te Cambria Daily Leader" gives later news than any paper published ID this dis- trict.
CASTLE CINEMA. (Adjoining Leader Offioa.) MONDAY, and During the Week. CHARLIE CHAPLIN'S. BURLESQUE on "CARMEN." As Jjlssanay Chaplin Comedy in Foar Acts.
TRENCHES TAKEN FURTHER SUCCESSES BY THE BRITISH FRENCH HAUL OF PRISONERS ALLIED AVIATORS BOMB RASLWAY STATION TO-DAY'S BRITISH OFFICIAL. The following telegraphic dis- patch was received from the British Headquarters in France at 11.30 a. rn. Lat night there was some sharp hand-to-hand fighting in High Wood, Vhere we captured a Ger- man trench, taking two officers and 19 Bavarian prisoners. In this operation heavy casualties were inflicted on the enemy. There has been considerable hostile artillery activity against our front north of Pozieres and in the neighbourhood of Mouquet Farm. In this sector a small hostile in- fantry attack was easily repulsed. A detachment of the enemy which attempted to advance in the direction of Courcelette was stopped by our fire. Our troops carried out several suc- cessful enterprises in the neigh- bourhood of Arras and the Hohen- zollern redoubt, north of Neuve Chapelle. The enemy trenches were entered and some prisoners taken, and other casualties in- flicted. TO-DAY'S FRENCH OFFICIAL. To the south of the Somme we cap- tured, in the course of a local operation, a small wood to the east of Belloy-en-Fanterre, and made fresh progress in the enemy's trenches to the east of Beniecourt. The reports which reached us from various sectors of the Somme front agr-e as to the importance of the losses sustained by the enemy during the recent attacks. The number of German dead found in the communication trenches and shelters is considerable. The number of prisoners taken by the French troops alone to the north and south of the Somme since Sotvt«m.b,-r 3rfl new itache? 7,703, -ir.cl-ldirig about lOG oilers. On the right of the Meuse the artil- lery duel continues intense in the Fieury, Vaux Chapitre, and Chenois region. Towards 2 o'clock the Germans at- tacked ihe positioni which we captured on the 6th in the Vaux Chapitre Wood. Our barrage fire smashed all the at- tempts of the enemy. The night was relatively calm on the rest of the front. SALONICA FRONT. There was an intermittent artillery duel in the region of Mont Veles and Lake Doiran. The Serbian troops, after a livety combat, captured a small height situate to the west of Lake Ostrovo. WESTERN FRONT. Aviation.-In spite of a violent wind during the night of 8th-9th Sept., one of our air squadrons dropped 24 shells on the railway station at Etain and Conflaus, and on the factories at Rom bach. TO-DAY'S BRITISH SALONICA OFFICIAL. The General Officer Command- ing British Forces at Salonica re- ports:- The artillery duel on our Doiran front continues. On our Struma front, on the even- ing of the 7th September, our ar- tillery silenced an enemy battery which was firing Orljak Bridge. Our artillery dispersed several Pes in the evening. TO-DAY'S BRITISH EGYPTIAN OFFICIAL. The General Officer Command. ing-in-Chief in Egypt report6; On September 8th three of our aeroplanes again raided El Mayar. Of the 20 bombs dropped, 11 were seen to take effect on the enemy camp.
SWEETS FOR CENTENARIAN. A letter has been received by Mrs. Wihineup, 6. Webster-etreet, ayerthorpe, York, from the King congratulating her upon her recent entry into her 101st year and expressing satisfaction that she has ten grandchildren serving King and coun- try. Queen Alexandra lias also sent a mes- sage of greeting to Mrs. Whincup and a parcel containing tea, cocoa, sugar, and a box of sweets. Mrs. Wlifncnp's eleventh grandson, re- cently joined the colours.
CHEAPER BACON AND MEAT. Irish bacon dropped 5s. a cwt. oil the London Provision Exchange on Friday. At Smithfield it was. expected that, ow- ing to a temporary increase in the supply of meat, prices would be ",lightly reduced. Pork was 2. per lb. cheaper yesterday than on the previous Friday-I0!d.. as oompared with Is. Id. At mental new wheats made a record starting price of 62s. and 64s. per quarter -figlll"M hitherto unknown to the present generauon.of farmers and merchants.
IHINDENBURC ES WEST GERMANY'S IDOL VISITS THE StiMlEFBUiiT Amsterdam, Saturday.—Professor Weg- ener, the war correspondent oi the "Col- ogne Gazette," reports train Headquarters tnat tne new Clnet of the General olull. Marshal von liindeaburg, is now visiting for tue tirl time the western front. ".1. wa. present at tile station wnen iii6 tralll arrived, J bays the Professor. "At first tiie Crown j/ruice aiighced, who had ac- t-ompamed Marshal von iimdenburg for tome portion oi tue journey, and greeted the omcers who had assembled ior his re-1 teption. Then the Field-Ma rsnai left the irain. I had never seen Marshal von llmd-eoiburg before, and 1 was surprised at the impression. lie appeared to me to ue a much younger and iretsiier man than I had thought. Alter the presentation oi the officers, the Crown Prince and Mar-j siiai von Iimdenburg and their suites left the station and entered carriages. The Crown Prince liad his guest on his right, and amid the loud hurrahs of the crowd the curi-lages ilit tar tue Association War Special.
| MILITARY Rtt?OURCESJ I British and French Ministers exchange Views. Press Bureau, Saturday.—At a confer- ence in Paris this week between French and British Ministers for War and the Ministers of Munitions, an interchange of views took place as to the conclusion to be drawn from the recent military opera- tions. Measures were discussed for the most effective employment of the joint military re-sources of France and of Britain and satisfactory conclusions were 1 arrived Ltt.
I ARCHBISHOP'S STORY. 'I The Primate of All Ireland (Dr. CrùÚer), speaking at l'i %7 u, County Fermagh, with reference to the ibraver.v of Ulster troops on the Somme, said Colonel Ricardo wrote him that one man with both legs shot off above the knf-e used his rifle and bayonet as crutches and charged up the German trenches, fall- ing dead over the parapet.
LAUGH RESTORES SPEECH. In a letter of thanks to Mr. Seymour Hicks for the entertainment given to Newfoundland soldiers at Princes" Theatre, a representative of the New- foundland Government Office wrote;- "The men assured me they had not laughed for so long on end these many months. A man who had lo&t his power of speech through shock suddenly regained, it after the flashlight photograph, was taken. Continuous laughter may have ¡ had something to do with it."
j cu*!dt ac onr*D | I Stockholm, Friday. —According to the! Affcerscerlden," a further reduction will take place in Germany in the amount or sugar allowed for public consumption, j Henceforth each person will be entitled to receive only 300 grammes (a little over liali a pound) of sugar per fortnight. Horse chestnuts are being used for fodder, and also for. producing a kind of oil which, it is said, can be used as human food. On the 28th of August, the day after Rumania's declaration of war, the Ger- man Chancellor prohibited the sale of petroleum for lighting purposes.
I NOT LIKE RUHLEBEN. I Middloburg, Friday (received Saturday). I —Among 91 passengers arriving at Flush- ing on board the Prinz Hendrik were 40 German interned civilians who had been released from the Isle of Man. One of them told a quite different story from those usually heard. He praised the treat- I ment of Gt'rmans by the British He said certainly the food suppLied at intern- ment camps is monotonous, but it could not be expected to be otherwise in view of I the fact that 25,000 men had to be pro- vided for. He was well treated in hospital.
I A GENERAL'S ESCAPEE. I Petrograd, Friday (received Saturday). -On General Sakharoff's front an enemy aeroplane caught fire. The aviators were soon descending in a parachute to their own tines. General Korniloff, formerly command- ing the 48th Russian Division, escaped from a prisoners' camp in Austria and arrived in Bucharest after a month of adventure. He travelled by night across Hungary, frequently having nothing to eat for days. A large reward was offered for his re-oapture. In one forest he was stopped by Hungarian gendarmes, who killed one of his companions, also an escaped prisoner- He himself succeeded in hiding. Eventually General Korniloff reached the Rumanian frontier.—Press Association War Special.
I RAILWAYMEN'S WAGES. Arrangements have been made for a meeting next week between the railway executive and representatives of the National Union of Railwayman to discuss the men's demand for an advance in wages of los. a week. Lord Claud Hamilton, chairman of the Great Eastern Railway; Viscount Churchill, chairman of the Great West- ern; and Mr. Cosmo Bon-aor, chairman of the South-Eastern, have already had inter- views with Board of on the question at issue. The course of action to Vx* taken by the companies has not yet been definitely de- cided, but it is stated that in all proba- bility they will ask, in face of any conces- sion to the men, that the Government, as the chief authority in connection with the eoTJlrol of railways, should accept re- spolaibility for any advatu*} frl the ocale of pay.
TRADES UNION CONGRESS I, THE CO-OPERATIVE MOVEMENT AND militant ihade unionism I SPIRIT Of COMRADESHIP Birmingham, Saturday. The closing session of the Trades Union Congress was held to-day. It was moved by Mr. J. W. Olark (Sci- entific Instrument Makers), and seconded by Mr. John Turner (Shop Assistants), that (he Congress is of opinion that tne development of the co-operative movement is essential to a militant trade union lllovelllcntz and invites the Co-operative Congress to appoint a committee of six to meet a similar number appointed by this Congress to prepare plans for mutual assistance in developing the productive, distributive and banking activities of the co-operative movement, al ways providing that the co-operative movement, as re- presented by the Co-operative Union, Ltd., is prepared to recognise the trade union rates of wages and conditions of employ- ment, Aw laid down by the trade union ambltcd to the Trade Union Congress. The motion was agreofl to. I' INSPECTION OF BUILDINGS. Resolutions on Government inspection of buildings and workers1 house accom- modation were passed without discussion. j BRITISH AND COLONIAL TRADE UNIONISM. The Amalgamated Society of Tailors and Tailoresses brought up the following: That in the opinion of this Congress it is desirable and necessary to extend and strengthen the kindred ties which exists between the British trade union move- ment and the trade union, movement of the Dominions." Mr. T. A. Flynn, Manchester, moved it. Mr. John Hill (Boilermakers), t-aid it was hoped to develop the spirit of com- radeship which had been revoked by Liio war. The motion was carried with one dis- sentient. Mr. J. Sexton (Docker^), in an amus- ing speech, moved the following resolu- tion: That in order to avoid future misunderstandings of the political aims overlapping, this Congress expresses the opinion that the organised trades unions of the United Kingdom should take the necessary stepis to effectively control and concentrate trade union political ctiOJl I through the Trades Union Congress only." I.L.P. MEMBERSHIP. Mr. Sexton said the motion was not a hardy annual," and if not adopted it, would hob up serenely next year. (Cries of "next business.") It was not the first time he had led a forlorn hope. Fact", proved that the labour machinery j was devilishly out of repair. (Laughter). Proceeding to give the figures of member- ship ot the various bodies, he remarked that the Independent Labour Party had 30,000 members—on paper. (Laughter), The membership of that body neither i ebbed nor flowed. It was always 30,000. j (Laughter). The Fabians claimed to be, »< I il1111.1 Uil v;i 1.1.,1, • •>.» ironically, "are we not all com- rades? (Laughter). Timo was when tli,, wor(I had some significance, but it was now a cant phrase, and used by the political charlatan and the swash buckler. (Loud laughter). He charged the I.L.P. with attending a special conference in London, and then absolutely repudiating the decision of an assemblage of which they were part and parcel. There were mushroom organisations which were sucking the life blood of the labour movement. ("Hear, hear, Jim. I quite right.") Anybody could become a member frOlll the peer to tfle ploughman, and from tne countess to the charwoman. (Loud laughter). j MR. J. H. THOMAS'S OPPOSITION. Mr. Gardner (Navvies), seconded. Mr. Cooper (Cigar Makers, London), was for making the Congress the supreme representative of tradv union organisa- tions. Mr. J. H. Thomas, M.P., strenuously opposed driving out of the movement men who had contributed to it some of its best brains. (Hear, hear).
ITALIAN AIR RAID. 1 Bombs Amongst 4,000 Tons of Explosives. Paris, Saturday.—The Matin reports from Rome that an Italian airship has bombarded Lussin Piccolo, an Austrian port on the Adriatic, in which 4,000 tons of explosives were stored. An explosion waa observed.
AMERICAN COTTON CRUP. A cable received in Liverpool on Friday states that the United States Ginners' report gives the quantity of cotton ginned up to September 1 as 850,000 bales, as against 464,000 bales last year, 480,000 bales in 1914, and 799,000 in 1913.
MORE FRIGHTFULNESS. A conscript, who was fined 40s. "and handed over to an escort at Willesden, on Friday, shouted as he left the court: I shall be a traitor to my country, don't forget it. I'll see that fifty Zepps come over before IJve done.
ON THE EUPHRATES. War Office, Friday.—During the cur- rent month there have been no develop- ments on the Tigris front. A reconnais- ance by friendly Arabs discovered that hostile irregulars were, between Septem- ber 2 and 4, still in the vicinity of Ain (on the Euphrates, forty-six miles west of Nasiriyeh). Our friendlies returned, under the ob- servation of two British gunboats, with- out engaging the enemy.
feROUGHT DOWN IN HOLLAND] Amsterdam, Friday (received Saturday). The Belgian journal Les Nouvelles," which is published at Maestricht. states that a German monoplane bearing the number A201G and on its tail number 97, landed in Dutch territority in the viHage of Pvosberen. It came from the north- west, and had flown twice over the village and -hen over the Belgian town of Maeseyck. It repassed over Dutch terri- tory, where it was received with rifle fire from Dutch soldiers. The machine was hit with bcdlets in the wings and petrol reservoir. The piiot, a German officer. said he had been making' a reconnaissance and his bus^ was Cologne. The aeroplane was armoured, and carried a machine- gun and a photographic apparatus. Tho aviatoi' has been interned.-Prws Aasocia- Oun War Special,
| RUMAm'S BATTLE. <0-- I DESPERATE FIGHT RAGING ON WHOLE OF DCBfiUDJA FSOiiT. I TRUTH ABOUT TURTUKAI Rome, Friday.—Petrograd reports that the Russians in the Dobruja have taken tile, offensive against the Bulgarians ?jid Germans, and that a great battle has begun over the vhole front, which is par- ticularly desperate near Baltchik. Wire- less Press. Paris, Friday.—An order of the day of the commander of the Russian Expedi- tionary Corps, General Zajouhkovski, states:— From August 27 the expeditionary corps becomes part of the Rumanian Army. Long ive the King! On the battlefields of Dobruja, Russia, Serbia, and Rumania ,Aill tight together for the common cause. Our brot hers in battle will in truth be brothers."—Wireless Press. RUMANIAN OFFICIAL. Bucba rest. Till lsday.—The following official commv.n<1 ue has been issued here: After despcrte fighting the enemy occupied Turfuiui. Renter. THAT VICTORY." I Amsterdam, Friday.—The German news- paper.? greet tic- capture of Turtukai with jubilation. ?]?e Cologne Gazette re- calls the fact thit Mottke considered this the best pour for crossing the Danube, but it does no predict a Bulgarian march against Bucharest. Similar rc-t?ence is observed by the Kolnische .'oik?eifung." which men- tions that Budiarest is a great camp and fortress, and continues:— By the cart ire of Turtukai at any rate this crossing or the is barred to the Rumanians aad thcr Russian allies, and that in itself u an important victory, even if one leaves out of account any possible l ftrther suçcessei>Reuter. I NOT A GRRT FORTRESS. Router's At?cy "arns in an authorita- tive quarter thac ?at is happening in the Dobruj? is more or less what ;a,9 ex- pected. As to thf'?rman claims regard-? ing prisoners at 'I?rukai, it is only neces- sary to point outtha.t there were not as many Rumanian loops in the district con- cerned ag the tjneiy says he has captured. A retirement, fHn Turtukai fs not a matter for any irprise. It is not the strongly fortifiedplacv that the Germans would have one hieve. It is a small town of some S,(K;fl iHabitants, with earth- works. but cerunly not an important fortress. WAR ITEMS'ROM BUCHAREST. I B.U!h}reRt.VlCliday. (received Satur- day).—The Aus'o-Hungarian Minister and members of the Austro-ITungarian Legation left Btharest: this morning. 'accompanied by l. Cantacuzene, who is I also entrusted wh the repatriation of Rumanian missi-.s in Turkey, Bulgaria, Attstria-Hun?m?!ttd Germany, which are tv }'tlL-J'' tJ. -)0" o_ -r !retrograd, Army 11a, occupied Pt:'trograd.1 Or?ova. an imponnt st?atpgic point com- manding OH' p:?.?p of the Danube. Pub- lie opinion is attntively following events in Greece. M Venice!os h^ sent a cordial telegram to M. Bratiiri). ongratulating him on Rumania's infe:-ention, and expressing his wishes for tb (realisation of Rumania's national aspirafms. The Rumania' Government has pro- tested to i he CbDcelleries ag;inst Rul- garia having a lacked without at previous declaration or var. The occupaLiti of Turtukai by Bul- garian and Gk-man troops, after four days' heroic resfftance by the Rumanian garrison againstforces four times superior, has been receivd by public opinion with admirable sangroid. In authoritative circles the occupation is considered a pain- ful but inevitable episode of a stubborn stuggle, countinglittie in comparison with the highly imporatt successes gained be- yond the Carpathifins. The defence of ihe left bank: of the Danube is regards as assured. Important Rumanian effectives in the Dobrudja co-operaing with the Russians will carry out opirations in region of the Danube and tie Dobrudja. ACCIDENT fO CURATE V.C. The Rëv! Edw.rd Noel Mellish, Dept- ford curate and Victoria Cross hero, has met with a serious accident at Saighton Grange, Cheshire, the residence of Coun- tess Grosvenov, where he was staying with his motlie-, having been invalided with trench fevsr. A few days ag) in the darkness he clip- ped down some stone steps, sustaining concussion of the brain. He has been unconscious eYr since, but yesterday he was considerably beter, though not out of danger.
ACTRESS'S LOST NECKLACE. Charged witi stealing a valuable pearl necklace, th" property of Miss Doris Keane, the actress, Michael Cunningham, an electrical assistant at the Lyric Theatre, was at Marlboro.ugh-stroot on Friday sent tc prison for three months in the second division. It was stated that on August 30 the neck- lace slipped through a hole in a bag, and no trace of it could be found. A reward of S200 was offered and on Wednesday the accused went to Miss Keane's dressing- room with tha necklace, which he said he had just found under the stage. Later, Cunningham, who pleaded guilty, admitted finding the necklace on the stairs He put it in his pocket, and taking it home forgot all about it Until he saw the offer of the reward, which he thought lie ought to receive.
WRITING ON THE WALL. The best thought of a variety of keen brains upon every pliase of the world war is admirably presented week by week in Public Opinion," which aptly describes itseli as A Weekly review of what people think, say, and do." The Approaching Defeat of the Central Powers" may almost be said to be the keynote of tbv, current iesue, and in a remarkable selec- tion of opinions the editor gives in com- pact form the rea:S01) which have induced many careful students of the war to be- lieve that they can see plainly the writ- fng on the wall." But every phase of the war receives adequate recognition, and it may be said that Public Opinion does a very useful work in familiarising the thinking section of the public with" the things that matter in connectim witb I the great struggle.
r INDUSTRIAL FATIGUE i MEDICAL REPORT TO THE BRITISH I ASSOCIATION I THE SIRAIN OF WARFARE NFTWCASTLE, Saturday. This being the closing day ot the British Association meetings, the programme was a light one. Interest mainly centred in the question of industrial fatigue, which occupied the attention of the Economic Section, when a report was presented by the committee of the Association to whom the investiga- tion had been entrusted. In this was incorporated a special report from one of the members. Dr. Maitland. who during the war in Serbia had had special opportunities of observation, and who remarked that the soldier has a limited capacity for work, but if "A; lias been carefully trained that capacity may be increased. On the other hand, if his capacity is exceeded and recuperation is not permitted to him, that capacity may undergo so much diminution as to render him quite unfit for military purposes. Military necessity, thoilllpossibility of bringing up relays for replacement, the inability to provide sufficient rest, and in- terrupted sleep prevent the Army from getting the greatest possible value out of the unit. It was indeed found that long continued trench strain resulted in cases of breakdown, which certainly recovered after a period of rest, but such cases were left with a shorter period of utility on their return to the trenches, and, breaking down again, were frequently discharged as of no further use. Not only was the period of activity shortened, but the quality of their work deteriorated, as evinced by their inaccurate shooting, by their inability to time hand grenade fuses, by hesitation in matters which demanded quick and intelligent deci- sion. and in various other ways. It is obvious we must dispense with the hopp of obtaining an ideal working day for each military unit. All that we can reasonably hope for is that with the pre- sent greater ability to. supply reinforce- ments, we can diminish the strain, as well as more frequently replace the actual: lighting units, and it becomes a matter of the greatest urgency that with this ability iiid with the growing delicacy of percep- tion in the anticipation of the breaking- point. a greater discretion might be PIll- ployed to Tire vent it. THE DECIMAL SYSTEM. Another subject was the decimal svstem. introduced by Dr. Hunter, of Messrs. Swan, Hunter and Co., the shipbuilders, i of Wallsend, who stated that the founda- tion of his address had been laid by Sir Richard Benbridge, who was unable to be present. Dr. Hunter said the time had now come when the subject of decimal coinage and weights and measures must be very seri- ously taken up, if Great Britain was to hold her own in the keen competition aftel the war. For a period of some years not between Ger., as neutya'i but ,.«o far wouldnaturally place most of their orders with those -who used the weights and measures to which they were accustomed.
SWANSEA TRIMMERS. 0 No Settlement of Disputed Points. The dispute between the Swansea coal trimmers and shippers has not up to the present time been settled. Indeed the general outlook is far from promising, I and, we hear, unless something is shortly done to bring about a settlement, that! there will be trouble again, and pos- sibly a stoppage of operations early next week. A meeting of the Trimming Board has been held at Swansea this week. The men sought to prove the custom of the six points in dispute. The Trimming Board. however, failed to be c onvinced of the proof of custom prior to the war, and said the matter should be referred to the panel at Cardiff for settlement in accord- dance with the agreement arrived at there a week or two ago. The men, however, made certain suggestions on the basis of measurements, which were submitted to a meeting of the Swansea Chamber of Commerce on Friday, but no settlement resulted, nor was anything done in re- gard to the men's idea of agreement upon the basis of measurements, and the opin- ion is that the whole of the questions in dispute will eventually be relegated to the Cardiff panel for settlement.
SWANSEA DOCK SCANDAL. Military Authorities Moving. Steps are actively proceeding with. a view to suppressing the scenes at Swan- &ea Docks, about which so much has ap- peared in these oolum11t; during the past couple of weeks. The latest development is the receipt of an important communi- cation from the military authorities. It will be considered by a meeting of the Swansea Harbour Trustees during the coming week.
GERMAN TYRANNY. Belgians Punished for Their Loyalty Amsterdam, Saturday.—The Tele- graaf learns that the frontier town of Lokeren. between Antwerp and Ghent, has been punished because the inhabi- tants refuse to work for the Germans. Nobody is allowed to leave the town, and cominunicati-an with surrounding villages has been broken off. Amsterdam, Friday.—According to the Echo de Beige," German authorities have arrested inumerous civilians in east Flanders for refusing to work in the in- terests of Germans, and rumours are current in Belgium that the German in- tend to arrest and send to Germany all young men between the agos of 18 and 25 years.
I BIG STRIKE OF MILLERS. Employes at the flour mille in Liver- pool and Birkenhead struck work on Fri- day. Thousands of workers are in- volved.
I A DOUBLE TRAGEDY. Toronto, Friday.—Mrs. E. A. Victor, the wife of the English writer who was killed at a level crossing near here two days ago, went out in a canoe yesterday, and no trace has been found of her since. Mr. and Mrs. Victor had been in Can- ada five months, engage-d on work in connection with the problem of emi- gration to Canada, from Englahd aftei the war.-Retiter.
TO-DAYS WAR RESUME Leade)-" Ollie,! 4*50 ;aj In the British official this afternoon it is reported that we captured last night, during sharp hand-to-hand righting in High Wood, a German trench, taking two officers and 19 Bavarian prisoners. An Ialian airship has bombarded Lussin Piccolo, an Austrian port on tHe Adriatic, in which 4,000 tons of explo- sives were stored. An explosion was observed. i The Irish regiments figured prominently in the capture of Guillemont on Sep- temb?r 3rd, and behaved with great da..h and gallantry. It is stated that the new Chief of the General Stafi', Marshal von Hindc-n- burg, is visiting for the first time the Western front. The Rumanian ArllJ- has o,"pied Or- i)(}. SM :h. manding the passage oi the Lauuue. I
HELPING BELGIANS, I fvir. Walter Long and Work of Local Cuffiittstiees. The total, amount of money issued by ithe War Pensions Statutory Committee 'to local committees for work since Ju'y 1st to date is £305,04-8. Mr. Long, in a Local Government Board circular issued on Saturday states he has appointed Mr. Basil Peto, M.P., to act under him as an unpaid Chief Commissioner for Belgian refugee affairs. Some 250,000 refugee, states the circular, have come to this country, and Mr. Long 4 deeply im- pressed with the efforts made by various local committees and private hosts to at- tend to the needs of the Belgian guests. On behalf of the Government he expressed thanks to them and to the War Refugees' Committee. Ti)--(Ia?-. the c-at' Belgian workmen are in employment, and largely supporting themselves and their dependants, but, the circular goes on, many refugees are not able to undertake any remunerative work. Mr. Long feels sure that in view of ail- that Belgium has done for the Allied I cause, local committees and private hosts will continue to render assistance for the comfort and needs of our Belgian re- fugees, and that in most instances they will be able, and will desire, to carry on work without any outside financial aid, but in the event of such assistance being required, Mr. Long says the Government 1 arc prepared, subject to the necessary rules and conditions, to continue to afford it through the War Refugees' Committee with the more dirt-et, supervision and con- trol of Mr. Long in its distribution. A memorandum is dlso issued, in which the importance of refugees obtaining work and becoming self-supporting is urged. The Board further .impress upon local com- mittees the importance of finding oc- cupation for Belgian women under their care, and it is also suggested that in de- ciding as to amount of grant to be given, regard should he had to the scale or sep- aration allowances mudf to the wives and --=- ,1.I.11.¡-
TURKS' LETTER CONCESSION. The War Offic-e, announces that the Turkish Government has withdrawn the regulation that letters written to British prisoners of war in Turkey should not exceed four lines in length. Sorrsepond- ents are reminded, however, that long letters may be subject to delay.
THE WRONG NOTE. Challenged at midnight on the.stpps of a Margate boar ding-house, James Nocton, a Colchester farmer, aged 2-1, instead ot producing an exemption certificate handed Detective-Sergeant Burren a S5 note. Charged with being an absentee, he was fined 40s., and ordered to be handed over to the military authorities.
LORD HALSBURY'S AGE. I In our tribute to Lord Halsburv, the Grand Old Man of the law, on the celebration to his nillety-tirst birthday,' we adopted the current view, supported by all the current works of reference," says the Law Journal." The fact is—and in the interests of historical accuracy we have taken some pains to verify it-that the veteran ex- Cbancellor was born in 1823, and not in 11825, as has been hitherto everywhere d |state. i
MR. KIPLING FOR ITALY. Rome. Friday.—The visit of Mr. Rud- yard Kipling to the Italian front is awaited with the keenest interest. Italians who know his works .^re looking forward with enthusiasm to seeing him, and are aleo hoping he will show the world what Italy is doing. Mr. Kipling will be received by the King, General Cadorna, General Porro, and Commendatore Luzzatto, the prefect of Udine, representing the Government. He will be taken everywhere, and will be given an absolutely free band.-Reuter.
I NOTED R.A.'s SON KILLED. It became known on Friday that Second-ieut. A. Forbes, only -on of Mr. Stanhope Forbes, R.A.. and nephew of Sir William Forbes, general manager of the L.B. and S.C. Railway, had been killed II in action. The young officer was originally in the Railway Transport, but recenly trans- ferred to the Duke of Cornwall'6 ight Infantry. Only three weeks ago he was in England on leave.
I "I DO LOVE MY WI FE." A deserter named Albert Wilson who was asked at Windsor Police Court on Friday what were his identificatioa marks admitted that he was tatooed pretty nearly all over. He had a pierced heart in a laurel wreath with the letters I.L.W.L. on hie left forearm, and asked to explain the letters he said, HIt means I love," and here he erked ihs thumb over his shoul- der, 'er, the missus. Them's 'er ini- i tials." (Laughter.) On his other arm, j however, was a girl's, head3 with the name 1" Susie." The man had been a sailor.
MILITARY < ROUND-UP AT SWANSEA. Military round-up was be- gun at Swansea on Saturday afternoon, and a number of young men were taken to the Central Police Station, where were seen by Captain Harold Williams and Sergt. Wood ward. I i ￼ ￼ "$ RUSSIAN ADVANCE. This afternoon's official bulletin from Petrograd reports the defeat of a Ger- man-Turkish attack in the direction of Hilic. Stubborn fighting continuee. In the wooded Carpathians the Russians have taken, a series of heights, over 500 prisoners, five machine guns, a. mountain battery, and several cannon. On the Caucasian front fighting continues. In the Mack S,-a Russian torpedo boats have bombarded the port: rf Baljick, on ihe Bulgarian coast, and sunk 21 bargee- Wireless Press. I < *« ✓ fj V ] J .j
I CANADA AND THE NAVY. I Ottawa, Thumday.-Mr. J. D. Haren, I the Dominion Minister for Naval affairs, announced at Toronto last night that the Government intend to issue shortly a plan for recruiting men in Canada for service in the Royal Navy. The men will be paid by Canada at the rate pre- vailing in the Canadian Land Forces. There 0 is unquestionably much material in Canada which could be utilised for j this purpose, particularly in the mari- time provinces, and also to a consider- able extent in the ports of the Great Lakes.
THE FALLING MARK. I Y'dav. Prev. Qtn. Normal 100 marks on Berlin. Amsterdam .42.52|gl. 42.55 t.. 59.25 Berne (Thur6)92.25fr. 92.75 123.45 t sterling on London. Amsterdam .11.09igl. 11.69 12.10 j Berne (Thurs)25.42fr. 25.37 25-30 1