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STRIVING FOR I PEACE. I THE KINe'S LETTER, i CORRESPONDENCE WITH PRESIDENT OF I mL I EFFORTS TO AVERT WAR. i A Parliamentary White Paper issued j last night gives tho text of the letter from the President of the French Re- public to King George on July 31, 1914, zespecting the European crisis, and of h:s Mapesty's reply of August 1st. It shows how iiitil the very la-sti King George strove for peace. President of the French Republic. 1 to the King. Dear and great Friend, In the grave events through which Europe is passing, I feel bound to con-i vev to your Majesty the information which the Government of the Republic have received from Germany. The mili- tary preparations which are being under- j al.oii by the Imperial Government,, 1 pt-ciaily in the immediate neigiibour- iiaod of the French frontier, are being i> nslied forward every day with fresh vigour and speed. France*- resolved to continue, to the very end to do all that lies within her power to i maintain peace., has, up to the present, confined hurself solely to the most indis- j pensabie precautionary measures. But it does not appear that her prudent and j moderation serve to check Germany's i action; indeed, quite the reverse. Wp are, perhaps, then, in spite of the moderation of the Government of the Republic and the calm of public opinion, on the cn of the most terrible events. From all the information which reaches us, it would seem that war would be in- evitable if Germany were convinced that the British Government would not inter- vene in a conflict in which France might I be engaged; if, on the other hand, Ger- many were convinced that tho Entente Cordialo would be affirmed, in case of need, even to tho extent of taking the field side by side, there would he the greatest I chance that peace would remain un- !broken. I England's Liberty of Action. I It is true that our military and naval arrangements leave complete liberty to your Majesty's Government, and that, in the letters exchanged in 1912 between Sir Edward Grey and il. Paul Cambon, Great | Britain and France entered into nothing more than a mutual agreement to consult one another in the event of European tendon, and to examine in concert whether common action were advisable, But the character of close friendship which public faeling has given in both, countries to tie entente between Great Britain and France, the confidence with which our two Governments have nevsi ceased to work for the maintenance of peace, and the signs of sympathy which your Majesty has ever shown to France, justify me in informing you quite frankly of my impressions, which are those of t'n Government of the Republic and of all France. It is, I consider, cm the language and the action of the British Govemmert? that hanc&forward the la? cbanc?* of a peaceful settlement depend. We, ourselves, from the initial st&?es of the crisis, have enjoined upon oir Ally an attitude of moderation from which they have jiot swerved. In con- cert with your Majesty's Government, and in conformity with Sir E. Grey's latest suggestions, we will continue to act on the 8 lines. I But if all efforts at conciliation cman- i ate from one side, and if Germany ard i Austria can speculate on the abstention of Great Britain, Austria's demands will remain inflexible, and an agreement be-j tween her and Russia will become im- possible. I am profoundly convinced that at the present moment the more Great Britain, France, and Russia can I give a deep impression that they are united in their diplomatic action, the more poasibia will it be to count upon the preservation of peace. I I beg that your Majesty will exense a step which is only inspired by the hope of seeing the European balance of power I definitely reaiffrmed. Pray accept the expression of my most ¡ cordial sentiments. R. POINCARE. The King to the President of the French I Republic. Buckingham Palace. Aug. 1, 1914. Dear and graat Friend, I most highly appreciate the sentiments which moved you. to writa to me in 80 cordial and friendly a spirit, and I am grateful to you for having stated youiv views so fully and frankly. You may be assured that the present I situation in Europe has been the cause of much anxiety and preoccupation to me, and I am glad to think that our two Gov- ernments have worked so amicably to- gether in endeavouring to find a peaceful solution of the questions at issue. 'I It would be a source of real patisfaction to me if our united efforts were to meet with success, and I am still not without hope that the terrible events which seeoa so near may be averted. I admire the restraint wh).o,h you a-rd I your Government are exercising in re- fraining from taking undae military measures on the frontior, and not adopt- ing an attitude which oould in any wise I' be interpreted as a provocative one. I am personally using my best en- deavours with the Emparors of Russia and of Germany towards finding &ome [ solution by which actual military opera- tions may at any rate be postponed, and time bo thus given for oalm discussion between the Powers. I intend to pro- secute these efforts without intermission so long as any hopo remains of an amicable settlement. As to the attitude of my country, events are changing so rapidly that it is difficult: to forecast/future developments; but you; may 00 assured that my Government will! continue to discuss freely and frankly: any point vrhich may arise of interest to; our two nations with. M. Cambon. Believe me, M. le President, I (Signed), George R.I. I







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