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Auction Announcements Continued from Page t. Mr. Francis George Price. Mareh tli.-Talgartli Auction Mart. April ht.-Ray Auction Mart. April —.—Sale of Property at Hay. April 3.-Sale of Live and Dead Farming Stock at Pentre Farm, Rliulan, near Aberedw. April 5.—Sale of Live and Dead Farming Stock at Cnwc Farm, Colva, Whitney-on-Wje. April 11.—Sale of Live and Dead Farming Stock at Cac- nantmelyn, Hay. April IO.-Sale of Live and Dead Farming Stock at Middlewood Farm, Clifford. April -Annual Grass Letting at Lower House, Cusop. Talgarth and District Farmers' Union Auction Mart. ON TUESDAY, MARCH 26th, 1918. Hay Auction Mart. ON APRIL let, 1918. FRANCIS GEORGE PRICE, Auctioneer, TALGARTH. 1033/46213. Pentre Farm, Rhulan, Near ABEliEDW. IMPORTANT AND ATTRACTIVE SALE OF LIVE & DEAD FARMING STOCK, DAIRY UTENSILS, &c. JfR FRANCIS GEO. PIUCE is favoured with instructions from Mrs Breeze to Sell by Auction, 0Xb v WEDNESDAY, APRIL 3rd, 1918, viz. :—— HORSES.—Cart I ar e, i ii foaJ. rising 8 years old sind believed to be sound, half-bred Mare, rising 3 tears old. CATTLE.-2 Dairy Cows in and with Calves *t foot, 2 year old Heifer in Calf, 1 2 year old Heifer with Calf, 3 Yearling Steers, 1 Yearling Heifer. SHEEP.—29 2 year old Wethers, 12 3 yea* old 'Wethers, 18 Yearling Wethers and T-h eaves, 30 Ewes in yean. PIGS.—1 Store Pig. IMPLEMENTS.—1 narrow-wheel Cart, 1 Gambo, Chain Harrows, 1 set Iron Harrows, Turnip Scuffle, Land Scuffle, Wheel Plough, 2 h'alf-loa^r Ploughs, 30 Iron Hurdles, Barbed Wire, 'Vire Netting, Shearing BendH, 1 Pig Bencih, 2 Pig Troughs, 2 Pulpers (equal new), Cider Casks, Winnowing Machine, Horse Works, Chaffcutter, Tubs. Farm Toots, 10-gallon Oil Drum, &c., &c. GEARING.—Set of Trap Harness, 2 Sets of G. O. Gears, 2 Sets of Long Gears, 1 Set of Short Gears, 2 Care, Bridles, 3 Collars, 1 Gent's Saddle and Bridle, &c., &c. DAIRY UTENSILS.—Milk Lead, Churn (equal new), 2 Milk Pans, Butter Trind, &c. FURNITURE.—Fire Guiard, Boiler, Sauce- pans, Fender, Hanging Lamp, Bedsteads, &c. Also Quantity of SEED POTATOES. Sale at 1.30 prompt. Terins-C:asi). The Cottage, Talgarth. bl037/4(5/283t Cnwc Farm, Colva, NEWCHURCH, WHJTNEY-ON-WYE. 114PORTANT SALE OF LIVE AND DEAD FARMING STOCK. IR FRANCIS GEO. PRICE is favoured with instructions from Mr H. Lloyd (who is re- tiring) to Sell by Audiion, on FRIDAY, APRIL 5th, 1918. CATTLE.—2 Cow, due to calf, 2 Barrens. SHEEP.-5 Ewes in yean. HORSES.—C'art Mare in foal, 9 years old. Cart Mia re in foal, 4 years old, Cart Gelding, ti years old. IMPLEMENTS—Broad-wheel Cart. Na-rrow- "wlieel Gaiiibo (nearly new), Roll, 2 Swing Ploughs, Mooter, 2 pa-irs of Harrows, Chain Harrows, Land Scuffler, Turnip Scuffler, Turnip Drill, 2 Ladders, 2 Sheep Racks, 2 Shearing Benches, Mowing Machine, Horse Rake, Chaff- cutter, Horse Works, Iron Hurdles, Iron Pig Troughs. GEA-RI-G.-ghc,rt alid G.O. Goairs. Sale at 1.30 prompt. Terms—Cash. The Cottage, Talgarth. bl036/46/44 PRELIMINARY. Caenantmelyn Farm, Hay. IR FRANCIS GEO. PUKE is favoured with instructions from Mr Enoch George, J.P., to Sell by Auction, on THURSDAY, APRIL Ilti), 1918 (Hay Fair Day), ,his Live and Dead FARMING STOCK. full particulars next week. The Cottage, Talgarth. 1)1034,46/4-1 PRELIMINARY. Middlewood Farm, Clifford. IR FRANCIS GEO. PRICE is favoured with instructions from Mr W. Snead to Sctll by Auction, on. TUESDAY, APRIL IGtll, 1918, "tihe whole of his Live and Dead FARMING STOCK, comprising of 36 Pedigree-Bred Hereford Cattle, 9 Cart Horses and Colts, 60 Shropshire Sheep, Implements, Cider, &c. The C.jttage, Talgarth. bl033,4G,lH NOTICE TO FARMERS. Sale of Horses Order, 1917 IT has been decided until further notiice that ilorses. between 3 and 5 years of age cannot be so-d 'except to persons who are farmers or occu- piers of land within the County of Brecon. Permits must, however, be obtained from the Executive Committee for the sale of horses of all ages, 2 years a-nd upwards. Brecon-shire War Agricultural Executive Com- mittee, 20,11 March, 1918. The Elms, Struct, Brecon. bl031/55/213 PUBLIC NOTICES. MINISTRY OF FOOD. + MEAT RATIONING ORDER, 1918. 4 ——— DIRECTIONS TO RETAILERS OF MEAT OTHER THAN BUTCHER'S MEAT OR PORK. ————— 1. A retailer may sell meat to which these directions apply only on production of a Meat Card, and on selling -lie must detach the proper number of coupons for the amount sold. 2. Each coupon on an ordinary (adult's) Meat Cut represents the weight of meat -set out in the official liable of Equivalent Weights, or 5d. of un- cooked edible offal, and not more than that amount in-ay .be sold on it. Each coupon on a child's Meat Card represents .half this amount. 3. Ðaoh coupon is numbered to correspond Wi'Ull a particular week, and can be used for sales only in the period from the Sunday of that week- up to and including the Wednesday in the week follow- ing. Thus the coupons numbered 7 are valid for sales. from Sunday, April 7th, up to and including Wednesday, AprH 17th. Those numbered 8 are valid from Sunday, April 14th, to Wednesday, April 24th, and so on. 4. Coupons which have not been used in the proper coupon period cannot be used later without permission of the Food Office, even though the re- tailer has been unable to supply the full ration in the proper coupon .period. 5. There are .four coupons for each coupon period on each card and any or all of these may be used for the purchase of meat (other than butcher's meat or pork), or of meat -ineals, or whether or not the card has been registered with a bute-her. 6. Any person who has lost his card or has never had a card should be referred to Oris Food Office. 7. Meat may also be sold on Emergency Cards presented by soldiers and sailors on leave or others, or on Travellers' Ca-rds or on Supple- mentary Cards issued to invalids. 8. These directions apply to MEAT OF EVERY KIND OTHER THAN UNCOOKED BUTCHER'S MEAT, that is 'to say OFFAL AND SUET (except when sold by a general butcher), POULTRY AND GAME, etc. (includ- ing all BIRDS, RABBITS, HARES, VENISON, and HORSEFLESH): BACON AND HAM; SAUSAGES AND COOKED, CANNED, PRE- SERVED AND MISCELLANEOUS MEATS, as specified in the Table of Equivalent Weights. 9. These directions do not affect sales Vo re- gistered Residential Establishments, Caterers or Institutions in accordance with the special direct- ions issued for such establishments. 10. The re1, a tier must keep prominently dis- played in ihis shop a. copy of the official Table of Equivalent Weights for the time being in force. 11. These directions tapply as from Sunday, April 7th, 1918. Failure to comply with a.ny of them is a summary offence under the Defence of the Realm Regulations. bIO27, 6311213 BY ORDER. Brecknockshire Sessions NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the next General Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the County of Brecknock will be held at the COUNTY HALL, BHECON, on TUESDAY, the Pth day of ApLUL, 1918, at 11-20 o'clock in the forenoon, at which time and plaçe all Prosecutors and Witnesses must attend. At 11-20 o'clock the Justices will proceed to transact the County Business. All Petty Jurors, Appellants and Re- spondents must attend- in Court at 11-20 o'clock in the forenoon of the above-men- tioned day. HENRY F. W. HARRIES, Clerk of the Peace. County Hall, Brecon, 20th March, 1918. b1033j54j28-3 RED CROSS HOSPITAL, PENOYRE. We offer our grateful thanks for the following gifts to the hospital :—Eggs, Miss W i'liams. Pool Farm; 3 dozen, collected by Miss Best in the market; 180 collected by Miss Davies, from Devynock, Scnnybridge, Senny, Llandilo'rfan, Blaenwysg and Cray; vegetables, Capt. Evans; cigarettes from Mrs Morgan and Miss Hogg and Mrs Morgan (High Sheriff). We also offerillost heaivy thanks to Mr Wise and Mrs Grower, who came on Tuesday and amused us, and to Mrs Morgan, of Abecer-i?ve, who brought a. delightful concert party on Saturday evening and gave us some delightful music. We also thank Mr Har- hcs. Mr Tvler and Mi?s Nancy Jones for e.nding their cars on March 5th to bring patients from the station Mr Harries, Mr Best, Mr P. P. Wil- hams, Dr. Thomas and Miss Nancy Jones for doing the most work for the hospital in the same way on March 15th. We should like some rhu- barb for "tarts" very much. I ALICE M. DE WINTON, b73 5G/213 CommandaDt. om. ^ckuottikOgments Builth I MR. A?D MKS. AML'?Dso? anJ 'f?mHy, Builth Road, wish to extend their sincerest thanks to í tljeir iiia-iiv friends for the messages of svxii- j pathy received by them during their recent | bereavement. A'so for the beautiful floral tri- butes received from friends. 988/63/143 IH. AND MRS. HAIIAR, Glan-bran, Builth Wells, wish to expend thanks to their many friends for the messages of .sympathy and condolence, re- ceived by them, during their recent bereave- ment. 1009/63/213 PUBLIC NOTICES. MINISTRY OF FOOD. I FOOD CONTROL COMMITTEES (LOCAL) DISTRIBUTION SCHEME. + DIRECTIONS TO RETAILERS OF BUTTER AND MARGARINE. ♦ 1. The retailer may sell only on production of a Food Card which has been registered wMi him. 2. On each such card he may only sell in each week up to the amount of the weekly ration, and on selling he must mark iiidelibly the proper numbered square on the Butter-Margarine f>art of the card. Each square is numbered to cor- respond with a particular week and can only be used for sales in that week. By the week ending Saturday, March 30th. the first five spaces must be cancelled. Space G will then be cancelled for the week ending April Gth, and so on. 3. The retailer must divide wbiat supplies he has as fairly as possible between Iiis registered customers. He is not bound to supply the full rations to first corners, unless lie is certain of hav- ing enough to give full rations to aill. He may sell part of the ration oij a card first and make up the balance Jttt-er in uhe same week. 4. Squares which have not been used in the proper week cannot be used later, without the permission of the Food Office. If the retailer cannot supply the full ration in any week, lie may not without permission make it up in the next week. 5. The retailer is bound to accept for registra- tion any customer (assigned to him by the Food Office. 6. The retailer may refuse to sell excepc for cash. 7. A registered customer can be transferred from one retailer to another only with the consent of the Food Office, and the retailer must not ac- cept for registration except under instructions from the Food Office a. ca¡¡J which has already been re- gistered elsewhere. 8. A customer wishing to transfer his registra- tion, on leaving the district, should recover his counterfoil from the retailer and take it with the card to the Food Office of his new district. 9. A customer wishing to transfer his regis- tration for any other reason should recover his counterfoil from the. retailer and take it with the card to his Food Office. 10. Any person who has lost his card or has, never had -a card should be referred to his Food Office. 11. A retailer, if he has 'supplies, may without registration sell on Emergency Cards presented by Soldiers and Sailors on leave, or others, if the cards are not marked wlh the name of another retailer, or on Travellers' Cards, or on supplc- mentary Cards issued to invalids. 12. These directions do not affect sales to re- gistered Residential Establishments, Caterers, or Institutions in accordance with the special direct- ions issued for such establishments. 13. These directions apply as from Monday, March 25th, 1918. Failure to comply with any of them is a summary offence under the Defence of the. Realm Regulations. 14. The weekly ration .till further notice is 4 oZ: per head for adults and children alike. BY ORDER. CHEESE is what we are all asking for, and it is up to every farmer to make more CHEESE than ever during the coming season, but you must have RENNETT, and the very finest to make the best CHEESE We have just received from Messrs Fulwood & Bland a large consignment, but take our advice- BUY AT ONCE! MORRIS'S SUPPLY STORES, Builth Wells. Important to Farmers. SCARCITY OF FEEDING STUFFS. There will be very little cake of grain available for .stock fattening next ^winter." —(Vide Board of Agriculture's Journal, February 1918) Therefore pee that you grow plenty of MANGOLDS, SWEDES and TURNIPS, and the best are SUTTON'S. ONLY FROM- J. S. DAVIES, Silverdale," Builth Wells.
I HEREFORD MARKET. (
HEREFORD MARKET. ( Wednesday. At Hereford cattle market to-day, supplies were on the Mil all side. There was a fairly good number of tit cattle for local requirements. Cows with calves made good prices, and veal also went off well. The sheep trade was not very active, but some pens of stores, however, made up to sixty shillings. Tigs were again not numerous, and small stores fetched very high prices.
SENNYBRIDGE FARMERS. I F.U. Meeting. I PROTEST AGAINST SALE RESTRICTIONS. I On Tuesday a very large and enthusiastic meeting of the Sennybridge and district branch of the Farmers; Union, was held at the Market Hall, when Mr D. W. Price, Njuityrharn, pivsided. There were over 120 of the leading farmers present. The meeting was ad- dressed in a very able niaiin r by the chairman and Messrs W. J. Price, Upper Pontwilym, and W. Smith, Brecon. Tbe secretary reported a -t?ady progress in the work of enrolling members and said that 100 farmers iu the 10 parishes comprising the district had now joined the Union. The following resolutions were passed and the secretary was ordered to forward them to the Secretary of the Brecon and Radnor Union, viz :HThat this meeting protest against the Government issuing any Order to restrict the free sale of storcteattle a.nd sheep and the removal of same from one county to another, as the Order is disastrous to a county like Brecon where the cattle cannot be finished off for slaugh- tering, that they urge the County War Agricultural Executive Committee to arrange that the restrictions for the sale of horses shall be removed by the begin- ning of May next or earlier if possible." The circular sent out by the Agricultural "Wages Board was duly read and considered and the general opinion of those present was that no one iu this section would at the present time be so foolish .as to deal so high-liandcd with their workmen in such a manner as referred to therein. Mr Levi Jones, C.C., Cwmcamlais Veliaf, Mr Griffith Griffiths, Bronwydd-mawr, Treeastle, and Mr Thomas Davies, Gelynos, Trallong, were appointed delegates to the Executive. The following additional canvassers were appointed for the parish of Llandilofane. viz Messrs J. P. Davies, Bwlchgwyn, aud Tom Phillips, Cefnilech.
I i Llangorse Funeral. I THE LATE MLS$M. WILLIAMS. The m"rt.:i 1 remains of Mrs Margaret William". the Co pel, were laid to rest iu St..Michael's graveyard, Llanfihangel. on the I3tli in.st. Deceased passed peacefully away on the 8th inst., in her 83rd year, and leave- three sons and their families to mourn their loss. The funeral was attended by a large number of re- latives and friends, deccased heing well-known in the neighbourhood, having resided at the Capel for the last "26 years. Rev. Marsden Jones (vicar of St. Paulinas, Llan- gorse) officiated. A -hort service was held at th- house. prnr to departure. On arrival at St. Michael's Church, IJanfihangel, an impressive service was con- ducted by the Rev. Marsden Jonts, when a favourite hymn of deceased's, "For ever with the Lorù," was feelingly rendered by the congregation, Mr A. Preecs presiding at the organ. "On the resurrection morn- ing" was sung at the grave-side. The chief mourners were Mr and Mrs Stephen Wil- liams, Capel (son and daughter-in-law). Mr and Mrs Williams, Coekett- (son and daughter-in-law), Sapper and Irii ,I. H. Williams, Safaddan (son and daughter- in-law), Mrs Frances, Cui (grawl-daughtt'r). Mr B. Wil- liams, Coekett (grandson), Davies, Safaddan (grand-(}anghter). Mi-es Bessie. Xtllie. Edith, Frances and Florence Williams, Coekett (grand-children). Master Willie Williams. Capel (grand-child), Mrs Roberts, Up- per Blaina, Talgarth (cousin), Mr and Mrs Williams (Talgarth), Mr li. Morgan and Miss Morgan (Erwood), Mrs Kedward (Bargoed) and Miss Morgan (Bolgoed). The bearers were Messrs. T. and S. Williams (Court-y Prior), Mr (iwillim (Coynant). and Mr Harris (Caeeot- tre!]). Mr Wm. Hohby, Llanfihangel, wa.s undertaker. The coffin was a plahi oak one with brass fittings, and bore the inscription, "Margaret Williams, died March 8th. IGIS, aged 83 years." The floral tributes, were as follow:- "In loving memory of dear mother," from Stephen and family. "In loving memory of dear mother," from Evan and family. "In loving memory of dear mother," from Johnnie and family. "In deep sympathy," from Lizzie. "In loving memory of a dear friend," from Mrs Ked- wards. "In deep sympathy," from Mrs E. Jones, Tymawr. Llangor.se.. 1023/63,213
LATE Rev. T. C. RICHARDS.
LATE Rev. T. C. RICHARDS. IMPRESSIVE FUNERAL. The funeral of the Rev. T. C". Richards, rector of Llanfihangel-Talyllyn, whose demise, on the 10th inst., was reported in our columns last week, took place on Thursday, the remains being deposited in the family vault at Cefn Coed Cemetery. There was a. very large attendance at the obsequies, testifying to the high respect in which the late rector was held. A short service was conducted at the Rectory by the Rev. J. Marsden Jones, Llangorse. Subsequently at the church, where the Bishop of Swansea and some twenty clergy were present, an impressive service was held. The Bishop of Swansea, Rev. J. McClellan, and the Rev. H. J. Church Jones (rural dean) officiated. The hymns "Jesus, Lover of my soul" and "Pence, perfect peace" were sung. The choir also sang the Nunc Dimittis," and as the remains were being taken from the church, the organist (Mr A. Pric. ) played the Dead March" from Saul." At Cefn station a large number of relatives and friends met the funeral party. The service nt the cemetery was taken by the Rev. J. Marsden Jones-, Llangorse. The choir of St. John's Church, Cefn, were in attend- ance, and led the singing of the hymn On the Resurrection morning." The principal mourners were Mr and Mrs T. J. Parry (son-in-law and daughter), and Rev. Parry, chaplain to the Forces and formerly Principal of Carmarthen College. Lieut. Richards (son) was unable to attend owing to illness. Among those present were:—Prof. J. Evans, B.A., Brecon; Mr and Mrs Leonard, Brecon: Mr W. E. Jones, Brecon; Mr J. Morris, Dolcoed: Mr D. Phillips, Drostre House Mr T. Moore, Pennorth: Mr T. Jones, Tycarol, Llanfihangel: Mr D. H. Jones, Llanfihangel; Mr W. Lloyd, Llanfihangel; Mr W. Thomas, Llanfi- hangel: Mr Wm. Price, Llanfihangel: Mr T. 1. Powell and Mr S. Webb, schoolmaster: Mr W. M. Powell, Hemley Hall: Mr J. Price, Talyllyn Mr Rees Price, Talyllyn; Mr Albert V.'ilson, Talyllyn; Mr A. Preece, Talyllyn Mr T. Daniel, LLmywern: Mr P. Williams, Tycanol Mr" Rees Thomas, Tydraw Mr Gatehouse, Tydraw, and a large number of ladies from the parishes of Llanywern and Llanfihangel. The bearers were Mr T. Davies (Gwindwnwall), Mr D. J. Powell (Noyadd), Mr N. Preece (Talyllyn), Mr Moses (Cwmbrook). Messrs Morgan and Lewis (Brecon) superintended the funeral arrangements. The coffin, which wa< sup- plied by Mr Hobby, was of plain oak with heavy brass fittings, the breast plate I)ore the following inscription, Thomas Charles Richards, died March 10th, 1918, aged 61 years." School Managers' Tribute. At a meeting of the Brecon County ^chool Managers I on Tuesday, the Bisbop of Swansea (chairman) in moving a vote of condolence with the members of the family of the late Rev. T. C. Richards, referred to the loss the managers had sustained, and to the fact that the late Mr Richards had been a member of that body from the beginning of the schools at Brecon. He was very regular in his attendance, and took a real interest in the welfare of the scliool.Mr Ed. Butter seconded, ,tud,(he vote was carried by the members standing.
I -Neighbours Fall Out.
I Neighbours Fall Out. I SEQUEL AT BRECON PdLICE COURT. A sequel to a row between neighbours living in Dinas road. Brecon was found at Brecon police court, on Monday, when Sarah Lloyd, (whose husband is serving with the Colours), summoned Emma Murphy for assault. Defendant stated she hit complainant in self- defence.—Mrs Lloyd said that Mrs Murphy caught her by the throat and dragged her along the street and pulled her hair (produced) out of her head. The Clerk Is it false hair (Laughter). Mrs Lloyd No, it is my own natural hair (Renewed laughter). William Roberts, a lad of 14. stated he saw Mrs Murphy beating Mrs Lloyd, who was carrying her baby. Mrs Murphy said Mrs Lloyd would not leave her alone, and she could not live by her. The Mayor said the Bench had decided to dismiss the summons as they considered the evidence was not trustworthy.
I Tretower Entertainment. I A SUCCESS. IThe annual entertainment, held in connection with ZMr. Tretower, Sunday School (of which the -uperin- wiKient i.s Air w. Williams. Cwmgu), c-aine oft on the 8th inst." Owing to food, restrictions and other things, the tea party was dropped this year. The entertain- ment was a great success, and the chairman, Mr John Owen, Abergavenny, conducted the meeting with un- failing tact. There was a crowded "house," and the following took part, viz., Mrs Roberts < Llangynidr, Miss Evans (Crickhowell), Mrs Parham (Crickhowell), Mrs Pugh Jones (Llangynidr), and Ptes. Beal and Nash (from t.he c.amp). all of whose valuable help was keenly ap- preciated. The local talents were, as usual, much in evidence, and did well, including Bessie Williams, Marv JJavko. Dora Johnson, Jenny Williams, Marjory Powell. Beatie Hewiet, Evan Pror-ser, Mr W. Powell and the choir. Dd. J. Davies. Miss Laura Davies, Mi-> Lily Evans, Emily Griffiths, Misses M. Williams and Jane l»aac, Miss Jenny Powell. Owen Powell and friends Mrs Hyde. Miss L. Williams and Mr W. Davies. The accompanists were Mrs Evans (Cwmdu School) and MLss Kates (Halfway Hou.-e). A hearty vote of thank, and the singing of "G:d ^ve the King" brought the proceedings to a close.
I Brecon and Radnor Lighting.
I Brecon and Radnor Lighting. Lighting Up. Subdue Lights. Thursday, March 21st 6-56 p.m. 8-26 p.m. Friday 22nd 6-58 8-28 Saturday 11 23rd 7-0 8-30 I SUMMER TIME STARTS.—PUT CLOCK ON ONE HOUR. Sunday „ 24th 8-1 n 9-31 Monday -25th 8-3 9-313 Tuesday" 26th 8-5 9-35 Wednesday 27th 8-6 9-36 Thursday It 28th" 8-8 „ 9-38 „ Lamps on vehicles must be lighted half-an-hour after sunset, and the lights of factories, shops, hous- es, etc., shaded from two hours after sunset till two hours before sunrise. I Times given include the allowance of 13 minutes later than Greenwich for February.
WHY NOT? There have recently appeared in our columns some interesting and instructive discuss'ions on na'rional education. Mr Fisher's Bill has doubt- Ila'[;-Ollal C(I UC;itiOD. lessly given rise -to them. It is a. question, as we have from time to time pointed out, of vital importance, and one which cannot be brooked if due regard is had to the future. In venturing a brief reference 'to one of its phases, we have no intention or desire, especially at this hour, to fan the dying embers of an old controversy, which burned fiercely around the teaching of religion in day schools. Time has da.mped it down. The war, too, has brought us to many a. common under- stand ing. The forcible address (which appeared in our columns a few weeks ago) by the Bishop of Swansea to a congregation of men, and the dis- cuss'ion a:t the National Free Church Council of Wales, bearing immediately on the subject, how- ever. demands attention. The Bishop reminded us of the disastrous results of Germany's "most efficient system of secular education," and ex- pressed his opinion that an education, however efficient, divorced from religion, is not going to encfita nation'. There .were few sections of the community in Wales who ever thought otherwise. The real difficulty has always been found in the system of education and the lack of a religious syllabus in schools which would meet with common agreement. There will be general agreement with the Bishop that the only education worth having is that "based upon 'the fear and the love of God," but, unfortunately, the same "unw,hole- some" disputations will again arise, under any new system of educat,ion-unlcss some general agreement can be arrived at in the drawing up of an inter-denominational syllabus for Biblical in- struction in our elementary schools." We gladly welcome the views expressed by the Bishop of St. As-aplh. that such an arrangement is, and should be, possible. He stated that he would esteem it a. great privilege to serve on a body representative of the various religious bodies in Wales for the purpose of corning to such an agreement. The Executive of tibe National Free Church Council received the suggestion most and agreed to support the principle of a joint con- ference of the Council with representatives of the Church of England. We hope that the conference will result in an arrangement which has long been desired. Surely there can be little difficulty in coming to such an understanding. In certain mparts of Brecon-slhire, as the Rev. Hees Evans (Llanwrtyd) reminded the meeting, through the f good offices of the late Miss Clara Thomas, her- sel f a devout Church-woman, and others, such a syllalms was adopted by common consent years ago, and had worked most satisfactorily. So useful and apparently acceptable is this syllabus that we hope it will be submitted to the confer- ence, for upon it. at all events, may be based an agreement- which should meet the views of all t-ol era n t -person s.
ITHE PUBLIC'S DUTY.
THE PUBLIC'S DUTY. A matter of the highest- importance to Spas and summer resorts is the maintenance of the good health of the district and the ,assurance. as far as possible, of freedom from epidemic disease. Local Councils and their medical officers have a heia-vy responsibility in tillis regard, and we notice tbli.a.t in one particular Spa 'lately, the Council took "such action which should serve as a warning to persons who, whether by carelessness or indiffer- ence, would jeopardise the public health and the reputation of the town for health, which to these towns is -an -a[l important consideration, la bring- ing forward such oases, which were characterised by the bench as "of the greatest public import- ance," the. Council and the Medical Officer of Health did only their bounden duty, and also a service in reminding the general public of their liability in the matter. The onus which lies upon the public in notifying cases does not appear to bo so widely known as it ought. Take for in- stance the Order of the Local Government Briard respecting the notification of measles. It is laid down unle-r the regulations tihat "every parent or guardian or other person, as soon as he Or SliL, becomes aware, or has reasonable grounds for sup- posing that any person in his or her charge is Buf- fering from measles, is required to notify the case to the medical officer of health, unless this has already been done, by a medical practitioner." It is important vhat this duty imposed on parents and others in the case of notifiable diseases should be carried out by them, for unless there is co- operation with the health authorities clean bills of health will be the exception and not the rule.
I -Brecon County Schools.
I Brecon County Schools. I PUPILS AND HANDWRITING. The Bishop of Swansea presided over a meeting of Governors of the Brecon County Schools on Tuesday. Arising from a report on the .sub-committee, Prin- cipal Lewis moved that the Governors having carefully considered the proposals of the Board of Education in regard to an establishment of advanced courses were of i-opinioji that the pr posals were impracticable in view of the special conditions which obtain for "Wales and undesirable in view of the general-character of the system of secondary education of the needs and claims of individual schools. Rev. Hilary Lewis, seconded. Mr Miller asked whether no suggestion eould be iteide to make the proposals practicable. They wanted, he said, as far as possible to avail themselves of every grant that could be obtained. lie had hoped that the committee would have been able to give suggestions which would have been of value to the existing schools and 8)'i'tem. Principal Lewis said there was a, suggestion in the report that instead of special grants for advanced courses, there sh tild be special State aid for all ad- vanced work-for all post senior work. As things were at present they would benefit tinancially if the suggestions were adopted. It was agreed to embody the suggestions in the resolution. Pupils' Hardwriting. In the report of the special committee to consider the C.W.B. examiner's report, the following appeared It is a matter for regret that so little attention is paid to hand-writing. It is not the County Schools but elementary schools which are to blame in this matter. The report states" The liand-wr'tine in some eases was irritatingly small and hardly legible," whilst in some cases were lost through illegible handwriting." The Governors appreciated the work which was being done in both schools, as the results of the C. W.B. examinations amply proved.
I Bread versus Beer.
I Bread versus Beer. ( The Food Question. I MR SJDXEY ROBINSON'S SPEECH IN THE HOUSE. Sneaking on the Food Question in the House of Commons on Tuesday of last week, Mr Sidney Robinson, LP.,s.aid: The question which is before us b one of very great importance, and, whatever may be my own view on the subject, I wish to deal with it rather on the grounds of national necessity at the prtsnct zime. Those of us who are interested in agricultural con- stituencies have been asking our constituents t-o plough up fresh land, and to make the very best use of the land under cultivation, so that more food may he produced. The farmer lias, been doing what we have asked of him. My calculation is that the land ploughed up this year produces the equivalent, or about the equivalent, of the amount of grain that would be consumed in manufacturing beer. That is rather a strong thing to say, but I think I am correct in what I state. Before the war we raised approxi- mately one-fifth of the grain consumed, and we im- ported about four-fifths or more, andprohably a tenth of the whole of the grain either raised or imported went in the manufacture of beer and spirits. If we had been wise enough at the commencement of the war. or had we been w i.se enough to forsee the necessity that now exists, we might at that time have appealed to the country to cease the manufacture of beer, and I he- lieve the country at that time would have reponded to the appeal, and we could then, automatically, have in- creased our supply of grain by one-tenth, which would have been available at the present time. Those who have been able to get hold of the "Agricultural Journai" for the present month must have ob.-erved that the use of concentrated foods for the purpose of fattening cattle is to be absolutely stopped. Agricul- turists know that this is a very serious matter. ThingiS have been drifting in that direction for a long time, and it seems that we will have to force upon the market more and more immature stock in a less mature condition, which is a very serious matter. We know from experience that without this food the cattle cannot make fle,sli in a way that would make them marketable. It is urged that it is absolutely neces- sary for munition workers and other workers that they should have a certain amount of beer. I have my own views, upon that subject, but if it is necessary that a certain amount of beer -should be given to some workers, could there not be some reasonable method of ration- ing whereby those men who must have it shall have it? In the agricultural district which I represent, why should more Iteer be given to the farmers or farm workers, whose labour i.s very little harder than it was? Why should agriculturists and other workers have increased quantities of beer? That is a matter I am unable to understand. It may be that it is really necessary in the case of munition workers, but I think it .should be rationed in :)me way, just as other foods. We are short at the present time of men, and that matter has already been ijfalt with, and there is the shortage of ships. The su^estion has been made that we should ask-the opinion of the working men on this matter. I intend to go to my own constituencv and to urge this, and perhaps it is one of the difficult districts in South Wales: but I believe, if the question is properly put and submitted to them, that the working men who have i-isvn so splendidly before will rid, again to the necessity of a great national emergency. I am not sure that it is not the duty of this House to set the 'example, and I hope another opportunity will be given to it to follow for the time being the example of those in the highest places in the land. Let us set an ex- ample to the working men. and exclude all drink for the time hting. as an hon. friend who said he was not a teetotaller expressed his willingness to do. Then we can go to the country with a much better case to the working men. I do not know whether many Members of this House have seen an extract from a speech of Mr Hoover, the Food Controller of the United States, in which lie said that for the duration of the war every bushel of barley i" needed for food, and there is not a bu-liel to spare for beer, and that the argument ad- vanced by the brewers that they are using grain which is unfit for food production j, not true, and that, the food value of lfigh-grain barley i, yry similar to that i? N- t ry iniiiar t-(, that of wheaL That is a very important statement. We know that in the United States, as in Canada, there has been a great outcry that we are not making the best use of foodstuffs in this country. Mention has been made of certain letters to the other side from gentlemen who came over and were speaking from this point of yiew in this country, and which were, censored when they wrote back. I have reason to believe that certain items of new. dealing with the elections that took place in Canada have been also censored. Some 'of the spe"che., which were censored dealt with the que-tion of young Canadians coming over here from dry States into the temptation offered in districts where drink is sold. I say no more about that, and after all it is only one side of the question. I would make an appeal to the Government- to make one more effort and to give the working classes an opportunity of speaking their minds en this subject, and if the ease is properly put. and if thi- HOlbe sets a proper ex- ample, I believe that the working men are sound and will loyally follow any lead that is given to them. We have in hand a full report of Mr Robinson's speech at the Cory Hall. Cardiff, when the Hon. Member gave telling figures in support of his views on the prohibition of tlit liquor traffic. The speech will appear in our columns next week.
j BRECON CHAMBER OF. TRADE.
j BRECON CHAMBER OF. TRADE. t NEW PRESIDENT'S IDEAS. f EXCELLENT SUGGESTIONS. Mr W. H. Jones Parry, the lifvly-eketed President of the Brecon Chamber of Trade, in thanking the mem- bers for the honour they had conferred upon him made --orne interesting observations at the Chamber's meet- ing on Tuesday evening. Mentioning subjects which he tliought khould be brought before the Chamber during the coming year, one was what he described as "the overlapping of as- sociations." There were, he e-aid. also-ciations in that, town connected with certain businesses which seemed to conduct their otwn affairs quite apart from the Chamber. It was important they should endeavour to bring all these associations to join the Chamber, because they would not in any way lose their individ- ualit,y by so doing. The great thing was unity. He was keen on the question of early closing. for apart from the mere closing of shops there was much behind it, such as the facilities for traders and their employ- ees to devote a portion of their time to some kind of business training. The German. through their per- fect training in business, had saturated the commercial world with their own ideas and influence, and it was time we.,a.f a nation, woke up to the fact that this was a very important thing. He hoped the passing of the New Education Bill would be of some help to them in the matter. But as a. preliminary he suggested that the Chamber should arrange for a course of lecture* early next winter by men who had been trained in their special line of business. There would be no difficulty in arranging such lectures. The i- would prove not; only interesting but. an edbeation. and he suggested that they should be thrown open to all the tradesmen and their employees in the town. Brecon being an agricultural centre, continued the President. and their most important industry, the ••Chamber should keep a sharp eye on this Ñ1 order that- they should accept every possible opportunity- of de- veloping the business. Tliev should work in close co- operation. if possible, with the Farmers' Union, as they had already done in connection with the proposed Horse Mart, which, he believed, would have arrived at a suc- cessful issue were it not for the Government restrictions on the sale of horses. Re.till entertained great hopes that they would get this very interesting and in- and in- fhiential business established in the town. Touching upon another matter, which they might not all agree with. he said he could not help thinking that it was the duty of the large and influential business men of the town to undertake certain responsibilities in the management of the affairs of the borough. He maintained it was hardly the right thing to continually criticise local authorities and not themselves be pre- pared to undertake any responsibility in their adminis- trat-he affairs. Criticism was cheap, but he expres- sed the hope that when the time came, probably not until after the war. they would find influential business men of the town ready to take their share in the re- sponsibility of administering the affairs of the borough. If the Chamber took steps in t,hat direction it would be very wise. He hoped in future to touch upon other matters, but he was desirous that the Chamber should do serious and useful work during the coming winter. and his present remarks were intended as a guide to them in that- direction. (Loud applause). There was a very large attendance of members at the meeting. A long circular, touching upon import- ant trade questions, from the National Chamber of Trade, was discussed. The committee on the Early Closing Order reported most favourably, and the meet- ing altogether was a very encouraging one.