I The Cambria Daily Leader" gives later news than any paper published in this dis- trict.
i C A ST L E CINEMA I (Adjoining" Leader" Office.) I Mon., Tues. and Wed., 2.30 to 10J8. THE TRAIL OF THE I LONESOME PINE. A Thrilling Four-Part Lasky Drama, 'featuring Miss Charlotte Walker and I Mr. Theodore Roberts.
A NEW OFFENSIVE CREAT RUSSIAN MOVE DEVELOPING SERBIA'S FRESH CAINS t The Wireless Press Rome corres- pondent says a telegram from a. Ger- man source reports indications of a tremendous new Russian offensive I in the regions of Galicia and Poland. TO-DAY'S RUSSIAN OFFICIAL. I Western Front.—On both sides of I the River Byscait-za, in the regoa I of Dorna Vatra, the enemy, sup- ported by his artillery, launched a series of fierce attacks, compelling our advanced posts to abandon two heights. The enemy's attacks south of the above rogion were without suc- cess. Transylvania Theatre.—In the Bran Pass, and in the Tirculij and Jiuo valleys, fierce enemy attacks con- tinue. Dobrudja.- K 0 event of importance occurred during the 27th October. Wireless Press. TO-DAY'S BRITISH OFFICIAL. The following wa.s issued from British Headquarters in France at 11.17 a.m.:— The enemy artillery was active dur- ing the night-in the neighbourhood of Les Boeut's. Otherwise there is nothing to re- port. SERBIAN OFFICIAL. Salonika, Friday. During local skirmishes favourable to our troops, we captured several enemy trenches. We took 3 Bulgarian officers, 71 rank and file, and one machine gun On Oct. 27th, we advanced a little on the left bank of the Cerna River. Rain has hindered operations. 1 TO-DAY'S BRITISH SALONIKA OFFICIAL. Struma Front.—Enemy advance troops attempted to seize Ormanli after artillery preparation. We successfully drove them back. Wet weather, has seriously inter- cfered;with the operations during past week. the past week. TO-DAY'S FRENCH OFFICIAL. On the Somme front there was an intermittent cannonade. To the north-west of Verdun the ar- tillery duel continued to be very lively in the region of Douau- mont. Our troops have brilliantly captured as the result of grenade attack, a stone quarry which was organised by the enemy to the north-east of Douaumont Fort. Everywhere else the night was calm. ARMY OF THE EAST. The bad weather continues. There is nothing to report except a lively cannonade in the region of Cerna.
WELSH-BORN PREMIER. Assassin's Shot at Mr Hughas in Australia. Reuter's Belfort message says:- The Sydney correspondent of The Age states that an attempt was made to .mpt was rna d p, to assassinate Mr. Hughes, the Australian Premier. A man forced open a window of his house, and fired a revolver into Mr. Hughes's bedroom, doing no harm. how- ever. The would-be assassin escaped.
MORE PIRACY VICTIMS. One Ship Sunk; One Taken Into Cuxhaven. j The steamer Bygdo, of Christiana, has been sunk; the crew has been landed. The steamer FriebOc, with cargo aboard, Laurvig for London, has been taken into Cuxhaven.
EAST AFRICA. I Reorganisation of General Smuts' Forces. The Press Bureau on Friday evening issued the following:— The Secretary of the War Office an- nouneclc- No event of importance has occurred since the issue of the last communique on October lB. The bulk of the German forces in the field remains in the vicinity of the Ruliji River with a strong detachment in the ji Mahenge area. Small British columns are engaged in clearing the country north and south ot the Rufiji delta. The survivors of the German force dis- lodged from Tabora, having reached the Great Ruaha River, split into email parties, which are endeavouring to tra- verse our lines by the numerous bush tracks in order to effect junction with, their detachment in Mahenge district. Reorganisation of General Smuts' troops and repair of the central railway are proceeding.
IT WAS MR. MCKENNA. I An elderly woman, carrying a heavy parcel, was seen croeeing the thoroughfare at Whitehall, and then lean as if ex- haustl-d againsta tree. A gentleman came up and asked her if she wanted any assist- anœ. She replied she would be all right, but the stranger pressed her and oSered to get a taxi. She declined, and ho added politely. At my expend' The offer was stiu declined, and the gentleman, j politely raising hie hat, paeeed D. It was ;1&. McFenns^
AIR FIGHTS IN FRANCE 1 ——— t ONE BRITISH 'PLANE SHATTERS TEN ENEMY I MACHINES. VERDUN COUNTER-ATTACKS I BRITISH OFFICIAL. GENERAL HEADQUARTERS. France, Friday, 8.55 p.m. Heavy rain has continued during the day. Hostile artillery and trench mortars have been active between La Bassee and Hulluch and in the neighbourhood of Beaumont Hamel. We have bombarded the enemy's trenches south of Armentieres. Yesterday enemy aeroplanes showed unusual activity. An aerial engagement took place be- tween a large number of machines on both sides. It i., reported that five machines fell during the fight, two of which were our own. On another occasion one of our pilots. encountering a formation of 10 hostile machines, attacked them single-handed and dispersed them far behind their own lines. FRENCH OFFICIAL. PARIS, Fnday, 11 p.m. On the Somme front there wa,,? siderable actl vi ty by both artilleries ill the sector of Sailly-Saillisel, Bouchave6- nes, and Biach. To the north of Verdun the enemy directed continuous and violent shelling against our fire line established at the ravine of Haudromont, the fort of Douaumont, and the battery of Dam- loup. 4An attempted enemy attack to the west of Douaumont village was stopped dead by our curtain fire. On the rest of the front there is no- thing to report. The bad weather is general and hinders operations.
DOCK MYSTERY. I Another Body Recovered at Swansea. Yet another discovery has been made! at the Swansea docks. Whilst P.C. Bay-j liss was on duty at the King's Dock on Saturday morning, he recovered the body of a man from the water. The description of the man is as fol- lows: Height, 5ft. 10in.; slim build, fair complexion, wearing a serge suit and great coat. The body was conveyed to the mortuary, where it awaits identification and the Coroner's inquest.
BRINK OF A PRECIPICE. M. Venizalos and Greece's Peril. Salonika. Friday received Saturday). A further contingent of soldiers. sailors, > and officers from the Piraeus arrived at Salonika yesterday to join the Sational Army. A crowd cheered them. Add- I sing the arrivals from a hotel balcony, M. j Veniaelos said, though Greece had been 'on the brink of a precipice, they would [serve her. I ——— ——
I ANZAC." I se of the Word in Trade Prohibited. The text of a Bill was issued on Satur- day prohibiting the use of the word Anzac 111 connection with any trade, business, calling or profession. The prohibition also applies to any word closely resembl- ing the word Anzac without the authority of a Secretary of State, notwithstanding such word forms part of a trade mark or of the name of a company or society, or other body. Contravention of the Act carries a penalty entailing a fine.
BIG GUN ACTIVITY. Havre, Fridaye Belgian com- I munique to-day, says:-In the region north of Dixmude, and in the neighbour- | hood of the town, there was artillery activity on both sides of the Yeer. :=-
DUE TO POSTERS. Peking, October 27th.—Chinese people yesterday continued their run on the French Bank at Peking and Tientsin un- I c-easigly. The panic is due to inflamma- tory posters declaring that Paris was in a state of revolution, and that tli* French Government would presently be iiioolvent.-Excliange. I — i
"ALL OVER!" II All over" were the only words uttered by Lieut. Basil Scott Holmes, aged 32, of the King's Royal Rifles, after a motor 'bus had run into a side-car in which he was seated in Garrat-lane, Tooting. The accident occurred on Tuesday night. The lamp of the motor bicycle to which the side-car was attached had gone out, and Lieut. H. H. S. Willey, to whom the cycle belonged, was relighting it when the 'bus came along in the darknees. Lieut. Holmes was the son of Canon Holmes, of Wareham, Dorset.
XMAS POTATOES 3d. PER LB.? Our London Correspondent writes:— j I have the best authority for stating that the President of the Board of Trade is looking into the whole question of the supply of potatoes, and their price, which is rising rapidly. The matter is a com- V?ex one, for the rise is in a great mea- sure due to the badness of the season and the prevalence of disease, and though it would be premature to say that Mr. Runciman has come to a decision in the matter, he is going into it most thoroughly with a view to oipplying all remedial mea- sures possibly at the earliest moment. I Londen retailers are telling their cus- tomers that by Xmas, if things go on un- checked, potatoes will be 20s. per cwt., or 3d. per lb.
WAR PENSIONS COMMITTEE.! The total amount paid by the War Pensions Statutory Committee to local; committees since 1st July for supplemen: j tary pensions, grants, and other allow- anoes, is £ 428,951. The. scheme of local committees is complete, and with very few exceptions they are at work. Con- eider able progress has been made with dia- ablement arrangements. Among other work undertaken by the Committee, outside supplementing æpar- ation allowances and pensions, has been the consideration of some 911 cases where separation allowance has not been granted. or has been granted, and has been stopped owing to some mis-statement when ap- j plication was made. In all suitable cases the War Office has restored or granted 6-epvXe.tion allowance when the Statutory .tbee 4Av4" t
A MESSAGE TO WAlESr "MUST ALL DO BEST TO AVERT WORST" I SAYS WAR MINISTER. I As Mr. Lloyd George was leaving Cardiff on Friday, at the conclusion of tne civic ceremonies, he gave to a Press representa- tive the following mestsa-ge on the war:- The only thing i have to say to the Welsh people is what 1 have to say to everybody, and it is this:—" We must all put forth our beet if we mean to avert the worst." W hen spoken to on Friday morning at Newport on his way to Cardiff, Mr. Lioyd George said that the greatest service Soutii Wales could render to win the war was to produce more coal. Questioned on the subject of more men, he said, Oh, yes, of course; we want more men all over the country, not only from South Wales"
MINIMUM WAGES. I Government Considering Rates for All Workers. The statement made by Mr. Runciman that the Government are considering the question of fixing minimum rates of wages for all workers has been received with satisfaction in labour circles generally, and particularly in those callings outside trade union influence where wages are low a.nd hours of service long. It has been welcomed also by the better class of employers in those callings, many of whom have already voluntarily fixed minimum wages and working hours. The chief West-end drapers, for instance, have formed an association among themselves, and agreed to a minimum wage for their) dressmakers, a 48 hour8 week, and a fort- night's holiday with pay. It is expected that the minimum rates will be fixed by the machinery set up under the Trade Boards Act. The Board of Trade have power to make a provisional order applying the Act in any specified trade if they are satisfied that the rate of wages pervailing in any branch of the trade is exceptionally low as compared with that in othor employments. When the Act was passed in 1909 its operation was confined- to what were known as sweated industries "—namely, ready- made tailoring, card-board box making. m:u\hips* made lace, and chain making. It has since been extended to .sugar confec- tionery and food preserving, shirt-making, hollow-ware making, and linen and cotton embroidering. The minimum rates of wages are fixed in cncli trade by a trade boai'd, consisting of members unconnected with the trade and appointed by the Board of Trade, and members equally representing the employers and the workers. The payment of the rates agreed on is made obligatory by the Board of Trade; and an emnlover who pays less is liable to a fine of £ 20. Among the ca-sæ of low wages brought t.o tbe notice of Mr. Runciman by the National Union of Shop Assistants are those paid to workers in the retail and wholesale 'distribution trades. It was stated that over 10 per cent. of the adult women employed in those trades were earn- ing less than 12s. a week. The union has a membership of 30,000, women as well as men.
U.S. LOAN TO BRITAIN. New York, Friday.—Syndicate partici- pation in the new British Loan is al- ready greatly in excess of the total amount, and there is abundant evidence that the istSue will be a gratifying success.
RELEASED MINERS. Mr. Forsrter has stated that. miners not fit for general sendee are being released from the Army to assit in incrcang the output of coal. If they cease to engage in coal-mining, they are liable to be re- called to the Colours, as they alao are in the event of national emergency.
NEW SERVICE BILL. With a view to straightening out the recruiting problem and removing many of the anomalies which exist, the Primo Minister is to he asked to introduce a third Military Service Bill, says tho Daily Sketch." Failing this expedient, Mr. Asquith will be urged to brfag on at the earliest pos- sible moment the promised debate on the question of man power a.ad the recom- mendations of the Committee presided over by Mr. Austen Chamberlain.
IN PROHIBITED AREAS. Twelve more skippers, making a total of 23 this week, were convicted at an East Coast port on Friday, at the instance of tlwi A dmiralty, for having taken their j vessels into a prohibited area. The magistrate <-aid the Admiralty, in making the regulations, were really the defendants' friends, although they might not appreciate it. Offences such as he was dealing with hampered the work of the Admiralty, and could not be tolerated. Fines ranging trom 1:10 to £ 50, in addi- tion to £2 costs in each case, were imposed, the total penalties IX,üli:ing ,Ç;300.
ENEMY DEPOTS BLOWN UP. The Italian communique issued on Friday states:— In the Lagarina Valley the accurate fire of one of our batteries destroyed the site of an enemy headquarter and some military stores at Isera, west of Rove- reto. On the Julian front the enemy's artil- lery increased its activity from the Ver- toibizza to the sea. Our batteries re- plied with effect, and caused the ex- plosion of two ammunition depots in the Austrian lines. On the Carso a raiding party entered an enemy trench where a heavy calibre trench mortar was captured.
EXPENSES OF VOLUNTEERS. In reference to an inquiry whether the Local Government Board will consider applications by local authorities for ex- penditure by them for the provision of drill grounds and halls, rifle ranges, and other purposes in the interests of the Vcluntoor Force, Mr. Percy A. Harris, the honorary secretary of the Central Association of Volunteer Regiments, has been informed by, Mr. Walter Long that the Board is now prepared to entertain applications from local authorities for [sanction under the Local Authorities l: (Expenses) Act, 1887, to the payment of reasonable contributions in aid of the Uxuenses of the V-otunteam 1
r BACK TO THE PITS. I POSITION OF RELEASED SOLDIER MINERS 1 (By Our Mining Correspondent.) I liUe executive Committee of the South Wales Miners' Federation met at Cardiff on Saturday, Mr. James Win-stone presid- ing. Others present included Mr. T. Richards, M.P. (secretary), Mr. A. Onions (treasurer), Mr. J. 1). Morgan and Mr. J. James (Anthracite District), Mr. John Williams, (Western), Mr. W. Jen- kins (Mid-Glamorgan), and Mr. V. Harts- horn (Maesteg). The principal business was to prepare for the conference of delegates on Mon- day. Other routine business having been transacted, Mr. T. Richards stated that the Hom-e Office, 11m dlg applied to. the! military a-uthoritie'or th,ir return to the pits, for the purpose of increasing the output of coal, of some of the mining soldiers in this country, a large number of men had been put in reserve and sent back to their employment. Several mis- understandings had arisen as to thestatug?. of these men and their obliga^ tions to the military authori- ties under the changed circumstances. He (Mr. Richards) had been in communi- cation with the Home Office upon several points which had been raised, and a letter, which he now read, from Mr. W. Walker, Deputy Chief inspector, cleared up the matters referred to. FREE TO OHANGE EMPLOYER. The letter was as follows:— Referring to your letter of the 23rd ult., a miner who is releaser from the Army and placed in the Army Reserve, Class W., is, so far as regards his employ- ment, in all respecUs in the same position as a miner in civil life, and is at liberty to move from any wlli-ary at whi e-h lie is' working to any othe'r colliery in the United Kingdom, so long as ho informs officer in charge of the records of his whereabouts, so that the military authori- ties may keep in touch with him. This has been definitely agreed to by the War Office. He is also in the same position as a miner in civil life as regards lost time, and the colliery officials should not treat him differently. It is of course important that he and all other miners should work all the rimQ he possibly can. It is not neces- ssary eitheir that the certificate the miners possess should be amended, as no obj ection will be raised to the man leaving from colliery to colliery by the military authori- ties.
NEW TURNOVER: 1s. A DAY. A pig dealer at the Anglesey Appeal Tri- bunal stated his turnover was over £ 10,000 per annum. The appeal was dismissed, but the applicant will not be called up for 21 days.
I BECAUSE MANTLE FELL. A fire broke out on Friday at Messrs. J. and A. Leigh's Brookhouse Mill, Preston, through an incandescent mantle falling upon a pair of wheels. The fire brigade were impeded b ythe dense smoke which filled the rooms, but the fire -v;as confined to two rooms.
FOR THE FALLEN. Requiem Masses will be celebrated simultaneously in all the Roman Catholic churches in England on Sunday, Novem- ber 5, for the soldiers and sailors' who have died in the war. The service has been arranged for Sunday in order to enable members of the working classes to be present. =-=-=-
MISTAKE COSTS I At the Liverpool Police Court on Fri- j day Leonard A. Rowley, licensee of the King's Hall Picturedrome, was fined 10s. for" having allowed to be exhibited at an exhibition for children films not specially suitable for exhibition to child- ren. Eor the defence it was explained that the picture was exhibited by mistake.
VANISHING PINS. The problem as to where the pins go that are turned out in millions and millions by the pin factories has been solved by a Paris scientist. He states that they prap-tically disappear into thin air by changing into ferrous oxide, a brownish rust that soon blows away in dust. An ordinary hairpin took only 154 days to blow away. A steel pen lasted just under 15 months. A common pin took just under 18 months to vanish. A polished steel needle defied the ravages of the atmosphere longest, taking two and a half years to disappear.
WG&SEN IN TROUSERS. The women of New York City have now taken to wearing trousers—worn with braces if the women are fairly slim. or belts if the women are of comfortable proportions (says the New York corre- spo-ndent of the "Daily Express"). The new demand on the part of New York's women is revealed in the recent action of a large New York house which deals exclusively in women's apparel. This firm recently laid in a large stock of blue and khaki women's trousers, in- tended for garden, house, and other ¡' work.
I NEGLICENT STOCKHOLDERS. In the past years the Central Argen- tine Railway Company has circulated amongst stockholders a pamphlet con- taining a verbatim report of the annual meeting. Economy has this year placed a ban on the proceeding, and the chair- man, in emphasising that the saving was justified, stated that on one occasion when they enclosed the dividend war- rants with the pamphlet unopened with its enclosure into the waste paper bas- ket. To this day 100 of these careless stockholders had apparently not missed their dividends. n-
NEED OF SAVING. I Mr. McKenna, Chancellor of the Ex- chequer, sent a telegram to the Glasgow War Savings meeting on Friday to the effect that he doubted whether the vital consequence of the savings movement was fully appreciated. The demand for munitions, men, goods, and services grows daily, and Admiral Jellicoe's and Sir D. Haig's require- ments could not be properly met unless eiviliatig restricted expenditure to the essentials for health and efifciency, and lent their savings to the ?c?ior. Nothing we?ld do more to keep down the cost of I livmg than i1ldividu caving. j
I ENEMY IN- RUMANIA I GERMAN EFFORT TO SHORTEN LlfiE LIKELY Fairly cheerful news comes from Rumanian headquarters. An offensive movement in Western Moidavia (North- em Transylvanian front) resulted in the enem} 'o being obliged to give up posses- sion of the village ot Boiian and the Piatra-Rotkui height. The former lies just over ten miles north-west, and the latter about ten miles south-west of Okna. On the northern Vr all achiall frontier the Rumanians have checked the German offensive, and are now consolidating their positions; and fierce fighting continues on both banks of the Jiul. On tihe other hand, the Russo-Rumanian forces con- tinue to retire in the Dobrudja area. and are now falling back north of the Kac-apkivg line. Hireova of the Danube, some twenty-live iuiies iioi Jii of Czernavoda. THE NEXT MOVE. Petrograd (received Friday). The abandonment of Constanza has led to a further retirement northward from the Cernavoda-Tasavlu line, and it now be- comes an interesting question what will happen in the confined space between the Danube delta and the sea. I Opinion here is not disposed to accept the probability of a Bulgarian advance much further to the north, seeing that while the Rumanians will be able to make good their passage across the Danube they' Bulgarians, if they continued their advance, would risk being caught in a cul de sac between t he swamp-lined river and the coast. Of greater immediate importance is the Transylvania front, and it is probably the withdrawal of troops from the Dobrudja to check Falkenhayn's advance from Transylvania that has enabled the 13nl- I gars to make such rapid progress in the Dobrudja. Falkenhayn has actually succeeded in advancing again from the frontier north of Bucharest, and at jvampolung and on the River Jiul he is now 20 miles within I Rumanian territory. The chief object of the Germans would-secm to be, in view of their decreasing number of men, to shorten as soon as possible the long, pro- jecting 700 mile front. — Daily Chronicle."
I GIFT OF A COUNTESS. I In accordance with tho offer of the Countess of Carlisle, the deed of gift for .Castle Woods and Banks Park Close and station and plantations has been handed to the Corporation of Morpeth, for the use of the inhabitants, by tho Hon. Geoffrey Howard, M.P., on his mother's behalf.
IN MESOPOTAMIA. I The Secretary of the War Office makes the following announcement: Since the eomrn uniq ue. of the 21st inst. there MUM thing fresh to report. The situation on the Tigris and Euphrates lines remains unchanged.
I MR..R.CROKE R'S STU D. '1 Messrs. Goff and Co. sold at Gleneairn, County Dublin, on Friday, the racing and breeding stud of Mr. R. Croker, consisting of horses in training, brood mares, yearl- ings, and foals. The highest price realised was 1.950 guineas for the three-year-old mare Eleauor M, by Orby—Vain Glory. She was IxmgTit by her trainer, M. Arnott, on behalf of Mr. G. Lambton. J
I 44 NOT SO BAD." A tourist in Scotland found the sunset at a Highland village one of the most glorious he had eter 6oon. U By (ieorge!"? he exclaimed to an impassive native; that's a glorious 6unset, isn't it?" The native shrugged his head a little and j looked critically at the glowing west. "No bad." he drawled; no bad at a' fer a wee place like this."
I LIFEBOAT DISASTER. Salcomb lifeboat left the harbour on Friday morning to go to the assistance of a schooner ashore eastward of Prawie Point. Her help was not required, and she returned. She was sighted off the harbour about ten o'clock, w hen she was i struck by a heavy sea and turned over, j | The crew were seen struggling, clinging! I to the keel, but assistance was impossible lowing to the fearful sea, and only hlo: men were saved of the crew of fifteen.
ANOTHER WELSH COAL DEAL An offer of t9 for each £ 5 share of the International Colliery Company (Limi- ted) has been mad3 by a syndicate repre- sented by Lord Rhondda, Mr. A. Mitchcl- son, and Mr. Seymour Barry, which has recently effected several dealings in South Wales Collieries. The International Com- pany has a capital of £ 85,000, and the dividend last year was 10 per cent., with a 5 per ocnt. bonus. The annual output of steam coal is about 200,000 tons.
LICENSED HOUSES CLOSED. The Central Cortrol Board (Liquor í Traffic) has this week issued orders clos- ing four. licensed premises for the sale and; supply of intoxicating liquor-one in Lon-i don, two in Liverpool, and one in Merthyr: Tvdfii—for the remainder of the licensin° g' 0 year. This brings the number of houses which the Board have dealt with in this manner: in different areas in Great Britain to 44. ¡
ANXIOUS TO MEET HUNS. There have been animated scenes each: day during this week at the Admiralty; recruiting office near the entrance to the' Mall, at Charing Cross. The crowd. I though not so great as that which used to assemble at the Old Scotland Yard over the way, is sufficiently large to give indication that there is no lack of incli- nation to keep the senior service well up to the standard, nor of men anxious to meet the enemy on the sea.
EVERY FIT MAN WANTED. I The strain on the manhood of the I nation is such that. we must look for- ward to the necessity of every single, able-bodied man going to the front,? said Lord French at Leeds on Friday. For the present we must all and each in his own way pursue our path, glorifying in the splendid bravery of our troops, and (hrognh the trouble, anxiety and bereavement, we have still to underg-o each one silently and confidently looking forward to the end, and doing his very | utmost in his own way, f-4) that it would kad to a glorious victory and fc) peace [ and prosperity." 1
TO-DAYS WAR RESUME header Office, 4.50 p.m. Ten German de.stroyers made a Vain effort to raid British cross-channel transports. The enemy lost two de- stroyers, and sank one destroyer, dis- abled a second, and sank an empty transport. Attested men of 41 are to be drafted to the reserve. Mr. Lloyd George says the greatest serTIce í South Wales could render to win the war was to produce more coal. Reinforced by troops from the Danube, the enemy forces before Monastir are making a stand. Bulgarians in the Dobrudja are unlikely to advance much farther, as they might find themselves in a cul de sac. Russo-Rumanian outposts have aban- doned two heights near Dorna Vatra, in thti face of the fierce attacks. A great new Russian offensive is said to be developing in Galicia and Poland. Serbian forces yesterday captured several^ trenches, 74 Bulgarians, and a machine gun.
TO-DAY'S NEWS IN BRIEF j a It is a great pity old people do not stay at home in the evening.—The Stepney coroner. Sir Douglas Haig was on Saturday unanimously elected Rector of St. Andrews Uni versi ty, Capt-tin the Prince of Wales was on Friday night gazetted, a general staff officer, second grade, to date September 29. The Press Association is informed by. Scotland Yard that three prisoners of war escaped from camp at Stobs, Scotland, all Friday night. A sidelight on the prevalence of juvenile crime is provided by the fact that there is no available accommodation in the Wil- iesden Boys' Home. Mr. Asquith's statement shows without doubt that the opinion of the Cabinet is favourable to the Channel tunnel scheme. —Mr. A. Fell, M.P. This is the last day on which members of the Australian naval and military forces in Great Britain may vote on the conscription referendum. If seven o'clock meant the ruin of the small shopkeepers, I am quite sure eight, o'clock will not save them.—Secretary. Early Closing Association. A great deal of religion is very care- fully kept concealed from an over-strained desire to avoid appearing better than our iielg]iL-oui-s.-Lord Seiborne. The Lord Kitchener National Memorial Fund amounts to i i f, £ 2,990 from the members of the Baltic Exchange, making their total = £ 7,417. -delbourne. Friday.—Mr. Higgs, Con- monwealth Treasurer, vice president of the Executive Council; and Mr. Russell, Assistant Minister, have resigned. Reuter. Following representations at Dublin Castle, the prohibition by the military of excursion trains in connection with Mr Redmond's Sligo meeting on Sunday has. been withdrawn. A man fined by the London Munitions Tribunal on Friday for taking matches into a fae-tory was employed in the bomb store,-where there were millions of rounds of live ammunition. At least 30 factories producing 150,000 tons of sugar could have been built out of the money lost by the sugar shortage this year.—Chairman, English Beet Sugar Pioneer Association. The remains of Lieut. F. F. Archibald, Canadian forces, who died in a Chatham hospital from wounds, were cremated at Goldeis Green and the ashes placed in an urn and sent to Montreal. On the ground that the Alhambra queue blockades his tobacco shop,, a Greek named Gerakis applied for an injunction in Chancery. Permission was given to apply for a speedy trial of the action. The Petroleum Products Company of California, Incorporated, San Francisco. California, is in Friday night's London Gazette removed from the Foreign Ofiieo list of those with whom trading is pro- hibited. Buying for the Argentine, Republic, Mr. -) f r. Matthew Marshall paid 1,100 guineas for a shorthorn pedigree bull at the disposal of the stock of Mr. George' Harrison, a prominent breeder, on Friday, at Darling- ton. The total of this fcale was £ 5.270.
CORRUPT PRACTICES. Proposed New and Drastic Legislation. The text of a Bill to be introduced by Mr. Herbert Samuel was issued on Satur- day amending the law relating to the pre- vention of corruption. The new Biil pro- vides that a person convicted of a mis- demeanour under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1906, or Public Bodies Corrupt Practices Act, 1881, shall, where the matter of transaction in relation to which the offence was committed was a contract or a proposal for a contract with his Majesty or any Government Depart ment or any public body, or sub-contract to execute any work comprised in such contract, be liable to penal servitude for a term not exceeding seven, nor less than three, years, provided that nothing in this. section silau prevent the infliction in addition to penal servitude of such punishment as under the last mentioned Act may be inflicted in addition to im- prisonment. Another clause provides that where in any proceedings against a person for an offence under the above mentioned Acts it is proved that any money or other consideration has been paid to or received by a person in the employment of his Majesty or Govern- ment Department, or public body, by or from a contractor or agent of a contractor holding a contract from the Government or public body, the money shall be deemed to have been paid or given and received corruptly as an inducement or reward, unless the contrary is proved.
NO BELLS AFTER DARK. Owing to the nilw lighting restrictions, the time of the evening service at many Lancashire churches is to be altered. In a large number of cases this has already taken place, the time for the service being fixed at 5.30 in place of 6.30, and six o'clock instead of seven o'clock. The tolling of church hells is entirely prohibited after dusk, and a prominent police official writes a.-king that mini- sters and church officials should care- fully note this-
COL. ELKINGTON. To Receive the D.S.O. The Press Bureau makes the follow. ing announcement:- The following announcement will be I p-jtblithed in the London Gazette," published to-day r—His Majesty the King has been graciously pleaeed to ap- point Lieut.-Col. John Ford Elkingtou Royal Warwick Regiment) to be com- panion of the D.S.O. [Col. Elkiugton is the officer recently restored to his rank in'the British Army following his gallantry while serving with the Foreign Legion.J THE CHANNEL RAID. u.ncifci List of OffiWrs and Men Saved. The Admiralty announces that th* following officens find men were sar jd I from II.M.S. FI-t:- Officer^.—Sub.-Lieut. John D. G. Cha, R.N.R., and Mr. John E. Barter, Acting Gunner, R.N. Men.—George Edward Ilaukuvs, A.B., Js25075 (P.O.); Frederick Cocil Higgins, A.B., Ss I tS (P.O.); Alexander J.nne; S.M.N., R.N.E., 6S99a; Sydney Charles PLilpott, Sig. R.N.V .R., London, i jSf; Reginald Owen Riggs, A.B., .T2(i29 P.O.): Charles Smith, A.B., J23IS4 1]).0.); and James Frederick Trevolt, A.B., J23916 (,P.O.). LLANELLY WOUNDING CASE. At the A seizes at Carmarthen to-duv, font da (301, indicted for wound- ing, her husband at Llanelly, said, "I did it in self-defence." The jury found her not guilty, and -he was discharged. i i*