø- curja t he question of unions. The Clerk: 1 have not received it. 'The Clerk said t.he County Council ocrlD- plained that the. call had not been paid, Two of the parishes were in aurrears, but one of them would, he believed, pay in a day or two. There wtvc. now enough m-oney to pay the call. The Board decided that the call be paid- 8ir John Jjlewelyn's kind offer to give the usual Christmae treat to the children of the Cottage Homes and Graiy House (the receiving: home) was accepted with the warm 'thanks of the Board Ift-ere were two nominations for the vacancy on the Urban Distress Committee caused by the death of Dr. J. Gomer lewis. Mr. Loff received 19 votes and Mr. Gray 10. and tbe former was therefore appointed.
II DAWYGRAIG WOUNDED SOLDIER IN THE ENEMY.5 HANDS. Mr. John W. Lewis, of 42, Ysgolreet, Danygraig, Swansea, has just received a post-card notifying him that his son, Lance-Corpl. Albert Lewis, of the 1st Royal Weish Fusiliers, is a prisoner of war. Lance-Corpl. Lewis was stationed at Malta on the outbreak of twar, but was later sent to the front after tiaving a short furlough, in which he saw his parents at home. Some few weeks ago his father re- ceived notification that he was wounded and missing, and supposed. to be a prisoner of war. I The German authorities seem to have I provided a card printed in English, on which the prisoners may write home. The. Teutonic compositor, however, has failed rather badly with the word "'company,' which is spelt with a k." Writing on one of these cards, Lane<»- CorpL Lewis says: I am at Reserve Lazarette Barrack, 9, Stade, Germany. am in hospital here, and my wound is nearly healed up. We are well treated, and you can write home news to the above address. It is interesting to note that lkfr. Tobn Lewis has two other sons serving King and country. One of these, George, is an A.B. on the Canopus. whileattQtber joined Kitchener's Army in August, and is now in training, having joined the Royal Eagineers. Mr. Lewis, too, has dorne eome soldiering, for he was a mew bk-r of the o]d Jferd GJfttti. Volunteers for 17 years, being too old to join the Territorial Army when the new scheme came into operation.
The following letter has been received from a Freiich Chasseur Officer,-We are again in touch with the English Army, which exercises a most happy effect on my chasseurs. The Englishman doesu't seem to care a for the enemy. 1 do not know if he ever is afraid, but he doesn't appear to be, and that just knocks our chaps flat. The goat of the Welsh Fusiliers died heroic-a lly on the field of honour clio3a to where I was east of Yprœ.
VON BER.^HARDI'S MESSSON. I FAMOUS PRUSSIAN GENERAL'S VISIT TO AMERICA. I. The extent to which Germany tried to influence American opinion in her favour is shown by a startling-revela- tion published by the Toronto Globe." The article says :— In the early summer of last year General Friedrich Von Bernhardi, the famous German cavalry oineer arm iniliitary authority, crossed the Fnited States. lie came by way of tho Pacific. His coming was unheralded. His speeches were unreported. His going was unclironicled. No Ameri- can newspaper played up the visit of one of the most taiked-of Germans in the world to-day. His new book Germany and the Next War," was published early in 1912, while he was on this world tour. A copy of it reached him by mail at Singapore. In ,J.h TT 'of- I e the United States he was the guest of the I' German Consuls. His addresses were m German, to Germans invited individually by the Consul. His mission was to advise Germans in the various German centres I of the purpose, the plaus, and the Tight- ness of the ;h"Ji impending war that now staggers the world." He told its story, the essentials of its programme, the year before it began. These things The Globe learned since tho war broke out, and on two occasions they were referred to editori- ally. But no details were given. No names or places or dates were mentioned. Of the facts there could be no doubt. San Francisco was believed to he the place -f Bernhardi'e arrival, and New York the port of departure. It is now possible to fill in important detaih. On Monday of last week the Editor of the Globs met with Dr. David Starr Jordan, and as he is a distinguished Cali- fornian, the Chancellor of Leland Stan- ford University, and a great student of international problems, the fact of Bern- hard i's mission to America was men- tioncd. Dr. Jordan's answer was in sub- stance as follows:— I met Von Bernhardi in San Fran- cisco and heard him give an address on May 26th. 1913, just as I was leaving for Europe, Germany, the Balkans, and Aus- tralia. The invitation was from the Gernuvn Consul in San Francisco. It was on tho official paper of the Consul's office. The gathering was composed of about three hundred persons, all Germans ex- cept one other American and myself. The Consul presided, and the meeting was semi-official but private. So far as I know there was no re- porter present, and no report was pub- lished. I would not have known that the German cavalry General was in America except for that meeting He went to Los Angeles for a similar gathering, then to St. Louis and eastern centres of German population. I understood ho came over from Japan." Dr. Jordan described Bernhardi as tall, spare, very erect, his beard streaked with gray, his head straight in the back, a typical heel-clicking Prussian officer of 65 or 70, very aggressive in his manner, j but as a speaker rather prORY. He read his address, which followed the arguments of his hook-the historical, psychological, and biological arguments for war. Asked I, as to Beruhardi's mission and purpose, Dr. Jordan said:— Bernhardi's mission was to Germans in America. His very evident purpose was to neutralise the policy of goodwill among the nationalities represented in our population, to counteract the work for international peace, to prepare the Ger- mans for the coming war, which he said J was both inevitable and near, and to con- vince them that Germany's idea of war is righteous, and that this particular war was thoroughly well planned and would be carried out to the greatness and glory of the German Empire. Very unmistakable were bis re- ferences to the planned march through Belgium and the taking of Paris. He did not mince matters. Questions of morals, of international treaties, of I national rights, he brushed aside. Law,' he said, 'is a makeshift: the reality is force. Law is for weaklings: force is for strong men and strong nations.' "Perhaps his chief purpose was to advise Germans in the li-nited States that Britain, not France, is in Germany's way, that Britain would soon be reached, and reached by Germany's war. Bernhardi's add TOPS was a little more unreserved, more brutally frank than his book. His work was part of the cam- I paign to organise German opinion in the United States and to separate it from American opinion. That campaign was begun here fifteen years ago by Prof. Karl Lamprecht of Leipzig. The same campaign has been carried on in Brazil, only much more openly. Its note was struck hv General Keim in Germany, who preached the doctrines of Faith, Hope, and Hate. Belgium was to be invaded fo" the purpose of securing Antwerp and othei naval bases from which to strike Britain. When I heard Bernhardi I thought his words those of another of the war-mad I militarists. When I was in Germany last August and saw his plain of campaign adopted by the German army, I knew he spoke for the General Staff, and that they are all victims of the same madness." When asked his opinion of the justice of the Allies" cause. Dr. Jordan answered When I read Germany and the Next War,' before meeting its author. I said that if Germany really adopted Bern- hardi's views Europe would have to crush it out as a nest of snakes. Germany is now trying to carry out those views, and there ca nbe no peace or safety until the snakes and the whole system that has pro- duced them are utterly crushed out." And that is the, effect of Bernhardi's teaching and of the, whole system of Ger- man espionage on every thoughtful American. Not .Europe alone, but the whole civilised world will yet unite to crush it out as a nest of snakes."
MANSELTON DEACON'S FUNERAL. I On Thursday afternoon, the funeral of Mr. Edward Richards, of 9, Courtney- street, Manselton, took place at Mynydd- bach Chapel burial ground. The scene was marked by impressive and deep sym- pathy, manifesting the esteem in which I the deceased was held in the neighbour- hood. Mr. Richards was a deacon at the Siloam Chapel, Pentre Estyll, for over 12 years, where hie loss will be long and deeply felt. The chief mourners were: Mrs Richards, Mr. E. J. Richards and Mr. D. Richards (sons), Mrs. <L Bavies and Mies G. 'A T. j. -f)aVi(- (s-on- Richards (daughters), Mr. J. Davies (son- in-law), Mrs. E. J. Richards and Mrs. D. Richards (daughters-in-law), Master Sid- ney Davies (grandson), Aid. Joseph Deconald, Mr. and Mrs. D. H. Devonald, Mr. and Mrs. J. Devonald, Mr. llees J ones (brothers and iraters-in-law), Mr. and Mrs. Morgans, Mrs. M. Matthews. Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Devonald, Miss B. Devonald, Mr. J. H. Devonald, Miss M. Devonald, Mr. J. Hughes Devonald, Mr. J. D. Morgan, Mrs. M. Devonald (nephews and niecest. Mr. n. J. Prosser and family, Bryn. Port Talbot. The coffin. which was of unpolished oak, waa ornamented with heavy silver fittings Beautiful floral tributes covered the coffin. The Revs. G.. Penar Griffiths, J. Hywel Parry, Llansamlet; B. EYansJ Bethel; Davies, Crng-glas; Hughes. Soar; Pryse Williams, Philadelphia, Hafod; and Al-d Ben Jones were present. The Revs. G. Penar Griffith's, J. Hywel Parry, and B. Evans officiated at the house and the graveside. Eight of the de- ceased's fellow-deacons acted as bearers, and Mr. Evan Davies, undertaker, Court- Dey-street, carri<»d out iVAuu-vam^e- t meats.
I AHLER'S APPEAL. AGAINST SENTENCE OF DEATH. t The appeal of Nicholas Emil Hermanl Ahlers, formerly German Consul ij Sunderland, against his recent convictioi at Durham Assizes, before Mr. Justice | shearman, ror high treason, and against the death sentence passed upon liim, win hearel on Friday in the Court of Criminal Appeal before a specially constituted court, consisting of the Lord Chief Jus-" tice, Mr. Justice Darling, Mr. Justice Bankes, Mr. Justice Lush, and Mr. Justice Atkin. Prisoner was not present. Appellant's counsel said there were liya grounds on which Ahlers based hia ap- ueal. (1) That he was not aware war had been declared between England and Germany, and that there was not suffi- cient evidence upon which the jury wad entitled to infer such knowledge. [ (2) That he was not aware the acts ha was doing were wrongful, but that he believed them permissible. (3 That he honestly believed his al- leged actions lawful, and did not do them traitorously, the evidence showing he acted openly, innocently, and with- out traitorous intent. That the Solicitor-General in his final speech m rested it was unlikely that the sentence necessarily conse- quent upon the verdict of guilty would he carried out, and that the minds of the jury were thereby relieved of a sense of responsibility. And (5) That learned judge wrongfully construed the Home I ordt.,r. and that he misdirected the jury. Council, continuing his address, said it was alleged Abler.: assisted several Ger- mans to get to Germany after war had broken out between this country and Ger- many. He submitted that whether pris- oner was guilty or not would depend en- tirely upon his knowledge of whether a state of war existed. The whole matter centred on that point. He submitted tint in the absence of affirmative evidence that Ahleni knew a state of war existed, the oonviction ought not to utandt Lord Chief Justice: Do you mean Ahlers must have knowledge of an official character brought home to him. Counsel: I should certainly put that. formed in the case of declaration of war. In the course of further discussion. Justice Darling asked: Is there such a thing as International Law. Counsel: No. Lord Chief Justice: There are sonH countries which respect it. There is usage which is generally recognised by nations. The Solicitor-General, asked to give his views on the question of the Order, in Council, said a gathering together of the King's Enemies in this country for the purpose of enabling them to be sent against our forces was an unlawful act, and was high treason, and no Order in Council could alter the common law of this country. After hearing arguments the court de- liberated privately for an hour, and the Lord Chief Justice, delivering the court's judgment, said the conviction could not stand, and was quashed. It did not fol- low from the evidence, said his lordship, that the appellant's actions were hostile to the country's interests. The observa- tions of the learned judge at the trial seemed to have been centred mainly upon whether or no prisoner, when he com- mitted the alleged acts, knew that war had been declared. It had been pointed out to the jury that it was possible the prisoner had no intention of aiding or comforting the King's enemies. The ma- tp. riü 1 point was not left to the jury in. the way it ought to have been left to, them. Therefore the conviction could not stand.
TYNEWYDD STORY RECALLED BX PERFORMANCE AT DUNVANT. A tragic episode in the history of tna Welsh coalfield was vividly recalled Oil Friday at Dunvant, in the performance, for the first time in West Wales, of 0 "The Flooded Mine" and "The Royal Houw." two historic scenes, set to music by Mr. T. Glyndwr Richards, of Mountain Ash. At Tvnewydd Colliery, Porth, on April 11th, ]877, a miner struck into an old mine filled with water, and the colliery was inundated. Many marvellous escapes occurred, but four men and a boy found their way cut off. They were imprisoned at the top of a heading for 11 days, but ultimately rescued by men who cut through 40 yards of coal barrier to reach them. The first book of the cantata opens with a full chorus, Down in the Coal Mine," sung by the miners as they enter the worki ngs. Deep in the Mine, Where Darkness Reigns." especially with the scenic effects (the production of Mr. E. J. Phillips, of Dunvant, and a feature of the whole performance, was very effective. The solo and chords of hauliers is fol- lowed by distribution of the miners br firemen, with humerous dialogue. But soon the rumbling sound of the approach- ing flood is heard and the cries of the overwhelmed. Then followed the long days and nights in which hope and fear battle in the hearts of the entombed miners, and the hymns In the deep and mighty waters and Jeeu lover of my soul," each of which have since been, charged with profound memories from thousands of people in Wolr:» The second part of the cantata ie laid at Windsor Castle, where, by Royal com- mand, the miners sang before Queen Victoria. Prominent among the artistes was Mr, John Thomas, of Perth, a popular tenor win sang beautifully a 6ong behind tha scenes, and an old Welsh Aiv before ti-ill Queen. Other artist 's. Mipjorted by a strong chorus, took part. as follows:— "Entombed miners," Messrs. W. Davies and John Davies; Hauliers," Messrs. J. Morgan and H. Thomas; "Entombed hny," A. E. Bevan; "Rescuers," Messrs. W. Thomas (Porth) and Happy Dodd; "Queen," Miss Annie Davies, Ladies in waiting," Mesdames J. L. Jones an 1 V. L. Evans: Equerry," Master A. Jerv- kins; "Artistes at, the Rynl Palace,* Messrs. John Thomas and A. Thomas (tenors); Mr. G. Hoskins (base); elocu- tionists. Messrs. I). and J. Roderick; accompanist, Mr. J. K. Thomas. The conductor was Mr. T. C. }Ud}ard; th? sec,, Mr. W. Bovnon- and among 1'h? most inrW of the audiepce WM th. compowr himself.
I CREDITOR'S MONEY. I Jarrett Douglas Howell. grocer, Robert-street, Manselton, who appeared I' for his adjourned examination at Swan- sea Bankruptcy Court Friday, before the Registrar (Mr. Frank P. Charles) said in reply to the Official. Receiver, the'pro- fit on the business was S:81 a year, and his living expenses ei30. The official Receiver: How do you jus- tify that? Debtor: 1 was obliged to have some- body in the house to help. The Official Receiver: Whether tha business paid or not. Whoee money* were you using*-—Creditors, I suppose. Debtor said he borrowed SH0 in 1M9 from Mrs. Evans, Llanelly, depositing tho deeds of the Robert-street property with her as well as an I.O.U. He had spent P,110 on alterations to the Robertrstreefe shop. The examination was closed. Mr. Stanley Otren represented the peti- ) tioning creditor, and Mr. D. Selina ap- peared for debtor.
t The Pontardulais boys who have,joined the eolours have been presented by the., various ohiirc?*as of the place with pocket Bibl.. eta.
the ballot in the various districts as fol- lows ;— Masterman. nuhams. Aberavon 17 — Cwmavon 9 Landore 20 Loughor 8 Morriston — 15 Neath 27 Neath Abbey — 2 Pentrechwyth 4 Port Talbot 21 St. John's — 18 Foxhole 2 Kenfig 1 Totals 80 fii There was thus a majority of 16 for Mr. Mastecman. The result of the voting was declared by the chairman amidst applause. He said the majority had been in favour of Mr. Masterman. The next proceeding would be to take a unanimous vote. (Cries of No "). That was the general practice—the minority should give way to the majority. (Applause.) Mr. Parry Evans (Neat h) remarked that at Ne-ath they had a good meeting. There was no acrimony at all and it was a fair and square fight between Mr. Masterman and Mr. Williams. "We were in the minority," he said, but we did not for- get that we were Liberals." He made an appeal to his fellow Liberals of the divi- sion. They had put up a fair and square fight, and he hoped they would show a united front to all opponents The Rev. T. W. George, in secondinz the resolution, said it had been the in- variable practice of Liberal organ- isation of Swansea district that the can- didate who received the majority of votes should have a unanimous vote 3.t. the adoption meeting. On this occasion some difficulties presented themselves Both of these gentlemen who had n i proposed were sound in principle, and hA I hoped those who voted for Mr. Williams. would sink their personal feelings and now vote unitedly for Mr. Masterman He appealed to his hearers not to nurse personal matters in such a grave crisis. He would have been pleased to throw in his support to Mr. Williams had he been in the majority. He proposed his father long ago, and ho would support Mr. Wil- liams now had not the Government ex- pressed a desaro for the return of Mr. Maraberraan. Mr. Morgan Thomas said he was quite as true to Liberalism as any man in that room. Mr. Williams was a local man, and a Welshman, and a personal friend of his, but lie would not vote for Mr. Williams agaiMt Mr. Masterman if hel, was convinced that Mr Masterman was i essential to the Government at present.! It appeared that some of the districts had come to the conclusion that Mr. Mastcr- man was absolutely essential to the country at the present time. If that was so, it would have bec-n only fair for all the districts to have had the actual facts placed before them. He did. not know himself that Mr. Masterman could be of more help to the Government than Mr. Williams. (Laughter, and a Voice: "Don't talk nonsense.") When they understood there were no controversial questions to arise, what good was Mr. Masterman more than Mr. Williams? It was their duty to support a local man. He had done, much for liberalism, and they should support hiul- ltr. Edward Harris said he hoped the Chairman would not put the resolution to the meeting. Someone accused me of canvassing for Mr. Williams," he said. "-It is quite true I have, and I feel it an honour to do so." If this selection had gone fairly and squarely on the merits of the two men, he continued, he would be one of the first to fall in with the majoritYr- bnt he felt grieved that the, choice had been influenced by the letter which was received from Mr. Lloyd George. They could call it a private letter or an official letter, as they liked. Mr. Lloyd George must not forget that he had climbed to the top of the tree by the ladder of Welsh Nationalism. He had evidently forgotten th-at ladder, and he feft strongly that, it was time for UK: to leave him." (Cries of U Rot:" Non- sense!" and Sit down!") But they must not forget that Mr. Lloyd George was a Welsh Nationalist first, and what right had he to suggest that they should put a personal friend of his into the Swansea District at the expense of a Welshman ? If Mr. I.lovd George thought he was justified in dofrig that, he felt they should leave him. (Laughter, and a Voice: Rot! ") To his mind, it was a reflection upon other Welsh Members to say that Mr. Masterman was indispensable to the Government at the present moment. (A Voice: No one said Mr. Masterraan is indispensable.") I repeat what I said." declared Mr. Harris, that it has been snid here that Mr. Masterman is an in- dispensable a?M?t to the Government. A Dflegate? Who has said so? Mr. Harris: It has been said eo here to-day. I am not going to be bound hj any resolution here to-day. (Voice< < Then. fit down. ") Mr. E. S. Phillips (Neath), after observ- ing that no one in the room had said within his hearing that Mr. Masterman was indispensable, put it to the delegates, as intelligent men, whether a man of wade Parliamentary experience and excep- tional ability wbr had attained to C..h= rank was not, in a grave crisis like the present, far more useful than a man of much ability with no experience. What- ever the decision of the meeting, he (the speaker) had said all along he would be perfectly willing to abide by it. From the outset he had believed in the oandi- dature of Mr. Masterman, though Mr. Williams had bad his warpi support. He would never be guilty of splitting the Liberal party, and he was very much sur prised at Mr. Harris paying he would n?t ￼ be bound by the resolution of that meet- <n?. He hoped, as wise men and Liberals, all present would stand by the decision of the meeting. (Hear, hear.) He knew men who had been canvassing that week who were never locked upon as strong Liberals, but lived upon the prin- 0ipIe oJ expediency. ? Ther? are some of us who have been abused." he said. but we have always stood by Liberalism." The majority having gone t- Mr. Master- man. be would appeal to Mr Harris as an intelligent man and a loyal citizen to ahide by the decision of the majority (Applause.) Mr. R. Buckland (Morriston) de- clared that Mr. Harris was lighting for a principle. We are out fighting for a, principle." he said. We want every- thing fair and square, and we are not going to be 'done down. (Some laughter). Mr. Ewan Davies deprecated distinc- tions as to nationality heing made at a time like the present. The chief objec- tion to Mr. Masterman, he said, seemed to be that he was not a Welshman. We are all Britishers to-dav," he declared. Mr. 1). 1. I)avi(,s Mr. T>. J. Dav ies (Morriston) urged the desirability of having a representa- tive in Parliament ho understood the tinplate trade. They remembered whatl a quandary the Government was in ai: the time of the adjustment, cf the Canadian tariff. There was no member of the Ministry who knew the difference between block tin and tinplates. Voice: What has that got to do with it? Mr. Davies: It has a lot to do with it. Such a tariff was put by Canada on our tinplates that they were kept out of the country. When the matter was re- ferred to the C-abinet they had to send down to this district to get expert opinion on the point. The Chairman: 1 don't want to rule Mr. Davies out of order, but you have already selected Mr. Masterman as your candidate. Mr. Edward Harris (sarcastically).- It is a majority. Don't talk nonsense," commented one delegate. I am afraid we are turning the deci- sion of this meeting into a debate," ob- served another delegate. Someone at the back of the room moved that the question be now put. A La adore delegate: Is Mr. Harris and Mr. Morgan Thomas prepared to abide by the decision of this meeting? ¡ The Chairman: It was assumed by tho resolution last Saturday that they would accept the decision of the majority. Voice; If the supporters are not honourable we hope the candidates will 00. Mr. B. W. Davies (Neath) remarked it had been said there had been a lot of wire-pulling, and it was well known that gentlemen had gone out from that town to canvas and pack meetings. Such tactics were beneath contempt., and he thought, if Mr. Williams had any honour for Liberalism he would not be a party to the actions of a disappointed minority. (Hear, hear). Mr. John Morris admitted he had gone out to canvas for Mr. Williams. I feel Mr. Williams has been hood- winked over this," he said, "and that. is what has put my back to the wall. I am going to support Mr. Williams to the I end of the tether." Mr. Morris was, entering into his personal efforts for. Liberalism when he was cut phort by It. ¡ delegate remarking: Let's get on with' the business. We don't want an auto- Iliog-.phy." (Laughter). The Chairman remarked that if dele- gates would get up and say they would defy the veriee of the meeting he did not I see the use of continuing the discussion. Mr. Parry Evanii said, taking into con- sideration the feeling of the meeting, he thought it would be perhaps unwise to press his resolution. He was only hoping that the same chivalry would be shown at that meeting as they expected of others. Hia obj'f>C'J in moving the resolution was to get a unanimous vote confirming the result of the ballot in the districts. After a pause, Mr. Evans proceeded: U I have been asked to stick to my resolu- tion. and I will do so. I appeal to you from the bottom of my heart. The only thing I want you to do i? to stick to your Liberalism," (Applause.) The Chairman then put Mr. Evans' reso- lution to the meeting, and on a show of hands declared it carried by a, very large majority. Apparently the only delegates who votfsi against it were the Morriston contingent. iecided to invite Mr. Masterman to address a representative meeting at an en v date, preferably on a Saturday after- noon, to suit the convenience of the work- ing class delegates. }