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WALES & AGRICULTURE ¡WALES & ARICULTUREI I RECORD OF LAST YEAR AND THE I OUTLOOK. A series of interesting and suggestive articles on the present position in agri- cultural affairs appears in the new number of The Live .Stock Journal Almanack," wkich is just published. One article on The outlook after the War" says :— It does not require much imagination to realise that, after this World War has rolled its way to finality, the call for our cattle, should Britain j'ossess a clean bill of health among her herds, will be a considerable one. The European war came at a time when Britain's export, cattle trade looked like expanding some." as the Americans say: hut British breeders and exporters have, un- fortunately, of late years. suffered many set-backs from other causes than war, yet have patiently "abided their time for the mists to steal away. Mr. Richard Stratton toils us it must be clear to everyone that it is of the ut- most importance, at this critical time, to get as much food as possible produced from our home-lands; for, however secure we may feel with the command of the eea," there is no absolute certainty that we may continue in this happy situation. and what the loss of it would mean can hardly he imagined, much less described. It would appear to him that one source of increase d supply might be made very much more use of than at present, viz.. the more general use of good pure-bred bulls on the inferior stock of the country. The effect of such a war as that we are now engaged in is invariably very great. and it would not be rash to estimate that a general use of such bulls would be the means of increasing the beef supply of the country to Rome 15 to 20 per cent. Stock, so bred. adds Mr. Stratton, are not only better animals from every point of ^iew, but eomo to maturity so much quicker than ill-bred stock; and as there happens now to be depression in the pure-bred stock market, owing to the war and the closing of foreign ports, the pre- sent is a mest favourable time for mak- ing a move in the direction indicated. Mr. Stratton knows that there is a pre- valent notion that beef so produced, viz., sired by pedigree bulls, is at the exponse of milk. but this is not really so. Let it not; he forgotten that there aro Short- horns combining milk and beef, and plenty of them, and this is the sort for the tenant farmer. Mr. D. A. Thomas, the eminent breeder of Hereford cattle, opines that it may bo that immediately after the war the ex- haustion, waste, and huge expenditure on non-reproductive work may for a time load to business depression, but follow- ing that he looks for a boom in trade, ir which cattle-brecding should share. The countries which will derive most benefit j from the boom will be those that have 1 not participated in the war. and amonp them will be tho principal customers for British pedigree cattlc. And, adds Mr. Thomas, breeders of ordinary stocTT will be well advised not to sell their animals as calves, but to let them grow into beef, for which he anticipates there will be a strong demand at good prices." In an article on Welsh Cattle in 1914." "Gwalia" writes:— During the year increased opportunities were afforded for show visitors to inspect c hoice specimens of the Welsh breed. The Bath and West at Swansea, the Royal at Shrewsbury, and the Welsh National at Newport all had good classificat ions for the breed, and if the entries were n,f Ao numerous as could have be,-tn desired the quality and typical character of the animals exhibited were very Batisfactory. The show season for Welsh cattle begins at the Christmas meetings as they always form noteworthy sections at Birmingham and Smithfield. At-tlie Midland Counties Show the merit was high, and practically all the animal" exhibited were noticed by the judjjes. Thw bt-et-d lirize wok awarded to the Hon. F. G. Wynn's heifer, Glyn Clod, Lord Harlech's first prifce steer being reserved. Great improvement was also noticeable in the entries at the Smithfic-ld Club Show. It was remarked that the cattle had become shorter on the leg and more compact, riper in flesh, better under hand, finer in bone and hair, while the quality of the flesb seemed to I be all thai the purveyor of meat could desire, even for better class customers. Trade for feeding stock was good, and, as Irish stores were absent for months, Welsh cattle were in brisk demand. Grass- fed animals during the summer and autumn months sold readily at tho Metro- politan market, prices being about ftio same as in the preceding year. As the Bath and West Show was held at Swansea six Classes were given for the breed, but the response was not so good as had bepn expected, the entries being 25 in number. In quality, however, the display was very good. At a meeting of the Welsh Black Catfle Society (Mr. G. Bovill presiding) a dis- cussion arose on the advisability of securing more stringent regulations with respect to the entry of stork, and it was resolved that all members be required to keep a private herd book which should be open to inspection by persons author- ised by the society, and that except in the case of first entries, no entry would be received from any person who did not comply with this regulation. An energetic supporter of W,-I-li riftl, was Colonel ITenry Plait, C.B., who passed away in October. He had taken a large share in the formation of the Welsh Black Cattle Society, and was a success- ful exhibitor of the breed at the leading s hows."


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